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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND QRPHANS."
WASHINGTON, D. C, SATUBDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1881.
NEW SERIES yoi.. i., jp. 12.
A VENERABLE RELIC.
FLAG OF THE BON HOMME RICHARD.
Interesting Facta Concerning Us History-Description of
tho Old Ensfcn-WIiat Sir Stafford Xorthcote
Says About It Its Prcwnt Owner.
Mr. Samuel Bayard Stafford, who lives in
Prince George's County, Maryland, a few miles
from Washington, has returned to his home
from Yorktown, where he went to participate in
ihe centennial ceremonies. This old gentleman,
who is over seventy years of age, and remarkably
well preserved, is the youngest son and only sur
viving child of James Bayard Stafford, of New
Jersey, who was a midshipman in the navy sloop-
of-war Alliance, durinir the Revolution, and was
on duty on the Bon Homme Richard at the time
the gallant John Paul Jones fought and defeated
the British frigate Serapis off the English coast, j
Midshipman Stafford distinguished himself dur- j
ing the famous sea-fight, and after the war. De- j
cember 9, 1784,
TILE CONT1XKXTAL CONGRESS
at Philadelphia adopted a resolution to bestow
upon him, ''for your meritorious service through
the late war, Paul Jones' starry flag of the Bon
Homme Richard, which was transferred to the
Alliance, a boarding sword of such ship, and a
musquet caxitured from the Serapis." The family
of Midshipman Stafford have religiously preserved
these historical relics of the Revolution since his
death in 1333, at Trenton, at the age of ninetv
eight, and at the Yorktown ceremonies the sur
viving son displayed these relics. On showing
them to the French guests of the Nation they
evinced very great interest, and several of them
reverently kissed the old flag. Congress designa-
ted this flag as "
tlie starry nag 01 l-aui J ones, to
, - j-m t- --
distinguish it from the famous "rattlesnake "flag,
which bore the legend Don t tread on me. Mid
shipman Stafford was married after the Revolution
to Abigail Smith, of Natick, Mass., who was the
daughter and granddaughter of revolutionary sol
diers, her father dying from wounds received at
the battle of White Plains.
HSR OttA2TDKATHli.il WAS .ENGAGED J
at the battle of Lexington and was a lieutenant at
the battle of Bunker Hill. Mrs. Abigail Stafford
died at Trenton in 1861, at the advanced age of
ninety-five. At her death the flag, sword, and
gun were willed to her unmarried daughter, Sarah
Smith Stafford, who, dying still unmarried, in
January, 1880, bequeathed these precious relics to
her aged brother. Mr. Stafford states that he has
many times during his youth and early manhood
heard his hero father fight over again his battles
on the sea, and tell of the wonderful deeds of dar
ing performed by his great commander in the
battle with the Serapis, and that he always de
clared that the sword which was selected from the
marine stores at Philadelphia and given him in
accordance with the resolution of the Continen
tal Congress, was the very one that Jones carried
FOUGHT V'ITII ON THE DECK
of the Bon Homme Richard and wore at his belt
when he was forced to abandon his sinking ship
and transfer to his consort, the Alliance. This flag
is said by some writers to have been the first one
made after the present style of the American flag
was adopted by Congress, and is certainly known
to have been the first one ever hoisted officially.
It is six feet wide and was originally about fifteen
feet long, but has been so long at the mercy of pa
triotic relic hunters that it has lost two yards of
its length. The blue field, which is about three
feet six inches square, bears twelve stars, repre
senting the colonies which had formally entered
into the confederation, the admission of Georgia
being ratified a few months later than the time
the flag was made.
