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'TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
WASHINGTON, D. C, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1881. NEW SERIES.-VOIj-1., N-13,
A GREAT BATTLE-FIELD.
IN AND ABOUT THE SHENANDOAH VALLEY
If Ineliester Sheridan's Ride to Cedar Creek A Story
f Thomas Buchanan Bead A Bine-Bird's
Nest in the Cannoa's Mouth.
Correspondent Boston Sunday Herald.
Within gunshot of the dingy hotel that shelters
the people wlo om to Winchester, Sheridan
mounted his restless horse and started on his
famous ride toward the "bloody battlefield of
Cedar creek. I would not spoil the story of that
reckless ride if I could, because a poet's fancy
always takes liberties with facts, no matter what
the subject is with which he deals. No writer
of rhymes ever took, or was entitled to take,
broader lilerty with truth than T. Buchanan
Read, who has rendered immortal the struggle
brave Sheridan made to reach the battleground
before the day was won. It does not matter that
the tide of battle had been turned before he
reached there, for he did check some straggling
and frightened warriors who had left the field
with the thought that the battle had been lost.
He did infuse new life into the powder-stained
and weary veterans, who welcomed him with a
cheer as his foaming horse dashed upon the field,
and the flaming red necktie which the soldiers
knew so well fluttered in the breeze. His steed
gathered as he flew along the lines. It was a
great ride. A great general was its hero, and a
noble horse covered the ground. There was
something heroic in the event, and in both horse
and rider, and it deserves the poet's best fancy.
Read, who wrote the poem about the great ride,
was a queer character. He was a painter as well
as poet, and the work of his brush was oft-times
as charming as that of his pen.
A look over the great battlefields which sur
round this place fields that are to-day brown
with the fresh-plowed earth or yellow with the
stubble of the gathered grain fields that drank
the blood of thousands of the bravest and the best
of the Nation's men, recalls Ecad to my mind,
y A STORY OF HIS GENIUS
A STORY OF HIS GENIUS
MJtt'.L. 5d N?;'. Hs
raVeiiever;seenT in print, liispoenc lancv
often leaped through the fumes of wine that fre
quently clouded his brain, and one of his happiest
flights was inspired by the word "peace," spoken
just after the sound of battle was hushed, and the
great fields about Winchester, which are to-day
groaning with the burdens of husbandry, were
desolate. The torch of war and the hoof of strife
had blasted the face of these charming hills and
fertile valleys. Read had been dining, and was
"full." He came staggering into the presence of
two of the most distinguished men of that day.
He settled himself in a chair and seemed limp
and almost lifeless from the effects of dissipation.
The statesmen were talking of the settlement,
and of the demands peace would make upon
statesmanship, and the rewards of the conflict, if
properly controlled. The word " peace," spoken
by one of the gentlemen, in the course of the con
versation, seemed to electrify Read. He started
from his stupor, and, sitting up straight in his
chair, with his poetic face red with wine, but
beaming with intelligence, and his eye flashing
fixe, said :
Oh! that some beautiful bird of the South
Might build ita nest in the cannon's mouth,
And stop the awful roar.
The last words had hardly died away upon his
lips before he settled back into his stupor as
quickly as he came out of it.
Is it any wonder that this story is recalled to
my mind while looking over these hills and vales
of which he wrote so much ? But there is another
circumstance stronger and more poetic than all
the rest, which vividly recalls the dramatic scene
when Read's fancy painted the sublime thought
of peace, above recited. A grim and ugly cannon
stands silently guarding a bivouac of the dead,
which a Nation's gratitude has erected upon the
rolling hillock where the two armies Met in one
of the most terrible charges that ever took place
in any war. In the mouth of this silent guar
dian which, during the war, rained death upon
the enemies of the country, a beautiful bluebird
had builded its nest and raised its brood. A prac
tical illustration of Read's inspired definition of
A GREAT BATTLE-FIELD.
Winchester is a real old Virginia town, situated
about thirty miles up the Shenandoah Valley from
Harper's Ferry, the eastern outpost to this great
granary of the South. It might with propriety
be called the metropolis of the Shenandoah, for
it is the largest town in all this charming region.
I wish I could describe the valley, but it can
. i. one witll wor(js The fertile earth
' - t have crept down from the summits
fty mountain ranges, some thirty miles
part, stripping these great hills of their vegeta
vfi -i -A j usefulness, and leaving them gaunt
d ;:' sentinels over the wealth that had left
.iem tey also form bold and rugged back
er. nd- o a most beautiful picture of rolling
hilJjckfi, gentle valleys, and gushing streams,
which wt -e created in the struggle to unite the
. wu which deserted the huge rocks that
upe, ion she played with hills, piled up
shew aer curious strength and greatness
o er max Much more than one hundred years
,o tbe rugged pioneers of our civilization
looked upon this valley and laughed. The
Scotch-Irish Presbyterians, the German Dun
kers, and now and then an aristocratic English
man, found a home in this valley, which God
had smiled upon, but which man defaced with
slavery and the manners and methods it bred.
