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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, AUGUST 27, 1881.
Claimants and Attorneys.
We have been frequently asked by those de
siring to apply for a pension. "Do I need an at
torney ?' Our answer 1ms been, "An agent is
not absolutely necessary, but yet we advise that
every applicant employ a thoroughly competent and , missioner in charge; J. H. Hobbs, assistant; to be
reliable attorney to represent his interests, and ( composed of expert examiners, to review all claims
then follow his advice and trust everything to before final action is taken by the office. Details
him." I for the board will be made by the Commissioner.
Our reason for this is. that by availing himself 2. Medical Division Dr. T. B. Hood, medical
of the assistance of one having a competent ' referee in charge; Dr. X. F. Graham, assistant; to
knowledge of the practice and requirements of have charge of the work required of examining
the Pension Office a claimant may secure an surgeons, to review their reports, and to determine
. early settlement of his case, and in thiswise: the degree of pensionable disability found in in
Such an attorney is able to judge as to what the ' valid claims; and to perform such other duties
requirements of the Department will be that ' touching medical and surgical questions as the
is, what evidence will be necessary to com- interest of the service may demand,
plete the case and upon filing the claim, or 3. Division of Special Examination H. R. Me
Trithin a reasonable time thereafter, will call for ! Calmont, chief; W. E. Duliu, assistant; to have
the testimony in advance of the official requisi- charge of claims requiring special examination in
tion. Thus, while the Adjutant-General and vicinity of claimant and witnesses; to direct the
Surgeon-General are getting up copies of the method of inquiry by responsible examiners; to
military and hospital records of a soldier, the 1 have charge of all matters pertaining to attorneys
attorney and claimant are procuring the testi- ' practicing before the office ; to keep a record of
mony, and when the call from the Department ' the official character of notaries and justices of
arives it is pretty much all readv for filing that the peace, and to aid in prosecuting offenders
is, if the applicant himself has not been neglect
ful of his own interests.
An attorney, however, to be of value must be
-consulted in regard to questions of evidence
instead of the Department or others. All evi
dence should be sent to him in order that he
may keep track of the proofs, and if communi-
cations are received from the Department direct
thev should also be sent to him. No separate '
correspondence touching the case should be kept
up with the Pension Office. All communications .
should be through the attorney: 1st, that he may
know every step taken ; 2d, to save the Depart- j
ment the unnecessary labor of a double corre
spondence. Each claimant should aho remember that he
or she is not the only client the attorney has, and
therefore avoid troubling him with unnecessary
Inquiries. Touching evidence, they of course j
sbould write whenever information is desired, J
"but when notified that the claim awaits official
action no applicant ought to address the attorney
merely to inquire how the case is progressing.
Due information will be ijiven at the earliest
possible moment. It is as much to the attornev's
interest to have each case disposed of promptly fornia, Oregon, and the several Territories,
as to the claimant's. I 8. Southern Division L. E. Dickey, chief ; J.
In conclusion we would say: ' D. Smith, assistant; to have charge of the settle-
1. Employ no attorney who is not thoroughly ' mentof claims arising out of military service dur
posted and reliable. ing the late war in organizations belonging to the
2. Having engaged an attorney, comply strictly States of Maryland, Virginia. "West Virginia, North
and promptly with all his requirements for evi- ' Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Ala
dence. Even if it appears to you that he is call- ' bama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Kentucky,
ing for the same proofs twice over, remember he ; Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas, and the District of
is the better judge, and may see defects in the Columbia, and the several organizations of colored
proofs sent which you overlooked. troops.
3. Be sure that all testimonv is taken strictlv 9. Record Division "W. T. Ford, chief; E. E.
in accordance with his suggestions. ' Fuller, assistant ; to have charge of the recording
4. See that such evidence is sent direct to him. ! and numbering of the claims as they are received
5. Hold no correspondence with the Depart- , in the office, and to have the custody of the rec
xaent except through your attorney, for the rea- ords ; and to brief the evidence filed to secure its
sons already stated. ' transmission to appropriate claims.
