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j .$ $itoilhhj ionnutJ devoted to the 'Mhrhf irihrs, and im,'!iotMX ojf the $mtcd tnte$, litid Ihe instruction b( the, Suniity $irch.
jrv PubllHiuHl fcy Tiio ..,
NATIONAL TRIBUNE COMPANY
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.1- t lf.."','y ; ,
Vol.v7; Ho. 1.
' "! i 1' p.' i.
AVASHIFGTOF, D. C, J AFP ART, 1881. j
Jftt,ti$ attordtng to act Of CbnyrtM. (n tho vtttf of our Lord, iSM, In the OJfce r thi Uflrarlan of Congrat, at rra$hngton, D 0.
TIDH1W S, 3TISTY CBN.TS PEE. XBAEi
Specimen, uoptos sont Free on Request.
THE STAR SPAHGLED BAISTMEB.
Its History and tho Song.
fr Tn the, month of August, 18 A the country hung on Lbc
verge of ruin. Our army, led by Dearborn, Hull, and
"Winder, was diminishing under a succession of deplorable
reverses. In the midst of the gonoral gloom Lord Cook
burn enters the Chesapeake With a fleet of twenty sail,
and makes quick ndvanco on AVashington. He outers the
Capitol, ascends the Speaker's chair, and
"I beg your pardon, sir, a hundred times I thought yoii '
jro going to run ! " said the now delighted oflicor, as he
tion to his soldiers
puts the qucs-
Shall this harbor of Yankee deuioc-1
racy bo burned?" " Yes I Yes V cry a thousaud voices ,
and flames rife all over the city and the Capitol is in rums. ,
Cockbn.ni now turns his course on Baltimore, nud pre
pares for the bombardment of the fort. Meantime, a little '
vessel, guided by a bravo young man, anil bearing a white (
nag pi truce, snoots out trom underneath tlio guns 01
Port Mollenry, aud glides like a bird down the broad, bay
directly to the flag ship of tho enemy's squadron . That
man is Francis Scott Key. He goes to intercede for the
deliverance of his dear old friend Dr. Barnes. Cookburu
detains him. The squadron forming a vast semi-circle,
moves as if to grasp and crush the silent fort. Key's
boat is kept astern the flagship of tho admiral, himself a
prisoner, and ho hears the booming of the cannonading
on the shore. Ho sees the lingering sunbeams on the 18th
of September fade away beneath, the forests in the west ;
ho sees tho heavy clouds come rolling over tho waters Of
the bay, and he marks the mighty preparations for the!
onset on winen Jiangs the destiny ot our nation, All, i
look! and now tho globes of fire cast lurid gleams'
upon the iuky clouds above tho waves are flashing;
in tlie nam cm below I All through the 'thundering
crash of that long, horrid night Key stands in his
light ski if, gazing at tho floods of tire, shaken by the
tempest to tho very vergo of doom. At last the jl re-balls
cease to flanio across the bay ; all is dark and still once
more lias the fort struck her flag? Oh, what an hour
of agony ! With straining eyes Key waits find watches
for the 'first gleam of breaking day. Now tho clouds roll
shy, the dawn is trembling on the headlands, the mist is
clearing, aud there, just rising dimly from' the ramparts,
through the gray veil of morning, Koy discerns the dear
old stripes and stars still waving! Snatching an old
letter from his pocket, he lays it on a barrel head, aud
while the flag is in his eye, the fiery tides of liberty cours
ing, through his soul, ho writes tho song bold, warlike,
andfmajestio : .
Oh I say, can you coo, by t ho dawns early light.
What so proudly wo hulled uttho twilight's Inst gloaming?
Whoso broad tripes and bright stars, through the perilous light,
O'er tho ramparts w watched were so gallantly streaming ;
And thOrockot's red glare, tha bombs bursting in atr,
Gave proof through thu night that our iiiig was still thero.
Oh I say, docs the star spangled bannor still wave
O'er tho land of tho froo and the home of tho bravo?
On the shore, dimly seen through tho mists of tho deep,
. -. Where the foe's haughty host In dread silonco roposo .
."What is that which the breeo o'or tho towering atoep,
As it fitfully blows, half couoonis half discloses Tf
Now It catohos the gleam of thu morning's first beam,
In full glory reflected, now shines on tho stream. v
'TiSithc star-spangled bannor, oh, long may 'in 'ware
O'er tho land of the free and tho home of tho, bravo.
