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'TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
WASHINGTON, D. C, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1881. NEW SERIES. V-1., N. 10.
THE GATLING GUN.
AT GARNETT'S, JUNE 27th AND 28th, 1862.
StuWwrn FigLtlnar and a Rebel Repine Who Had
Charge of the Gatlincs A Detachment of.
the 49th Pa. Claims the Honor.
Correspondence of The National Tribunk.
Philadelphia, Pa.. October 17, 1881.
In The National Tribune of September 10
"several old soldiers" ask when and where "Gat
ling " guns were first used in the Army of the
Potomac, and an invitation is given for any one
having knowledge of the facts to furnish a sketch
of the battle in which they were used.
Now, I am glad that such a request has been
made, because the battles in which I know they
were used have been generally ignored, or at best
lightly treated by the historians of the rebellion.
I speak of the engagements of the 27th and 28th
of June, 1802, on the rigid or south bank of the
I will avoid using the various names by which
these battles are known to thoe who are aware
that they actually occurred, because of their di
versity, and will speak of them by date only. I
have been told more than once that there was no
fighting on the south side of the stream on those
two days, but I hope to prove by eminent author
ity that Golding's farm during that period was
quite as unhealthy as the celebrated " Kid well
bottoms" of your beautiful Capital. Jleadley
makes no mention of a light on the right bank
on the 27th, but says " the 28th was a quiet day
to lxth armies, so far as hostilities were con
cerned." Greeley is equally reticent as to the
27th, and copies eleven short lines from General
McClel Imfs report about the 2-th, wherein, by
the way, the General gics credit to the Twenty
third N. Y. regiment which rightfully belonged
to the Thirty-third X. Y. Lossiug says nothing
about a light on the 27th, and describes the bat
tle of the 28th as
A ' LITTLE FLURRY."
Abbott ignores both lights. Victor speaks only
of the 23th, and as follows: iJA furious artillery
assault, -' '' a dash of two regiments to
possess and hold the intrenchments of General
Smith," &c '
After this showing I commence my uaru,"
whereby I hope to render a mite of justice to the
men who fought on the south bank on those two
days and whose services have been so generally
ignored by our great historians. I hope also that
wry crude attempt in this direction may induce
some one more able to write vou a better article
on the subject
About the middle of June, 1862, certainly not
later, and before we crossed the Chiekahominy,
two Gatling guns made their appearance in the
Forty-ninth Pennsylvania regiment, Hancock's
brigade, Smith's division, Franklin's (Sixth)
Corps. I will not be positive, after so many
jears have elapsed, but I think the- were a pres
ent from the State of Pennsylvania.
Two sergeants and six privates were detailed
for duty with them, and your correspondent
was one of the party. About the 18th of June,
in the afternoon, we started to cross the stream;
when about one-third of the way over we were
met by the Due de Chartres with orders from
General McClellan to turn back everything on
wheels, as a portion of the bridge had been
swept away. The next day, in the afternoon,
we passed safely over. On- Thursday, the 26th
of June, the "Gatlings" received their baptism
of fire. While our main body on the north
bank of the stream was engaged in the battle
of Mechanicsville the enemy commenced a
spirited cannonade on our division, which lay at
Golding's farm on the south bank, nearly oppo
site Dr. Gaines's residence. I do not propose to
enlarge on tiiis day's work, although it caused
mourning in more than one loyal family of the
KILLKD AND WOUNDED SEVERAL HOUSES,
but will pa.s immediately on to the morning
of Friday, June 27. We still occupied Golding's
iann, but were pushed much nearer the rebel
lines, and their artillery commenced on us early J
in the day, and by 10 o'clock there was quite
aiunous cannonade, which continued, with slight
intermissions, ail day. in tbe evening the per
formance was varied by an infantry assault on
our brigade. We drove them back, but they
kept up a continual fire until nearly midnight.
In this fight I lost an intimate friend and com
rade, and assisted to bury him and another man
of my regiment. How many were killed and
wounded I am unable to say.
In Moore's Rebellion Record will be found the
following in relation to tbe 27th: ''Smith's
division at Golding's and Sedgwick's on his left
'oied the most sensitive points on the whole
- unce Fair Oaks. Hancock's and
s's brigades held the most exposed lines,
former had taken a critical position in front
" s intrenchments with a strong battery. He
hardly received the message sent to him by
. ral Burns (relative to a movement on his
;f) before a rebel battery of heavy guns
,v ed a furious storm of shell upon him; a
- n aent later a strong brigade pounced upon
pickets, pressed them in irresistibly, and
Ix-bed at his battery. Smith's bat-
i""A were hurling shells fast and furious and
- rebel guns were bowling away as merrily.
