Newspaper Page Text
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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS.
WASHINGTON, D. C, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1881
NEW SERIES VOL-1., N-14.
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GUITEAU THE ASSASSIN.
HIS TRIAL BEGUN IN THE CRIMINAL COUR i
A Hotkm for a Continuance Denied Empaneling the
Jury A Warm Ihcns!on Exciting Seem.
Incidents of U Firt Daj.
The trial of Charles J. Guiteau for tho aasina
tion of the late President Garfield began on Mon
day, and the excitement consequent upon his
being brought before a jury to answer for his
eruel and fiendish act was but little more than
has been witnessed upon trials of much less im
The best of order was preserved from the be
ginning. The prisoner was brought from the jail to the
City Hall early in the morning, and as ten o'clock
drew near people began to arrive and hurry
around the halls and porticos to await the open
ing of the doors. A policeman was stationed at
every door, and others were distributed through
At ten minutes to ten o'clock, District-Attorney
Corkhill, Mr. Davidge, and Judge Porter,
counsel for the Government, entered, and right
behind them came Mr. George Scoville, the de
fendant's counsel. In the meantime the room
filled, up slowly. Four seats at a table immedi
ately in front of the clerk's desk were reserved
for Guiteau and counsel.
By two o'clock the court-room was packed full
of spectators, and shortly afterwards
Gt'lTEAU'S SISTER AND BROTHER
entered and took seats at the prisoner's table.
Judge Cox followed immediately, and the court
was called to order.
The preliminaries being over. Guiteau, led by
Deputy-Marshal Williams, and followed by two
policemen, was led in through the door of the
witness room on the right. He was dressed in
black, and wore a whito shirt and collar and
His entrance created a buzz of excitement but
no confusion. The handcuffs were taken from
the prisoner's hands and he sank into his seat.
There was a wild sort of look in his eyes, but he
betrayed neither nervousness nor excitement.
His formerly short-cropped hair had grown suffi
ciently to allow him to part it, and his beard
having grown out, ho was more presentable than
when brought into court to plead. On taking
his seat Guiteau looked humbly around the room,
rubbed his hands, picked up a sheet of paper
lying on the table, threw it down again, and then
turning to his sister, Mrs Scoville, shook hands
with her. He nodded his head with a short
jerk to his brother, and then settled back into
his chair, his face
ASSUMING A SCOWL.
Colonel Corkhill gave notice to the Court that
the Government was ready to proceed with the
trial of Charles J. Guiteau. Mr. Eobinson, for
the defendant, thou rose, and in an address last
ing about fifteen minutes, made application for
the appointment of additional counsel to assist
the defense, and also for an extension of time in
which to prepare for trial.
After Mr. Robinson had ceased, Guiteau arose,
and, asking the attention of the Court, said that
he wanted to say something in his own be
half. He held in his hands several pages of man
uscript, and was about to read from it when the
Court called his attention to the fact that this
was a motion of couusel for a postponement.
Guiteau said that he did not want the trial
postponed, but was ready and wanted to go ahead
then and there. He wanted to read what he had
The Court interrupted, him and he sat down.
Afterwards he again addressed the Court :
"i DESIRE, YOUR HONOR"
but the hubbub among the spectators interrupted
him again. When order was preserved, Guiteau,
who by that time began to show signs of increas
ing excitement, brought his fist down on the
table with a bang, and continued: " I have here a
statement to the public I desire 1o read."
The Court "Well, if that Is the case you cam
not read it now."
Guiteau u Hut. your Honor, I "
The Court" Sit down, sir."
Guiteau took his seat with a scowl, and a gen
eral sensation prevailed. When the excitement
subsided, Col. Corkhill aroso and protested against
Mr. Robinson's application.
Mr. Robinson handed to the Court his affidavit
setting forth the object of the desired continu
ance. The Court read the paper and passed it to the
District Attorney. It was subsequently filed.
The affidavit simply set forth that the deponent
had knowledge of three witnesses who, prior to
July 1 , 1881, had met and conversed with Guiteau,
and were convinced of his insanity, and that they
could be brought hero by the first of December.
Mr. Scoville, who had been a quiet looker-on,
here rose hastily and entered a protest to such
proceedings. e was indignant over the fact
that he had been very unprofessional!? treated
by Mr. Robinson, his associate, and if it was per
sisted in he would retire from the case.
