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j$$lonthli! jfourmt devoted tothe gofflfcrx, tKtilott, mid pensioner h of the finite A J$t$, mi A the instruction of the mHilju fUjircfc
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Published by Tho
IATI03S1L TKIBTJ1TE COMPANY
1 YowV, No. 6. "WASHItfGTQ, D. 0., JUNE, 1881. , j
Atutrea according iv n& ty ?nrrmf m tne jcar q ourxora, lozs, n iic tc(V fW-Hiranan-o (0ff7nWiiE rrannffont x. t.
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team's, FiFTy cents mia "srsks.
Specimen OopioB sent Froe on Beqsesti
(Written for the National Ti'ibune.)
Inscribed to the Grand Army of the Bepublic,
and the Memory of our Fallen Heroes.
EtaJdny .vo recall, with most tender devotion,. -AsAVitu
end eyes wo gnzo on each grass-covered grave,
- Tlie bravo deeds of those who, in Lovo's strong devotion,
Their lives for their country ns horocs they gave.
We think of the time when the war-cloud hah lowered,
And the battle-cry sounded nil over our land, . , .
TilJ tho traitors wore vanquished the wrong oyerpow'er'd
1 r.a gallant, undaunted, and patriot band. .
i ! - ,v
All honor bo unto thoso noble ones given t . "
Ho vrtgrent is their glory ! Immortal their fame !
And on- our heart's tablet, so deeply engraven
Is each sainted hero and patriot's name.
As, a little child sleeps on its sweet, downy pilloyf,,.
When .daylight has faded, and stars stud' tho sicy ; .
. S.qour martjT'd dead, In the shadoof the wlilov, , .,
"Vrapped in calmest repose now in slumber do lie.
Above them the flowers iu beauty are growing:' -'
TJiebirds Nvarblo sweotly, the waving grass b6nds -Whilfr'sdf
t, balmy breezes of Spring-time are. blowing,-'
' Arid the pure dew of Heaven so gently descends'.
TUOfilng that they carried' In battle before them, ? ,
ffhobannor they fought for no trailing it, know, "
In alUtei-prond beauty ilotlts gracefully o'er, thorn, it u
t And fiweet is their rest 'neath the Bed, White, and "Blue.
WfiUoTovo tor bnMierbes each bosom is Jlllin'g, '
W'como to ilils hullow'd ground, tribute to ay1
TpHh'efr sacred memory; with hands the mosj; illing,
Veideclj their green graves with tho ilowors of ifav.
OJV, God of our Fathers 1 avc pray Thee defend us I ,
, AndrcausoPeaccj supremo e'tr to reign iiuonr laiid ;
An'JItitred and Strifemay they never more rend-us ;
sllelp,u8 ever a true, loyal Nation to stand. oN:V .
May t'h6 TJiilon, our heroes Tinve saved, noyqr perish,
t Butour banner Jioat ever on land And. on ea;.
Aiitiwhtlowe(ourcounbiTSolovinglj' ohgrisli .
ifet.us praise Thee, our God. in this Laiid'.of theiFre".
,HU ...:,,.. , -, Tasiixe.
lVAUWAYyK.X, Jfy24, 188J:
We are not liere atp figitj.the -ar oyer ,again.j P,
of . us, I am sui:e. iiave any, desire to, kindle . anew the,.
8mbujcleririg embers of discord,, or tp fan HfresJ'tlio.
policy Of jtiate. ' ' 1he siruggle. wap io,ng,,en.9U3;li and jcr.uX
true, I see net pecaaiori to, go farther and; apologize Jo
ltorlit.inf t,lp riiiv nf vip.fcnrvi t.lirt, irlon. afnma f.rlf.n.n.rl fnrij snlf-crnvArnmATit.! f,n rpnall t.ho masft. nnt; in Viif.tarnfisisf Tirvr'
:r:T ViZt. :r"rrr rr"r-r-r zitjj-ziz:7??i 'zLrrszzijrL-y-y&iPt
luuuuiimi, vviiu xjuiimiiui xnuuvu, uuu bcuuuoiti Asonuauy uuiuiutioy, uuo ivi iuo uxuinuiuu wmcu iu uuucuus, esu vaab.