The air was filled with bursting shells and
suffused with sulphurous smoke, while the forests
were obscured with musket mist, Han
VICTORIOUS AFTER A BITTER BATTLE."
General McClellan, in his report of the battle
of that dav, savs :" Batteries in front
of General Smith's line helped to
drive back the euemy in front of General Porter.
So threatening were the movements of the enemy
on both banks of the Chiekahominy that it was
impossible to decide until the afternoon where
the real attack would be made."
General Franklin says: ''The enemy opened
early on the morning of the 27th, and there was
very severe cannonading, with thirtv jnins on
each side, I should judge lasting about an hour.
, - About dark two brigades of the infantry
I attacked General Hancock's brigade", which was
in position as the advance of the picket line. He
had a sharp engagement for about three-quarters
of an hour, when the enemy was driven back.
We had a brisk cannonading for most of
Jenkin and Norton, in their life of Gen. Han
cock, write as follows of this fight : " His brigade,
in conjunction with 'several other regiments and
some batteries of artillery, repelled a strongattack
of the enemy,
THE BRIGADE LOST HEAVILY."
I could quote more authorities, but imagine you
have enough. On the 28th we were assigned a
position with the "Gatlings" outside our in
trenchments on the face of the hill in front of
i Fort Davidson, which stood on the blulT near to.
and on the south side of, tbe Chiekahominy, and
within a short distance of our position on the
preMous uay. a iew companies oi tnc imrry
third N. Y. and a few of the Forty-ninth Pennsyl
vania were ordered out to feel for the enemv, and
we were directed by Colonel Taylor, of the Thirty
third K.Y.j who was officer- of the day. to cover the
retreat of our skirmishers back to the main line,
which lay to the left and rear of our position ; this
we did, and stayed there until we were the last
command of the Army of the Potomac, as a whole,
to leave the banks of the Chiekahominy. when,
both horses being wounded, we retired in good
order. Now, I wish to say in regard to that day's
work up to about noon, that I have been in many
-severe engagements, but T ih,n:k th i'jie.'s.sfLlliaT.
hill was audit as warm a place that morning as
could be found this side of well, Cairo; stand
ing, as avc did. on the slope, all the shot and shell
that came near to us could be distinctly seen t
under fire from three different points. I'll give you j
my word that the land in that neighborhood was
ready for the seed when night carue. and the men
of Smith's division knew that they had been in a
fight that day.
But I must go back to our skirmishers. As
they emerged from the edge of the timber, retreat
ing and firing, we could see from our exalted po-
sitinn tliM rflu1e 111 fnrm frill nwiiitr flmm c1yw.-1a
and each man taking shelter behind a tree as he j
came to the open ground. Our boys having to cross
a low, swampy piece of land between the enemy
and us, the shots fired at them generally passed
over their heads and struck the face of the hill
NEAR THE " GATLINGS."
A section of artillery was stationed up the
stream, say about a half mile, and these guns
were firing pieces of iron which made a noise
something like a nail thrown by the hand, and
we supposed it to be railroad iron; however, they
all fell short and did us no damage; they served,
though, to keep up their share of the general
racket. Artillery was also posted on Gaines's
Hill and kept warm for our benefit. Our skir
mishers passed slowly across the open amidst this
terrific fire, giving the rebs. in the edge of the
timber as good as they sent, and took position on
our left with their respective brigades. Pretty
soon the enemy, enboldened by their success in
driving in our pickets and skirmishers, made a
grand charge on our division ; they were hand
somely repulsed ; they charged again and were
again driven back; a third time, and with renewed
shouts and terrible earnestness, they strove to
drive us back and a third time they were repulsed
with great loss.
Ask the survivors of that charge if there was a
battle on that day on the south side of the stream.
1 quote again from .Moore's Rebellion Record:
"About 9 o'clock an awful cannonade was opened
on Smith's position from two forts in Garnett's
field, a battery at Fitz John Porter's old position
and another below it on the left bank of the
Chickuhominy. The fire was terrible.
General McClellan says ' the enemy opened on
Smith's division from Garnett's Hill, from the
valley above, and from Gaines's Hill on the oppo
site .side.' "
General Davidson reports " The conduct of the
Thirty-third N. Y., Forty-ninth Pennsylvania,
and the Seventh Maine under this terrible con
centrated fire was ail that could be
After the ''Gatlings" left the field 1 rejoined
my regiment, and did not see them again until
we arrived at Harrison's Lauding. From this
place 1 think they were sent back to Pennsyl
vania, and this is all I know about Gatling guns.
