Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TKIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, OCTOBIH 8, 1881.
The National Tribune
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FORHIS
VIDOW AND ORPHANS." ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
ONE COPY, ONE YEAR
FIVE COPIES "
Terms to Subscribers, Payable in Advance:
ONE COPY THREE MONTHS ----- 50
ONE COPY SIX MONTHS ----- 75
TEN COPIES, (with extra copy to getter-up of club,) 12.5?
A SPECIMEN NUMBER of our paper sent free on request.
TERMS FOR ADVERTISING furnished upon application.
TO SUBSCRIBERS. When changing your
ADDRESS PLEASE GIVE FORMER AS WELL AS PRESENT
ADDRESS, WITH COUNTY AND STATE.
5TAKE NOTICE IN SENDING MONEY FOR SUB
SCRIPTIONS BY MAIL, NEVER INCLOSE THE CURRENCY
EXCEPT IN A REGISTERED LETTER. A POSTAL MONEY
ORDER OR A DRAFT ON NEW YORK IS THE BEST FORM
OF REMITTANCE. LOSSES BY MAIL WILL BE MOST
SURELY AVOIDED IF THESE DIRECTIONS ARE FOL
LOWED. j&sno responsibility is assumed for subscrip
tions paid to agents, which must be at the risk
of the subscriber.
Communications, subscriptions, and letters
upon all business matters relating to the
NATIONAL TRIBUNE, must be addressed to
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE,
Washington, D. C.
To be Read by Claimants.
In another column we publish a circular re
cently issued by the Commissioner of Pensions
which we commend to the attention of every
reader. We desire to say, however, that Ave have
been informed by Colonel Dudley that the writer
of the letter marked "confidential" was not a
claim agent, nor is he a person known to the De
partment as such. "We are also authorized to say
that his name was withheld for prudential rea
sons as he is to be prosecuted criminally for vio
lation of the pension laws.
"We desire, also, to call attention to another
matter; viz.: that relating to fees. Section 54S5,
of the statute quoted by the Commission
er of Pensions is not applicable to claims
filed prior June 19, 1878, and in which articles of
agreement providing for a fee not in excess of
twenty-five dollars were filed. Those agreements
are yet in force and Colonel Dudley assures us
that his circular had no reference whatever to
that class of cases. "We say this now in order
even after payment of the sum mentioned, no
good might result.
i Again, by taking a paper that is devoted to
i his interests a soldier or sailor would learn what
j is being done by Congress for his benefit, what
the Departments are doing, in fact get informa-
timony to convict, as they allege, they neverthe
less recklessly permit a state of affairs to arise
which renders conviction impossible. Have they
any reason for this? Is it to be presumed that
they have been mistaken all along as to the char
acter of their proofs, and now, for the first time,
the present, and can be trebled in size. They
propose to make this soldiers' home a monu
ment to the State's 'undying gratitude ' to
'soldiers so brave and citizens so beloved.'
"Subscriptions, gifts, bequests, are earnestly so
licited. A large fund is required for permanent
; tion not generally found in the ordinary papers j find them insnfficientj and therefore adopt this as o nhZ Jn T T l hme afc
I r. ,i i -..- , - ,, .. ,. . ' L VlUUt liettOfl llfwirlv n nnnrfnr rf o mill;, C
oi tne day. Jie coma tints Keep lniiy posted the best course to let themselves down easily? dollars. tal'lt "JT" "' IZT
on public affairs, and especially concerning those . Let the peorlc jlulgc. Wc cannot prctcnd to au ., g,, 1 r faif L tto soS
which are of most importance to him. c.ni. w;mn i,.. i.,-t, ;.. i, a i ' home novf. tw,i ,. , .
. w Amu,, jivci.-i, ujiicn in inu uui uuKitcia "iwi, uu niu largest scale ever
many a tangled skein will doubtless reveal the Seen. m this Commonwealth, and under the
truth of the matter. And when the facts are fully ! Stance01 f ,11most distinguished names. The
known, t.hon lot ihn w c ww ; vn,,nviv i !' ' .. . chartablc men and women is
"" "s "" v ivrv most respectlul v sni,v;,i . i x-.i,. ...
