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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE.
Feb., 17, 1881.
St. GHAm.Kft, Kaitr Oo., Ill ,
MM lor Ttaltonal Trttnmc .
PkahStu: lam ono of ttia unfbrlunntu Union Soldlors, who
lms npnlieri for a ponsion. For throo years my caso 1ms boon
boforo tho I'onslon (Jflloo. It lma oo.H mo 4-21.16 In postngo
stamps tor scouring wltwsso. nnd Kgot neco&sary ovMonoo ami
papers to tho Pension Ofltno. It has boon fourtoon yours slnoo t
commenced my search Tor this evidence. It was twelve years
before I round any of ihc parties needed. Tho regimental sur
geon was d and i continued ftearoh till I found the first funis
unt surgeon, anduftor that I round the ft rat flcrRo.int an, ono
comrade Whllo searching, I learned that seven of thoso who
could havo testified In my favor hud dlei. I sorvod two years
hearty and woll, noTcr attending a elok call during that tlmo.
Thon'l bcjcnmoalllieted with the bllllou fevor, rover aud ague,
bocumo dcafln my right ear and then hndamm stroke. At last
all my ovidonce Hoomod complete and all P-gully ncknowloduod
OV OlllCflrS in UllrJiOill couuuo ill uuuu uiuuruiik oinics. iiuw,
let mo ask a question. Suppose I am a liar or villain, or the two
surgeons, first sergeant and one private, ft so tour neighbors
and all those offioors of justice and both surgoons bofore whom I
wns OTdorsd by tho Commissioner, are they all liars and villains?
Docs it look ulf t could bribn mon,eomsof thorn fifteen hundrod
mllos away and I unable to support myself, mj wlfo unnblo
to aid mo and our fivo children ? 1 It a shame for mo to say
that tho county 1ms rendered most ol mr supp irt tor soms time ?
IT it Is a shams let that shame be placed where it belongs, upon
burs under this bill is 001, ami apportioned to tho Stales as
Alabama, 8: Arkansas, 5; California o; Colorado, 1;
Connecticut, 4; Dolawaro, 1; Florida, 1; Georgia, 0; Illi
nois, 19; Iowa, 10; Indiana, 12; Kansas, 0; Kontuoky, 10;
Louisiana, 0; Maine, 4; Maryland, 0; Massachusetts,
11; Miohigan, 10; Minnesota, 5; Mississippi, 7; Missouri,
18; Nebraska, 8; Novada, 1; New Hampshire, 2; Now
Jersey, 7; Now York,21 ; North Carolina, 8; Ohio, 19;
Oregon, 1; Pennsylvania, 20; Rodo Island, 2; South
Carolina, 0; Tennessee, 9; Texas, 10; Vermont, 2! Vir
ginia, 9 ; West Virginia, 4 ; and Wisconsin, 8. 4As com
pared with the present number of members, this bilt makes
tho following losses andgains; Arkansas,' California, Iowa,
Miohigan, Mississippi, South Carolina aud West Virginia,
gain 1 each; Kausas gains 8; Texas i; Minnesota and
Nebraska g.iin 2 each ; Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Hamp
shire, Maine, Indiana, Tennessee, Florida and Vermont,
lose I each ; and Now York loses 2.
The Florence Cemetery!
Ln an awar to a correspondent, wo furnish tile in
the present head ol tna ronsion uinoe, anut.no power tnai Keeps r. . , . ., fnl.m- inff .
him In plnoo. With a constitution s'mtton'd. haltlL-'forever formation COIlVGyoU 111 the tOllOWUlg lottor :
rone, abundant evidence that 1 doserv a pension, I nm dented - nCTrr,r. r, wuv TST ifnm?: vt nr?vwvwnr
ft, Twenty yoars ago tho soldier wro pOttod and prism!, now OFFICE OF THK JNATrONAL ULMMBUT,
thuv unnonr to bo fojsakon. When sluitl vra huro a man at tho
laead of the Pension Otllcu who will do us Justice?
