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THE NATIONAL' TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, SEPTEMBER 10, 1881.
THE HAND THAT ROCKS THE WORLD.
BY WILLIAM BOSS WALLACE.
Blessings on the hand of woman !
Angels guard its strength and grace
In the palace, cottage, hovel
Oh, no matter where the place !
"Would that never storms assailed it ;
Rainbows ever gently curled ;
For the hand that rocks the cradle
Is the hand that rocks the world.
Infancy's the tender fountain ;
Bowers may with beauty flow ;
Mothers first to guide the streamlet,
From their souls unresting grow,
Grow on for the good or evil,
Sunshine streamed or darkness hurled :
For the hand that rocks the cradle
Is the hand that rocks the Avorld.
Woman ! how divine your mission,
Here upon our natal sod !
Keep, oh keep, the young heart open
Always to the breath of God !
All true trophies of the ages
Are from mother love impended ;
For the hand that rocks the cradle
Is the hand that rocks the world.
Blessings on the hand of woman !
Fathers, sons, and daughters cry ;
And the sacred song is mingled
With the worship in the sky;
Mingles where no tempests darken,
Rainbows evermore are hurled ;
For the hand that rocks the cradle
Is the hand tliat rocks the world.
A TERRIBLE MISTAKE,
I have been in the back bedroom up stairs all
the afternoon, and I am expecting father every
minute. It was j list after one o'clock when he told
me to come up stairs with him, and just then Mr.
Thompson canie to get him to go down town with
him, and father said I'd have to excuse him for a
little while and don't you go out of that room till
I come back. So I excused him, and he hasn't
come back yet ; but I've opened one of the pil
lows and stuffed my clothes full of feathers, and
I don't care much how soon he comes back now.
It's an awful feeling to be waiting up stairs
for your father, and to know that you have done
wrong, though you really didn't mean to do so
much wrong as you have done. I am willing to
own that nobody ought to take anybody's clothes
when he's in swimming, but anyhow they began
it first, and I thought just as much as could be
that the clothes were theirs.
The real boys that are to blame are Tom Wil
son and Amzi Willetts. A week ago Saturday
Joe Hamilton and I went in swimming down at
the island. It's a beautiful place. The island is
all full of bushes, and on one side the water is
deep, where the big boys go in, and on the other
it is shallow, where we fellows that can't swim
very much where the water is more than two feet
deep go in. While Joe and I were swimming,
Tom and Amzi came and stole our clothes, and put
them in their boat, and carried them clear across
to the deep part of the river. We saw them do
it, and we had an awful time to get the clothes
back, and I think it wras just as mean.
Joe and I said we'd get even with them, and I
know it was wrong, because it was a revengeful
feeling, but anyhow we said we'd do it; and I
don't think revenge is so very bad when you
don't hurt a fellow, and wouldn't hurt him for
anything, and just want to play him a trick that
is pretty nearly almost quite innocent. But I
don't say we did right, and when I've done wrong
I'm always ready to say so.
Well, Joe and I watched, and last Saturday
we saw Tom and Amzi go down to the island,
and go in swimming on the shallow side ; so we
waded across and sneaked down among the
bushes, and after a while we saw two piles of
clothes. So we picked them up and ran away
with them. The boys saw us, and made a terri
ble noise; but we sung out that they'd know i
now how it felt to have your clothes carried off,
and we waded bade across the river, and carried
the clothes up to Amzi's house, and hid them in
his barn, and thought that we'd got even with
-. . -. -. '
Tom and Amzi, and taught them a lesson which
would do them a great deal of good, and would
make them good aad useful men.
This was in the morning about noon, and
when I had my dinner I thought I'd go and see
how the boys liked swimming, and offer to bring
back their clothes if they'd promise to be good
friends. I never was more astonished in mv life
than I was to find that they were nowhere near
the island. I was beginning to be afraid they'd i
"been drowned, when I heard some men calling
me, and I found Squire Meredith and Amzi
Willett's father, who is a deacon, hiding among
the bushes. They told me that some villains
had stolen their clothes while they were in swim
ming, and they'd give me fifty cents if I'd go up
to their houses and get their wives to give me
some clothes to bring down to them.
