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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASIIINGTON,,.! C-, NOVEMBER 19, 1881.
Ill the annuls of French jurisprudence is re
corded a case that occurred, I think, in the last
century (or, perhaps, earlier, for I do not recollect
the precise date) of a woman who left her baby
on a plat of mass, thinking that no harm could
possibly come to it there, and a hog came along
and ate it up; and the case was brought before
a magistrate on the question whether the owner
of the hog could not be held responsible for the
murder. The magistrate decided that he could
not; but decreed that he should forfeit his owner
ship of the animal, not to the mother, but to the
State, and that the hog should be hung; which
verdict was duly executed.
If Guiteau is hung, it will be an exactly par
allel case. His life is no equivalent for Garfield's;
as well might 0 be balanced against infinity, or
a rush-light against the sun. No punishment
can atone for his crime, and only utter contempt
can justly be awarded him for it. As the Dutch
man said, "hanging is too good for him; he ought
to be kicked."
Guiteau is undoubtedly crazy ; or. at any rate,
is the subject of that aberration of mind which
prodnces overweening propensity to crazy action;
and the only suitable award for his deed would
be to consign him for life to a lunatic asylum
or a prison: but not as a punishment. But there
is ne lunatic asylum in the United States that
could hold him from the vengeance of a justly
infuriated people, and it is doubtful if a prison
either could do so. or if a prison or asylum could
be even found in F.urope that could hold him.
The Siberian mines possibly might. But how
could he Ik; sentenced to the mines of .Siberia ?
Perhaps, after all, it will be best to hang him,
merely to j;et rid of him, but not as a penalty.
The law has no penalty for his crime. Or, per
haps, it will be as well to leave him to escape the
vengeance of a mob as best he can. But let not
the law make itself ridiculous by sentencing him
as a common murderer.
Garfield is dead ! A Nation mourns! Audits
wail is echoed from every part of the world!
Garfield is dead! And the hanging of a thous
and Gniteaus could not bring him again to life,
or replace him in the Presidential chair. The
hanging of a thousand Guiteaus could not recom
pense his death, nor the loss to his family, to
his country, to the world, which that death has
occasioned, nor lift one atom of the sorrow that
weighs upon our hearts. That sorrow is too
mighty to be atoned by the death of such a man
as Guiteau: and to hang him. by legal sentence,
would be to give him an importance he does not
deserve. Let the law pronounce him guilty, and
then let the court discharge him, inasmuch as
the law has provided no punishment for his offense.
Note. As showing the current of public
feeling in some sections of the country, we pub
lish the above, written by Commodore W.B. Whit
ing, but must differ with him as regards the
course which ought to be pursued in Guiteau's
This is a country of law. The humblest, most
depraved citizen is guaranteed equal rights and
privileges with the most exalted and noblest.
Bv fore -the lawtbe late" President iriusT stand
in his individual capacity as a man a worthy
and law-abiding citizen.
The crime that took, him from us was murder
of the basest kind, and for that crime his assassin
should be tried, and, if convicted, punished as
the law directs.
Of his conviction we have no doubt. We do
not believe that his insanity is of that character
that will shield him from the consequences of i
his infernal deed. But if it should be made
clearly to appear that he was irresponsible when
lie fired the fatal shot, then, in such case, he
should be dealt with as would be any other crim
inal, and sent to a lunatic asvlum.
It is true that a thousand Guiteaus are not to
be weighed in the balance against one Garfield:
but we assert that the stability of society and
our self-respect as a Nation depend upon do j
ing strict justice under the law, no matter how j
distasteful to us such course may be. Ed. Na- j
tional Tribune. !
A FLOURISHING POST. i
Rochester Post, 1S3,G. A. K., located at Roches- I
ter, Pa., organixed one year ago, now has 126 j
members and is in a fiourkhing condition. Con- I
gressman Shallenberger is Senior Vice-Corn- !
mander and an active member of the Post, which
owns the hall, ukely furnished, in which meet
ings are held. There arc four posts of l.a G.
A. J?., aggregating a membership of about 500,
in Beaver county.
General W'illcoi.of the army, w ill shortly marry
the widow of a Chicago millionaire.
