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$ JJSlonihlti $ourtmI dcvahd to the oldicrs, niJars, nnd $tenmottcrs off the jnited fate, and the imtmttion of the 4$nmilii $irch.
Published hy no ttt itf "xr Q
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NATIONAL TBIBUNJ3 COMPANY,
WASHINGTON", D. 0., MAROH, 1881.
Entered according to act of Congrtu, in the year of eur Lord, $18, to the Office of the Liflrarlan of Congrett, at Wathtngton, D. C.
TEBMS, FIFTY CENTS PEB TBAB,
Specimen Oopie3 sent Free on Request.
Thls'qunlnt'poom is taken from one of our dx6lianges, The
&licYol;ccAdvocatc, Ttulhm Territory. It IS evidently ,Uo work o1
oiio of our Tndlnn brothers.
I went, to n garden to got mo somo loaves,
And there I saw old mothor Evo.
She, was looking at the fruit mid looking at the tro.c,
And said, "Tlu fruit looks mighty good to mo.
To cat this fruit will make mo wiso,
Oh, how I wnut to open my eyes.
But old mnstor says nay, nud I must obo3.
Yet the fruit looks so good and sweet to-dny."
The old serpent wns'tuore, and told her to eat,
The old cuss told her she would iind it good jneat.
Sho took of the fruit and did eat some,
And the old sorpent thought it mighty pxettylun.
Slio gave to Adam, and he did eat.
Tho old man said ho found it good lueat.
After thoy liad oat thoy found they had done wrong,
They took to the brush and tho devil went aloiig.
Adam found out as they wont along,
That they lacked a garment in tho shapo of n gown.
Adam gathered leaves and mndo them a gown,
aio sewed the leaves together while sitting on the groun'.
iong in the ovoning tho old master come,
lie soon found out what the devil has done.
He called up Adam, he called up JSvo,
Hero thoy come with aprons made of leaves.
Old master asked Adam what made him hide,
"I?nddy," said Adam, "because I have lied."
Adam got scared, laid it all on Evoj
Evo said it was tho devil sho believed.
Old master got mad, raised a big fuss,
And made the old devil gli down in the dusfe.
IIo drove out Adam, ho drove out Evo,
And told tho old devil ho could bite him on tho heel,
- Then talked to 73vo, this to her said,
Sho could bang tho devil on top of his hoad.
Tjhe old folks left, looking very sad.
And the devil crawled otf and Boomed' very mad.
Hogavo tho devil a coat, tho color it wsus brown,
Tho dovil looked so mean crawling on tho ground.
I than hoard a voice, nud this is what it said :
"You must not believe, the devil is dead.
l,it V il .
Qld master ilxed this thing up, done it mhihtv fast.
J(&LJiswA, tfce yJi jvili ijifcyoa q?-s Taw
. u Honor to Whom Honor is Due.' v,
Q3bis paper is published in the interests of all sol
diers who over fought under the Stars and Stripes.
Ifc is not a politieal sheet, but while we can wield a
pen we will applaud those who are true to the sol
diers, to whatever party thoy belong. Itfow, in this
spirit, we say it would have made every soldier's
heart beat faster, every soldier's spirit glad and
proud to have been in the Senate chamber while the
Eentloy iniquity was being debated, and to have
heard , Johfy A. Logan attack upon that bill, and
his defense of the 'men who wore the. blue against
the charges made against them of perjury and gen-
Mr. Logan. The first payment of pensioners was $8,
851,820.09. "Arrears in pending claims'' now mark,
this is' what I desire to call his attention to "arrears in
ponding claims, $192,000,8-17 50 ;" "annual pensions to
125,000 new pensioners, 28-1,185,000;" making in all,
$510,3.01,637.25. If that Senator, with all his genius and
power aud knowledge in mathematics, which he has dem
onstrated so frequently on this floor, can satisfy the Sen
ate how he arrived at the amount of arrears that aie to bo
paid to pending claims now in tho office of tho Commis
sioner oi .Pensions, 1 should like to know how he does it.
