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title: 'The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, September 17, 1881, Page 3, Image 3',
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THE NATIONAL TJRIBUNB: WASHINGTON, D. C, SEPTEMBER 17, 1881.
For The National. Tkiiiuxu.
THE FORLORN HOPE.
Two hours we lay on Hie battle's mnrgc
In siKht of the conflict's blood -rcI wave?.
Then came the order for us to charge;
And shadowy forms of new-made graves
"Rose on our sight as the bugle shrill
Called the men to arms. The ranks fell in.
The regiment formed to storm the hill,
From whose fearful crest would soon begin
To bellow monsters whose food is death.
And who gorge themselves at each hot breath.
The Fifth was only three hundred strong
Twns twite that number a month before
And the eyes of our colonel ran along
But a shortened line as he gazed it o'er;
Yet his gal hint heart was undismayed
As he looked beyond to deadly height
"Whose crown of cannon and men arrayed
Shone clear in the summer's golden light;
For lie knew the souls of those who stood
To do hix will, in the sheltering wood.
" Forward, march ! " the command was given ;
And the living line, all tipped with steel,
Gloved to the Held where white smoke driven
By gentle breeze, began to reveal
The windfall of death which paved the way
In our front with bodies, of gallant men
"Who had joined in battle's fierce afl'ray
To but fall in war's red .-laughter pen.
Then sounded the cannon deep and loud
And the smoke closed 'round like fun nil shroud.
Our eagles pointed the way. With cheer
We charged ahead as the word rang out
On the sulphurous air so loud and clear
That it rose above the battle's rout,
We charged ahead, while the sky rained shell
And iron grapes: while the vengeful breath
Of carnage breathed on us hot from hell
We charged right into the jaws of death.
We knew scores fell as each cruel blast
Swept our ranks, but readied the guns at last.
Then the red tide ran with swiftest flow.
Then the stricken forms, with glazing eye.
Lay thickest on blood-stained turf below,
And few were they whom grim death passed by.
We readied the guns, and the gunners fled;
But concealed behind their strong redoubt
There had lain, all silent as the dead,
Foes eager to let our life-blood out.
From their ready rifle sheets of flame
Fast graved new names on the roll of fame.
We reached the guns and held our own
tAs cr-t we had done within the year
Till we heard above the dying groan
And lire-arms' rattle the ringing cheer
That told us relief was coming fast.
And then, as we peered the smoke-cloud through.
Which hung o'er the field we late had passed,
We saw the long, waving lines of Blue,
And knew that our work was nearly done
That the bloody field was fairly won.
We camped that night where we fought. The lieanis
Of the pale moon looked on a little band
Not half so large as the sun's bright gleams
Had kissed, or the morning's breezes fanned.
Around us lay. locked in death's embrace.
Full many a comrade true and tried.
And many a silent, upturned face
Bore marks of the conflict's fiercest tide.
We won the field, but at fearful cost
Two-thirds of our Forlorn Hope were lost.
AT GAIKES'S MILL.
SCENES AND INCIDENTS OF THE BATTLE.