I said I didn't want the fifty cents, but I'd go
and try to find some clothes for them. I meant
to go straight up to Amzi's barn and to bring the
clothes back, but on the way I met Amzi with
the clothes in a basket bringing them down to
the island, and he said: "Somebody's goin' to be
arrested for stealing father's and Squire Mere
dith's clothes: I saw the fellows that stole 'em
and I'm going to tell." You see, Joe and I had j
taken the wrong clothes, and Squire Meredith !
and Deacon Willetts, who had been in swimming j
on the deep side of the island, had been about
two hours trying to play they were Zulus, and
didn't need to wear any clothes, only they found
it pretty hard work.
Deacon Willetts came straight to our house',
and told father that his unhappy son that's
what he called me, and wasn't I unhappy,
though had stolen his clothes and Squire Mere
dith's; but for the sake of our family lie wouldn't
say very much about it, only if father thought
best to spare the rods and spoil a child, he wouldn't j
be able to regard him as a man and a brother. !
So father called me and asked me if I had taken j
Deacon Willetts's clothes, and when I said yes, and j
was going to explain how it happened, he said that i
my conduct was snrVh. and that T wns hrhio-imr i
his gray hairs down, only I wouldn't hurt them
ior 11113 mimon dollars, and I've often heard him i 1 wooden dancing jack (in sections); 3 patent at
say he liadn't a gray hair in his head. torney's cards ; 1 card (Hunt's Remedy, Kidney
And now I'm waiting up stairs for the awful j and Liver Medicine); 1 business card (shoe deal
moment to arrive. I deserve it, for they say that er) ; 1 business card (grocery); 1 business card
Squire Meredith and Deacon Willetts are morn- j (Samstag's corsets) ; 1 business card (millinery) ;
nan eaten up uy mosquitoes, and are confined to j
tho house with salt and water, and crying out
all the time that they can't stand it. I hope the
feathers will wore; but if they don't, no matter.
I think I shall be a missionary, and do good to
the heathen. I think I hear father coming in
the front gate now, so I must close. Wide Awake.
WHY LACE IS COSTLY. .
The manufacture of lace is carried to its high
est perfection in Belgium. The finest specimen
of Brussels lace is so complicated as to require
the labor of seven persons on one piece, and each
operative is employed at distinct features of the
work. The thread used is of exquisite fineness,
which is spun in dark, underground rooms, where
it is sufficiently moist to prevent the thread from
separating. It is so delicate as scarcely to be
seen, and the room is so arranged that all the
light admitted shall fall upon the work. It is
such material that renders the genuine Brussels
so costly. On a piece of Valenciennes not two
inches wide, two hundred to three hundred bob
bins are sometimes used, and for the larger width,
as many as eight hundred, on the same pillow.
The most valuable Valenciennes is determined
by the number of times the bobbins have been
twisted in making the ground ; the more frequent
the twist, the clearer and more beautiful will be
the lace. Belgium sells of this lace alone to the
value of over $4,000,000. Chantilly lace is always
black, and is used chiefly for veils and flounces.
It is very fine and is extensively worn. Mechlin
lace is made at Mechlin, Antwerp, and other
The Baron Steuben commanded in the trenches
at Yorktown, and the near approach of the cen
tenary of that great event renders befitting any
reminiscences of the distinguished foreigner, who,
like Lafayette, sprang to the assistance of the colo
nies in their sore need and assisted in their strug
gle for independence. It should not be forgotten
also that he became a citizen of the United States,
and passed his last days in the State of New York,
that State in the year 1782 having made a grant
of 16,000 acres of land. The grant was located in
what is now the town of Steuben, Oneida county,
N. Y. A county of the same name in another sec
tion of the State was also called after the Baron.
The grant was located in the unbroken wilderness
on what was designated on the old maps of " the
deer hunting grounds of the Iroquois," and in
Delisle's atlas of 1785 the tract is described as
"the beaver hunting grounds of the Six Nations.'