Ex-Secretary Thompson has been elected pres
ident of the new Baltimore, Cincinnati and
Western Central Railway Company.
Daniel Weteter was born on January 13, 1732.
It is proposed in Boston to make prorTer observ
ance of the centennial anniversary.
Ex-Licutenanl-Governor Tabor, of Colorado,
was a stone-cutter at Augusta, Me., in j 8 i. Now
be is said to be worth $5,000,000.
A new sea-going steamship, to Ixj called the
Albatross, is now in course of construction for the
United States Fish Commission, and will be ready
for sea early next spring. The vessel ill be offi
cered by officers of the navy.
Senator Vance advised the negroes in the ad
dress he delivered at the colored men's State fair
in Raleigh, N. C, "not to luy too much stress on
Bismarck is now said to be seeking a compro
mibc with his opponents in the Reichstag.
The Russian militarv authorities diavo issued
most stringent orders to the troops to fire, if
necessary, on the mobs in TschernigoR, where
the Nihilists are to be tried.
The Spanish Government will send a note to
the British Government in regard to the North
Borneo affair, protesting agains't any interference
with the sovereign right ceded to Spain by the
Sultan of Soo lioo.
Turkey complains of the continued neglect of
tibe treaty of Berlin in regard to the Danule
GRAND ARMY NEWS.
D. II. Holman, Assistant Adjutant-General, G.
A. R., Department of Maine, sends us the follow
One of the largest Posts ever started in Maine j
was Burnside Tost, No. 47, G. A. P., which was
instituted at K. of P. Hall, Auburn, Friday even
ing, by Dept. Commander W. G. Haskell, as
sisted by D. H. Holman, Assistant Adjutant-General;
J.S. Manson, acting S. T. C; A.Holland,
acting J. V. C. ; R. K. Picker, M. D., acting Chap.;
Kendall Pollard, acting 0. D.; G. F. Rollins, act
ing 0. G., and numerous members of Custer Po&t,
Lewistun. Seventy-seven veteran soldiers and
sailors were present and united in the organiza
tion of the new Tost. The officers elected and
installed were: Thos. Tyrie, Post Commander;
Delance Young, S. V. C; J. E. Ashe, J. S. C; M. B.
"Watson, Adjutant ; E. T. Ste vents, Quartermaster ;
A. M. Pcables, M. D., Surgeon ; George Lothrop,
Chap. : George D. Barnum, A. D.; A. P. Lamb, A.
G.; C. M. Lander, Sergt. Maj. ; F. F. Goss, Q. Sergt.
After the ceremonies, the veterans adjourned to
Auburn Hall, where they had a rollicking time.
There was a hearty cheer when the news spread
that the "supply train'' was coming in. The sav
ory oyster stew then served was a credit to the
oyster and the cook " one of the best " Remarks
congratulatory aud felicitous, were made by Deputy-Commander
Haskell, after which the camp
fires were extinguished. The Post starts with a
bright outlook. There are three hundred and
sixty-five ex-soldiers and sailors in Auburn, a
large proportion of whom will join the Post.
Great credit is due to Comrade B. F. Beals,
through whose earnest, patient, and persistent
efforts the organization has been effected.
In the Department of Maine, G. A. P., since the
annual Encampment at Rockland, February 22,
1S31, the number of Posts has increased from ?'A
to JO, possibly 50, and the membership in Fosts
previously organized has increased in nearlj the
same ratio. It is believed that the present year
will witness gains in this Department quite un
precedented. The annual Encampment will meet
at the National Soldier's Home, Togus, the date
to be fixed by the Department Commander, prob
ably in January.
Bishop Post, No. 22, G. A. R., of Defiance, Ohio,
numbers one hundred members, and is reported
as being in a flourishing condition. They are
making preparations for a grand Camp-lire.
Prom the San Francisco Fraternal Record we
clip the following :
On Saturday, October 29th, a new Post was
organized at. Sanders's Hall, New Montgomery
street. Colonel C. Mason Kinne, Department Com
mander of the Department of California, officiat
ing. A petition signed by a lawful number
having been presented, a Pot was opened for the
purpose of mustering in the new recruits, com
posed of the following: C. Mason Kinne, Depart
ment Commander, as Commander; W. H. Holme-!,
Commander of George If. Thomas Post, as Senior
Vice -Commander: H. T. Hopbert, of Lincoln
Post, as Junior Vice-Commander; A. Hostetter, of
Lincoln Post, as Chaplain : J. F. Campbell, of Lin
Coin IVsr, asYujutaht; R". BrownTof George H.