NOT THE LEAST INTERESTING FACT
in connection with the flag is the part it performed
at the closing exercises of the Centennial at Phil
adelphia. It was the intention of the committee
on that occasion to have had the flag unfurled
from the mast over the main exhibition hall, but
the rain changed the programme, and the display
was made by unfurling it in the hall, where the ex
ercises were held, from a window directly over
President Grant, and while Thomas' orchestra was
playing " America." Of this e cent the late Bayard
Taylor said it was the most thrilling he had ever
witnessed in all his travels. Sir Stafford North
cote recently wrote the London Daily Telegraph
the following letter:
Sir: Having read your article to-day on the
flag which once belonged to Paul Jones I venture
to ask your permission to tell my story at rather
greater length than I havehitherto done. I should
begin by saying that my information is derived
from Mr. Samuel Bayard Stafford, the present
owner of the flag hi question, and from some ex
tracts from American newspapers. The facts are
as follows: When the War of Independence broke
out, .Mr. Samuel Stafford's father, at the time en- the Tenants' Defense Associations to replace the
gaged m business at Nev.- York, joined a small I Land League organizations. Mr. Parnell says
cruiser that was fitted out by Captain rhillip I such associations would be tolerated by Mr. Glad
Stafford. This cruiser, after inflicting some dam- j stone only so long :is they appeared to be disposed
age on the British TnrKan oi ,..., ...i i.,, . ,.n,.,., ni inc viou-c ..Mr? .f.,i,iim , i ....
--vix lllUH, lil3 UajJCUlCll ly
an jiiigiibii vessel and the crew put in irons.
They were, however, set free and their ship re
taken by Paul Jones about ten days before his
action with the Serapis. hi gratitude for their
deliverance the crew volunteered, and served
under him in the engagement between the Serapis
and the Bon Homme Richard, in the course of
which the flag was shot away from the masthead
of the latter vessel. Mr. Stafford leaped into the
sea after it, recovered it, and replaced it, being
severely wounded while performing this action.
The flag which he had thus saved was afterward
presented to him by the committee of Congress,
and remained in his possession till his death, in
1833. It now belongs to his son. This account
will show that while you are correct in saying
the Bon Homme Richard was never boarded, and
that Mr. Stafford was not one of the crew of that
ship, it is nevertheless the fact that as a volunteer
that gentleman did save the flag in question,
which I maintain to be a genuine relic of histor
ical interest. I remain, sir, your obedient ser
vant, Walter Stafford Nortiicote,
Board of Inland Revenue, Somerset House.
New York Herald.
A well-dressed and powerfully-built man ap
peared at the "White House October 31st and de
manded to see the " accounts of the President."
Mr. Dinsmore, the doorkeeper on duty, at once
recognized the visitor as a crank" who had
called there in May last and was sent home to
his friends in Pennsylvania, and with a view to
delivering him in to the custody of the police, sug
gested that the "accounts" could be seen down
the street, and that he would accompany him.
The man, who gave the name of John Waling,
of Pennsylvania, then presented a letter, which
he insisted gave him the right to enter the man
sion, and endeavored to force his way in. Mr.
Dinsmore seized him, and a desperate struggle
ensued. Waling attempted to draw a Tevolver,
but Dinsmore. who had grasped him by the
throat, choked so vigorously that he was unable 1
t e it Steward Crumn and another emrdovee
of the House hurried to Dinsmore's assistance.
and the lunatic was, with some difficulty, over
powered and his revolver taken from him. It
was a large-sized seven-shooter, with every bar
rel loaded. The police were notified and Wal
ing, or Doctor Noetling, was taken to the station
and locked up. The letter which he presented
read ail follows:
"John waling: You are herebvTnlbTii
that Doctor John Noetling is lawfully elected
President of the United States and occupies the
White House every da-.
"Communicated by the Holy Spirit."
Waling has been sent to the insane asylum.