J. S. Slater in National Republican.
At the commencement of the Seven Days' Fight
upon the Peninsula in June, 13G2, the right wing
of the Union Army, consisting of the Fifth Corps
and Pennsylvania Reserves, under command of
General F. J. Porter, lay upon the left or north
bank of the Chickahominy, extending from the
vicinity of Gaines's westward to Mechanicsville,
or a little beyond. During the progress of the
battle of Mechanicsville, fought mainly by the
Pennsylvania Reserves, on the 26th of June, the
men of the Fifth corps were busily engaged in
preparing for the heavy work which all seemed
to instinctively feel was impending, and when,
late at night, the order to fall back from Mechan
icsville behind the Gaines's Mill stream was re
ceived by General Porter, the efforts to dispose of
all impediments to his movements, by sending the
trains, material, sick and wounded of the corps
to the smith bank of the Chickahominy, in the
direction of Savage's Station, and which had been
begun in anticipation of possible contingencies
some hours earlier, were redoubled : but davlight
on the 27th found some of the heavy siege pieces
yet mounted in the vicinity of Gaines's and Ho
gan's plantations, and these being no longer of
use in their then localities, owing to change in
the Union front, were eventually dragged off by
the men of the First Connecticut heavv artillery,
having them in charge. Meantime, General Bar
nard, of the engineers, whom McClellan had left
for that purpose when he returned to his head
quarters from before Mechanicsville, accompanied
General Porter to Gaines's, and pointed out, in a
general way. positions for a portion of the troops,
principally upon the left, near the river. Before
, separating, Porter requested him to send over
immediately a detachment of the engineer bat
talion with axes to fell trees for breastworks and
to obstruct the advance of the enemy, explaining
that, except those with the batteries, there were
few axes in the corps. General Barnard left quite
early, agreeing to send the needed assistance, and
also to remind McClellan of his promise to Porter
of the night before, that he would send
of Franklin's corps to his support. On his way
over, however, he met some of Slocum's troops
on their way to the north bank, and supposing
McClellan had complied with his promise to
strengthen Porter, and finding the former asleep
on reaching his tent, went to bed without dis
turbing him. As a result Slocum's promised
movement, and which had been entered upon,
was countermanded by some one, so that instead
of reaching the field in the morning, as had been
contemplated, he did not arrive until after three
o'clock p. m.. and. then only in response to re
peated and urgent calls from the commander of
the Fifth Corps. Nor did the axes reach Porter,
through some misunderstanding, until nearly
sundown: and then they were without handles,
and some of the Pennsylvania Reserves were de
tailed to helve them, Porter hoping he might be
able during the night to render his position im
pregnable to any force the rebels could hurl
Against if, After General Barnard's departure
Porter began withdrawing from Beaver Dam
Creek, and before ten o'clock the corps had occu
pied the ground previously selected, upon which
a stand w:ls to be made. Like that at Mechanics
ville, the new line was formed upon the east side
of a small water-course 'Gaines's Mill Creek),
! flowing a few hundred yards to the eastward of
Gaines's house and entering the Chickahominy
from the north at nearly a right angle. The
troops constituting the first line, for about
half the distance, beginning on the left, lay
along the bed of the ravine, which was quite
heavily timbered, through which the stream
, ran. The woods, however, were but a narrow
i strip, although the trees were mostly of good
! size, and comparatively free from underbrush,
extending on the east to near the top of the de-
; clivity, but upon the wesb barely crossing the
' creek at most places, beyond which the ground
! rose quite precipitously to a height ranging from
ten to fifteen yards, the slope and crest, as well
as the country for some distance beyond, being
i perfectly bare, thus affording
excellent range FOR Gi'xs
and musketry against the foe. Toward the left
. or south the ravine spread out fan-shaped, and the
i high ground of its banks descended gradually into j had been frightful.
' the open, narrow valley of the Chickahominy, i Immediately after the attack upon the centre
which at that point was swept by the Union ar- a similar demonstration was made upon the ex
tillerv upon both sides of the river. Morell's treme left, whicb also resulted in the repulse of
division of the Fifth Corps held the ci't. occupy-
1 ing the strip of woods as already indicated, its
: left flank resting upon the descent to the river,
' and extended in a northerly direction into the
elevated and open country on the right. General
Butterfield's brigade, composed of the Eighty-
third Pennsylvania, Twelfth, (the Seventeenth
being absent on detached duty), and Forty-fourth
New York, and Sixteenth (Stockton's) Michigan
regiments, occupied the extreme left: then came
the First brigade, made up of the Twenty-second i him. As yet no trace of Slocum was to be seen. ! iork (Irish brigade), arrived. regiments be seen on a battle-field. They will
Massachusetts, (the Eighteenth being absent with j Near the Union commander, sitting upon their The appearance of two fresh brigades enabled i henceforth take position with the reserve ammu
. the Seventeenth N. Y.,) Thirteenth and Twenty- i horses, unmoved by bursting shells and flying the Union commander to reconstruct his line, nition, and the hospital and commissariat stores,
i fifth New York, Second Maine, and First Michi- bullets, sat the Prince de Joinville and his neph- I which he did by carrying out the formation al- in the rear.
