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W FRONT OF YORKTOWN.
ITS EVACUATION BY THE CONFEDERATES.
How the Pickett; Took the Town Blown Up by Torncdot-".
A Johnny Ileb-A Happy Contraband 200-Found
Shells and a Demolished Cook-honsc.
For The National Tribuxk.
During the latter part of April tlie enemy
made many attempts to drive in the Union
pickets and take the rifle-pits constructed espe
cially upon the right of the line in front of York
town. They were repulsed, however, upon each
occasion. The parallels were well up to the rebel
works by the 1st of May, nearly all the besieging
guns in position, and it was generally expected
that by the 5th or Gth at farthest they would
be opened in force.
On the night of the 3d the men in the trenches,
as well as the pickets beyond, were made aware
of the fact that something unusual was transpir
ing -within the Confederate stronghold. There
was an unusual activity manifested, and in
several localities large fires lit up the horizon, and
in some instances revealed the grim outlines of i
Besides, the enemy's guns, usually silent during
the night, kept up a continuous cannonade, and
the heavens were illuminated with the light of
bursting shell until nearly daylight. The mortar ;
practice was exceedingly fine to witness, but j
owing to its accuracy rather disagreeable to the j
troops in camp east of Worniley s Creek, where
the main body of the besieging force was located.
Occasionally a 100-pounder or 200-pounder
from Battery Number One on the Union side
-would renlv. but as a general thing the Federal
artillery remained quiet. I
At daylight on the 4th the Union pickets were j
suprised at the unusual stillness in their front, j
Ordinarily the dawn had brought with it the j
dropping fire of the rebel sharpshooters and
Magruder's morning gun, but no such demonstra
tion welcomed them. Presently one man, bolder
or more rash than his comrades, stepped up out
of the shallow trench in which he had found ;
protection; others, seeing him unharmed, did j
the same, and within five minutes the whole j
picket line covering half a mile in extent of the j
Union front, broke from cover and made for York- (
town on the double-quick. Almost every regi- j
ment in the Third. Corps was represented. The j
pickets, transformed into skirmish line, swept on j
across the level space, and had traversed nearly !
if not quite half the distance to the fort when a ;
loud explosion in their midst sent a thrill through
every vein. One member of Company G of the j
Twenty-second Massachusetts, slightly iii ad- J
vance of the others, had trodden upon and ex-
ploded a torpedo, and the result was six men
were blown up and seriously wounded. !
After that the troops made haste slowly. The :
dotted here and there with little J
-4?skl.-r fi.il 4li.pn -trk.-i utttAAitli' OVAIllnil Oiul frkV
, ' A. . J , ., .
as to be exploded by the '
.T,.l;i 1... .11.,..
In less than ten minutes the fort was reached, '
and the men, tumbling into the ditch, soon '
scrambled up the opposite slope and stood upon
the parapet. In the twinkling of an eye the j
stars and stripes were unfurled, and Yorktown
was occupied. i
In company with those who first entered the
town was a detachment of the Thirteenth New '
York Volunteers. ;
A few moments after the explosion of the tor- j
pedo referred to one of the men discovered a
"Johnny Reb" partially concealed behind a little i
clump of bushes. Bringing his gun down he was j
about to fire when the Confederate cried out,
"For God's sake don't shoot !" and walked up to
the Boys in Blue, lie turned out to be a
Northern man named G rover, known to many- j 1)reseutcd with the original gate-post to the
of the "Thirteenth,' and who had been doing Andersonville stockade recently, has had a sec
business in the South at the outbreak of the war. j tion of jt sawed up and sent to several Grand
Thinking the threatened hostilities would soon I ,rmy Posts, suitable pieces for gavel-heads.
lass away, he had remained too long, and, event- gfcuicn (A7. Y.) Courier.
ually compelled to enter the rebel army, had j
taken advantage of his first opportunity to desert.
