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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, NOVEMBER 12, 1881.
The National Tribune,
Best Eight-Page Weekly
Journal in the
And the only one published at the National
Capital exclusively in the interests of the
SOLDIERS and SAILORS.
It contains interesting reading matter for the
Family and Home Circle on every page, and is
suited to all classes of readers, both old and
Every number contains useful notes upon
Agricultural topics, valuable recipes, &c, &c,
thus making it just the paper for the
Farm as well as the Fireside.
In each issue is to be found short
original and selected, which, with various miscel
laneous matter, help to make up
A First-Class Family J.ournal
in every respect
One of its prominent features is the publication
of original and selected
Stories and Sketches of the
of the Rebellion, such as possess peculiar interest
to those who were in the Army, their friends and
relatives, as well as to the young generation now
rapidly growing up.
THE FIRM FRIEND
of all who perilled their lives in defense of the
Union, it makes the cause of the
SOLDIERS and SAILORS
of the country its own, and will advocate such
matters, and those only, as are best calculated to
secure to tv"m the just consideration which is
During the sessions of Congress it will carefully
watch the course of legislation, keeping its readers
fully posted upon all public matters, and espe
cially such as relate to ,. ?
aud other similar measures.
It will advocate the enactment of more liberal
iirge the claims of the
upon Congress, and also do everything which it
honorably and by fair means can, to secure the
passage of a law to
a measure of justice, regarding which there can
be no dispute.
Its columns will, from time to time, contain
valuable information for those having claims
against the Government, as well as leading arti
cles upon various subjects pertinent to the cur
rent of events.
Although not a political paper, in the partisan
sense, yet The National Tribune will devote
a portion of its space to matters of politics, but
advocate no party or faction that does not fully
and earnestly recognize the debt due to the men
who put down the Rebellion, and to their widows
ami orphan children. The
will contain a general summary of what is going
on in this and other lands, and especially what is
being done at the National Capital and in the
various Departments of the Government.
Attention will also be given to the various or
ganizations of ex-soldiers and sailors, and partic-
ularly to the
Grand Army of the Republic
throughout the United States.
In fact, it is the intention to make The
National Tribune such a complete journal of
instruction, information, and amusement, that
no ex-soldier or sailor, no claimant for pension or
bounty, no person interested in whatever pertains
to the late war, no loyal man, woman, or child
can afford to do without it.
As a means for enabling others to judge of its
merits, a sample copy of The National Tbibuxe
will 1)0 sent free to any address, upon request.
Office of Publication, 615 Fifteenth
Street, Washington, D. C.
ORIGIN OF THE "BAKER'S DOZEN."
Close by Market street (now Broadway) lived
and prospered a baker, the first man that ever
baked New-Year cakes in fact, the inventor of
them. The name of our frind was Volckert Jan
Pietersen Van Amsterdam, commonly known as
Baas. He was Dutch from his large feet te his
round, bald head, and had no respect for any one
or anything that was not Dutch. He was a
regular attendant at the old Dutch church, but
nevertheless, in constant fear of being bewitched.
His wife, Maritje, was economical even to saving
the parings of her nails, and his gingerbread
babies were always made in imitation of his
children. It was New-Year eve, 1655, and Baas
was in his shop dealing out cakes for small
pieces of money called wampum. He had taken
an extra glass of rum in honor of St. Nicholaus,
when he heard a sharp rap, and in walked as
ugly an old woman as ever he had set his eyes on.
"I want a dozen New-Year cookies," she
"Veil, den, you needn't sbeak so loud," replied
Baas. "Duyvel! I ain't teaf, den."
" I want a dozen," screamed the old woman,"
" and here is only twelve."
" Veil, den, und vhat de duyvel is dwalf but
a dozen?" said the baker.
"I tell you I want one more !" she shrieked.
"Veil, den," said he "you may go to the
duyvel und get anodder; you von't get it here."
From this time our baker's wife and himself
were made miserable. Their money and cookies
were taken away by invisible hands ; their bread
either rose out of their sight or sank into the
earth; their famous brick oven was torn down,
and poor Baas pelted with his own bricks;
Maritje became deaf; Baas was black and blue
from head to toe; and such a life as he led was
purgatory. Thrice the old woman appeared, and
thrice was she sent to " de duyvel." And at last,
in his agony, Baas bethought himself of St.