i gan; and next Griffin's brigade, consisting of I ews, the Due de Chartres and Count de Paris, i ready begun upon the high ground overlooking This change being inevitable. Broad Arrow seeks
the Sixty-second Pennsylvania, Fourth Michi- ; volunteer aides upon his stalf for the occasion, j and commanding the bridges. Sykes, whose front , to find what comfort it can in it. It says: "The
; gan. Ninth Massachusetts, and Fourteenth New j The Count, becoming alarmed for his uncle's i had remained unbroken, was drawn in from Cold genius of Utility is, it may be repeated, abroad,
York volunteers, joining Sykes's division of Regu- safety, rode up to Porter and begged him to send ! Harbor, and, facing northward, was joined on his I and its requirements are that the balance of ad-
1 lars, and the Fifth (Duryea's Zouaves) and the the Prince beyond danger. Porter, who had been ! left by the remnants of Morell's troops, facing ' vantage must be on its side. If, therefore, the
, Tenth New York, under "Warren, which, partly in contemplating another effort to secure help, im- . westward. French and Meagher were in the val- sacrifice of life entailed by the presence of the
wooded, partly in cleared ground, extended to mediately dispatched him to McClellan with a ley: Slocum's men wherever their strength was colors in the field is greater than it need be, Util-
fhe rear of Cold Harbor. The entire position de- i message stating his needs, and he departed, not i most required. "While taking part in the move- . ity declares that they must go, and there can be
' scribed about the arc of a circle, some two miles
in extent, facing west and north, enveloping with-
in the curve and thus covering the bridge heads
to the rear in the valley of the Chickahominy.
McCall's division of Pennsylvania Reserves, hav-
ing been engaged the day previous, were formed
in a second line in rear of the first : Meade's brig
ade on the left, in the low ground.
REYNOLDS ON THE RIGHT,
covering the approaches from Cold Harbor and
Dispatch Station to Sumner's Bridge, further
down the river, and Seymour's brigade in reserve
j to the second line yet further to the rear. Gen- New York, Fifth Maine, and Ninety -fifth and I slope. Hello!" shouted one of the sergeants; wars, and, indeed, wherever the British and
, eral P. St. George Cooke, commanding five com- Ninety-sixth Pennsylvania, were assigned to ! "where do you belong?" "Griffin's battery," came J French troops have been opposed, the risk of the
j jiauies of the Fifth and two squadrons of the strengthen the line on different parts of the field, i back the reply. "Then take these colors and give former as regards loss of colors has always been
i First Regular cavalry and three squadrons of In half an hour's time all were in the midst of them to the Thirteenth New York, or be d d to more than double that of their enemies, the
the Sixth Pennsylvania (Rush's lancers), selected the conflict. The three or four batteries which ; you.'' The flags were thrown across, gathered up French carrying but one eagle to a regiment of
his own position and posted his command behind , accompanied Slocum also went into action and j and borne to their proper owners, just as the ser- about 1.500 men: whilst with us there are two
a hill in rear of the infantry upon the left, near did splendid service, especially ITexamer's (New I geants were made prisoners of war. At nine colors to a battalion. This is now permanently
1 the Chickahominy. The artillery of the corps, Jersey. ) Five o'clock, and another determined ; o'clock the fighting ceased and found the Unian ! removed : but the argument adduced by the au
consisting of Kingsbury's (Griffin's) and "Weed's ' attack was made upon the Union left and centre. troops nearly half a mile in rear of their position thorities is doubtless that which has most ope
( batteries (D and I, Fifth United States); "Weed- The foe succeeded in making their way nearly to j of the morning, and with a loss of about 9,000. rated towards the dismissal of colors from the
! en's (C, First Rhode Island); Martin's and Allen's ' the foot of the slope before they were checked. ' out of 33 000 men (including the reinforcements : field. The rifle regiments have never had colors,
, (C and E, First Massachusetts); Easton's, Coop- , During the assault the Thirteenth New York from over the river) engaged. ' because their loose order of formation rendered
, er's, and Kern's (A, B, and G, First Pennsylvania captured the flag of the Fifct Tennessee, of Long- ; good generalship .them an encumbrance rather than a rallying-
, Reserve artillery); Edwards's (L and M, Third i street's corps, and the Second Maine volunteers and the most desperate fighting alone saved the I point in action. As the rifle formation now ex
, United States)", with one or two others, including took a similar trophy from an Alabama reg- i Union Army from utter overthrow; for had Per- ; tends, with very little modification, to the whole
l the batteries of Smead and Yoegeleer, aggregating iment. Six o'clock, and then the tide of battle i ter been driven from his position the troops upon i of the line, the withdrawal of the colors becomes
' between sixty and seventy guns, was posted extended from the Chickahomiuy to the extreme I the opposite bank of the river would have been j a logical result. It is impossible to censure a
on the commanding ground and at intervals
between divisions and brigades, and the horse
batteries of Tidball and Robertson (A and B,
Second United States), from the artillery re
serve, were stationed, the former on the extreme
right of Sykes and the latter on the extreme
left of the line in the Valley of the Chicka-
hominy. Before noon everything was in readi-
ness, so far as human foresight and military
skill could determine, for the onset. About
twelve o'clock there was a stir in front of Sykes,
A few scattering shots
were heard, and then, without any preliminary
feeling out the way, the conflict was begun by
the enemy marching down the Cold Harbor
road from the west. For half an hour the roar
of cannon and rattle of musketry was terrific.
