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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, OCTOBER 22, 1881.
The National Tribune
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURPAY.
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tion or rebellion, shall not be questioned." sec. 4, art.
XIV, Constitution of the United States.
Z&irni t the Vh:nstoo City Fotrt-OSSce u Hcad-e!us mUUr.
WASHINGTON, D. C, OCTOBER 22, 16S1.
The next issue of The National Tribune
will contain a finely executed cut of Libby
Prison, in which so many Union soldiers were
incarcerated during the late war of the rebellion.
Senator Mahone has declined to light
a duel with that old he-scold, Jubal A. Early,
and is to be commended for his determination.
Those who know Jubal can but feel that, if he
was ever of any account, he has long since out
lived, his usefulness, and the best thing he can
now do is to hate himself to death as speedily as
The National Tribune has in course of
preparation a series of articles upon the explosion
of the mine at Petersburg, and including, also, an
account of the battle of Antietam in 1S62.
Congress appropriated $100,000 toward erect
ing a suitable monument atYorktown over a
prlotogra'ph of rebel Hags, a Virginia real estate
advertising sheet, and three 100 bills of the
defunct Jeff Davis confederacy.
"When it shall come to pass in the world's his
tory that the monument to be erected at York
town crumbles into dust, revealing to curious
eyes the contents of the box deposited beneath
its corner-stone, the historians of that far-off
period will doubtless wonder at the magnanimity
of a government that could freely donate $100,
000 towards perpetuating the memory of a
bloody and causeless rebellion against its very
: " Vahgikyah honah, sah," is being satisfied at
the rate of two or three duels per day, but, strange
as it may appear to some, there Is no blood shed.
They are carefnl not to hurt each other. Those
who bqlieve in the code-duello certainly ought to
have sufficient bravery to keep them from mak
ing laughing-stocks of themselves.
The Yorktown Monument Association should
have included, among, the articles deposited .in
the corner-stone, a photograph of the rebel Gen
eral .Tubal A. Early superintending the drawing
of the Louisiana State Lottery; also pictures of
Andersonville, Libby Prison, and Belle Isle.
It is stated upon what appears to be good au
thority that Postmaster-General James and Attorney-General
MacVeagh have declined- to stay in
the Cabinet unless they can unconditionally re
main as new members and without any under
standing 'that they are to withdrawals soon as
the' Star-route cases have been disposed of.
This is just what might "be expected of two
such distinguished reformers.
So SOON jus the bogus money and photographs
of the rebel flags had been safely deposited in
the corner-stone of the Yorktown Monument, a
telegram was sent to JeiF Davis stating that, his
wishes had- been strictly carried out,-
There appears to have been nothhigdeposited
in the" corner-stone of the Yorktown Monument
commeinorative of tne more than three hundred
thousand loyal lives sacrificed that the Nation
might live: but the "Lost Cause'' is handed
down to coming ages through its spurious money
audit photograph of its rebellious flags.
We think the Bourbon managers of the
Yorktown Monument Association need-readjusting.
They are funding their confederate money
on tjo long a time, and too loyal a basis, for
Good Cause for Complaint.
We publish in another column a letter from a
member of the Grand Army of the .Republic,
which, had it been sooner received, would have
apeared last week.
We think, with our correspondent, that on an
occasion like that to which, he refers, the Grand
Army, as a representative body, is entitled to
more consideration than was given it on the day
of the late President Garfield's funeral obsequies
in this city. It is, at the, least, entitled to decent
treatment, which it did not then receive. Were
that the only instance in which it has been vir
tually ignored, we should feel inclined to pass
the matter by as an oversight on the part of those
having charge of the arrangements; but it is not.
For several years past there has been manifested,
not only here but elsewhere, a disposition on the
part of many to ignore, in other ways, the men
who fought the battles of the Republic, and won
the victory. During the war, while these men
stood between the enemy and the Nation's Capi
tal, those in their rear who were friendly to the
Union were, loud in their professionsof esteem
and-of what they would do for the Union soldiery
when peace should come.- They made fair prom
ises, and, to judge them by their protestations of
regard, one would suppose tht their gratitude
would live in history long after those to whom it
was tendered had passed away. They pledged
themselves to care for. the widows and orphans
of those who should perish, and to assist in their
efforts to obtain a livelihood for those who should
survive. Aud such patriotism and promises were
entirely voluntary on their part
The soldiers fought as best they could, and
suffered as it was allotted them to do, until the
end came. They did their duty none the better
because of the promises held out, nor would they
have done less than their wThole duty had no
such pledges for the future been made.