The war came, finding this region happy in its
indolence and rich in the fruits of its soil. It
was actually a region that was "tickled with
the hoe, and laughed with the harvest." Its
people were fat and arrogant, aristocratic and,
shiftier, and were, therefore, aruoug the first in,
and last out, of the attempt to destroy the Union.
UP THE SHENANDOAH VALLEY.
It is 126 miles from Harper's Ferry to Staun
ton, the foot and fountain-head of the Shenan
doah. It can be imagined how much of material
resource this valley, so rich in an easy yield,
could furnish to the commissary department of
the confederacy. It did furnish ail that it
could spare, and the place became a "run-way"
for the armies, the point where the confederates
came for supplies and to make their raids into
Maryland and Pennsylvania, the section that
our armies reached to meet them. So this fair
section of the South felt the shock of battle
oftener than any other section. The place from
which I write was the scene of not less than
a half dozen battles which have a place in his
tory as among the most stubborn of the Avar. I
should like to note the difference between the
scene now and when the war closed. The neces
sities of the conflict forced Sheridan to blast
this place for confederate supplies with the torch.
That he did it relentlessly no man that knows
his history will doubt. Therefore, when the
battle clouds finally raised, this valley was in
ashes. Seventeen years of practical effort and
fair industry has rebuilt the waste places and
made the face of the country more beautiful
than ever. The Berkshire hilLs show few better
evidences of careful agriculture than you see here
now, and the people are getting almost far enough
away from war to acknowledge that the strife
was a "God-send" to them, and their defeat a
blessing. Hard as were the experiences of these
people during the rebellion, the results it has
brought have advanced them in the race of life,
bettered their conditionr .and broadened their
n fvi ff Tfit i rm TIip wnrs nf wur Iwyp Iippii pnvpvpil ' P
ii .a. - - K -t.. i i niniWt.i Tli rMi ' --- . .. I... tytr, , - ;r
by the fruits of peace, and the Shenandoah Val
ley is fast becoming a garden-spot, marking the
broad difference between the elevating influences
of free labor and the degradation of slavery.
Assistant Secretary Upton says that during
Secretary Boutwell's administration the Govern
ment paid $50,000 for a great mass of confederate
archives, and among them there were many
bonds, which are now stored away in the room
devoted to captured and abandoned property.
He did not think that any one connected with
the Government had a right to sell them without
the authorization of Congress. His impression
was that the bonds were unsigned, although he
was not positive, not having seen any of them in
years. No examination has been made of the
WITNESSES SUMMONED FOR GUITEAU.
Deputy United States Marshal Johnson, of Bos
ton, in compliance with orders from Washington,
has summoned as witnesses in behalf of Guiteau,
Rev. I. N. Tarbox, secretary of the American Ed
ucational Society; Rev. Howard O. Dunham, sec
retary of the American Peace Society ; Rev. John
L. Withrow, pastor of the Park-street church, and
John W. Guiteau, brother of the prisoner. No
details as to the evidence the3r are expected to
give can be obtained, but they are said to have
been summoned at the suggestion of the defend
ant. They are requested to le in Washington
by the 14th instant.
THIRD GROUP FOR THE LINCOLN MONU
MENT. The Ames Manufacturing Company have just
finished the third bronze group which is to be
placed upon the Lincoln monument at Oak Ridge
Cemetery, in Springfield, 111. .The first casting
for the monument a colossal statue of Lincoln
was made at the Ames works eleven years ago,
and since that time two groups, infantry and
naval, have been forwarded. Now the artillery
group is nearly ready. The figures are heroic in
size, and stand upon a pedestal which will be ele
vated twenty feet above the ground when in
position. The first figure is that of the gunner,
who has been struck down by a ball and lies on
the ground with a look of intense pain upon his
face. Near by, with his arms raised above his
head, stands a boy gazing with horror upon the
scene before him, while the third figure is that of
the captain of the gun, who has leaped upon his
dismantled piece, and, with his sabre raised aloft,
seems to defy his enemies. The positions are very
natural, and the sculptor has succeeded admira
bly in depicting the emotions of pain, horror, and
defiance upon the face of his subjects. E very
minute detail has been carefully brought out in
the work, and the result is very satisfactory. The
group weighs 4,500 pounds. The fourth casting
will be made very soon for the cavalry group. It
requires one year to complete the work, some of
the processes being very slow. The designer is
Larkin G. Meade, and the work has been done
under the supervision of sculptor Melzar H. Mos
man. Springfield (3fass.) Republican.
