Newspaper Page Text
V .- Vf"
"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTUE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
WASHINGTON, D. C, SATUEDAY, OCTOEEE S, 1881.
NEW SERIES. VOL-1., 2J-o. 3.
GEN. SHERMAN'S LETTER.
WHAT GENERAL ROSECRANS SAYS OF IT
His Version of What O'arfleM Iiil at CIiirKamaucsi.
Historic Lies And the Truth of Historj.
Let Us JIate AH the Facts.
General W. S. Rosecrans, member of Congress
elect from California, writes to the editor of the
San Francisco Chronicle, under date of September
"20, as follows: I think that my whole life attests
any reluctance to obtrude my personality upon
public attention, especially in times of general
anxiety or sorrow. In proof of this 1 need only
recall to vour memorv and that of vour readers
the autumn of 1863. when, after the glorious cam
paign of Chattanooga. I was relieved from the
command of the Army of the Cumberland. To
prepare the public mind to accept that unpopular
which was not to be had on that hotly-contested
field of battle. The withdrawal was accordingly
made on that evening to the vicinity of Ross
ville, and not. as General Sherman says, to Chat
tanooga. The next morning all our dispositions
for a defensive battle at Eossville were made,
and, as the lines around Chattanooga were all
arrauged during that day, we withdrew from the
Eossville position on the following night, and j
took firm possession of that objective point of i
the campaign Chattanooga.
This is the truth of history. There exists
abundance of documentary evidence, and there
are living witnesses to place these facts beyond
KEWS FROM OYER THE SEA. mircd 'T more' however as a statesman, than appat-rs m TTlTRAPPY PT?TTT
as a soldier. General Slocum referred to the x11 L iliiUJ L1' UIUIATLl JLJLmU.
FROM THE OLD WORLXTO THE NEW.
ISrifish Troops in Afghanistan J'lJarlNh Farmers Alii
ance Insurrection in TinuS?ir Jleurj Hau1-
loek's Son Turkej. fljfpt. v.. c.
presence of old Confederate soldiers. General
Simon Buckner, an ex-Confederate general, was
cordially welcomed. He said that the sor-
row in the South was quite as great as in the '
North. General "William Preston, of Kentucky,
another Confederate general, was received with '
great applause. Mr. Chauncey M. Depew said ,
ENDEAVORING TO ADJUST MATTERS.
The United States as a Mediator Illness of General
Kilpatrick Public Feeling in Chili Seek
ing a Conference nitli the Poer.
a ,i;.j.i. r. t i.i i. ii.. li ... ir-.
A uiaiuii iiu.,i iviutuwiuigiuieb uiai iiajor- the Prisident s death had done more for the quiet : Letters from Lima dated i
t,.wii. xinj mumj.-jauui, sun 01 uic . 01 the world than all the peace congresses that ! Uiat the representatives of Engl:
; Jimian nero, Mr Henry Jiev -jjc, and tor many were ever convened. Among those on the plat- have been conferring with the
I years M. P. for Smidnrlimd is rp.nnrtprl n lw 1 .- ,.... ni i o r - , , . . ! ir:..;..i , ,, ,
" a -" v" " 1 iuiiii uic vvuiunei d. Ai. iMiiers. a ainr nvhp -umisier as 10 tne host tiipans m
; -j-- - ..., - .
TRAIN ROBBERS CAPTURED,
Information has been received to the effect that
all three of the robbers who captured and robbed
the train on the Iron Mountain Eoad on Thurs
day night, the 22d of September, were captured
measure through oriicial undercurrents the Asso- . on Wednesday, the 23th, one near Sulphur Bluff,
ciated Press dispatches were fed with a succession Hopkins county, Texas, and two in the Indian
of unmitigated calumnies against me, scattered ' Territory. The pursuit was vigorously followed
broadcast over the land. AVhiJe I knew these up by Cantain Clark Hall, a conductor on the
THE LOYAL LEGION,
would excite only scorn and contempt among
those with whom I served and lived. I saw and
keenly felt that these calumnies were
UXDKRMIXIXG 3IY GOODXAMJC
among my fellow-countrvmen of the Eastern
Iron Mountain Road, who followed the robbers
with a pose to the village of Ben Lomond, in
Sevier county, Arkansas. There the robbers
separated, one of them going into Texas and the
other two into the Indian Territory. The pur-
States. Yet, because the Nation was in a strug- ' suing party also divided forces. Captain Hall fol
gle for life, I sternly forbore to excite ill feeling lowing the Texas bound robber. He came up
against the Government by a public and adequate ! with him early "Wednesday morning, while the
demonstration of the wrong and outrage I was robber was taking his breakfast. Hall leveled a
enduring from these calumnies. And now, in the 1 double-barrelled shot-gun at the robber, who
mentally deranged from the effects of a sunstroke
j received during the Indian mutiny in 1857.
