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THE NATIONAL TEIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, SEPTEMBEB 10, 1881.
only know she came nnd went,
Like troutlcts in a pool ;
She was a phantom of delight,
And I was like a fool.
"One kiss, dear maid," I said and
" Out of those lips unshorn,"
She shook her ringlets round her head,
And laughed in merry scorn.
Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky!
Yes, hear them, oh my heart !
'Tis twelve at night by the castle clock,
Beloved, we must part !
"Come back! come back!" she cried
" My eyes are dim with tears
How shall I live through all the days,
All through a hundred years?"
Tvas in the prime of summer time.
She blest me with her hand ;
We strayed together, deeply blest.
Into the Dreaming land.
The laughing bridal roses blow,
To dress her dark brown hair;
No maiden may with her compare.
Most beautiful, most rare!
T. S. Perry.
I clasped it on her sweet cold hand.
The precious golden link;
J calmed her fears, and she was calm,
" Drink, pretty creature, drink ! "
And so I won my Genevieve,
And walked in paradise;
The fairest thing that ever grew
Atween me and the skies.
Scarcely any important invention starts at once
into being; usually, it lias had a long period of
preparation, by men who reaped no profit from
their labors. The world considers the inventor
to be the person who gives the capital touch
which imparts practical value to an original idea,
whether or not he himself reap any portion of
that value, and whether or not he be really more
clever than the preliminary inventors who cleared
the path for him. Dr. Johnson, looking out of his
window in Boltcourt one evening, saw a lamp
lighter much troubled to light a lamp; he did
not succeed until there was a good deal of black
vapor over the wick ; whereupon the great lexico
grapher said, "Ah ! one of these days we shall see
the streets of London lighted by smoke." Was
not the real idea of gas-lighting in Johnson's
mind at that moment? And yet we do not call
him an inventor. Long before Johnson's time,
Dr. Gayton, about 1660, distilled coal in a retort,
producing what is called "phlegm, black-oil, and
spirit"; this spirit was gas, which he confined in
a bladder because he could not condense it into a
liquid. He was wont to amuse his friends with
burning this gas as it issued from the bladder
through holes pricked with a pin. This was a
century and a half before streets were lighted by
The Marquis of Worcester's Century of Inven
tions is a well-known repertory of new and strange
curiosities. He wrote this book in the time of
Charles the Second, and adopted the name " Cen
tury "because there are a hundred projects de
scribed. Or rather, the projects are asserted, for
none of them are so clearty detailed as to enable
an artisan io work from them. The range of sub
jects is something amazing. Ships to resist any
explosive projectiles, and boats to work against
wind and tide, might be taken to prefigure our
iron-clads and steamboats. Large cannon to be
shot six times in a minute, and a pistol to dis
charge a dozen times with one loading, certainly
seem very much indeed like revolvers. A brass
mould to cast candles, is a verbally exact descrip
t ion of the means now used in making. mould
candles, with the simple substitution of pewter
for brass. A machine for dredging harbors, and
a machine for raising ships for repair, are assur
edly among the ways and means of modern hy
draulic engineering. An apparatus for lighting
its own lamp or candle at any predetermined
hour of ihe day or night, was recently displayed
in the Metropolis, at one of the Working-Men's
Exhibitions: whether the ingenious fellow who
made it had read the Marquis of Worcester, we
do not know. A calculating machine for per
forming addition and substraction was made a
hundred and fifty years after the Marquis talked
about it in his book. A key that will fasten all
the drawers in a cabinet with one locking, exactly
achieves what Mr. Sopwith achieves with his
Monocleid cabinet. Xew chemical inks for secret
writing; new apparatus for semaphores or signal
ing; explosive projectiles to sink ships; an in
strument for teaching perspective; a method of
fixing shifting sands on the sea-shore; a cross
bow to shoot off two arrows at once: fivinj; ma
chines; an endless watch, to go without winding
up; these are among the various novelties men
tioned. It is difficult to decide how far the Mar
quis had really worked out any of these contriv
ances, either in his own mind or on paper; that
he did not always advance so far as working mod
els may be safely supposed. Nevertheless, he is
believed to have made a model of something
which we in our days would call a steam-engine ;
and he is known to have had a German artisan,
Casper KaltoiT. in his employ, as model-maker
and machinist. The visitor at Raglan Castle, in
Monmouthshire, is told of an ingenious mechan
ical contrivance with which the Marquis (who
was lord of the castle in the times of the Civil
AVar) contrived to bafile the Roundheads and
befriend the Royalists on a critical occasion.
