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THE NATIONAL TMJBUNE: WASHINGTON, 1. C, AUGUST 27, 1881.
The National Tribune
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i payment of ,
NG INsJRREC- I
PENSIONS AND BOUNTIES FOR SERVICES IN EXPRESSING
TION OR REBELLION, SHALL NOT BE QUESTIONED." SEC
XIV. CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES..
Talrrri at the 'Wuhiaiton Citj Poit-OSco as iscond-clm matter,
WASHINGTON, D. C, AUGUST 27, 1SS1
The Katioiial Republican, the leading daily
paper of this city, speaks thus kindly of The
"We have received No. 1 of Volume I, new
series, of The National Tribune, a handsome,
-cFpll-Tyrintpl nnrl ivfll-pf!itd wppklv iournal. de
except in a registered letter. A postal money best gave up home,frieiicls, everything man holds to continue constructively in the Army till the . It is difficult if not impossible for the Ameri
ORDER OR a draft ON New York is the BEST form ' dear to succor their country in the hour of need, j expiration of his term of enlistment, the law gives j can people to comprehend that condition of affairs
OF REMlffeANCE. Losses BY mail will BE most, ... fi, mo,rn5fiiiio m tii Btml. lwramp nim-n ! one hundred and fifty dollars or more, according which makes nihilism possible. The United
voted to the cause of the soldiers and sailors, but bounty laws for such as should volunteer or who in American bottoms, but owing to the condition j of the United States. And he ought to be re
also containing sufficient first-class literary and ' had already done so, and pension laws for those i of our merchant marine the bulk of shipments , turned to his own country without objection,
general matter to make it a formidable rival to j AVi10 mj.iit become maimed, and for widows or made either way was by foreign vessels. whenever the request is made and competent
any weekly in the land. It is edited by one who j
was a soldier, and a brave one, as honorable wounds
testify. He is, moreover, a most ready and vigor
ous writer, and devoted to his cause. He can
supply original tales and poetry for his paper
which would be acceptable to the readers of any
of our literary magazines. The Tribune will be
a power for its cause."
The guaranteed weekly circulation of The
National Tribune is 10,000 copies.
The honor of the Government is pledged to i
the faithful carrying out of every obligation in
curred in putting down the Rebellion.
The bonds issued, principal and interest, must
be paid to the last dollar, according to their tenor.
xi, is uie uuy ui ec-i.v guu cnnci. W : n.ai
this is done. ,
The pledges made to those who served in the j
ti ; j.i. ,. j. .j. f .. ,.,i ..:-;.. i i....-
Aiiuy ami xa ui mc uiiuvu oiai uui.iig u.c
war, must also be kept to the very letter. They
are no less sac-red than those made to the pur
chasers of the Governments bonds.
Subscribe to The National Tribune, the
best weekly parer, especially for soldie-rs and
their families, in the United States.
It is now about thirty-five years since the close ; to be made cripples of, or to be killed, that their
of the Mexican AVar. The survivors of those who neighbors who remained at home might enjoy the
fought under Scott and Taylor, in 1846-7, are ' fruits of the war without incurring the dangers,
comparatively few in number, and rapidly grow- ' "When the war ended the Nation was saved;
ing old. Probably a majority of them are already ! and its living defenders were disbanded and per
well advanced in years. It is in harmony with ' mitted to return to their homes to pick up again,
the spirit of our form of Government, and in ac- ' possible, the thread of their old lives let fan.
cordance with precedent that they be remembered when they became soldiers. The disabled through
in some substantial manner. It is true that Con- j disease contracted in the service, and the maimed
gress has passed laws giving each a warrant for previously discharged, and whose only means of
a fraction of the public domain ; but, while ac- ' support depended upon their own labor, were
ceptable, such a gift does not fully meet the re- ; ready for the poorhou&e or a pauper's grave, and
quirements of an equitable recognition of their j those avIio had died during the years of strife
A law should be passed to give to each hon-
orably discharged soldier and sailor who served
in Mexico a pension. It would be a graceful act '
on the part of the Government to inscribe the I
names of all the survivors upon the pension rolls,
and one that would be duly appreciated by the
beneficiaries. The Nation is prosperous, the
amount required to meet the payments would
not be burdensome, the money would do a vast
deal of good to those receiving it, and, besides, it j
would, by being distributed throughout the
country, benefit others as well.