bowing afc tho sbrineof its temple; with the champion of we may thus be tho bettor able, to meet the problems of
w ilia luiiuuuuu , wiifii muuiwu xutiy loiceriug near its
altars; with all civilization turning its eyes and its hopes
toward it, it would appear that? the idea had never an
opponent. In the glorious, light of its achievements,
amid theealities of its. final, success, it is hard'to realize
tbat, hecausp, and in advocacy! Pf it tlie fountains were
broken Ioo.sq oC. the groat deptlig of thought, and national
oxpsrienced-.thc throes of political and social xeyolutionv
Human momQry is short, and the means by which an end
wasjicQpmplishod are soon forgotten after the end has
be" attained. But when our forofathersV one hundred
yo?if8 ago, made the first formal but earnest .(announce-
zuuiiuut mio rjirub ui mu uuraonai, irecuom,ino aoctniie
seemed startling As Luther, in a preceding, century,
nap,tormulated anew ana advanced the dootntiBOi rehgtous
freedom, so these men of the later colonial history, these
sturdy heroes of 1770 formulated anew and advanced tho
doctrine of political and personal freedom, ample and
complete., They fired the shot heard around the world.
Under the impulse which they gave it the idoaj like a
greajtball pf fire, rpse rapidly tQ the zonith. It shook
the very foundations of feudal and despotio domination,
set ;the, great forces' of society in motion, obliterated the
doqtrine of the "divine right of kings' and started oh
the.rQundof life, another series' of questions of pPlitical
and, social ethics., But the success of the men of the revo-
what the tlniori soldiers did. t am equally, and
than edually, opposed td that pphcy.t
We are not here tpjibnor treasjjii, nor to Sancton t
principles, lor wnicn tne poupnseceaea. J. am atraaa,.myf
T M.V. i. i - , 1.' 1 .'J.'';- J - '-. ".. - 'T " I-" 1.11V ' " i"r LJl .T
friends, that these later ,days .have beenahttle tootiertile,,
" frnsh n "on this Bubiecfc'. and it.sems to me to be mfirh
time for some voi6e of authoritiv in thVlancl'tb eallit hale
on tho sentimentalists, .arid deny, the pj rght to6hced
away the cause for which the Union spldie.r Tough Tciis'
toos,oon to, pronounce oulpgies oil jJjbiTe'rsbn. 15 avis; too,
soon for the "stars and bars" to float oyer tliedomeof
the Qapitol as the insignia of a regenerate Union. (
The, stars and stripes won the fight, and.( ttiap .iiag is,
entitled, to float and1 to rule. It is possible for pacjficatio'
to go a little top far. There appears, to, be msjoine Cuar
fcers too great a 'tendency to ignore tUp, act; tliat, "th
blue" and "the gray" yyere the reprpsentatives' of dis-fi
tinofeive and irreconbilable ideas. A common honoris not.
lutiou,. the establishment of tho American Kepublic was due to them; a c6mmontgory is. not their portipn. The,
uuu tue iiui uuu uuiuuioio vriunipu oi tne uoccriues or svscoins wuicu upj icsueuiiiyeiy auujjui- wj, uuuuiu, wuro
- i - ... - - '- . k - . Si U T, . . " . tr 41J" . . :vit I
Jeflerson and Adams, of Hamilton aud of Henry. It was
not, the ut,ter final overthrow of the antagonistic dogma.