The country was reached by Indian trails or in a
batteau up the Mohawk Eiver. Mr. Elkanah
Watson, the old Pittsfield (Mass.) neighbor of our
Thomas Allen, while returning from attending
the Indian treaty at Fort St. Croix in 1778 passed
through the Baron's tract, and remarked that it
was a splendid body of land. The Baron settled
on his tract in 1786. He built a log house and
located around him a colony of thirty or forty
tenants. His principal society was his dogs, gun,
and library, and with a bounty of $2,500 from the
general Government he enjoyed himself in baron
ial style, passing his winters mostly in New York
City. The writer thirty years ago attended the
funeral of a Mr. Allen, one of the tenants of the
Steuben tract, who had been a soldier of the revo
lution and a prisoner of war on board of a British
prison ship in New York Bay. He said the Baron
was kind and generous, but was regarded byt his
neighbors as extremely eccentric, and his ways
were strange to the Connecticut Yankee and Mo
hawk Dutch, who formed at that time the prin
cipal pioneers. He was public-spirited and pro
jected plans of improving the country. The first
road projected through that section of the State
was to extend from Little Falls, on the Mohawk,
to the High Falls of the Black River. The meas
ure, as early as 1791, was urged upon the Legis
lature by Baron Steuben arid Albert Noble and i
received a favorable report, but no action at the .!
time. The diversion of the Canadian fur trade to
Alban Wiis urSed b the Barou M a Prominent
mAfivA Tlio cntflnmonf nf P.orAn ft fnii lion in Tin
northern wilderness doubtless attracted the at-
tention of speculators and foreign exiles to the
vast body of wild land lying immediately north
i of the Steuben tract and in the same county, then
known as Albany county, changed into Oneida in
1791, and subsequently Lewis and Jefferson were
carved out of the latter county. New Haven
HOW THE APOSTLES DIED.
Peter was crucified at Koine, and at his own
request, with his head downward.
Andrew was crucified by being bound to a cross
with cords, on which he hung two days, exhorting
the people until he expired.
James the Great was beheaded by order of Herod
James the Less was thrown from a high pinna
cle, then stoned, and finally killed with a fuller's
Philip was bound and hanged against a pillar.
Bartholomew was flayed to death by command
of a barbarous king.
Matthew was killed by a halbert.
Thomas while at prayer was shot with a shower
of lances, and afterward run through the body
with a lance.
Simon was crucified.
Thaddeus was cruelly put to death.
The manner of Matthias's death is uncertain.
One says he was stoned, then beheaded ; another
says he was crucified,
Judas Iscariot fell and his boweis gushed out,
John died a natural death.
Paul wa? beheaded by order of Nero.
CONTENTS OF A BOY'S POCKETS.
The following schedule' represents the number
and character of the various articles lately found
in the pockets of a six year old son of Adam :
One handkerchief; 1 piece of rubber; 1 lead
pencil; 8 slate pencils ; 1 colored pencil ; 1 knife;
1 tin whistle; 1 piece of string; 1 brass chain;
1 iwwtnf lmnV- o i..!-, nnnn-n . n l.,.-,,,.
2 extra pieces of rubber; 1 memorandum book: !
1 piece gilt paper; 1 piece colored paper; 3 spell
ing papers; 13 scraps miscellaneous paper; 1
more lead pencil ; 1 more piece of rubber; 12
more pieces of paper.
THE IDEAL OATMEAL PORRIDGE.
Clean, aromatic, coarse dry meal must be got
from some shop where they know what is good
in the way of oatmeal. The meal must be stored
as carefully as tea in a covered dry jar, so that
neither must, mice, nor beetles can defile it. The
saucepan must be the pink of cleanliness, and
must not have been used for anything other than
milk and breadstufls. Saucepans in which po
tatoes, greens, or meats have been cooked are
never pure enough for milk and breadstiifls.
