Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TBIBUKE: WASHINGTON, D. C, OCTOBER 1, 1881.
The National Tribune
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
to care for him who has borne the battle, and for his
widow and orphans." Abraham Lincoln.
Terms to Subscribers, Payable in Advance:
ONE COPY, ONE YEAR
FIVE COPIES "
ONE COPY THREE MONTHS ----- 50
ONE COPY SIX MONTHS ----- 75
TEN COPIES, (with extra copy to getter-up of club,) 12.50
A SPECIMEN NUMBER of our paper sent free on request.
TERMS FOR ADVERTISING furnished upon application.
-S3-TO SUBSCRIBERS. When changing your
ADDRESS PLEASE GIVE FORMER AS VELL AS PRESENT
ADDRESS, WITH COUNTY AND STATE.
JSSrTAKE NOTICE In sending money for sub
scriptions BY MAIL, NEVER INCLOSE THE CURRENCY
EXCEPT IN A REGISTERED LETTER. A POSTAL MONEY
ORDER OR A DRAFT ON NEW YORK IS THE BEST FORM
OF REMITTANCE. LOSSES BY MAIL WILL BE MOST
SURELY AVOIDED IF THESE DIRECTIONS ARE FOL
LOWED. js2t-no responsibility is assumed for subscrip
tions paid to agents. which must be at the risk
of the subscriber.
-Communications, subscriptions, and letters
upon all business matters relating to the
NATIONAL TRIBUNE, must be addressed TO
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE,
Washington, D. C.
The validity of the public debt of the United States,
authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of
pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrec
tion or rebellion, shall not be questioned." Sec. 4, Art.
XIV, Constitution of the United States.
Xxitercd at the Wasluajton City Pest-0Se as icoond-clis matter.
WASHINGTON, D. C, OCTOBER 1, 1SS1.
The Commissioner of Pensions is using every
endeavor to expedite business in his office.
Claims are being disposed of as speedily as pos
sible. "We say this in reply to a large number of
inquiries which do not permit of a separate an
swer in each case.
The experience of the United States during the
last eighty days or so. has taught the crowned
heads of Europe a lesson they will not soon forget.
In the brief period mentioned the American peo
ple and the Government have been put to a strain
well calculated to test the strength of our regard
for law and order.
The President was murdered in cold blood, but
there was no cruelty practiced toward his slayer,
nor was there any manifestation of mob violence.
The head of the State fell in the harness, but his
constitutional successor assumed the rjlace made
vacant without disturbance or controversy, and
the Government yet lives. "Where could a similar
condition of affairs have existed, and a similar re
sult have been had. without the intervention of
the strong military arm ?
In view of the approaching extra Executive
""Session of the Senate, to be soon followed by the
regular meeting of Congress, Ave again urge upon
those avIio desire to keep fully posted upon public
affairs to lose no time in forwarding their sub
scriptions to The National Tribune. As soon
as Congress opens our columns Avill contain full
reports of all matters of legislation affecting the
interests of ex-soldiers and sailors, as well as
those of pensioners and others haAing business
with or claims against the United States. We
-shall also give, in each issue, a synopsis of the
general legislation and proceedings during the
Aveek, in addition to other interesting matter.
But twenty days remain in which subscribers
to the Monthly National Tribune may re
neAV their subscriptions to the Aveekly edition for
one year by sending one dollar in payment.
Those who desire to continue our paper should
forward the amount specified at once, or, if they
cannot spare the full sum, renew their subscrip
tions for three or six months by sending half or
three-fourths of the sum specified in our terms at
the top of this column.
Last Aveek, for want of space, owing to the
death of our late President and our desire to give
full details of the sad event, Ave Avere compelled
to omit some Keunion notes and other items, and
which, although not hoav the freshest news, are
still of sufficient interest to warrant publication ;
they therefore appear in this issue.
Quite a controversy has sprung up in reference
to the place where Guiteau Avill be tried. We
make the prediction that he will be indicted,
tried, convicted, sentenced, and hung in the Dis
trict of Columbia, where his infamous crime was
committed : and further, that all the proceedings
in his case Avill be strictly in accordance with laAV.