Congress ought to take prompt action in the
matter at the approaching session, and not allow
f further delay in providing for the comfort of benefit. Not only did they protest against fur
the Mexican Veterans. j ther payments for services already rendered, but
" many objected, and thus far successfully, to do-
Commirsioxer of Pensions Dudley has at :
tigth succeeded in getting his Department in
working condition, and claimants will speedily ;
begin to realize that he is the right man in the
Send for a specimen copy of The Nationai
We take pleasure in recording the name of
Mr. John WV Williams, of Newark, N. J., as the
first of our patrons to renew his subscription to
Tiie National Tribune.
Initialization of ISouiitics The Case Stated.
A score of years ago the constitutional Gov
ernment of these United States was in imminent
Scarcely more than twenty years have passed
by since the Flag, so dear to every loyal heart,
was fired upon at Sumter; and those who trained
the guns against it and sought to humble it in
the dust were men who owed it their allegiance.
The roar of hostile cannon awakened the Na
tion from its dream of peace, and the cry for help
went up to heaven, and was flashed over the Avires
almost simultaneously with the news that armed
rebellion had actually begun.
Then, from every city and hamlet throughout
the North and West, came the quick response.
The merchant left his counting-house: the stu-
dent his books: the mechanic his workshop; the
r. i-e w ,i h.,ctni ,, miTl Tlio
youth and strength of the land the bravest and
and more aimarent another and another call was
made, until, at the last, the spirit of freedom
could count almost, if not quite, a million of men
in arms for her defense.
These men, many of them, had left lucrative
situations remunerative employments not for
the sake of gain, for the monthly stipend offered
them was less than they could have earned at
home,1! but for sake of the principles involved,
Yes, politicians may scout and doubt, and skep-
tif lnsiv lsiiiirl and uttemnt to cast ridicule unon
the idea, but yet this fact remains: there was
" -' e - - ,
i patriotism in those days patriotism as pure as
the world has ever seen patriotism that prompt-
e(i thousands upon thousands to leave the dear
ones depending upon them for support to mingle
in Avar's most bloody strife. Yes, in spite of all
mercenary ' motives (which doubtless actuated
many) patriotism filled the army patriotism
won the victory.
The loyal people of the land understood this at
the time and, realizing the sacrifices these men
were making, instructed their Senators and Rep-
resentatives in Congress to make some provision
for them in addition to that already existing,
Confess acting under those instructions, passed
0 lums of til0se cut 0 jy tjie SIU misfortunes of
The soldiers themselves asked for no such meas
ures; they were the voluntary offerings of the
non-combatants, so to speak of those who pre-
ferred to stay behind xnd pay the cost rather
vu i, fv, ori ri i,a firriif?rr niwi
more than all else, those laws were a substantial
more than all else, those laws were a substantial
recognition on the part of a grateful Nation, of
the full value of which was and is past
The highest bounty offered to any was only
sufficient to yield, with the stated pay of a pri-
rate soldier, the magnificent sum of twenty-one
- -, ., . .. .,
dollars per month. lass than the price during the
. of a cpmmon fieM hand following the peace-
pUrsujts of agriculture; and even that small
ljounty was SQ he(ged in hy restricting provis
ions tmt m tl10lUrh deSCrvill- failed to et it.
j For twenty-one dollars per month, then, in-
1 eluding the offered bounty, men were expected
to risk their lives, not for themselves alone, but
t for the millions who remained behind in safety.
For about $800 in all, men were expected to
give up their avocations, blot out from their lives
three peaceful years, and stand up to be shot at,
were almost ready to Ixj forgotten.
