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TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
WASHIKGTW, D. C, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1881.
NEW SERIES . Yol. L No. 9.
UNITED STATES SENATE.
ITS RECENT MEETING IN SPECIAL SESSION.
Opening l'roreodiiig-Thc Election of a Presiding Offlwr
pro trm The Democrats take Control.
Nei .Senators Sworn lu.
On Monday, the 10th inst, agreeably, to the
President's proclamation, the Senate met in spe
cial session at the Capitol. All the Senators were
in attendance. Senator Bayard, of Delaware, was,
after some discussion, chosen President pro tern.,
and immediately entered upon the duties of his
office." There was some little dehate as to the
admission of the new Senators from New York
and Khode Island, after which an adjournment
was had until the following day. On Tuesday,
when the Senate met, Senator Edmunds immedi
ately after the journal had been read, moved that
the oath of office he administered to Senator-elect
Nelson W. Aldrich, of Rhode Island, and, there
being no objection, the motion was agreed to, and
Mr. Aldrich sworn in. Mr. Edmunds made a
similar motion in the cases of Senators-elect from
New York. Mr. McPherson, of New Jersey, in
terposed, and stated that he desired to present a
petition pending that motion. He held in his
hands a communication from certain members of
the New York Legislature, alleging certain rea
sons why Messrs. Lapham and Miller were not
entitled to seats in the Senate. "With regard to
those allegations he knew nothing. He did not
present the petition with any desire te delay ac
tion npon the administration of the oath. He
offered the petition and would refer it at the
proper time to the appropriate committee.
Mr. Edmunds said that as the petition referred
to the propriety of swearing in the neVr Senators
from New York, he would not object to its recep
tion at the present time.
The petition was received and laid upon thp
table, and the oath of office administered to the
Senators from New York.
A committee, consisting of Messrs. Pendleton
and Anthony, was appointed by the presiding
officer to wait upon the President and inform
Trim ,ihat the Senate was ready to. receive any
communication he might please to send to them.
Then, at 12:15 p. m., the Senate took a recess
for half an hour.
After the recess Mr. Edmunds offered a resolu
tion declaring that the standing committees of
the Senate as they were constituted at the close
of the last session of the Senate be continued for
the present session, and authorizing the Presi
dent pro tern, to fill any vacancies which may
Mr. Harris asked that the resolution lie over
for one day under the rule. So ordered.
The committee appointed to wait upon the
President reported that it had performed its
duty, and that the President had stated that he
would communicate in writing with the Senate
on the following day.
The proceedings upon Wednesday morning were
of an unimportant character, and no message
having been received from the President further
than nominations for office, including the names
of W. "W. Dudley. O. P. G. Clark, and C. B.
"Walker, Commissioner and First and Second
Deputy Commissioners of Pensions, respectively,
(re-appointed to the offices they now hold), the
Senate adjourned after a brief Executive Session.
GREAT FIRE IN NEW YORK.
About seven o'clock on the night of the 11th
the Fourth avenue car stables, owned by Wni. H.
Vanderbilt, were burned. 'The flames spread
rapidly, owing to the strong wind. The stables
occupied an entire block. A number of horses per
ished. Loss on the stables and contents $200,000.
The flames set fire to MorrelFs large furniture
storage building on Thirty-second street, which
was entirely burned down. The loss on the
bnilding and its contents was estimated at $2,000,
000. Some of the finest furniture in the city was
stored there, and it was destroyed. Among the
articles stored there was a picture owned by
Win. H. Vanderbilt, valued at $50,000, which
AN OLD SETTLER.
An interesting instance of longevity is found
in the case of Edsy Goodman, a colored Avoman
of Seier county, Ark., Avho claims to be 125
years old. This statement of her age is a matter
of official record in one of the Government offices
of this city. It is also of court record that her
master moved from New Jersey to Sevier county
early in the centuryand that he brought his
sen-ants, among whom Avas Edsy, with him. She
Kays that she was a servant girl Avhen "Washing
ton crossed the Delaware at Trenton, and fought
the battle that gave the Hessians into his hands.
