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THE ISTATIOKAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, OCTOBER 15, 1881.
k CHARACTERISTIC DISPATCH.
The following dispatch was sent by President
Lincoln to General Hooker, while the latter com
manded the Army of the Potomac :
Wasiuxotos:, D. C., June 5, 1363.
Yours of to-day was received an hour ago. bo
much of professional military skill is requisite to
answer it, that I have turned the task over to
General Halleck. 1 1 e promises to perform it with
his utmost care. 1 have hut one idea which I
think worth suggesting to you, and that is, in
wise you find Lee coming to the north of the
Rappahannock, I would by no means cross to the
south of it. If he should have a rear force at
Fredericksburg tempting you to fall upon it, it
would fight in intrenclimeuts, and have you at
disadvantage, and so, man for man, worst you at
that point, while his main force would, in some
way, be getting an advantage of you northward.
In one word, I would not take any risk of being
entangled upon the river, like an ox jumped hall
over the fence and liable to be torn by dogs front
and rear, without a fair chance to gore o'ne way
or kick the other. If Lee would come to my
side of the river, I would keep on the same side
and fight him, or act on the defence, according as
might be my estimate of his strength relatively
to my own. But these are mere suggestions
which I desire to he controlled by yourself and
"Washington, D. C, May 9, 1S63.
Major General Hookek. Falmouth, Va.:
Mrs. General Hays is here, and wishes to join
her husband. Can you tell me where he now is,
or where she can meet him ?
II. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief.
Headquarters Army of the Potomac,
Mav 9, 1863.
Major-General Halleck, General-in-Chief. I
General Hays is supposed to be on his way to I
Richmond, wounded and a prisoner. Mrs. Hays's
most direct way would be via City Point.
Joseph Hooker, Major-General Commanding.
Note. General Hays "was the Pennsylvanian
of that name, formerly colonel of the Sixty-third
regiment from that State.
NO AMERICAN SHIPS.
The New York World sent its mathematical
reporter down among the docks on the morn
ing of the Cleveland funeral, and he found,
after close calculation, that Hags of mourning
floated at half-mast from fifty-seven ocean steam
ships, fifty-three ships, two hundred and forty
six barks, forty-nine brigs, and one hundred
and eighty-nine schooners, lying in the port of!
New York, and making a total of five hundred
and ninety-four vessels. Of the ocean steamers
every one, and of the other vessels two-thirds
displayed the flags of foreign powers. In this
connection it should be remembered that we
constitute a nation of fifty millions, and, on
this particular day, it so happened that in the
port of our great metropolis, which has a popu
lation of about a million and a half, and repre
sents countless millions of capital, not one Ameri
can flag floated over the fifty-seven ocean steamers.
And -we never shall see our flag properly repre
sented upon the ocean until the people insist
npon the proper legislation for the building up
and xrotection of our shipping interests. Con
gress has the power to apply the remedy. Let
it act and -without delay.
The following is stated as the cost of some
celebrated modern buildings in Europe, reduced
to American dollars: The Paris Grand Opera
House, 8,000,000; the Paris Hotel de Ville,
$3,000,000; the Paris post-office, 6,000.000; the
Brussels Palais de Beaux-Arts, 600,000; the
Brussels Palais de Justice, 8.000,000 ; the Lon
don House of Parliament, S17,500,000 ; the Lon
don Foreign Office. 2,750,000 ; the London Law
Courts, exclusive of special fittings and not yet
Some interesting statistics of mortality among
railway travelers appear in French journals.
With commendable candor, France is given the
first, and of course least enviable, place on the
list, her railways killing annually one in every
2,000,000 passengers, and wounding one in every
half million. English railways kill one in every
5,250,000, but surpass those of France in minor
casualties, wounding one in every third of a
million. Belgian railways kill one and wound
one in every 9,000,000 and 2,000,000 respectively,
while Prussia only kills one in every 21.500,000,
and wounds one in everv 4,000,000. Roundlv
speaking, French railways kill five times as many
as English, English not quite twice as many as
Belgian, and Belgian nearer thrice than twice
as many as Prussia, which are much the least
fatal of the four.