With such materials the making of delicious
porridge is easy, but without them it is impos
sible. Bearing in mind the principle on which
breadstuff's and milk are to be combined in food,
we perceive that the meal must be cooked in
water. Therefore, having clean boiling water in
the saucepan, we take a small teacupful of meal
(two to three ounces) for each pint of water in the
saucepan. Draw the saucepan of boiling water
off the fire, and then sift the meal through the
fingeis. The meal must be sifted in the water
so as to be evenly spread over the surface, and
to sink free from lumps. Then push the sauce
pan fully on the fire and boil briskly for a minute
or two, so as to thoroughly mix the meal up with
the water before it begins to thicken. Next boil
slowly for three or four quarters of an hour, ac
cording to the coarseness of the meal. Care must
be taken that the porridge is just kept on the move,
and it must be stirred, if necessary, so as not to
burn, and not to get lumpy. Smoke and soot
must be carefully kept from contaminating it.
The porridge is now cooked so far that all the
starch granules are fully burst, and the meal is
properly disintegrated. Now pour out the por
ridge like a thin custard into a vegetable dish,
and leave it to cool uncovered. If successful,
the porridge on cooling will set or gelatinize; a
brownish skin forms over the surface, and as this
contracts the porridge separates all round from
the dish at its edge. It becomes a soft tremulous
jelly, perfectly cooked, sweet in flavor, uniform
in consistence, and free from contamination by
dirty saucepans, by burning, or by the defilement
of soot or smoke. It should be eaten at the end
of breakfast with cold milk, and it makes a most
A saucerful of such jwrridge put into a soup
plate and a half-pint mug of good rich new milk
is, indeed, a lunch or a supper, or a finish to
breakfast, which is fit for a king. It is food on
which any man can do anything of which he is
capable in the way of labor, mental or physical.
For growing children and youths who are stunted
in height or unsound in structure, this is exactly
the food that is wanted. It is like bricks and
mortar for the growing frame of infants, school
children, and over-grown youths. For nursing
mothers it is equally valuable, supplying them
with the earthy phosphates and other materials
out of which good milk is made, without draw
ing upon the mother's own structures, as is often
exemplified by the rapid softening and decay of
teeth in women who nurse their children largely
upon meat and upon beer. English Mechanic.
THE ROSE OF SHARON.
The rose of Sharon is one of the most exquisite
flowers in shape and hue. Its blossoms are bell
shaped, and of many mingled hues and dyes. But
its history is legendary and romantic in the
highest degree. In the East, throughout Syria,
Judea, and Arabia, it is regarded with the pro
foundest reverence. The leaves that encircled
the round blossom dry and close tight together
when the season of blossom is over, and the stalk
withering completely away from the stem, the
flower is blown away, having dried up in the j
shape of a ball, which is carried by the sport of
the breeze to great distances. In this way it is
born over the sandy wastes and deserts, until at
last, touching some moist place, it clings to the
soil, where it immediately takes fresh root and j
springs to life and beauty again. For this very
reason the orientals have adopted it as the em
blem of the resurrection.
A BEAUTIFUL THOUGHT.
Among some of the South Sea Islanders the
compound word for hope is beautifully expressive.
It is manaolana, or the sioimming thought faith
floating and keeping its head aloft above water,
when all the waves and billows are going over
a strikingly beautiful definition of hope, worthy
to be set down along v, ith the answer which a
deaf and dumb person wrote with his pencil, in
reply to the question, " What was his idea of for
giveness?" "It is the odor which flowers yield
when trampled on."
JOHN PLOUGHMAN'S PROVERBS.
Never offer a looking-glass to a blind man.
If a man is so proud that he will not see his
faults, he will only quarrel with you for pointing
them out to him.
Many preachers are good tailors spoiled, and
capital shoemakers turned out of their proper
It is not wise to aim at impossibilities ; it is a
waste of powder to fire at the man in the moon.
Give your money to fools sooner than let rogues
wheedle you out of it.
Meu willingly pour water into a full tub, jmd
give feasts to those who are not hungry, because '
tlley look to have aS good or better in return.