Bbe remembers the Avoids of the song sung on
that occasion, and sings them. This venerable
relic of a long-past day, lingering on the stage of
Unman affaire in generous riA-alry with the re
nuvn of Old Parr, connects our period with the
frAof the cavaliers. It is not improbable that
her eyes, have looked on the face of one who
f.mm in MnnAimvnt at tho flames of the great
firti of fjornVm.
The war ffgittiist Afghanistan, which Lord
iMtowmfiM orttwed info so eagerly, has tfnt tho
tfltifill wtipifmrnehmulteil and seventeen million
WJforfc wHhOtti (tmmihm tho lives sacrificed.
LAFAYETTE AND THE SUFFOLK GUARD.
Mr. Charles L. Vose, in a letter to the New
York Evening Mail relates the following incident
connected with the Marquis de Lafayette's visit
to this country in 1824 :
The Suffolk Guard of Boston, a company of
Boston boys from ten to fourteen years old, was
formed after the last war with Great Britain.
They dressed in blue jackets, pants and cap and
white belts, and had a regular musket about half
the size of the army gun, as it was called in those
days. The company was composed of seventy
boys. The captain's"1 name was Wilson. I was
the ensign and bore a flag made and presented by
our young ladjr friendsiGn one of our parades
the Marquis saw us; we halted and gave him a
marching salute with all the music we had, con
sisting of a drum and -life. He was. so much
pleased that he sent for our, captain and requested
the company to be his body-guard in the proces
sion from Boston to Charlestown, the" day the
Bunker Hill corner-stone was to be'laid. "When
the time came, we filed each side of the barouche,
drawn by eight white horses, containing the Mar
quis de Lafayette and the great Daniel "Webster,
who was to be .the orator of' the day, as well as
two other distinguished gentlemen. Upon our
arrival at Bunker Hill, Ave were placed in front
of the platform, keeping guard inside the chain,
which kept back the crowd during the whole ex
ercises. All that day we boys never flagged nor
faltered, considering the honor more than com
mensurate with the duties.
The circumstance has never faded from ny
memory, nor never will.
MAILS TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
The total weight of letters and newspapers and
other mailable matter sent from, the United States
to European countries during the fiscal year end
ing June 30, 1881, was, as seen jythe Post-Office
report, which is in process of completion Let
ters, 142,749,897 grammes; newspapers, &c, 551,
189,876 grammes. This shows an increase over last
year in thematter of letters of 29,329,808 grammes,
and of newspapers, &c, 83,S91,tfl9 grammes. The
total weight of letters, newspapers, &c, sent from
the United States to countries and colonies (other
than- European) ofthe - tinhrsalpostalunjon
during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1881, was
11,770,176 grammes; newspapers, &c, 87,630,570
grammes, being an increase of 1,877,065 grammes in
respect to letters, and of 20,023,000 grammes as to
newspapers, &c. The number of letters exchanged
between the United States and those countries
not in the universal postal union during the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1381, was, letters, 321,951 ;
received, 434,765. The mail sent to countries
within the universal postal union is proportioned
by its weight ; that sent to those outside of it is
enumerated. The total weight of New Zealand
and Australian closed mails carried across the
continent, between New York and San Francisco,
in both directions, during the past fiscal year, and
for which the United States Government receives
for transportation six francs per kilogramme for let
ters and two cents per kilogramme for newspapers,
was: letters, 16,105,932 grammes; newspapers,
196,541,270 grammes. A kilogramme being equal
to a thousand grammes, the revenue from this
postal service to the Government is about $19,326
for letters, and $78,616 for newspaper transpor
tation. A gramme is equivalent to 15.432 grains and
a kilogramme to 2.2046 pounds of avoirdupois.
NEWS OF THE JEANNETTE.