In our next issue we shall commence the pub
lication of an interesting and exciting sketch, to
be continued through four or five numbers of our
paper. Now is the time to subscribe for The
National Tkiijune, in order to have the story
If the Government offices are to be considered
as charitable institutions, but one of a family
should be appointed to place, so that the charity
may be made to extend as far as possible.
When an ex-soldier or sailor dies, his widow
or child, if he leave one, should be considered in
the line of appointment, if a clerkship be desired.
Jpf Matfowd wwime.
Appointments to Office.
Section 1754, Revised Statutes of the United
States, provides as follows : " Persons honorably
discharged from the military or naval service by
reason of disability resulting from wounds or
sickness incurred in the line of duty, shall be
preferred for appointment to civil office, provided
they are found to possess the business capacity
necessary for the proper discharge of the duties
of said offices."
With such a plain provision of law before
them, it would seem that the heads of the various
Departments ought to have no difficulty in under
standing their duty in the premises, and that,
having such knowledge, they would gladly carry
out the requirements of the statute. It is noto
rious, however, that the section quoted is a dead
letter, so far as its practical effects are concerned,
in a large majority of instances in which ap
pointments are sought by those whom it was
intended to benefit. We venture the assertion,
and without fear of successful contradiction,
that the appointment offices in the Executive
Departments in this city are. so to speak, flooded
with applications from honorably discharged and
disabled soldiers, since the filing of which hun
dreds, if not thousands, of appointments have
been made from among applicants who were
never in the army and who never rendered any
previous service to the Government: and we
further assert, that in a majority of these cases
the question of capability or fitness for the posi
tion was never considered as an important factor
in making the appointment. Political influence
or personal interests in too many instances were
stronger than the law or the obligation of the
appointing power to enforce it.
It is a sad commentaiy upon our vaunted regard
for the soldier that such a state of affairs should
exist: and in the interest of our comrades (of
whose sufferings we have some knowledge from
our own experience) we propose to do whatever we
can to see that a change for the better is effected.
We believe that it is the duty of the Govern
ment to show a preference to those who in serv
ing it became disabled in any manner while in
the line of duty, and on that account received an
honorable discharge from the army or navy.
And the Government has recognised its moral
obligation to do this by the passage of the statute,
section 1754. already referred to ; but the diffi
culty lies in its enforcement. As already stated,
it has become virtually obsolete. An ex-Union
soldier, with but one leg or arm. applies for a
clerkship. He is educated, intelligent, honest:
1 in fact, possesses the ability and all the require
ments to make an efficient servant of the people.
He, however, has no "influence." There is no
Senator or member of Cong ess or other person
high in authority whom he carj find to advocate
his cause. He is told there is no vacancy. On
the same day, perhaps, a youth, the son or
nephew or protege of some great man, it may
be, files his application. His patron, whether j time prisoners during the Avar of the rebellion,
Senator or member or great man, sees the Secre- and various other matters will also receive atten
tary or chief of the Department, introduces the I tion. At least it is the present impression that
applicant, and lets it be understood that he must
have a place and he gets it.
Or the contestant for place may be one of those '
who, during the Avar, fought against his unfortu-
nate competitor who wore the Blue. The number j
of such hoav in Government employ, and uy- j
pointed, too, upon the recommendation of or by
those Avho claim to entertain the highest possible
regard for those Avho helped save the Union, and
to be in full sympathy Avith them, is almost be
We have no ill Avill against those who fought
against us, especially if they haA'e been thor
oughly reconstructed in their AieAVS touching the
late unpleasantness: but, to quote an old saying,
'Charity should begin at home;" and there is
no reason why they should be preferred over their
old antagonists, unless it be found in the fact that
they are dependent upon the Government for a
means of livelihood. And even this reason is not
a good one. It is the first duty of the Govern
ment, as it is of an individual, to look out for its
friends, those Avho Avere such in its time of need,
and especially is this true Avhere the law so plainly
declares it to be so.
