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, rH,E HA'.. ION AL TRIBUNE.
i JaAJiM nji - i i if Iniut' I.? t miM ,
ii . ..i nil" . in .... Tiin.iia n..iii . i nit if .,
tiaMhtfaShd'ShiofcBrrfit down' on tKi project
anil the projector. ' J ' '' '
Up 'again combs the bnmrsion7:ihiling, as
usuals after defeat, and .again besioges the Senate
Committee. Again tihey examine his project,
sirikctout every word ojf bis carefully prepared Bill
and substitute one o'f'their own, which the defer
Commissioner immediately adopts.
(Badk' again comes he to the -Houso and urges
u)'piitthe Committee of Appropriation's, to piit this
bantling on as a rider on the Pension Appropriation
Bill, and anndances through the New York press
tnatrtthi's would surely bo done;
gain drops the unforeseen calamity upon' him,
and''ncithor in tho Committee nor in the House, is
this addition made.
tJXq has exposed his wounds to the public, ho has
sought to mould and shape public opinion, he has
been " ihtervieyed," at his, own request, in many'
papers, ho has sought and had all opportunities to
tell . his own partial and one-sided story to tho
public. He has used all arts and devices to keep
Hunipty Dumpty in sight, and to gather large
audiences at each display of his astounding agility
in distorting facts, in disseminating prejudice, in
assumption of special virtue.
Is fast as he is knocked down in one place; ho
htfyuinpS up in anothor, and seems almost ubiqui
tous in his travels, and universal in -his public
confidences, , . . ,
The Grand Army of the Republic denounced his
projects, but shortly lie bounds up i'u the, parlors of
the Grand officers and bothers them into an
Ho now 'boasts, in his "interviews," that the
Senate Committee on Appropriations will add this
Biihto the Pension Bill, and if continual besiege
rrientof Senators will do it he will succeed. But no
such, measure can be added to such a Bill in the
Senate, but by universal consent, and there are many
Senators who do not propose to.perniit it to be done.
But at last our slippery-friond, our unlucky, yet
vivacious Humpty Dumpty, is held in the jaws of
a solid yet business-liko committee who are direct
ed; to; examine, and mean to examine tho "business
andebnduct of the Pension Office."
We fear that his special talent will not serve
him there, and that when tho grinding of that mill
isycr, instead of the lively figure that has hitherto
been;the chief attraction of the play, his mourning
friends will, with difficulty, scoop up tho limp and
flabby remains of tho great posture master and
sconic artist of the Pension Office.
The authority which directs a great nation, and
does not specially seek the growth :and progress of
that nation, as against any and all Others, is dere
lict in duty.
If, then, as a father of a family, I prefer niy own
to any other; if as a citizen of a lown or city I tttimti
at its advancement ; so, as an America'VI prefer4 i
uie auvaniago or tiue.iUiiori.can, people, xue growxnri
of .Anie'rican industries cm 'precisely the , fl1nc1
principles. .'.'.,, 1 . ,
As a new people wo commenced our 'career,
with a .sparse population, thinly scattered along the
undeveloped slopes of tho Alleghanies. Byrigid:
rulesby hard , laws, Great Britain had kept down
all manufactures in the colonies 'Wo had hot the
population, we had not the division of labor, w&
had not tho trained intelligence1 to handle cventhe
commonest manufactures for ourselves. There Was
iron and coal to move the world, bub wo did not
know it. There was water-power unlimited, but it
was idle. We had been trained to look to Europe
for our manufactures and to,' pay her prices for
them. In a very few places, weak attempts wore
made to organize home industries, but they were
not successful. The embodied capital of England,
aiced by tho habit of believing in the superiority of
British skill and the honesty 'of British, workmen,
oppressed and broke down the -nascent enterprises.
"When the war of 1812 occurred; we found by bitter
experience the absolute dependence we were in for
the necessities, both of peado and of w'ar, oh tho
very nation with which yewere engaged in hostil
ities. D urine this war. bv the force of absolute ne
cessity, we wero driven into manufactures. At its
close it became necessary to- adapt our system of
things to the new conditions. The first stops to
the sound doctrine of protection to American indus
try were the results of the bitter experience of the
war of 1812.
Our statesmen of that day undertook to create on
this continent a system of manufactures which
should supply the United States with the necessa
ries of life. This was done by discriminating duties
in, the tariff duties vhicli gave an advantage to the
home manufacturer against the foreigner. Under
j this stimulus and tathis protection, the inventive
spirit of our people obtained full scope, and from
CTnnll llflmnn!iin U ., ,,! r1n,rJ'nnmnnf nnr nn ! J
&, uj 6uu uo.o 6 uF Xe. nailg are fftc chcaper nQW thm GyQXf fQ!. there
covered the country with wellrpeopled villages,
with great cities, with lines of railway. It is this
growth of the mauufacturipg population which has
relieved our agriculture; it is this whicli has
The American System of Protection to
' - Manufactures.
kAmong. all civilized people there is a war con
fiCaiit, continuous, unceasing. This war is not car
riecLon by bodies of armed men. Neither cannon
nor musket nor any device of military force is used
in this war. It is not a conflict of force against
force. . Ordinary wars are transiont, short-lived,
tempestuous. They devastate but for a time, and
then comes peace. But in this conflict the opposi
tion and tho struggle never cease. The cause of
the conflict ,is undying. Tho ro wards of tho tri
umph aVo long-lived.
All commercial nations, all thoso organized soci
eties which separate tho world into great familios,
are more or less parties in this general Warfare
(ho purpose of each is to strengthen itself, and
thatstrongth is generally at tho expense of one or
more of tho others.