In the next four months the commissions of
postmasters at about tive hundred presidential
offices will expire. President Arthur will have
the filling of the vacancies.
Ex-Attorney-General Williams is a candidate
for United States Senator from Oregon to succeed
Grover. Mr. Williams was formerly a member
of the Senate, and regarded by even such men
as Charles Sumner as one of the very best law
yers in that body.
The Springfield State Register makes mem
oranda to the following effect : Illinois ranks first
of any State in the Union in the amount of meat
packed, lumber traffic, malt and distilled liquors,
miles of railroad, and corn, wheat, rye, and oats
raised; third in the amount of coal mined ; fourth
in iron and steel manufactories ; fifth in printing
and publishing; fourth in potatoes and hay, and
twelfth in barley and tobacco ; first in horses and
hogs ; third in mules : fourth in cattle : fifth in
milch cows, and eleventh in sheep.
The production of cotton for the year ending
September 1, 1831, reaches the unprecedented
figure of 0,589,329 bales. This is an increase of
8152,000 bales over the crop of the previous year
and 1.515,000 bales over that of two years ago.
There are 13.000,000 cows in the United States.
This is more than is kept by any nation of Eu
rope, Germany having the highest, 8,902,221.
WHO IS MASON?
The St. Louis Republican, quoting Mr. If. V.
Niemcyer, a citizen of St. Louis, who recently re
turned from his old home in Norfolk, Va., declares
mat the real name of Mason, the soldier who
shot at Guitcau, is John Whitehurst. He was
horn in Portsmouth, Va., just across the river
from Norfolk, where his married sister and his
brother are still living. "At the commencement
of the rebellion John "Whitehurst, then a young
man, joined a company known as the Virginia
Defenders, and served a while in the Third Vir
ginia regiment. "When everything began to grow
dark for the Confederacy he deserted, and his
relatives knew nothing of him until sometime
after the close of the war, when he returned to
Portsmouth. He was not cordially received bv
his relatives, desertion being then considered
most disgraceful. He again disappeared, and
next heard of him was when hisjjroihersaw him
I among troops at Fortress Monroe. He had en
listed under the name of Mason, and, under that
name, as his brother learned afterward, was made
sergeant. After the news of his promotion, the
next definite information received of him by his
family was when he shot at Guitcau. Mr. Nie
meyer, who knew John "Whitehurst well, says
that there can be now doubt of his identity with
Mason. From his youth up he was of a harum
scarum, reckless disposition, and just the man to
make such an attempt.
REDUCTION IN THE PUBLIC DEBT,
The following is a recapitulation of the state
ment of the public debt of the United States for
the month of September, 1881 :
Bonds at G per cent, continued at &,
per cent 7 178,055,150 00
Bonds at 5 per cent, continued at &.
per cent 7 100,S69,950 00
Bonds at 5 per cent 10,829,350 00
Bonds at iy. per cent 250,000,000 00
Bonds at 4 per cent 738.710,850 00
Refunding certificates G3G,950 00
Xavy pension fund 14,000,000 00
Interest 14,075,3S9 00
Debt on "which interest
has ceased since
Debt bearing no interest
Old demand and legal-tender notes
Certificates of deposit
Gold and silver certificates 69,398,830 00
Fractional currency 7,098,506 02
Total 4ol,553,392 02
Unclaimed Pacific railroad interest 7,256 51
Total debt 2,034,695,237 2S
Interest 14,8-17,235 81
Total debt, principal and interest J-JLil'L09
Total cash in the Treasury 250,686,547 32
Debt, less cash in the Treasurv October
1, 1881 1,79S,855,925 77
Debt, leds cash in the Treasurv Septem
ber 1, 1881 1.816,339,567 43
Decrease of debt since "June so. issi"
T" nsiAOC?n nf sAltf rlitKino lir tttfiitili
Interest due and unpaid
Debt on which interest has ceased
Gold and silver certificates
United States notes held for redemp
tion of certificates of deposit
Cash balance available October 1, lSSl....