As regards the political aspect of the case, Ave
believe that no distinction should be made as be
tween the tAVO great parties Avhen section 1754 is
being considered The Government did not stop
a man, avIio Avished to volunteer during the Avar,
to learn his politics, nor should it uoav inquire
into that matter if the applicant for office is
clearly within the statute. It is natural, how
ever, and in accordance Avith precedent, for the
Avinning party in a campaign to provide for its
friends those avIio assisted in AvinningtheAictory.
If thisproAision for friends ismadein conformity
to the statute, by the appointment of disabled ex
soldiers and sailors, no one has the right to com
plain, for there are not offices enough for all avIio
Avere made cripples by the Avar, nor are all such
competent to fill them, even if the offices existed.
But Ave have a right to and do complain when
Ave see, under a Republican administration, ex
rebels and those Avho Avere never in either army
appointed to clerkships to the exclusion of our
comrades, Avho deserve the first and highest con
sideration, morally and by virtue of laAV ; and Ave
should do the same under a Democratic adminis
tration Avere the same state of facts to exist.
We do not Avish to be construed as advocating
a change of clerks in all the Government offices
at every change of administration. Upon the
policy or propriety of such a movement we ex
press no opinion.
But we do say that, whenever such changes are
made, the new appointees should be selected, so
far as the candidates for place possess the qualifica
tions, from among those who have been disabled
in their country's service. Whether Republicans
or Democrats, let the crippled ex-soldiers and
sailors of the Union be preferred over all others
in the matter of ciAil appointments.
A "Word to Claimants.
The repeal of rulings 1G4 and 292 of the late
Mr. Bentley, made while he was Commissioner
of Pensions, will not go into effect until the pro
mulgation of the new regulations now being
printed. Claim agents who are advertising that
claimants are now at liberty to change their at
torneys at will are therefore in error, and will
doubtless find themselves so after the new rules
go into operation.
Such agents are certainly not only ill advised
but ill advisers as well, and have not the inter
ests of claimants at heart, else they would not
thus seek to mislead them. As we understand
the case the Commissioner of Pensions proposes
to see to it that attorneys faithfully discharge
their duties to their clients : and that claimants
do the same by those whom they have employed
to transact their business for them. Good faith
between attorney and client is one element of
success ; and Ave therefore advise our soldier and
other friends having business with the Pension
Office to disregard whatever statements they may
see in advertisements or the public prints rela
tive to the effect of changes in that Department,
remembering that, at the proper time, The Na
tional Tribune will furnish full and correct
Meeting of the Senate.
The Senate Avill meet in Executive Session on
the 10th instant, pursuant to President Arthurs j
recent proclamation convening it. There is much j
speculation as to the manner in Avhich its organi- j
zatiou Avill be perfected, there being neither a
presiding officer nor a secretary. Some people
even go so far as to anticipate another dead-lock,
We, however, are inclined to be hopeful, and
trust that the same patriotic and laAV-abiding
spirit Avhich has carried the Nation thus far
safely through one of the severest trials it has
ever exrjerienceJ, Avill secure harmony of action
in the higher branch of the National Legislature.
This is no time for dissensions or bickerings.
From present indications there will be con
siderable legislation next Avinter affecting the
interests of pensioners and claimants, especially
A bill providing for the equalization of boun
ties is pretty sure 0 be introduced early in the
A bill to pension soldiers of the Mexican Avar,
one to pension those avIio were for any length of
such measures Avill be introduced.
To Old Subscribers.
After the 20th of the present month The
National Tribune Avill be mailed only to those
avIio haA'e subscribed since August 20, and to
those Avhose subscriptions for the monthly had
not then expired and Avho have subsequently
sent in reneAvals in accordance with the terms
printed at the head of this column. If you wish
your paper continued send on the additional
amount of one dollar at once : or, if you cannot
coiiA-eniently spare that sum, you can reneAv for
three or six months by forwarding fifty or
seventy-five cents, as the case may be.