The beautiful art of photography is not so
modern, in its leading principles, as most of us
are in the habit of supposing. It was known
nearly a hundred years ago that certain chemical
substances are blackened, or at least darkened, by
exposure to light. Scheele discovered this fact in
relation to chloride of silver, and Ritter to nitrate
of silver. Sir Humphrey Davy, Dr. Wollaston, j
and Mr. Wedgwood, actually obtained photo
graphs in 1802, by taking advantage of this sci
entific discovery. A camera obscura was provided,
through the lens of which the sun's light was ad
mitted : the light was focalized on a small sheet
of glass, painted with a colored device or picture;
and then it fell upon a sheet of paper rendered
sensitive by nitrate of silver. It was found that,
according to the depth of color through which
the light passed, so did the paper become more
or less darkened; reproducing the picture, not in
colors, but with due gradiations of light and
shade. In this way, photographs (as we should
now call them) were produced of patterns, figures,
woody fibres of plants, wings of insects, and deli
cate designs of lace. But the affair died out, and
was net revivified for a long series of years, owing
to the fact that no fixing process had then been
discovered. The photographs darkened and dark
ened, day by day, until no picture of any kind
was left. Those clever men did three-fourths of
the work nearly seventy years ago; but they
failed to hit the remaining fourth ; therefore they
are not honored as the discoverers of photography.
Not the least noteworthy of these instances is
that which relates to the electric telegraph. The
Jesuit. Strada, in 1617, speculated on the possi
bility that there might, some day, be found a
species of loadstone or magnet possessing much
more wonderful properties than those long known.
He supposed it to have such virtues, "that if two
needles be touched with it, and then balanced on
separate pivots, and the one be turned in a par
ticular direction, the other will move sympatheti
cally with it." If, then, two persons were pos
sessed of two such magnetic needles, and settled
upon a pre-arranged code, they might talk at any
distance. He merely imagined such a stone, but
did not venture to predict that it would ever be
found. The same idea was developed somewhat
more fully by Henry Van Etten, in 1660, very
likely after reading Strada: "Some say that by
means of a magnet, or such like stone, persons
who are distant from each other may converse
together. For example, Claude being m Paris,
and John at Rome, if each had a needle touched
by a stone of such virtue, that as one moved it
self at Paris, the other should be moved at Rome;
then let Claude and John have a similar alphabet,
and agree to speak every day at six o'clock in the
evening. Let the needle make three turns and
a half, to signal that it was Claude, and no other,
who wishes to speak with John. Claude wants
to 'signify, ' Le roi est a Paris,' and makes his
needle stop at L, then at e, then at r, o, i, and so
of the rest. Now, at the same time, the needle
of John, agreeing with that of Claude, will go on
moving, and stop at the same letters ; so that he
can easily understand or notice what the other
would signify to him." Van Etten gave a dia
gram,showingthedial, needle, pivot, alphabet, &c,
for working out the idea. He was very candid and
honest, however, for he added: "It is a fine in
vention ; but I do not think there is a magnet
in the world which has such virtue." And he
implied a danger: "Besides, it is inexpedient,
for treasons would be too frequent, and too much
protected." A pleasant paper in the Spectator
gave a new turn to this idea, pointing out how
two lovers could carry on a sentimental conversa
tion whenever cruel distance separated them.