In Yorktown he held the post of ordnance ser
geant, and his services after capture proved
valuable in pointing out the locations of the
About nine o'clock a detachment of cavalry
attempted to enter the town through the main J
gateway on the southwest, -and the leading horse 1
auu naer were killed oy ti torpeuo imneu in tne
road A number of "Oilier explosions occurred
through carelessness but no one else was injured.
Inside the fort everything was in disorder;
tents were dowii, guns dismounted, stores were
strewn over the ground, and, in addition to these
signs of destruction, the buildings, parapets, and
bomh-proofe gave evidence of the effectiveness
of the fire from the heavy battery of 100 and
200-poundcrs located about 2,500 yards east on
the snugin of the river.
The only occupant to Ik- seen was an old darkey,
who' claimed to have been Magru der's cook. " IV
'Gotl, Massa, I'se glad yo' come," said he to one of
the men. "I'se pow'ful glad, I is." And then,
pointing to the wreck of a small shanty close by,
'he continued: "Dar's wha' dis darkey mos' kill.
See dar? One ob dem big chu-chu-whack! fel
lers mos' big's a bar'l kim out'r ovah dah when
Hlis' chile dar gettin ob Massa Magruder's break-
'TO CARE FOR HIM
fas'. Den dis darkey no whar! De stove, and
de pans, and de pots, and de cabin all went out'r
de winder, and den bang! Golly, Use frighten'
From all that could be gathered it appeared
that one of the 200-pound shell had struck the
cook-house, and that its occupant escaped with
his life was a miracle, for the heavy mass of metal
exploded almost instantly.
An examination of the works demonstrated
their great strength. The bastioned fronts look
ing towards the Union approaches were from fif
teen to eighteen feet thick, with a ditch of from
eight to ten feet in depth, and the water batteries
had parapets averaging eighteen feet in thickness.
All were well made in every respect.
Emplacements existed for something like forty
guns, mostly of large calibre, some of which (one
8-inch columbiad, one 42-pounder, and one S-inch
siege howitzer) were left behind, dismounted.
Bomb-proofs, magazines, and covered-ways be
tween the guns, taken in connection with the
other details, left no room for doubt that the
works, well garrisoned, could have withstood the
assaults of almost any number of men from the
They must have eventually succumbed to a
seige, but the danger to the enemy of being cut
off by a movement up the river to their rear, pre
cipitated a withdrawal, which was effected as
THE FRENCH AT YORKTOWN.
The French Military Commission which, in ac
cordance with the request of the Government of
the United States, will participate in the centen
nial celebration of the surrender of Yorktown by
the British, consists of General Boulanger as head
of the commission ; Colonel Bossau, of the dra
goons: Lieutenant-Colonel Blondel, of the arti
lery; Major Depusy, of the engineers, and Cap
tain Masson. The commission will sail for this
country September 24.
Two or three French men of war, with troops,
will sail a little later.
BUTTER AND CHEESE FOR SCOTLAND,
During the month of July the Scotch importa
tions of butter and cheese from America were
very heavy. For Glasgow alone the "boxes of
cheese during the month numbered 133,852, and
the tubs of butter 39,650, of which latter 2,500
were oleomargarine. This was an increase of
47,000 boxes of cheese and 19,900 tubs of butter,
the largest increase known in any month of the
year. For the seven months since January last
there had been an aggregate importation of but
ter of 98,220 tubs, which was an increase of 13,
518 over the same period last year. Of cheese,
the aggregate was 257,724 boxes, and the increase
31,492. More than one half of these 257,724 boxes
of cheese came in the month of July, and for the
1oc?4- iiTnr.l-c -"lio4- lYtnnf'K AC C(f l-i---nc? -wck-vn otimt
- ' ' , 1 - .
, J -" ;;"J . . . , , ----
cneese as soon as it arrives, is picKeu up in eoi-
land, and the quality is described as "very fi
.Vm 'nf1- TinifiS
--HIV J. VI I -tuitvv.