Nicholaus, who advised him, on hearing of his
troubles, when he counted a dozen to count
" Py St. Johannes de Dooper, put St. Nicholaus
is a great plockhead! " thought Baas ; and while
he was thus thinking St. Nick had vanished,
and in his stead was the old woman. She
repeated her demand for " one more," and Baas,
remembering St. Nicholaus, acceded to her de
mand, when she exclaimed, " The spell is broken,
and henceforward a dozen is thirteen, and thir
teen is a dozen." And, taking a cooky with an
effigy of the good saint on it, she made Baas
swear that ever attcrward twelve should be
thirteen, as a type of the thirteen mighty States
that should arise out of the ruins of the govern
ment of Vaderlandt.
It is well known how terribly St. Nicholaus
revenged himself upon those who set themselves
up against the venerable customs of their
ancestors, and refused the homage to him to
whose good offices it was owing that this his
favorite city has surpassed all others in beauti
ful damsels, valorous young men, mince pies,
and New-Year cookies. Harper's
A young man once picked up a sovereign lying
in the road. Ever afterward, as he walked alomr,
he kept his eyes steadily fixed on the ground, in
the hope of finding another. And, in the course
of a long life, he did pick up, at different times,
a good amount of gold and silver. But all these
days, as he was looking for them, he saw not that
heaven was bright above him him and nature was
beautiful around. He never once allowed his eyes
to look up from the mud and filth in which he
sought the treasure, and when he died, a rich old
man, he only knew this fair earth of ours as a dirty
road to pick up money as you walk along.
WHO INVENTED THE TELEPHONE?
A very important interference case, perhaps
the most important to the public and the parties
in interest that has ever been before the Patent
Office, is now being heard by Mr. Church, Exam
iner of Interferences. The main question in issue
is as to who was the original inventor of the
modern telephone, with which is also connected
sundry questions as to priority in the invention
of a number of improvements in devices perfect
ing the invention. The argument commenced on
Monday and will consume all this and possibly
extend into next week. The parties to the pres
ent hearing are Alexander Graham Bell, of Boston,
who holds the original patent; Edison, Gray
Dolber, McDonough, Irwin, and Voelker. The
owners of the Bell patent are also owners of the
rights of the three first-named inventors. Sev
eral others have put in claims for the invention
of the telephone, but have in one way or another
dropped out before the case reached this point.
All the applicants concede that the transmission
of sound by means of electricity through a wire
was known prior to the present discovery. The
former method, however, was by breaking and
closing the circuit, which, while it could transmit
music and other sounds, could not communicate
human speech, which is reproduced by the speak
ing telephones by means of electrical undulations
without the necessity of breaking and closing the
circuit. It is this principle that forms the basis
of the modern telephone, and the priority of dis
covery and application of this principle is the
main subject of controversy.
The revision of the war treasure of the German
Empire will shortly be made. This treasure,
which is said to amount to 120,000,000 marks in
gold coin, is deposited in the Julius Tower at
Spandau. The two commissioners whose duty
it is to verify the treasure each possess a key of
the chamber in which it is kept, and the door
opens only when the keys are applied simulta
neously. The treasure is divided into ten lots,
and each lot is further sub-divided into twelve
others of 1,000,000 marks each. This large sum
of 120,000,000 marks, or $30,000,000, earns no
Captain William Arthur, of the British navy,
who is now in Philadelphia, visits this country
for the purpose of inspecting all the harbor forti
fications on the Pacific coast as well as along the
Atlantic seaboard. Upon the completion of his
work in the United States he will go to South
America for a similar purpose.
DEATH RATHER THAN THE POOR-HOUSE.
Martin J. Evertz, a cigarmaker, over sixty years
of age, occupied two rooms on the third floor of a
rear house at No. 149 First avenue, New York
city. He had no one to care for him, and had
lived a life of poverty, isolated from all his fellow
tenants, with whom he rarely conversed. About
seven o'clock. Monday morning some of the ten
ants of the house" found his door open, and, enter
ing, discovered that Evertz, who had a wooden
leg, was sitting in a chair with one end of a cord
about his neck and the other end attached to a
nail in the wall. He was dead, and the body,
which was bent forward, was quite cold. The
man had evidently died by slow strangulation.