Each lover must have a dial, with the requisite
magnet, and all the letters of the alphabet; but,
besides these letters, it should have " several I
entire words which have always a place in pas
sionate epistles, as flames, darts, die, language,
absence, Cupid, heart, eyes, being, dear, and the
like. This would very much abridge the lovers
pains in the way of writing a letter, as it would
enable him to express the most useful and insig
nificant word with a simple touch of the needle."
Those who have witnessed the action of Wheat
stone's dial telegraph will perceive how closely
this odd conceit of the writers of former days
approximates to the actual results of scientific
invention ; for there are not only the letters of
the alphabet around the dial, but there are also
single signs to denote complete words. The
cardinal point of difference is this : that the pre
dictors imagined some kind of occult mystical
connection between the two dials; whereas, in
the practical telegraph, there is a copper wire,
with or without an enveloping cable, extending
from one end to the other, be the distance ten
yards or ten thousand miles. It Avas in 1745, so
far as known, that a wire was first made to con
vey an electric impulse to a considerable distance.
Dr. Watson stretched a wire across the Thames
near Westminster bridge, and sent an impulse
through it from one observer to another; it was,
however, merely a shock ; not a signal to be in
terrupted or discriminated. The first talking
through a wire appears to have been effected in
1787, Avhen M. Lamond, a French electrician,
arranged two electrical machines in two rooms
of his house, with a Avire connecting them. He
agreed Avith Madam Lamond that the peculiar
movements of the tAvo little pith balls, excited
by an electric current, should denote certain let
ters or words: and thus a conAersation Avas car
ried on by Avorking the two electrical machines
Defoe threw oft' many thoughts Avhich read
very much like anticipations of the London
University, the Foundling Hospital, the Royal
Academy of Music, and the Metropolitan Police.
But these are not so much inventions as estab
lishments. In the same light, perhaps, may be
regarded John Hill's scheme for a penny post,
broached in 1059. Jasper, a Westphalian peasant,
may be said to have predicted or imagined rail-
Avays and locomotives at a date Avhen he certainly i
never saAv such things in Germany, and Avhen Ave
Avere only just beginning to think about them in
England. In 1830 he Avrote: "A great road Avill
be carried through our country from east to west,
Avhich Avill pass through the forest of Bodel
scliAving. On this road, carriages Avill run with
out horses, and cause a dreadful noise." There
Avas A'an Etten, already mentioned, Avho put forth
schemes bearing a remarkable resemblance to
real inventions of later date such as the air
gun, the steam-gun, the hydraulic press, and
raised letters for the use of the blind. The dif
ferential thermometer, quite a modern invention
as to actual construction, Avas very correctly pre
figured by the Jesuit Lana in 1(575. Daniel
ScliAventen, Avho Avrote a thick quarto volume of
descriptions in 1036, may assuredly be credited
Avith a kind of pre-invention of the centrifugal
pump, the diving-bell, and the diving-dress.
Defoe's Captain Singleton, in his imaginary jour
ney in Africa, sketches a central lake which, bears
a strong resemblance to one of those which Grant,
Speke, Baker, Burton, and Livingstone have been
exploring during the last few years. But this,
if worth nothing at all, was a pre-discovery, not
a pre-invention; and it is surmised that some
Jesuit had pre'iously marked down some such
lake on a map, either as a mental creation or as
the result of investigation.
The only disadvantage of an honest heart is
credulity. Sir Philip Sydney.
"NEVER MIND THE HAT, MY BOY."
General Sheridan Avas idly sauntering up and
down the lobby of the Windsor Hotel, deep in
thought, and complacently puffing his Havana,
and bloAving the white smoke into pretty little
rings. Suddenly a rough-looking man, Avith face
so heavily bearded that one could see nothing
but the twinkling little black eyes, approached
him, and, raising his hat with awkward embar
rassment, said :
"Good morning, General."
The hero of Winchester returned the greeting,
touched his cap with a military politeness, and
then, trying to peer through the miner's heavy
beard to get a glimpse of his features, the General
"I'm afraid I've forgotten your face, sir."