. In Afghanistan the British jroops will be with- , Cochrane. The services closed with a benediction
I drawn from the northern outposts, and the gar- j by the Rev. Mr. Mickle.
i rison at Quetta reduced. It lias been discovered ,
that a vast system of bribery and corruption ex
isted in the transport and commissariat depart-
ments in the last campaigi Carried on by the
, British. Several native bankers in India have
been arrested for complicity in the frauds.
j Harvesting in Scotland and in the north of
England- is still going on. The wheat threshed
I in the south is discolored antlUght, and brings
i very poor prices. jj -
In Turkey, the Sultan, witJionfrconsultinEr his
j Ministers, has sent agents togypt to t
in the pending negotiations between the
sentatives of the powers antique Khedive
September 14 state
.uid and France
General Barnum, Colonel McEntee, General M. ! Jl peace between Peru and Chili on terms iust to
1. JicManoii, Jul ward Boune, General John I oth btates and of a sort to guarantee in the
future the rights ot neutrals. The extreme irri
tation against Chili which has been excited, in
England particularly, by the course of the Chilian
representatives at London and Paris, and of the
Chilian government in regard to the Peruvian
At a special meeting of the council of the Xew j bondholders, has begun to make itself felt in
York Commandery of the military order. Loyal I the dispatches sent to the English sine! Pronoii
j. -- r ,. ,.,. .wi
Legion of the United States, held September 24,
at the office of the Recorder, General Charles A.
Carleton, of 202 Broadway, the following was
"JResolved, That the Council representing the
Commandery desire to replace this order upon
Legations on the west coast. The United States
Minister at Lima, as a neutral friend of both the
I South American republics, is exerting his iu-
fluence to bring about a settlement between
1 them as reasonable and of as good augury for
1 the future as that recently secured of the
midst of a great national sorrow, comes before
the public from my former friend General Sher
man, in his letter to George C. Gorham in our
San Francisco press of this date, another crop of
-the perennial outgrowth of historic lies about the
battle of Chickamauga. And I ask myself, shall
I yield to my own feelings of profound sorrow
for the cause of the Nation's grief and allow this
reiteration to pas'? unchallenged, or shall I respect
the truth of history and send to the press a cor
rection while yet the errors are fresh before the
public? Considering my own age and what is
due to my family, and
. rJT2vFX6Tr,mwtEX1CiWHl?R5iAX' "
has all the official records within reach, which
should have prevented him from making the
statements contained in the letter above referred
to, I have reluctantly concluded that it is a duty
surrendered, saying : " If you had given me a
minute's notice. I would have given you a lively
deal." The remaining two robbers were cap
tured in the Indian Territory without any
trouble. All three were brought to Hone. Texas.
W . i 1
jail. They were fully identified.
U. S. S, ALLIANCE AT ICELAND,
A letter to the New York Herald, dated U. S. S.
Alliance, Hammerfest. Norway. July 27. 1SS1,
gives an interesting account of the experiences
of our sailors while at Iceland : "As the Alliance
was the first American man-of-war that ever
entered 'Reykjavik harbor great interest was
taken in all things concerning her, but it must 1 vantage of the land act.
be said that in nothing was the interest greater
than in the coal-colored American citizens among
thought that this interference will tend to em
barrass the action of the foreign agents.