Mr. Davis, of West Virginia. Does the Senator wish
Mr. Logan-. I do. I wish the gentleman to state how
he arrives at that conclusion.
Mr. Davis, of West Virginia. 1 do not know that I
can state how I arrived at it exactly ; but, in the first
place, it will be understood and I think the Senator
understands it, for I stated it two or three times this
was an estimate, and that is all we can make of any
thing that is to come.
Mr. Logan. That is exactly the reason why I called
the Senator's attention to it. Tho presumption is that
every Senator had road the estimate made by tho Com
missioner of Pensions, but the'Senator got up here with
slips of paper aud road these figures oif as though ho
j had made the calculation, and any one reading hi- re
marks will understand it as being remarks made by him
self on his own figures.
However that, may be, it is immaterial ; but if the Sen
ator relies on tho Commissioner of Pensions, I should
like to know from him or from any one else how the
Commissioner of Pensions can make any calculation
whatever upon the amount 'of pensions that are to be
allowed from claims that have never been examined, for
ho says that these claims have not been examined ?
Mr. Booth. The impression has gone abroad, possibly
through the speech of the Senator from West Virginia,
that the amount to be paid' for arrears of pensions is
Mr. Logan. That is exact ; l hat I am calling tho
attention of tho country to anA- -
Mr. 3ocpn. Ikiii that is t&&6 estinfr' c tW Com
missioner of Pensions. His estimate is that the amount
of arrears to bo paid to pensioners who get on the rolls
1 j 1. LI. . . , "I 11 . L. 1
enrougu fcuo arrearage? -uc5,;aurr tue amount oi annual
pensions that these persons will receive during- their
probablo expectation of life, will amount to $510,000,000.
Mr. Logan. Exaotly. That is a very different prop
osition ; and that is just what I was coming to. Two
statements have boon made on, tho floor of tho Senate in
order to alarm tho country and the people in roference
to pensious ; and so it. reads in tho Record horo to-day
and no man can read it without so understanding it
that the arrears of pensions are not the 510,000,000.
That is exactly what E am controverting. I say it is not
tha fact. That is the reasou why I called the attention
of tho Senator from "West Virginia to it. Senators who
are so prolific of figures ou this floor, without any inten
tion whatever of distorting the facts, but using figures
in which they mako such mistakes, go to tho country and
alarm the tax-payers of tho country in roference to tho
some visionary complex plau, involving outlays of
money to poor soldiers aud vexations innumerablo,
whereby thousands, yea, tens of thousands, of hon
est pensioners will abandon their claims altogether.
Below lind a continuation of tho debate on tho Sixty containing tho proceedings of the day before. I find by
-l "-J !... : C-. m. n ..
eral connivance with otheis to swindle tho Govor.JieilIrosetodotondt01p0nsloilOM of this COUntry the
mentoitho umteci btatos. There really appear to
bo Senators who would wish to crush tho entire
pension system of the' United States by devising
Surgeon Bill from our February number:
other dav I was assailed by newspapers and persons be
causo I desired to call tho attention of tho country to the
fact that these statements wore untrue aud had no basis
or justification at all.
Now lot us go a littlo further with tho statement of the
Senator from West Virginia.
Mr. Davis, of West Virginia. Will tho Senator be
kind enough to givo mo tho dato of tho Record to which
ho refers, so that I can sond for a copy?
Mr. Logan. Yes, sir ; it is tho Record ot rohruary a,
Mr. Logan Mv. President, at tho time this bill was
laid aside, I was attempting to disouss tho proposition in
regard to tho power of tho Commissioner of Pensions un
der the law as it now oxists. and intended to trv and dem
onstrate to tho Sonato, if I could, that tho proposition mo to interrupt him '?
now proposed to bo put ou tho pension appropriation bill ! Mr. .Logan. Cortainly I will allow tho Seuatox.
exnmiuing tho figures of the Souator that he makes au
estimate of tho arrears of pensions at So GO. 15 per pen
sioner who is entitled to arrears of pension. In almost
tho noxt line, in ordor to make tho amount $193,000,000,
ho estimates it at $1,035 per annum.