To see plum puddings in the moon is a far
more cheerful habit than croaking at everything
like a two-legged frog.
Never say die until you are dead, arid then it's
:-io use, .so let it alone.
He pulls at a long rope who waits for another's
He that waifs' foiv dead men's shoes may loiig
Men who. strike in their anger generally miss
No man's lot is fully known till he is dead.
All the world will beat the man whom fortune
When a man's coat is thread-bare it is an easy
thing to pick a hole in it.
Good advice is poor food for a hungry family.
The young sucker runs away with the sap from
the old tree.
The dog wags his tail till he gets the bone, and
then he snaps and bites at the man who- fed him.
THINGS TO MAKE A NOTE OF.
Orange Jelly. The juice of eighteen or
anges and two lemons, boiled and skinned ; add
three pounds of lump sugar, one ounce of isin
glass; put it all through your jelly-bag into the
Potted Ham. Take any remains of ham you
have; even fried, if of a nice quality, is good for
the purpose; take away all stringy parts, sinew
or gristle; put in a slow oven with its own weight
of butter; let it stay macerating in the butter till
it is very tender, then beat it in a mortar; add
cayenne, and pack in pots.
Meat Jelly. One calf's foot and one pound
of veal ; put this in four pints of water and boil
very slowly for fully five hours ; when the water
is reduced to one-third it is strained, the season
ing of a little pepper and salt and nutmeg being
added last. This jelly keeps quite well. It
should have no vegetables in it or it will spoil.
Tosiato Sauce. Fourteen quarts of tomatoes,
four sticks of horseradish, one bottle of the essence
of anchovies, half a pound of anchovies, one quart
of vinegar, two ounces of black pepper, ten capsi
cum pods, one ounce of allspice, one pound and a
half of eschalots, four spoonfuls of cayenne pep
per; let all this be well boiled, and when cold,
put one spoonful of brandy into every bottle.
Gelestial Slices. These dainties are to be
found at Brazilian tea parties. Take some slices
of bread about half an inch thick, cut oft all crust,
steep the bread in a little milk; when soaked
through, cover each piece with beaten yelk of egg,
fry with butter a light brown, then arrange the
slices on a hot plate, and lay on each piece a tol
erably thick covering of powdered sugar and cin
namon well mingled.
Preserved Pineapple. Take pineapple, su
gar, lemon: peel the fruit and pick out the eyes:
cut it in i es about a quarter of an inch thick,
sprinkle with sugar, allowing a pound to a pound
of fruit, and let it stand till next day; then put
it into a kettle and boil it until the apple looks
clear; then take it out to cool ; let the sirup have
one boil and strain it through a hair sieve on the
fruit. Put it in glass jars, well secured from air.
Whips, Take one pint of rich cream, sugar,
lemon, rub lumps of sugar on the lemon to ex
tract the oil, then mix with the cream, but not
too sweet; put it in a shallow dish and set it on
the ice awhile; when quite cold use the whip
syringe, or, if you do not have one, a large fork
will do ; as fast as the froth rises lay it on a sieve
to drain. Then place in the bottom of your jelly
glasses any kind of jelly or jam, and fill the glass
with the whip. Serve with delicate eake.
Milk. An English physician, Dr. Duckworth,
in an article reproduced in The Popular Science
Monthly, argues in favor of a free use of milk in
household dietaries. " Milk is a food," he says,
" that should not be taken in copious draughts
like beer or other fluids, which differ from it
chemically. If we consider the use of milk in in
fancy the physiological gestation, that is, of it
wre find that the sucking babe imbibes little by
little the natural food provided for it. Each
small mouthful is secured by effort, and slowly
presented to the gastric mitcous surface for the
primal digestive stages. It is thus regularly and
gradually reduced to curd, and the stomach is
not oppressed with a lump of half coagulated
milk. The same principle should be regarded in
the case of the adult. Milk should be slowlv
taken in mouthfuls at short intervals, and thus it
is rightly dealt with by the gastric j uice. If milk
be taken after other food it is almost sure to bur
den the stomach and to cause discomfort and pro
longed indigestion, and this for the obvious reason
that there is an insufficient digestive agenev to
dispose of it. And the better the quality of the
milk, the more severe the discomfort will be
under these conditions." Dr. Duckworth's allow
ance for a family of ten persons would be at least
five quarts of milk a day.