In England the Farmers' fiance has drafted
aland bill which aims at establishing complete
security for the tenant, the stile of the tenant
right including the improvements, the landlord
to accept the purchaser as a tenant for at least
seven years, and the creation wf a land court for
fixing rents an! adjusting differences. The Pall
Mall Gazette thinks the time when Parliament
must vote urgency for an English land bill is
not far off. r
ake part ! rccord m view of Tne untimely death of the late boundary question between Chili and the Ar
le repre- ' President of the United States, General James A. gentine Republic by the friendly intervention of
Ctnr'fii'lA . lio A TnoTimn ATI hipai. .1- C?r i-Z,- ..,1 T
'"AVhile his military career during the war ere- I Ayres. The Secretary of State, as he calls hini
ates a common bond of sympathy dear to all j se) of the ex-Dictator Pierola, has been vainly
soldiers, still it is not alone as a soldier that Ave ' engaged in attempting to open negotiations with
cherish his memory, but mindful of his eminent ! tne foreign ministers in Lima. He has been
services as a statesman, his devotion to the pros- I plainly assured that the cruel and bloody decrees
perity and good of his country, his manly and , issued of late by the ex-Dictator Pierola wonld
gentle qualities and his fidelity to right, we accord l of themselves have made an end of his preten
to him the highest type of American manhood, ! sions in the eyes of all civilized powers. Presi
and with a great Nation reverently bow to the dent Garcia Calderon is in close communication
decree of an all-wise Providence. with the military chiefs in northern and central
"As a manifestation of regard for his memory. Peru who manifest a growing disposition to co
the colors of this Commandery will be draped for operate with him in restoring order and peace
the period of six months. to their distracted country. Advices from Yal-
UA copy of this record, signed by the Com- paraiso state that the American Minister in San
mander and Recorder, -will hp forivjiWIprl in Tn'c tiairo. General Kiluarripk. 1ms hppn sprinnlv ill
i-adesunions-'c notable feat- j family, to whom the Commandery respectfully but is gradually recovering. Public feeling in
.srric..i. t".T.?aNRnbKnr.S 0ffei, i u, sincere e.fi5natn. . Chili is growing more moderate, as im- nerib...
" The Council : involved in the extravagant policy of annexa-
'Henry "Y. Slocum, Major-General United f tion and military occupation originally clamored
In Ireland, Mr. Pamell's reception at Cork on !
Sunday was a very successful Affair, the display '
made by the grades unions
uri. Jn some !
against the League with the view of takins ad- !
the crew. Several of these went galloping ,
to state through your columns the following facts : through the town on snuff-colored ponies, and
"vThen Davis's two brigades, next to Sheridan's di- i the 3Tuth of thc ancieut capital experienced the j
vision on the right, were broken, and that divis- ' same sort 0I aenSnt young Americans do when
ion thereby temnorarilv senarated from tbi TP.f .' the big red circus van enters town. In future it
of the armv. General Garfield, my chief of staff, wiu 1)C a dangerous thing for negro seamen" from j
Aii imperial commission has left Constantinople
for Egypt to investigate the military disorders
and the conduct of the Khedive.
The Czar has Avarned the members of his suite
to be prepared to accompany him at a moment's
! notice to the Austrian frontier, where he expects
to meet the Emperor Francis Joseph.
vStates volunteers, Commander; Henry Erben,
Captain United States Navy, Senior Vice-Commander
: John J. Milhau, Brevet Brigadier-General
late United States Army, Junior Vice-Commander
; Charles A. Carleton, Brevet Brigadier
General United States Volunteers. Recorder:
American men-of-war to go ashore in Iceland for
! reasons that will be obvious when I narrate a
j little circumstance. One of the negro sailors
went ashore and fell a victim to the seduction of
Danish whiskey. For two days he was lost, and
so the master-at-arms went ashore and advertised
a reward of 10 for the lost man. The town
turned out to find him and he was found. Sub
sequent to this every time a negro seaman ap
peared on shore he was hunted as a lost man or
and Major Frank S. Bond, senior aide, accom
panied me toward the rear of our centre. "When
we reached a point near the forks of the Dry Val
ley road, on which our right rested, and the Ross
ville road, leading up to our left. I addressed
General Garfield as follows :
"By the sound of battle we yet hold the field,
but we do not know with what force the enemv
may come down the Dry Valley road through the
gap just opened. General Post's brigade is over
the ridge to our west, in the valley of Chattanoo
ga Creek, with all our commissary stores, and
Mitchell, with the cavalry, is south of him.