When the great work had been accomplished
they found, upon returning to their homes, that
during their absence in the field others had
entered into the places vacated by 1 hem when
they enlisted, and soon learned that if they
would have employment the3r must seek for it
elsewhere. They further ascertained that those
who so cheerfully promised and gave money to
aid in sending them to the front to be shot at,
were not so ready to give them work to do when
they returned shorn of a leg or arm or other
wise, disabled. The war was over, the danger
past, and the people had set themselves about
forgetting those who had preserved the Union
as speedily as possible.
Crippled soldiers went begging upon the streets
of our great cities and through the public Depart
ments of the Nation's Capital, not for money, but
for employment, that .they might earn their own
bread. Their experience satisfied them within
two years' time from the surrender at Appomat
tox, that if Republics are not ungrateful they
are, at the least, exceedingly forgetful. It is true,
bounty and pension laws were passed for their
benefit, but they were men who preferred labor
and independence rather thau idleness and a de
pendence upon the alms, as it was considered by
many, dold out to them from time to time by
the Government in whose behalf they had suf
fered ; and this experience, showing as it did the
need for some organized action for the bettering
of their conditions, called into existence the
Grand Army of the Republic ;m organization
made ny of none but honorably discharged Union
soldiers, irrespective of partisan affiliations or
Since lOG it has borne upon its muster rolls
the names of some of the most illustrious men of
whom our Nation can boast, and the good it has
accomplished is beyond computation.
Comrades have leen assisted and the widows
and orphans made by the war have been cared
for so far as opportunity aud means would per
mit, and we believe that it was chiefly through
the instrumentality of the Grand Army, col
lectively and individually, that the passage of
section 1751 of the Revised Statutes, which gives
honorably-discharged disabled Union ex-soldiers
the preference in the making of civil appoint
ments under the Government, was secured.
It is true that this law has been ignored, and
most especially during the last four or five years,
but that has been through the neglect or willful
omission of those whose duty it has been to ad
minister it: and in proportion as the law has
been disregarded so has lie Grand Armv been
neglected in the manner pointed out in our cor
respondent's communication. Its members,
though entitled on national occasions to far
greater consideration on account of their semi
military character and past services, do not receive
when they turn out in a body as much as do the
Masons and other purely civic societies. This is
all wrong. During the. war they held the post
of danger, and now in time of peace they are
certainly entitled to the post of honor, at least
when the ceremony in which they are called
upon to participate is the funeral of a com
rade one of themselves.
Was it through oversight that the manage
ment of-the Yorktown Monument Association
omitted a model of the "bloody chasm," a Ku
klux uniform, and copies of the ordinances of
secession passed by the rebellions States, from
that copper-box deposited underneath the- corner-stone?
The National Trilun:.
Send on your subscriptions. .
He "Will Be Confirmed.
There appears to be some little opposition on
the part of a few individuals to the confirmation
of Honorable Wm. W. Dudley as Commissioner
of Pensions. One of the grounds assigned is, that
he has discharged, as it is alleged, faithful clerks
for no other reason than that they were ex-rebels.
We know of no such discharges having been
made, allremovals coming to our knowledge hav
ing been for other sufficient causes ; but even i f
the allegation be true, it only shows that Colonel
Dudley is undoing some of the late Mr. Bentley's
work, which ought never to have been permitted
to that enemy of the pensioners and claimants of
So long as section 1754 of the Revised Statutes
is in force, no ex-rebel is entitled to office, unless
there are no Union ex-soldiers applicants for posi
tion under the Government
Thus far Colonel Dudley has shown that his
sympathies are with his former comrades. He
has also shown himself a faithful and efficient
officer, and, in our opinion, there is no doubt but
that he will in due time be confirmed by the
Senate of the United States.
rm 1 i. ,- . i,;, w 1.. ;- .,.-,.