Public opinion, however, did not immediately
grow altogether callous. The Additional Iiounty
Act, and the laws providing for an increase of
pension, evidence this fact ; but yet it rapidly
Opportunities for doing justice to those who
put down the rebellion presented themselves
and were allowed to pass by, almost without a
thought ; and the time soon came when the
wealth of the Nation those who were so free to
counsel the granting and furnish the means for
paying bounties during the period of danger, re
fused to entertain any proposition calculated to
draw upon their purse-strings for the soldier's
ing eveil jlistice to all of those whose names had J
fmil,,i n wip on i?nPfimn's mnat.r.rnii T?nr in. '
t 1 " " "w "" "
stance: The bounty laws passed required at least
two years' service, or a discharge granted because
J of some wound or physical injury received in the
1 line of duty, to entitle the soldier to the one hiin
j died or more dollars, according to term of enlist
i ment. The additional bounty act contained sim-
ilar provisions ; and to this day thousands are to
be found who did the best they could for their
country, who have never received one dollar be-
yond the stipulated monthly pay. In their lusty
youth or robust manhood they went, into the
Army glorying in their strength; hut the palsy
ing hand of disease laid hold upon them, and
after a few months they returned home broken
in health, and the bounty was and is denied them.
Some fought through battle after battle, were
wounded again and again, and recovered; saw
the inside of Southern prison pens, where their
strength at last succumbed to starvation and its
attendant train of evils, and then, after eighteen
or twenty-two or three months' faithful service,
drifted, like helpless wrecks, back to their homes.
Now, look at the injustice done them. Under
exiting laws they -otand can get nothing beyond
their monthly pay and allowances for all their
suffering, nor for their wounds and actual service,
i On the other hand, to a man who enlisted but
' kept clear of duty, who never saw a battle, and
' wis more familiar with the inside of a hospital
, than with a bivouac, yet nevertheless managed
! to the date when and the tune lor which he en-
Surely there should be some law enacted under separated as are the poles. J3ut yet the Amen- ' wy 'i, :"i not ieu io me i-uimwi ui int.- iew who
which all classes will be made to share alike. , can people know the definition of murder, and ' make their own living by it alone, to be mo
Disease contracted in the service is as grave a j also understand the relation which exists between nopolized by them to their own personal ad van-
! misfortune and frequently produces greater and
j more lasting disability than a wound received in
' action: and he who is discharged on the former
j account after a few months or even weeks faithful
service is as much entitled to consideration as he
who loses an arm m his hrst battle.
j Let the bill to equalize bounties, which has
! been from time to time introduced into Congress,
! be passed, and justice, though long delayed, will at
last be fully accomplished, so far as bounties are
j concerned j then every soldier will receive ac-
j cording to the time actually served.
j Th cean Carrying Trade.
During the year ending June 30, 1880, the ex-
ports from the United States to foreign countries
amounted in value to $823,946,353. The value
j oi importations lor the same period aggregated
something over $667,000,000. The grain, iron,
steel, tobacco and other commodities represent-
' ing these values should have been carried chiefly
To oet our productions into the foreign mar-
kets we were compelled to pay tribute to England,
France, Germany in fact, to almost every Eu
ropean nation to which shipments were made
and the showing is far from creditable to the
j American people.
I Nor is it indicative of our alleged Yankee
shrewdness. If there were any good reason for
i tne existing state .of affairs perhaps that reason
j miSht account, to some extent, for the apathetic
! condition of the public in reference to out ship-
' "" ": "" ". WUUJ
ttitirr -t -4- t-ki-fityl-e nn4- 4-ti riTf i c fy rv '1 ii r Ann -tt'
but there is none
, ,s Prosperous; there is a continually increasing
demand from abroad for American grain and
I Other rirAfl 11 ft Jls Well ns for vnvinil-3 nrtulp nf
' . , . - - -
manulacture, and already our experts lar exceed
all importations. During the year above men-
t a , , -, x-i -. x. , ,-w--
tioned the former exceeded the latter by $lo0,-
nnn rt . ..,,.
