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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE.
iLi i mh -nciHOMr - - -
Tho Condition of .Ireland.
j year ended .1 unc HO, 1 880, was- '$33,390,200. The
dVL TUV 1TMO HIT kUVM Viu 1W1IU II U i 1HIHU v vw, w ,
Entered at tho Post
,o,llM.V.So. M4U.uu.ri ft-"" tho British yoke with millions ofpobplo,
mou9 for their industry, enterprise and valor,
rr .., ... . . , .. . ., , , .i . ..
Washington, D. 0., Novkmuek, 1880.
'2V cara or Aim who has borne the battle, and for his
M.i. nf nrnJian ." ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
wictow m orpfauw." Abraham: Lincoln
" Green Isle of the Ocean," which has fur- fj2n miles in length ; annual transportation, 96,407,
Amorica since tho days of her independence 463 milos; annual coat, $10,580,271 of which amount
well as their devotion to the land of their adoption,
11 The validity of the public debt of the United States
authorised by law, including debts incurred for payment
if pensions and bounties for services in sunprcssiny insur
rection or rebellion, shall not be questioned." Skc. 4, Aim-
3lbX1Y, Constitution ov the united mates.
"The Pension Laws ought of right to be administered
$1,259,210 was for railway post-ollicc ear service.
Steamboat routes, 23,320 miles in length ; annual
transportation, 5,068,538 miles; annual cost, $887,-
must ever bo an object of interest to our country! 221. Other routes on which tlrp, mails are required
men. America owe a large debt of gratitude to J 00 convoyed with celority, certainty and security,
tho sons of Erin. .During the war of the revolution 235,248 miles in length; annual transportation, 70,
thousands of Irishmen deserted the standard of; otO,095 miles: annual cost, $7,331-, 499. During
King George and enlisted uder that of Washing-; tn0 ycar raiiroad routes Voro increased' in longth
; ton, and their loyalty and love lor tile cause of free-1 5 359 mnos lxm n C08 $971 GS1- Steamboat
dom was in no single instance called in question, routes were increased 2.080 miles in lensth, and
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nereasod cost of
ncrcasc over the prc-
. ITK. A.t IT.rt vmr 4-Vfrn i-l tllflt tl 1 C C - I f 3 W M. .- r r 1
watOMCr WHO fiaS OCen oapuzeu Hi uwjuv vj uuii, wi uuil WlU umuu wua mucuiuuuu im uioaumwuuuj COSl liiiitSi3.. Star I'OUIOS
fe'iS?; Numbering one hundred and torty-ono n length. 10,708 Milos, .t i
pLAtFomi op "OunCouNTr.Y's Defender, thousand two hundred ana twenty-one ennstea un- $919,009, There was an i
"'"' '''., der the banner of the Stars and Stripes, each man i ceding year in total length of routes Of 27,177
DVANOE reay to die or tho preservation of our institutions. at m increase in annual cost of $2,024,183:
increase jn.cot fox railway post-office clerks,; vemta.
ageuts,letc;, 'amounted to 1259,2 ithttkjnglobal
TERMS TO SUBSCRIBERS, PAYABLE
:' postage prepaid. The Irifeh Brigades who fought at Lexington, An-
Qno copy One Year- - - - 50' Gents j tietam, Malvern, Fair Oaks,nnd on many other fields
3?ive Copies, ' -. - - "" $2:00 1 wer0 UUSurpassed in valor
Ten copies, (with extra copy to gottor-up Q0 j Tll0 soii 0f America has drank the precious blood
Of Ulub,) - ftf t.hnnsnnHa nf Urtiva Trishmun. We are doinc
'-'.' . 1 .- .--... . J,. . J, I -. . " . JL. 1 .
increase m tuo cost ot tne service over cue -proceu-
For every fiaeen subscribers wo receive from any ! oursolvcS iniustiCc jf w0 ceasc to remember the sac-
narfcv we will forward our "jNATionaii j.-kliiujsj - , . . ,
Glo&cl said .party paying express charges, nfiobs of these heroes and we must feel a deep in-.