On a table near the body was a letter written in
German, of which the following is a free transla
Deae Feiends : My time is up, and I have
put an end to my life, how and when you will
now learn. I am a cripple and I cannot with ease
get around any more. I am getting old, too; am
over sixty, and daily find myself pushed aside by
younger men. I am not quick enough to work
among them, neither as cigarmaker nor watch
maker, and the old man goes to the wall. My
friends have deserted me and have no work for
me to do any more. My money is all gone ; I
cannot pay my rent, and I can find no one to loan
me anything. Help I cannot get none from any
one. I am alone-t-quite alone with only the
poorhouse or Blakwell's Island in prospect.
Thus I would slowly grieve to death ; therefore
I prefer this quicker way. I have no one and die
without regret. What is in my rooms my neigh
bors may have for looking after my body.
M. J. Evertz.
THE PRESIDENT'S CHOICE,
The room selected by President Arthur in the
White House for his own use is the northwest
chamber on the second floor. It is conveniently
near the private staircase and elevator, and is
one of the most cheerful rooms in the house.
Like nearly aUfthe other rooms in the far-known
"White Hou6e,'Mt is not without its histories.
The house legends tell how General Ta3rlor chose
it for his summer apartment in preference to any
other, and it was in it he breathed his last. At
a later period it gained the title of the State bed
room, and was occupied by those whom the suc
cessive Presidents there wished most to honor.
The Prince of Wales has slept in it, and even
that scion of royalty found it all-sufficient. The
city of Boston once furnished it, and the carving
on the woodwork of the furniture excited ad
miration for many a ckry. President Lincoln's
little son, Willie, a handsome child of twelve
years, closed his short life in this room. The
improvements in progress at the White House
will be very thorough, and are to be completed
by the return of the President from New York,
when he will take possession.
THE COMjaS THIS YEAR.
Two comets r-OJHBKproachum
O "-" """)
as it revisits us
once in every three and a half years, and the new i
one discovered in the northeast on the night that
President Garfield died. Neither is yet visible
to the naked eye.Siicke's rarely becomes bright
enough to be se.en without telescopes, but the new
comet has possibilities. It would not be unpre
cedented if we should have two brilliant comets
this year. Two of the grandest comets on record
appeared in the year 1402. At the very time that I
the enormous comet of 1618 was scaring Europe j
another huge comet was visible in the Southern
Hemisphere. It is also a mistake to suppose that J
1881 has furnished an unprecedented number of
comets. Only four new comets have been dis
covered this year. In 1858, the year of the great
comet, no less than eight comets were seen, of
which six were new ones. In 1846 there were
nine comets visible, of which eight had never
been seen before. There have been many years
in which four and five comets have been seen.
So, whatever may be claimed for 1881 on account
of its other marvels, it'certainly does not yet take
the front rank as a comet year.
THE IRISH LAND COURT.
It is yet too early to give a final opinion of the
work of the Land Cammissioners, for after all the
real test of the act must be made on the monster
estates in the west and southwest of Ireland,
where famine occurs in bad seasons and where
there are thousands and thousands of tenants pay
ing from 1 to 3 yearly to whom twenty-five
per cent, off their rents would be of little or no
benefit, yet upon whose holdings the landlords
have spent thousands on improvements. The
number of applications to fix fair rent now before
the Land Court reaches 16,000. The commission
which opens in Claremorris, the cradle of the ag
itation, on Monday, will have to deal with that
phase of the land question which is purely char
acteristic, of Ireland. The landlords are appre
hensive, but are awaiting a decision upon some
of the well-managQf5tates in the west before
giving up the fight. ' :.
A representative of TJie Critic recently made
an interesting discovery in the form of a storage
room in the Senate wing of the Capitol for house
hold goods of Senators. Desks, cradles, tables,
chairs, clothes-baskets, trunks, and hundreds of
other articles are stored in the room, which is lo
cated in the basement. They are hauled there in
Senate wagons, stored free of charge and carried
bach to Senators' residences when needed. Even
Well, what harm in it?
"The Health of Washington!" exclaimed old
Mrs. Pinaphor, reading the big head-line in the
newspaper. "Why, I thought Washington was
dead ! Well," she added, wiping her spectacles
with the corner of her handkerchief, "I hope
they won't let Dr. Bliss get at him with his de
structive balance." Norristown Herald.
It is not until we have passed through the fur
nace that we are made to know how much dross
was in our composition.
We mount to heaven mostly on the ruins of
our cherished schemes, finding our failures were
A sheep may get fat in a small meadow and
starve in a great desert.
JAN'Y 1, SECURES THE NATIONAL
TRIBUNE FOR ONE YEAR.