Neither side seemed to be yielding. All at
once the guns upon the left edge of the storm
slackened fire, a good old-fashioned Union cheer i
rent the air, and those who heard it knew the
Boys in Blue were charging. The wave of
sound moved westward; the rebels were being
driven back. Five, ten, fifteen minutes the
time dragged slowly along and the enemy
upon the right had been repulsed: then, like the ,
low- murmurings of the sea to be heard upon a ,
still night near the coast, there came to the ears
of those forming the Union centre sounds which
told them their hour of trial was rapidly ap
proaching. Presently some of Bcrdan's men, from
their stations in trees and from other elevated
points began picking off the leaders of the rebel
column marching from Gaines's house to the as
sault. While thus engaged a single shot was fired
from the high ground to the westward, and at the
signal the heavens began dropping the bolts of
death upon the waiting lines below. The enemy
SHELLING THE TIMRER.
lu"C branches, like giant arms twisted and torn
j from their sockets, tumbled down from above,
mingled with human fruit, as here and there a ,
rifleman fell from his lofty perch ; and yet, save ,
a battery or two upon the right, slfcd a few pieces ;
farther to the left, the Union artillery was dumb.
Suddenly, as though throttled by some mighty .
grasp, the rebel batteries ceased. Behind their
, frail defenses, hastily constructed upon their ar- '
! rival, the men, realizing what was coming, ,
, crouched with leveled muskets. Boom ! boom ! which the Union troops were forming a second j Ninety-fifth Pennsylvania, Hatfield of the First dried, the appearance of pearls. It proved, how
I boom! from the rear. Over their heads shrieked ' line, in rear of two or three batteries. Nearer i New Jersey, and Rossell of the Third Regulars; ' ever that the pearly coat when placed outside
the shells and hurtled the fearful tempest of,
! grape and canister. Porter's guns, masked in '
the timber, had watched and waited for the su-
prcme moment and it had come. They had .
held their peace long enough. The opportunity
was ripe, and they were having their say. The ,
smoke from their muzzles settled below the free-
' tops, and hung like a canopy above the men. ;
Earth and sky seemed to meet at each discharge,
' Presently tne ncaa oi tne rebel column appeared, ! twenty feet ot the muzzles of the pieces when
coming over the crest of the hill, at the foot of j the command to limber up was given. A part
j which lay the First and Third brigades of Mor- ( ing salute of grape and canister, and then four
J ell's division. First were seen through the va- j of the guns were dragged off, partly by hand,
..,,,,,.., ... -
porous fringe of smoke, slowly drifting upward,
j and waving banners, then the heads, shoulders, "
j and bodies of marching men dimly outlined
I against the blue sky. The command to fire was
j given, and it was time, for the foe were within
less than fifty yards. The ready flames leaped
i from thousands of rifles pointed at the gray ranks
j above, and simultaneously the enemy's bullets
i began in return to patter upon the leafy screen
over bead like the frozen pellets of a tremendous
j hail-storm. Ten minutes, and the tempest had
i passed away, but the grassy incline in front was
, strewn with its wrecks of mangled, bleeding
i forms. The herbage, in patches, had taken on a
I ghastly, crimson tinge. Whatever lay upon the
' level ground above and beyond could not be seen :
' but artillery, well served at point-blank range, is
i merciless. There, as lower down, the slaughter
the enemy. By three o'clock Reynolds, Meade,
and Seymour had all been called up to strengthen
the first line. There was not a man in reserve,
; except with the cavalry. Porter, from his posi-
' tion near the Adams House, within the circle of
fire, viewed with alarm how the foe had closed
! in upon him, but yet there was no help for it.