And vrliero is tho band who so vaunMngly svoro
That tho hfiYoaof war aud the battle's confusion -
A homo and a country would leave us no nioro?
Their blood has washed out thoir foul footsteps' poiution.
No refuge eou id savo tho hireling and slave
)row tho i error of light or tho uloom of tho grave,;
And tho star spangled bannor In triumph dotli wave
O?or the land of tho froo and the homo of tho bravo.
Oh I Urns bo it ever when freoinon shall stand
Uetweou their loved homes and war' dosolittton ;
messed with victory nud penco. may tho Juiaveh rescued land
Praiso the Power that has made 'and preserved us a Nation.
Thou conciuor wo must, when our cause it is just,
AjidUhls bo our motto" In God is our trust
And tho star spangled banner la triumph shall wavo -O'er
tho Innd of tho lroo'tind tho home of tho bravo.
gig,' and tho officers were watching the tide very impa- impertinent .questions, Mr. Doolittle," said the captain,
biuuuy iur its Guru. quicwy.
l'resttiitly boa waif appeared at tho ond of the wharf.
Tho young captain sprang into his boat am id the applause were
of hundreds of citizens who had gathered there to seo the hastened to obey tho order.
privateer go to sea, and in a few momonts ho was on "Double-shot with grape and canister gunners to your
board his vessel.. !. stations 1" cried the captain, now determinedly. "Men,
With a clear, buglo-liko voice which needed no trumpet, j mako no noise when I announce it, but within an hour
the young commander shouted : J that sloop-of-war shall strike her flag, or we'll go down
"Man the capstan bar5, lads, and run the anchor up i with our's flying ! When she is taken the merchantmen
with a will. Standby the-jiib aud flvimr-iib halyards ! will bo easy prizes. "
---' .rJtJ w w
hiv thn hnnrlvuvHa nhnnlr ! "
His orders wcro obeyed readily.; and in a few momonts
the second officer, who stood on the forecastle looking
oven he bows, cried ;
'She's broken ground, sir ! ''
''Very well, sir, run up the jib and flying-jib, and haul
the sheets to the starboard man tho top-gallant and top
sail and halyards ! Round with the capstan, meu, and
run the anchor up the bows !"
A moment later, and the headsails up, the eve ring bow
of tho schooner proved her to be all awoigh, and then
came the order :
"Shoot homo, and hoist away topsail and ton-srallant wbnn cb fitwi n shnt. frnm. nnn .nf hnr Win- mmc
sal1!' . . . M Show them our colors and name!" cried tho
i nis was clone, ana as the tore-aiui-att sails, already up,
filled, the schooner began to gather headway. Then as
she fell oil" before tho wind, which was far out of the har
bor, hor square sails filled, and she shot ahead within
creased velocity. The crowd on shore, looking with de
light at the splendid vessel, and gladdoned, too, at the
thought ot tier en and, rent the air with cheers
Had they not been cautioned, the men would hav
cheered so loudly as to bo heard on board of the sloop-of-war.
After the drags were rigged and lowered over tho side,,
held by stout hawsers and not seen because sunkhoneath
the water, the schooner did not go more than three knots,
although under a full spread canva she seemed to ba
running away from her antagonist, which could now be
seen coming up hand, oyer hahdher decks crowded with
men, and her ports showing a battery of twenty-four guns.
. On she came, the red cross of St. George flaunting from
horpeak, until sho was wthin nearly a milo of the schooner,
captain, while his pale face flushed with a smile of terrible.
1 It was done in an iustant ; but tho vessel's "head wastnot
changed nbr a sail touched..
Rapidly tho Englishman closed up, heading a little to
leeward, so as to range under her larboard beam. v
" Crouch woll behind tho bulwrrks, men; stand by your
jNover was a craft in better battle trim on deck, below! wiimivrl nns. lmfc iUntii nMi n mnfnh nnHi fbo nri
or aloft, than the privateer, after Sea waif had got her rig-; comcs gm my lips. depress your cuns so as to takehor
s'o "JuwwiiK.'u. wousuiuus tunc no was reaay to meet any betweeuAviud and water
ioo or ins tonnage and weight ot metal, lie boldly headed )
on irom tne coast lor the track ot tho inward-bound ves
sels from England.
One morning soon after, he was at breakfast in his
cabin, with the first officer and the doctor young Mor
ly, tho second officer, bting in charge on deck.
