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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE.
(Satored at tlio PoBt-Offloo at Washington as ai-ciMMwM
of 1880 and its
Washington, D. 0., Dbobmbeb, 1380.
mid for Us
"To care for 7dm who 7uia borne ? battle,
widow and orphans." ABIiaham uiw.
Tto validity of the public debt of the United States
eu(toriedivitotoiiB interred for payment
fpmsfoiand bountie for f.JTol K
Jionor rebellion, sJutll not toQ:n Si' AU
hIyiv constitution ok tuk United Statics.
""&,"".. mwM V rtoM to yj?ZTi
ia-oUlicr who hit boon, baptised in tit fire of battle, to
Lwrt , tj irond 7mf of justice and liberalwj.
bred in ? roiu oouKTiiv'B Dbfkndbbs.
As our readers know Tnu National
is not, nnd is not intended to be, a political paper.
We do not choose to give any partisan coloring to
our editorials. We know that tho soldiers, who arc
our constituents, havo friends, and truo ones, in both
political parties- Yet it seems proper and natural
onough to record tho result of tho great conflict
through which the country has passed, and to give
our host guesses as to the future.
Tho Republican party in tho late contest appeaieu
chiefly to the sentiment of Nationality ; a scnti-
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r registered letter.
Good ITews About the Equalization Bounty Bill
Tcr rinfnnVi TTrm jnhn R. Thomas, of 111!
Hm T5 UIlUCiai.UU.UL JU.VM W w- --
meut which was intensified aud made general, by
tho mirnoses. aims, conflicts, and results of tho late
civil war. It is beyond all doubt that never in all
tho history of our country was this feeling of one
ness this sense of nationality so strong among the
masses of the American people. Tho narrow lines
of counties, cities and States, were, and are, over
passed by the strong affection and fervent faith for
tho flag and the country.
Most men realize that the power which has tho
lawful right to take them from their homes to fight
its battles, is and must be tho supreme power of the
land. And when in addition to the power which
can command these err eat sacrifices, there is a hearty
readiness on the part of the citizens to fulfill such
commands, when lawful authority is supplements
by loving obedience, then the National feeling is
fully displayed. Such was the case in the war of
the Rebellion, such is the state of teeimg now.
Every sacrifice made, every duty performed, every
life given, was the seal and the assurance of Na
tional supremacy and National perpetuity.
The Republicans relied upon thissentiment, and
since the close of the war all their presidential can
didates have been men who did their jshare in the
Grant, Hayes, Garfield, all won their spurs and
4-,ft ;ToiYnio nf ApIp rank in the active service of
the United States on the field of battle.
James A. Garfield, of Ohio, the next President of
the United States, is a growth of strictly American
soil, a product which no other country can bring
forth. There is scarcely any grade of honest life
so low that he has not touched it and been of it.
There is scarcely any depth of honest hard-working
poverty that he has not personally and thoroughly
known. There is scarcely any eliort to raise men
from this condition that ho has not tried and endured.
His native qualifications, physical and mentalt
have been hardened, toughened and strengthened,
by early grapples with the rudest destiny, and
strength for future advance was only assured by
conquest of present obstacles. The value of things
was taught him by what it cost to gain them. The
beggarly rudiments of education offered to the poor
his heart an American, and ho will assume execu
tive power with tho most thorough preparatory
ftMifnini rtfnr.tr mor. nnw livinfi-. with an experience
1 VLUHIAMAALL VJL UU T UtUU -. "V ? '"OJ " A
ISthiimp. -.!. t? r1 mAM fn r-rnnnlunnv nnd with DQWCTS
,niuu" 1 iiiviu iriuu uu uiuiu ii4 vu.K) "- -
fully adapted to judicious exercise of his high
The laboring classes of this country will hail Bhn,
for ho has boon of them, aud i3 not ashamed of it.
Tho teachers will stand by him for that most hon
orable profession was adorned by him while it (re
mained one of tho stages of his progress.
The soldiers of the Nation recognizo him as an
honorable and well-desorving comrade in the great
The educated and cultured intellect of the
country count him as one of theirs.
The statesmen of tho time whether party asso
ciates or not hold him in the highest esteem, and
expect much from him in his new position. In
short, his nature and experience of lifo touch more
sides of our many-sided society than any other man,
and ho starts upon his new duties, with these
Wo have much to expect from him and wo have
little to fear. The balanced brain that has borne
the changes of his life, will not faiL him now in this
supreme trial The broad and generous sympathies
that have distinguished his character, will imd lull
play and wide scope ia this field of larger usefoi
ness. He is emphatically a man to bo trusted, and wo
have no fear but that his administration will properly
crown the column ot his life, and round on tno
whole with complete and graceful fitness.
Especially may the soldiers, his comrades in tho
great cause, hope that their wants and wishes will
receive patient hearing and favorable consideration
I . . . . -. Ml A-
and that the head of the JNation will never iorgec
the wounded and disabled, the widow and the or
" The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are tho
hands of Esau."
flift all-powerful kevs to an unlimited advance.