Total N250,6S6,r17 32
EX-SENATOR JOHN C. ABBOTT.
General John C Abbott. ex-United States
Senator from North Carolina, died on Saturday,
at Wilmington, in the fifty-seventh year of his
age. He was born in Concord, N. H., July 15,
1S25, and having studied law, was called to
the bar in 1852. From 1852 to 1857 he owned
and conducted the Manchester (X. H.) Guardian;
was quartermaster-general of militia from 1S55
to 1861, and in the latter year he raised a regi
ment of troops for the war, and was appointed
lieutenant-colonel. In 1S63 he was made colonel,
and in 1865 was brevetted a brigadier-general
for gallant services in the capture of Fort
Fisher, soon after which he settled in North
Carolina and engaged in the lumber business.
He was a delegate to the State constitutional
convention of 1867, was elected to the State
Legislature early in 1868. and in the same year
was elected a Senator in Congress for the term
ending in 1871, and served on the Committees
on Manufactures, Military Affairs, the Pacific
Railway, and Enrolled Bills.
Sixty-five members of the old Thirteenth Con
necticut met in New Haven last Aveek, and en
joyed a delightful Reunion. The attendance was
larger than for several years. Among those
present were Colonels Blinn, Sprague, and War
ner, Majors Wells and Perkins, and Captains
Cornwell, Schleiter, Baldwin, Averill, and others.
At the business meeting officers were elected for
the ensuing year: President. General H: W.
Birge; vice-presidents. Chaplain Henry Upson,
Colonel H. B. Sprague, and Captain C. II. Corn
well: secretary and treasurer. Captain J. C. Kin
ney, of Hartford: executive committee, Major N.
W. Perkins, of New 1 faven, Captain A. N. Sterry,
of New London, and the secretary. The dinner
was served at the Tontine, after which the asso-
t ciation returned to the hall and listened to excel
lent speeches from Chaplain Upson, Colonels
Sprague, Warner and Blinn, Majors Wells and
Perkins, Dr. Clary and others. It was voted to
republish the history of the regiment, Colonel
Sprague agreeing to revise it, and a finance com
mittee was appointed to provide for the expense.
The next Reunion will be held in New London
on the first Thursday of October, 1882.
The members of the Thirty-ninth Massachusetts
Volunteers held an annual Reunion at Woburn,
October 5. About 155 were present. The next
Reunion will be held at Natick.
AN OLD M. C. DIES.
John G. Floyd, twice a member of Congress
from Oneida county under the administrations of
Van Buren and Tyler, and again from Suffolk
county under Fillmore, and who -was a grandson
of William Floyd, a signer of the Declaration of
Independence, died recently in the old Floyd
mansion, at Mastic, L. I., in the seventy-seventh
year of his age. He represented Suffolk and
Queens counties in the first Senate convened un
der the Constitution of 1846. When practicing
his profession of a lawyer the late Mr. Floyd at
tained much prominence.
Iowa elects the
Republican State ticket by
SENATORS IN THE CITY.