MAJOR JOHN MIX,
Major John Mix, Ninth United States Cavalry,
a veteran and gallant officer, died Wednesday,
October 26, 3881, at Kansas City, while en route
from Fort Cummings. New Mexico, coming east on
asick leave,withDr.St.Clair Street as his medical
attendant. Major Mix entered the old Second
Dragoons as a private, April 11, 1852, and served
therein until 1861, in the various grades of pri
vate, corporal, sergeant and first sergeant. On the
14th of August, 1861, he was oppointed a Second
Lieutenant of the Second United States Cavalry,
and soon afterwards was appointed Major of the
Third New York Cavalry Volunteers, and pro
moted Lieutenant-Colonel of that organization
April 26, 1862. He resigned from the volunteers
in December, 1862, having in the meantime, on
the 17th of July 1862. been promoted First Lieuten
ant, Second Cavalry. He was promoted Captain
October 10, 1865, and Major of the Ninth Cavalry
January 25, 1 881 . After his resignation from the
volunteers he remained with the Second Cavalry
through the war, following its fortunes in various
arduous campaigns in the States and Territories
of Nebraska, Kansas, Montana, Wyoming, and
Dakota, until his promotion to a majority in the
Orders have been received at Athlone to have
a flying column in readiness to proceed immedi
ately to any part of West Meath or Roscommon.
Mr. Sexton has been released from prison on
account of ill-health, his physician certifying
that further confinement would cause his death.
Reports from Paris say the speculators Sur
cock and Debbas, whose failure, with liabilities
of 5,000,000 francs in consequence of speculative
operations in Egyptian securities, was reported,
have disappeared, leaving no assets. They owe
about 625,000 francs in London in addition to
their liabilities in Paris.
The firm of Surcock & Debbas has failed at
Paris with liabilities of 5,000,000f. The failure
was caused by speculative operations in Egyptian
The Freeman's Journal of Dublin publishes a
letter from Mr. Parnell, dated Xilmainham jail,
deprecating the plan of evading the recent pro
clamation of the Government by the formation of
IU vtllij vhik u.j t,i.j, tmu. i.v,uiu-UC lilUlil CI iL'-
actionary associations, such as were formally con
demned by Mr. Davitt. Every man in Kilmain
ham is willing to remain there any number of
montlis or years as may be necessary.
What has become of Dennis Kearney"?
PRISONERS OE WAR,
AT SPRiGFIELD, ILLS.
Reorganization of the Association Section of'Ofilcers.
A Visit to the Lincoln 3Ionuru-nl A Ban-"
ciuet and Spirited S?pche..
The ninth annual meeting f the Union Pris
oners of War was held at Springfield, niinois,
October 19, something over two hundred ex
prisoners of war, and many other veteran soldiers
being in attendance.
After a parade on the streets, escorted by the
Governor's Guards and Battery B of the Hlinois
National Guard, the prisoners were marched to
the capitol, where they were yelcomed by Mayor
McCreery, of Springfield, and Lieutenant-Governor
Hamilton, on behalf of the State.
General A. D. Streightj o Indianapolis, and
General Charles W. Pavey, of Mt. Yernon, 111.,
spoke in response. -a
General John M. Palmer -was called out, and
made a powerful extempore- speech. He was
followed by General John . McClernand, and
The evening meeting was' devoted to short
speech-making by the ex-prisoners, and some
preliminary work toward a reorganization of the
On the 20th the National Prisoners of War As-
j sociation met, and effected a reorganization, with
a new constitution and by-laws, under the name
of the Western Division oftfnion Prisoners of
War Association. Officers wer elected as follows :
General C. W. Pavey, President; Colonel T. H.
Kutler, Vice-President; Felix Labanni, Secretary;
C. C. George, Treasurer. The Presidents of the
State Associations shall be Vice-Presidents of
this association, and the executive committee
consist of the vice-president and president and
secretary of each State. The next meeting will
be held at Chicago. A resolution was adopted
declaring that it was the, duty of Congress to
provide for such prisoners as lost their health in
rebel prisons while serving the Government in
the war of the rebellion. ' A resolution, wras also
adopted urging the Seurteto confirm Colonel
In the afternoon visitors made a pilgrimage to
the Lincoln monument, where addresses were
made by General John M. Palmer, and Paul Van
dervoort, of Omaha. The latte: addressed a large
audience at the State House.
The State Association was reorganized, and the
officers elected as follows: President, W. W.