., """--" - UIU lOHOWLU
which are of most importance to him
There are other reasons why those who were
ex-soldiers should take The National Tri
bune, but it is believed that enough has been
said to show the advantages to be derived by
becoming a subscribe. A word to the wise is
Calunvba Prison and tlie "Sultana."
' "We request ex-soldiers who were at any time
in Cahawba Prison, Ala., or on board of the
Tlie Star Route Fizzle.
"We have hitherto refrained from making any steamer Sultana when her boilers exploded, and
reference to the star route business for the reason J who see this, to please send their names, compan
that the matter did not appear to us to be in a j ies, regiments, aud post-office address to The
! proper shape for comment. But now that the t National Tbiijune.
that claimants may not be misled by the onus-j .. ,,.,. . LIPPINCOTT'S MAGAZINE.
,. , , , , over the country during the last four or five r . . . ,, . . . L . , , ,.
sion of any reference to the matter by the Com- i . . ,. ,, ri . Lippmcott s magazine lor October is lully up
B, ,, w , : . , ! months 1,ave i-cceivedthe sanction of the Gov- to the SeT)tember nnmbep , ftVfiVV rpsllP(.t
eminent prosecutor and been brought to the no- Among the principal articles we find Grand
tice of tlie court, Ave feel at liberty to express our j Travers Bay, by Maurice Thompson, wherein the
$& ifjfafwml Qtibnn
sioner who went on the supposition that all in
terested parties understood the law and that
therefore it was unnecessary to give it in full.
Alexander H. Rice, Charles Devens, George
H. Patch, Samuel Dalton, William S. BroAvm,.
Cyrns C. Emery, John McKay, Jr., Charles V.
Wilcox, "William Gaston, George S. Evans Ed
ward T. Raymond, Andrew J. Bailey Joseph
F. Loverimr. J. G. B. Adams, v. n r n
-, v. ,, ,,4i i.
THE VALIDITy OF THE PUBLIC DEBT OF THE UNITED STATES,
AUTHORIZED BY LAW, INCLUDING DEBTS INCURRED FOR PA-YMENT OF
PENSIONS AND BOUNTIES FOR SERVICES IN SUPPRESSING INSURREC
TION OR REBELLION, SHALL NOT BE QUESTIONED." SEC. 4, ART.
XIV, Constitution of the Uniteo States.
ZntCTti tt the 'Wellington City Poit-OSee s second-clus nutter.
WASHINGTON, D. C, OCTOBER 8, 18S1.
Those sending us articles for publication should
write upon but one side of the paper; and inclose
stamps if they wish their contributions returned
if not used.
The new circular of the Commissioner of Pen
sions is simply a blow at shysters who, having
no standing at the Department bar, hold them
selves out as possessing marvelous influence, &c,
&c. Xo respectable attorney would think of in
diting a letter like that included in Colonel
Dudley's printed letter to claimants. If our
readers will refer back to our issues of August 27
and September 10 they will find in our articles
"Claimants and Attorneys" and "Concerning
the Pension Office" our views in full upon the
subjects treated of in the circular above men
tioned. "We there said that the superior ad
vantages possessed by a first-class attorney con
sisted in his good standing before the Depart
ment and his knowledge of the business, which
enables him to call for proofs in advance of the
official requirements. "We advise our subscribers
to read over our articles in the papers of the
dates named and see if they are not in perfect
harmony with Colonel Dudley's views as ex
pressed in this issue.
A Soldier for the Cabinet.