WitLt,8 Hafoa, UtsbooOo., N. Y., Feb. 10, 1SSI.
JSditor National Trtbuno :
DrarSik: I desire to statu a few fnots thl may roach the eyO
of John A. Bentlcy, tho man who cannot lmro a heart In sym
pathy with the thoao who saved this Nation men whom wo
Bhon'ld honor and respect, Oan money atone for life? Un It pay
for lossofhetilth? Tho writer ortiioao linos t no stranger to
Lliunerllsof vrar. lie 1ms stood befo
non. Was it for tho small sum or.)18
that was nonr and dear to mo to mar
the army 1 No, no, norer. Oh, my old comrades, it tlio present i statiuer the recriment and company to which ho belonged.
iii mi ninnnn iv nr tita noin nnnn nn . - f . . ...t. .. r l" j:.. i.
we may be able to lurnisu you luiormaiiou regaruiug uis
Washington, D. C, January 10, 1881.
Editor of The National Tribune :
Srn : In reply to your letter of tho 8th instant you arc
informed that there is a national cemetery at Florence,
S. 0., in which are buried tho remains of Union soldiers
who died in prison at that place. Their gravos are
marked with marble headstones, with names of thoso
identified inscribed thereon. Ol these, however, thoro
are but few, aud tho graves of the "unknown," which
ro tho mouths of rebel can-. oomnriso tho trruater uortton. aro marKca only witn mar-
por month that I lea all i illf, ,i,,ni, hi.nrinfr msorinLion of the uunibor of crrave.
?. 1,, "Ji'0.!0?.3 ' S?,"7. VLUi 1 Tf vnn rjin mv us the uiimo of tho soldier referred to.
Commissioner of Pensions could be nlacod where we haveboon.on
tho battle-Hold, hear tho walls und erios and groans of the dying i " iU,v- , . ,
and wounded, 1 think ho would feel differently tnwird us. tfever I pulCO of burial.
can I fonrot ono at Pleasant Hill, April ff, 1H04, if I was io live a
thousand years. Such exclamations as tho following are still
ringing In my cars : " Oh ! for GodM sake bring me some water."
"Whore i the Twenty fourth Iowa?" " lonl, whore is tho
Fourth Toxas ? " ' Uorao, Twentieth Arkansas, bring mc somo
fire I'm freezing." " My God, I'm dying 1 Oh ! where aro there
any Fifteenth Illinois ? " A lltlo further on and you hear a mut
tering voice : " Forward, men, for vraid there they aro 11 ro on
thorn He down there they come, up and after them charge -there
thev go, follow them " Theso words come from one in tho
carb of a ncild nflioer. Tlioro ha lies with a ghastly wound in his
head now hi gasps and expiree. 'I he man who is witness to
scones like thsso understands what a aoldler is called upon to
pass through. Such an one ought to be the OommiS3loaor of
Pensions and th5ii his heart would not bo cold nnd stere, at the
xecltal of what a soldier auifored.
Yours truly, EX-SOIiDIiSR,
Oawtozt, Pa., Feb. 11, 1881.
Editor of the National Tnbujic:
Dkak $ik: I have just heard from our great G. A. R. Oonven
tion at. Pittsburgh, Pa. Wo sent delegates, ilr Bontloy was to
appear there and deliver ono of his strongapeechos, but hofailod
to connect probably because bo learned that less than one
fourths of tho Post organizations were in favor of his great Med-loo-Legai,
Federal nnd Confederate Invalid Corps. I tell you
thatalthough the most of the old veterans havolost their health,
they have not lost tho uao ot their brains yet, and many of them
really believe that If an able votcran were placed In the Pension
Office who was disposed to do full justice as far as ho knew
how thatif ho wou.d throw oxit the old colonels and keen noth
ing but good, sound, honest material forclorks, and try aud uso j
tho old laws once In a whilc.and really try to do the talr thing i
harmony would prevail and justioo too. Tho law now in forco
appears to bo good enough for us to conform to, but tho other
afifn wnnt srtTrtnt.hinir n 1 1 r.t 1 n strnTurnr to hrjtco them un. Mr.