MASSACHUSETTS AT YORKTOWN,
The citizens of Boston are determined that
Massachusetts shall be properly represented at
the Yorktown centennial celebration, and are
engaged in raising money by subscription to
send a full regiment of the State militia the
Ninth, an Irish regiment, which is regarded as
the best disciplined in the State. If this is the
"Old Ninth" of the First Division, Fifth Corps,
or composed of men who belonged to that organi
zation during the late war, we take occasion to
say that no better regiment ever marched under
the haii and sunburst, or, for that matter, under
any other flag.
RELICS OF THE WAR.
Colonel A. B. Lawrence, of "Warsaw, who was
THE GOVERNOR'S ISLAND MUSEUM.
Captain J. M. J. Sanno, Seventh Infantry, made
a San reporter happy by giving him half a column,
of information about the curiosities in tUtt mu
seum of the military institution on Governor's
Island, which cover a wide range, from a chest
filled with paints, pigment brushes, sticks, and
other articles used by Hogarth, to the stuffed skin
nf Sheridan's war horse Winchester. There are
chess-men and a chess-board made by a daughter
of General Worth from a flagstaff which stood in
the City of Mexico when it surrended to Scott ;
the lock and key of the old Sugar-house prison
in which the British jugged the patriots during
the Revolution- apiece of Martin Luther's pul
pit brought home by the traveler Loomis Lang
don; an East Indian weapon obtained from Jung
Bahadur, Prince of Nepaul, and no end of other
articles, to make the heart of the antiquarian
'General Sherman is to visit the New England
Fair, in Worcester, Massachusetts, on Wednesday,
September 7. At a special meeting of the city
council it was voted to extend the hospitalities
of the city to him and the gentlemen who accom
pany him. He will be given a military escort. .
WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTUE, AND FOR HIS
D. 0., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1881.
HARRISON'S LANDING, 1862.
THE REBELS SHELLING THE UNION ARMY.
A Sight Attack How the Johnnies Gave the Boys In Blue
ji Lively Time A Fatal Shell Driven Bock.
Over the Ither and Back Again.
From our Special Correspondent.
Recently, on my way from Richmond to Nor
folk, I passed Harrison's Landing on the James,
and the event recalled a reminiscence of army
experience, which may possibly interest some of
the readers of The National Tribune:
The night of July 31, 1802, found myself, then
a member of the Army of the Potomac, lying in
camp at the Landing on the James, and not fir
from the old mansion which gives it its name.
About midnight, or a little later, the Eighteenth
Massachusetts, which had been on detached ser
vice, returned to their quarters, and in a few mo
ments their large Sibley tents wdre brilliantly
Suddenly it might have been half-past twelve
or a quarter to one a. m., August 1 the sound of
artillery to the southward brought everybody in
the vast encampment out of doors. The sight
which greeted them was grand, yet terrible. The
night was exceedingly dark there had been rain,
and the sky was yet cloudy and threatening and,
looking in the direction of the river, they beheld
what seemed a myriad of shooting stars, a mete
oric shower, rushing directly down upon them.
The rebels had run up a number of guns on the
high ground Coggin's Point and at the Coles
House across the James from Harrison's Landing,
and opposite Westover and were shelling the
The affair was so sudden and unexpected that
for a few moments it seemed as if Bedlam had
broken loose. The roar of the guns and sharp
reports of the bursting shells were taken up by
the echoes, and the reverberations rolled along
the heavy wall of timber extending across the
narrow neck at the north, until it sounded as if
the camp was being attacked from all sides.
The bugles and long v.dl called the men to
arms: orderlies and aide Uc-eamp went dashing
through the darkness; thiVr
SIGNAL LANTERNS FLASHED
from station to station, and meanwhile the heav
ens were raining veritable fire and iron. It would
have been bad enough in the day time, but at
night, to be awakened from sleep in such a man
ner was far from pleasant, to say the least. The
enemy's fire, guided by the lighted tents, was at
first remarkably well directed ; and even after the
lights had been extinguished, the range having
been taken, there was no lack of precision. One
of the first shells struck in the regimental quar
ters of the Thirteenth New York, ricochetted.
passed through a Sibley tent occupied by some of
the officers, demolished a bunk from which one of
them had just arisen, bounded over the next one,
upon which the occupant was yet lying, and on
through the third, which had just been vacated,
riddling it completely; and then, with a hop,
skip, and a jump, yelling, whistling, and scream
ing like a pack of hungry panthers, landed among
the guns of a battery a hundred yards distant,
where it exploded.