Thus far President Arthur has given out no
intimation of his Cabinet, but it is generally
conceded that a change will be made, and that
at no distant day. The probabilities are that all
the present members will retire to make room
for others whom we have reason to believe will
be no less worthy of public confidence. "We
think that in selecting his advisers the President
ought to so arrange as to give place to at least
one soldier, and we have in mind one who, in
our opinion, is in every way worthy of a Cabinet
position. "We refer to Colonel "W. "W. Dudley, at
present Commissioner of Pensions, who would
make an excellent Secretary of the Interior.
He has by the management of his present office
shown his fine executive ability, and also his
desire to do justice to all classes having business
with him officially; and, more important still,
has manifested his regard for the soldiers in
such manner as to convince them that he is in
deed their friend. His promotion to the head
of the Department in which he now holds a
subordinate position would be a graceful recog
nition of his sterling worth and complimentary
to the soldier element, which has had too little
consideration in the past. "We sincerely trust
we may be able to inform our readers of his
elevation to a higher and broader field of action
where the honors that attach will be more com
mensurate with the value of his services.
;ht, John A. Hawes; Horace Binnev Sar
gent, president; James F. Meech, secretary."
CIRCULAR TO CLAIMANTS.
The following circular lias recently Been issued
by the Commissioner of Pensions:
Department of the Interior,
Washington, D. C
To Claimants fih- Pension:
n Having been brought to the notice of the
rr4-ti rk stsl 4-sv J3 m!.. a!1 rl 1n4-.n.. XI ll-
and sixty feet in length. It is certainly a most
The charge made is that of a conspiracy to de
fraud the Government through improper lettings
of contracts for carrying the United States mails
over certain routes, and the information is sworn
to by the Postmaster-General, Mr. James, and by
one of his subordinates, Mr. "Woodward.
So far as the question of guilt on tlie part of
We are often called upon to furnish sub
scribers witli information which it is not in our
power to give, and in order to counteract any
impression of neglect that might otherwise arise
we take occasion to state that if an inquiry is
not answered in one of the first three numbers
after date of the letter making it the writer may
feel pretty sure that for some good reason the
information desired is not to be had.
"Why you Should Subscribe.
"We desire to say a few words to those who have
claims pending before any of the Government
Departments in this city. A large number, per
haps a majority of them, take or read The Na
tional Tribune because of the great variety
news, at least so far aSfthcy may relate to what ! "writer gives the reader a pleasant jaunt through
has thus far been nnnoiunlished.
The information recently filed against General ! S entertaining sketch i ComirTpX
Thomas J. Brady, late Second Assistant Postmas- I C " ,, "; T T i l Y onroer n , are representing themselves as possessing peculiar
" j .iaJvinS' several short sketches, poems, and the advantages for prosecuting claims over other
ter-General, and othersovers about fifty pages of , continued story "Tlie Yaleours," together with ' agents and attorneys, and as being able to ope
extra large-sized legal cap paper, closely printed, ! interesting miscellany make up a most interest- ! dlt? clauus for. a consideration, so that by their
and would, if the sheets were to be fastened to- ! ing volume of this popular monthly. ! f?S.fth da"-U Shal ?e, mre s-PeednV allowed
i J J i tnan it otherwise Avnnlrl hn fWmc u t..