Hentlcy appears to bo able topurohaso tho influence ofour Grand t vrho sent us 5Jo cents lor tho UattlG Jsook wo Had not en
HSffSST Tc&rlIS&V& I couragement enough to publish, and who awantittcd to
hands, but when lie calls on na to adopt his views and catl him i saia i:o cents or aix muuuib buusunpuiuu wjuihi uiisuajs.
our leader bo certainly takes the wro.g pig othe ear. Wo nd- j Write your wishes about the matter :
um that we nave lost our manly strengin, out we iuito noi lost '
our Drains, and .whllo woliavo them mere i$no oiianceot nis over
becoming our apostle, even, If he controls all the Gi'and Lodge of
ficers from Maine to Texas. Yours truly,
Vorv resDectfully, your obedient servant,
F. F. BENJA.MIN,
Capt. and A. Q. M. U. S. Army, in chargo of National
A Soldier's Well-deserved Hebuke.
We extract tho following from a letter to Thk Tiubune
from a soldier living at Moweaqua, Illinois :
Iu all tho courts of justice and equity in this country
save one the Pension Bureau the accused is regarded
as boing innooont until his guilt is clearly shown by ev
idence. In the Pension Ofiico tlic reverse is the case. In
the eyes of tho honorable Commissioner tho act of
merely presenting a claim for what is justly due a dis
abled soldier aud for tho payment of which Congress
has made ample provision, constitutes tho soldier a fraud,
a cheat, and a perjured villain. A remedy must aud will
bo fouud for such a state of things as I allude to, but it
cannot bo fouud in the civil service reform prated about
bo much. ComradoB, let us have your suggestions as to
The Battle Book.
The following named persons are the remaining ones
The following letter is akin to very many more wo are
now receiving :
Dauphin, Pa., January 22, 1881.
Editor of The National Tribune :
Sm : I have been a subscriber to Thk IjTatioitaii
Tiubunk for two years, and I would not bo without it
for any reasonable consideration. Also, TnK Tribune
clock, which I have had in uso for ono year, and can rec
ommond it its a good timekeeper. In response to your
query in tho October issue : "Would you like to have
the paper wTeekly ?" Yes ; most emphatically yes ; let us
have it weekly, aud if it costs two dollars, let us have it.
I trust in tho near future you will bo able to furnish us
with Tiik Weekly Tribune. Inclosea please find fifty !
cents for renewal of subscription. Wishing you stil
.greater success wit'i your paper, 1 remain yours truly,
HENRY FJUNK, Ex-soldier.
Men Employed to Crush tho Rebellion.
American volunteers, ; 1,523,207
German volunteers 177,817
Irish volunteers 144,221
British American volunteers, 43,53 &
English volunteers, ....: ;.. 45,508
Other foreigners, volunteers, , 48,410
Drafted, .' .-...;...:.... 521,008
Iffumbor of Soldiers Buried in National Ceme
teries. White soldiers, names kuown, '. . 151,237
" '" " unknown,....,, 117,078
'Colored t( " known, ......;. r. 13,170
" " " -unknown,- ...- 20,048
Unknown and unclassified, ' 8,258
The Proposed ISTew Apportionment. "
Hon. S. S. Cox, of New York, has introduced a hill in
the JTouso of Represenatives apportioning the Represon-
, iitivoflunder the now census. The total nuinbor of mem-
C. H. Dorr, Old Forg;e, Pa.; J. M. Frazier, Metuchon,
N. J.; H. Gilbert, Conajohane, N. Y.j C. H. Haynes,
Morrisville, N. Y.j John R. McD. Cleveland, Torring
ford, Conn.; Mrs. Th'os. Richardson, Waterman, Iowa;
E. H. Lathrop, Hastings, Mich.; Dwight, Toogood,
Pleasant Grove, Minu., and David Noyes, Manchester,
What a Leading Kansas Paper says.