000,000. hy is it then, that instead of adding
. , , , ..
yet further to our resources by patronizing ves-
sels carrying our own flag, we are continually
, .. x . u, , tl , . . .
addug to the wdtl, of others h:lv,g no mtevest
.n onr nafonal plenty ? Ihe answer to this
is the very best that can be g.ven, v,z: e have
no sh.p. : onr merchant navy ,. a mere skeleton-
sejircely that. Every eftort to build it up since
.. ,,.,-, tl
the war has ignommiously tailed; not, however,
,-.,..,, , .
lor want of individual enterprise but because of
a mistaken public policy coupled with the parsi-
lllOliy 01 Congress. The foreign Competition IS
. , ,
too strong to be overcome without governmental
., , .. , . , -Tun
assistance, and that has been withheld. Had
n . ., P
Congress during the past ten or even five years
, ,,.,.,..,. " , ,
been one-hall as lavish of funds in support of
our shipping interests as it has been in the im-
provement of the Kiskiminetas and other equally
unknown alleged water-courses, and in making
navigable streams and channels out of mountain
brooklets and swampy inlets, we should to-day
have magnificent lines of ocean steamers run-
1 ning from our chief home ports to the principal
j ports of the Old World. Brazil, China, the Sand-
, wich Islands and Europe would receive the
I products of our soil and workshops from our own
I snips, wnicn wouiu oring nacic irom those coun-
j tries such commodities as the needs of our people
I might require. It is time that the existing o-rder
I ol tilings be done away with. If Congress can
appropriate money, or donate land, or loan the '
Nation's credit to a railroad, it can certainly do '
the same in order to foster the commercial in- I
terests of the country. If it can pay railroad If regimental, hospital, and post surgeons, offi
and other corporations vast sums for carrying . cers of companies, detachments, battalions, regi
the mails Avithin our own territory there is no : ments, and batteries, would but send whatever
good reason why it should not do the same for books and papers of an official character they may
carrying them across the ocean, and especially chance to have in possession to the Adjutant
when by so doing the public interests are sub- General of the Army in this city, much good
served and the national prosperity made more 1
secure and less dependent upon aliens.
It is to be hoped that at the approachi 11 ses
sion some decided steps may be taken by Con
gress to remedy the existing evil state of affairs,
and that such encouragement will be given to
those favorably disposed as will warrant them in
undertaking to compete with those who now
serve us as ocean carriers.
A man who becomes a slave to his own passions
will sooner or later find that he litis chosen a hard
and unrelenting master.
Hartmann, the 3tthilit.
The declaration of his intentions to become a j 't never hear a good farmer remarking that
citizen of the United States, recently filed by Leo. ' he tales no interest in the management of his
Hartmann, the Russian Nihilist, brings up for , farm, nor do we often, if ever, come across a first
consideration a question of the gravest import- rate mm of business who expresses himself sim
ance, and which, sooner or later, the American ' ilarly as to his own affairs. And yet good farm
people must decide. The genius of our peculiar ' ers anil first class business men are frequently
form of Government is opposed to the recogni- j heard t say " we take no interest in politics. It
tion of the sovereign's absolute right over the ' makes o difference to us who is elected." This
'consciences of his subjects; and in our treaties . is all wrong. They should take an interest. And
with foreign powers for the extradition of crimi- it does nake a difference. Every American citi
nals, we therefore provide that their provisions zen, higl or low, rich or poor, is directly con-
; shall not apply to any crime or oliense oi a poini-
cal character. Now, Hartmann claims that, if he
I - - - . t i i
has been guilty of any offense it falls within the
excepted category above mentioned ; and hence,
if a request should be made, in the absence of a
treaty, for his extradition, the nature of his
crime, if any, would be the first subject of inquiry
' on the part of our Government.
states ana Kussia, so lar as tneir respective sys
terns of Government are concerned, are as widely
. , ., , - . . .. .
j the principal and his accessories before and after
the fact, as that relationship is defined by law. j selves questions oi public policy, and to not ac
The question that must be answered, then, in the ; cept, without inquiry, the views of any individ
event of a request that Hartmann be delivered up I ual or party claiming their votes. In other words,
is- this : Is it a purely political crime or offense, ! they should look after their public interests as
according to the correct meaning of the term, to ; citizens of the Republic with the same care that
j deliberately kill or attempt to kill for political
reasons, the lawful sovereign of a friendly power,
or is it murder or an attempt to commit murder?