In the list of National Cemeteries published
last Aveek, Mexico City, through a typographical
error was located in Missouri. It should have
been in the Republic of Mexico.
In AieAV of the language of section 1754, it is a
question whether a Senator or member of Con
gress does not violate the laAV every time he se
cures the appointment, for personal or political
reasons, of an individual not comprised Avithin
the class Avhich the statute Avas intended to bene
fit. In our opinion he can only excuse himself
by shoAving that there are no disabled ex-soldiers
or sailors avIio are competent applicants for posi
tion from his State or district.
A Senatok or member of Congress Avho Avill
recommend to a subordinate office any other
than a disabled ex-Union soldier or sailor is un
worthy of the trust imposed in him by the people
Avho placed him in poAver.
The head of a Department who Avill appoint to
office an ex-rebel, or eA-en one avIio never saAv ser
vice in either army, in preference to a disabled
ex-Union soldier, is unworthy of the place he
The ex-soldiers and sailors of the Union should
see to it that the men they send to Congress are
in full sympathy Avith them upon all subjects
touching their interests and rights.
Mr. Alf. G. 1 rnnter has kindly favored us Avith
an imitation to attend the Reunion of the Eighty
second Indiana Volunteers at Vernon, on the Gth
AVe regret our inability to be present, and hope
that Ave shall receive a report of the proceedings
As yet the President has given no intimation,
further than that contained in his brief message
delivered upon the occasion of his being formally
inducted into offiee, as to what his future course
will be. It is generally supposed, and with good
reason, that he will carry out the principles of
the party upon whose ticket he was elected. Of
course no reasonable being can expect that he
will endeavor to act as the personal representa
tive of his immediate predecessor. He must be
his own judge of the policy to be pursued by him,
and cannot accept from others any dictation in
the premises. He must choose his own advisers.
and, having done this, be held responsible for
the manner in Avhich he administers the trusts
of his high oflice as Mr. Garfield would have been,
had he lived. It is generally conceded that there
will be a new Cabinet selected, at least in part,
and this at no very distant day. The public may
rest assured, however, that whoever may be
chosen in place of the present incumbents, there
will be no lack of patriotism, statesmanship, or
of fidelity to the Constitution and the laws on
the pari of the new advisers of the Chief Magis
trate. All Ave can say further at this time is
that avc sincerely hope a patriotic peoj)le Avill do
all in their power to make the present adminis-
tration a successful one, and one calculated to
Avin faA'orable consideration at home and respect
The National Republican of this city, has of late
been Avorking ivp a matter of great interest to
soldiers, and Avill soon publish a list of ex-rebels,
&c, appointed to office, to the exclusion of those
avIio fought and suffered for the Union. The
Republican is doing a good Avork in the Avay of
securing, if possible, the enforcement of Section
1754, of the Statutes, relative to appointments in
the Civil Service.
Truth Versus the Induction Balance.
There is a storm brewing in the medical
j faculty, and the physicians Avho burroAved like
' moles in a pus cavity something like a foot and
a half deep in search of a bullet that laA- in
I an almost exactly opposite direction are in
danger of being SAvamped. Dr. Boynton, a man
Avhose word can be depended upon, and Avho is,
moreover, possessed of sound medical and sur-
gical knowledge, proposes to tell the truth rela-
1 tive to the treatment of the late President during
his brave fight Avith death. Surgeon-General
Wales, of the Navy, another eminent authority,
Avill also give his views of the case, and neither
of the gentlemen Avill doctor the statements
made by them respectively, but relate facts only.
We approve of their determination. The public
have a right to knoAv all the facts as they really
exist; but to judge from past experience these
cannot be obtained from any one of the late
President's attending physicians. The subject is
in some respects a distasteful one, yet the people
ought to knoAv the truth, Avhich Ave hope Avill
soon be made apparent.
It avas not the patient, but, as hoav appears,
the surgeon, avIio was suffering from pyamiia.