Those who vote against him, it their names
ever become known, should be looked upon by j
all Union ex-soldiers, without regard to party, as
opposed to their best interests.
A Sixpenny Affair.
We print, in another column, a list of the arti-
cles said to have been deposited in the corner-
stone of the Yorktown monument. If the articles
are correctly given, they stamp the ceremonial as
a rebel and Virginia affair throughout. Three
hundred dollars of so-called Confederate money!
Photographs of rebel flags! Six eents4n United
States money! No Photographs no nothing
commemorative of our national greatness, nor of
its struggle for self-preservation. Bali !
Subscribe for The National Tribune, the
best Soldiers' paper in the country.
Lippincott's, for November, maintains its usual
standard of excellence.
In "A Walk over Monlauk,' Mr. Charles Burr
Todd gives an interesting description of that
comparatively unknown locality, illustrating the
text with well-selected and essential illustra
tions. "A Varied Entertainment.'' is a pleasing sketch,
full of humor, showing how certain residents of
the Latin Quarter, in Paris, amuse themselves
on occasion, and is followed by the continuation
of ''The Valcours,' which continues to increase
'"The Prince De Broglie in America' ' Zoolog
ical Curiosities,'' (continued;, and ''Policy 1390."
by Sarah Winter Kellogg, together with poems,
an article on John S. Clark, the comedian, two
or three short stories, and the usual monthly
gossip, complete the volume, every page of which
is well worth a reading.
FROM ONE OF KEENAN'S MEN.
Mr. William H. Bentz. late first lieutenant
Company K, Eighth Pennsylvania Cavalry
(Keenan's regiment), which made the gallant
charge at Chancellorsville described in The
National Tribune of August 27, in renewing
his subscription, says :
"I would not be without the paper, as I find
it a very valuable fiiend. I am a claimant for
pension, and find the Tribune a great helper.
It has saved me a great deal of correspondence
with ray attorney, as I frequently find just what
I want to know in the Tribune.
" Your article upon the charge of Keenan at
Chancellorsville in the second weekly issue
touched a tender place in my memory, as 1 my
self was a participant in that charge, being a
member of the old Eighth Pennsylvania Volun
teer Cavalry, and although I came out of the
engagement .unharmed myself, my horse had re
ceived two severe wounds which put him Iiors du
combat for some two or three months. Ah ! well
do I remember Major Keenan. He was a soldier
in truth and in deed. There were few braver than
he, and had he but lived he would have left a
name inscribed as a successful soldier in the
annals of the late war worthy of being worn
through life with manly pride, and of which any
one. might well feel proud.
"The old Eighth Pennsylvania Cavalry passed
through many a trying ordeal after that, and
with great credit both to officers and men; yet
Keenan's loss was deeply felt by all.
"Wishing your valuable paper success, and
that it may bring consolation to many among
those who threw their all in the balance in favor
of their country in its trouble, and who are now,
nearly one-fifth of a century after their services
were rendered, bravely and with hardly a mur
mur bearing their bodies racked with pains,
crippled from wounds, and languishing from the
effects of disease, and hoping the day may
speedily come when they shall receive their re
ward which they have so generously earned and
which so justly belongs to them. I remain yours,
ever in sympathy with the soldiei-,
"Wm. 11. Bentz."
We like, to receive letters like the foreuoimr.
but not simply because of the kindly mention j
of The National Tribune which it. contains. I
There is another reason which Ave, having been
a soldier, can fully appreciate. Our comrade
speaks of matters which commend themselves
to the heart and draw out its tenderest, strongest
feelings. We can understand, Ave can appreciate
Avhat Keenan and his gallant men did at Chan
cellorsville. We realize hoAv they took their
lives in their hands and charged through the
ranks of the foe to lay there a bleeding sacrifice
upon their country's altar. We have looked
deatli in the face upon the field of battle: so did
the7, and their crowning deed when Keenan
fell was the bravest of all,, and history must
yield to them the palm. We admire noble deeds
and respect the doers of them always; but when
those deeds are wrought by comrades men fight
ing in the same great cause Avith us then they
groAV beyond mere admiration ; they become
sublime, Avhile those who conceive and those
Avho execute become brothers, and Ave love them.