Thomas Post, as Sergeant-Major; F. F. Stone, of
George H. Thomas Post, as Quartermaster: A. D.
Elom, of Lincoln Post, as Officer of the Day; H.
S. Dearborn, of George H. Thomas Post, as Officer
of the Guard.
Thirty-five comrades were mustered aud con
stituted as Garfield Post. No. 34.
After the muster the following were elected
and installed a officers in the new Post: Valen-
tine Zahn, Post Commander; James E. Hughes
Senior Vice-Commander; Albeit- Brown, Junior j
Vice-Commander; O. A. Thompson, Chaplain;
B. T. Hecox, Adjutant: Edward Naughton.
Quartermaster; H. G. Rise, Officer of the Day;
Edward Quiun. Officer of the Guard; G. W.
Lovejoy, Sergeant-Major; Frank Wadsworth,
After the installation of officers, congratulatory
remarks were made by Deportment Commander
Kinne, and others, and, to use a soldier's phrase,
they gave the boys a good send-off.
Increased acthity is manifested in this organ
ization not only in the accession of new mem
bers, but also in the establishment of new Posts. ,
Lai month there was mustered at San Diego,
Ilcintzelman. No. 33, by Capt. Sherman. Charters
have al-o been sent to Tucson, A. T., for Xegley
Post, No. 35, and Tombstone, A. T., for Burnside
Post, No. 30. Comrade H. R. Brown, of Los An
geles, will muster Post No. 37, at Wilmington,
Cal., during this week. Thus it. will be seen that
the old Boys in Blue are not aJeep, but are rap
idly coining into the ranks. In this city, the
Order is steadily increasing in memlKTship, while
the meetings are well attended.
Chief M ttsteriug Officer Henry P. Fischer reports
the institution of Garfield Post, No. 21, of Wau
paca, and W. If. Sargent Pot, No. 20, of Janes
The officers of the former are Commander J. H.
Woodworth ; Senior Vice-Commander, G. M.Cham
berlain; Junior Vice-Commander, W. R Bemis;
Quaf ermaster, W. Chady ; Sufgeou, Dr. 1 L. Man
chester; Chaplain, F. D. Randall ; Officer of the
Day, F. S. Woodworth; Officer of t h? Guard, F. A.
Ham; Adjutant., K. B. Thompson; Sergcant-Ma-
jor, F. D. Ludington; Quartermaster-Sergeant,
A. D. Rice.
Of the latter: Commander, S. O. Cobb; Sur
geon, Dr. Henry Palmer; Senior Vice-Commander,
T. T. Cro ; Chaplain, S. J. N. Pumam ;
Junior Vice-Corn mander. Benjamin R, Hilt;
Officer of the Day, W. T. Bray ton ; Quarter
master, J. G Medcalf; Officer of the Guard,
Charles N. Richer; Adjutant, H. A. Smith, Sergeant-Major,
R. W. King; Quartermaster-Sergeant,
J. iX Medcalf.
Comrade Fischer also reports Amherst Post, No.
1H, as being in a flourishing eondi tion, and officered
as follows : Commander, John N. Webster ; H. F.
Wotherby, Adjutant; R. J. Smith, Senior Vice
Commander; Itenjaniin Fleming, Junior Vice
Commander; E. Starke, Quartermaster; A. II.
Guernsey, Surgeon ; Calvin Blood, Officer of the
Day; Hugh Evans, Officer oi the Guard; rxigar
Allen, Sergeant-Major ; E. D. York, Quarter-master-Sergeab
GUITEAU THE ASSASSI H-Covt',1 from 1st pane.
For several minutes after the adjournment,
Guiteau, his counsel, and sister and brother stood
conversing in a group. Guiteau talking excitedly.