Lowdermilk, Springfield; Vice-President, B. B.
Longnecker, Olney; Secretary, Ed. H. Miner,
In the evening the visitors were banquetted
at the Leland Hotel, by tlje citizens of Spring
field, and were entertained by spirited addresses
by Judge J. H. Matheuy, of Springfield ; General
R. Rowett, of Quincy; Hon. Wm. M. Springer,
General John M. Palmer, Major James A. Con
nelly, General A. D. Streight, Indiana; General
C. W. Pavey, Mt. Vernon; Attorney-General Mc
Cartney, and others.
REDUCTION IN THE PUBLIC DEBT.
The following is a recapitulation of the state
ment of the public debt of the United States for
the month of October, 1881 :
Bonds nt G percent, continued at 'S4 per
cent .7 S161,S76,050 00
Bonds at 5 per cent, continued at 3)4 per
cent 7. 401,5501,900 00
Bonds at V per cent 230,000,000 (X)
Bonds at 4 per cent 738,719,750 00
Refunding certificates 598,050 00
Navy pension fund 11,000,000 00
Total 1,360,728,750 00
Interest 11,199,372 50
Debt on which interest has ceased since
111(11 II A X r aaatA
Debt bearing no interest
Old demand and legal-tender notes
Certificates of deposit
Gold and silver certificates
Unclaimed Pacific .Railroad interest., 7,256 5
Total debt 2,014,154,853 18
Interest : 12,310,584 91
Total debt, principal and interest 2,020,495,438 12
Total cash in the Treasury 240,960,971 22
Debt, less cash in the Treasury Novem
ber 1, 1881 1,785,534,466 90
Debt, less cash in the Treasury October
1, 1881 1J,798,8.)5,925 77
Decrease of debt durinpr the month 13,321,438 S7
Decrease of debt since June 30, 1881 33,064,345 08
Interest due and unpaid 2,0-11.671 15
Debt on which interest has ceased 13,716,305 26
Interest thereon 833,955 93
Gold and silver certificates 71,535,590 00
United States notes held for redemption
of certificates of deposit 8,310,000 00
Cash balance available Novemler 1, 1881. 144,493,448 88
Total 210,960,971 22
OCEAN STEAMERS WRECKED.
The steamship Omba, en route from Batavia to
Melbourne, foundered and sank October 29, and
all on board were lost.
The steamer Calcutta sank between Melbourne
and Sydney, and all on board were lost.
A board has been ordered by the general su
perintendent of the Life-Saving Service to exam
ime the several stations in the fifth district, which
embraces the coast between Care Henlopen and
THE NEW SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.
Hon. Charles J. Folger was born in Nantucket,
Mass., April 1G, 1818. When about twelve years
of age his parents removed to Geneva, Ontario
county, N. Y., where he has since resided, except
at intervals when engaged in the study of law.
He graduated from Geneva College in 1836, and
immediately entered upon the study of law in
the office of Mark H. Sibley and Alvan Worden,
in Cauandaigua. In 1839 he was admitted to
practice at the bar of the supreme court, at Al
bany, and in the following year entered upon
the practice of his profession at Geneva. In 1844
he was appointed, under the old constitution,
judge of the Ontario court of common pleas; was
also master and examiner in chancery until the
chancery court was abolished by the adoption of
the constitution of 1846. In 1851 he was elect
ed county judge of Ontario county, and held that
office for four years. In 1861 he was elected sen
ator from that district, was re-elected in 1863, in
1865, in 1867, and again in 1369. Mr. Folger was
a democrat until 1856, but has acted with the
Republican party from the period of its organiza
He was elected to the State senate in I860.
and at every subsequent session was chosen j ueii b ietTer deprecating tne lormation of tenants
sneaker nro tern., and riresidPfl rtnrimr li nh. tlefense associations, the governor of Kilmainham
- J X -- W-.Q M..V .,,
sence ot the Lieutenant Governor. As a public
speaker there are but few men in the Republican
party in the State who can excel him. He is a
natural orator, and his powers have been increased
by a thorough education and discipline. During
the session of 1868 he broke with Governor Fen
ton, and was instrumental in preventing the con
firmation of all the appointments of the Governor
that winter, with the exception of auditor of the
canal department. Mr. Folger, shortly after his
election to the State senate, resigned his place to
accept the tender by President Grant of the office
of assistant treasurer of the United States in New
York city, made vacant by the retirement of Gen.
