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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND foR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
WASHINGTON", D. C, SATURDAY, fTOTEMBER 26, 1881. 1STEW SERIES.-V01-1., N-15.
SOME HISTORIC PLACES.
WHERE OUR SOLDIER BOYS SUFFERED.
Location of Hospitals Present Appearance of the
Sites Armory Square. Harcwood, Lincoln,
ami Columbian College. Ac, Ac
J. S. Slater. For The Nation ai, Tkimjne.
More than twenty years ago ! It seems at first
thought quite incredible that so nearly a quarter
of .a century has passed since Washington he
came an armed camp wherein throhhed the
loyal heart of a great Nation ; and yet when we
follow back along the pathway time has made
since then the mile-stones set up to indicate the
distance traveled count the score.
In those far-off days there were white tents
across the Potomac and soldiers every wheie.
Strains of martial music rose and fell upon the
air cadenced by the tramp of marching feet,
and gleaming weapons and glorious banners
borne by gallant men moved to and fro until it
seemed as if they had ever formed a part of the
Nation's life they were so common.
That was early in the Avar. The fever had
just begun. The cheeks of those who came so
bravely marching down were flushed with manly
pride and patriotic ardor. It was only for a
little while that they came; they would return
THAT WAS IX A PHIL. 1SG1.
A year passed by, leaving the death-mark im
printed upon the brows of those appointed to
die and great burdens of pain upon tho hearts
of others whoin destiny had decreed should
suffer, and "Washington, meanwhile, had grown
wonderfully sorrowful. It had become one vast
hospital wherein was congregated a world of
woe, of anguish beyond expression ; of patience,
fortitude, heroism, hope, despair, everything
that enters into the nature of mortal man.
Life and death wrestled daily over stricken
forms brought in from the field of battle, and
health and disease struggled for mastery in
the shattered frames of those who in their
pride and youthful strength had thought them
selves invulnerable they were so stalwart. But
ftnras-not until 1803 and-1804 that high tide
was reached. Then one could scarcely walk
half a dozen squares without passing or at least
seeing one of those places in which our brave
boys lay, and suffered, and died, too, unless the
kindly care bestowed under the favor of God
nursed them back again to life, if not to perfect
health. A stroll through the Washington of
to-day gives not scarcely a hint of that far-off
period. The tents are gone; the army is no
longer encamped in and about the city, and the
hospitals have altogether disappeared, or are no
more known as such. A new metropolis has
sprung up and hidden the old from view ; but
here and there one may find many historic
spots whose memories can never dio so long as
any of the thousands upon thousands whose
sufferings made them hallowed places shall sur
vive. Armory Square, for instance, where one
of the great hospitals was located, the buildings
of which constituted
A GOOD-SIZED VILLAGE,
is Armory Square still, but not as in war times.
"With the exception of the depot of the Balti
more and Potomac Railway Company upon the
northeast corner and the old gray armory build
ing, with its round port-hole openings close under
the roof down by the southern boundary, the
reservation is quite bare. Along Sixth street
to the eastward runs the track of the rail
road. Diagonally across from the northwest
corner of the square stands the magnificent
Centre Market-house, built to replace the old
structure burned down years ago. Westward the
Ted sandstone walls and tall towers of the Smith
sonian Institute are lifted up from among the
trees, which have put on a luxuriant growth in
the nearly twenty years that have drifted over
them since the surgeons knives and saws first
cut into quivering flesh and bone not a stone's
throw distant, and close by another structure,
the new Museum, has arisen so recently that it is
not yet convicted. From the elevated ground
to the eastward the Capitol looks down upon the
scene as it did of yore; but the stalwart trees,
many of them, that made its park almost a forest
iiregone. The outlying grounds have been extend
ed, and under the landscape gardener's care for
years, so that now, instead of the old simplicity of
nature of the tangled bushes growing in patches
the short cuts across the grass the old-fashioned
fences and gateways, there is an attempt at artis
tic ornamentation trim flower beds and equally
trim shrubs and pathways
drives, stone walls, and pavements, all of which,
if not in good taste, are nevertheless in the height
of fashion. Standing upon the high terrace at
the north wing of the Capitol, and, looking north
ward, the vision rests upon a glorious prospect of
Tolling country dotted in every direction with
substantial residences and elegant, almo3t pala
tial villas. Harewood Hospital used to be over
yonder now not a vestige remains to tell of all
the suffering and sorrowing which once centred
there. Far away, gleaming white through the
foliage now tinted with autumn frosts, the Sol
diers' Home greets the gaze, while nearer by
imd only a little to the left, Howard University
rears its grayish walls to tell to all the world
that the war was not a failure.