Mrs. Scoville attemped to quiet him, but he
roughly thrust her aside and pounded away on
the table, insisting that his statement, which he
had prepared and desired to deliver as a speech
to-morrow morning, should be placed in the hands
of members of the press.
At 2.15 o'clock, escorted by two policemen,
Guiteau, carrying a bundle and a pair of new shoes
in his hackled hands, his slouch hat drawn down
over his eyes, and accompanied by eight officers.
Detective McElfresh and Deputy-Marshal Wil
liams, who surrounded him. He appeared
VERY MUCH SCARED,
and shook as he was hurried along out of the
building and throuch the crowd, which made a
passageway for him to the prison van, which stood
with its door open to receive him at the curbstone.
As he passed along the crowd pressed eagerly
forward to witch a glimpse of him, and various j
comments parsed among a group of colored wo- j
men. who exclaimed: "'Fore God, is clat him; I
is dat de thing wot shot the President. Lordy,
dese hyar men kin break h"im in two if dcy
wants to." But no demonstration was made.
GUITEAU MPTIANO QUICKLY
into the van ; the door was closed with a sharp
snap; a policeman sprang to the seat with the
driver; another, witsli a colored bailiff, sprang
upon the step behind, and drove off to the jail,
reaching there without incident.
We give elsewhere Monday's proceedings in the
case of Guiteau. Tuesday and Wednesday were
occupied in making up tha jury, which was i
fiually completed and sworn, the following
named gentlemen having been accepted : John
P. Hamlin, restaurant keeper; Fred. W. Bran
denburg, cigar dealer : Henry J. Bright, retired
merchant; Charles J, Stewart, merchant; Thomas
H. Langley, grocer; Michael Shcehan, grocer;
Samuel F. Hobbs, plasterer; George W. Gates,
machinist; Ralph Wormley, laborer; William
H. Brawner, grocer; Thomas Heinline, machinist;
Joseph Proctor; commission merchant.
Everything progressed smoothly until Wed
nesday afternoon, when the prisoner again grew
troublesome, expressing a desire to read another
statement, this time to members of the bar. He j
was denied the privilege, but his brother subse- ,
quently gave publicity to the following address:
''TO THE LEGAL PROFESSION' OF AMERICA:" .
" I am on trial for my life. I formerly prac- j
tieed law in New York and Chicago, and I pro- j
pose to take an active part in my defense, as I
know more about my inspiration and views in j
this case than any one. My brother-in-law, j
George Scoville, esq., is my only counsel, and I
hereby appeal to the legal profession of America J
for aid. I want two or three first-class criminal j
lawyers to assist in my defense. I expect to have '
money shortly so I can pay them. I shall get it j
partly from the settlement of an old matter in
New York and partly from public contributions
to my defense. My defense was published in the
New York Herald, October 6th, and my speech,
published JMovcm beriotti fyestedayjr Any well
known lawyer of criminal capacity desiring to
assist in my defense, will please telegraph with
out delay to George Scoville, Washington, D. C.
If for any reason an application be refused the
name will be withheld from the public.
"(Signed) Chas. Guiteau.
''In court, Washington, November 1G, 18S1."
Guiteau's counsel next made a statement rela
tive to Guiteau's published statement of his case
which brought the assassin to his feet, but he was
speedily put down and the ourt adjourned to
begin the taking of testimony on the morrow.
If the Court please, I desirn to address your
Honor at the threshold of this c;tse. I am, in
the presence of this honorable Court, charged
with "maliciously and wickedly murdering one
Jamc3 A. Garfield."' Nothing can be more ab
surd, because General Garfield died from mal
practice. The syllogism to prove it is this : Three
j weeks after he was shot his physicians held a
careful examination and officially decided he
would recover. Two months after this official
announcement he died. Therefore, acording to
his own physicians he was not fatally shot. The
doctors who mistreated him ought to bear the
odium of his death and not his assailant. They
ought to be indicted for murdering James A.
Garfield and not me. But I have been indicted
and must stand my trial for the alleged homi
cide. General Garfield was President of the
United States, and I am one of the men that
made him President. His nomination was an
accident; his election the result of greatest
activity on the part of the Stalwarts, and his
removal a special Providence. General Garfield
was a good man, but a weak politician. Being
President he was in a position to do vast harm
to the Republic, and he was doing it by the
unwise use of patronage, and tho Lord and 1
took the responsibility of removing him. I cer
tainly never should have sought to remove him
on my own account. Why should 1 shoot him?