It seems strange to me that no one ever ac
knowledged the services of these guns. It surely
was some one's duty to report them, but as yet I
have never read a line about them, official or
otherwise. One of Hancock's Brigade.
OLD WORLD NEWS.
WHAT THE OLD WORLD SAYS TO THE NEW.
Sale of the Great Eastern Unhappy Ireland Trial of
the Nlhilibtfl The Pope Complains of His
Imprisonment in tlio Vatican.
Ireland. It is stated that the Dublin author
ities contemplate arrests in, Belfast and other
parts of the North of Ireland. Messrs. Sexton,
Dillon, and O'Brien are charged with being rea
onably suspected of treasonable practices. Mr.
Synam, organizer of the King's and Queen's coun
ties and of the Westmeath Leagues ; Mr. White,
secretary of the Clara League ; and Henry Egan.
secretary of the Tullamore League, have been ar
rested and lodged in Naa's jail.
There are 23 persons in the Limerick Hospital
with baj'onet wounds. ?
Eleven men, returning from working a "boy
cotted " farm near Portorlington, were fired upon,
and five were wounded, one of them seriously.
This is the affair that led to the arrest of An
drew and Patrick Gallagher,' on suspicion of fir
ing the shots, as before mentioned.
The fifty-second regiment has been ordered to
Riots renewed at Dublin and Limerick. Two
The trial of the four Nihilists, members of the
Black Division, who were indicted for secretly
printing a revolutionary pajier. has terminated.
The women Krielova and Plankoff and Prikhod-
ko were exiled to Tobolsk, .and Perenletckkoff
I senteuce(1 to four m0ths' imprisonment.
The Fall Mall Gazette says that if the Land act
fails, a new system of government must be pro
Xosed for Ireland.
The Pope complains Qf his imprisonment in
The Irish Land League has issued a manifesto
advising tenants to iay no more rent.
Riots are reported as continuing in Dublin and
other parts of Ireland.
The Paris correspondent, "of the Times says :
''The eighty-seventh anniversary of the execu
tion of Mftr'e Antoinette, .Sljich occurred on the
P-vnst. was cf-lebratod at"'menftipeihr Expia
toire." The Mandard1 Rome despatch says : "A meet
ing between Prince Bismarck and M. Gambetta
(jt fa;e pia.e
Emneror William and Prince
Bismarck have offered the Pope an asylum a
The Berlin correspondent of the Standard says:
" Herr von Hobrecht, ex-Minister of Finance, has
formally taken stand against the government,
and is especially fighting against the tobacco
The British steamship giant Great Eastern is to
be sold at auction next month, unless previously
dip0Se(1 of at Private
HOME NEWS ITEMS.
Guiteau's defense will be insanitv. His coun
sel, Mr. Scoville, has as yet not succeeded in
securing the services of another attorney to assist
in the case. Dr. Hammond will not be a witness.
General Hazen is hunting after the Professor
Land frauds have been discovered in the Gen
eral Land Office.
Mr. J. H. Rainey, colored, formerly member of
Congress from South Carolina, is a candidate for
the clerkship of the House of Representatives.
It is rumored that President Arthur will an
nounce his new Cabinet early next week.
Ben Butler has declined to act as counsel for
Jfowgate is in a bad way.
Great Hoods reported in the west.
A plain, unpretending granite shaft marks the
last resting place of Commodore Oliver Hazard
Perry, the hero of the battle of Lake Erie. It is
proposed to place a more imposing monument over
his grave at once.
Lieutenant General Sheridan, President of the
Society of the Army of the Cumberland, has, in
accordance with a resolution of that society, ap
pointed the following-named members of the
society a committee to take measures for the erec
tion of a monument to the late President Garfield
by the society: General James Barnett, of Cleve
land, chairman; General J. C. Smith, Chicago;
General A. G. McCook, New York; Colonel n. C.
Corbin, Washington; General W. A. Robinson,
Pittsburg; General A. B. Underwood, Boston;
Lieutenant John Ruhm, Nashville ; General Henry
M. Cist, Cincinnati, and General J. G. Parkhurst,
General F. D. Sloat, accompanied by a number
of the members of Admiral Foote Post, G, A. R.,
visited Colchester, Conn., last week for the pur
pose of organizing in that town a Post of the or
der. At the Reunion of the First New York Veteran
Cavalry in Elmira, N. Y., two comrades met who
had not seen or heard from each other since they
parted outside the gate of Andersonville prison,
where they had been confined for eight months.