Dr. Bliss is reported as having a pus abscess on
his cheek. There must be some mistake, Iioav
ever, as to the alleged location his parotid must
lie loAver doAvn perhaps in the right iliac fossa.
The induction balance should be brought into
requisition without delay.
If Dr. Bliss really has a pus abscess on his
cheek, he had better hold an autopsy on himself
at once, for he's a goner. He can neA'er surAiA'e
the destruction of that portion of his person.
An induction balance is indispensable to the
happiness of every well-regulated family.
DemorcaVs JfontJily Magazine, for October, conies
to us, as usual, ladened Avith good things. Hlus-
trations, reading matter, patterns, &c, are all up
to its usual Avell-knoAvn standard of excellence.
The first article, "Story of the Angel Queen," is
exceedingly interesting; so are the sketches 'One I
Day," "Just in time," and "A Ramble in North
Italy." " Kith and Kin," is continued. "Over
and Over," a poem, is deserving of notice, and the
miscellaneous selections are all worthy of a j
reading. In fact, Demorests for October is a good j
number all through.
We imite attention to the advertisement upon
our eighth page of Ireland's Chart of the Re
bellion, Avhich, from the sample copy sent us, we
judge to be just Avhat every ex-soldier and sailor
ought to haA'e.
A moral Ivaleitlescope.
Take some common beads and broken pieces
of glass of different shapes and colors, examine
them Avith the naked eye, and they remain the
same nothing but beads and broken bits of
glass. m Place the same fragments in a kaleidescope
and look ; that which was before deemed Avorth
less is resolved into a myriad of beautiful forms,
attractiA'e to the sight and pleasing to the sense.
Each turn of the instrument discloses some neAv
design to Avonder at some neAv combination of
colors to admire.
So if Ave look upon our felloAv-men Avith our
natural Aision only Ave Avill perceive little, if
anything, in many of them to attract or please;
they are but men, jostling against each other in
the eager pursuit of pleasure, wealth, or fame.
But let them be enveloped in that spirit of
charity and love Ave should exercise toward and
feel for each other, and look! The humblest
factor of the human brotherhood becomes en
nobled, and in each and every one Ave can dis
cern traits of character to admire, good qualities
to commend, and besides, find that no heart is so
barren but that it contains something which
draws us, through sympathy or love, or both,
nearer to it and God.
Make the ISest of it.
We live in a cold, hard world, and our path
way through life is, at the best, rough and diffi
cult to travel. Sunshine and storms intermingle,
it is true, but, to the most of us, the skies are'
oftcner over-cast than clear. It is more frequently
night than day to our hearts. Stars may twinkle
now and then, as they do, to encourage us with
their feeble light the light of hope but thev
can never supply the bright rays from the upper
world which gladden our souls in the davs of
prosperity and good fortune. But even in the
midst of adversity we can make our own path
and the paths of others seem brighter than thev
really are, if we will but dispense about us as we
go, the warmth of a cheerful, kindly spirit, and
I speak the soft and sympathizing word wl
opportunity offers. We may lighten our own
burdens by endeavoring to bear a portion, at
least, of those resting upon other hearts.
It may require some effort to attempt to do this,
but giico the effort is made and all further diffi
culty is removed. Let men and women, then, as
they journey, make the best possible use of life.
Let them smooth the way, so far as possible, for
others as Avell as themselves, and above all things,
let them be careful not to leave the road, which
is rugged at the best, rougher than they find it.
The Cameo Cutter.
The cameo cutter takes the rough stone with
1 its symmetric layers, and, by a skillful use of his
gravers tools brings out into full relief the figures
he has designed. So God takes the human heart
! and by light and heavy cuttings the lesser vexa
j tions and sorrows and the heavier burdens and
griefs of life deA-elopes a gem, a perfected image
The cameo cutter, somtimes, in the course oi
his labors, detects a flaw in the stone, and which
detracts from its value in case he be unable to
work it out by careful handling. So the Avork
manship of God brings out not only the beauties,
but the disfigurements of the heart: but. unlike
the lapidary, God eliminates all imperfections.