6. "When vou have been notified bv your attor- ; 10. Certificate and Account Division Frank
ney that the claim awaits official action be patient Moore, chief; M. B. Johnson, assistant; to have
and do not take up his time by writing,. You ' charge of the issuing, numbering, and recording
will hear from him so soqu fts occasion requires, i of certificates granting pensions, &c.
7. When notified thftf tlie claim awaits your ' 11. Agents' Division C. F. Sawyer, chief; to
cwn action ntoecl at once to comply with the have charge of the disbursement of pension funds,
last Jturements made upon you. &c.
8. "When you are absolutely unable to furnish ; 12. Mail Division D. L. Gitt. chief: John Rich
any portion of the evidence called for notify your mond, assistant; to have charge of the receipt and
attorney at once, giving the reasons why you I" dispatch of mail: jacketing and briefing cases, &c.
cannot comply. j 13. Mr. J. "W. Howell is designated as appoint
By following these rules you will find that ' ment and financial clerk, and will have super
things will move along smoothly, and that your vision of all public property, making monthly re
claim will progress more rapidly to a settlement ports to the Commissioner.
than it can if you are continually taking up the
-time of the Department and of your attorney by
seedless inquiries which only produce delay.
One of .Mr. Bentlev's Orders to lie Revoked.
Commissioner Dudley proposes to revoke what
is known as Mr. Bentley s Order No. 292, which
in snhstance provided that where the claimant
wrote to the Pension Office complaining that his
or her attorney had demand d a fee in advance,
all further official correspondence should be con
ducted with such claimant direct, no subsequent
power of attorney being recognized. The order
acted as a disbarment of the recognized agent
without cause or hearing, and also the denial to
the claimant of the right of being represented by
an attornev in all subsequent proceedings. The
revocation is a measure of justice, the occasion for
which siiould have never arisen, and will benefit ,
claimants even more than the attorneys.
The name of Scott seems destined to flourish
perennially in America as the synonym for suc
cess in one or another field of glorious achieve
ments. Captain Martin eott, who fell fighting grailitc the motto of the State, "All for our
gallantly at Molino del Key, was the famous , Country,'' and below the date, 1831. The figures
marksman of half a century ago, of whom it is Qr tie jjate yyi ije plated with gold. The gran
told that a coon at which he was aiming came ; f.mimnsinr it is the hardest ever seen. That
down from his tree and surrendered at discretion.
Of the great "Winfield, who gloriously vindicated
his right to a name so auspicious to a warrior,
every American is justly proud, and his exploits
fill a brilliant page in our country's annals. And
.as if to prove that " Peace hath its victories no
less renowned than "War," the name of Scott is
imperishably associated with the greatest and , Knowledge becomes valuable only in propor
most successful railway system that has been de- ' tion as it is utilized or made capable of being
velopcd in the "Western Hemisphere. Nor has the ' utilized by its possessor. To impart instruction
death of the great railroad king ended the sue- as an abstract principle to consider the whole
cession of illustrious Scotts. Dr. George A. Scott, object of the transmission of knowledge as at
the eminent electrician and inventor of the Elec- , tained when the mind of the pupil has received
trie Hair Brush, worthily prolongs the line, and the ideas sought to be conveyed does not fulfill
wresting from nature some of her profoundest the important mission of a teacher, in the true
secrets, brings health and vigor to thousands of and highest sense of the term. Together with
his fellow' mortals, who rise up and bless his name, ideas thus imparted or truths taught the teacher
Ko wonder then that by common consent the name to make the work effective and complete, sus
of Scott has passed into ourlanguageas the epitome ceptible of accomplishing the greatest good, must
of all that is great in human endeavors, and gen- convey means whereby and through which the
erations yet unborn will doubtless send ringing learning acquired by the student may be made
down the corridors of time, as the best expres- ( useful. To the majority of those who study it
sion of their sense of illustrious actions, the ex- , is the practically useful only that is valuable,
clamation with which we head this article, and j ;
which fitly closes it, "Great Scott!"