I The safety of the whole army depended upon his
I maintaining his position, and he felt that he must
i hold it at all hazards, whatever the odds against
i knowing by what influence he had been sent in-
! stead of a younger and more active man. Hur-
j rah ! Slocum has come at last! About half-past
four in the afternoon his division crossed the
; bridge, where he was met by aides from Porter,
, who directed his troops to positions where their
services were most needed. of a deep but narrow ravine. They were ordered there are no colors to capture, it is hardly worth
the new JERSEY rrigade. to surrender, and started first to the rear, but were while having any to lose, for the very intensity
consisting of the First, Second, Third, and Fourth j cut off by the enemy rapidly approaching from of the value placed upon them renders it unde
regiments, was moved to the assistance of Rey- that direction. Just when it seemed as if them- sirable that they should be jeopardized when the
nolds and Sevmour; the Sixteenth, Eighteenth, : selves and colors must become ' captured prop- ! enemy is guaranteed against a similar loss.
, Twenty-seventh, Thirty-first;, and Thirty-second
right, in rear of Cold Harbor. Two miles of fire !
""Will the daylight last forever?" asked the men
of themselves and of each other. Ah, no! It
had already gone out for many a gallant soul.
Night was destined to come to all, one way or
another, by and by. At about half-past six, while
, contending with the gray masses in front, a
'shower of bullets from the left and partly in
t their rear swept through the ranks of Morell's
' First brigade. The enemy had forced a passage
I between Butterfield and the river, and had flanked
j the Union left. Meade doubled back upon But-
j terfield, Butterfield's troops upon those to their
Then the whole
LEFT SWUNG SLOWLY (KT
of the timber and up the hill. There was no or
der to retreat given, nor was there any unusual
haste manifested in getting back. The continu-
ity of the line was not broken, but deflected to-
ward the east, so that it rested diagonally, instead ,
of transversely, across the valley. The men had '
simply yielded, but doggedly, to overpowering ;
numbers. Just when the situation was most criti- '
cal, Major "Whiting, with five companiesof cavalry, j
presumably acting under orders from Gen. Cooke, .
succeeded in accomplishing that which the rebels ,
had been striving all day to do, but in vain.
Charging from the rear, riding over the Union I
guns and gunners, trampling down the infantry, ;
the horsemen created a temporary panic which '
well-nigh proved fatal
The line, already strained
to its utmost, was broken, and by those avIio
should have assisted in strengthening it. Mean
time Meade and nearly the whole of Morell's
division had yielded, hi the ravine, where the
First brigade of the latter was located, the smoke
hung so dense and low that in the deepening
shadows of closing day it was difficult to distin-
guish friend from foe, though but a dozen feet '
apart. When the men started up the hill to-their j
rear the rebels were close at hand, coming up the I
ravine from below and clambering over the breast- ;
work where they had lain. The scene that met ,
thei r gaze as they reached the upper edge of the
terrip.le yet grand.
Between them and the Adams House, less than
half a mile to the eastward, stretched a broad, !
elevated plateau, swept from the right, left, and j
rear by the enemy's fire, on the farther side of '
by, in the edge of the wood fringing the ravine, i
several batteries, Griffin's and Weeden's among ;
the number, yet held their ground. One of them !
was supported by perhaps fifty soldiers from dif- j
fercnt regiments it was as safe there as at any j
other point stragglers and slightly-wounded
men. The foe swept up to the guns. Down '
went many of those who strove to stay the ad- !