' ANOTHER SOLDiFR hamp ' wa?1.a11 daans for. Pension that such repre-
, ANOTHER SOLDIERS' HOME, ; sentations and pretensions are false and delusive
The following, from the Holyoke Herald, is i and are only made to swindle claimants. The
evidence that at last one State is beginninu: to ' claii that such persons can secure advantage by
! realize that those who maintained its honor dur- ' c,ongressional influence is equally false, for no
ing the war are entitled, in these davs of peaceful ' wi;sicse,1"rtU "u"m knowingly lend Himself to
, v t "V ' , . peaceiui g a sciieme. ISo person, agent or attorney in
prosperity, secured through their sacrifices, to or out of Washington, possesses any sort of a
something more than the consideration extended j vantage over any other, except in official stand
to common paupers when age and disease, or i inS and no one can expedite a claim by influence.,
both, prevent them from earning a livelihood ' And ?e ass11165 claimants for pension that noth
It is to be hoped not only that the projected . S expedite the settlement of claims so much
tt -vr i " , 1J as a prompt compliance with the reouirements o
Home m Massachusetts mnv hppnmp n ,,,, !.:.. fi.Ai1 -.. " ""sieuuiicnienib o
the accused is concernede shall express no opin- j but that other States may establish similar insti- i of record, or through their CSywMtiS
ion, because we have had no opportunity to exam-i tutions in such numbers as will obviate the ' agent, if they have one, and he be in good stand
ine the testimony, if any there be, against them, j necessity of any soldier or sailor ever becoming ! inS before the office, (and if he is not claimants
But a portion of the case has already become a J iate of the poor-house. 0 J08
part of history, and to that extent at least is a L 'Vf "" Piot-People to learn . S
proper subject for discussion icd Massachu- essary delay will occur ;ut claimant SSSd
C i T -,- a,s77. ! setts soldiers are m the poor-houses to-day. candi- ! bear in mind that not only is the clerical force of
As already indicated, the information recently ; dates for the dissecting-table and a pauper's grave. ' the Pension Office employed in attending to cur
filed airainst General Bradv ami bis nlWpd r-nn- Such is thp. nnlmnnv fo Trtf . z i rent cases, but that durinir the adindirnHnt nf -
spirators is an exceedingly lengthy one; and yet, been torn to pieces by shell, and buried with J mS-
upon a careful examnaition, we have failed to find the,r nrades in the trenches of Antietam or I posed of as fast as possible. And were tlie office
in it, when stripped of its legal verbiage, any ; Gett'sbur- The insufficiency of fluctuating ; caught up with this accumulated work, current
material facts that were not fnllv u!p i-nn. ' State aid laws is pTOven by this ever-recurring ' cases m which proof must be made, necessarily
material facts that ere not fnllj made known lrainiliation of soMiers so brave and citizens ; require some considerable time for their proper
to Congress at the time of the star route investi- . beloved' It pains and stains every soldier who ' eaf jnat?on and adjudication. A fruitful source
gation some two years ago; and which have been j has worn the blue. In any future civil or for- tl'nte
heretofore published broadcast over the land. , eign war and in no spirit of hostility to our gal- clerical force of the office in writing answers to
The original charges were chiefly made or in- j lant antagonists is it said nothing could more J the thousands of letters constantly pouring in,
spired by one Hinds, wIid was indicted for com- I effectually paralyze enlistment than such an end- kinS the. s.tatlls of tnese accumulated c!ases!'
v -x i x --,.. . . 'ing of a hundred loyal lives while I ont The Coninilsslonei' assures claimants that as much
phcity m the "straw boirF affair in connection j . . to TllPv n, ' r!l ? i examination and labor is necessary to answer one
with mail IMnBoweeTelZ ' l? P7 b is neceiaiy to adjudl!
. ciiu a uiciuii , nuuue suca ueiays as are caused by
and who barely escaped the penitentiary through
a loop hole in the law and tlie shrewdness of his ; But her soldiers did more for Massachusetts
Hinds has now become a witness, and his
"Massachusetts has done much for her soldiers.
and excellence ofwhat it contains; and probably I former counsel, the attorney against General
.- - - w . nrnncon Tm- onri tint ! pa ;An; ., ji
not more than ten ov twenty thousand., if j B,, who WaS concerned in the effort to bring 60 ,e cent ho7 he "Gen-
'all that a man hath will he give for his life
"In explanation of their poverty, it must be r T S VlT, ue al.indicatad
mw , n P1 T?J: 1 ".' .. ! as are now, for tce as much of the clerical force
answering inquiries as to the condition nf nimm
should be charged to the claimants for pension
themselves, for if they should cease such inqui
ries twice as many claims would be adjndicatad '
remembered that many got no bounties or in
creased pa', and that the soldiers' money depre
that many, have ever considered the question
"Why do or ought I to take a paper?" in a pecu
niary sense. They may not have ever thought j prosecution, will be remembered as the individual
that by paying out say a dollar and a half for j who so grossly maligned, during his lifetime, our
fifty-two numbers of a live weekly journal in
twelve months they could save, in the item of
postage alone, enough to pay their years' sub
file former to justice
Gibson, another prime mover in the present ! "Treasury notes as good as gold." These men
I lost their best years lor forming business habits
! and connections. Xot all, even wounded men.