The total gross expenditure made by the Gen
eral Government, on account of the war of the
to June 30. 1SS0. amounts to
CHANGES IN THE PENSION OFFICE.
An order was issued August 16, by Commis
sioner of Pensions Dudley reorganizing the force
in the office into the following-named divisions :
1. Board of Review C. B. Walker, deputy coin-
against the pension law.
4. Old "War and Navv Division "W. H. "Webster,
chief; T. "W. Dal ton, assistant; to have charge of
the settlement of all claims on account of service
in wars prior to March 4, 1801 ; claims on account
of service in the Regular Army and the Navy, and
in all other general organizations not belonging
especially to any State or Territory.
5. Eastern Division Fred. Mack, chief; J. M.
Curtis, assistant; to have charge of the settlement
of all claims arising out of military service during
the late war in organizations from the several New
England States, and also from the States of New
York, New Jersey, and Delaware.
G. Middle Division F. D. Stephenson, chief;
A. F. Kingsley, assistant : to have charge of the
settlement of late Avar claims on account of mili
tary service in organizations belonging to the
States of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Michigan.
7. "Western Division John M. Comstock, chief;
D. A. McKuight, assistant ; to have charge of the
settlement of late war claims on account of mili
tary service in organizations belonging to the
States of Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, "Wisconsin, Min
nesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Nevada, Colorado, Cali-
14. The miscellaneous work of the office and its
necessary clerical force, now under Mr. A. Van
geuder; the laborers and watchmen, under Mr.
John Dickerson; the general messengers, under
Mr. Joseph Jackson, and all other clerks and em-
pi0yes not especially assigned to any division, as
Avefi as tie general oversight of the clerical force
0f the office, will be under tlie immediate control
of the chief clerk. The chief clerk will make
a consolidated report to the Commissioner at
the end of each month, showing the condition of
the business of the office and its clerical force.
A BLOCK OF GRANITE.
The block of granite which Nevada contributes
to be placed in the "Washington Monument has
been receiving the finishing touches at the hands
of the sculptor, John Barrett. The last of the
silver letters in the name of the State were
just being let into the panel. Those letters are
of solid silver, are about as thick as a silver dol
lar, some six inches in height, and of proportion
ate width. They are so neatly fitted into the
solid granite that the joint is almost invisible.
Above the word '"Nevada' is deeply cut in the
part which is polished is almost blue in color,
while the remainder presents a somewhat gray
. v- L Q
appearance. Mr. Barrett, who has worked Ameri
can granites in the Atlantic States and European
granites in the Old World, says he has never seen
a harder bit of stone of the kind.
l l never wonuer io see men wickcu, out. i oiten
' wonder to see them not ashamed.
Love of flattery, in most men, proceeds from
the mean opinion they have of themselves; in
women, from the contrary.
A SURVIVOR OF DARTMOOR PRISON.
From the Rochester Courier.
The recent death of Captain Hardie, of Balti
more, who was a prisoner at Dartmoor Prison,
England, and who was present at the massacre,
has called out from the Baltimore Sun and others
the claim that Captain Hardie was the last sur
vivor of that memorable affray. Rochester
people will not be satisfied with such a state
ment, when it is well known that the venerable
David "Wingate, a native of Rochester, and now
living with his son, Samuel "Wingate, on the
Salmon Falls Road, a little more than two miles
from the village, is a survivor of this massacre.
Mr. "Wingate has been a sturdy farmer, an up
right citizen, a devout Christian man, with whom
it is a pleasure to converse. On Saturday, in
company with a friend, we called at the house of
this white-haired old patriarch, and found him
"hale and hearty " and free to converse upon the
subject. "No," said he, "Captain Hardie was
not the last survivor, nor am I, for there is now
a man living in Portland, Me., who was in Dart
moor Prison:" and then the old gentleman, in
a rapid and vivacious manner, said: "I w,ill tell
you all about it, for I was there, and can remem
ber all that took place." "We will give almost
the exact words the old gentleman used, for he
has a good command of language, and his simple,
truthful way and manner will be much more
effective than any embellishments we could give.