HERE UUITEAU SPRANG Ul,
and pounding the table with Ids fist excitedly, as
though greatly enraged, shouted: "And I indorse
every word that Mr. Scoville has said. 1 say
-now to Mr. Robinson that if le don't conduct
this case as I want him to he can get off the
The officers seized tho excited man and endeav
ored to make him sit down, but he shook them
off. shouting: "Let me alone. Mind your own
The court-room was naturally thrown into a
state of confusion, and it was some little time
before quiet was secured.
Mr. Robinson attempted to proceed again, but
Guiteau got up again with the remark: "You
please sit down ; if the Court pleases, I want no
more talk out of Air. Robinson.''
The officers forced Guiteau into lu3 chair again,
and Mr. Robinson proceeded.
He said he was sorry this trouble had arisen.
He certainly meant no disrespect. He then re
newed his application.
Guiteau here made another attempt to scram
ble to his feet, but was held down by the officers.
He was not prevented from shouting, though,
"i don't want rorinson
in the ease; I don't like the way he talks:"
The Court said he was placed in rather an em
barrassing position, in consequence of the division
of the opinion of counsel. He was inclined to
grant the time asked for, and while he was not
willing to encourage delay, the reproach should
not rest upon the Court that the prisoner had
been hurried to the gallows. . .
He proposed to give a fair and impartial trial.
Guiteau, on his feet again, his eyes flashing
"Your Honor, I don't want Robinson in this case.
He came into it without my knowledge. I ask
him now peremptorily to retire. I expect to have
money soon and can employ my own counsel. 1
am neither a beggar nor a pauper."
Mr. Scoville asked the Court to consider his
position, his wishes and the wishes of the prison
er's relatives who were present. He did not want
any counsel appointed or witnesses sent for with
out his having been consulted.
" In other words, to end up with, your Honor,"
Guiteau exclaimed, loudly, " we don't want Rob
inson ; that's peremptory."
Mr. Scoville " Keep qniet, sir ; and sit down."
Guiteau sat down reluctantly and with a scowl.
Continuing, Mr. Scoville said that he, too, had
consulted with eminent lawyereto assist him. in
this case. Among them were R. T. Merrick and
Gen. B. P. Butler. They had expressed willing
ness to enter the case provided it could be at a
time when their previous pressing engagements
were disposed of. Gen. Butler was the choice of
the prisoner and his relatives, and if a postpone
ment was to be granted he thought it should be
until one of the two eminent gentlemen named
or some other eminent counsel could be secured
by the defense. He did not wish to work in the
dark. The Court said he would give the defense
time to make such arrangements as the case pro
ceeded. As for the present the business of
SELECTING A JURY
and hearing the testimony of the Government
should go ahead.
Mr. Robinson and Guiteau here arose simulta
neously. The latter talked excitedly aud unin
telligibly, the only audible expression being "I
don't want Robinson." The Court told him to
sit down, Guiteau replying: "Of course I will, if
the Court says so."
Mr. Robinson then explained how industrious
ly he had worked in endeavoring to meet the
opening of the trial to-day properly.
Guiteau (sotlo voce) "I have a right to select
my own counsel, and I don't want you."
Mr. Scoville " I hope your Honor won't allow
the employment of counsel for the defense with
out my knowledge."
The Court " Your privileges shall be respect
ed.' Guiteau tried to get up again, but was held
back by the officers. He scowled at them and
struggling exclaimed : " Let me go, will you : I
am in the presence of the Court and will talk
when I please."
Guiteau having been quieted down, the process
of impaneling a jury was proceeded with. The
first juror called was B. Lewis Blackford. Upon
his taking the witness stand Judge Cox made an
address, explaining the nature of the disqualifi
cations rendering a juror incompetent to serve.
ONLY FIVE JURORS
were selected out of the panel, and then an order
for additional talesmen was issued, and a num
ber of extra deputy-bailiffs were sworn in. While
this was being done, Guiteau sprang to his feet
again, and in a rather modified voice, said : " Your
Honor, allow me a moment. I desire to make a
speech in this court-room to-morrow morning. I
District Attorney Corkhill "I hope your
Honor will compel the prisoner to sit down."
The Court "The prisoner will take his seat."
Guiteau (turning to Corkhill) "I know my
place, sir, and desire that you know your's. I am a
lawyer. I want my speech heard. It may influ
ence public opinion. I don't want any interfer
ence (this to his counsel and the officers, who
were endeavoring to make him sit down). I
don't know but, after all, I will defend this, case
He was finally quieted. The jurymen were in
structed not to converse with outsiders or read
the newspapers, aud after deciding to take a re
cess daily at noon for half an hour, and to adjourn
each day at three o'clock, the Court at 1:10 o'clock
Continued on Fifth page
CABLEGRAMS FROM. EUROPE.