Eutterfield, who had been so completely undone
by the great " gold conspiracy" of September,
1869. His services on the judiciary committee of
the senate and in the constitutional convention
of 1867 caused his selection as associate judge of
the court of appeals in 1870, and he has ranked
as one of the ablest of its members. He was nom
inated for chief justice by the Republican State
.committee in August, 1880, no State convention
with Garfield and Arthur by 40,000 majority,
has always been classed as a Stalwart Republican
A BOSTON DIAMOND ROBBERY,
At the close of business on Wednesday evening
in Morse's jewelry store, in Washington street,
Boston, the clerk, as usual, "took stock," and
missed three sets of diamonds, valued at 4,700.
One of the salesmen recollected a well-dressed
man who had desired to purchase some diamonds,
and, after inspection, requested a set to be laid
aside for him for the following dav. An accurate
description of the man was sent to police head
quarters in New York, which description tallied
with that of a well-known thief named Edward
McLean, alias Hamilton, wrhose walk in life was
shoplifting in j ewelry stores. McLean was traced,
and about twelve o'clock on Saturday night In
spector Byrnes captured him near Twenty-seventh
street and Broadway. He was locked up and the
Boston authorities notified. For fifteen years he
has been known to the police, and is now under
bail for a theft of diamonds from a store in West
Fifteenth street in April last.
FOR SPEAKER OF THE NEXT HOUSE.
The following members of the next House are
presented by their respective friends as candi
dates : Hon. J. C. Burrows, Michigan ; Hon. M.
H. Dnnnell, Minnesota : Hon. D. C. Haskell, Kan
sas : Hon. Frank Hiscock, New York ; Hon. J. A.
Hubbell, Michigan; Hon. J. A. Kasson, Iowa;
Hon. J. W. Keifer, Ohio ; Hon. G. S. Orth, In
diana; Hon. T. B. Reed, Maine; Hon. G. M.
Robeson, Isew Jersey.
A BURGLAR QUICKLY DISPOSED OF.
On the morning of October 27th William Mars
ton was caught in trying to burglarize the rooms
of General Boulanger, one of the French guests, at
the Continental Hotel, Philadelphia. He was
taken before a magistrate and held in $1,500 bail
to answer. The grand jury at once found a true
bill against him, and he was tried, convicted, and
sentenced to three years' imprisonment, and to
give good security to keep the peace and be of
good behavior for a year after the expiration of
the sentence. All within twenty-four hours.
THE IRISH TROUBLES.
Mr. O'Sullivan, a prominent member of the
Cork branch of the Land League, has been ar
rested, charged with inciting tenants not to pay
rent in spite of the government's proclamation
declaring the Land League to be an illegal and
criminal organization. The Leaguers of Fer
maugh and Leitrim have issued similar incite
ments. An armed band has visited houses in the
neighborhood of Carrick-ar-Shandon, threatening
rent-payers with death.
STRATHAM POSTMASTER AFTER ALL.
The dead-lock in the Senate was caused by the
nomination of Clifford Stratham, of Lynchburg,
as postmaster. The nomination was withdrawn,
and that broke the dead-lock. October 31 the
President appointed Stratham, in place of Wil
NEWS FROM ABROAD.
MESSAGES SENT UNDER THE SEA.
More Troops for Ireland Proceedings under ths I.aatl
Act Protecting the Jews Heavy Snow-Storms.
Paraell Sick, JLc. &c. &.
The Greeks have expelled the Turkish post
office employees at Larissa.
The report that Hobart Pacha has lost the Sul
tan's confidence is denied.