He never harmed me. From him I expected,
an important office. I considered him my po
litical and personal friend ; but my duty to the
Lord and to the American people overcame my
personal feeling, and 1 sought to remove him.
Not being a marksman, he was not fatally shot,
but incompetent physicians finished, the work,
aud thf-u, aud not me, are responsible for his
death. Notliing but the political situation last
spring justified General Garfield's removal. The
break in the Republican party last spring was
widening week by week, and I feared a civil
war. My inspiration was to remove the late
President at once, and thereby close the breach
before it got so wide that nothing but another
heart-rending and desoUting war could close it.
The last war east th5 Nation a million of men
and a billion of money. Tho Lord wanted to
prevent a repetition of this desolation, and
INSPIRED WE TO EXECUTE Hlfl WILL.
Why did He inspire me in preference to some
one else? Because I had the brains and nerve
probably to do the work. The Lord does not
employ incompetent persons to serve Him. He
uses the best material he can rind. No doubt
there was thousands of Republicans that felt as
T did about General Garfield's wrecking the Re
publican party last spring, and had they the con
ception, the nerve, the brains, and the opportu
nity they would have removed him. J of all the
world Aas the only man who had the concep
tion. In the trial of my case I propose to sum
mon some of the leading politicians of the Repub
lican and Democratic parties; also the leading
New York and Washington editors, to show the
political situation and the perils which surround
ed the Republic last spring. I propose to go into
this branch of my defense exhaustively. Another
TlfK LORD INSPIRED ME
to remove the President in preference to some
one else is because He wished to circulate my the
ological work, The Truth. This book was written
to save souls, and not for money, and the Lord, in
circulating the book, is after souls. By it He
preaches the gospel and prepares the world for
their judgment, which some people think, and j my lawyers to work for nothing. There are hun
with reason, is not far distant. I have been de- dreds of persons who are aud will be benefited
layed in getting out a new edition of this book,
which will include a graphic narrative of my life,
but I expect it will be issued shortly. More than
one hundred witnesses have been summoned by
the prosecution. Two-thirds of them I know
uothing about, and the Court, I presume, will
decide they are irrelevant. The isue here is:
WJIO FIRED THAT SHOT THE DEITY OR ME?
The Deity seems well disposed to father it thus
far, and I expect He will continue to father it to
the end. It is not likely He will allow mc to
come to grief for obeying Him. How do you know
it was the Deity? I was so certain of it that I
put up my life in it, and i undertake to say
the Deity is actively engaged in my defense. I
am confident He will checkmate the wise heads
on this prosecution. 1 beg they go slow; they
cannot afford to gt the Deity down on them.
11 He uttered his voice," says the psalmist, "and
the earth melted." This is the God whom I
served when I sought to remove the President,
and He is bound to take care of me. Recently a
Washington newspaper lithographed a crumpled
piece of paper I had carried in my vest pocket a
week, under the title of ' Guiteau's Plea." It
was written when I had the malaria, at odd
times, and I could hardly read it myself, and so
told the gentleman I gave it to, but he thought
he could read it, and took it, as he was in haste.
I next heard of it as a lithograph. Owing to cir
cumstances beyond my control I have been forced
to ask your Honor to assign me counsel and fur
nish me witnesses. I formerly practiced law in
New York and Chicago. In 1S77 I left a good
practice in Chicago, and went out lecturing, but
1 had small success. I had ideas, but no reputa
tion. My theological work, The Truth, contains
my theolog'. It was written during a period of
five years, aud coot mc a groat deal of trouble, aud
i have no doubt but it is official. It left me in
reduced circumstances and I have had no chance
to recuperate my finances since. I easily could
have made $5,000 at the law in Chicago in 1S77
and worked myself into a splendid position, but
I HAD OTHER WORK TO DO.