What Vaccination will Do. If an unvac
cinated person be exposed to small-pox on Mon
day, he will be safe if vaccinated on or before the
following Wednesday; if it be postponed till
Thursday, the small-pox rash will appear, but
will be modified ; if delayed till Friday, it will
be useless. Re-vaccination will have effect two
days later than will vaccination that is performed
for the first time. As soon as small-pox breaks
out the doctor must be sent for. The patient
must be isolated, and only those allowed to see
him who have been well vaccinated. He must
be kept in bed, which should be placed in an airy
room, well ventilated, and of a uniform and me
dium temperature, about sixty degrees Fahren
heit. Family Physician.
It will afford sweeter happiness in the hour of
death to have wiped away one tear from the cheek
of sorrow than to have ruled an empire, to have
conquered millions or enslaved the world. Ecce
For The National Tribune.
THE FISHER LAD,
A jolly fisher-lad am I:
I care not what folk say,
But 'neath the clouds or smiling: sky
Contented take my way.
My clothes are dirty, old, and torn.
My feet peep out from shoes
Which many seasons now I've worn,
But yet they're what I choose.
Oh, I'm a jolly fisher-hul,
For hope is on me smiling',
To cheer my heart and make it glad.
Earth's dullest cares beguiling.
O'er angry Sena I boldly roam
When winds breathe fierce and high,
And watch the breakers seethe and foam
As off the coast I lie;
And well I love to stem the tide
That drifts adown the bay.
With darling Kitty by my side
Decked out in colors gay.
Oh, I'm a jolly fisher-lad,
For smiling Hope is bringing
Her precious gifts to make me glad,
And fill my heart with singing.
tkjfe my Kitty ; she loves me,
And oft has told me so,
And some time, when we both agree,
I'll take her heart in tow;
Then as we sail lh'e's broad sea o'er,
My darling, winsome bride
Shall guide me safe to sunny shore
Where sorrows ne'er abide.
Oh, I'm a jolly fisher-lad.
For well I know if sorrow
Brings woe to-day to make me sad,
Hope brhtjseth. joy to-morrow.
FARM AND GARDEN.
Oats with Winter Wheat. Some farmers
make a practice of sowing a few oats with their
winter wheat to protect the latter in the winter
time, and it has been found to be of use for the
purpose. The oats grow more vigorously than
the wheat, and aid in catching and holding the
snow, thus acting as a protection or mulch to the
wheat. The small amount of food the young oat
plants draw from the soil is returned during the
spring, when, being killed by the winter old,
they rapidly decay.
The Grading of Wheat. Much dissatisfac
tion is expressed by farmers and shippers in Illi
nois, Iowa, and Nebraska, over the present swin
dling manner of inspecting grain in Chicago.
This matter was recently brought before the
State board of agriculture by Mr. Lowrey, of
Lincoln, and other gentlemen engaged in ship
ping grain, and a set of strong resolutions was at
once adopted and forwarded to the Illinois Leg
islature asking that the grain inspectors now in
office be removed at once, and that suitable legis
lation to prevent a repetition in the future be
enacted. The charges are, wrongfully grading
grain, or inspection by men not capable of trad
ing wheat, whereby our wheat, which sliould be
graded No. 2, is by these rascals graded No. 3, and
by them shipped to New York, where it is again
warehoused and graded up to its proper grade.
The difference between No. 2 wheat and No. 3,
(usually about five cents per bushel), is a hand
some profit, and the temptation to resort to ras
cality in order to capture five cents per bushel on
five or ten millions of bushels is very great. The
remedy for these rascalities seems to be in the
training of the young to a higher degree of mo
rality. The little acts of dishonesty often passed
over as smartness, are what begins the steals of
public men. Tribune Farmer.