The excursion of Lincoln Post, No. 140, G. A.
R., of Shamokin, Pa., to Philadelphia, last week,
was very successful.
RIOTS IN IRELAND.
Serious riots are reported in Ireland. They
are more remarkable for the temper they indi
cate than for the damages they accomplished.
At Dublin the police ran amuck, charging windy
orators at the Nelson Pillar, knocking out of
them both wind and oratory, upsetting the pro
prietor of a respectable hotel and shattering the
eyeglass of an unoffending member of Parlia
ment At Limerick matters were much graver,
and tho notice which Mr. Eagan sent to Mr.
Forster, saying that the soldiers there stationed
would take the first opportunity to fire on the
people, came very near fufillment. Fortunately
the brunt of the battle fell' on the police, who
charged and charged again without dispersing
the mob. Showers of stones drove them back to
their barracks, and then the Scots Greys tried in
vain to clear the streets. Slates were thrown
from the housetops, missiles of every kind were
hurled, houses were wrecked, several of the con
stabulary were wounded, arrests were made, and
at last, after prolonged fighting, the combatants
separated for the night in a state of bitter exasperation.
A DISASTROUS WEEK,
The Herald's London correspondent under date
of October 17, says :
One hundred and thirty British and foreign
vessels were wrecked la3t week, being an increase
of 104 over the previous week. The approximate
value of the property lost is 8,000,000, of which
the sum of 6,000.000 represents the British
losses. Eighty-live vessels, principally British,
were lost off the coast of' the United Kingdom
during the great gale, against only twenty wrecks
in the early part of the week in all parts of the
world. One hundred and thirty-eight persons
were reported lost or missing. Accounts received
subsequent to the compilation of these statistics
state that down to last evening fiftv-nine fisher
men belonging to Burnmouth and Eyemouth are
known to have been drowned, and that 140 oth
ers belonging to both places are missing. News
has reached Berwick that several boats which it
was feared had been lost during the late hurri
cane took refuge at May Island, in the Frith of
Forth. The gale of last Friday extended to Paris,
Havre, Dieppe and Calais, and to Germany.
Great damage and loss of life throughout NortTi
Germany resulted from the late gale. The river
Elbe rose twelve feet above its normal level and
is covered with wreckage. Several vessels were
stranded at Altona. The loss of petroleum is.
enormous. Five German vessels were wrecked
at Bremen and some members of their crew were
THE CAMPAIGN IN TUNIS.
The London Times7 correspondent at Tunis
says : "As well as an advance upon Kairouan it
will be the endeavor of the French to surround
the insurgents in Northern Tunis by a combined
movement under General St Jean from Testour,
Beja and Kef. The preparations for the Kairou
an expedition are altogether out of proportion to
the avowed object. There are some hundreds of
ambulance wagons at Manouba. The commis
sariat alone has engaged two thousand carts."
Arabs yesterday attacked Mornak, close to the
city of Tunis, pillaging the neighboring farms
General Toregot has decided to repair and pro
tect the railway immediately. General Sabatier
has defeated the insurgents in a second battle.
A French column has left Tebessa, Algeria, for
South Tunis. The insurgents lost 800 killed af
ter six hours' fighting in the engagement on Fri
day last between General Sabatiers column and
Arabs in the neighborhood of Zaghonan. The
military authorities have decided to occupy
WHO EARLY IS.
Havana, December 18, 1S65.
Having seen it stated in several papers pub
lished in the United States that I am an appli
cant for pardon, I desire to say through your
columns that there is no truth whatever in the
statement. I have neither made nor authorized
such application, and would not accept a pardon
from the President of the United States if gratu
itously tendered me without conditions or re
strictions of any kind. I have not given a parole
or incurred any obligation to the authorities of
the United States, and I utterly disclaim all alle
giance to or dependence upon the Government of
that country. I am a voluntary exile from my
own country, because I am not willing to submit
to the foreign yoke imposed upon it. All the
declarations attributed to me which are inconsist
ent with the above statement are entirely with
out foundation, and I hope there will be no fur
ther misapprehension jus to my position.
(Signed) Jubal A. Early.
The files of the New York News, issued about
January 1, 1866, contains this remarkable letter,
and its genuineness will not admit of a doubt.
THE CENSUS OF NEW MEXICO.
Census bulletin No. 267 furnishes the following
totals of the results of the first count of the pop
ulation of the Territory of New Mexico, complete:
Population, 119,565; male, 61,496; female, 55,
069 , native, 111,514 ; foreign, 8,051 ; white. 108,
721 ; colored, 10,8-11. The Indian and half-breed
population numbers 9,790, and the Chinese, 56.