"VVe hold to the latter opinion. Assassination
is not honorable warfare it is not even respect
able rebellion and a monarch, be he king, em
peror, or czar, is but a man ; to deliberately and
with malice, aforethought, take the life of any
man is murder. And he who assists in such an
j undertaking is equally guilty, or should be so
' held with him who does the deed. If Hartmann
has conspired to take the lite ot the Czar of Kus-
sia, he has conspired to commit murder just as
j surely as he would have done had the person
! against whom he plotted been a private citizen
j proofs of any such conspiracy are presented. We
want no such criminals from abroad. We have
enough of our own to look after, and besides, it
is but right to extend to a friendly power the
same courtesy we would desire under similar
circumstances. Let us suppose that Guiteau, !
after his fiendish attempt upon the life of the .
President, had escaped to Russia or any other i
country, and in order to avoid extradition had
j set up the plea that his was a political crime
only ? Suppose that the Government of the coun-
' 4-w-r t- ti i t r 9 r crfi (rnf ncnlti - l -wj-v- rmrl 4-s i
j LV ' "- - & lum llrtU "luotu lu
( give him up, and upon that ground-what then?
The American people would have been up in arms
no nno io in nnmnnl Tiic rlolii-fiTM- Tlio nncr nf
. r.j. v,
; Hartmann. m principle, is uist the same. He
! x ' .
should not be allowed any greater immunity
, , . "
' from arrest at the instance of his Government
than we would wish to see accorded to Guiteau
under the supposititious circumstances above
. So for as Hartmann's determination to become
citizen of this conntry is concerned, the decla-
rati0 f.led by him ought not to stand in the ,vay
0f extradition and ,ve believe cannot. The mat-
. ter rests solely with the Fvecn tWo of the N-ition
I rusib&oicij v,m tne,xeeutne oi tne nation.
if the "President in tbp wirif nfpnmitv ind irnnd
r ll me 1 iesiaent; m tie spmt oi count and good
; will proper, (as we hope he may in the event
of a requost to that effcct)j to ldiver llim tp thc
nfficpis nf tlu fV-iv Hip pnnvt;f"miinf intpnifKP tn
- omcei 01 tllc tal' tllc C0luts canuot inteiTOse to
envehim md wp'iivfri.iii nf it "WpAvonld irioriiv
,e r;(i 0f Sll0, f.hnru-ters -mrl in order to nrevent
j ueridoisucnciiaracteis, andinordci topreent
fi,n;r ,)ftnii(r tn ftlir ,1,0. nmih'nno tliwr ninf
' their tomillS to our shoies to continue their plot-
tings antl conSpiracics abroad and stir up seditions
" " x- x 0 ..
naturalization of any person charged with any
one of the graver crimes at least, who flees to our
shores for safety. Political crimes that do not
strike at human life, or that are of such magni- j
tude as amount to open war or rebellion of nuni-
, hers like that we experienced in 1SG1-5, may be '
j properly excepted from the operation of such a l
iaWj but murder, attempted murder, and conspir- j
' acies to commit it should be included without :
, regard to the condition in life of the victim, or
' the political or other reasons prompting it.
The War Department experiences considerable J
difficulty in furnishing the military histories of
soldiers "called for by the Pension Office, owing
to the incomplete condition of the records.
The rolls could then be corrected in many in
stances, and, as a matter of course, many soldiers
or claimants for pension would be benefitted
The dark clouds of misfortune which some
times gather over us are frequently but the fore
runners of plentiful showers of blessings that de
scend from above to cheer and impart new strength
and vigor to our drooping spirits.
Good soldiers make good citizens.