"In Jul', 1811, we sailed from St. Mary's,
Georgia, with a full cargo of pine lumber, which
we discharged at Chatham dock yards, on the
Medway, a branch of the Thames. After un
loading our cargo we dropped down the channel
to Falmouth, England, where, on our arrival, and
even before our sails were quite furled, our vessel
was boarded by a 'Press Gang.' I was on the
topsail yard at the time, and was singled out by
the gang, who claimed that I was an Englishman.
I told them I was an American sailor, but was
held and put on the old hulk Experiment, a
guard-ship, and afterwards put on the receiving
ship San Salvador, where were a large number of
pressed men. I was finally drafted to go into
the service. After two months spent in transit,
mostly cruising, we arrived at the island of
Monoca, in the Mediterranean Sea, where was an
English naval station, in command of Rear-Ad-
mir-il TirL mnrp HTTiYmnc T.rkiv TTotitv fifnno
and James Connolly, of Boston ; James Thayer,
of Hi-ngham, Mass., and myself, all Americans
and pressed men, were placed on board of the
Admiral's ship, Gorgon.
" "When news arrived that war had actually
begun between America and Great Britain there
was great uneasiness among the prisoners con
cerning the treatment we were then receiving;
for, by the law of nations, prisoners of war have
certain rights which all nations concede. The
prisoners wanted me to- go to the quarter-deck,
act as spokesman, and claim our rights as pris
oners of war, for we had been pressed into the
service. "We knew our rights and dared to de
mand them. "We were urged to enlist in the
royal service, and told that we should never have
to fight America, as we would be attached to the
Mediterranean fleet ; if we refused we should be
put on two-thirds rations and be put in irons
But no prisoner would yield, and we were put in
irons for twentv-four hours, when thev were
taken off; we were given the liberty of the ship
and treated as well as we could expect under the
circumstances. After a long stay at Monoca, two
hundred and thirty of us prisoners, pressed men
who refused to do duty for the English, were
taken from the Mediterranean fleet and sent to
Gibraltar, where we stayed six weeks. Some of
us were put on a sloop-of-war, commanded by
Captain "William Bissel. Twenty of us were put
in chains, for old Billv Bissel mistrusted that we
had a plan to take the ship.
" Many of the prison ships at the Mediterranean
were those taken by Lord Nelson, EKgland's
greatest naval commander, at Copenhagen. I
had now been in the service as a pressed man
and on transit as a prisoner almost two and a
half years, and I have now a pair of woollen
stockings given me by a man who was drowned
in attempting to escape by swimming from the
fleet while at anchor. At Dartmoor prison we
were put into cell No. 7, and were well treated,
for they looked upon us as resolute men avIio
feared nothing. "We had been there about six
months, when news came of the treaty of peace,
signed at Ghent, between America and England,
and from that time until our discharge we in
dulged in hilarity and sports. On the 6th of
April, while engaged in our yard playing ball,
the ball was thrown over into the yard occupied
by soldiers as barracks. We demanded the ball,
and our demand was refused, when, finding a
weak place in the wall, some of the prisoners
tore out the bricks, and one man crawled partly
through, when he was driven back by the sentry
at the point of the bayonet. This was the cause
of the massacre, though the soldiers did not want
to hurt the prisoners.
"The joyful demonstrations being kept up,
Cammander Shortland appeared and ordered us
to our dungeons, which request the prisoners re
fused to comply with. He then took a musket
and fired, and then ordered the troops to fire at
us, which they did, firing over our heads, for the
troops didn't want to hurt unarmed men. The
shots were received with derisive shouts. They
fired a second time, and six men were killed and
twelve were wounded. This quelled the mani
festations of joy, and we went into the dungeon.
Twenty days after, on the 20th of April, we were
discharged. Nobody can tell our feelings. Some
of us had been almost three years as pressed men
on the fleet in the Mediterranean, as prisoners of
war, in transit or in the dungeon, and I felt
almost as though I could fly for joy at once more
gaining my liberty. I came home, and upon the
soil of the Id Granite State have breathed the
air of freedom.