There still .remained the conflicting, contesting forces sub
dued in a, measure it tis true, but still able to put its im
press, even upon the organic law of tho new nation.
j Auomalous. as it, may appear, ta war for human freedom
was successfully waged and a constitution that did not
in terms p.rphibit human alavory vvas the result. Hence
j the. fountain, head of all our blesstngsof our enlightened
UW.VW, w-. V.,. ..v, w..0wu.a .VKJ-, UWUMUOb,
also,, a.t last the iountam head ot all, our woes. So the
second, agna Qharta of human rights given to the world
by the Auglo-Saxon race became, through the machina
tions of unscrupulous, and ambitious men, tho Magna
I Qharta of. human wrongs,
! A ouaitQB of a century passed and the Tory forces
under, free, government remained, to all appearances, pas
r sive, but in rpality accumulating power and preparing for
jthpnew agitation.; ItsopnoamOi ThPintelligenbAmor-
TlmypunIady who Avroto theahove.. in her letter fonvai"dms Jcw-,ip sieutiy acquainted witjii tlie events that fol-
'rehearse tho long record of concession and surrender
ouiuVJsUi luwiu, uuuuao io -t JJXionvULJ. uuuiij.viUl&t;3 UILU
'& a, soldier's, daughter. Tl'treo of iu.y uuoJ.es, as woll as
inyllftVller8 vo.re in tlmlatc war, i.y father lost im arm -in tho
DatfiSoottyflbrai, lui'd the same sieUtlmtsu:uQkWm killed lyHwofrprPYisoa and Lecompton constitutions and nulU
onepf lnyijnelesrnyraQther-lsmly brother, I have always felt
a wavin love and syiupathy for the. isolators,? IISik'jt. TO
'&. A B&coratioii Day Oration.
ncatipu,threate,nings. It was free thought ajminst slave
though tivith slavp. thought ..too .often ah the1 ascendancy.
! It wtho " irrepressible cohilict" renewed.
I Jjt;wajrtli& CQiitil thought, of the declaration again at
wanmth the champions1 ot tho doctrine of the iubqitality
of man, : Across the new enmire of the West, a- blatofolinA-
iiifioiig.HiKe'iiiatiY addresses ori Dbcoratioi Bar ihnd been permitted to remain. The struggle finally re-
cvriiwu. w ".w ma vuui i(, yn v.tiy viv uituu, :v IUUU itUU
whbMara como to ub, wetod none'more'ablo and ISthatu; d ouoM oK h;
patriotic than tho following, ctalircrod at Baltimore ultiraately to forever wipe it out. Tfc
hviSon. K. G. ThuckW. of Blkton. Mri , i the liigh purpose,' the lofty patriotic
hyJBtpn. K, G, Tijackory, of B)ktony Mel. :
hand, to narrow and
The indomitable will,
purpose.' the lofty patriotism and courage of
. ... '- . .........,. .. ..
A.narewJ aouson lor a. Jioaaon ho ri tr. riijHtitnitrnfiha' nvooe
The central thought of the Declaration of Indepen- in check, but the vaecUMtiop and weakness of succeoditij;
denco and the Constitution of the Union, and from which administrations furnished those force their Opportunity
all thoir ideas radiate, and on which they rest, is the right and precipitated tho conflict. On the. one side or on tho
to porsonal fi-eedom, 'controlled, however, aud mcJdifid ! other, ah the forces oi learning tiud of logic enlisted,
by political and beneficial restrictions. Tho thoueht per-, Soeiotyrushed into the sWOllon stream, and unable t6
haps is expressed with some ambigtiity, and Luther Mar- stem the current, was carried past the rapids to tho very
tan aud Patrick Henry, in old colonial days insisted that brink of tho precipice. Men proclaimed thoir anger from
because of that ambiguity the Declaration and the Gbh- the hustings and from the high places of authority. They
stitution contained the seeds ot civil w"ar. But such is ; refused to see tho right and unfurled the banner of mi"h
the spirit of those instruments and such was tho genius Reason lost hor away, and amid the conflicting element
01 tne movoment that gave them to tho world. Govern, the forces of loo-io wave wav to tlin fhraoR of mW
..i- ...i. r - iii-l.AZn4. f j.t . jfc 1 1 ' , " -. V . o o " . 'J - - -- " ..