As the eyes of the beholder wander around to
wards the west they touch upon Columbian Col
lege, (now university, where thousands of our
brave boys tarried each for a season to secure re
lief from sickness and pain, and where full many
of them found it, alas! in the arms of death.
Ah, that college, during the war, was a school of
learning which none cared to enter. The lessons
taught there in those days were hard to con, and
he who graduated and lived knew all the mystic
lore of mortal anguish set down
IX THE GREAT BOOK OF TIME.
All over the broad plain around and beyond
the building there were rows of temporary build
ings for the sick and wounded men in blue.
Now a prosperous village hedges in the northern
side, while south of the main building and over
looking the city are handsome residences which
give no token of what once was, but which, it is
to be hoped, shall never be again.
Kalorama Heights, too, have been touched with
the magician's finger. The pest-house, where
small-pox patients were isolated, has disappeared,
and healthful homes, where peace and plenty
meet, look calw."iown upon the busy scenes
Returning now from Meridian Hill and be
yond, the observer rests his eyes for a moment
upon Judiciary Square, which time and money
and the art of man combined have transformed
into a place of pleasant resort, of velvet turf,
handsome shrubbery, and fountains. The old
barracks have been torn down for many years:
but one familiar with them when they existed
and teemed with misery, can almost fancy he
sees the shadowy forms of what once were men
passing to and fro, some on crutches, some lean
ing upon the arms of comrades, and some borne
out but we will not speak of that; the subject
is too sad and sorrowful.
Passing through the grounds and mov
ing westward we go by the "E- street Bap
tist Church" between Sixth and Seventh
streets, the Baptist Church on Thirteenth
street, the Church of the Epiphany on G
street, and so on over into Georgetown. There
a dozen buildings at least were used for hospital
purposes, and among them churches, hotels, and
colleges. If one were disposed to take the time
a week would scarcely suffice in which to visit
all the similar places within a days' march of
LINCOLN AXD CARVER HOSPITALS,
one east, the other north of the Capitol ; Emory,
the hospital for officers, on F street ; the barracks
for convalescents, located at Seventh and 0
streets, afterwards occupied by the Veteran Re
serve Corps (a single one-story wooden building
yet occupies the centre of the square, sole relic
of the war), and the hospital opposite Washing
ton Circle, and one in the vicinity of Twentieth
and M streets, are remembered as we write. Where
the last-mentioned hospital stood some few of the
buildings, fitted up as dwellings, yet remain. All
about them costly mansions, including that of
the British Minister, evidence the fact that men
have faith in Washington's future now if they
had not twenty years ago.
The Soldiers Home or Retreat at the Baltimore
and Ohio depot (we had but one railroad entering
the city from the North then) lives only in the
recollection; but many of the houses which fur
nished what seemed luxurious accommodations
and sumptuous fair of fresh bread and coffee to sick
and wounded soldiers passing to and fro are there
still. So are many of those rude huts of boards
with gravelled or tarred roofs and a single win
dow in which were displayed a few candies, half
a dozen dark, dirty-colored molasses cookies, a
score of clay or wooden pipes, some tobacco, and
other miscellaneous truck to catch the soldier's
eye and win his money if he had any. Over the
doors of those hovels would be a wooden sinn
bearing the legend, (often painted with tar),
"cakes, APl'LS, toBako, SEAGAPvS,"
or conveying the information that "Bord and
LoGin" could be obtained within.