Sheridan, cut off from us, is on the ridge coming
down this way. Orders must go to Post to move
with the utmost dispatch with his commissary j ailtuil,njJi
tram aown unattanooga Ureek across into Chat
tanooga. Mitchell must be ordered to cover the
movement with his cavalry, extending his left
across the ridge this way to connect in this valley
WITH SIIKUmAX's COMMAXD
and the remnants of Davis's division, which will
concentrate en this road and cover it, keeping
the enemy from penetrating to our rear, unless I
too heavily pushed. General Spear must be
ordered to guard the bridge across Chattanooga
Creek at the rolling-mill, and be ready to move
to the front, if required, as soon as our commis
sary train has passed over it. Wagner, with his
brigade, now in Chattanooga, must be ordered to
pask our spare artillery train defensively in the
best position and be ready to defend it in any
emergency. Do you think you can give these
orders ? "
General Garfield replied: "General Rosecrans
they are too many and too important for me to
feel sure of doing so."
I said: "They are indLvpensable precautions
in the present condition of things, and one of us
must give them while the other must go to
General Thomas and ascertain how the battle
He replied: '"I can go to General Thomas and
report the situation to you much better than I
can give these orders."
I said: "Well, go and tell General Thomas my
precautions to hold the Dry Valley road and
.secure our commissary stores and artillery and
to report the situation to me, and to use his dis
cretion as to continuing the fight on the ground
we occupy at the close of the afternoon, or retir
ing to a position in the rear near 7?ossvil1i.
-fa rHan 41. . -. i
, . . . . J T or(ers gallantly and well, and during the corresponding week last year
"by the time I had made the disnorifin,. nW "
alluded to and readied the telegraph office I got
a dispatch from General Garfield over the line
from Rossville announcing that, having held the
field till the close of the day in pursuance of my
directions to use his diction. General Thomas
had decided to withdraw to the Rossville posi-
im, wuere me men couia tq drinkin
for are beginning to be better understood. Since
Senor Godoy, the first agent sent by Chili to ne
gotiate a peace, left Lima for Santiago, instruc
tions have reached Admiral Lynch, the Chilian
commander in Peru, to seek a conference with
the Ministers of the United States, France and
England with a view to ascertain the views of
these powers, and especially of the United States,
in regard to the final settlement of the questions
as an escaped curiosity from a museum."
THE CROPS IN GREAT BRITAIN,
The dlarl; Lane Express in its review of the
British grain trade for the past week, says:
Since Monday the weather has been fine and
Much progress has been made with
late crops, but the condition in which the grain
is being stacked is very indifferent. In the later
districts of Scotland and in the northern and
some of the midland counties of England there
are still some green crops, and it is not probable
j that these can mature. As threshing progresses
the damage becomes more apparent. The offer-
i wheats are increasing. Some sam
ples here and there are in good condition, but the
bulk is much sprouted and discolored and fetches
disappointing prices. All native produce is more
or less out of condition and difficult to sell. The
supply in London has increased. Sound, dry par
cels close a shilling'better throughout the country.
Inferior is becoming unsalable. Of foreign about
half of the week's supply was American. The
spot trade has improved in tone. White wheats i
Loyal Farragut, Second Lieutenant late United
The insurgents in Tunis have torn up the track ! States Army. Registrar ; George De Forest Bar
of the French rail way, burned the station at Wad- ' ton, Paymaster late United States Navy, Treas
zeergahand massacred twelve employes, includ- i lirer; Ivan lailoVlajor United States Volun- j at issue between the victorious and vanquished
ing several British subjects, some of whom they : teers' Chancellor; John Forsyth, D. D., L. L. D., i republic.
burnt alive. Later intelligence than the above ! ChaPlain United States Army, Chaplain; Charles , -
states that the remains of the station-master, who ' S' 'ainright, Brevet Brigadier-General United - NEW RSEY AT YORKTOWN.