The Commissioner of Pensions is John A. Bentley.
Whether he is a good or bad official we do not pretend to
say, but he is a civilian aud should "not hold his position
so long as there is a competent ex-boldier liviug. No man
who was not a soldier in the United States army dur
ing tho lato war should have this or any similar office.
It is a disgrace to auy Republican administration to keep
a civilian in an office that should be filled by an ax-soldier.
For this reason at least, we hope to see Beutley
bouncod by Gen. Garfield.
We aro opposed to tho adoption of Senate bill No. 490,
known as the sixty-surgeon bill. There aro two good and
valid reasons why an ex-soldier should oppose this bill
on general principles, first it was introduced by Senator
SYithers of Virgtuia, any ex-rebel who 1ms no sympathy
with a Union soldier aud second the bill if passed will
mako rebel surgeons eligible for examining officers. Mat
ters are coming to a pretty pass when an ox rebel shall
be empowered to pass upon the claims of a Union Soldier
for a pension. Any Republican senator or represonative
who would vote for such a measure deserves to bo kicked
to death by grasshoppers aud to be dovoured by Turkey
buzzards. Bulletin, Sterling, Kas.
A Long Lost Son.
Mrs. Harriet L. Gage, of Aloxandor, Rush County, Kan
sas, wishes to find her long lost son. He was sent ono eve
ning on an errand to tho village store by his mother, liv
ing at that time in Fillmore township, Allegan Couuty,
Michigan, purchased tho things sent for and started for
home. 8inco then he has never been heard from. This
was ton years ago, and the boy, if living, is now twenty years
old. He had light complexion, blue eyes, dark brown
hair, and probably is about five feet, six inches tall, His
full name is Henry Martin Qage. Any person -who can
give any clue to tho whereabouts of this child, or auy
statement as to his fate, will greatly oblige an afflicted
mother by writing her.
A certain English general, boing at the point of death,
opened his eyes, and seeing a consultation of four physi
cians, who wore standing oloso by his bedside, faintly ox
claimed,' " Gentlemen, if you flrain platoons it's all over
with mo," and instantly expired.
Wo aro obliged to answer certain Inquiries of tho siuuo nature
In cnoh Jftnuo of our papor. While wo cheerfully furnish lufor
mutton to Htibaorlbors, In this column, wo suggest that, inuoh
labor, ttmo aud expense niuy bo avol both to bursolvos nudto
our correspondents, tf tho lafltor aud othor subscribers would
keep a file Of tho papor. They could thou, at any time, turn U
tho lUo and probably Hud the very Inquiry answered about which
they would hnvo written to us. Wo trudtthat.oaoh and ovory
subscriber will prollt by this suggestion.
Ciias. O. H., New Britain, Conn. If, as appears. to
havo been tho caso, you were mustered out and paid ofT
with your command, tho $100 original bounty was doubt
loss paid you at timo of discharge ; but if you woro away
from your command when discharged, aud without a com
plete "Doscriptivo list," it is possible, though uot prob
able, that you did not receivo tho bounty.
V. S., Dunlop, Kansab Veterinary Surgeons aro not
entitled to bounty. If you received $100 original bounty
tho paymaster who paid it was ignorant of tho rules and
regulations govorning in such anscis.
E, J., Mauckport, Ind. Your caso is not embraced
in the class referred to.
S. S. P., Hume, III. 1. Your claim ought, in all
reason, to havo been sottled by this timo aud if you havo
promptly furnished all required evidence you have a right
io oxpect a disposition of your caso at an early date. Ro
quost your member of Cougress to oall your caso to the
attention of tho Commissioner of Pensions. 2. Tho late
widow of deceased soldier, who has remarried, was on
titled to tho extra ponsion for such of her childron by him
as were under sixteon years of ago July 25, 1800, (or at
tho dato of his death if it occurred subsequent to that
date) from said dato until they respectively attained the
ago of sixteon. If, at dato of widow's remarriage, any
of tho children wcro under sixteon they may havo title to
pension from the dato of their mother's remarriage up to
dato they attained that ago.