ixiuui, uAibtj, ior mouuuum ui mo luuivxauat.- JKUiers are ! sword-was drawn and Sumter fell.
tne servants, (it cannot Do too otten ropeated,) not the
uncompromisingly antagpnisc. .Between, t them it was!
war XO rue kuuo. x whs iigui uguiusu uarsucas., xu wsws
the goodagaust the evil' spirit pf our insjkitiitions, 1 1 ,
It was the genius, of progress, jf advanced tljoughtjj
against retrogression, or at least, against, a conservatiy
adherence to old creeds and despotic forms. Anll Q iny
terests of peace or goodwill, hpwpver, great, or. wpve
overshadowing, cuan justify orexpjis forget'fuliieso'tj tlie
'tnruth. However desirable cpnciliatipn and, harmpnynj;
be, there is ono thing ioinieasurajbiy
'thing tho sacrifice of which no emergency, no' cd'mbina
tion of circumstances would justify, and one thing whihh
the patriotic people of this country will never yield, and
that is, the righteousness of the Union cause. ,
"Decoration day," if ib is anything, "ite is .the type of ah
idea' It symbolizes something It. has a purpose. Its
authors had a motive. If not, its observance. is iseless;
It was. instituted not simply that flowers might' belaid onr
dead men?s gra-es, nor simply that the memory ofrtfcfe''
Hnion soldier aud his services might be appropriately
honored, but that, the principles, the cause AOfi?oonstitu
tional law, the; great dogma of individual libcrtypfbr
which that soldier gaye or imiwriled his life might also
be cherjshed and ever held up bofore i& minds ;Pf men.
Thetrightoousness of tho cause justifies the honoring jof
the champion, "''
It WasiaqaXvsethat' founded its-claim to rightioukiess
and justice upon more than the fortuitbu$ciicuftBtarnceS'
of victrirr. True, "nothlnsr is so successful as siccese!
But; the; cause for which 'the ""Union soldier fouktas
righteous and. just by virtua of the everlasting pnnofpleii
which gave it its vitality, tie tougnc tnac irec govern-'
ment might continue to exist; that tho Union might stand;
and to make that Union what? it was intended shdald
be tho one great? shining champion and example among
tho nations of the equality of man and the liberty Of the
The movoment against which he fought was a move
ment charactorize.d by feudalism, possessing the features
and the tendencies of an aristocratic oligarchy,' and seeled
in, as its vieq-iresidnt;, Alexander H. St5phen6; said
Jtto erect On the ruins of thtf Unions a confederacy of
which slayory should be the corner-stone." The Union
soldier fought to prove that the doctrine of Alexander H
Stophens was wrong that tho (leaders of tho rebellion
wore in error. He fought to sustain the grand, elemental'
principles of Jefferson and tho Continental Congress, and
Uia IIJIUU fltt auvwwBBiiu i.vu ,wv. ....-... - - --
mtwiore oi uio people, "au men are oroated equal," is
the langitage of the idea, Said Abraham Lincoln', speak
ing from the steps of Independence Hull, iu Philadelphia.
after haying raised tho flng of an imperiled Unioii to the !
uumu ui mac Hauoumry oi iioaom : "icwas something
in th6 Declaration of Independence srivincr lilibrtv nnl
every battle that was fought, aud iu every charge that
was made, in every bayonet thrust aud bursting shell, in
every aymg groan, eiruer upon tne one sate or upon, tne
Ai. , .i. i -i ii. 7...J.. i..r. . . .if rr
wuij wvu .uupiu ui una uiiuuuy uup appe to cue worm otnor, m an tne long years of tiavoo and carnage aud dqs
for all future time; it was bhtyt wluoh gavo promise that elation, was. seen or heard tho inquiryshall free govern-
m dliO timo tho WOitrlltS Should bo lifted from tlie shoul. l mimt nhntimin in ovtsf.9 "
" i " w " -v-w w uf W
clergy all men, and that all should have an oqual chance." j We arc; hero to-day, my frleuds, to celebrate tho mem
In other wordB, Mr. Lincoln meant to say that the basal loriofc and to commemorate the services of tho. men and
WAniAn rtr AmnWnn Tt.lirv flnll tr iinrl rnnn cnWliiri 4-1t
n -j. ... vw ALuwiivtk nuu iiiumi imu ivniui puui,JtvM luuou
; questions m tho afllrmative. I say tho mou and womon.