Sample Copies Free.-Send For One.
I1 Tr YlT P H1 Tr T TT iXlf 9 IV
ITJDiVX;jrJL!J JDJ .1 J & JlYXVi.
WASHINGTON, D. C,
Attorney -at -Law and Solicitor
United States and Foreign
Established in 1865.
CAN I OBTAIN A PATENT?
Send a rough sketch or (if you can) a model of your
invention to George E. Lemon, Washington, D. C,
and a Preliminary Examination will be made of all
United States Patents of the same class of inventions,
and you will be advised whether or not a patent can be
For this Preliminary Examination No Charge is Made.
WHAT WILL A PATENT COST?
If you are advised that your invention is patentable,
send S20, to pay Government application fee of Slo, and
$5 for the drawings required by the Government. This
amount is payable when the application is made. This
is all of the expense, unless a patent is allowed. When
allowed the attorney's fee (25) and the final Government
fee ($20) is payable.
By these terms you know beforehand, for nothing,
whether you are going to get a patent or not, and no
attorney's fee is cliarged unless you do get a patent.
An attorney whose fee depends on his success in obtain
ing the patent will not advise you that your invention
is patentable, unless it really ift patentable, so far as his
best judgment can aid in determining the question;
hence, you can rely on the advice given after a prelimi
nary examination is had.
DESIGN PATENTS and the REGISTRATION OF
LABELS and TRADE-MARKS secured.
CAVEATS prepared and filed.
Applications for the REISSUE OF PATENTS care
fully and skillfully prepared and promptly prosecuted.
Applications in revivor of rejected, abandoned, or for
feited cases made. Very often valuable inventions are
saved in these classes of cases.
If you have undertaken to secure your own patent
and failed, a skillful handling of the ease may lead to
commissioner of Patents that he recognize George e
Lemon, of Washington, D. C, as your attorney in the
case, giving the title of the invention and about the date
atnraa Qanrl rtte xiwt ffvuimt oJ1 tnL'url f rx f lin
oi nnng your application, aii examination win uemaae
of the case, and you will be informed whether or not a
patent can be obtained. This examination and report
will cost you nothing.
Interference Contests arising within the Patent
Office between two or more rival claimants to the same
subject-matter of invention, attended to.
Appeal Remedies pursued in relief from adverse
Searches made for title to inventions.
Copies of Patents furnished at the regular Govern
ment rates, (25 cents each, if subsequent to 1866. Pre
vious patents, not printed, at cost of making copies.)
Copies of Official Records furnished.
Opinions rendered as to scope, validity, and infringe
ment of Patents.
In fact, any information relating to Patents and to
property rights in inventions promptly furnished on the
most reasonable terms.
Remember this office has been in successful operation
since 1865, and you therefore reap the benefits of experi
ence. Address, with stamp for reply,
GEORGE E. LEMON,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
trtp Reference given to actual clients in almost every
county in the United States.
ORGANS AND PIANOS.
Daniel F. Beatty's Manufactory.
, SV- Sfclroad Ave., Beatty St.,
Washington, New Jersey, United States of America.
Over three (3) acres or space with eleven
ill) additional acres for Lumber Yards &c.)
- IheLargest and Most Complete Estab
lishment of the kind on the Globe.
VISITORS ARE ALWAYS WELCOME.
GRAND ORGAN. New Stvl
No. 9000, 27 8T0PS U Oct
aves of the Celebrated 60L
DEH TONGUE REEDS. It
is the Finest Organ ever
made. A Caveat Is filed
at the Patent Office, to pro
w.fc iu xo oxner manufact
urer can build this Oraatu
Price with Stool.Mu-rth A
sic and Book onlyfogy
0gan, $30and upwards, in great Variety? P
GRAND, SOU ARE
to $1600. Warranted
If yon cannot visit mo be
sure to send IT.- t.
Deal direct wHh ,, .
ulffiLn?118 "Wijiemcn'a profitg, Write for
- wpuiuiiiuwrs. ADDE2S3 OB CAM. UPON
Daniel, p beatty
Washington, New Jersefc'United Stat of Amwfci
I yq'f"-n 'irttiyjf
I IjJcsri ??! rffh.
ATTENTION 1 1
i Answers to Correspondents.
We are obliged to answer certain inquiries of the same
J nature in each issue of our paper. While we cheerfully
, furnish information to subscribers in this column, we
auSt that much labor, time, and expense may be saved
J both to ourselves and to our correspondents, if the latter
and other subscribers would keep a file of the paier.