who merit pensions, can get them. The laws
could be employed m adjudication. Cases Avili
be made special, only when it is nnnnTnsi-cK-
shown to the Commissioner that such a cause for-
laicu mvic; uuiu uu per cent., uiougn tne lien- o""-" -" nic vjumiuissiuiiur tiiac sucii a cause tor
eral orders" of September's. 1861. nrnmisprf : lt exists as would satisfy other claimants that
um . . , , , .. i SUCII action IS rio-hf. rmrl nrnnpr Tlinl Moimor,;.
I -"- . .vivi. XJ1UU UtliUltUllO
late President, General Garfield,
Months ago the public were informed through
the press that sufficient evidence to convict Brady
scription. But many claimants can do this, as j and others had been found, but when the time
we shall demonstrate before Ave .have finished, i came to lay the proofs before the grand jury the
Claims in the Pension Office are first taken
up for preliminary action in their order of filing.
For final action they are ordinarily taken up
so soon as the evidence called for has been
To Applicants for Ottice.
The National Tribune cannot undertake to i
procure clerkships or any' other class of appoint
ments under the Government; nor can we advise
the making of an application on the part of any
one. There are at least one hundred candidates
for every vacancy' that may occur, and to insure
any prospect for success strong political influence
Pensioners Dropped from tlie Kolls.
Pensioners dropped from the rolls under the ad
ministration of the late Mr. Bentley may, in
some instances, by employing a competent attor
ney, succeed in having their names restored.
To those who honestly believe wrong has been
done them, Ave would say, it can do you no harm
to apply for a restoration.
Fees in Pension Claims.
Under the act of June 19, 1878, and the Pen
sion Office rulings, fees in claims filed subsequent
to that date, and also in cases filed prior thereto,
but in which no attorney has ever been employed,
are payable in advance, if requested by the agent
Those avIio have not the means to subscribe for
The National Tribune should remember that
sny person sending us ten subscribers with $12.50,
-vA-ill be entitled to a copy of our paper for one year
free of charge. The names need not all be sent at
one lime. When the number is complete the ex
tra copy Avill be sent to the getter-up of the club.
Send in your subscriptions for The National
For illustration, let us suppose a case as folloAvs
John Jones files a claim for pension through an
attorney in this city.
Supposing he Avrites to his agent an average of
one letter per Aveek (and Ave knoAV of instances
A-here the aAerage would be double that speci
fied), his postage, at single rates, would amount
at the end of the first year to one dollar and fifty
six cents. If he also holds a correspondence with
the Department as Avell, as some do, the amount
would be increased in proportion to the addi
tional number of letters sent. The majority (at
least tAVO-thirds) of this correspondence is abso
lutely unnecessary; and, if so, a dollar has been
needlessly expended. "We say unnecessary, be
cause it relates chiefly to the condition of the
case Iioav lone before it Avill be reached how
long before a pension can be alloAved requests to
hurry up the case, &c, &c.