The eyes of the man from Gunnison twinkled
brighter than ever as he remarked :
"It's not unlikely, General; seein's Ave never
met but once afore, you wouldn't be so apt to
remember me as I am you. It's seventeen years
since I saAv you last. Things has changed since
then. It Avas on the battle-field of Cedar Creek.
Don't you remember the soldier that gave you
his horse Avhen yours Avas shot from under you
by a shower of canister from the masked bat
teries on the brow of the hill?" and the old man
looked up with eager pride into the General's
"That I do," ansAvered the General, Avith
pleased interest and a brighter flash in his eye:
"I remember it well."
"I was that soldier," continued the miner,
proudly. "I remember the circumstance very
well, sir. When you put spurs to my horse and
galloped off you left your hat behind you. I
called to you as loud as I could, but you replied,
' Never mind the hat, my boy.' I've got that hat
yet, General. It's hanging in my cabin in the
mountains," and the rough fellow's eyes gloAved
Sheridan grasped his hand and led him to a
seat, and for half an hour they fought the battle
of Cedar Creek over again. Denver Tribune.
OUR LITTLE NAVY,
The subject of our navy has began again to be
agitated. These agitations are always spasmodic,
so they amount to nothing, dying in their own
socket Avithout having accomplished anything,
their life being too brief. The latest is in the
language of the NeAv York Sun, which expresses
itself on the question :
"The Navy Register for July 1, 1881, which
has made its appearance during the present week,
confirms in a remarkable Avay that public im
pression whose existence Ancient Mariner
Thompson recognized when he officially pro
tested that 'we have not a top-heaA-y navy.'
" We find on the list a total of forty cruisers in
commission, two of these being first rates, and
nine second rates, Avhile the remainder are of the
third and fourth rates, and some arc under sails
only. To these may be added seventeen vessels,
comprising receiving ships, store ships, rams and
tugs, aud finally five iron-clads, the Ajax, Catskill,
Lehigh, Mahopac, and Manhattan, laid up at City
Point, though in commission.
" To handle these vessels and to perform the
related duties, useful and ornamental. Ave find on
the active list alone an admiral, a A-ice-admiral,
twelve rear admirals, twenty -five commodores,
fifty captains, ninety commanders, eighty lieutenant-commanders,
and 2S0 lieutenants, not to
speak of one hundred masters, one hundred en
signs, eighty -tAvo midshipmen, and 130 cadet
midshipmen, all pressing upAvard to fill any
chance vacancy overhead.
" This, however, is only the line. We must not. j
of course, omit the staff, beginning at the medical '
corps, with its fifteen directors, fifteen inspectors, j
fifty surgeons, seventy-nine passed assistant sur- j
geons. Then conies the pay corps, with its thir- i
teen directors, twelve inspectors, forty-eight pay- j
masters, twenty-nine passed assistant paymasters, j
and nineteen assistant paymasters. The engineer j
corps folloAvs, boasting no feAver than seventy I
chief engineers, besides one hundred passed assist- j
ant engineers, thirty-five assistant engineers, and
seventy-three cadet engineers. To these must be !
added tAvcnty-four chaplains, tAvelve professors of j
mathematics, eleven naval constructors, five as- I
sistant naval constructors, and ten ciil engi- i
"Passing the boatswains, gunners, carpenters,
sailmakers, and mates, avc find 14:2 more cadet
midshipmen, and seventy-nine more cadet engi
neers at Annapolis. What the retired and re
served list Avould add may be imagined from the
fact that it contains thirty-six rear admirals.
The marine corps contributes seventy-seven offi
cers, between the ranks of colonel and lieutenant,
on the active list.
"Mr. Thompson ahvays held that there Avere
not too maivy officers for the ships, but too few
ships for the officers. Judge Hunt is evidently
inclined to this same ingenious vieAv; and he
hopes, through the recommendations of Admiral
Rodger's board, to induce Congress to build a few
more vessels to supply the urgent needs of the
commanders Avho have nothing to command."