N.N. 1. The sailor's widow would receive, after his
death, provided his doath was duo to his naval sorvico,
the rate of pension provided by law for the widow of a
seaman of his grade. As you do not give tho sailor's rat
ing, I cannot say what tho rato of widow's ponsion
would be. The widow would receive $2 a month extra
for each of the childrhn until they become sixteen years
of age. 2. Tho pensioned ex-soldier, to whom you refer,
was entitled to tho increased rating only from ihe dato of
his examination therefor. Hois not ontitlod to tho in
crease from dato of discbarge,
13. J. C, Louisville, Ky,. The quartermaster's
vouchers and thoso for services on court-martial, can bo
C. W. SM Knox Co., Tenn. Claims for property
taken bj tho U. S. Army? in States not in insurectioa dur
ing the lato war if filed prior to January 1, 1S&0, cau be
prosecuted aud collected upou the necessary proof being
E. J. Jr., Cleveland, Ohio. Tho circumstances at
tending the loss of your private horse in the service aro
somewhat peculiar, hut if you send full particulars to
somo compoteut attorney wo think you can recover. (See
advertisements in this paper.)
P. F., Third V. V. Cav. We should advise you to get
your claim for horse lost in tho service filed at once, as
there is little doubt but that the present bar to their con
sideiation will eventually bo repealed, and in that case,
claims filed will have precedence over those not pre
sented. A. T. T., Yonkers, N. Y. The pay proper of a cap
tain of volunteer infantry in 1SG5 was $60. He was al
lowed four rations (commuted), $80 ; monthly commuta
tion allowance for servant, $22.50, aggregating $118.50
a month. This would mako tho value of a ration thirty
cents. He was also allowed $10 a month additioeal for
the responsibility of clothing, arms and accoutrement,
when actually in command of company.
W. C, Meadville, Pa. Thoso who enlisted subse
quent to July 18, 1804, became entitled only to the install
ments of bounty which had accrued at tho timo of dis
charge, unless discharged on account of wound or injury
(not disease), in which eveut they became entitled to full
bounty. 1 1, appears that you enlisted for ono year and
received $001 bounty, aid, not seiving yout full term,
the third installment was not your due.
"Attorney," Denison, Iowa. Soldiers aro entitled
to twenty five cents a day for tho period they were held
prisoners of war, and a like allowance for the period
properly absent on furlough, provided they put their fur
loughs in evideuce.
. - . '
P. T., Pine Level, Fla. Under a special provision
of tho law, teamsters aro entitled to laud warrant for ser
vice in the war of 1812, tho war with Mexico, and tho
various Indian wars prior to March 8, 1855 ; also, volun
teers who served with tho armed forces but were not mus
tered into tho service aro entitled ; also thoso who volun
teered to serve during the invasion of Plattsburg, but
were not regularly mustered into the service ; but the
classes of persons above referred to aro not entitled to a
Saml. S., Cadiz, Ohio. -A law was in force until Jan
uai y 1, 1870, to pay for horses and equipments lost in
service Claims whieh were not filed in tho proper de
partment prior to that dato aro now barred. An effort
was made during last Congress to havo a law continuing
the timo for paj ing suoh olaims enacted, but tho bill did
not become a law. Tho samo bill has been introduced in
the present Congress, and will probably receive favorable
consideration aud beoomo a law. You should placo your
claim in tho hand of a competent claim attorney without
delay. See advertisement in this papor.
John D., Dart, III. You aro not entitled to com
pensation for clothing and valuables lost in battle or
taken from you whilo a prisoner of war.
E. MoM Norfolk, Va, Ono commissioned officer or
two enlisted men aro required in a ponsion claim to cor
roborate claimant's statement as to tho timo when, places
whore, and circumstances uudor whioh tho alleged dis
ability was contracted.