The whaling schooner li. B. Hendy, Captain
Winans, arrived at San Francisco, October 1,
from the Arctic Sea. She brought down Captain
Gifford and the crew of the whaler Daniel Web
ster, which was crushed by the ice near Point
Barrow. Captain Gifford confirms the report
contained in a cablegram published by the NeAV
York Herald September 21, stating that the na
tives had seen a Avrecked ship far to the eastward
and four white men among the natives. The con
versation between Captain Gifford and the natives
was conducted principally by signs, and Avas dif
ficult to understand. From the signs made, these
four men Avere either dead or sick, as the natives
indicated their condition as being one of sleep.
There is similarity in the statement of the Esqui
maux concerning the Avreck and that relative to
the location of the wreck of the Vigilant. The
number of bodies correspond four dead men hav
ing been found on the Vigilant, but the distance
between the tAvo locations is so great as to make
it impossible to the minds of Avhalers that the
stories apply to the same vessel. Captain Wi
nans, in a letter to the Bulletin, advances the
theory that the Jeannette lias sought a northeast
passage around North America, and mentions, as
a thread of evidence leading that way, that the
Indians who reported to Captain Gifford the
Avreck to the eastward, produced a new brass
kettle Avhich had come from the wreck. The
kettle Avas new and bright, and j ust from t he store,
having the name and place of manufacture,
Avhich, the Captain thinks, was Waterbury, Mass.,
but he has lost the record he made of it. at the
time. No ship had been in that vicinity during
the last two years, and it would seem that, were
the article from a ship before that time, it would
have been made use of, for soon after a native
brought it to Point BarroAV and it was immedi
ately utilized. Captain Winans says thai, when
he left the Arctic whaling fleet in Augtint, the
basin vftw open, but the weather stormy.
NEWS FROM OVER THE SEA.
WHAT THE OLD WORLD SAYS TO THE NEW.
The Cholera in India Inundation in Italy Gold for the
United States Affairs in Tunis The Colxlcn
Club Sham Fight iff llnsslu, Ac
In several corps of the Russian army dogs have
been introduced in the piece of men as sentries.
The Avolf dog of the Ural mountains has been
found most serviceable for his purpose for the
reason that it is Avont to signify its disapproval
of intruders by Ioav groAvls instead of vociferous
barking, Avhich would incite all the other dogs in
the camp to similar ATocal exercises.
In the Spanish senate on Saturday last Senor
Guell presented an amendment to the address in
reply to the speech from the throne demanding
autonomy for Cuba. The amendment demands
the conclusion of a commercial treaty between
Cuba and the United Stated on the basis of abso
lute freedom of commerce. '
The forts of Tunis have'been occupied by the
French troops. Two thousand men are encamped
at the northern gates of the-city. Very little ex
citement Avas caused by this important event ex
cept among the Jews in the outlying quarters,
who have asked permission to carry oft the old
cannon of the forts, whether with a Aiew to coin
ing them or using them as'weapons of defense is
not apparent. 1
The Russian authorities! are adopting severe
measures against the Nihilists.
The London Observer's correspondent at Dublin
mentions with credit a rumor that Mr. Michael
DaA-itt will shortly ue released from prison.
General Prendergast hai been appointed Goa--ernor
of Cuba, in place of Crptain-General Blanco.
Though France has discarded the cuirass,
Germany's ten regiments f cuirassiers are still
to retain their armor. TJie Saxon life guards
have-throAvn aside thir bieast and back plates
since the Avar, but the Prussians tenaciously
cling to them still, belieAing that, Avith all its
drawbacks, the cuirass isJfalculated to avert the
ixQiW-yJ''c an4 breakjit
least the force of many a bullet
During the recent sham fight &t the manoeuvres
in Russia several people Avere knocked down and
run over by the artillery, two being killed on
the spot. Others were injured by the cavalry,
and Lieutenant-General Timophejew, commander
of the Second division of infantry guards, was
throAvn from his horse, and so dangerously
Avounded that his recovery is doubtful. Imme
diately upon the conclusion of the fight General
A'on Schmidt, commander of the Constantiuovian
military school, stung by a report which the
troops under him had received from Lieutenant
General Machotim, retired to his tent and dis
charged six chambers of a revolver at himself.