A horse, and one or two artillerymen wounded
by the explosion, covered all the casualties in
flicted in its wild career.
Two men of the Thirteenth were standing side
by side, looking at the pyrotechnic display.
One spoke : " I say, Jack, that shell" (pointing
to one just on its way) " is gunning for one of us."'
As he said this he squat down, his comrade re
True to its mission, the deadly missile hissed
by so close that it brushed Jack's garments, and
striking his prophetic comrade just above the left
hip, cut him across the abdomen so that, as he fell
forward upon his face, his bowels rolled out upon
the rain-soaked ground. His entrails were re
placed, he was taken up, carried to the hospital,
and lived a week in that condition.
it was nearly half an hour from the time when
the first hostile shot came over the river before
UNION kUNs 15 EG AN TO REPLY.
and then a battwy of eight thirty-two pound rifles
close down by the Landing gave mouth, and their
booming was mingled with the roar of the heavy
one hundred-pounders from one or two gun-boats
which had hastened down from up the river at
the first alarm.
By one o'clock the attack was ever, and every
thing had groAvn quiet. The casualties numbered
some ten men killed, and twice that number
wounded ; and it Avas Avonderful that so few had
been injured, especially Avhen the excellent posi
tion of the enemy's guns, the number of pieces,
and the contracted space within which the
80,000 or more men against Avhich they avciv
trained Averc huddled, are taken into considera
tion. The shipping, of which there Avas a vast amount,
escaped serious harm, although several vessels
Avere struck during the bombardment.
In the "morning troops Avere sent over the James
to occupy Coggin's Point and the Coles House,
Avhieh they did Avithout opposition, the foe Iuia'
ing AvifhdraAvn in the darkness. And the next
day General Averill, with 300 cavalry, portions
of the Fifth Regulars and Third Pennsylvania,
made a reconnoissance beyond Sycamore Church
WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
on the main road to Suffolk, and about five miles
from the Coles House. He struck a force of some,
five hundred of the enemy's cavalry near the
church, drove them back, destroyed their camp,
together Avith commissary and quartermaster's
stores, himself sustaining no loss.
Thus ended a brief episode Avhich is doubtless
remembered by every survivor of the Army of
the Potomac avIio lay at Harrison's in 1862.
The NeAV York Herald's London correspondent
under date of August 29th, says :
The Mark Lane Express, in its revieAV of the
British grain trade for the past Aveek, says : " The
past Aveek brought general disaster and ruined the
harvest. The series of intermittent storms culmi
nated on Thursday in a general thunderstorm
Avith a deluging rainfall. To adequately estimate
the damage Ave must remember the doAvnpour of
rain Avas on sheaves whick had been repeatedly
wetted and dried, or on standing grain Avhich is
literally eaten up by mildew. In the flooded dis
tricts the disaster is complete. Unthatehed ricks
have everywhere suffered from Thursday's deluge.
The position of the hardest has materially affected
trade, and raites improved a shilling on Wednes
day and a further shilling on Friday. The ad
vance, Avhich Avould have amounted to several
shillings had Thursday's Aveathcr continued, was
checked by Friday's sunshine. The adA'ance in
the Provinces Avas a shilling beyond that in Lon
don. Of the few samples of the new crop offered
nearly all had sprouted. The earliest parcels are
the best. Foreign Avheats are 2s. and flour Is. to
Is. 6d. better. The English markets are Arery bare
of foreign flour. The supply of native grain in the
Provincial markets is almost nil. The port mar
kets are, therefore, greatly strained. The stocks
on either side of the Atlantic being in strong
hands, the supply here cannot exceed the demand
until growers in America forward the hcav crop in
sufficient bulk to ovcrpoAver the .Atlantic specula
tors. Fifteen cargoes arrived off the coast, of
which three Avere sold. Values are unchanged.