I5ujt each o) them bounded from tho table as they heard
lout, "Sail, ho!" from the lookout at the top-gallant
"Whore away, and What does
yoimg Atony, m reply. .-.
Seawaif and his comnanions held
"vu m um uiirvui .
she look like ? " cried
their breath and lis-
Sail-trimmers, stand to your
sheets andbraces, and be ready for orders." :
Those orders given. Captain Seawaif, took his position
on tho larboard side of the quarter-deck, and with ill-conr
cealed delight saw tho Englishman range along; until sjho
was almost at earn.
' ' Haul down your colors, or I'll sink you ! Strike, yon
Yankee robot, strike! " shouted the English captain, who
stood on the poop of his vessel in full uniform, steadying
himself by holding on to the, mizzen rigging.
"I'm just, goiug to strike not my colors, but you,'r
! cried Seawaif, sarcastically, instantly giving his ordor to
pour m a whole broadside.
it was done with terrible eltect, ior the lintish had not
i ,,r ,, ....'..... mwwu '""" wvinwiw nwi
; i &ee tnree satis, sir, dead ahead; they seem square- anticipated resistance from a rebol whom they supposed
rigged, and coming rjght down before tho wind,'' was she tobo using his bost efforts to escape, and were huddled
& i-i , along tho deck on the side next the schooner, and'wero
"English men, aud making for the coast, I'll wager ray j cut down in fearful Swaths. Aud as the sails were little
hrst prize-money ! said the captain, as he hurried on injured tho sloop-of-war shot ahead, so that sho was past
uutviv. j fj1Q cnlinnnnr hatnro clin nnnlrl vofnrn tliA llrnnnsuin
"John Cull's men, bo gar I shall got my instruments I Cut away tho drags; spring to your starboard battery
.ready for amputate ! " cried the delighted doctor, a ', throw in chain shot as well as grape and cut hor stic
away 1 ' ' cried Seawaif.
"So will I j "said Mr. Doolittle, the first oflicor, as he Then ordering the helm up, as the schooner's headway
buckled ou his sharp, but short cutlass, aud followed his , jnrecased, he veered oif athwart tho stern of the sloop, and,
commander on deck. I Jls the guus came in range, delivered a raking tiro, which
.Urn breeze was fresh, aud the sohoonor with only her nofc only swept her decks, but, cutting away her masts,
lower sails and topsail sot, was going off to the eastward i crippled her completely.
on a tout bowling, her top gallant and royal yards pointed j He then hauled on a wind, determined to pepper .her
to the wind, and her larboard tacks aboard. Thero was j untn she would "strike," and not -wishing to lose any men
quite a heavy sea rolling, aud, as she pitched into and at close quarters, if ho could help it. But he had noocca-
mruuga iv, sue turew tno snowy toam over ner prow al-1 Bi0n to use his guns auy more ; for suddenly, with a
mow as mgn as iter lorotop. j wbich shook tho sea and air like an earthquake,
see au clear tor action, ioro and aft ! Kcof preventer I fUtad craft was seen to fly in fragments, amid a
biays anu braces 1 rlave tho spare spars cleared away ! smoke, into tho air.
A SEA STOBY.
It was, in the year 1770. The red sun had just como up
out of the Atlantic, and nowT brightened tho slightly rip
pled waters of Salem harbor. Tho sails Of tho Tyrannicide,
privateer, Captain Seawaif, had been loosed, hor cablo
hpyo short, and sho only waited for tho change of tho tide
te co'mmenco hor cruise.
She' w'as, for that era, astonishingly clipporisji, raking
in sparks, sharp in hull, and calpulated for carrying an as
tonishing quantity of canvas. Her ,rig was that of a two
topsail sohoonor, her lowor masts being very long and
heavy, so as to carry largo fore-and-aft sails. Her bur
den appeared to bo about 300 tpns. Sho was pierced for
eight twenty-four-pound carronades on a side; a long brass
thirty-tvyo poundor, wprkiug on a pivot, shoue bright as
Sold between her masts, mounted high enough to work
or iianlmook nettings. Around her masts could bo soen
the gleam oC boarding.pikes and, battlo-axes. At hor
main-mast a blood-red flag floated out, bearing tho mot
to, "Deatli to Tyrants 1 " At tho raaintruck another rod
flag 'b.oro the name of Uio sobopner, ''The Tyrannieido,"
Her figurohoad was a sorpeut striking his fang into tho
heart of a man who wore a crown. Taking hor altogether
sho was indeed a dangerous, and saucy-looking craft, cal
culated to both sail and fight woU Upon hor deck many
men could be fieon, showing that, if she had "teoth," sho
had also strength to use thorn.