THE PENSION OFFICE.
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER.
Interesting Figures Estimates for the 'ext Fiscal Tear.
"Regarding Increased Pension for Total Dis
The annual report of th? fusion Bureau has
been submitted by Commissioner Dudley to the
Secretary of the Interior Recapitulating the
operations of the last fiscal year, it shows that on
the 30th of June, 1881, there were 268,830 pension
ers, classified as follows: Army invalids, 153,025;
army widows, minor children,.jind dependent rel
atives, 76,683; navy invalids, 2,187; navy widows,
&c, 2,008; survivors of the war of 1812, 8,898;
widows of the war of 1812, 26,029; 28,740 pension
ers were added to the roll during the year, and
the names of 10,712 were dropped; leaving a net
increase of 1S,023. At the close of the year the
annual pension averaged 107, and the aggregate
annual value of all pensions was $28,769,907.
THE ANNUAL DISBVRSEMENTS
of the office, however, largely exceed this sum.
For instance, the total amount paid for pensions
during the year (exclusive $ certain arrears in
claims allowed prior to Jaaary 25, 1S79) was
49,723,147, the difference being accounted for by
arrears of pensions, or "accrued pensions," cover
ing periods dating back to the discharge in each
case of a soldier still living,&nd to the soldiers'
deaths in the claims of widows or minor children.
The amount paid out during,. the year as "first
payments" to new pensions was $23,628,177. Es
timate of appropriations necessary for the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1S83,, is S'100,000,000, includ
ing a deficiency estimate of $20,000,000.
Mr. Dudley is of the opinion, that the clerical
force of the Pension Bureau- can be "arranged
upon a much more business-Slke basis" if Con
gress will vote its appropriation in a lump sum
instead of limiting the numfe of clerks of each
class to be employed, and he iakes recommenda
HE ALSO KEOolpLENDS
an increase in tne salary of jtension agents; ad
vises sundrv amendmentsih. laws jioverninjr
imfa&'S&simtMitrtsyj:: .,.. .;,..-,v...
ensioii payments to m rv- vnnureii ut nmuns
who have remarried, to the inmates of soldiers'
homes, and to Indians, and makes a recommenda
tion for a repeal of the law which provides that
no increase of pensions shall commence at an
earlier date than date of the medical examination.
"In an office four to six years behind hand with
its work, as this is, it is manifest injustice to make
an increase depend upon such an uncertain date
as a medical examination that may not be ordered
for six months or a year after the filing of the
In conclusion, Commissioner Dudley calls at
tention to a novel matter, which he deems " es
sential to the well-being and safety of pensioners
and claimants for pensions." He says :
"IT OFTEN HAPPENS THAT
irresponsible persons falsely or maliciously swear
that the pension or claim to pension of soldiers or
their Avidows or dependents has been obtained, or
is sought to be obtained by fraud. There seems
to be no law by which such persons can be prose
cuted, as can those who swear falsely in favor of
fraudulent claims. This appears to be a manifest
defect in existing law, and I hope to see an enact
ment by which those swearing falsely against a
meritorious claimant's right to a pension "shall
be subject to indictment and prosecution in the
Federal courts in the same manner as those
swearing falsely in support of a fraudulent claim."
THE LAND COURT AT WORK,
The reduction of rent by the first decision under
the English Land Act, at Monaghau, is consid
erable, the amended rent of the holding being
only six guineas. An application was made to
the Dublin Land Court yesterday to fix the rent
on a holding in Cork where the valuation is
27 and the present rent 113. Lord Justice
O'Hagan said the figures lifre very startling.
Two thousand tenant farmers in the county
Limerick have resolved to apply to the Land
Commission to fix judicial rent or set aside un
Right Hon. Hugh Law, Attorney-General for
Ireland, has been appointed to succeed Lord
O'Hagan as Lord Chancellor of Ireland. Mr.
William Johnson, member of Parliament for
Mallow and Solicitor-General for Ireland, will
succeed Mr. Law as Attorney-General. Mr.
Patrick Egan will contest Mallow against John
son, whose appointment to the Attorney-Generalship
necessitates a fresh election.
AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
On Wednesday evening last President Arthur,
in company with Colonel Rockwell, made a visit
to the White House and was shown through the
rooms. He was then told of the proposed plans
for improving and refurnishing the house, and they
received his approval. In consequence, steps will
at once be taken to put the plans into execution,
and the new articles of furniture have been
ordered from New York. It is expected that
everything will be completed and the house
ready for the President's occupancy by the mid
dle of the present month, although it may be
delayed until the latter part of the month. The
house will then look as bright and neat as a new
pin, and the shabby, dilapidated appearance which
has been made the subject of so much unfavor
able comment will give way to an elegant and
handsomely-furnished house worthy of the resi
dence of the Chief-Magistrate of the Nation.
The east room will have an entire new set of
furniture richly upholstered in old gold. The
wood work will be of modern and elegant
designs. Some pieces will not be upholstered,
but will consist of carved designs in the native
wood. The lambrequins and curtains will har
monize in color with the upholstery of the furni
ture. The old carpet will be relaid. It is not
worn very much, and the only objection to it is
the old-fashioned pattern. It will be freshened
up, and will not look out of place amid the mod
ern and elegant surroundings.
The green parlor is to be entirely refitted and
refurnished. The walls will be covered with oe
of the handsome designs of wall-paper which are
now so fashionable. The ceiling will be refres
coed. In the furniture the color which gives the
room its name will be preserved, but in place of
the dull, heavy green, the beautiful shade known
as Nile green will prevail. The furniture will be
of the latest design upholstered in raw silk, and
a handsome carpet and window curtains will re
place the rusty articles that have so long done
service in that room. The grand piano which
was so much in the way will be removed to one
of the rooms upstairs.
The red parlor is also to be entirely refitted
with furniture and a carpet in a bright and hand
some shade of red. The carpet is a handsome
velvet one, and this room will be one of the most
attractive in the house. The only change in
the blue parlor will be to freshen up the carpets
and furniture, and regild the ceiling where nec
essary. No new articles of furniture will be
placed in this room, as the present furniture is in
a very good condition. The private and state
dining-rooms will remain unchanged. In the
corridor outside of these rooms a new carpet of a
bright red color will replace the old ones. This
was done at the suggestion of the President. In
the private rooms upstairs there will be no new
furniture or carpets. The old furniture will be
upholstered anew where necessary, and the car
pets cleaned and brightened up. When the new
furniture and carpets are placed in position the
'T0otasw lii present-a- Very TumGsonie- appearance-
THE NEW MINISTER,
The Hon. Lionel Sackville-West, the new British
Minister, conies of a very ancient family. It was
founded in the reign of Edward II, of England, by
Sir Thomas West, who was in high favor with
that monarch, and has furnished several distin
guished soldiers and statesmen to the nation.
The present Minister, who is the fifth son of the
fifth Earl Delaware, was born July 19, 1827. He
entered the public service in 1845 with the Earl of
Aberdeen, when that statesman was Foreign Sec
retary. He was in the Foreign Office in 1847, when
he was appointed attache to the British Legation
at Lisbon, from which he was transferred, in 1849,
to Naples. He was attache at Stutgard in 1852,
at Berlin in 1853, and secretary of legation at
Turin in 1858, where he was also Charged' Affaires
on several occasions between 1859 and 1863. In
1864 he was sent to Madrid as secretary of lega
tion, where he was Charge twice between that
time and 1867. In the latter year he was promo
ted to the secretaryship of the Embassy at Berlin,
and transferred to Paris in 1868, where he was
Minister Plenipotentiary a portion of the year
during the absence of the Ambassador, and again
in 1869, 1871 and 1872. He was appointed Envoy
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to
the Argentine Republic in 1872, and to Spain on
the 11th of January, 1878, where he still remained
at the date of publication of the Almanack de Gotha
for 1881. It will be seen that Mr. West has gone
up through all grades of diplomatic service to his
present position of Envoy Extraordinary to the
United States according to the excellent rule of
civil service promotion upon experience and merit
that prevails in Great Britain.
HE WANTS MONEY.
Guiteau has written the following modest let
ter to James Gordon Bennett, of the New York
Dear Sir : I dosire to call your attention,
through my brother-in-law and attorney, George
Scoville, to the enclosed account ef a suit I had
against the Herald. I ask you to make a liberal
contribution for my defense in view of the suffer
ings the Herald caused me in 1874, and I have no
doubt, considering your liberality and highmind-
edness, but you will do it, as your reporter sug
gested ; a $10,000 check, or the cash, if you don't
wish your name to appear, will be gratefully re
ceived. I have no doubt had I proceeded with
the case and employed competent counsel it would
have cost you twice that, but I did not wish to
get the Herald down on me politically, and there
fore did not press the case to a trial. I therefore
ask you to make a liberal contribution to my de
fense. I have the honor to be, very respectfully
yours, Charles J. Guiteau.