All this information, had the claimant taken a
paper like The National Tribune, would have
been found, from time to time, substantially
given in its columns. Of course, particular cases
Avould not have been mentioned, but the condi
tion of business in the Pension Office Avould have
been set forth so that interested parties could
have judged for themselves Iioav their oavh mat
ters stood. But this is not all. John Jones finds,
during the progress of his claim, that the testi
mony of some particular Avitness, an officer, or
comrade, is necessary, and he does not know the
Avhereabouts of a single member of his company
or regiment having a knoAvledge of the required
facts. If he Avere a subscriber to the Tribune
he could have an advertisement inserted calling
for the post-office addresses of such Avitnesses,
free of charge, and thus, oAving to a wide circula
tion of the paper, stand a good chance for success
in finding them out. To advertise in the regular
AA'ay would cost from one dollar and a half to
three dollars ; and if the advertisement Avere to
be put in a paper other than one deA'otcd to the
interests of soldiers and sailors, and one, there
fore, not having a large circulation among them,
prosecution was forced to admit to the contrary,
and the jury Avas adjourned until early in Sep
tember. "When September came neither the Attorney-General
nor the person especially deputed
by him to look after the prosecutions Avas present,
nor Avas the Postmaster-General nor any repre
sentative from his Department. They knew the
court was to meet at a certain time, that the
grand jury Avould be in session to receive such
proofs as they might have to offer, and yet ab
sented themselves without any known reasonable
cause or excuse.
The grand jury Avas therefore adjourned until
legal representatives, appeared in court and asked,
not for an indictment, but for leave to file an in
formation against the alleged criminals, which
The reason assigned for his unusual step Avas
that before an indictment could be prepared or
obtained the prosecution would be barred by the
statute of limitations, which fact must haA-e been
knoAvn to them months before.
Noav, the Constitution of the United States pro
vides that " No person shall be held to answer for
a capital or othenvise infamous crime, unless on
a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, ex
cept in cases arising in the land or naval forces,
or in the militia, when in actnal serA-ice in time
f Avar or public danger." The information
charges an infamous crime one punishable by
imprisonment in the penitentiary and we fail to
see what possible advantage is to be gained by
filing it. An indictment seems to us the only
proper mode of procedure. If such be case, and
the prosecution fails because of its not bavin"
been properly instituted, the officers of the Goa'
ernment are culpable for their neglect. This is
no light matter. If General Brady be guilty he
deserves and ought to have the punishment meted
out to him that is commensurate Avith his offense.
The laAv officers of the United States have pro
claimed him guilty, the Postmaster-General has
proclaimed him guilty, and yet, with enough tcs-
delay starves some. For others, evidence is for
ever lost. The four National homes are not
legally open to all meritorious soldiers in distress;
and even if they were, exile from the State was
no part of the State's promise. The splendid
shreds and tatters enshrined to Doric Hall are
the only pride that faith has left to many a
broken-hearted man. The blood-stained battle
flags of his OAvn regiment, at least, are his. Amid
scenes of desperation that no words can tell he
has risked his life for the State's pale banner. It
is no charity to send him away to some distant
National home to die, far from every comrade, far
may be on their guard, I append. 1st. a com- of n
letter Avritten by one of these "peculiar advanta
ges" gentlemen to a pensioner whose claim is
pending; 2d, the section of the ReA-ised Statute
of the United States governing the amount of
legal fee that may be charged by any person
acting as agent in prosecuting a claim for pen
sion; and, 3rd, the section prescribing punish
ment for any over charge by any such agent or
person aiding them :
The following is a sample letter:
Confidential. Septe3!Ber S, 1SS1.
My Dear Sir: I have been requested to write von by
Mr. concerning; your claims for pension. From the
description of the claim dven by him it should have been
allowed a loner time since. Should von w?li mo tn tni-a
charge of it please let me hear from you (with all papers.
you may nave; at an eany uaie. Jir. . your attor-
r. -i.-i-.,. ,. ,.,... you may navei ai an ear
irom any Jiincireci, lar irom HIS nistoric Alassa- ney, need not know anything about it, and "it will not
CllUSetts, far, to use Andrew's irlorious words i Ke any amerence to urn in any way. The claim can
chusetts, far, to use AndreAv's glorious Avords,
from these "proud memories of many fields, SAveet
memories alike of A-alor and of friendship, im
mortal memories Avith immortal honors blended."