, Al(ofjhQr boatjj had been hoisted upon the captains'
, . - r...w t,..w w.vst.vv. ....v-j , SsUlUlrwU, 1UW U1U H.
winners iook to your children : thev mav have nlavsoon ! , whnf h. w .;,if rt- ine;rt nnn ii fu . Wnf i
Boarders and pikemen, see that your tools aro in their j somo way the powder in tlio magazine had been ignited,
places! cried tho captain, cheerfully, as he came on j and she was blown to atoms. '
deck; and then ho soized a spyglass, aud scanned the! Prompted by humanity, Captain Seawaif ordered the
TCf 1s,S-fc I helm up, and steered for the spot where the sloop-of-war
What do you mako out, sir, if you ploaso?" asked ! had been, in hopes to save some surviving person of his
Air. Doouttlo, whoso hopes for work and prize-money ' crew.
wore now on tho rise. j But not a living soul could ho seen. A few blackened
1 seo six vessels ; but they are too far off to mako out, 8par8 and timbers only moot tho eye.
whethor they aro armed or not," was tho roply.
"Shall tho gunners opon tho magazine, sir? " , ' ,. r, .. .''
"Yes, after tho galley firos aro put out." A dasuixq youpg follow was recently very attentive to a
The men wont to their work aud their rospeotivo sta- jouug lady who did not secretly favor his attentions, and
tions quietly, but with a choorful look, which betokened who is blessed with an observing httie brother of only a
a perfect confidence iu their vossol, and especially in their few summers growth. Iho lady s admirer was visiting
officers. bor a few days ago, when tho little chap broko into their-
Au hour passed aud tho vessels wero now hull-up-ahead, presence, and mounting tho dashing young man's knee,
yot Capt. Seawaif gave no order oither to alter hor course i sai?X ,. ,
or shorten sail. " Haven't you got a fine rdom ? "
"What about our colors, sir? " askod tho lieutenant. ! " UU, yes 1 proudly replied the dashing young lenow,
" 1 ou cau run 'em up m rolls
pull when I ordor it, Mr. Doolittle
keopmg ins glass direotod toward
Tlin iffiAmv wni'ft iirtw vlQiticr Ah tiftf. mnm tlion fcinv i
fivo miles off: but tho merchantman, obeying signals from emphasis :--' Oh, yes ; a yory fine room I "
tho sloop-of-war, which had evidently discovered tho ua
! tionality of tho sohoonor by hor rig, hauled on a wind and
! shortened sail, while the man-of-war hold her course uu-
' rlll SlMw? nP vnmo
" Take your stations for working ship 1 " oried Seawaif.
Tho men bounded to tho sheets and braoes. "Hard up tho
holm ease off tho sheets, and round in the weather-braces !"
oried tho captain.
"Tarnal thundorl you're not going to run from ono
sloop-of-war, aro you, sir?" asked tho lioutonant in ago
41 Got out and rig two spara with iron enough to suik
them, for drags ; drop one over each quarter, and ask no
i .. .;v .. r . . m . i ..u. ti - a.... . f.. .i . . i. ntii irn
to their nlacos. ready to ; v"so vu"y w omumy luuyuuu ujr uiu iuua. v-
," Siiid the cantain still mS as lltt thought, in tho circumstance an opnortunuy go
the nnnroiohin'r shins. mum ivqrauiu iiuprcb&&um uuiuo oiai.u, aio u
moustacho an oxtra twist, aud 'reiterated his reply witu
"I thought so." said tho yonug hopeful, musingly.
"But what made you think so?" asked tho young la
dy's adihiror, his curiosity by this time fully aroused.
" Because," was tho crushing reply, "sistorAJ aggie said
she liked your room bettor than your company."
A olf-Jioldor for a spoon, when temporarily filled with
any liquid, or for dropping medicine, may be made in the
simplest maimer possible, uy thrusting the handle between
tho loaves of a shut book lying on ti e table. If not high
enough, ono book, may bo piled upon another. Both hands
may thon bo used in dropping from a bottle or for making
any desired.uiixtijre, . , ,