The account referred to is that of an unsuccess
ful libel suit of Guiteau's for $50,000, the Herald
having published in 1874 that Guiteau had de
frauded New York parties of collections he had
made for them.
A strike of 50,000 employees in the Stafford
shire, England, potteries is reported.
Revolutionary risings are feared in Russia,
THE STATE ELECTIONS.
RATHER A TAME AFFAIR THROUGHOUT.
Close Vote in Xeir York anil Virginia Hot Work in
Mississippi A Light Vote Generally But
Somewhat Mixed An Off Tear.
to a larger edition than usual THE
National Tribune goes to press before the
i returns from Tuesday's elections are all in.
Enough is known, however, to show that the
Republicans have carried Massachusetts, Con
necticut, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Nebraska,
and probably Wisconsin and New York. Mis
sissippi, Maryland, and probably Virginia have
gone Democratic, the last named by a smallr
The result in New York and Virginia, how
ever, cannot be known until the official count
owing to the closeness of the vote.
There seems to have been little interest felt
in the elections anywhere outside of Virginia,,
where, and in Mississippi, the canvass was hotly
contested throughout, and with great bitterness.
In New York there were four special elections
for Congressmen, and so far as heard from, three
Republicans and one Democrat have been elected.
In this city there was an absence of excitement
such as has been unknown for years.
Few people remained upon the streets, and at
the news and telegraph offices after eleven o'clock,
everything tending to demonstrate that this is;
one of the off years in politics.
Colonel Watson D. Smith, of Omaha, clerk of
the United States court for Nebraska, was mur
dered on the Night of November 4, between 12
and 1 o'clock, at the door of his office, on the
third floor of the United States building in that
city. The body was discovered at 2.30 a. m. by
a druggist named Kuhn, who has a store near
the United States building. "
Kuhn was telephoned for by the wife of Smith,
who became alarmed at her husband's absence,
to ascertain where her husband was. Kuhn
went into the United States building and found
all dark, oxcppt-ou the first floor, where tbepost-
office is situated. He groped his wayup-stairs
and stumbled on Smith's body, which was lying
in a pool of blood.
The police and coroner were immediately in
formed, and it was found that Smith had been
shot while in the act of closing the door. The
papers and letters which he had in his hand
were scattered on the floor.
At his feet was found a "bulldog" self-cocking
revolver, one chamber discharged. A bullet
flattened and bloody was afterward found on the
floor. No traces of the identity of the assassin
have been found, and the murder remains a
NEWS FROM THE ARCTIC SEAS.
, The steamer Golden Fleece, which left San
Francisco July 18th with Lieutenant Ray and
the signal service party to establish a meteorolog
ical station at Point Barrow, returned on the 5th.
Captain Jacobson reports that on October 7th he
spoke the whaling bark Dawn in Behring Sea,
and learned that in the latter part of September
the Dawn had spoken the United States relief
steamer Rodgers in the Arctic ocean. Captain
Berry reported that he had completely circum
navigated the so-called Wrangle Land, and had
landed in several places, but had failed to find
any trace of the Jeannette. He intended to win
ter either on Wrangle Land or on the neighbor
ing Siberian coast. Beyond establishing the
insular character of Wrangle Land, the cruise of
the Rodgers had been barren of results. Captain
Jacobson reports that he left Lieutenant Ray and
party September 17th at the new station called
Oogla Lamie, five miles west of Point Barrow.
All were in the best of health and spirits.
Captain Jacobson. expressed entire unbelief in
the story of a wreck and white men having been
seen by natives eastward near the Mackenzie river.
He heard nothing of the kind while at Point
Barrow, and is positive that if any such informa
tion had existed among the natives of the north
ern coast it would have come to his knowledge.
His theory is that the story referred to the whaler
Vigilant on the Siberian coast. He confirms the
previous reports of an open but very stormy
season in the Arctic.
The only feature of the Lord Mayor's proces
sion, on the 9th inst., in London, England, was
the banner of the United States escorted by a
guard of honor. When the Lord Mayor's pro
cession reached Westminster, the American flag
was borne to the palace yard, and massed bands
played the American national anthem. Mr. W.
J. Hoppen, Secretary of the American Legation,
has written to the City Bemembrancer, saying he
is sure this graceful recognition of the ties bind
ing the two nations will be received with the
greatest pleasure in America.
A -special dispatch from Ottawa to the Globe
says it is intimated that at the approaching ses
sion a member will take the sense of Parliament
on the desirability of Canadian independence and
the election of the Chief Magistrate for Governor-General.