To enshrine the senseless emblem of A'ictory and
remit its victorious bearer to exile or the mnner's
Last Aveek the Government, by its j SraveJ is uot n accord with the noblest inspira-
nuii nun umuiuuua ui iuu lugnjiu uiu -DJiy OUlie.
Proud as she is, she once relied, through anxious
days and nights, upon that humble life's deA-o-tion.
For Avhat he Avas, and all he dared, re
member him to-day !
"New York has established a soldiers' home.
Other States have proA-ided hospitals. Maine
has a soldiers' home in addition to the great
National home at Togus. Massachusetts has
laA'ished much money under State aid laAvs
Avhich recent codification shows to be incohe
rent, and Avhich, it cannot be denied, are in
effectual to keep her soldiers out of the poor
house. But she has no soldiers' home for dis
pairing men avIio were once the Avail betAveen her
credit and Lee's armies, though she owns twice
as many bonds and bank stocks as all the
Southern Stats ; all of which would haA'e been
waste paper if Lee had succeeded. It was
in the days of Roman luxury that Caligula
ordered the old gladiators to be given to the
lions of the circus, because Avorn-out fighting
men were useless, and meat Avas dear.
"A hospital home in Massachusetts has become
a necessity for our feeble and destitute soldiers,
some of whom, are seventy years of age. The
Grand Army, Avhich has contributed largely,
hails with joy such a coadjutor.
"Under the pressing sense of a debt to patriot
ism, charity and justice, the undersigned, incor
porated ' Trustees of the Soldiers' Home in Mas
sachusetts,' have at last purchased, at a quarter
of its original cost and fully furnished, the High
land Park Hotel, on Powder Horn Hill in
Chelsea. It is near Boston, large enough for
be run throuok snecdilu iust as well as Vjiti 1m ivi- mo oc-
though I was attorney of record.
An Act relating to Claim Agents and Attorneys hi
Be it C7iacted by the Senate and House of Representatives
of the United States of America in Congress assembled. It
shall be unlawful for any attorney, agent, or other person
to demand or receive for his services in a pension case a
greater sum than ten dollars. Approved June
Act of Congress approved March 3, 1SS1, pro
vides that the provisions of section 5485 of the
Revised Statutes, shall be applicable to any per
son who shall violate provisions of an Act entitled
"An Act relating to Claim Agents and Attorneys .
in Pension Cases," approved June 20, 1S7S, and
its proA-isions already extend to claims filed prior
to that date.
Section 5-185. Any agent, or attorneA, or an v other per
son instrumental in prosecuting an v claim for pension
or bounty land, who shall directly or indirectly contract
for, demand, or receive or retain any greater compensa
tion for his services, or instrumentality in prosecuting a
claim for pension or bounty land than'is provided in the
Title pertaining to pensions, or avIio shall wrongfully
withhold from a pensioner or claimant the whole or any
part of the pension or claim allowed and due such pen
sioner or claimant, or the land warrant issued to any
such claimant, shall be deemed guilty of a high misde
meanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall lor every
such offense be lined not exceeding live hundred dollars,
or imprisonment at hard labor not exceeding two years,
or both, at the discretion of the court.
The following section is important as preclud
ing all persons employed by the Government from
any participation, direct or indirect, in the prose- -cution
of claims :
Section-. 5198. Every oflicer of the United States, or
person homur any jmitc y " ii ., ui s;nurg
liig any official function under, or m connection with,
anv Executive Department of the Government of the
United States, or under the Senate or House of Repre
sentatives of the United States, who acts as an agent or
attorney for prosecuting any claim against the United
States, or in any manner, or by any means, othenvise
than in discharge of his proper official duties, aids or as
sists in the prosecution or supiort of any such claim, or
receives any gratuity, or any share of or interest in any
claim from any claimant against the United States with
intent to aid or assist, or in consideration of having aided,
or assisted, in the prosecution of such claim, shall pay a .
fine of not more than five thousand dollars, or suffer
imprisonment not more than one vear, or both
AVm. W. Dudley,