A polished Scotch granite sarcophagus, nearly
nine feet in length, has been placed upon the
grave of General Joseph Hooker, in Spring Grove
Cemetery, in Cincinnati. The style of architec
ture is of the Grecian school, combined with
shields of the mediaeval age, and the whole con
stitutes one of the finest specimens of the stone
cutter's art to be found in the cemetery. The
monument cost about $7,000.
WHAT A MAN DOES IN FIFTY YEARS.
According to the French statistician, taking the
mean of many accounts, a man of fifty years of
age has slept G,000 days, worked 6,500 days,
walked 800 days, amused himself 4,000 days, was
eating 1,500 days, was sick 500 days, &c. He ate
17,000 pounds of bread, 16,000 pounds of meat,
4,600 pounds of vegetables, eggs, and fish, and
drank 7,000 gallons of liquid, viz: water, coffee,
tea, beer, wine, &c, all together. This would
make a respectable lake of 300 square feet surface
and three feet deep, on which a small steamboat
could navigate. And all this solid and liquid ma
terial passing through a human being in fifty
The death of Willie Cahill, of Utica, frm lock
jaw, revives these remarks from an exchange:
"Every little while we read of a case of lock
jaw terminating fatally, arising from a wound in
the feet or limbs from rusty nails. Of course
every rusty nail wound does not give the lock
jaw, but it is so easy to prevent anyone from do
ing it, that we are surprised at people's careless
ness, and tke danger they submit themselves to
thereby. If a wound caused by a rusty nail, a
cut of an axe, or other tool or any incised wound,
or even a sprain, is thoroughly exposed to the
smoke of burning wood or woolen fabrics, unless
the wool is very, very bad, the inflammation is all
taken out, the wound heals from the bottom, and
all danger of tetanus is removed. The modus
operandi is as follows: In a convenient recep
tacle of iron or fire-proof vessel place a quantity
of lire coals from a wood fire. On these throw a
small handful of wool or woole-u rags, then hold
the wound over the smoke, as close to the burn
ing mass as the heat will allow, covering the
wounded portion with a blanket draped over
that and the fire. Continue the smoke by add
ing fresh fire or weol as o.fteu as necessary for
from twenty minutes to three-fourths of an hour,
according to the severity of the wound, or the
amount of inflammation already existing. After
smoking, the wound should be dressed in the ap
proved method, leaving the mouth of the wound
open for the discharge. The treatmeut will im
mediately allay the pain, remove inflammation,
and put it in a condition for healing by the ' first
intention.' It is a positive prevention of tetanus,
and the best healing agent known. The smok
ing should be repeated if the inflammation in
creases or the pain returns.''
In 1132 the earth cracked bv reason of the heat,
the welLs and streams in Alsace all dried up, and
the bed of the River Rhine was dry.
In 1152 the heat was so great that sand exposed
to the sun's ravs was hot enough to cook eggs.
In 1160 great numbers of soldiers in the cam
paign against Bela died from the heat.
In 1214 the Thames River could be crossed near
London by wading, after the excessive heat had
lasted for four months.
In 1276 and 1277 crops of hay and oats failed
In 1303 and 1304 a man could have crossed,
dry shod, over the rivers Seine, Loire, Rhine, and
In 1393 and 1394 a multitude of animals per
ished by the heat, which was so great that the
harvests dried up.
In 1440 the heat was extraordinary.
France was once terribly tried in this way far
a series of six years, A-iz., from 1523 to 1533, in
clusive. The crops were nearly burned up, the
rivers dried away, and while the whole land suf
fered from famine, epidemics broke out at Paris,
Marseilles, Lyens, Lille, and other large cities.
In 153S, 1539, 1540, and 1541 all the rivers were
neai'ly dried up.