The forward business was considerable. The
floating bulk was increased by 309,000 quarters.
For barley, values Avere checked, being ruled by
maize, Avhich Avas cheaper. Oats were at a stand
still. Fuielgu w.rc chcapeiv The sales- of En
glish wheat during the Aveek Avere 12,671 quarters
at 51s. ldd per quarter, against 12.229 quarters at
44s. Id. per quarter for the corresponding week
last year. The destruction of crops by rain in
various parts of Ireland is A'cry great.
THE YORKTOWN CENTENNIAL,
it has been decided to entertain the guests of
the occasion in Baltimore, October 10, 11, and 12,
and in Washington 13, 14, and 15. It is expected
(hat there Avill be twenty guests from the French
Government, and that France Avill send over one
or two of her large war A'cssels Avith troops. Ar
rangements have already been made Avith all the
leading lines of railroads and steamboats east of
the Mississippi for half fares, the tickets to cover
the three points Yorktown, Washington, aud
EXPLOSION AT WINCHESTER ARMORY.
Seventy thousand cartridge percussion caps
exploded tit the Winchester armory August 19.
Thousands of pieces of metal stuck into Maurice
Reilley's flesh half to three-quarters of an inch
and many burned in his eyes. There is no spot
two inches square on the front of Reilley's person
that did not sIioav Avhere the shells penetrated. His
clothing Avas cut to pieces and teeth knocked out
and arm frightfully mangled. The side of the
building Avas shattered and AvindoAvs broken.
None of Keilley's companions were injured.
Reilley died at night.
And now it appears that Captain Howgate's
Arctic expedition put money into his pocket that
ought not to have gone there. He is charged Avith
having appropriated the proceeds arising from the
sale of the vessel, and also Avith having done a
little business in the fur trade.
A FOREIGN VIEW OF OUR NAVY.
The astounding condition of the United States
Navy appears at last to have aAakoed the Goa
ernment at Washington to the necessity of doing
something. towever good its personnel may be,
there call be no doubt that the material of the
American fleet is altogether inefficient. All au
thorities are agreed " that the United States has
no naA-y at all." On the official list there are 114
vessels. Of these many are rotten, many hope
lessly obsolete, and of those Avhich in time of
peace are still worth something, none Avould "be
of service if the navy Avere called into action to
day." Of twenty -four armor-clad, only three.
Avhich are being rebuilt at considerable expense,
are expected to be of use in that not very formi
dable class of ship;, the coast defenders. Fall Mall
THE MAN OF NINE WIVES.
The examination of Thomas A. Marvin, the
" many married " man, Avhich Avas to lurve taken
place in Richmond, Ya., August 29, has been post
poned to September 7, to alloAV the prosecution to
secure the attendance of Avitnesses. The prisoner
is in jail. If all of Marvin's ex-wives attend the
trial, there Avill be " music in the air" for every
body but himself.
VOL. I.No. 3.
BLOWN UP BY A TORPEDO.
FATAL EXPERIMENT IN NEWPORT HARBOR:
To 'nvI Officers Killed Careless Handling of a Dan
gerous Miwile Another Strange Presenti
ment of Death That Proved" Tnie.