WHAT IS BEING DONE AND SAID ABROAD.
Virginia Bonds The Nihilists CIioIpm-, In Mecca Tur
key and tho Berlin Treaty Earthquake nt
Chios Irish Land Court, kr& V.
Mr. Archibald McArthur, said fp be the oldest
man in Scotland, died a few days'ago at -Dunoon.
He was born September 5, 1777, ttiid was thus in
his one hundred and fifth year. For many years
he carried on evangelistic work among the Gaelic
A veteran watchmaker at Yonvry, Switzer
land, claims to have invented a process by which
watches will run for years without winding up.
A sealed box containing two watches intrusted
to the municipal authorities on January 19,
1879, has just been opened, and the watches were
Advices from Cape Coast Castledated October
16, state that information has been received there
that the king of Ash an tee has killed two hun
dred young girls for the purpose of using their
blood for mixing mortar for the 'pair of one of
the state buildings. The report. of the massacre
was received from a refugee, vhovwas to have
been one of the victims. It rec6k'ea some con
firmation also in the fact that such wholesale
massacres are known to be a custom with the
Count Andraesy in his remarks in the Hunga
rian delegation said that during the whole of his
ministerial career he had been convinced that
the union of Italy and Austria was a great and
important factor in preservation of European
Mr. Parnell has written to a member of the
Wicklow hunt, inclosing a subscription to the
hounds, and stating that he hope3 hunting will
not be stopped.
Captain Kennedy, of the White Star line
steamer Germanic, has been fined 10 for bring
ing into the Liverpool dock three cases of car
tridges, shipped at New Yorkf i spite of the
prohibition, and Tjofi tBjggegp jy. bill of
Right Hon. William Brand, Speaker of the
House of Commons, yesterday unveiled a memo
rial to Thomas Clarkson, the English philanthro
pist and abolitionist, at Wisbeach, Cambridge
shire. The memorial is the work of Gilbert
Scott, and cost 2,000.
London. The Economist says: "Virginia
funded bonds have fallen 6, because of the suc
cess of the readjustment party at the recent
A dispatch to the Standard from Vienna says:
"There have been serious earthquakes at Chios,
and the village is sinking into the earth. The
inhabitants have fled."
A Berlin dispatch to the Standard says:
"Several Socialists at Regensburg, Bavaria, have
been arrested, charged with having connection
with the Swiss Nihilists. The police have ar
rested at Sosnowica, in Russian Poland, a man
with a French passport, and sent him in chains
to Warsaw. The prisoner confessed that several
Nihilists from Paris had gone to St. Petersburg,
where a plot was expected soon to mature."
Jockey MacDonald has died from injuries re
ceived b3r being thrown from Buchanan in the
race for the Liverpool autumn cup on the 10th
instant. He was twenty-five years old. He did
not rank as a first-class jockey until the Czare
wich race at Newmarket this year, when he rode
J. B. Keene's Foxall to victory.
The Monoghan Land Commission on the 12th
rendered decisions in all pending cases, granting
in nearly every instance a reduction of from ten
to twenty per cent, in rent. In one case in Mono
ghan the rent was raised by the commission half
a crown from seventy-five shillings.
Alexandria, Egypt. A telegram dated
Djiddah, November G, announces that cholera
at Mecca has increased. The mortality on the
3d, 4th, and 5th was 55, 215 and 214 respectively.
Caravans comprising 5,000 pilgrims left Mecca
on the Gth instant, and it is feared that the
4G0 Egyptian troops stationed at El Wadj will
be unwilling or unable to prevent them from
entering the town. The sanitary commission
will probably establish a strict quarantine against
Dublin. Among the applications for fixing
judicial rent recorded are 130 on the estate of
Sir George Colthurst, of Cork; others on estates
of the endowed school commissioners, and of the
Marquis of Ely, in Fermanagh county, and 170
on the estates of the McNamara minors, where
the tenants have long refused to pay rent. The
land commission has resolved that in all cases
where notices have been served on or before
to-day it will note the application, even if it sit
until midnight. This greatly increases tenants'
The Austrian Ambassador to Rome has as
sured the Italian government of the eordial feel
ing of Austria toward Italy.
Lord Granville in his speech at Guildhall dwelt
on the friendly feeling existing between America
Mr. Gladstone's Guildhall speech is regarded
as a warning to Irish tenants who refuse to pay
DINNER TO SIR LIONEL WEST.
A dinner was given to the Hon. Lionel S. S.