vancing whirlwind. The enemy were within I
... - i
justin time to save them from capture. Two j Regulars: Lieutenants Sweet of the Fifth Cav
were abandoned, and those only because there airy: Van Duzen, Twelfth Infantry: Barker of
was not a horse nor men enough left to move the Second and Hoover of the Fourteenth Regu
them. Midway between the timber and the new j lars: Lema of the Thirteenth, Webster of the
line, upon the bank of a small rivulet, exposed to
the rays of a burning sun,
SAT A SOLDI ER
of the Ninth Massachusetts (Irish) regiment,
hatless, coatless, and smoking a short-stemmed
black pipe. He was dabbling his feet, which
: had been struck by a shell and made to resemble
i two bloody sponges, in the water, turning it to a
! bright crimson. As a little group of those who
j had stood by the battery passed him, he called
j out to one of them, "Avrali, Cap! Did yes iver see
', a bileel Irishman the loikes uv me?" The squad
, of men passed on, leaving one after another dead
, or wounded upon the field, until, at last, they
reached the new position, but with less than half
i the number of those who had started from the
edge of the wood. The day seemed lost alto- Reserves. In all, twenty-two cannon fell into
gether. Porter had called for additional help the hands of the enemy, mostly for want of trans
anal anxiously looked for it. He sent the Count ' portation, the horses being killed or wounded,
de Paris to hasten forward the needed succor.
' The'Count rode across the field and down toward
! the valley. On the very crest of the hill, where
it was almost certain death to linger, he turned.
' rose in his stirrups,
made A GRACEITL SALl'TE
to his chief and disappeared. About sundown
French and Meagher, the former with the Fifty-
I second, Fifty-seventh, and Sixty-sixth New York,
j and Fifty-third Pennsylvania, the latter with the
; Sixty-third, Sixty-ninth, and Eighty-eighth New
. tup; color sergeants
" ot the .thirteenth Isew York, of Morell's division
' "both wounded, became separated from their regi-
i ment. In attempting to rejoin it they were in
i tercepted by a body of rebels coming up the bed
j crty,'5 an artilleryman scrambled up the opposite
j completely at the mercy of the foe.
Roth officers and men are deserving of the
j greatest praise for the steady courage displayed
; throughout the entire day. and from among the
former, without in the least intending to detract
! from the credit due to others, we mention, in pass-
I ing, the names of Tidball, whose battery upon
i the extreme right virtually did the duty of a brig-
' ade, and of Colonels McQuade, Tilton, Marshall,
' Sweitzer, Stockton, Roberts (Second Maine), Rob-
i erts (First Michigan), "Warren, Simmons, Cass,
' Woodbury, Rice, Childs, Yarney, Gilbert, Duryea,
Bendix, Campbell. Richardson, Kirk, Howland.
Buck, Pratt, Jackson (Fifth Maine), Gardiner, gated to the depots, they have, under other cir
Bartlett, Adams, Cake, Sea vers, Myers, Town, cumstances, contributed their full share to the
Stone (of the Pennsylvania Rifles), Sickell, Gal- successes which generals may organize, but can
lagher, Jackson, McCandless, Magilton, Hays, j not always command."
Kirk, Taggart (of the Reserves) in fact all the i The Army and Navy Gazette is inconsolable at the
generals and field officers, as well as their subor-
dinates, proved themselves gallant soldiers. The
regimental commanders handled their men and
the men obeyed their officers like veterans as they
were. The artillery, too, proved the efficiency of
that arm of the service in every respect: and the
batteries of Tidball, Weed, Edwards, Easton.
Kern, Hyde, Hexamer, Yoegeleer, Smead, Martin,
Allen, and Cooper cannot be commended too
highly. The final result of the battle proved
the valor, discipline, and staying qualities of the
troops. For four hours
THE FIFTH CORPS
had alone withstood the assaults of LeeV 70,000
confederates; and, aided by Slocum, French, and
Meagher, had virtually held at bay Jackson,
Longstreet, the two Hills, Whiting, Magruder, J
Holmes, H uger, and Lawton. with their veteran
soldiery, until darkness put "an end to strife. The
enemy suffered terribly, their uasualities being !