Several of the shots struck his head, but he only
died after some hours' intense suffering. An in
fantry regiment banged aAvay into the distance,
and the bullets suddenly began to whizz
about the ears of a regiment of dragoons practic
ing field movements. The officer in command of
the dragoons seemed oblivious of the fact, and
Avhen his attention was pointedly called to it, he
replied, Avith the utmost nonchalance t that there
Avas very little danger, and did not budge from
the spot till one horse had been shot dead and
4 another Avounded:
President Salamon, of Port-au-Prince, has pos
itively refused to give M. Laforestrie, the late
minister of the treasury, a passport to leave the
country until he has rendered to the nation a
satisfactory account of his administration of the
140,000 worth of gold, principally from
France, Avas purchased yesterday in the open
market for shipment to New York.
The Standard's dispatch from Durban says that
General Sir Evelyn Wood has left Maritzburg for
Zululand to inquire into the reports of a renewal
of fighting in that country.
Dr. Schliemann, the eminent archaeologist, has
arrived in Constantinople. The German embassy
has asked for a firman authorizing the continu
ance of his excavations at Hissarlik, the site of
A dispatch to the Times from Darjeeling says :
"Fever is epidemic at Umritsir, in the Punjaub.
The mortality is from 200 to 300 daily. The
total number of deaths for the eleven days ended
the 1st of Octoler Avas 2,265, of whom 1,138 were
A dispatch to the Daily Neics from Rome says :
"A telegram from Cagliari states that a terrible
inundation has devastated the communes of Set
timo and San Pietro. Fifty-four houses have
been destroyed and four lives lost. The losses of
cattle and grain are enormous.''
Mr. James Russell Lowell, the United States
Minister to England, has gone to the Continent.
The Prussian revenue returns to the end of the
financial year are favorable. For the first time
in many years there is no deficit.
The Cobden Club, which has issued 200,000
free-trade books and pamphlets since the proro
gation of the British Parliament, is calling upon
its friends for a special subscription of 2,000 for i
further similar measures combatting the react
GEORGIA'S MINERAL WEALTH,
The display of Georgia's ores at the cotton ex
position is really astonishing in its fullness and
variety. We believe that the exposition Avill
proAe of great benefit to the State by making
visitors from other sections acquainted Avith the
rare richness of north Georgia in minerals. The
specimens are very numerous, and include almost
every mineral knoAvn to geologists. Iron ores in
profuse A'ariety and uncommon purity and quality
are exhibited from A-arious localities. Beautiful
marble, soapstoue, mica, corundum, kaolin or
porcelain clay, as Avell as gold and copper bear
ing ores, are exhibited. Coal of good quality is
also to be found among the specimens. Alto
gether the display of minerals is quite interest
ing and attractiA-e, and will no doubt convince
capitalists that there is a rich field for develop
ment and profit in their utilization. Too long
have they rested neglected in their native beds,
Avhile poorer fields elseAvhere have been remu
neratively Avorked. "We trust that the exhibition
of their A-ariety and value Avill be folloAved by
the best results. Atlanta Constitution.
WHO GET THE MONEY?
The NeAv York Times calls attention to the
melancholy fact that between July, 1873, and
December 13, 1877, both inclusive, the names of
more than three hundred firms in this country
Avere published as embezzlers or defaulters in
sums over $5,000, while doubtless scores more
escaped publicity. In many cases the thefts
amounted to hundreds of thousands ; in one or
two to millions. Among the cases are the fol
loAving: Charles T. Carlton, secretary Union
Trust Company, New York, 400,000, (dead;)
Charles H. Phelps, cashier State Treasury De
partment, Albany, $300,000 ; J. C. Duncan, bank
president, San Francisco, $750,000; Stephen
"WardAvell, cashier Commercial National Bank,
ProA-idence, R. I., $20,000; David Gage, city
treasurer, Chicage, 111., $500,000 ; Theodore "Wick,
treasurer, Ohio, $90,000; Water Commissioner,
Pittsburg, Pa., $500,000 ; Henry Nicoll, chairman
executive committee of the Bar Association, NeAV
York, $200,000 ; Abraham Jackson, lawyer and
president, Boston, Mass., $300,000 ; John R. Mor
ton, Philadelphia, $,00p.,000: E. J. Window,
Boston, Mass., $600,000, G. Van Hollern, city
collector, Chicago, $130,000 ; John C. Tracy, bank
president, Hartford, Conn., falsification of ac
counts to extent of $600,000; Hildrefh & Tighe.
laAvyers and agents, NeAV York, over $100,000 ;
both Avere pillars of their respective churches, as
indeed Avere many other embezzlers. This is a
ILLEGAL PENSION FEES.