"To bo truly independent, a nation mijst not rely
upon another nation for any of those things which
are nccossary to growth and progress; for it may
happen, as it has ofton happened, that by war or
some other cause this supply from abroad is cut off,
and' consoquonces the most disastrous result.
"TJiis same strugglo descends from the sphere of
nations to tho lesser social organizations, and it is
found in every family in tho laud. He is a poor
head.of a family who does ,not aim , at the special
advautago of his own housohold over all other
,ihatis a bad government in any municipal cor
poFatibn, city, town oryUlagq that (look nqt prefer
the advancement of its own pooplo abovo that of
its neighboring communities.
While manufacturing establishments were con-'
fined to a great extent to a special section of tho
nation, that section'' reaped those groat advantages
alouo ; but this has long since ceased, to bo the caso.
North and South, East and West, theyare spring
ing up. , ,,
, Tho South, with her great advantages of more
equal climate, 'ab'undantah'd unfrozen, yatcr power,
nearness to tho raw material, is making great
advances in the -manufacture of cotton.-; .
Tho West, with her amazing coal fields, her en
ergetic population, herrapid acquisition of wealth,
is dotting hor wholp surface with factories, and
Chicago is pressing close upon Philadelphia.
The ten years just past having witnessed a de
velopment of wonderful magnitude, and, the coming
decade will dwarf all its pre.decessprp into insignifi
cance. There is now nothing which is" tfocessary for
human life and human "progress which' is "not pro
duced in abundance and at fair prides' within these
United States, and this state of things (is tho result
of the American system of protection 'to home in
dustry. " f f f
And yet duringa1l this' tiinVthe 'regular and cus
tomary price of articles of necessity has been steadily
reduced. " . j -
. We as a people wear,.and use American products,
and, quality for quality,. as ' cheaply as 'they can be
bought in the generarmarkeis, of hpyprld.
That some 'classes of manufactures are now cor
ered by duties too high, is"true ; for the scalo ought
to vary by a gradual decline aV the business be
comes established and permanent. Yet this fact
that .any particular manufacture, is Highly ,proniable,
imhiediately increases tho' number of factories, and'
tho home competition brings -down the price 'to tlie
consumer. The' true measure of statesmanship' is
so to regulate duties that there,, shall be a healthy .
coTpetition, first, between the foreign andthe
home-made article ; and secondly, between the fac-t
tories-in thet United States.: S , . -nt.
An example may bo seen in the articlq of n'jkils, t
on which a duty has been imposed f6r many years.
There are no foreign-made nails offered for saOTif1
the United -States, nor have 'there been for years;
The duty is and lias bpen 'for years prohibit'oVy
brought a continual home market to the very doors
of our farmers. It is .this which has raised the
price of agricultural lands and, furnished consumers
for its products. Wherever hundreds of thousands
of men are engaged in mining for coal and iron ;
wherevor tho forges and foundries glow with per
petual fires there, in close vicinity, must grow up
homos for theso workers and their families. They
must bo fed -and clothed, and they are fed and
clothed, by American products brought not seldom
from great distances by our lines of internal com
merce. So in tho East and in the West, tho work
ers in wool produce in vast quantities thoso goods
mosi fitting for our pooplo and our climate the raw
material to a largo extent of our own production,
and by tho success of thoso factories new means of
wealth, now fields of employment, now and near
markets for produce are being constantly developed.
Not less than nine-tenths of tho traffic over our
railways, rivers and lakes consists of the interchange
of commodities within our own borders and among
our own people. But if there wero no diversified
industries in this nation, there would to no ex
change, for exchango means that tho things ex
changed aro different. Not one twenty-fifth of our
enormous production of breadstufls and provisions
passes out of tho United States, bub if thero wero
no workmen, no artificers, no ootHes of people en
gaged in manufactures and commerce, thero would
,The value of tho whoat orop and of tho wheat
lauds of Dakota doponds to-day on the number and
anility to purchase of thooqusumers in the United
States, and this olomont of .pmber, and ability to
purchase depends principally upon the success of
that vast homo industry which employs and sus-
I tains theso operatives.
are many factories and much home competition. '
In woolen goods of certain kinds the competition
between Eastern and Western factories is more in
tense than t.hat with Europe, and hence it isthat
some of the largest wool manufacturers of New1
England, whoso business has been built up by prxK
tection, now ask the repeal of duties, because they
say that they can easier meet the English competi
tion than. that of the West. ; i ii
There is at -. this present time no. article . of, any
sort, necessary to sustain life, to fill all the, jeal
wants ot civilization, to keep the growth of agricul
ture and the arts, to maintain a vast population to,
defond the soil and inaintain tho honor of the na
tion, which cannot be produced and is not now pro
duced within the confines of the United States. ...
By reason of this great fact, this nation is to,-day
independent, in the true sense, of all other commu
nities, for.it is self-sustaining, and this independence
is the result Of adherence to the general principles
of tho American system. ' , -
So far the effects of this plan of national growth;
have, uutil within a few years, been simply defens
ive in tho great war between nations.
In our next article wc will try to show how jit
has lately become aggressive, and has carried " the
war into Africa.,r , l " '
Hon. James ,G. Blaine.
It is now generally understood tlrnt, whoever else,
may bo in President Garfield's cabinet, this gentle
man will be his Secretary of State. Truly a wise
selection. Senator Blaine is popular with ail polit-.-ical
parties. Ho is a typical Amorican, fully under
standing the , iutorests of his country, and alive to
thoir promotion. He will allow the rights of !no i
American citizen to be invaded on foreign soil yilh-- v
put demanding the why and wherefor. We con
gratulate tho country that it will have such a patri
otic, admirablo and able Secretary of State.
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