Liberty will not descend to a people; a people
must raise themselves to liberty. It is a blessing
to be earned before it can be enjoyed. Til ton.
SEPTEMBER 6TH, 1881.
J. S. SLATER.
A day of fasting and of prayer.
A day of sorrow everywhere.
A day of gloom whoj-e darkness spread
Above a people's bended head,
O'ershadows hearts surcharged with woe
Because of that assassin blow
Which fifty million mourners feel
Which made a mighty nation reel
Like Mrickcn form beneath the shock
Of mighty earthquake. Thou, our Bock l
To Thee we flee. Steadfast and strong
Grant, God, our Chieftain's life prolong.
Lead him by certain steps and sure
Along life's path to perfect cure.
"Well hath he served Thee in the past.
And now, though skies be overcast.
He holds to Thee. He is Thine own,
And ours as well. A nation's moan
Is lifted up that he may live ;
Thou hast the gift of life, then give
To him this boon and lift him up.
Take from our lips the bitter cup
We e'en must quail" while yet he lies
Beyond all mortal skill's emprise.
Hear, Lord, and answer; tlien blmll be
All glory, prai, ascribed to Thee.
A FREAK OF FORTUNE.
A Chicago journalist is an intimate friend of a
Chicago millionaire. In a recent confidential
conversation occurred the folloAving narrative, as
reproduced in the Chicago Inter Ocean:
After sitting in reflective silence for a few
moments, Mr. Blank said suddenly: "I've a
notion to tell you my story. It is so singular
that it may be incredible, and it is certainly not
an experience one Avould think I had gone
The reporter expressed a desire to hear the
"I Avill tell you, upon condition that you Avill
never mention my name in connection Avith it."
The promise of secrecy Avas readily given.
" I do not propose," said Mr. Blank, as he puffed
leisurely a fragrant cigar, "to be so specific that
I will Avorry you. All you Avant to knoA is the
general circumstances, of course. Well, I came
from Devonshire nearly thirty years ago, landing
in Ncav York, at about the age of twenty-five,
Avith my Avife, a few pounds in my pocket, and a
stout heart. I had come to seek my fortune like
many young men before me Avho found their
native land unkind in care of them. Almost
upon my arriAal I Avas taken sick, and before I
had secured any employment a fever seized me,
and when Aveeks afterward I came back to life
my money Avas gone and Ave Avere in debt for
rent. My poor Avife had made a feAv dimes here
and there doing cheap sewing, but the little she
could do was not enough, and much before I was
aide I arose from my bed to seek for work.
Those Avere sorry days for us, I can tell you. Up
and down the streets I wandered, asking every
place for Avork ; but I was weak and emaciated, and
no one cared to give me employment. I was not
worth it, really, and so I went on for tAvo weeks,
my health scarcely improving ; my case becom
ing more and more desperate every day, utterly
exhausted and djscouraged, feeling miserable and
sick, ready to die but for my Avife, I sank down
upon a box that stood against a lamp-post on
BroadAvay. I took my hat off that the breeze
might cool my burning head, and I guess that I
so fell asleep. Anyway, when I became conscious
of where I Avas and felt somewhat rested, I arose
to put on my hat, Avhen some small coins rolled
out upon the sideAvalk. My heart throbbed as
though a miracle had been performed. I picked
these up, and found others in my hat. Altogether
I had nearly $1. There Avas a good supper for
my Avife and me, and I had besides got an idea.
I said to myself, I Avas perfectly willing to Avork
for a little money and no one would employ me;
now since people are willing to give me money
Avithout work I Avill accept it that Avay, and I
did. Every day after that I slouched down at a cor
ner on some public thoroughfare and held out my
hat. I asked no one for alms, but just sat there
with my hat out. As fast as any .money was
dropped in I transferred it to my pockets. The
first day I took in S2.50, aud from that time my
earnings were never less, and they have run as
high as $25 in a day. I took to all sorts of tricks
to look miserable and played upon the public,
though I Avas soon as well and vigorous as the
best Avho came along. Well, sir, I kept this
business up six years, and at the end of that
time I had actually taken in a little over $30,000,
of which I had $20,000 in bank, a little in many
banks. I then had tAvo children, and Ave lived
comfortably. When I found I had $20,000 I con
cluded to invest it. I did. I bought stocks, and
after quietly speculating two years I had made
$227,000, and concluded to give up my old life
and become a gentleman again. I came West.
