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SMtM" $ourwtl devoted hike gojdurs, jailors, mid getmonem of the nited gfotc, nnd the instruction of the w7 jginki
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IATI0NAL TRIBuTTE COMPAHT,
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Entered according to act of Congrctt, in the year of cur Lord, l$7S, (n the Oflce of the Ziflrarlan of Cwgrtit, at
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Kaihlngton, D. O.
TERMS, FIFTY CENTS PBB YBAE,
Specimen Ooploa sent Free on Ilequoat.
The Old Farmer's Elegy.
' 2,n ft green, gnissy knoll, ly tho Dante of tho hroolf,
, AJi&M0 loM aiul R0 oftu has watered Mb flock,
J3licoi(l farmer rt'stK, in his long and last aloep,
While the waters n low, mgtliig lullaby Keep.
Ifd hasplowctrhis Inftt furrow, hna reaped his last grain ;
No morn shall awnko him to labor again.
Yon tree, that with fragrance is -tilling th6 nfi
So ridh with Jts moshohih, so thrifty ami fair.
lJy hip own hand was planted; and well did ho mv.
1 Tt would live when its planter had mouldered awivv,
Ho has plowed hia last furrow, has reaped his Inst grain. ;
No'moru shall awakohinito labor again. ,. .
v or - tue pjconer is urojeon," rue out uian's gone.
ire hag plowed his last furrow, has reaped his last grain f
No-morn ehnll.awake him to labor again.
!Twas abloom-giving day when the old t armor died ;
1 Te stout-hearted mourned, the all'eetiouato cried:
- xiu us iuoweufus lasi 1 arrow, mu? reapc
yo morn shall awako him to labor again.
For upright and honest, the old tanner was ;
His God ho revored, he respected the laws;
Though famoless he lived, ho has gone whero his worth,
-WW qutshine. like pure gold. aU the dross of this .earth.
Ho has plowed his lrtst furrow, has reaped his last grain;
:Xpmocu.onu awako Mm to labor again,
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'' The Turning of the Tide.
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GENERAL PICKETT'S GRAND CHARGE AT GETTYSBURG.
ricocheted around them ; shells exploded incessantly
in blinding, dazzling Hashes before them, behind them,
overhead and among them. Frightful gaps were made
from contre to Hank, yet on swept kho column, and .as it
advanced tho men steadily closed up the wide rents made
along tho line in a hundred places at every discharge of
tho murderous batteries in front. A long line of skirmishers
prostrate in the tall grass, firing at thocolumn as it cam
within view, rose up within fifty yards, fired a volley into
its front, then trotted on before it, turning and firing back
as fast as they could reload. The column moved on at a
quick stop with shouldered arms, and the fire, of tho
skirmish line was not returned. Half way over 'the field
an order rau down tho line, "Left oblique' which was
promptly oboyed, and tho direction was changed forty
five degaeos from tho front to the loft. Men looking away
far off toward the left fiank saw that the supporting col
umns there wore crumbling and melting away. General
Pickett sent his brother, Major Charles Pickett, galloping
swiftly to 1 ally, if possible, tho wavering lines, saying":
"Unless they support us on tho left my division will be
cut to pieces.'1 Major Pickett and other officers rode
anions; the breaking battalions and vainly attempted to
restore order ; but- hundreds and thousands of fugitives
from tho front could be seen ileeing from tho field and
went l-ushing pellmell toward the rear like dry loaves be
fore a gale. Order -was not restored upon the left, and
Pickett's support there was gone, excepting somo brave
Tennesseeans and North Carolinians who never wavered
in tho storm, but closing up by the side of Pickett's Vir
ginians, went as far, fought as long, bled as freely, and
fell as thick as Pickett's men.
The command now came along the line, " Front, for
ward ! " and the column resumed its direction straight
down -upon tho centre of tho enemy's position. Some
men now looking to the right saw that tho troops there
had entirely disappeared, but how or when they left was
not known. Tho enemy in front occupying an elevated
position, and watching closely every movement of the
advaucing columns, say "tho right gave way first, then
the left broke up and fied tho field; but the massive
centre, composed of General Pickett's veterans of iron
nreve, wounded in scores of battles, were coming sternly
on." Guns hitherto employed in firing at tho troops on
tho right and left sent a shower of shells after the. flee-
jfFromttopt. U. T. Owen's Account in Philadelphia Times.