Interest in Politics.
nfw rr i- 4-n. ........... A T ?! T" x . i1 Jl
w-i. . lhu -nerai prosperity, it is uie uuiy
' r each and every man of them to assist in over
, seeing puuic attairs, and thus aid in securing the
common good of all.
j Tt is ther dtv to that the National estate
is farmed to the best possible advantage; that
the resources are properly husbanded and applied;
and that t'aose employed to do the work, from the
President down to the lowest office holder, per
forms each his allotted task in a satisfactory
manner, an! in accordance with the written law
j and instructions of the people employing them.
j Politics is a business, and should be engaged in
i li ...T -i i.rv a xl... ,....1 VI.,. f i .
tage. Men should learn to investigate for them-
they would look after those of a personal nature
in their capacity as individuals and nembers of
the community in which they reside.
When this latter course shall be male the rule,
instead of the exception, the country will be
better governed, mere prosperous and anited, and
there will be less opportunity for scheming poli
ticians to advance their own interests at the
A Questionable Luxury.
Men and women are strange cr-atures; and
the more the characters of some an studied, the
less do we understand them. Thejare made up,
to a considerable extent, of the m6t glaring in
consistencies. Some people enjo" tribulation.
They are never so happy, apparntly, as when
they are or should be most miseable. To such
an one reverse of fortune come as a gleam of
sunshine on a dark day. Men ta suffering brings
with it a blissful sense of eniyment, and the
infliction of bodily pain develoes the most ex
quisite and pleasurable sensatias.
The reason for all this may e found, at least
in part, in the fact that menand women, gen
erally speaking, crave notorier and sympathy.
Anything calculated to attra: the attention of
others to themselves is welcmed by such, no
matter how paiuful to hysical
' , , ,",. ., ox
mental faculties it may prov. So that life is
spared, that is all they ask, preiding their afflic-
, tions receive proper reC0nliti0:fr0m those about
A representative of one of fe lower orders of
, ? -. . . x-, ,
; the class referred to is the hronie grumbler,
! CT -, .
He or she is never at rest, s to speak, except
, ,. - ,, , ' J.
when finding fault. Take aav the power to
, .... ,. ,, " . ,.
carp and criticize: disarm tl tongue, and life
at Quce ,ecome, a jjurden
I . , , " .
f Another class is made upc those who take
' ddI ht hl wlllt thev see t0 tcm, bad
luck omu.ri lw to oft; them,elve3
j We have scen fanu(;rs ,vho mmUe '
, for week if til u cllcd
' -. ,. - . ,,
r thh tiie r0ntme of one iiys labor without
' . . , ,
acci(nt aiul careful housewes who would do
Mkewi8e if there should not to Le at fte
To sueh le the j toWvL so?: yyith hJch
' ., , .
. they announce their each mhp is hut a vocal-
',... , -
ization of joy an exclamata; of satisfaction at
the result. Such people can Inet with in almost
, evcrv commmiit
iney may ue, and douutis are, good enough
, Tieonle in the niain : the eh i nhiPPtinn tn Vhm
j ljeillg the fact that in order tie seemingly happy
j i--- J J WW I,UV,IU
themselves, it is necessary at they keep their
neighbors in an uncomforta; frame of mind by
compelling them to listen their ceaseless com
plainings. And as a rule ry are not satisfied
with any ordinary expression sympathy. They
forget that even this mosfetimable quality of
human nature may be exlisted, and therefore
; expect that however often thcarry their buckets
! to the well, each will in ev instance be filled
to overflowing. And if imis they are disap-
1 TA1tlPl nilflTlirir ovnmiQ l-rn-,n,l -.-..-. 4.1. .. 1.
! ' ,lu p ""uu0u
f' 0ver thlS ,new tr0Uf' the' ma reach
l c '
i i.r n t 1 . iT
aim enjoy me ecstacies win result irom meir
real or imaginary misfortm Surely this is a
strange world, but not half curious as some of
the people who live in it.
The bravest man may sv pale in the face
of danger, but not through fi; it is only because
he realizes his peril. It ise realization that
makes him brave, for the cord would flee ; yet
j he remains, knowing well thail tenure by which
j ne holds his life,
""Those who have subscribte- The National
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by sending one dollar addital prior to October
20th they wrill be entitled receive the weekly
edition for one year (fifwo numbers) from,
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