As I know s nuething about the law I propose j
to taice an active part; m my aeiense. 3ly orotner-in-law,
George Scoville, Eso., ot Chicago, is a true
and active friend, but I disapprove of some of
his movements in this case, notably his mixing
with "Oneida Noyes,'' who for twenty-five years
was the curse of my father's life, and for six
years I lived under the despotism he wielded
in the Oneida Community. I exiressed my
detestation of N'oycsiain then. To-day John H.
Noyes, the founder of the Oneida Community,
is an American fugitive on British soil. Noves is
A COLD-1JIaODED SCOUNDREL.
He has debauched more young women, broken
up more reputable families, and caused more
misery by his stinking fanaticism and licentious
ness than any man of this age. Had Noyes had
hls dues be would have been hung thirty years
ago for crimes committed with his own flesh
aud blood, aud it would have been a Godsend
to a great many decent people if he had been.
During my residence in tho Oneida Commu
nity i, like most of the men in the concern,
was practically a Shaker. Noyes was tho only
man who had full swing among the females of j
that concern, and he took them all in above ten '
years of age.
Mr. Scoville is developing a theory of
which may have an important bearing on this
case. Insanity runs in my family. My father
had two sisters and a nephew and a niece in an
insane asylum. He himself was a monomaniac
for twenty-five years on the Oneida Community.
He could see no evil in that concern and no
good out of it. He thought Noyes a greater
man t han tho Ivord Jesus Ch rist. 1 le was natural
enough ontside the Community idea. On that
he was a lunatic. He would get greatly excited
in discussing that, and look and act like a wild
man. All this time he was a good business man.
He was cashier of a bank and attended to his
duties promptly and faithfully. It was owing
to his fanaticism and insanity that I got into
the Oneida Community when a boy. Once under
Noyes's influence it was impossible to get away,
and I lingered, there in the greatest distress for
six long and weary years. 1 was in the Com
munity from 18G0 to 1600. Since then I havo
known and cared nothing for them. One Smith
whom I knew there ha taken upon hi nself to
write on this cuse, aud, among other silly and
impertinent statements, he says I was in the
habit of connecting my uamo with the words
TREMIER OK ENGLAND, &C.
These statements are false. My father was a
frequent visitor at the Community, but never re
sided 1 1 ere. He wanted to go, but my step
mother opposed it, 1 wish this Oneida-Community
business to pass into oblivion.
My ex-wife has been summoned by the prose
cutiou. Our marriage was premature. I only
knew her ten weeks, and we were married on ten
hours' notice. She was a poor girl. She had
been unfortunate, and I had no business to have
married her. ,We married in 1809, separated in
1873, and divorced in 1874, without issue. I was
practicing law then, and we lived at hotels.and
boarding-houses, I have known little about her.
since 18T3. I understand that she married well
four years ago, and is living in Colorado. I have
been strictly virtuous for six or seven years. I
claim to be a gentleman and a Christian.
I have been in jail since July 2. I have borne
my confinement patiently and quietly, knowing
my vindication would come.
Twice have I been shot at and came near be
ing shot dead, but the Lord kept me harmless.
Like the Hebrew children in the fiery furnace,
not a hair of my head has been singed, because
the Lord, whom I served when I sought to remove
the President, has taken care of me. I have been
kindly treated by the jail officials, and have not
a complaint, save that my letters have been in
tercepted going out and coming in, and I have
been cut off until recently from reporters and
newspapers, which I consider illegal and imper
tinent. Certain parties whom I need not name have
been greatly benefited financially by my inspira
tion, and I am going to ask them to contribute
to ray defense. I have no right or wish to ask
financially by the new administration. They are
all indebted to me for their position, from the
President down. I confidently anneal to them
i and to the public at large to send me money for
my defense. The money can be sent quietly by
express (withholding the name if you wish to) to
George Scoville, Washington, D. C. It will be
sacredly used for my defense. Certain politicians
seem perfectly willing to fatten at the public crib
on my inspiration, but they pretend to be horri
fied out of their senses by the late President's re-
j moval and want nothing to do with me. They
! say I am
A DASTARDLY ASSASSIN.
The word "assassin" grates on the mind, and
yet some people delight in using it. Why am I
an assassin any more than a man who shoots an
other during the war. Thousands of brave boys
on both sides were shot dead during the war, but
no one thinks of talking about an assassination.