On the night of the 30th of June, 1SG3, Pickett's divis
ion, .bivouacked in, the woods about two miles south of
Ohambersbnrgh. Tho men were' footsore a'rid weary, and
went .into, camp from,an almost continuous march of more
than a thousand miles.
On Friday morning, July 3d, Pickett's division left its
bivouac at dawn of day, and moving around to tho right, J
readied the ipositiou assigned it in the ravine behind I
Cemetery Ridge soon after six o'clock. Long, dark lines
of infantry were massed along the bottoms, concealed '
from the. enemy's view, and orders were given " to Ho
dowu and keep still, to avoitLattracting the attention of
the enemy." About eight o'clock Gens. Lee, Longstreot
and Pickett, in company, rode slowly along up and down .
in front of the long lines of prostrate infantry, viewing
them closely and critically as thoy rode along. They '
were not greeted with the usual cheers, as orders had pre
ceded them forbidding this; but tho men voluntarily rose
up and stood in line, with uncovered heads and hats held ,
aloft while their chioftans rode by. This review over,
strong detachments were thrown forward to support tho
artillery stationed along tho crest of Oak Ridge and Cem
etery Ridge, composed of- about 120 cauuon, and stietc$
Wg along tho brow of those ridges for'a mile, TJie sup
porting dotachmon ta wore placed about a hundred yards
in the rear of this lino of batteries, and lay down in the ,
tall gras."? with a oloudless. sky jnd u, bright, July sun
pouring its scorching rays almost vertically upon them
for five long, weary hours, while they listened and watched
in painful suspense for some sound or some movement to
break that profound stilluess which rested over tho vast
battlefield and depressed the spirits like a dieadful night
mare. At ono o'clock this awful stilluess was suddenly
broken, and tho men startled by the discharge of a couple
of signal guns fired in quick succession, followed byn
sileupp of half a minute, and then while their echo was
yot rolling along the distant defiles and mountain gorges, ,
an uproar began as wonderful as had been tho provious
silence. Leo's 120 guns opened at once with a crash and
thunder sound that shook tho hills for miles around from
crest to base, and were instantly replied to by about SO
guns ranged by General Meade along the front of Ceme
tery Ridge, about ono mile in front.
After two hours tho firing suddenly ceased, and silonco
again rested for half an hour over the battlefield, during '
wJuich time tho confederates wore rapidly forming an (
attacking column just below tho brow of Seminary Ridge. '
Long, double lines of infantry came pouring out of the
wqocls. and bottoms, noross ravines and little valleys, hur
rying on to tho positions assigned them in tho column.
Iwp separate lines of double; ranks were formed, ft hun
dred yards apart, and in the center of the columu was
placed the division of PiokQtt, said to bo tho dower of
Leo's army" 4,481 private's, 211 company officors, 32 '
field officers, atid 4 general 'officers : makiug 4,701 all
told. In tho front lino was placed Kemper and Garrett's
brigades side oy side, covered by Armistead's brigade in ,
tho second lino.
Tho column of attack, composed of Wilcox's brigade,
Pickett'fi-and Heath's divisions, and soveral other com-'
mands, detachod for this duty, has been variously esti ,
mated, but probably numbered about 18,000 troops. Tho '
command bT tho whole lino was given to Goneral Pickett,
Riding out in front ho made a briof, animated address to '
tho troops, and closed by saying to his own division :
" Charge the euomy and remember old Virginia." Then
came tho command in a strong, eloar voice, "Forward!