West, the new British Minister, at Wormley's
Hotel last week, by Mr. Drummond, the charge
d? affaires in the absence of S)r Edward Thornton,
the ex-Minister. The dining-room was tastefully
and elaborately decorated with flowers and potted
plants, and many beautiful floral designs orna
mented the table, Mr. Worm ley having given carte
Blanche to Mr. John H. Small for this branch of
ornamentation, and thargentleman displayed even
more than his usual artistic skill in the arrange
ment and display. No ladies were present. The
gentlemen spent the evening in drinking toasts
and discussing tho dinner, which was such as
Wormley only can give, until a late hour. Mr.
West responded to the toasts in a happy vein.
Those present were the Hon. Lionel S. S. West,
the new Minister; General W. T. Sherman, Vis
count das Noguciras, Portugese Minister; Chief
Justice Waite, Admiral D. D. Porter, Mr. Drum
mond, Count Lippe,the Austrian Minister; Aris
tarchi Bey, the Turkish Minister; Mr. George
Bancroft, Mr. Edward Thornton, son of the ex
Miniser; Colonel Cutts, Captain Arthur, Freder
ick Adam, aud George F. Montague, of the British
Legation; Mr. William Hunter, Acting St-cretary
of State; Major W. J. Twining, Count Leweu
haupt, Swedish Minister; Captain Story, and Sir
Leonard Filley, the Canadian Minister of Finance.
M'VEAGH TO BLAME,
During the progress of the arguments in the
Star-route cases Colonel Corkhill, who had been
centured for adjourning the grand jury, thereby
necessitating, as alleged, the filing or an informa
tion against the accused, made a statement,
clearly fixing the blame upon the late Mr. Mac
Veagh. Ho closed by saying :
" I desire therefore to state plainly and publicly,
so that there may be no misunderstanding
" First. That I am and have been in. as abso
lute ignorance of every fact connected with these
so-called 'Star-route cases' as is your honor.
"Second. That the adjournment of the grand
jury to October 3 was decided upon and deter
mined the 19th of last July without any reference
to these cases.
. "Third. That the grand jury would have been
recalled immediately 2ial wirr wc uoH'st ma
there was any public business requiring their
" Fourth. That before the grand jury were ad
journed I called upon the Attorney-General of
the United States and informed him of the pro
posed adjournment, and asked him the direct
question whether any of these 'Star-route cases'
were ready, and that his reply was, that I had
nothing to do with them, and that when my
services or that of the grand jury were wanted I
would be notified."
At the conclusion of Colonel Corkhill's re
marks Judge Cox said that the statement of facts,
so far as within his knowledge, was correct.
OUR LITTLE ARMY.
Total enlisted force of the Army of tho United
States, October, 1831, 23,596.
There are 120 companies of cavalry, 60 of artil
tery, and 250 of infantry. By dividing the total
force of each arm of service by the number of com
panies, we have the average strength of company
for cavalry, 53 enlisted men ; for artillery, 40
enlisted men ; for infantry, 41 enlisted men. These
numbers embrace 12 non-commissioned officers
and musicians, leaving only 46, 23, and 29 privates,
respectively numbers so small that the compan
ies are almost ridiculous, compelling command
ing officers to group two, and even four, compa
nies together to perform the work of one. From
General Sherman's Report.
EQUALIZATION OF BOUNTIES.
Last week a meeting of soldiers and sailors was
held in Philadelphia, Pa., for the purpose of se
curing an equalization of bounties, and the pas
sage of a bill providing for that object by Con
OUR ROTTEN NAVY.
The report of the Naval Advisory Board, just
made, shows that in the navy there are but 21
serviceable vessels, and that probably not over
half a dozen of these are suited for war purposes.
The board reports in favor of building at once 41
ships, in several classes, 2 of over 5,000 tons, to
steam 15 knots ; 6 of over 4,000 tons, to steam 14
knots; 13 of 3,500 tons, to steam 13 knots, and a
lot of gunboats to steam 10 knots.
The official returns of last week's elections
show that the Republicans carried the States of
Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Penn
sylvania, Kansas, Colorado, Minnesota, Nebraska,
The Readj usters, opposed to the Bourbon De
mocracy, carried Virginia, and the Republicans
carried their State ticket in New York, with the
exception of Hustod for State Treasurer, although
the Democrats have a majority in the Legislature
and gain one Congressman.
The general result so far as it affects National
politics wille to give to the Republicans a
Senator from New Jersey and also one from Vir
ginia, a gain of two.
Railway traffic in Central Russia is greatly
impeded by snow, which has prevented the mow
ing of winter wheat, especially in Kharsofi.
WHAT IS GOING ON AT HOME.
NEWS GATHERED FROM VARIOUS SOURCES.