Only the other day we stumbled upon one of
the signs the inscription of which told that "Ail,
Bear, Whislsee, OisTurs, and Terbacky " could be
had for asking and money of " Pat." , the last
name having been erased.
But most of those " hotels," as they were desig
nated, have been torn down or rebuilt.
The Union Hotel, the New York House, the
Keystone, the California, the " Stars and Stripes,"
in 18C2 we heaid a soldier say the latter should
have been the Stars and Snakes, for he saw both
after imbibing two or three times in succession
at its bar, all these disfigurements have disap
peared with the occasion that called them into
existence. A few years more .and not a vestige
will be left of the few relics that yet remain.
The depot is to be moved, new improvements are
being made on every hand, and it will not be
long, therefore, before even an old veteran will
lose himself in his endeavors to find, at the end
of a quarter of a century, some of the places he
remembers so well, but only as they appeared to
him in those far off, bitter days.
THEY THOUGHT IT WAS DYNAMITE.
A mysterious box sent from America to Mr.
Ralph Creyke, member of Parliament, was open
ed with great precaution at the Woolwich Arsenal
under the idea that it was an infernal machine,
but it was found to contain samples of guano.
I SOME ITEMS FROM ABROAD.
MISCELLANEOUS NEWS BY GABLE.
and A New Arctic ExpccKti
A Kins for Zulul
ion A Ger
man Crank The Land Leasruers-AVAceret
Wariiincr An Kalian Crank, ij&
A dispatch to the Telegraph from fenna says:
"A telegram from Moscow states th;b while the
Treasurer of the Foundling Hospital was on his
way to the Commercial Bank, he w?ls robbed of
A dispatch to Lloyds from Valparaiso, dated the
14th inst., reports that the eustom-hjuse in that
city had been destroyed by fire. The total loss
The London Daily News learns thai-; John Dunn
has notified the British authorities ihat he is a
candidate for the throne of Zululan
A Berlin dispatch to the Mornl&g Post says
that France and England have declared their
readiness to join in an International Arctic ex
pedition. A German doctor has been arrested for threat
ening to kill the Emperor. A lolled revolver
was found on his person. 'i
The Dalmatians are resisting tlrecruitment
for the Austrian Landwehr. i
Pope Leo is said to be consideringjthe re-establishment
of diplomatic relations between the
Vatican and Great Britain. j
Land Leaguers proclaim that the-Sbirit of their
organization is indestructible. -,,
A secret warning manifesto is circulating
throughout Ireland among the tenantry. It is
put forth anonymously, and is noli believed to
have the sanction of the imprisoned leaders of
the Land League. It says: "If one tenant on
an estate pays his rent, the remaining tenants
will forfeit the support of the Lmd League.
These threats have very little effect. The peo
ple are becoming more and more satisfied daily
with the workings of the land law, and agree
ments between landlords and tempts, without
going into court, ar&very frequen
Reports from Dublin say Miss ! jfford, holder
of t-wo small farms,.; was found Ql ,in her. bed
at Wexford yesterday. Marks or her neck indi
cated that she was murdered. The motive for
the murder was probably robbery.
In the Italian Chamber of Deputies November
21, while Premier Depretis was discussing the
agricultural estimates, disorder was suddenly
observed in the strangers' gallery, and immedi
ately after a revolver was thrown into the hall
and a voice cried, "To Depretis! " The revolver
fell without exploding or hurting anyone. The
man who had the pistol was at once arrested and
the house resumed the debate.
A dispatch to the Times from Berlin says : "The
return of winter brings increased activity in the
distribution of seditious pamphlets throughout
The Emperor William, although able to attend
to current business, has been obliged to keep to
his room for two days.