I bought land in this vicinity. In a short time
that land more than ever made me a rich man,
and to-day I am Avorth not a penny less than
$800,000. That, sir, all came from a beggar's hat
in the streets of New York. Strange storv! I
think so myself. Really, it iioav seems to me
that all this Avas a dream. It does not seem real."
Mr. Blank lighted his cigar, leaned comfortably
back in his chair and remarked: "Never despise
a begger. You can't tell how rich he mav be.'
The journalist went his war that afternoon !
Avondering much, envious of the mendicant at
the corner, and inclined to turn beggar himself.
It is hoped that this story Avill nof induce ;
many to turn street beggars.
JOHN DENNIS AND GENERAL FLOYD.
Early in the late civil war, John Dennis, a full
negro, believing himself fired with patriotic zeal,
and able to serve his country, besought his mas
ter, a Georgian, and obtained permission to ac
company a regiment from that State, which was
soon placed under the command of General Floyd.
The history of that command is well known. On
the retreat John became homesick, and was al
lowed to depart. Fie had become well known to
General Floyd and all his command. On his de
parture he went to take leave of the general,
when the following dialogue was had :
General Floyd: "AYell, John, you are going to
leaA'e us, eh?"
John : "Yes. Mars Floyd; it 'pears like I could
do more good at home now dan bein" here; so I
thought I'd go home and 'courage up our people
to hold on."
General F: "That's right, John. But are you
going to tell 'em that you left us when running
from the Yankees ? "
John: "No, sir; no. Mars Floyd, dat I ain't.
You may 'pen upon my not tellin nothin to "mor
alize deni people."
General F: "But how will you get around tell
ing them John?"
John: "Easy enough, Mars Floyd. It won't
do to 'moralize dem people. I'm goin' to tell 'em
(lis dat when I left de army it was in first-rate
sperrits. and dat, owin' to de situation of de coun
try and de way de land lay, we was a-advancin'
back'ards, and de Yankees was a-retreatin' on to
us." Harper Magazine.
A NICE LITTLE PLUM, j
Many persons expressed surprise when they .
heard lately that General Grant had paid $90,000 j
for a house up-town, because they had supposed
him to be comparatively poor. Those in position
to know say that he is worth from $600,000 to
$700,000, and that he will soon be worth three or j
four times as much. JV. V. Times. !
Never bind up a head before it is broken, or
comfort a conscience to at makes no confession.
CLAIMS! - CLAIMS!
This Claim House Estab
lished in 18651
GEORGE E. LEMON,
OFFICES, 01,1 Fifteenth St., (Citizens' National Bank,)
WASHINGTON, I. C.
P. O. Drawer 325.
If wounded, injured, or have contracted any disease,
however slight the disability, apply at once. Thousands
Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fathers,
and miiror brothers and sisters, in the order named, are
War of 1812.
All surviving offieers and soldiers of this war. whether
in the Military or Naval service of the United States, who
served fourteen (14) days ; or, if in a battle or skirmish,
for a less period, and the widows of such who have not
remarried, are entitled to a pension of eight dollars a
month. Proof of loyalty is no longer required in these
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than formerly, axd
many are now entitled to a higher rate than they receive.
From and after January, 1881, 1 shall make no charges
for my services in claims for increase of pension, where no
new disability is alleged, unless successful in procuring
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have lnsen unjustly dropped from the
pension roll, or whose names have been stricken there
from by reason of failure to draw their pension for a pe
riod of three years, or by reason of re-enlistment, may
have their pensions renewed by corresponding with this
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in another,
is not a bar to pension in cases where the wound, disease,
or injury was incurred while in the service of the United
States, and in the line of duty.