In 1552 not a drop of rain fell in some places
for three and a half months, and the sky glowed
like a coal. All the rivers Avere exhausted, and
such was the consequent "rim'' upon the mills to
get grain ground to flour that people fought furi
ously for the first chance, and many persons were
killed. In some districts the inhabitants had to
make a circuit of several leagues in search of
In 1556 there was a great drouth, which ex
tended over nearly the whole of Europe.
In 1615 and 1616 there was in Italy, France,
and the Netherlands an overpowering heat.
In 1648 there were 58 consecutive days of ex
1678 was very hot, as were the years 1681, 1705;
In 1718 it did not rain a single time from April
until October. The growing grain was burnt, the
rivers dried up, the theatres (but wherefore is not
stated) were closed by command of the police.
The thermometer showed 36 degrees Reaumer,
equivalent to 113 degrees Fahrenheit. In irri
gated gardens the fruit trees bloomed twice.
In 1719 similar heats occurred with like results.
The cattle perished wholesale and thousands of
human lives were stifled out by the hot air.
In 1723 and 1724 there was great heat.
The summer of 1746 was hot and dry, the grow
ing grain being calcined. It did not rain for
1748, 1754, 1760, and 1767 were years in which
the summers were extremely hot.
In 1788 all Europe was scourged with heat and
drought, which were renewed in 1803. Normandy
is the great rain region of France, yet in the year
mentioned not a shower descended during the
lapse of ninety-five days. The river Seine almost
literally disappeared near Paris, and the face of
the country presented, with the glowing firma
ment overhead, a picture that realized the "land
of iron beneath skies of brass " in the awful Scrip
tural denunciation of Judea.
In the famous comet year 1811 the summer
was warm, and the wine produced that season
was very precious
In 1818 the theatres had to be closed on account
of the heat, the highest temperature being 35
Reaumer, or 112 Fahrenheit.
In France during three days of the revolution
of July, in 1830, the thermometer stood at 36 de
grees Centigrade, about 97 Fahrenheit, and in
1832, during the uprising of the 5th and 6th of
July, the temperature was about the same.
Since 1832 there have been several exceedingly
hot summers, but which being of comparatively
recent date will not be mentioned.
The President still lies in a critical condition.
He is excessively weak, wasted in flesh, and it is
considered doubtful whether, in view of the dis
ordered state of his stomach, his strength can be
sustained long enough to carry him through the
crisis of disease. To-day (the 24th) the swelling
of the parotid gland was lanced, opening a new
drain upon his system. The wound in his side
is reported as doing well ar this writing. It is
hoped he may survive but the chances appear to
be so evenly balanced, that it is difficult to fore
tell what the final result will be.
General Leslie Coombs died in Lexington, Kyn
August 23, in the eightieth year of his age.
Colonel James G. Benton, Ordnance Depart
ment United States Anny, in command of Spring
field armorv, is dead.
General Erastus S. Purdy, of the Egyptian
army, who belonged to the First California and
afterwards the Thirty-second New York Volun
teers during the late Avar, and also served on the
staffs of Generals Franklin and McDowell, died
recently in Cairo, Egypt, aged forty-two years.
TVe Third Brigade Pennsyh-ania National
Guard Militia is holding its annual encampment
at Camp Garfield, near Wilksbarre. Twenty-five
hundred men have reported for duty. The Ninth,
Thirteenth, Fourth and Eighth regiments, Battery
A and the "Wyoming Artillery are on the ground
Captain IL "W. Howgate. recently arrested at
the instance of General "W. B. Hazen, for embez
zlement of Signal Service funds is getting into
deeper trouble than ever. Another defalcation of
$50,000 has been discovered.
Reports from all parts of the country show a
great scarcity of water, owing to the severe
The ExecutiVe Committee of the Society of the
Army of the Cumberland, for the Northwest, have
dewded not to hold a Reunion in Chicago this fall,
but to join in the one to be held in Chattanooga,
September 20th and 21st, to which all soldiers
avIio served in this army haAe been inA'ited.
It is intended on this occasion to visit Nasb.
ville, also the battle fields of Stone River, Mission
ary Ridge, Lookout Mountain, and Chicamauga.