Mr. Davis, of West Virginia. Will tho Senator allow
does not afford tho authority that tho Commissioner
claims that ho desires, and that it will not effect tho objeot
that is proposed by the Senator who oilers it. I do not
know that I can satisfy any one in reference to these two
points, but I havo oxatninod it very carefully, aud I am
thoroughly satisfied that it will not advanco eithor tho in
terests qf tho pensioner or of tho Government if tho
amendment should bo adopted.
When tho bill was last undor discussion, my attention
was called by tho Sonator from Wost Virginia (Mr. Davis)
to tho array of figures that ho brought to tho attention of
tho Senate. I would not disputo with him in reference to
his calculation, knowing how often ho does flguro for the
benefit of tho Senate, it it had not been for one very ex
traordinary statomont that I iind in his calculation, and I
will call his attention to it so that he may oxplain how ho
arrives at tho conclusion. Tho amount of arroars of pen
sions for tho last yoar was $25,000,000, as 1 understand
tho Sonator. Was it not? I ask tho Sonator.
Mr. Davis, of Wost Virginia. I will say to tho Sonator
from Illinois that I havo not tho figures now before mo,
but I presume ho is correct. I will sond and got tho Rec
Mr. Davis, of Wost Virginia. The $500 is tho actual
payment of tho pensioners now on tho roll, not an esti
mate, tho actual payinent of tho old pensioners.
Mr. Williams. Thoso already paid ?
Mr. Davis, of Wost Virginia. Thoso already paid ;
$5G0 is tho amount, I think. I am speaking from recol
lection. Tho $1,035, if that is tho amount which is esti
mated, which I think appears, is tho ostimato upon what
is to como ; in othor words, now claims ; and tho Commis
sioner of Pensions estimates it from the new claims that
ho has oxamined ; so that tho now claims cost much more
than tho old ones,
Mr. Williams. Because thoy run back fuvthor?
Mr. Davis, of Wost Virginia, JBocause thoy go baok,
undor tho back pay.
Mr. Logan. I do not wish to oritioiso what tho Sen
ator has said horo, but it will not do for him to givo that
as an excuse. If tho arroars of pensious running for fif
teen years make the avorago ponsion 500, will ho pleaso
inform mo if it is running on two years more how it will
inereaso to 1,035. This is an impossibility. If it runs
throe years or five years moro, it would not do it. Eight
dollars per month, 90 a yoar, whioh is moro than tho
average pension that is paid to tho common pensioner,
will not double itself in a short length of time. If it is
560 now, at 96 per annum, it will take over five years
to do it. These statements in the Senate Chamber as
elsewhere are sometimes very loosoly made and veiy dam
agingly made to men who ought not to bo damaged by
statements that are not correct.
I do not wish to pursue these figures further than to say
that these estimates are not well founded. Now let us go
a littlo further in this question. I perhaps during my re
marks said that tho law as it stands to-day was sufficient
and gave sufficient authority to the Commissioner of Pen
sions to deteot frauds. For that I was arraigned, and it
was said I was in tho interest of somebody other than the
pensioners. Sir, my colleague and I represent more pen
sioners for disability in the late war than all the mem
bers from every Southern State put together. Why
should I advocate a proposition to tho injury of the pen
sioner unless I did it tin wittingly ?