Bnllriozing a Postmaster The Flipper Conrt-Martial.
Fires 31iclilgan Relief Fund No Wine Bills
Paid (en. Burnsido's Prowerty, Ac.
Postmaster Statham, of Lynchburg, Va., when
he assumed charge on Saturday, found himself in
a peck of trouble, the late assistant postmaster
and several of the clerks refusing to render him
any assistance. In response to a telegram Post
master Ainger helped him out of his difficulty by
sending one of his best and most experienced
clerks, Mr. J. H. Par.sh, to his relief.
Adjutant-General Drum and Colonel Barr, Sec
retary Lincoln's military secretary, have left for
the West, to make the semi-annual inspection of
the military prison at Fort Leavenworth. Gen
eral McDowell will meet them at Leavenworth.
Captain George Lessard, one of the First Napo
leon's officers in the Peninsular War, is still liv
ing in Montreal at the age of 104 years.
Stephen W, Phoenix, who died in New York a
lew days ago, once spent 10,000 in publishing a
genealogical work for private circulation.
Lieutenant Wilhelmj, of the First Infantry,
last week testified in ihe Flipper trial as to the
circumstances attending the discovery of the dis
crepancy in Flipper's accounts, the searching of
his quarters and his subsequent arrest. Nothing
different from what was published at the time of
the latter event was brought out in the testi
mony. Two hotels and a number of stores and factories -were
burned at Modesto, CaL, November 12, caus
ing a loss of about 50,000, on which the insur
ance is light. A. H. Chapman, a sheep herder,
was burned to death in one of the hotels. An
explosion of powder frightened ti crowd away
and checked their efforts to put out the fire
Subscriptions have been received towards the
Michigan Relief Fund, swelling the amount to
Fire Commissioner Purroy has sent to Mayor
Grace $2,371.50, proceed of tickets sold by fire
men vi tlio city for an entertainment to be given
at Niblo's Garden in aid of the Michigan sufferers.
Owing to the prevelence of smallpox in Bid
deford, Me., all of the public schools have been
closed. Over three thonsand persons have been
vaccinated. There have been fifteen cases, six
of which proved fatal.
Commodore Clark H. Wells, U. S. N., now chief
signal officer of the navy, will be ordered to the
command of tho Kittery navy-yard, Portsmonth,
N. H., to relieve Commodore John C. Beaumont,
December 1, who vacates the command on being
promoted to rear-admiral.
Captain C. W. Rogers, general manager of the
St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad has been
advised that the upper house of the council of
the Choctaw Indian nation had passed the bill
granting the right of way through the Nation to
that road, and that it had been approved by the
chief of the nation.
Governor Littlefield, of Rhode Island, refuses
to pass the bills for wine at the French banquet
in Newport. t
General Burnside's property was so heavily en
cumbered that the heirs will get nothing.
It is expected that Commodore Samuel R.
Franklin, U. S. N., will be detailed as chief sig
nal officer of the navy, to take effect December 1.
Ex-Senator Daniel M. Cole died Wednesday at
Albion, N. Y., aged seventy years, after a long
Dr. John M. Leonard, of Burlington, Mich., has
been arraigned at Detroit and pleaded guilty to a
charge of making counterfeit coin.
The National Rifle Association of America have
Issued a notice in which they state that they have
uuder consideration the sending of a National
Guard team to Wimbledon next July, provided a.
match can be organized with the. British National
Rifle Association, and that a team can be organ
ized which will be properly represented aud suf
At Crown Point, Lake county, Ind., recently,
one of the largest real estate transfers ever made
in that section of the country occurred. Mrs.
Caroline Forsyth and her husband, Colonel
Jacob Forsyth, signed a warrantee deed on an
8.000-acrc tract of land owned by them, located
about fourteen mites from Chicago, for which
$1,000,000 is the consideration, of which $350,000.
in cash was paid Wednesday. He made his deedt
to William W. Green, of New Jersey, who imme
diately gave a warrantee deed to the Eatt Chi
cago Improvement. Company, the consideration
Colonel Thomas W. C. Moore, who served dur
ing the war ns an aide-de-camp on the staff of
Lieutenant-General Sheridan, died November 6,
1881, at St. Luke's Hospital, New York. He and
Colonel Michael V. Sheridan were appointed aides
the same day, May 18, 1861.
An interesting Revolutionary relic a sworcl
presented by Congress during the war of 1S12 to
Charles Chester Reid for gallant services on, board
the privateer General Armstrong, is for saiu at the
corner of Bowery :aiu DeluBCy streets, Xew York
City, for ?500.