Additional information can be obtained by
addressing Charles A. Stone, corresponding secre
tary, P. O. box 8,000. Chicago.
It is proposed to hold at Point of Pines, Mass.,
about Sept. 10, a sham battle. The Eighth Regi
ment and the Grand Army of Lynn Avill consti
tute the forces, the battle to occur in the evening
oft the Point, Avith all the effects, including forts,
gunboats, &c. During the coming Aveek illumi
nations and fireworks Avill be given each evenings
and concerts afternoon and evening bA the Ger
manias. ARMY REUNIONS.
At Kittanning, Pa., on September 15, the third
day of the Armstrong County Fair, there Avill be
a joint Reunion of the One-Hundred-and-First.
One-Hundred-and-Third, and One-Hundred-and
Thirty-Ninth PennsylA'ania Volunteers, and the
Eighth PennsA'rvania Reserves.
A Reunion of the One-Hundred-and-Twenty-fifth
Regiment PennsA-lA-ania Volunteers will be
held at Huntingdon, in that State, September 17,
the anniversary of tire battle of Antietam. Sur
A'iving comrades are requested to send their ad
dresses to Milton S. Lytle, Huntingdon.
The twelfth annual reunion of the Eighty-third
Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers Avill be held
at North East, Erie county. Tuesday, September
Company H, Tenth Massachusetts Volunteers,
Avill hold their annual reunion for 1831 at Shel
burne Falls, Mass., September 7th and 8th.
The Eastern Iowa Veteran Association hold
their annual Reunion at Maquoketa on the 5th, 6th,
and 7th of October next, and a cordial invitation,
is extended to all soldiers, enlisted men, and offi
cers of eA'erv arm of the service engaged in the
late Avar to attend and participate in the exercises
of the occasion. Ample provisions Avill be made
to entertain all who may be present.
A grand Reunion of the Grand ArniA of the Re
public and Veteran Soldiers of Maine, will be held
at Lake Marranocook, September 1st.
The Reunion of the First Maine Cavalry will be
held at Dover, on Wednesday. August 31. The
oration Avill be delivered by Col. J. B. Peaks of
D.over. Prominent officers of the organization
Avill make the responses. Ex-Governor DaA-is
Avill be present.
The Steuben County (N. Y.) Soldiers7 and
Sailors' Association hold a Reunion and picnic at?
Grove Spring, near Bath, September 9th.
The eighth annual Reunion of the old Twelfth.
("Webster) Mass. Regiment, Tuesday, August 30,
Avill, this A'ear. include an excursion to Gloucester.
The Reunion of the Twenty-second Mass. Regi
ment and Third Battery Association Avill occur at
Lexington in that State Oct. 1. instead of Leomin
ster, as heretofore published.
The soldiers of Stephenson county, 111., Avill
hold a Reunion on September 16. General Logan
Avill be the principal speaker.
The Cedar county, Iowa, veterans hold a Reun
ion at Tipton, September 29th and 30th.
The survivors of the Fourteenth N. J. Vols..
Gen. Truax's old regiment, Avill hold their third
annual Reunion at Elizabeth, N. J., on the 19th
of October, proximo.
The Thirteenth Ohio Vol. Infantry Avill hold
its annual Reunion at Massillon, in that State,
A grand Reunion of the ex-pupils of the Ohio
Soldier's and Sailors' Orphans Home Avill be held
at that institution near Xeuia, on Tuesday, Wed
nesday, and Thursday, September 6th, 7th, and
8th, 1881. Arrangements are being made for re
duced railroad fares, and everything possible will
be done to make this occasion an enjoyable one.
The capture of Jeff. Davis cost 97,032.
During the period beginning March 4, 1739,
and ending June 30, 1880, the Government paid
out, on account of pensions, $547,241,335.
During the same period $2,105,680,421.61 were
paid out as interest upon the public debt.
Since 1361 the Government has paid out, a
account of pensions, $476,493,270.64.