SCANTY PREPARATION FOR VISITORS.
Insufficient AcconimoilutionH High Pries, Dnst, aad
Discomfort A Reception by the Governor of
Virginia Laying the Corner-Stone.
Contrary to public expectation the Yorktown
Centennial celebration turned out to be, on the
whole, an unsatisfactory affair. There seems to
have been no adequate preparations made for the
reception of visitors or even of invited guests.
Nor was there proper attention paid to the dis
tinguished arrivals. President Arthur and his
suite found no one present to welcome them, nor
did Secretary Blaine and the French guests ac
companying him. 'These latter, after waiting
at the wharf for some time in expectation of
being conducted to the places assigned them to
witness the laying of the corner-stone on Tues
day, returned to their vessels in evident disgust:
There was also a want of harmony among the
invited guests from abroad, the French and Ger
man visitors keeping aloof from each other as
much as possible.
The dedicatory ceremonies were witnessed by
all the prominent invited guests except Secretary
Blaine and the Frenchmen, who were absent for
the reason stated above. During the morning
of the 18th the Governor of Virginia held a re
ception, at which many distinguished persons
were present. There was much comment, how
ever, over the fact that few prominent repre
sentative men from the South were present, nor
were there many ladies from anv section of the
About noon the crowd moved to the stand
where the services were to be held, and after a
prayer the Governor of Virginia delivered
THE ADDRESS OF WELCOME,
after which the Masonic fraternity went through
with their part according to programme. There
was a manifest feeling of relief experienced- by
all when the ceremonies were at an end.
There were between 10,000 and 15,000 people
present. The remainder of the day was spent by
the soldiers in parades and drills, and by others
in strolling about sight seeing.
In spite of a slight rain in the morning the
weather afterVarfo be
exceedingly dusty, making it decidedly uncom
fortable to pedestrians.
Some of the soldiers also became disorderly,
causing frequent disturbances. The Ninth Mas
sachusetts appeared very much dissatisfied, and
did not conduct themselves, as a body, in a man
ner becoming to themselves or the State they
At night there was a fine display of
from the shipping, which served somewhat to
distract attention from the personal discomforta
of those who witnessed it
Great complaint was made from the start, by
those attending the celebration, on account of the
vast number of side-shows, catch-penny contriv
ances, gamblers, &c, &c, admitted to the ground.
The police from Richmond made some effort to
drive these all from camp, but did not altogether
succeed, although they somewhat bettered the
situation. Another imposition practiced upon
visitors was the exhorbitant prices charged for
lodging and food, as high as twenty dollars per
day being demanded for even the poorest accom
modations. On the whole, it is doubtful if any
of those who were present will ever desire to at
tend another gathering under similar auspices.
The military parade on Thursday, and the na
val review on Friday, were commendable, con
sidering the small number of troops present, and
the poverty of the Navy of the United States.
DEATH OF CAPTAIN M'CREA.
Captain E. P. McCrea, commanding the tlagship
Tennessee, died suddenly of apoplexy at York
town, on Friday of last week, and the remains
were taken to the Norfolk Naval hospital for
burial. Captain McCrea was a native of New
York, where his wife and children now are. He
was appointed from Wisconsin, entered the ser
vice October 16, 1849, and was thus in the Navy
thirty-two years, lacking two days, when he died.
His last cruise ended July, 1876. He was a mem
ber of the Board of Inspection.
IMMIGRATION LAST MONTH.
During the month of September there arrived
in the customs districts of Baltimore, Boston,
Detroit, Huron, Minnesota, New Orleans New
Y'ork, Passamaquoddy, Philadelphia, aad San
Francisco, 69,92-1 passengers of whom 58,452,
were immigrants, 8,330 citizens of the United
States returned from abroad, and 3,092 aliens not
intending to remain in the United States, Of
this total number of immigrants, there arrived
from England and Wales, 8,997; Jreland, 5,633; .
Scotland, 1,971; Austria, 1,043; Belgium, 241;
Denmark, 460; France, 613; Germany, 19,608;.
Hungary, 490; Italy, 1,162; Netherlands, 548;
Norway, 1,953; Poland, 195; Russia, TO; Sweden,
3,703; Switzerland, 866; Dominion of Canada,
8,710 ; China, 976 ; and from, all other countries,.
There are, in the world, about 1,100,000 miles of
telegraph wire, cat including ocean cables.