His Avorks are all complete.
Again, the lapidary may ruin the gem by care
less cuttings; but God never spoils a human heart.
If it eventually proA-es Avorthless, the fault exists
Avithin itself, and not on the part of Him who only
seeks to reveal the beauties which, until He take?
it in hand, often lie hidden from AieA
A Magic Mirror.
It is said that a mirror once existed into Avhich.
if a person looked, he Avould behold the reflection
of his past and present self, and then, directly he-
! hind, as if lookinsr OArer his shoulder, flip. rre-
j sentation of what he would become in future Years
Were there such a mirror in existence noAv, how
: many of us, had Ave opportunitw would care or
i - mi -
even dare to consult it Avith a full knowledge of
its magical properties: and hoAV many, even if
they looked, would endeavor to profit by what
they saAv there reA-ealed?
. LITERARY NOTES.
"The Yorktown Campaign" is the title of a
) !lmcIy book hy Mr- IL R Johnston, which the
Harpers are about to publish.
' The Glad Year Round,'7 by Miss A. a. Plymp
ton, a j uvenile book printed in colors, Avith original
poetry, Avill be published by James R. Osgood &.
Co., in October.
Messrs. Caswell & Co. are about to issue an
" Illustrated Universal History." which has been
in preparation for some years past. It Avill be
published in serial form.
St. Xicholas promises to publish soon a grand
thing for the boys and girls in the shape of "The
Hoosier Schoolboy." by Edward Eggleston, who
delighted adults with his "Hoosier School
master." Mr. Francis Parkman, the historian, who is
making rapid progress with his work on Mont
calm, has concluded a visit to England, where he
has been engaged in consulting the colonial doc
itments in the London Record Office.
By common consent, and for no other reason
that is known, communion serA-ice is held in the
majority of our churches but once a month. But
there are those avIio think it should be held more
frequently. A nice old lady in Essex county, upon
returning from church last Sunday, said to her
daughter: "I Avish they Avould have communion
oftener: I think the Avine does my stomach a great
deal of good." Boston Budget.
Monsieur Gambetta seems inclined to
Bismarck some spicy French tobacco to put in
his German pipe to smoke. Whenever the French
statesman gets a show of opportunity he reminds
the German Chancellor that "Sedan" remains
among other unsettled international accounts,
This he did again in one of his electioneering
speeches the other day, and Avas loudly cheered-
It is said that the private fortune of Queen
Victoria amounts to 80,000,000, and she pos
sesses an annual income of 3,250,000. Before
her birth her parents Avere so poor that they had
to borrow the money to pay their passage to
England, that the expected princess might be
born on English soil, and she remained in com
parative poverty until she ascended the throne.
A SELF-MADE MAN,
About ten years ago there was plowing upon the hill
sides in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, a poor, bare
footed boy. He was one of a large family and stood but
a small show for a share of this world's joys. He was
forced to leave the paternal roof and seek his own sup
port. He had the true American pluck, and strove man
fully to make his mark in the world. How well he has
succeeded Avill be understood Avhen we state that he has
become to-day one of the largest and most influential
manufacturers in the country. Alone he mapped out a
career which already shines conspicuously among the
many examples of the self-made men of our times. His
name is the Hon. Daniel F. Beatty, Mayor of Washington,
New Jersey, and it has become a household word through
out the length and breadth of this land. His unaided en
terprise has been prodigious his success phenomenal.
He manufactures and sells direct to the people from his
mammoth factory at "Washington, New Jersey, upwards
of one thousand cabinet organs every month. His estab
lishment exceeds in size any similar factory upon the
globe, and he is rapidly becoming one of the great bene
factors of the race, for he has abolished middlemen's and
all extortionate profits, and by reason of a vast trade he
produces instruments very economically and sells them
at a small margin above actual cost. Headers should
remember that Mr. Beatty is thoroughly responsible, and
guarentees everything as represented, ile has been three
times elected Mayor of his own citv. which is proof posi-
tive that he is honored and respected at his home.