Hence it is that we are pleased to hear from
them to receive letters that call up old times
and such tender memories of the past.
TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.
What follows is extracted from a communica
tion lately received, and we are forced to say that,
in our opinion, Grand Army men have just cause
for complaint at the manner in which they are
treated by those having charge of public parades
of a national character.
Editor National Tkibunk :
1 claim for the G. A. R. the right of the line in
all processions. Time was, and it isn't many
years since, when it was readily granted to us.
Time was, when we were courted and flattered
and pushed gently and with tender hands to the
front. Then the left of the line w:is at home in
snug quarters; now that a few years have elapsed
the left becomes the right the bummers, and the
youngsters who were then sucklings, step boldly
to the front. We were soldiers when it meant
something, viz., hard work, fatigue, hunger,
thirst and cold, sickness, wounds, and possibly
death ; many sacrificed remunerative business,
all gave up the comforts of home. Now, I wish
to say right here that I do not pretend to say
that no old and faithful soldiers were at the front.
I know to the contrary, notably the Union Vet
eran Corps, Capt. Thomason, but they did not get
j their position by virtue of their merit they are
j indebted for their place in line on that day to
j their showy uniforms and beautiful rifles,
t On the day of the funeral we were ordered to
report to Col. Boyd at 2 o'clock, in front of City
Hall. We reached there at 2:10, but found no
I oneto report to. For more than a half hour not an
. , ,A . . . , ,
aide made his appearance. Then some one ordered
us to follow the mounted knights, who hurried us
down to the naval monument at the tails of their
horses and up the hill at a very undignified pace,
especially for a funeral. Arrived in front of the
Capitol, we were informed that we were to follow
immediately, the mourners. Well, in due course
"l lT" TT ,7,wl ."' ' " " ,. 7, ',
I r 4- 4-1 r rnrtinr'niiM r4- 4-swl i- flisi f-I -v- -vI
Boyd and staff, and I liaven't seen one of the lat
Why were the knights chosen as the escort in
place of the Grand Army organizations? Gen
eral Garfield was a member of the G. A. R. as
well as of the former order. Was it because the
G. A. R. were old, weather-beaten, plainly-uniformed,
lame, and stricken with years their
once'proud step broken by wounds or infirmities
brought on by active service ? Does the general
public intend to cast off these old soldiers at this
early day, and give the posts of honor to glitter
ing uniforms and prancing steeds, filled and
backed by men, the majority of whom never gave
a day to their country, and who can't tell the
smell of burned powder from sewer gas?
I am not disposed to go into a great deal of
"gush'' over the old soldier, but he has certain
rights, and I demand their recognition. If it had
not been for him, these United States of America
would to-day have been a thing of the past.
A MEMBER OF THE G. A. R.
THE FLAG OF-THE YALLABUSHA RIFLES.
Major II. D. O'Brien, late of the First Minne
sota Infantry, sends us the following letter :
Editor Tribune : In a recent issue of your
paper 1 notice, in an article under the caption
" Torn Battle Flags," a statement to the effect
that Albert Esson of the Second Minnesota regi
ment captured the flag of the Yallabusha Rifles"
near Cumberland, Md., on Jannary 19, 1862. The
writer must refer to the First Minnesota, as that
was the only regiment from Minnesota that
served in Maryland, or in the Potomac Army.
The Second Minnesota was not in the State of
Maryland at any time during the term of service,
but the First took part in Bull Run No. 1, and
in nearly all the battles fought by the Army of
the Potomac. At Gettysburg Marshall Sherman,
a member of the regiment, captured the battle
flag of the Twentieth North Carolina, regiment.
It is in the capitol building at St. Paul, Minn.
Xotc. We have investigated the matter re
ferred to in the foregoing communication, and
find that Albert EssOh Was ft corporal of com
pany G, Second Minnesota Volunteers, and that
the Yallabusha Rifles formed a part of the Fif
teenth Mississippi (rebel) infantry. The flag
was probably captured at the battle of Mill
Springs, Ky., fought January 19, 1862, both
organizations having been in that engagement.