A former State Senator named George H. Row
land, residing at Rowland Station, Pike county,
PennsA'lAania, Avas arrested at his home and taken
to Philadelphia by Deputy United States Marshal
Marple, upon the charge of extorting illegal fees
in the collection of a pension. The complainant
is an old Avoman named Maria Blackmore, over
sixty years of age, who resides at Millville Sta
tion, Pike county. The prisoner Avas arraigned
for a hearing before United States Commis
sioner Phillips, but in the absence of Avitnesses
Avas held in $1,000 bail for further action.
The following, clipped from the N. Y. Medical
Record, beats one of Bliss's Bulletins :
Joseph Martinho Coutinho, of Cape Frio, ProA--ince
of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is reported to be
nearly one hundred and ninety years of age, haA'
ing been born, it is claimed, in 1094. He is said
to be the ancestor of 42 children, 123 grandchil
dren. SO great-grandchildren, and 20 great-greatgrandchildren.
Like all those old gentlemen
avIio have passed their first centennial, Senhor
Coutinho undoubtedly gets up at four in the
morning, delights in chopping Avood by the cord,
breaks in restive horses, Avalks tAventy miles
Avithout the slightest fatigue, and is blessed Avith
a fine appetite, good eyes, and the best of health.
Born in 1694 George Washington's nurses Avill
have to hide their diminished woolly heads.
TRYING TO BEAT KIRKWOOD.
The author of "Once a Week Talks" in Syra
cuse Herald tells the following story of an loAva
Chancing to look one day into a tailor's shop
sIioav Avindow, he discovered there one of those
ingenious fashion-plates representing the late
President and his cabinet in the most gorgeous
attire shears, needle, and goose can concoct. He
studied it attentively a minute or two, and then
stepped inside and inquired the address of the
publisher. A few days later he Avas seen at his
office desk Avith a small pile of these plates before
him, folding one at a time in a newspaper Avrap
per and preparing it for mailing. "I'm laying
out Kirkwood," said he. "Do you see the style
he's got up in there in that picture? Well, sir,
I'm sending a copy to every prominent granger
in the State of Iowa. They all knew him Avhen
he used to sit around in his shirt sleeves on a dry
goods box at a corner store with cow-skin boots
on, an old straAV hat Avith no ribbon but a shoe
string, a cob pipe in his mouth, and a generally
' How-de-do,' devil-may-care air about him.
When they look at that picture they'll drop all
of a heap. 'If that's the sort of man it makes of
Sam Kirkwood to liA-e in Wash'n'ton, they'll say,
the quicker he comas back to lowey the better."
GRAND ARMY AMIYERSARY.
PENNSYLVANIANS HAVING A GOOD TIME.
Parade in Hilladelpia March to the Centennial Bnilti-
tnt; KontMi Ox Music Dancing1 A Jolly
(food Time and Eery Body Happy.
The Grand Army of the Kepnblie, Depart
ment of Pennsylvania, celebrated its fifteenth
anniversary in the main Centennial building
in Philadelphia on Monday last. To go into a
description of all the preliminaries that ushered'
in the exercises of the day Avould be tedious
It is enough to say that there Avas a grand
spectacle of street marching and countermarch
ing in the forenoon Avhile the different Posts
were getting into line. There are thirty-two
Posts in the city, all of Avhich participated sore
Nos. 2 and 19, Avhich, on account of the inability
of their members to get off from work, did not
turn out as organizations, though representatives
from each marched with other Posts. In addi
tion to the city Posts there were nine outside ones,
from Wilmington, West Chester, Chester, Kennett
Square, Norristown, Conshohocken, Camden,
Hazleton, and Wilkesbarre, respectively. There
Avere a large number of guests in the persons of
officers or former officers in the Grand Army from,
different parts of the State and from New York
NeAv Jersey, Delaware, and Massachusetts
WHO WERE PRESENT.