They could then, at any time, turn to the file and proba
bly find the very inquiry answered about which they
would have written to us. We trust that each and every
j subscriber will profit by this suggestion.
X. E., Marion, Ind. If you wish a position in
the General Post-Office here your letter should be
directed to the First Assistant Postmaster-General,
who has charge of the appointment office.
T. C. M., St. Louis, Mo. Yes. Quartermaster
General Meigs was in office during the entire war of
the rebellion, and is Quartermaster-General now.
H. J. D., Easton, Pa. If you wish to take out a
patent, see advertisement on last page of this paper.
W. W. M., Canton, Pa. A party purchasing a
soldiers' discharge cannot secure an allowance or
privilege thereon: the discharge cannot he made
available in obtaining land from the Government.
C. M., Terre Haute, Ind. If you are physically
u nable to report for examination, your attending or
other physician should make an affidavit to that
effect. Upon forwarding the affidavit to the Com
missioner of Pensions, he will provide for your ex
amination at home. Your pension, when allowed,
will he paid to you all at one time.
D. R. S., Springfield, III. The law provides
that every officer, soldier, sailor, and marine, who,
in the line of duty, in the military or naval service
of the United Suites, shall have lost a limb, or sus
tained bodily injuries, depriving him of the use of
any of his limbs, shall receive once every five years
an artificial limb, or appliance, or commutation there
for. Application should be made to the Surgeon
General of the Army in this city.
C. D. W., Alton, III. The mother of a deceased
soldier, in order to obtain a pension, must prove that
she was wholly or in part dependent upon him for
support at the date of his death, and that he left
neither widow uor minor children surviving him.
B. W. W., Rome, X. Y. In regard to locating a
homestead, you should address the Commissioner of
the General Land Office in this city-, who will fur
nish full information. You do not require his name
and city address.
C. V., Springfield, Mass. Pay stopped by sen-
tence of courts-martial cannot be recovered.
L. D.. Wilmington, Del. The Commissioner of
Pensions has the ower and authority to reject a
claim which he does not reard as meritorious or
fully established. If the claim is established to the
satisfycrioii of the Commissioner, he does not reject
H. Y. L., Portland, Me. There are ten Chiefs of
Bureaus of the War Department who are officers of
the Regular anny, viz : the Adjutant-General, Inspector-General,
Quartermaster -General, Commissary-General,
Chief of Engineers, Chief of Ordnance, Judge Advocate-General,
and Chief Signal Officer.
O. G., Syracuse, X. Y. The Commissioner of
Agriculture may give you the information you seek.
D. "W., Dayton, O. General Grant did not imme
diately succeed McClellan in command of the Army
of the Potomac. Burnside, Hooker, and Meade in
tervened between them.
G. H., Brattleboro, Vt. The arrears of pen
sion law does not make any provision for an earlier
commencement of pension to a dependent father,
where the mother survived the soldier as in your
case than from the termination of the right of the
mother. The right of the mother terminated at her
death, and as you have been allowed pension from
the date of her death, you are not entitled under the
If the persons who desired the addresses of the
following parties will write The National Tri
bune, the required information can now be fur
1. Of some one who was an inmate of hospital on
Bedloe's Island. New York Harbor, during 1S64-5.
We have mislaid our correspondent's letters of
request, hence this notice.
Remaining answers next week.
FREE TO EVERYBODY !
A BEAUTIFUL BOOK FOR THE ASKING !
By applying personally at the nearest office of THE
SINGER MANUFACTURING CO. (or by postal card if
at a distance,) any aduli person will be presented with a
beautifully illustrated copy of a New Book entitled
STORY OF THE SEWING MACHINE
containing a handsome und costly steel engraving frontis
piece; also, 28 finely engraved wood cuts, and bound in
an elaborate blue -and -gold lithographed cover. No
charge whatever is made for this handsome book, which
can be obtained only by application at the branch and
subordinate offices of The Singer Manufacturing Co.
The Singer Manufacturing Co.
Principal Olllce, 34 Union Square,
The Gentleman's Monthly
Is the Only Magazine in the United States devoted to the
Manly Sports. All the Best "Writers contribute to its
pages. Articles on the Game Birds and Game Fishes;
Sketches of Doing by Flood and Field; Interesting
Stories. On trial hix montlis for 50 cents. Send Stamp
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