The record of the museum from which the data
in The National Tribune article was made
up is evidently wrong. The error probably arose
from the fact that the Second Minnesota belonged
to the Army of the Cumberland ; at least we can
account for it in no other rnanner. Ed.
THE PENSION OFFICE.
The false, sensational, and extravagant reports
purporting to disclose astounding frauds on the
Pension Office, by which millions have been ob
tained through the connivance of employees of
the office, are said by Commissioner Dudley and
those thoroughly posted in the business of the
Pension Office to be without foundation in fact.
It seems that the sensation originated in the dis
covery by the press that an investigation was be
ing carried on by the officers of the bureau to dis
cover, if possible, who, if any one, were associated
with George W. Black in the prosecution of his
fraudulent claim for pension. The apparent fraud
in this case was discovered early in the month of
August hist, and the claimant immediately lodged
in iail. By the business-like svstem now in vogue
in the Pension Office for the examination of claiics
for pensions, it maybe safely stated that the possi
bilities for a successful fraud upon the office are
reduced to the minimum. The claim of a pension
er, after paesing the scrutiny of an examiner, who,
weighing the testimony adduced and all the evi-
deuce submitted, passes his judgment upon the
admission or rejection of the claim, with his raa-
sons for such action, is submitted to a judicial
tribunal consisting of twenty-fiVe of the most ex
perienced and 'competent men in the office, called
the review' board, presided over by the Deputy
Commissioner, Avho assigns to each revicAver pro
miscuously the claims submitted by the adjudi
cating diA-ision. By this "tribunal all questions
of fact and law are tried and 'judgment given
either affirming or reversing the action of the ex
aminer. The case is then ready, if admitted,
for certificate, after the medical questions re
lating to the character and degree of the dis
ability have been settled by the medical ref
eree. ItAvilJ thus be seen that collusion with
clerks in the office is impossible, for the exam
iner cannot know his revieAver, nor can the re
viewer know in advance Avhat examiner's work
he Avill be called upon to review. Nor is it be
lieved that in the past any great number of
fraudulent claims have been successfully prose
cuted. By far the greater number of those at
tempted have been delected, as in the case of
Black, before admission
The Iowa State Veteran Association at its last
meeting elected the following-named officers for
the ensuing year: General C. IT. Brock, Commander-in-Chief;
General J. B. Stilson, Lieu
tenant Commander-in-Chief; Colonel James
Cammack, Adjutant-General; Colonel G. L.
Stearns, Quartermaster-General : Colonel George
Welsh, Surgeon-General ; Colonel D. Nicolls,
Chaplain ; Colonel E. L. Condit, Judge-Advocate;
Lieutenant-Colonel E. L. Swem, Officer of the
Day : Captain Caspar Vore, Chief of Ontposte.
The State Encampment hopes to form many
subordinate encampments during the winter.
J. W. M., writing from Maquoketa, Iowa, says
the recent soldiers' Reunion at that place was a
grand success, about 1,800 people having bees
present. Severed good addresses were delivered
by prominent visitors and comrades, but the
sham battle, which closed the festivities, proved,
the chief attraction. There were infantry and
artillery, smoke and sound, but fortunately for
those taking part no bullets. The old veterans
snuffed the sulphurous smell of conflict without
danger of bodily harm without exhibiting any
signs of dissatisfaction. There wa,s, plenty to
eat and to drink, free sleeping places, and the
affair was throughout a pleasant one.
The annual meeting of the New York Asso
ciated Veterans of the Mexican War was held
last week at the armory of the Twelfth Regi
ment, Broadway and Forty-fifth street The fol
lowing officers were elected for the ensuing
year: President. General William Linn Tidball;
Vice-Presidents, General Winfield S. Hancock,
Adminal Henry Walke, General II. G. Gibson,
Colonel John B. Brahams, General John C. Rob
inson, ex-Mayor S. B. H. Vance, General Francis
E. Pinto, Captain J. Sherwood, General Silas
Casey, and General T. W. Sweeney ; Treasurer,
William Colligan ; Secretary, Colonel G. W. M.