Lieut.-Conimander Benjamin Long Edes and
Lieut. Lynuin G. Spalding, of the United States
navy, Avere instantly killed August 30 in NeAT
port harbor, Avhile experimenting Avith torpedoes,
The folloAving is the telegraphed account of the
accident: " Both officers were in the inner harbor
in a torpedo launch, and Avere putting a torpedo
in position in order to exhibit the experiment to
Admiral Porter, who has been at Newport for:
several days. The torpedo Avas to be exploded by
the breaking of the electric circuit. Edes had
the deadly missile in his lap Avhile Spalding was
rowing the launch. The tide Avas Ioav and th
torpedo was planted in about three fathoms of
Avater. Near by was a steam launch with the
remainder of the class under instructions on
board. Admiral Porter, Captain Selfridge, and
the officers of the torpedo station Avere on Goat
Island, Avhere the torpedo station is located, for
the purpose of Avitnessing the experiment. Edes
leaned forward to arrange the apparatus in the
Avater, Avhen a loud noise and explosion were
heard, and the two bodies of the unfortunate men
Avere seen in the air. The bodies Avent into the
air some 35 feet, and Avith them ascended the
debris of the boat. The Avorkmen employed on
the station Avaded into the Avater as soon as pos
sible and recovered all that was possible of the
bodies. The class immediately returned to the
island, and an officer was detailed to go to Narra
gansett Pier and break the news to Edes' wifer
avIio had gone there the day previous lor a feAV
days' visit. She resides in this city. Spalding.
avIio Avas not married, resided in Portsmouth, N
IT. The cororner's jury brought in a A'erdict to
the effect that Edes and Spalding met their death
by the accidental explosion of a torpedo, which
Avould not have happened had they followed In
structions. No one at the torpedo station is to
blame. This exculpates Lieutenant Caldwell:,
one of the instructors, avIio in doing his duty ih
cluaing the eirernit made possible the accident, for
Edes depended upon keeping this circuit open.,
although he failed to inform Caldwell of his in
tentions. Spalding had a strange presentiment of
death before leaA'ing his boarding place in the
morning. He gave his card, Avith his address
upon it, to the landlady, and said he Avauted her
and his friends to knoAv Avhere to send his body
in case anything happened to him.
THE TRACK OF THE STORM.
On the night of August 27th a terrific hur
ricane visited Savannah. (In., the Aelocity of fhe
Avind exceeding eighty miles an hour. Much,
damage avjis done: the Georgia Infirmary was
Avrecked, the inmates barely escaping, about fifty
priA-ate buildings more or less injured, the Signal!
Service office unroofed and instruments destroyed;
boats Avere sunk, and the loss of several lives is
reported. Along the m-er the loss of life and
property is said to have been seA'ere. Farther
up the coast at Charleston, S. C, considerable
damage Avas done. At Tort Royal, on the same
night, on account of the storm the ferryman
could not convey passengers across the river. A
number of persons Avere in the ferry-house aAvait
ing the abatement of the storm, Avhen the house
Avas carried aAvay by the high tide. Several
bodies Avere recovered, but the number
actnally droAvned is uncertain, as the rumors
conflict, varying in number from tAventy to forty
One Avasher and one dredge of the Coosa Mining
Company in the Coosa RiA'er sank. No lives-.-.
Avere lost there. Considerable damage was done
to the wharves and lighters of the company.
The estimated damage to individual and rail
Avay property is $2,000. The loss at Beaufort is.
estimated at 8,000.
THE WASHINGTON MONUMENT.
Work on the Washington monument has pro
gressed so rapidly, recently, that the people have:
hopes at last that the structure Avill some time he
completed, aud therefore dread each stoppage of.
operations, hoAvever brief it may be. Mr.. Mc
Laughlin, the superintendent of the monument, -said
to a reporter yesterday that he feared- the
marble stock, which comes from the Cockeysville
quarries, Maryland, would not be delivered as fast
as it is wanted, and the supply on hand is nearly,
exhausted. This cause might stop the Avork.
Another trouble is the sloAvness of the contractor
(Phcenix Company, of Trenton, N- J..) to deliver
the iron work to build the interior stairway and
platforms, and to extend the elevator. The mar- -ble
courses are noAv nearly laid to the top of the
elevator, aud it is feared that the iron Avill not be
delivered by the time the elevator, must be raisevJ
None of the memorial stones donated to ornament
the interior of the shaft have been placed in posi
tion since Avork Avas resumed, as it was found that
those already in place had, in many cases, been
inj ured during the former prosecution of the Avorkj.
and, besides, Avere much injured by exposure. It
is designed to place the memorial stones on hand
in position after the shaft is Avholly completed.
by cutting out places to put them in the inneir
Avail of the shaft.