Then it was a homicide i. e., a man was killed.
But in my case the doctors killed the late President
and not me, so that there is not even a homicide
in this case. The President was simply shot and
murdered by an insane man. The man was in
sane in law because it was God's act and not his.
There is not the first element of murder in this
case. To constitute the crime two elements must
co-exist. First, an actual homicide. Second,
malice. Malice in law or malice in fact. The
law presumes malise from the fact of the homi
cide. There is no homicide in the case, and
therefore no malice in law. Malice in fact de
pends on the circumstances attending the homi
cide. Admitting that the late President died
from the shot (which I deny as a matter of fact),
still the circumstances attending the shooting
liquidate the presumption of malice either in l.iw
or in fact.
Heretofore, political grievances have been ad
justed by war or the ballot. Had Jefferson Davis
and a dozen or two of his co-traitors been shot
dead in January, 1361, no doubt our late rebel
lion never would have been,
I A5f A PATRIOT.
To-day I suffer in bonds as a patriot, Wash
ington was a patriot. Grant was a patriot Wash
led the armies of the Revolution through eight
years of bloody war to victory and glory. Grant
led the armies of the Union to victory and "lorv.
and to-day the Nation is happy and prosperous.
They raised the old war-cry, ''Rally round the
flag, boys, rally round the flag," aud thousands
of the choicest sons of the Republic went forth
to battle, to victory or death. Washington and
Grant, by their valor and success in war, won
the admiration of mankind. To-day I suffer in
bonds as a patriot because 1 had the inspiration
and nerve to unite a great political party to the
end that the Nation might be saved another
desolating war. I do not pretend war was im
mediate, but I do say emphatically that the bu
J terneas in the Republican party last pripg was
deepening and deepening hour by hour, aud ihafc
within two or three ears or less the Nation
would have been in a flame of civil -war. In
the presence of death ail hearts were hushed
and contention ceased. For weeks and weeks
the heart and brain of the Nation centered on
the sick man at the White House. At List he
went the way of all flesh, and the Nation was a
house of mourning. To say
HAVC BEEN MISFNDKRSTOOD AND VILI MED
by nearly the entire American pres. nay more,
by nearly the entire American people, is a true
statement. But Providence
all things, and to-day by the gradual change of
public opinion, I am justified in passing, with
laudable contempt, the continual venom of cer
tain newspapers. Let the newspapers change
from "Guiteau the Assassin," to "Guiteau the
Patriot' I appeal to the stalwart and liberal
press of the Nation for justice. I appeal to the
Republican party, especially the Stalwarts, of
whom I am Tirond to le one, for justice. 1 ap
peal to the President of the United States for
justice. I am the man that made him President.
Without my inspiration he was a political cipher,
without power or importance. I was constantly
with him in New York last fall during the can
vass, and he and the rest of our men know thai
we had all we could do to elect our ticket.
Had General Hancock kept his mouth closed
on the tariff, or had the Morey letter been de
layed a week, Hancock certainly would have
been elected. Then no man could tell what
might have happened to the Republic. I am
more than glad that General Arthur is proving
himself a wise man in his new position, and I ex
pect he will give the Nation the finest- adminis
tration it has ever had. I appeal to this honora
ble court for justice. I am glad your Honor is
gentleman of broad views, Christian sentiment,
and clear head. I count myself fortunate, in
deed, that my ease is to be tried before so able
and careful a jurist. I appeal to th District
Attorney and his learned associates for justice. I
beg they go slow in prosecuting this ease that
DO NO INJfSTICi: TO THE DEITY,
whose servant I was when I sought to remove
the late President, At the last Great Uuy ther
and all men will stand in the presence of the
Deity, crying for mercy and justice. As xhry act
here, so will be their final abode hereafter. Life
is an enigma. This is a strange world. Often
men are governed by passion and not by reason.
The mob crucified the Savior of mankind, and
Paul, his great apostle, went to an igno uinious
death, litis happened many centuries ago. For
eighteen centuries no man has exerted hu.-Ii a tre
mendous influence on the civilication ar. lho de
spised Galilean aud his great apostle, Thy did
their work and left the result with the Almighty
This speech was written In a cramped position
iu m cell.