But to carry out what I was saying, that justice was
not done in the roports and in the statements that havo
gone to the country in reference to the poor people who
are drawing pensions, and to show that there has been
an attempt to cast suspicion upon, every one of them, no
matter whoro he resides or how much or how little pen
sion he draws, f desiro to call tho attention of the Senate
to a paragraph in a letter written by tho Commissioner
of Pensions to a gentleman by the name of A. V. Rice,
chairman of the Committee on Invalid Pensions, House
of Representatives, 1878. In one paragraph of this letter '
he says :
Tho duties pertaining to the settlement of pension, claims par
take largely of a judicial nature Tho onicer who is charged
with the duty of admitting or rejecting the claims must bo con
vinced ty ttie proof adduced either that the claim is just or that
it is without merit, and tho difficulty which is now experienced .
by tho persons charged with the settlement of the claims whioh
havo accumulated aud thoso which are now being died is that;
they cannot bring themselves to boliovo the testimony whioh is
Will any Senator in this Chamber accuse me ofbeing
unfair with this Commissioner of Pensions, when over Ifis
own signature he accuses, indirectly, every pousioner who
applies to-day of being a dishonest man, and says the dif
fwttlt&isthafc fches panfeQb Jbrin -mflyes to believo
what & sworn iu these cases, lYTnlo it is paKryjmUoinr
act, aud I agrco to that, I ask how it is that a man sit
ting as a judge cannot be brought to believe the evidence,
unless he has a reason to disbelieve it 2
I do not wish, outside of tho record, to mako accusa
tions against any person, but when I tako tho record
that thoy mako for themselves I must tako what they
state. If the Commissioner of Pensions is unable to be
lievo contradictory statements, that is very easily stated ;
but when he states, as he does here, that "the tlifficulty
which is now experienced by the persons charged with
the settlement of tho claims which havo accumulated and
thoso which are now being filed is that they cannot bring
themselves to believo the testimony which is offered,"
what does he mean? They cannot bring themselves to
believe what testimony? Not the contradictory testi
mony ; that is not what he says ; but the claims whioh
are filod and which are being filed cannot be bolioved by
theso clerks. Thoy cannot bring themselves to believe.
Why ? It is too bad that these judicial gentlemen cannot
brino- themselves to believo somo things that are said on
behalf of these poor soldiers. I suppose if a man proves
that his leg was shot ou tnese jumciai genuumen woum
believe it if they should seo tho man with his leg off.
Mr. Cameron, of Wisconsin. It would depond on
where and undor what circumstances the leg happened to
bo shot off. .t ,. , -, !-,.
Mr. Logan. But if a mau proves that ho lost his leg
in tho lino of duty ? Thoro is another proposition : "in
tho lino of his duty. ' ' There are quibbles in tho Peusion
Office about what 'is tho line of duty. Somo people can
not brin- themselves to believe that if a man is lying in
camp hols not in tho line of duty ; they cannot bring
themselves to bolieve that if ho is ordered home ho is in
tho line oiMuty. Somo men actually think that a man
must bo at the front firing at the onemy in order to be
in tho line of duty. A man is in tho lino of duty wherever
ho is undor orders, aud not disobeying orders, but in the
army. If ho lost his log, his arm, his eyo, received a
wound, or was disabled in tho service, or contracted a
disoaso while in the service, not in disobedience of orders,
but performing lawful and proper duty, that man is enti
tled to a ponsion under the pension laws.
If a mau proves by tho record iu tho War Department
that ho was a soldier ; that ho was in battlo, or that
without boiug in battle ho received an injury or contract
ed a disoaso, that is tho first proposition ; that is sufficient.
Then tho question comes as to proof. Tho evidence
comes to prove theso facts, and then this man says that
his judges or clerks oauuot bring thomsolves to boliovo,
what ? Any of tho ovidenco ? This is not his statomont.
Thoy cannot bring thomsolvos to boliovo tho proof in tho
ofllco. If tho proof is unworthy of belief, of courso it
ouclit to be discarded, but when tho wholesale statement
is made that tho proof cannot be made merely because it
is made in behalf of a soldior, thon tho distinction is
made. Proofs are made in the Senate Chamber, But re
cently a claim was passed through the Sonato on ex parte
statement. Why? Because tho Sonators bolioved tho
ovidouco. Why ? Tho first proposition boiug established,
the othor followed, and thoy belioYed it,
So it is in referonco to a soldior. Tho first proposition
boiug established, that he was a soldier iu tho line of his
jv v.. i