The Spanish Chamber of Deputies have passed
a bill authorizing the construction of the Huesea
and Canfranc Railway, with a subvention of 60,
000 pesetas per kilometer. The c6st of boring a
tunnel through the Pyrenees is estimated at 13,
000,000 pesetas, which will be borne equally by
France and Spain.
A LYING VERDICT.
A dispatch from Duraud, Wis., the scene of the
mob-murder, says: "The body of Ed. Maxwell
was cut down after hanging about half an hour,
and an inquest was held, with the following ver
dict; 'Came to his death by falling from the
court-house steps and breaking his neck ' The
body was taken in charge by the town author
ities and given a decent burial."
EXPENSES OF THE LAND ACT,
The London correspondent of the New York
Herald writes as follows :
The expense of the Laud act thus far is enor
mous. Six hundred thousand pounds, or $3,000,
000, 1 am told, on good authority, is the sum al
ready expended. The fees are so small that they
will go but little toward paying the expenses.
The cost to the landlords and tenants will also
amount to a pretty figure. It is absolutely nec
essary for both tenant and landlord to engage so
licitors to argue the cases, and this expense is not
trivial, as every one may testify who has had
anything to do with the honored profession of
the law. The bill of McAtavey, the first tenant
who benefited under the act, was 25. The re
duction in his rent amounted to 2 15s. a year
so that his costs swallowed up his benefits for nine
out of the fifteen years for which his new rent is
fixed. Of course where a large number of ten
ants on the same estate engage one solicitor they
may divide the costs so that they will not be so
burdensome as in McAtavcy's case. But it is
hoped that by making each party pay their own
costs the tenants and landlords will settle be
tween themselves on the basis laid down by the
court without going before the tribunal itself.
The President has appointed Mr. F. J. Phillips
to be his private secretary.
ANOTHER OFFICIAL FAILURE,
The row in the Sixth Auditor's Office, which be
gan with the attack on the star routers, and which
led to the removal of Auditor McGrew and his
deputy, Fred P. Lilly, has now been supplement
ed by another incident in the case, viz., the arrest
of Lilly for receiving $S,000 from one George F.
Brott for procuring him a mail contract. The ar
rest was made Saturday by Special Agent New- ! "
comb upon a warrant sworn out by P. 1 L Wood- I Thursday morning, November 17th, the assas
ward, of the Post Office Department. Woodward i sin Guiteau was brought into Court at the usual
claims to have dropped upon some epistolary in- J hour. The jury were soon in their seats, the
formation passing from Lilly to Brott, which i judge upon the bench, counsel in attendance, and
seems to put Lilly in a bad light. Mr. Lilly ap- in presence of a dense throng of spectators the
peared before United States Commissioner Bundy ! trial of the cruel murderer was proceeded with.
Monday afternoon and gave bonds in $5,000 for Mr. Scoville opened the proceedings in a brief
his appearance hereafter. On Tuesday the case address to the Court explanatory of the relations
was called, Lilly and his counsel being present; ' existing between himself and Mr. Leigh Robin-
also Mr. Cook, who represented the Govern
ment, and after a hearing the case was dismissed
and the defendant discharged from custody.
The Government is unfortunate either in its
lack of evidence or want of proper attorneys.
CONGRESSMEN IN TOWN,
Congressmen in town have taken residences as
follows: O. Welboura, Texas, and T. H. Hem
don, Alabama, Metropolitan: M. H. Dunnell,
Minnesota, T.- Luna, New Mexico, and A. H.
Stephens, Georgia, National ; H. F. Page and R.
Pacheco, California, Congressional Hotel ; J. W.
Keifer, Ohio, and G. S. Orth, Indiana, Ebbitt;
D. C. Haskell, Kansas, 1311 H street: H. D.
Money, Mississippi, COS Thirteenth street; C. H.
Joyce, Vermont, GOG Thirteenth street; R. Q.