7 f VS A.JL4.A.WA. IV .- V -' " T W
nois, has reported a bill from his Committee favora- Sobriety, rigid economy, and hard work broke up
ble to the equalization of bounties. We hope at an
early date to report the passage of the bill in the
Over, and over and over have we requested cor-
Tespondents, when writing, to give their P. 0.,
Oounty, and State, and yet many are still delin
quent in this respect Now, how is it possible for
us to answer letters or send papers when we don't
' know where to address them ?
The Geddes Pension Court Bill Petition,
We have explained this bill thoroughly before. It
will, if passed, prove a great blessing to the soldier.
If you are in favor of it, we will send a petition for
yon and your comrades to sign, to be forwarded to
your member sf Congress. Send immediately. See
form of the petition for it and against the Sixty
Surgeon Bill in another column.
Petition Against the Sixty Surgeon Bill.
Por four years the soldiers havo steadily fought
against Bentley's Sixty Surgeon Bill. Now, the
Commissioner proposes to again bring it up, right
after the holidays. Every soldier opposed to it
wanting a petition for himself and his comrades to
sign, to be sent to his and their representative in
Congress, can have one, on writing immediately to
tikis ofiice enclosing stamp. You will see the form
4jLHm petition in smother column.
When an officer of the United States, of high posi
tion, takes the field in proper person, and, with all
the panoply of official armor, expressly and avow
edly for the purpose of creating "public opinion " in
favor of a particular measure, devised and pressed
by him on Congress, it is a spectacle, fortunately
rare, but undoubtedly disreputable.
Yet the Commissioner of Pensions has devoted
much of his valuable time to this style of work. He
has delivered his lectures with as much pretense
of candor as if the whole proceeding was not part of
an electioneering scheme to press his unwise biU
and to compel his own retention in office for four
years more. But this is but tho outward aud visi
ble part of the scheme. He knew very well that
the State Encampment of the Grand Army of the
Republic for the State of Pennsylvania had con-
mat's child forty years ago, were seized and made demned, by resolution, his " Sixty Surgeon Bill,"
uotn in me ueuuis auu m wo jjimvjyio mrViv.f
and that similar action had been taken by the other
State Encampments. To change tho hostile atti
tude of this body and to convert them from avowed
antagonism into apparent friendship, would, in his
opinion, largely advance the chances of the passage
of his bill.
In casting about for the means to bring about
this end, he made repeated visits to Philadelphia,
placed himself in close relations with the comman-,
der-in-chief and adjutant-general of the Grand Army
at headquarters, and the result of his presence, of
his pressure and his "winning" ways, can be seen
in General Orders No. 11', issued from the head
quarters of the G. A. K, December 1, 1880, and th
printed memorials and petitions accompanying that
For some reason satisfactory to them, theBe high
officers think proper to adopt for themselves, and to
recommend for adoption by the several Posts of tb
Grand Army of the Republic "acting officially," tl
Senate bill No. 49 G, as adopted by the Senate Com
mittee on Pensions. Por the same roasons, what
ever they may be, thoy put this recommendation
not in the form of a circular for information but in
the shape of an official general order, signed by
them, not as individuals, but in their official cap-v
citv In pursuance of the same plan thoy transmit
with tho order itself certain printed memorials, to
be adopted by each Post, and with instructions to
close up the transaction before the 1st of Jaaarcry,
1881, and to forward one copy to the Senator, on
to the Representative of the State or coMgrenawaal
the rigid environments of poverty and steadied
the course of his young ambition. Orphan, but for
his admirable mother; poor, except in will, courage,
and intellect; hard working as child, as boy, as
young man, as full-grown, he always gave himself
fully to the one thing he had to do.
Day laborer, farm-hand, teamster, student, teacher,
professor, lawyer, volunteer soldier, colonel, general,
Representative in Congress for sixteen years, Sen
ator, and President elect, in each and every one ot
these stages along the glorious line of his ate march,
the same qualities, the same characteristics are
In this varied and hard-working life he has been
a part of all the varied life of this country. He
has seen and known all sorts and conditions of men.
The circles of the educated mind of this country
are open to him, for he has fitted himself to be of
In his long service in tho House, he has seen tho
vast changes that have occurred since 1864. Every
step in tho legislation of the Nation since that time
ho thoroughly knows, and all the great actors in
the drama. He has helped in all the measures
which have brought us from the verge of bank
ruptcy to the fulness of Natioual.credit. There are
few measures of importance in that long period,
which do not boar his impress.
And thus by processes impossible in any other
country, the barefooted but stalwart boy of forty
xranra aiWA ia nnw tho foremost man in the Renub-
. j UU1H U4.kw " " - 4-
lie Ho cannot therefor but-bo-to the vorrcocaaf