Guide centre 1 March I' and tho column, with a" front of ;
half a mile, moved up tho slope. Meade's guns opened !
upon the column as it appeared above tho crfc of tho j
ridflfer twit it neither p&usod nor faltered. Roiuul'shofc, .
bounding along tho plain, tore through their ranks and I top of. a dry cedar or tho whirring ound inado by tho
iug fugitives, nnd then trained upon the centre, where
tho storm burst in ten-fold fury, as converging batteries
sent a concentrated fire of shot and shell in, through and
around the heroic column. Tho destruction of life in the !
ranks of that advaucing host was fearful beyond prece
dent, officers going down by dpzeus, and, the, men by
scores and fifties. KTempor had gone down terribly man
gled, but Garnett still towered unhurt, and rode up and
down the front lino, saying iu a strong, calm voice :
" Faster, men I faster ! Clos,o up and step out faster, but
don't double quick ! " The column vas approaching the
Emmittsburg road, whero a lino of infantry, stationed
behind a stone fence, was pouring iu a heavy fire of mus
ketry. A scattering fire was opened along thq front of
the division upon this line, when Garnett galloped along ;
the line and, galled out, "Ceaso firing," and his command J
was promptly oboyed, showing the wonderful discipline
df tho men, who reloaded their guns, shouldered arms
and kept on without slackening their pace, which was
still a " quick stop."
Tho stone fence was carried without a struggle, the
infantry and tho skirmish liue swept away bofore the
division like taish before tho broom. Two-thirds of the
distance was behind, and the 100 cannon in the rear were ,
dumb and did not roply to the hotly worked guns in our
frout. We were now 400 yards from the foot of Come
tory Hill, when away off to tho right nearly half a mile,
there appeared in the open field a line of men at right
angles with our own a long, dark niass, dressed m bluo,
and coniing down at a "double quick " upon the unpro
tected right fiank, of Pickett's men, with their muskets
" upon the right shoulder shift," their baflo ilags danc
ing and fluttering iu tho breeze created by their own
rapid motion, and. the.tr burnished bayonets glisleuiug
above their heads like forest twigs, covered with, sheets, of
sparkling ice whon shakon by a blast, Garnett galloped
along tho line saying, "Faster, men! faster!" and the
front lino broke forward into a double quick, when Gar-, ,
nott called out, "Steady, men! steady! Don't double
quiok. Save V our wind and your ammunition for thai
final-charge,! " and thqivweuv down among t.)ie dead, and
his clarion voice was no more, heard above tho roar of
battle. The enemy woro now seen strengthening their
lines whero tho blow was espectod to strike by hurrying i
up reserved from tho right and left, tho columns trom ,
opposito directions nassiug each other uouoiq aiong our
front liko tho fingers of a man's two hands locking to-,
Tho distance had asram snorteneu, ana omcers
sudden llight of a flock of quail. It was grape and can
ister, and the column broke forward into a double quick
and rushed toward the stone wall, whero 40 cannon wera
belching forth grax'o and canister twice and thrice a min
ute. A hundred yards from tho stone wall the flanking
party on the right, coming down on a hoavy run, halted
suddenly within fifty yards and poured a deadly storm
of musket balls into Pickett's men, doublo quickening
across their front, and under this terrible cross fire the
men reeled and staggered between falling comrades and
the right came pressing down upon the center, crowding
the companies into confusion. - But all knew the purpose
to carry the heights in front, and the mingled mass, from
fifteen to thirty deep, ruslied toward tho stone wall, while
a few hundred men without orders faced to the right and
fought the flanking party there, although fifty to one, and
for u time held them at bay. Muskets were seen crossed
as some men fired to the right and others to the front,
and the lightning was terrific far beyond all other expe
rience even of Pickett's men, who for once raised no
cheer, while tho welkin rang around them with the
" Union triple huzza." Tho old veterans saw the fearful
odds against them, and other hosts gathering darker and
The time was too precious, too serious, for a cheer;
they buckled down to the heavy task in silence, and
fought with a feeling like despair. The enemy were fall
ing back in front, while officers were seen among their
breaking lines striving to maintain their ground. Pick
ett's men were within a few feet of tho stone wall when
the artillery delivered their last fire from guns shotted to
the muzzle. A blaze fifty feet long went through the
charging, surging host with a gaping rent to the rear,
but the survivors mounted tho wall, then over and on
ward, rushed up the hill close after the gunners, who
waved their rammers in the face of Pickett's men, and
, sent up cheer after cheer as they felt admiration for the
! gallant charge. On swept the column over ground' cov
ered with dead and dying men, wnere the earth seemed
to be on fire, the smoke dense and suffocating, the sun
shut out, flames blazh g on every side, friend could hardly
be distinguished from foe; but the division, in the shape
of an inverted V with the point flattened, pushed for
ward, fighting, falling, and melting awaj-, till half way
up they were met by a powerful body oj; fresh troops
charging down upon them, and this remnant of aboub'a
thousand men was hurled back into the clover field.