Leonard, Financial Secretary, Major I. G. Alex
ander; Marshal, Captain C. I. Murphy ; Sergeant-at-Arms,
John Eckweiller; Trustee, Francis W.
The Association of the Survivors of the Seventy
sixth New York Volunteers held the Reunion
this year at Marathon, Cortland comity. From
a report received too late for last- week's issue we
condense as follows : About eighty members were
present. There were addresses delivered by vari
ous parties, after which the association adjourned
to the basement of the Baptist church, where a
generous dinner was served by the citizens of the
After satisfying the inner man the veterans
enjoyed an "experience meeting," relating as
well as listening to anecdotes and incidents of the
Next followed the election of officers, as fol
lows: President, Lieutenant-Colonel T.E.Cook;
Vice-Presidents, Captain S. M. Byram, Captain E.
D. Van Slyck, Private C. II. Smith, Lieutenant
U. A. Burnham ; Secretary, Lieutenant M. Edg
comb, of Cortland, N. Y.; Treasurer, Lieutenant
W. H. Myers; Executive Committee, Benjamin
Taylor, N. W. Smith, and P. W. Chaffee. The next
meeting will be held at MeGrawville, N. Y.
The officers and men of theEighty-fourth Penn
sylvania Volunteers held a Reunion at Altoonaon
the 20th. There was a large attendance, including
many members of the One Hundred and tenth
regiment, to which an invitation had been extend
ed, and the event was a pleasant one throughout?
and will be long remembered by those who partici
WHAT OTHERS SAY ABOUT IT.
Xew York Herald, October IS.
The principal event of this day will be ihe
laying of the corner-stone of the monument to
commemorate the victory of the allies a duty
too long deferred, for it is a century, lacking
only eleven days, since the Continental Congress
A'oted to build such a monument in the shape of
"a marble column, adorned Avith emblems of the
alliance betAveen the United States and His
Most Christian Majesty, and inscribed Avith a
succinct narrative of the surrender of the British,
army.' The details of the arrangements for the
ceremony are given in our dispatches, and also a
schedule of the remarkable contents of the cop
per box Avhich is to be deposited beneath the
stone. If the present ciA-ilization of the United
States shall have perished Avhen some far futnre
f generation brings this box to light, as Commandei
Gorringe uncovered the emblems under the
Egyptian obelisk, which he moved from Alexan
dria to Central Park, surely tne contents will
give an extraordinary notion of the manners and
customs of our time. There is a very severe par
simony in the specimens of monetary currency
which are to be put into the receptacle, they
being limited to bonds and notes of the lato Con
federate government with the exception of a few
copper cents of the post-Revolutionary and ante
constitutional period. JBnt perhaps this penuri
ousness is meant to be typical of the negotiations
which occurred about the British military chest
at Yorktown. Among the minor incidents of the
surrender there is none AA'hieh shoAvs more clearly
in Avhat pecuniary straights our Revolutionary
victors were. A hundred years ago this morning
commissioners Avere appointed by Washington
and Cornwall! to fix the final terms of the capit
ulation. Those on the side of the allies were
Lieutenant Colonel Laurens and the Viscount de
Noaiiles, and on the side of the British Avere Col
onel Dundas ami Major Rois. In adjusting them
the British commander was required to state on
his honor the value of his military chest, and it
was declared to be less than two thousand pounds
sterling. The Viscount thereupon remarked that
" the sum was so tritiing that it was not worth
bringing into the account' and proposed to leave
it with Cornwullis for pocket money, but Colonel
Laurens, having a better perception of the relative
value of coin and Continental currency, more
wisely insisted that it should be accounted for,
remarking to his colleague that "though it Avas
natural for a subject of one of the greatest mon
archs in the world to think tAvo thousand pounds
of little moment, yet for his own part, as an offi
cer of an infant State struggling Avith infinite
financial inconveniences and where hard monoy
was very rare, he must deeni it a very consider
The contracts for carrying the United State
mails are let to the lowest responsible bidders.