The following Senators are in the city : Messrs
Johnston, of Virginia, 606 Thirteenth street, north
west ; Harris, of Tennessee, 515 Eleventh street
northwest; Morgan, of Alabama, 401 G street
northwest; Ingalls, of Kansas, 613 Thirteenth
street northwest; Pugh, of Alabama, 217 East
Capitol street; Jones, of Florida, 1116 G street
northwest ; McMillan, of Minnesota, Ebbitt House ;
Saunders, of Nebraska, Riggs House; Miller, of
California, 121S Connecticut avenue; Blair, of New
Hampshire, 205 East Capitol street; Teller, of
Colorado, 1011 M street northwest; Garland, of
Arkansas, 519 Second street northwest; Plumb,
of Kansas, National Hotel; Call, of Florida, Na
tional Hotel; Jones, of Nevada, corner of New
Jersey avenue and B street southeast; Vest, of
Missouri, 205 East Capitol street; Gorman, of
Maryland, 823 Fifteenth street northwest ; 1 fill
j of Georgia, 21 Grant Place ; Lamar, of Mississippi,
Metropolitan Hotel : McPherson, of New Jersey,
22 Lafayette Place: "Walker, of Arkansas, 519
Second street northwest: Davis and Camden, of
"West Virginia, Arlington Hotel; Pendleton, of
Ohio, Wormley's Hotel : Jonas, of Louisiana, Port
land Plats, corner Fourteenth street and Ver
mont avenue; Allison, of Iowa, "Wormley's Hotel ;
Morrill, of Vermont, "Wormley's Hotel ; Cameron,
of Pennsylvania, at the Attorney General's ; Mitch
ell, of Pennsylvania, Kiggs House; Butler, of
South Carolina, Metropolitan Hotel; Logan, of
Htinois, 812 Twelfth street northwest; Beck, of
Kentucky, Ebbitt House; Kellogg, of Louisiana,
Willard's Hotel : Bayard, of Delaware, "Wormley's
Hotel; Anthony and Aldrich (successor to late
Senator Burnside), of Rhode Island, Arlington
Hotel; Miller, of New York, Arlington Hotel;
Sawyer, of "Wisconsin, Arlington Hotel; Hill, of
Colorado, "Wormley's Hotel ; "Williams, of Ken
tucky, Riggs House; Frye, of Maine, Riggs
House ; Coke, of Texas, National Hotel ; Cockrell,
of Missouri, National Hotel; Groome, of Mary
land, "Willard's Hotel; Saulsbury, of Delaware,
Willard's Hotel ; McDill, of Iowa, Willard's Hotel .
Sewell, of New Jersey, Willard's Hotel ; Farley,
of California, Arlington Hotel : Lapham, of New
York, Arlington Hotel ; Ransom and Vance, of
North Carolina, Metropolitan Hotel; Piatt, of
Connecticut, Arlington Hotel; Hampton, of South
Carolina, Metropolitan Hotel; Davis, of Illinois,
National Hotel; Grover and Slater, of Oregon,
National Hotel; Conger and Ferry, of Michigan,
National Hotel ; Edgerton, of Minnesota, National
Hotel: Mahone, of Virginia, Portland Flats, Four
teenth street and Vermont avenue; George, of
Mississippi, Metropolitan Hotel.
UNION PRISONERS OF WAR,
The National Association of Union Prisoners
of War will hold its next meeting in Springfield,
Oct 19th and 20th. The Illinois State Associa
tion will also meet at the same time and place.
Arrangements have been made with railroads for
FROST DESTROYING CROPS.
The frost of Tuesday and Wednesday nights
of last week entailed heavy losses to many Long
Island farmers and forced them to hasten in
gathering the crops. Mostly all tender vegetables
and flowering plants left exposed were destroyed.
Great damage was done to the cranberry beds in
Suffolk county. Since the frost the worms, which
have made sad havoc with the cabbage, have
burrowed under the leaves and are now eating
the heads from underneath. The worms have
now attacked the turnips and the farmers are
using Paris green to destroy them, and cabbage
are given a top dressing of salt. Much fruit was
destroyed by the cold, the crop being light and
the warm weather holding on, growers deemed
it unsafe to store their orchard crops, and as a
result much has been lost.
THIS, THAT, AND THE OTHER.
The aggregate expenditures in the Post Office
Department for 1881 have been 39,251,736.46, and
the receipts 36,785,397.97, leaving a deficiency
of 2,466,388.49. The deficiency for the previous
year was 2,786,240.96, showing a deduction in
the deficiency for the year of 320,002.47. The
sales of postage stamps, stamped envelopes, wrap
pers, and postal cards for the year amount to 34,
835,745.10, an increase of 3,341,624.95 over the
It has been decided that the monument to
General Burnside shall be an equestrian statue,
and that it shall be set up in Providence. Citi
zens of Bristol, R. I., offered to contribute from
5,000 to 10,000 providing the statue was erected
Surgeon -General Barnes has appointed Dr.