Brave Armistead was down among the enemy's guns
mortally wounded, but was last seen leaning upon one
elbow, slashing at the gunners to prevent them from
5 il. - - ) .. 1? . -...! S Ua ,!r.7At tiiltncl 1i tl-m -
m tuo enemy s uuus cuum uu uiouu&iuijuvu u iuvu uni
forms from tho privates, Then was board behind that
heavy thud of a muffled tread of armed men, that roar
and rush of trampling fcot; as Armistead's column from
tho rear closod up behind tho front line ho (the last brig
adier) took command, stepped out in front with his. hat
uplifted on the point of his sword, and led tho divisiou,
now four ranks deep, rapidly and grandly across tho
valtoy of doath, covered with clovor as Bofc as a Turkish
Thoroitwas a sain ! and again ! a sound filling tho
air above, belowi around us, liko the blast through tlio
firing at his retreating men. Out in front of tho breast
works the men showed a disposition to re-form for an
other charge, and an officer looking at the frowning
heights, with the blood trickling down the side qC his face,
inquired, of another, "What shall we do ? " The answer
was: "If we get reinforcements soon we cau take that
hill yet." But no reinforcements camet none were in
sight, and about a thousand men iled to the rear over
dead and wounded, mangUd, groaning, dying men scat
tered thick, far and wide, while shot and, shell tore np
the earth and Minio balls flew arouud them for more thanr
a thousand yards. , ."
An attempt was mado on the brow of Cemetery Hill,
in front of tho confederate batteries, by a couple of offi
cers to rally the fugitives, but the eflbrt (under a hoavy
cross-fire from bpth sides now) failed, and then com
menced a rout that soon increased to a stampede and
almo3t demoralization of all the survivors of this noted
charge, without distinction of regiments or commands
A row hundred yards behind the confederate batteries
there is a ravine along which runs a country road that
makes at one place an abrupt angle by turning or bend
ing to tho left. At this point there is a bluff ou one side
and a slight swamp on the other, creating a narrow pass
through which tho fugitives, 'without distinction of rank,
officors and privates side by side, pushed, poured aiid
rushed in a continuous btroam, throwing away guns,
blankets, and haversacks as thoy hurried ou in confusion
toward tho rear. Hero another effort was mado to rally
the broken troops, and all sorts of appeals and threats
made to officers and men, who turned a deaf ear and hur
ried on, some of tho officers even jerking loose with an
oath from the hand laid on their shoulders to attract' atten
tion. At last a few privates, hearkening to tho appeals,
halted aud formed' a uueleus around which about thirty
others'soon rallied, and with these a piekot was formed
icross tho road as' a barrier to further retreat and the'
stream of stragglors dammed up several hundred strong,
Goneral Pickett camo down from tho direction of the
battlefield Weopiug bitterly, and said to tho officer com
manding the picket, "Don't stop any of my mou. Toll
thorn to come to tho camp wo occupied last night, ' ' and pass
od on himself alone toward the rear. Other officers passed
by, but tho picket was retained at this point until Major
Charles Marshall camo galloping up from the rear, and
inquired "AVhat this guard was for and who placed it
hero ;" and finding tho officer without orders, he moved
tho piekot back a few hundred yawls aud extended vtUe
lino along the stream or littlo creek found there, 4 Here
tho guard did duty until buudown, arresting all strag
glers from tho battlofield, and Colonol Marshall took
them back to General Lee.
A HAN may think that kissing on Sunday is wioked,
but a roal pretty girl cau change his mind in five minute.
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