was among those murdered, were buried in the ! States Volunteers : John L. Broome, Lieutenant- The New Jersey battalion at the Y'orktown
presence of an enormous crowd. The number of Colonel United States M. C: John J. McCook, j celebration will consist of six hundred men. The
victims is reported to have been larger than at I Brevet Lieutenant -Colonel United States Vol- I battalion will assemble at Camden on October 15,
first stated. The railway was much dmnvrpil I unteers5 unarles 1. Lonng, Chief Engineer aim proceed uy way ot the Pennsylvania Railroad
" O ' ! TT..:i..l Oi.-J. -VT -At 1 -rr - . I i T..Tii t i . . -
a transport steamer, with room
men. will carry them to York-
u-3L uiit;u. xne railway was mucn aaniareil, i 7 ..0, l .--iSi,,i. ( - ---j
and a large quantity of rolling stock destroyed, j United States 3favy ; Charles H. Alden, Brevet i to Baltimore. A ti
rV,n . , ,, , ' Lieutenant-Colonel, Surgeon United States Army, ! tor one thousand nu
The correspondent of the Liverpool Mail says Councih i town? where thej w
that a project is mooted among the Americans in
London to build a church in memory of the late
President Garfield. The municipality- of Berlin
has arranged for a special service in memory of
The prefect of Limoges, in the department of
Haute Vienne, France, recently gave a banquet
to the foreign officers attending the autumn man
oeuvres of the Twelfth army corps. Major
General Schofieid, of the American army, reply
ing to a toast "To the Heads of the States and
Nations Represented," thanked the French for
their cordial reception, and dwelt upon the share
which France had taken in the .enfranchisement
of America, and the excellent relations of the two
"By order of Major-General Henry W. Slocum,
United States Volunteers, Commander.
" Ciias. A. Caeletox, Brevet Brigadier-General
United States Volunteers, Recorder,
No. 202 Broadway."
ill arrive on the morning of
Sunday, October 16. The battalion will start for
home on the following Friday night or Saturday
MEMORIAL SERVICES IN NEW YORK CITY.
Members of the Grand Army of the Republic,
in the city and vicinity, assembled in large num
bers to commemorate the day of the funeral of
i command more attention than red, being rather i the late President by a memorial service. Anion"
scarce on the spot, and improved Is. on Friday, , the Posts that participated were Koeltes, Wads
while red were only 6d. dearer. Millers, however, , worth, Kearney, Lincoln, Reno, Meade, Robert
buy within the smallest limits with increased j Anderson, Ellsworth, General Shields, Cameron,
caution. Of twenty-four off-coast arrivals, nine 'Dahlgreen, Joe Hooker, John A. Dix, Vanderbilt
were sold. American red winter was firm off- i Farragut, Oliver Tilden Post of New Hampshire
coast and improved Is. a Is. 6d. Cargoes on pas- j W. A. Kennedy, J. L. Riker, and the Garibaldi
STILL IN .THE LEAD.
This country leads the world in extent of tele
graph lines. The city of New York alone pos
sesses more miles of wire than the entire Republic
of France. The United States has more than
500,000 miles in constant use. while Germany has
150,000 miles: Russia. 130,000 : France, 115,000:
England, 114,000 ; Denmark, 01,000 : British In
dia, 50,000 ; Spain, 25,000 : Canada, 20,000 ; Bel
gium, 15,000 ; Australia, 15,000 : New Zealand,
10,000: Egypt, 9,000; Mexico, 8,500; and Persia, i
6,000. I he total mileage of submarine telegraph
in operation in the world is 101,000 nautical
Mr. W. N. Jackson yesterday purchased at an
auction sale a small sole-leather trunk, his bid
being fifteen cents. On examining it he found
on the flap over the keyhole a heavy brass plate,
on which was handsomely engraved the words
"George Washington, Virginia." Inside the
trunk, among other things, he found a silver
coffin plate, with the following words handsomely
engraved thereon: " George Washington. Born
February 22d, 1732. Died December 14th, 1799."
Mr. Jackson will endeavor to trace the history of
the trunk, and will present it to the Mount Ver
non Association. There seems to be no doubt of
its historical genuineness.
LO! THE POOR INDIAN.
A Tucson, Ariz., dispatch says, the Star's special
from Wilcox, gives the following particulars of
the fight at Cedar Creek: "The Indians, number
ing seventy-five to one hundred, attacked Sa-
maniesos' tram about one mile east of Cpdnr
DISCOVERY OF AN ISLAND.