Hawkes, who prepared the Garfield boys for Wil
liams College, an acting assistant surgeon in the
army. During the late President's illness, and at
a time when he was expected to recover, he re
quested the Surgeon-General to make the appoint
ment. It is reported that President Garfield made
the request before he died that President Arthur
appoint Col. A. F. Rockwell Quartermaster-Gen
eral of the Army. Other similar reports will be
published so soon as received.
Secretary Blaine is said to have agreed to write
a biography of the late President for a Hartford
publishing house. The publishers, however,
wanted the copy within six months, and for that
reason the project fell through.
A Berlin dispatch says : Herr Krupp has con
tracted for the delivery in America of 15,000 tons
more of steel rails.
The Portugese court goes into four days' mourn
ing for the late President Garfield.
The Journal de St. Petersburg (official), com
menting on the reports relative to an international
convention for the extradition of political crimi
nals, says: "The Russian government has no in
tention of exercising a pressure on any quarter.
It regards the action of such criminals against
society as threatening all States alike, and, there
fore, thinks that defensive measures against the
scourge should be collective. Russia has invited
all the other governments interested to come to
an arrangement. As a matter of course, each
power is at liberty to act as the circumstances of
its legislative institutions require. From a moral
point of view, however, the maintenance of social
order is a matter that concerns all civilized
SOLDIERS' REUNION AT NEW HAVEN.
The Army and Navy Club of Connecticut was
started in the spring of 1879 by some twenty old
soldiers, who met in response to a circular invit
ing the co-operation of those who favored an or
ganization which would be open to Union vete
rans of the State, wherever residing now, and to
those of other States now residing in Connecticut.
It has no regard to regimental, department, or
corps divisions, nor to State lines, except as stat
ed. With no effort at recruiting, it has grown
until its membership now reaches nearly three
hundred, and includes representatives of every
State organization which served in the Union
Army, of the Navy, of every great army corps,
and of a dozen other States. General Edward
Harland. of Norwich, was the first president, and
was succeeded a year ago by General William B.
Franklin. The first and second Reunions were
held at Fenwick, and were largely attended, and
afforded great enjoyment. A special meeting
was held in New Haven on the evening of Battle-Flag
day, and a winter Reunion on the 22d
of last February.
The third meeting -was held October 7at the
New Haven House with the largest attendance
ever had. The business meeting took place in
the parlor at 8 o'clock, General Franklin presid
The following officers were elected for the en
suing year :
President, Gen. J. R. Hawley ; vice-presidents,
Col. Daniel C. Rodman, Groton ; General F. S.
Greeley, New Haven ; Colonel CD. Blinn, New
Milford; and Captain V. B. Chamberlain, New
Britain ; secretary and treasurer, Captain J. C.
Kenney, Hartford ; secretary executive commit
tee, the president; secretary, Colonel J. W.
Knowlton, of Bridgeport ; General L. A. Dick
inson, of Hartford ; and Colonel F. D. Sloat, of
Colonel Homer B. Sprague delivered an elo
quent oration of about three-quarters of an hour
on the " Poet Soldiers ;" referring to the military
spirit in literature.
The dinner followed in the dining room of the
hotel, and was an excellent one. The only in
vited guests were Governor Bigelow and staff.
When the cigars were brought on, General E.
S. Greeley, toast master, called to order, and the
speaking began, the responses being interspersed
by songs under the lead of Colonel Charles A.
Jewell. The principal toasts were as follows :
1. The Memory of President Garfield Re
sponse by Captain V. B. Chamberlain (7 C. V.)
in the unavoidable absence of General Hawley.
2. The President of the United States Re
sponse by Colonel David Torrance, of Birming
ham. 3. The State of Connecticut Response by Lieutenant-Governor
William H. B. Bulkely.
4. The City of New Haven General F. D.
5. The Army and Navy Club General Frank
lin. 6. The Struggle for the Union Major B. P.
7. The Army Response by Colonel Homer B.
Sprague, of Boston.
8. The Navy Sherman W. Adams. Esq.
9. The Rank and File Captain A. D. Beers.
10. Our Dead Comrades General E. Blakes
lee. 11. Comrades of Other States Response by
Professor John E. Clark, of Yale.