Nutritive Matter in Hay and Corn. The
average results of experiment and theory-, so to
speak, make fifty-seven pounds of Indian corn
equal to one hundred pounds of hay, or 1,140
pounds of Indian corn to the ton of hay. But it
must be remembered that the nutritive effects of
food upon an animal are varied by many causes,
and also that the comparison of food is affected
by the object sought, as fat, growth, labor, milk,
&c. The above is the relative amount of nutri
tive matter in corn and hay. as determined bv
! exPeriment and theory-.
Cause and Effect. When fattening an ani
mal for beef, let the process be as quick as possi
ble. Any stint in feeding will make the meat
tough and dry. Stall-fed animals will fatten
more readily than others, and younger animals
require richer food than older ones. In winter
fattening much depends upon the warmth of the
stable. The warmer the cattle are kept the less
food will be needed.
Pulverized free lime will effectually drive
the worms from lawns. The lime also kills moss,
which is so troublesome on old lawns, often de
stroying large patches of grass, and so sadly in
terfering with mowing. Mix the lime with twice
its bulk of fine soil.
ONIONS FOR CHICKEN CHOLERA.
A correspondent of the Poultry Yard thus
describes his new remedy for chicken cholera:
" While our neighbors, for several miles around
us, have lost nearly all their chickens from the
so-called cholera, ours are in fine condition. They
were attacked with the premonitory symptoms
of the disease, which seemed to be epidemic here,
but we cured them and have had no trouble with
them since, having accidently found a cure. Cut
up onions with food, and administer once a day
for several days, afterward once a week will an
swer. Also mix a little ground ginger with their
meal, once every day or two. We also give them
a little salt every two or three weeks, which we
deem highly necessary, and, above all things, keep
watermelons, muskmelons, and cucumbers away
from them. The tops of celery cut up with their
food will be found beneficial, and they appear to
like it very well. Do not get these statements
mixed up. The onions and ginger only for chol
era, the remainder constant attention. Too much
whole corn we have found injurious; we give
meal of this only once in three or four days. Raw
onions and a very little ginger against the world
for curing cholera, if the disease has not been al
lowed to run too far." We endorse heartily the
raw onions and ginger, but have never found mel
ons injurious. Last summer we raised, in an
amateur way, nearly 300 chickens and turkeys.
Bushels of melon rinds and imperfect melons of
both kinds were thrown to them daily and eaten
eagerly. Over-ripe cucumbers and seed of musk
melons were likewise devoured. We had no losses
from any disease.
THE OLDEST MASON LIVING.
Captain Sylvanus Hatch, a resident of Indian
ola, Calhoun county, Texas, and ninety-three
years of age, is, without doubt, the oldest living
Mason in this country. His native place was
Falmouth, Mass., but in his early youth he went
South, and lived in several States. At the age of
twenty-one, or early in 1809, he entered Solo
mon's Lodge, Xo. 1, F. A. M., at Savannah, as
apprentice mason. A few weeks later he was
passed to the degree of fellow craft, and raised
to degree of master mason. In the June follow
ing, desiring to leave Savannah, he obtained a
certificate of membership from his lodge. This
is dated June 9, 1809, over seventy-two years
since, and is still in his possession. Further inci
dents of his life may be of interest in this connec
tion. He was adjutant under General Jackson at
the battle of New Orleans, and passed through all
that campaign. He went to Texas in 1828, and
afterward settled with his family on the Lavaca
Eiver, in Jackson county. He went through the
war of independence of Texas and fought in sev
eral battles. On his ninety-third birthday, which
was celebrated recently, there were his children,
"randchildi-en, and great-grandchildren to wish
him many happy returns of the day. He is still
hale and hearty, and has not been confined to his
bed with sickness for over sixty years. He re
tains the full use of all his faculties, and walks as
firm and erect as a man of sixty or seventy.
A guilty conscience is like a whirlpool, draw-
in ail to irsen wiuen would otherwise pass
bv. Victor Hugo.