principal upon which this western system of government
routed and rests was and is "that every man, high or low.
gioav ur aijwu, umvK ur W11UO, oorn 111 Weilltn 01 111 the
lap of povortv every man should havo the right, undo?
tho law and before tho law, to a fair, square, oven and
oqual start in tho groat race of life, and adding the words
which after events made memorable ; uNow, my friends,"
said ho, "can tho country be saved upon thab'basis? If
it can I will consider myself one of the happiest of men
in tho world if I can help to savo it. But if this country
cannot bo savod without giving it up, that prinoiple, I
was about to say, I would rather be amssiuatod upon
this spot than to surrender it." Encompassed as we are
to-day by the evidences of its triumph, forgotful of tho
struggles through which it passed in order tp see the Sun-
Quick as electric light thoro rah along tho fold of the marched "down to thosea," and whou, under the apple
ensign of tho Republic tho letters that formed tho ques;- tree at Appomattox, Lee gave up his sword to (xraut ana
tionpure aud simple, Shall tho Union staud? High on abandoned the struggle for secession
the dome of tho sky, aud in every wind that blew, in But. while I place the cause so high, let me not? be" uu-
w .. T . - tiv, -it..."l 1.
derstood as detracting from tne-giory or cue; cnanvpion,"
as withholdiug from the tribute, he so richly deaervosr !$
has boon said that "the silent sufferer is earth's noblest
hero.,' I ohauge the phraseology and say that 'oarthfs'
noblest havo is the soldier who, without-hope oFfclory:pr
expectation of renown, has laid upon his country's albaic'
his costliest sacrifice', has paid to his country's cause "the
last full measure of devoMon." That soldier has no bet
ter i-opresontativ tham the Union pliv&te. HP did noB
hoar in "tho wild, grand musid ofwar,, tho allurfh
strains that becomo the- oohoee of reniambrancej h&'wasV
not filled with the conaumiu flro tUat ambitibn fcihdt&I:
that hurries mu on to 'seok the bubble rumitatkSn $imi
iu tho cannon's mouth." No shining nichpin the Par
thenou tomplo of glory hockonod him onward; no siren
song gavo promise of duo rooocapenso. Ho knew that
whore ho foil thero he would lie, and that, iu the general
mass, his uanw would pass.away from th .rdoolUotioa of
men and be ccmirad bjrupuea kom. tp whpw th
choids of affection bound Wm M bared hi oratrto.
tha tempest of death iu tho highft spirit of noble slf
saoriflce, aud m ho pressed on to tlie ramparts of the foe,
he heard in the bus of the bullet a,nd the whirr of th
t or while I give full honor to the heroic aud patriotic
mqn who uphold tho flag of frep government while tho
tempest oi death raced all around, I must also award
praise aud glory to the womanhood of Aiporioa, whose
I loving hearts and willing hands bouud up the wouuds,
piuowed tne .dying heads, and administered tho Holy
Grail ; whose noble sympathy did more than I can tell to
cheer tho fainting spirit and to strengthen, maintain,
aud encourage tho baud that hold tho gun. "Varo hpre,
sixteen years after tho close of a .great civil war, on au
occaaiou set apart, on a day of rest and relaxation, to
take note of tho blessings which, under tho Providence of
God, wp this day enjoy as the supporters af enlightened
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