The responses were altogether appropriate and
well received, and the society adjourned at a late
hour to meet again at the next anniversary of
SLOW AND EXPENSIVE.
A naval officer sends us a very 5trong protest
against the statement made that the Lancaster is
"a masterpiece of naval architecture." He says:
"The Lancaster, now off Staten Island, has been
visited by a number of naval officers, and the
general opinion is that she is a very great failure
in all respects, save her battery, which is modern.
Her speed is under ten knots, a most ridiculous
result in these days. She is nominally a ram,
but as her motive power will not enable her to
overtake any modern vessel, it is a little difficult
to see how the ram can be brought into play.
Liiu uiuiuucuuiuuii ui nci vjiitJiu jiuu UlUCcIa
quarters is of the barber-shop style. I beg par
don most barber shops in these days are orna
mented in good taste the ornamental work of
the Lancaster is loud and vulgar to the last de
gree. I am told it will all be painted over shortly,
yet it has cost the Government a mint of money,
and the ship herself, as she stands, has depleted
the United States Treasury to the tune of over
a million dollars. That is, I am told, a modest
estimate. And what is she, after all? A wooden
ship with the speed of a canal boat ! If we must
have wooden ships, at least let us have ships like
the Trenton and Vandalia, which have respectable
The New York Herald reports that Admiral
Porter has transmitted to the Navy Department,
with a vigorous indorsement of his own, the
report of the Board appointed to inspect the
Lancaster. The Board are dissatisfied with the
engines of the vessel. In one case a slide valve
required fourteen men of the engineer force o
open and shut it, and this is now being removed
to be replaced by one designed in 1863 and used
in the Navy during the rest of the war. The
one now being put in can be worked by two men.
The Board also finds great fault with the mannar
in which the battery is mounted on board. Special
carriages for the ten-inch and eight-inch rifles
were designed by the Ordnance Bureau, with the
pnuematic buffers and slides, and were built at
a Boston iron company's works and at the Wash
ington Navy-yard from the drawings furnished
and at great cost. The Board reports on these
that they take so much room on the gun deck that
there is actually no room to manamvre the whole
battery at once, and it is almost impossible to
work the ship on the same account. Fault is
also found with the ship in other ways, but
Captain Ghcrardi and the executive officer, Lieutenant-Commander
Casper F. Goodrich, are com
mended for the drill and discipline of the crew
and the appearance of the ship. Army and Navy
The United States Court of Claims will con
vene on the last Monday in November.
The distinguished visitors from France, Connt
Rochambeau and party, were visited soon after
their arrival in New York by committees from
the Chamber of Commerce, Guard Lafayette, and
Historical Society, who tendered a banquet to
them. It was accepted, but the date was not
fixed, and it will not take place until after they
return from Yorktown. The party next visited
the Union Club, after which they were shown the
practical workings of the fire department.
The President has recognized Domenico Ginoc
chio as consular agent of Italy at St. Louis, Mo. ;
Francisco Spies, consul of Ecuador at New York:
Alexander Olorowsky, consul general of Russia
at San Francisco; C. Wilson, consul of Denmark
at San Francisco; A. .1. Landauer, consul of Bel
gium at New Orleans: Francis Wells, consul of
Paraguay at Philadelphia.
Mr. Le Due's tea farm turns out to be even a
greater failure than was at tirst supposed. For
the 15,000 put into the venture the Government
has an iron safe which cost -100 and some no
Mrs. Jennie McGraw Fiske, who lately died at
Ithaca, left a fortune of 12,000,000. She was
building a residence to cost 2,000,000, intending
to make it the finest in the United States. While
in Europe last year she was married to Professor
Fiske, of Cornell University.
Practical jokers at Hemlock Lake, New York,
waylaid a guest supposed to be a boastful cow
ard while he was riding through the woods with
a young lady. They demanded his money or his
life, and what one got was a bullet in his body,
while the other was rewarded with a broken arm.