considerably in excess of those upon the Union J
side, but the loss of officers among Porter's troops
was fearful, and the list of killed and wounded ,
shows scores of other names worthy of mention
for conspicuous gallantry. Among the killed were
Colonels Black, McLane, and Gosline, of the Sixty-
second, highty-third, and Mnety-fitth PennsyU.;
vania; Tucker, Second New Jersey, and Gove,
Twenty-second Massachusetts; Lieutenant Colo-
nels Skillen and Marsh of the Fourteenth and Six-
teenth New York, and Heath of the Fifth Maine:
Majors Naghel and Hubbs of the Eighty-third and
Captain Easton, Battery A, First Pennsylvania '
Reserve artillery ; Espy, Sixty-second Pennsyl- I
vania; Comstock of the First, De Puy and Pres- '
ton of the Fourth, and Carr and Mott of the Six- l
teenth Michigan; Barry and Rogers of the i
Eighteenth, Harrer of the Fourteenth, and Whit- ,
lock of the Thirty-first New York: Brewster of
the First, Dan forth of the Second, Buckley of the
Third, and Men-is of the Fourth New Jersey; ,
. .- . -',
Dunning and Salter of the Twenty-second, and i
Casey, Madigan, O'Neil, and McCafrerty of the
Ninth Massachusetts; Dodd of the Seventeenth,
Brindley of the Second, and Foote of the Sixth
i Twenty-seventh, Barnard and McFadden of the
Sixteenth, and Russell of the Eighteenth New
York; Mortimer of Follctts battery (C, Third
Massachusetts), Nugent and O'Dowd of the Ninth
Massachusetts infantry; Williams and McGraw
of the Sixteenth, and Jones of the Fourth Michi
gan: Stuart of the First, and Kedic of the Elev
enth Pennsylvania Reserves: Donohuc of the
Ninety -fifth, and Ellrich of the Ninety-sixth
Pennsylvania. The list of wounded, of whom
many died, was even greater. General Reynolds
' and Colonel Simpson, endeavoring to hold their
position against too great odds, were surrounded
a little after dusk and captured, together with a
large portion of the regiment of the latter (Fourth
New .Jersey) and of the Eleventh Pennsylvania
and were carried oft' when they fell back to the
westward of the field for the night. Thus ended
the battle of Gaines's Mill. About ten o'clock
there was a council of corps commanders called,
and McClellan announced his determination to
retreat to Harrison's Landing, which movement
was forthwith begun.
THE BRITISH STANDARDS,
Never more, according to present rules and
regulations, will the historic colors of the English
no doubt that the death of the gallant young offi
cers in Zululand has weighed heavily on Utility's
side. In addition to this, one continental nation
at least has set the example, and, in accordance
with experience, the whole world may be trusted
speedily to follow the German precedent. If
, Throughout the Revolutionary and Peninsular
decision which has so many reasons to recommend
it, however much we may deplore the loss of
lustre which it entails. Poetic fancy, sentiment,
and enthusiasm, count for much in the stress of
' battle, and mitigate, if they cannot chase away,
is 'im realities. Philosophers will count the
' lives saved by the disappearance of the cherished
emblems, around which many valuable ones have
' been lsrs and triey wiH estimate lightly what
. they will term the false glamor which inspirited
' tne conflict; but if battles must be fought, the
means by which they are won can never be de-
spised; and though the colors have now been rele-
change. "There is to be no more "rallying round
' Tne colors!'" it says, "no more 'fighting for the
: standard!' On State days, in the piping times
of peace, the fresh, bright silk is to be uncovered
ana ,)0rn on parades and oilfield days of show
and ceremony, and the names of scenes of strife
over which they never floated are to be added to
, the roll of splendid feats of arms. May the list
! nc lng and may the deeds be brilliant, as of
yore ! Amen ! But with that prayer there is
mingled a sorrowful sigh over the departed
memories of our regimental colors, buried, with
so many other associations, under ' the new sys
tern,' for ever."
"A pair of colors" is assigned to each regiment
or battalion of the line: One, the Queen's color
or union jack, charged with one or more of the
regimental devices; the other, the regimental
color. At first each infantry regiment had one
color only; afterwards they were three, and then,
in the reign of Queen Anne, the present number:
was established a pair.
Glass pearls, though among the most beautiful.
inexpensive and common ornaments worn bv the
ladies, are produced by a very singular process.
In l(5(i a Venetian, named Jaquin, discovered
that the scales of a fish called black-fish possessed
the property of communicating a pearly hue to
the water. He found, by experimenting, that
beads dipped into this water assumed, when
was easily rubbed off ; and the next improvement
was to make the beads hollow. The making of
these beads is carried on to this day in Venice,
ie beads are all blown separately." By means
0f a small tube the insides are delicately coated
wjth the pearly liquid, and a waxed coating is
placed over that. It requires the scales of four
thousand fish to produce half a pint of the liquid,
0 which a small ouantitv of al-ammonia and
isinglass are afterward added.
The smaller the calibre of mind the greater the,
bore of a perpetually open mouth. Holmes.