Prominent among all these Avas General George
S. Merrill, Commander-in-Chief of the Grand
Army of the United States, from Boston. The
other Massachusetts visitors were Major Silas
M. Barton, Captain J. G. B. Adams, Colonel
William 31. Olin, and Captain Horace A. Saw
yer. From New York there were Department
Commander General Abram Merritt and Medical
Director Dr. George S. Little, and from New
Jersey Quartermaster-General William Ward
and Department Commander Houghton. Dela
Avare's chief representatives were Department
Commander W. S. McNair and 3Iajor John Wain
right. Among Pennsylvania's prominent mea
Avere Past Department Commanders General'
Hartranft, Colonel Samuel I. Givin, Colonol O..
C. Bosbyshell, Colonel E. B. Beath, Colonel
George L. BroAvn, Colonel Charles T. Hull,
Colonel Chill W. Hazzard, and General Louis.
Wagner. The immediate officers in charge were
Department Commander John Taylor, Adjutant
General John M. Vanderslice, Assistant Quartermaster-General
John A. Stevenson, and Chiei'
Mustering Officer Daniel O'Neill.
The forenoon feature was the street parade,
which began at half-past nine o'clock. As usual,
Broad street was the central point of the specta
cle. About three thousand men participated in
the parade. They reached the Exhibition huiTd
ing about half-past twelve. The scene there was
busy, stirring, bewildering. Soldiers on all sides;
drums beating, fifes shrieking, and scores of
bands playing. All outside the building, as well
as inside, was a great stirring, shapeless, Tin
wieldly throng of people soldiers and their
wives, children, friends, and guests. Not less
than 20,000 people were present altogether. The
unique feature of the affair for the masses was an
ox-roast. A tremendous Texan steer had been
slaughtered and prepared the night before. At
1 o'clock yesterday morning, when the Avorlcl
was sleeping, a hickory pole Avas run through
the steer lengthAvise, and he Avas hoisted over a
large fire up at the glass house in the northern
end of the building and roasted,
said the steer Avould be ready for serving at I
o'clock p. m. So he was. Soldiers with enor
mous butcher knives stood behind a large block
like table where the steer, through the combined
exertions of a Avhole regiment, had been raised
and placed on his back, and carved him as he was
needed, and served the pieces out to the hungry
multitude, together Avith sandAviches, made from
great stacks of bread placed on the table before
them. While this Avas going on the commanders
and prominent people Avere banqueting with
their guests up stairs. Two things were down
on the programme to take place after dinner,
Avhich disposed of all exercises, outside music,
drilling, parading, and dancing at the closing
hop. These were, first, the presentation of a stand
of colors to Post 21, of West Philadelphia, Avhicifc
they Avon at a fair of the Bellevue Literary Insti
tute lastAvinter, and, second, the presentation of a,
handsome gold medal, studded Avith diamonds,,
to Post Commander General Wagner. The first
affair came off, the presentation speech being,
made by Judge Kelley's private secretary, Wil
liam B. Morris, the response being delivered by
Past Post Commander Alex. li. Cutler, while the
medal presentation to General Wagner was post
poned till next .1 une, Avhen it Avill take place at
the Kennion in Baltimore.
The rest of the afternoon was taken up Avith
drilling and music. Of the latter an elaborate
programme Avas gone through,, operatic music
being the order from 4 till 5. At 5:30 supper
was served, after Avhich there "came a burlesque
drill and parade. One of the most creditable:
spectacles Avas a drill of the cadets of the Sol
diers' Orphans' Institute, an hieh Avere out about
one hundred strongs under their, instructor, Ma
jor Spieer. The grand hop began at 8 o'clock
and kept, up till 10.