General William B. Franklin, of Hartford, Con
necticut, is a great-grandson of Captain Jonas
Simonds, of the artillery at Yorktown.
Mr. Walker Blaine, the son of the Secretary,
intends, it is reported, to be a candidate for nomi
nation to Congress in the Third District of Maine
Senator Aldrich, of Rhode Island, is Grand
Commander of the Knights Templars of Mas
sachusetts and Rhode Island.
President Arthur has asserted that the whole
year's salary of the President's office shall go to
Mrs. Garfield. He will thus serve the Govern
ment for six months without pay. His gift is the
largest and noblest that has yet been contributed
to the fund. Kingston (A7". Y.) Freeman.
Mr. Reuben Clements, the last survivor of the
company of Petersburg volunteers in the war of
1S12, died Thursday night at his residence in
Petersburg in the ninety-first year of his age.
A gentleman in Richmond advertises for con
federate bonds, and offers the following rates:
One dollar for 1,000 bonds, fifty cents for 500
bonds, and twenty-five cents per hundred stamps.
Additional reports from the tobacco sections
confirm to the fullest extent the information of
the disastrous effects of the recent frost on the
crops. Letters and telegrams received on Satur
day state that very little of the crop had been
housed, and all that was out was more or less in
jured, much of it killed outright. This has had
the effect of causing holders to withdraw their
stocks in large measure from the market.
The Governor of Pennsylvania, accompanied
by his staff, the members of the Legislature,
judges of the Supreme and lower courts, the
mayors of the various cities of the State, and the
Pennsylvania National Guard, numbering 700
men, will leave Philadelphia on Tuesday, Octo
ber 18, for Yorktown on board the steamer Gal
eatea, arriving at the latter place the following
day. The militia will go into camp at York
town, but the Governor and party will remain on
It is said that a New York company has paid
750 for the exclusive privilege of selling news
papers on the Temple farm grounds, Yorktown.
A photographer paid 400 for the privilege of
operating his instruments on the grounds. Other
privileges have been sold by the association for
Another of the great patent monopolies of the
country the McKay leather sewing machine
has expired, having been in operation since 1S60.
The number of pairs of shoes made in America
by this machine is estimated at 500,000,000, and
of late years nine-tenths of all the shoes made in
the United States have paid tribute to this pat
ent, the personal income of the inventor of the
machine Inning been about 1,000,000 yearly.
In no country are inventors so fully given the
benefit of their labors as in America.
The survivors of the Forty-seventh regiment
Pennsylvania Volunteers are to hold a Reunion
at Easton, on the 20th of October.
The men who robbed a passenger train on the
Iron Mountain Railroad pleaded guilty to four
teen indictments, making the term of punish
ment seventy-seven years for each man.
The following army officers have been ordered
for duty on the staff of Major-General Hancock
during the Yorktown celebration: Lieutenant
Colonels H. F. Clarke, W. D. Craighill, A. J. Per
ry, and C. G. Sawtelle; Majors W. G. Mitchell,
Richard Arnold, A. B. Garner, and H. C. Corbin :
Captains S. S. Wharton, J. P. Sanger, and L. C.
Forsyth ; First Lieutenants T. H. Barber, Eugene
Grffin, E. M. Cobb, G. S. L. Ward, H. W. Hub
bell, jr.; and assistant Surgeon H. S. Turrill.
The first A'ignette of the late President which
will appear among the Treasury issues will be
upon the checks for the six per cent, bonds con
tinued at 3A per cent. These checks embrace the
first issue which can be utilized for that purpose.
In the Post-Office Department the vignette of the
late President will be placed upon the five-cent
On Friday the French and German visitors on
their way to Yorktown were received at the Capi
tol as the Nation's guest. The District militia,
together with various civic societies, turned out
to extend a befitting welcome to the illustrious
strangers. The visit of our French and German guests to
the Monumental City on tlie 10th and 11th inst.
was made the occasion of a grand procession and
illumination, with tableau, scarcely ever before
equaled in this country. An immense concourse
of spectators witnessed the magnificent spectacle,
which passed off pleasantly and without accident.