The Sultan has ordered two iron-clads to re
main during the winter at Tripoli.
The French column from Tebessa has arrived
at Kairouan. Several of the leading inhabitants
have been arrested.
Said Pacha, President of the Turkish Council,
has promised the Bulgarian representative to in
quire into the recent violation of the Bulgarian-
Dispatches from Dublin say: Directly after the
I Publication in the Freeman's Journal of Mr. Par-
; in. l.ii -1 . . . .. .. . ..
jail was superseded by two new governors. It -is
probable that Mr. Parnell will he sentenced to ;
fourteen days' privation of visits. The officers
of the prison are in a state of apprehension.. A
sworn inquiry will lie held touching the letter.
Heavy snow-storms and gales are reported
throughout England. In several parts of the '
middle counties there are two feet of snow on
j the ground.
The public prosecutor in Berlin has commenced
an action against the editor and publisher of the
Reichsherold, the paper conducted by Herr Hen
rico, the notorious "Jew-hater," on account of a
poem in it approving the persecution of the Jews.
A troop-ship has left Portsmouth with 520 men
to reinforce various regiments in Ireland.
The Dublin Freeman's Journal says Mr. Parnell
was suddenly'seized with violent spasms on Sun
day and had great suffering for several hours.
It is rumored that Mr. Sexton is dying.
Dispatehes from London under date October
31 say: There are already 7,500 cases before the
Although there are 400 Leaguers" in prison, oc
casional events show that the spirit underlying
the League movement still survives. Rev. An
thony McHale, Catholic curate at Lahardane, in
the diocese of Killala, has been arre d for hold
ing a Land Leagne meeting in his chapel. Miss
Parnell denies that the Ladies' Land League
have been ordered to quit their rooms in Sack
The Fall Mall (London) Gazette this evening
says : There is no truth whatever in the state
ment that there is a large amount of money in
the Bank of England which was deposited to the
credit of the confederate government and is avail
able for the payment of confederate bonds. We
believe it does not hold a single penny and doubt
whether there is any such money in any bank in
this county. The whole story is a gross fabri
cation and the fitting product of a speculation
that has no substantial foundation.
Two thousand Irish tenant farmers in the
county Limerick have resolved to apply to the
land commission to fix judicial rent or set aside
FliOM Loxdox. A rumor is current in Dublin
that Earl Spencer, Lord President of the Council,
will replace Lord Cowper as Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland, and that Lord Derby will replace Earl
Spencer in the Cabinet.
A crowd of 700 persons attacked the police
while they were serving summons at Bellmutted,
county Mayo. The police fired upon the people,
several of whom were wounded.
The Standard's Paris correspondent says the
negotiations between the Porte and the foreign
bond-holders have been successfully concluded.
A telegram from Armagh says cells have been
prepared in the jail there for Mr. Parnell and forty
others. Among the few arrests to-day is that of
an Englishman, Captain Dugmore, late of the
Sixty-fourth regiment, a former home-rule can
didate for Port Arlington.
A telegram from Tunis says : Ali Ben Ainar,
chief of the Tunisian insurgents, is dead. The
insurgents are much demoralized in consequence.
The police quietly dispersed the Ladies' Land
League meeting at Carrick, Tipperary, on Tues
day. The Sligo Harriers hunted yesterday with
out any opposition being displayed by the farm
ers. At last, after a struggle of two years, landlord
and tenant came, on Monday, face to face before
the judges to decide what was fair rent. The
first case examined under the Land act has just
been decided here. Its result is a sweeping re
duction, amounting altogether to 2 16s. in a
yearly rental of 8 16s.
The first tenant who thus conies under the
operation of the ace is Patrick McAtavey, of
Coolatra, county Monaghan, on the estate of
Henry Bond, an absentee landlord living in
London. The holding is ten acres, rent 8 16s.
government valuation 6.
Mr. Parnell has been unanimously elected
chairman of the Cork Chamber of Commerce.
tioketlM,ndi''olirtJ oi which 3,600 came in on