Survivors of all wars from 1790, to March 3, 1855, and
certain heirs are entitled to one hundred and sixty acres
of land, if not already received. Soldiers of the late war
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest mar
ket rates, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War.
Ration money promptly collected.
Amounts due collected without unnecessary delay.
Such claims cannot be collected without the furlough.
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to. Many
claims of this character have been erroneously rejected.
Correspondence in such cases is respectfully invited.
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in States
not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special attention,
provided they were filed before January 1, 1880. If not
riled prior to that date they are barred by statute of limi
tation. In addition to the above we prosecute Military and
Naval claims of every description, procure Patents, Trade
Marks, Copyrights, attend to business before the General
Land Office and other Bureaus of the Interior Depart
ment, and all the Departments of the Government.
"We invite correspondence from all interested, assuring
them of the utmost promptitude, energy, and thorough
ness in all matters intrusted to our hands.
GEORGE E. LEMON.
As this may reach the hands of some persons unac
quainted with this House, we append hereto, as speci
mens of the testimonials in our possession, copies of let
ters from several gentlemen of Political and Military
distinction, and widely known throughout the United
Belvidere, Lvl., October 24, 1S75.
I take great pleasure in recommending Captain George
E. Lemon, now of Washington, D. C, to all persons who
may have claims to settle or other business to prosecute
before the Departments at Washington. -I know him to
be thoroughly qualified, well acquainted with the laws,
and with Department rules in all matters growing out
of the late war, especially in the Paymaster's and Quar
termaster's Offices. I have had occasion to employ him
for friends of mine, also, in the soliciting of Patents, and
have found him very active, well-informed and success
ful. As a gallant officer during the Avar, and an hon
orable and successful practitioner, I recommend him
stronglv to all who may need his services.
S. A. HURLBUT, M. C,
Fourth Congressional District, Illinois.
Late Major-General, U. S. Vols.
Citizens' Natioxai.. Bantc,
Washington, D. C, January 17, 1S79.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and agent for the
collection of war claims at Washington city is a thor
ough, able, and exceedingly well-informed man of busi
ness, of high character, and entirely responsible. I be
lieve that the interests of all having war claims requiring
adjustment cannot be confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CRESWELL,
W. F. ROACH,
House of Representatives,
Washington, D. C, March , 1875.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain George
E, Lemon of this city, I cheerfully commend him as a
gentleman of integrity and worth, and well qualified to
attend to the collection of Bounty and other claims
against the Government. His experience in that line
give him superior advantages.
W. P. SPRAGUE. M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRAWBRIDGE, M. C,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
House of Representatives,
Washington, D. C, March 1, 1S78.
We, the undersigned, having an acquaintance with
Captain George E. Lemon for the past few years, and a
knowledge of the systematic manner in Avhich he con
duets his extensive business and of his reliability for fair
and honorable dealings connected therewith, cheerfully
commend him to claimants gencrallv.
A. V. RICE, CTunVnmn,
Committee on Invalid Pensions. House Peps.
W. F. SLEMONS. M. C,
Second District of Ark.
W. P. LYXDE, M. C.
Fourth District of Wis.
R. W. TOWXSHEXD, M. C,
Mnetcenth District of HI.
iS2rAiiy person desiring information as to my stand
ing and responsibility Aill, on request, be furnished with
a satisfactorA' reference in his Aicinity or Congressional
TOO MANY GENERALS.
The last official census of the population of
Venezuela returns no less than 32,222 generals.
Some of them are stated to be on active service,
others in the reserve. The present President,
General Guzman Blanco, has created ,000 of
them. The army itself is not so numerous jus are
its generals. A letter of August 7, from Vene
zuela to the New York Times, says that Blanco,
disgusted with these facts getting abroad,
abolished the rank of "general," except for him
self as commaiulor-in--hief of the army.