He mav send a few names at a time, at 50 cents tcrost in the land which gave them birth. ThOt
each, and when the fifteen are made up the clock present condition of If eland' calls 'for our deepest
will be forwarded. sympathy' and liveliest apprehension. Sheuis how
A specimen number of our paper sent free, on re-1 in fche tnroeS 0f a great political convulsion. 'There
quest. , V , .
Terms for advertising furnished upon application
N. B. See our article in another column in Te-
gardto forming clubs to procure " Tjib. Kational
Teibune clock' in combination with The Na-
, Washington and Georgetown.
Bf" &o Subscribers. Wlion changing your address
please give former as well as present addressf with Oounty
23T Take JSTotice.In sending money for stibserip
tions by mail, never inclose the currency except in a regis
tered letter. A postal money order or a draft on ttw
, York is tlie best form of remittance. Losses by mail will be
most surely avoided if tliesa directions arc followed.
- t3P" No responsibility is assumed for subscriptions paid
to1ag6nt$t which must be at the risk of thet subscriber.
,, iW''C6mmu7iicationst subscriptions, and letters upon al
r&iitiness matter relating to The National Tbibune,
ikould be addressed to
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE CO.,
"WaslxinBrtoaou 3. O.
appears to be a general uprising of the people,
growing out of the oppression of the landlord sys
tem. In what a melancholy situation is this un
happy land. Teeming with fertility, abundantly
able to support an enormous population, we behold
her people abandoning the country they love so
well and seeking homes in foreign lands, to avoid
the pangs of hunger and speedy death, or see them,
BejWij the city of Washington was laid out by its
immortal founder, Georgetown was a place offe8!);
sequence. -It and Alexandria, below on (theBoto
mac, shipped more Hour to home and foreigirniiar
kets than does now Xcw York city, and it was the
residence of hundreds of the old families of Virginia,
who indulged in abundant hospitality and display.
Behold the change. "Time does indeed work won
ders." Now the Capital City contains 170,000 in
habitants, while Georgetown, separated from it only
bv the little stream called Hock Creek, is a mere v'il
lajre. Soon tho anciout town will be swallowed up
.i n t ii :i r - - . i i . --ii. .
as now, preparing lor tne eonmcc witn a vicwoi ria-1 by its younger sister ana its name oe no muiu.
ding Ireland of the curse of landlordism. Nearly j There are doubtless children now living in WaHh
the whole island is owned by a few noblemen, who iimrton who will oft be asked the question by '.their
subscriptions, if you cannot get frac-
iorial currency notes, send three-cent and one-cent
F. O. stamps ; but in all cases try to get one or more
, additional subscribers aud then forward money order
v?r registered letter.
The Presidential Kesult.
NThe contest between Generals GarJfield and Han
fiocklor the Presidency has closed, and the former
lms won the prize of the Chief Magistracy. Happily
Ihe majority of the former saves us from any alarm
ing contest such as was exhibited four years ago
when Hayes and Tilden were candidates. We hope
;for great good from Garfield's administration good
ifor the Nation, good for the heroes who saved it
when in the throoB of dissolution. Beyond question
she is a man of superior attainments, and having been
Song in public life he should well understand the
needs of the country. One of the brightest points
in the character of the President-elect is his known
sympathy for the poor and lowly, and, having been
a distinguished officer in the Army, he will naturally
rfeel for and be disposed to ronder ample justice to
our soldiers. Most earnestly do we hope he will
ive the place of Commissioner of Pensions to a
wounded ex-soldier or sailor, one who can and will
closely sympathize with those of his comrades who
suffered in the bitter struggle which saved the life.
-of the Nation. By thus doing too he will be in ac
cord with the statutes of the United States and the
views of that great organization of soldiers called
'"VQjir Country's Defenders," one plank in whose
platform reads :
' Tho pensum'laws ought of right to bo administered by
a soldier who has beou baptised iu lire of battle, to tho end
that they may be liberally eoustrued and administered in
-the broad spirit of justice and liberality,
, : - JEToalth and congratulations for President Gar-Held
expend the rental of their acres in sumptuous living
in England aud on the continent. This money is
extorted through what is known as "middle men,"
who oft take tho sum total of all the earthly posses
sions of the tenant and drive him and his wife and
children from the door. It is said that these noblo
men own the lands inhabited by this poor tenantry.