Captain Meyer, of the German schooner Phce
nix, at Callao, from San Jose de Guetemala, Sep
tember 12, reports having discovered a new island
in latitude 7 deg. 48 min. south, and longitude
83 deg. 48 min. west, about one hundred miles
west of Punta Agua, the nenrest land. It is said
.r-4 -ii -. , . .. i fn lip nf vnlnmiwi mi?t ol.il- fift.. v.- 1.:..l. -j-
sage were quiet and easier. The floating supply j Guard, Thirty-ninth regiment. There was a very aPrmSs oeTweeu eiS"t and nine o'clock m the i ;" ,. " , "0", i, iufa uu
decreased on the week. Flour is firm and is com- large visiting delegation. The Posts assembled mornillS, killing Bartolo Samaniegos and five e eletl0u' J 'mile onS and le
mir lorwarrt mnrp trppiv F?nrpi fin .. 1C ' ... iimv vnrinne lion,-!,.,,., . i..i .i reamsters. namaniejios ana tne men mnt p o "" --"j-j ai"im" -"fc
0 J' "- O" " "" " ' I " "" iimu.io uwtui uailWO til, U11U (J ClOCK. ailCL --'
dearer. Of barley there was a small offering; ! marched to Checkering Hall, which was not large
grinding sorts sell slowly and are Gd. cheaper, , enough to contain half of those who desired to
Foreign good sorts are in request at hardening
rates ; inferior sorts are in buyer's favor. Oats
old winters are very scarce and in much request;
Russians improved 3d. Maize improved Is. since
Monday. The sales of English wheat during the
week, were .2,2.1 quarters, at 47s. 9d. per quarter,
attend. Throughout the services a throng of the
Grand Army men waited patiently on the side
walk. Festoons of smilax and white flowers
decorated the stage. Mourning draperies were
arranged over the stage doors and organs. Seated
on the stage were the officers of the various Posts,
against 49,645 quarters, at 40s. Id. per quarter and the standard bearers with their colors draped
m mourning. A band of one hundred veteran '
singers sang the dirges. The funeral services of
the Grand Army of the Republic were recited by '
stubborn fight for their lives. The Indians at
tacked Sanford's command about three o'clock
the same afternoon about three miles from the
station. The fight lasted till dark, when the
Indians withdrew. A telegraph operator and
four soldiers, who were repairing a telegraph line,
were also killed by the Indians. Sanford's com
mand lost one sergeant killed and
fisher, United States steamer Alaska, and Chil
ean transport Chile, have gone to verify the new
addition to the geography of the world.
The Liverpool Courier's London correspondent
says the dealing in confederate bonds was caused
by a committee asking holders to register the
bonds, which step is supposed to bo preliminary
to some appeal to the legislatures in the South.
H. A. Barnum, Commander;
A WARNING TO COUPON CUTTERS.
Ten thousand dollars in Government bonds
were mysteriously stolen irom S. H. Lurton, a ! Senior Vice -Commander; Joseph Forbes, Vice
prominent merchant of Cincinnati, O., while cut- . Commander; and Adjutant McMahon read the
ting the coupons from them in thc office of the j record of the military services of General Garfield.
COINAGE FOR SEPTEMBER.
Coinage as follows was executed during Sep-
Constantine Nitsche, i tember, 1881: Eagles, pieces, 203,000; value,
$2,030,000. Half-eagles, 557.000; value, 2,735,
000; total gold pieces. 320,000: value. 5.415,000;
standard silver dollar pieces, 2.400.000; value $2,
Checks for the payment of the quarterly inter
est on the four per cent, bonds were mailed to
the holder of the bonds September 30. They ag
gregate 55,000 in number, and the amount of in
terest money represented by them was 7,387,039.
The Yorktown Centennial Commission has not,
Cincinnati Safe Deposit Company at noon to-dy. j General Slocum, in his address, spoke of General ' 400,000; cents, pieces, 3,230,000; value. $32,300; ; so far as we have been able to learn, made
j tramem as a soldier ot a gentle nature. Head- total coinage, pieces, b450,000; value, 7.347.300. ' arrangements for half-fare to Yorktown.
There is no trace of the thieves.