Tho letter of the law may give them such property,
but how was it obtained? Why by robbery by
conquest, and after conquest dividing among cer
tain chiefs, the progenitors of the present landlords,
all the lands of tho Island. These lands belonged
to the ancestors of those who live in poverty, aye,
oft on the borders of starvation on this very soil.
We cannot write on the subject without experienc
ing feelings of deep indignation. Now, from pres
ent indications, two alternatives are presented to
the British government as to its policy toward Ire
land. I.t must be prepared to enter upon a bloody
and expensive "war with that country on its soil, or
be willing to do justice to its inhabitants and make
Ireland in feeling, as she is in law, a part of the
British Empire. The latter course Queen Yictoria
will find far less expensive and far less dishonorable.
And how shall Ireland be pacified ? By the pur
chase from the landlords by the government of
these vast estates and their allotment to the now
tenantry at very low prices, payable in installments,
running through a long series of years. This
could readily be done. Tho amount paid would not
increase materially tho national debt of Great Brit
ain. Tho act would be one in the interests of the
soundest political wisdom, and would be indorsed
and applauded by the Christian sentiment of the
children : " Father, where was that place cjyled
Georgetown I hear old folks talking about? " In re
gard to taxation, police, fire service, and sanitary
regulations, the two places are now one, and an
order has just been issued to name the streets and
number them tp correspond with those in Washing
ton. , j ..' :
Silver for Our Soldiers.
The Postal Service.
There wore in the sorvice of the Post-office De
partment the 30th of June, 1880, 5,802 contractors
for the transportation of mails on public routes.
There were also 1,857 special officers, each with a
mail-carrier, whose pay from the Department is not
allowed to exceed the net postal yield of tho office.
Of the public routes in operation there were 11,112,
aggregating in longth 343,808 miles, at an annual
cost of $18,747,991. Adding compensation of rail
way postoffice clerks, route agents, mail-route messen
gers, local agents, etc., amounting to $3,548,278, tho
aggregate cos't' of the entire service for tho 'fipcal ! heart.
The production of silver in the mines -of Col
orado and Nevada, as well as tho new ones recently
opened in Mexico, is rapidly increasing. The 'de
mands of commerce, owing to the rapid growth of
our people, will soon make it tho legal metal as a
standard of value. Now vast quantities of it fill our
Government coffers. According to the report of the.
United States Treasurer seventy-three millions of
standard silver dollars have been coined within the
last two years. Of that vast amount only thirty
four per cent, has gone into circulation ; the balance,
forty-three millions, is'in the Treasury awaiting Con
gressional legislation. Some writer who appears to
be postod on the subject estimates there arc eight
hundred wTngon loads thus hoarded up and of no
more U3e to the people, as a circulating medium, to
push on tho prosperity of the country, than eight
hundred loads of old iron. Well, what should be
done with this dormant silver ? Why, let it be used
to pay some of our just debts to the soldiers, es
pecially that due under the Equalization Bounty bill,
that ought to have been passed years aud years ago.
What groat good would this specie, now idle and
worthloss in Government vaults, do to our soldiers
all over the country ; howT it would start the wheels
of business in hundreds of localities. Now is tho
time at this session of Congress-to put this bill
through, for, as Senator Morton said in his great
speech on tho subject :
Mr. President, justice to tho soldiers cannot always bo
deferred. It must and will triumph some time. If it does
not come this Congress it will corao at some other Congress,
It is a part of tho wr debt, as much as tho 5-20 bonds Or
10-40 bonds. It is founded on tho same principle of justice.
It is is an obligation resting upon this Nation, and if it
takes $20,000,OU0, or $50,000,0(j0, can make no diuorouco.
Itis a dobt this Nation honestly owes' and it ought to bo
paid. In other words, let tho bounty bo equulized ; put
all honorably-disohargod soldiers upon tho samo basis;
pay main uu uiu mum jum. j-uu mw wh -" , uw
justice oit no man can disputo, and that is all that this,
bill con.tompiates, l am,i(or ic, jl voio iyr ii.,.)yuuuii my