Mills, Texas, 1115 G street; J. A. Kasson, Iowa,
1512 H street: J. F. Dezendorf, Virginia, 1105
F street; Ben Le Fevre, Ohio, 1027 Ninth street;
G. M. Robeson, New Jersey, 1337 K street;
R. M. McLane, Maryland, 1G07 I street; S. J.
Peelle, Indiana, 1318 R street; C. B. Simonton,
Tennessee, 417 Sixth street; Thomas Ryan,
Kansas, GOO Thirteenth street; W. P. Hepburn,
Iowa, 912 I street; T. Updegraff, Iowa, 1326 I
street ; M. R. Wise, Pennsylvania, 1730 Massa
chusetts avenue; S. J. Randall, Pennsylvania,
120 C street southeast; V. H. Manning, Missis
sippi, 33 B street southeast; John Hammond,
New York, 1529 I street ; G. R. Davis, Illinois,
1304 F street; Robert Klotz, Pennsylvania, 1115
Seventh street; Jay A. Hubbell, Michigan, 4
Iowa Circle; M. Maginnis, Montana, Arlington;
J. K. Jones, Arkansas, 1422 Eleventh street; R.
L. Gibson, Louisiana, 1723 Rhode Island avenue;
T. B. Reed, Maine, Riggs ; Frank Hiscock, New
York, Arlington; H. W. Lord, Michigan, Na
tional; J. H. Brewer, New Jersey, Willard's; J.
B. Hoge, West Virginia, and A. H. Pettibone,
THE DEAD AT FORT FISHER,
During the late storm the bones of a large num
of the Federal dead were washed up at Fort
Fisher, between the fort and the beach, where
they had been buried in pits. A. M. Harris, of
that vicinity, reported the fact to the War Depart
ment at Washington, which instructed Mr. R. G.
Taylor, Superintendent of the National Cemetery
just beyond the city limits, to see to the removal
of the remains frosa the fort to the cemetery
grounds. This work has been partially accom
plished, the bones of about fifty having been
placed in boxes and brought to this city by stea ner,
leaving those of about two hundred more to fol
low as quickly as they can be conveniently re
moved. The bones are pretty badly broken up, t District Attorney, opened the case for the prose
some of them being so soft that they can be crush- j cution, his address consisting merely of a general
ed to powder by being pressed between the thumb
and finger, caused, it is supposed, by the action
of the salt water. Wilmington Star.
MORE INDICTMENTS AGAINST HOWGATE.
The following six indictments were brought in
Monday against Henry W. Howgate : September
22, 1S79, embezzling $13,500 ; September 1, 18S0,
$7,500 ; August 19, 1880, $2,000 ; February 5, 18S0,
$6,000; August 21, 1880, $17,160; May 25, 1879,
$3,150. There was an additional indictment for
forging the name of H. D. Sayre to vouchers for
service as assistant at the Chief Signal Office for
$2,500 on June 24, 1879.
The committee which was appointed b' the
Society of the Army of the Cumberland at Chat
tanooga, at the annual Reunion last September,
to co-operate with the Garfield Monument So
ciety, met last week at Cleveland. General An
son G. McCook and General Henry C. Corbin
were represented by proxy. General James Bur
nett was made chairman, General Henry M. Cist
(formerly United States army), recording secre
tary, and General Henry C. Corbin (major), U. S.
A., corresponding secretary. A committee was
appointed to ask Congress to donate old cannon
for material for the proposed Garfield statue.
DELEGATE CANNON'S CERTIFICATE.
In explanation of a statement that Delegate
Cannon holds a certificate of the Secretary of
State of Utah it should he understood that the
certificate Mr. Cannon holds from the Secretary is
a certified copy of the election returns. He ap
plied to the District Court at Salt Lake when
the Governor was East for a mandamus to com
pel the Secretary to give him a certificate, but
the court refused to grant it. The Secretary is
not authorized by law to give a certificate of
THE GREAT STATE TRIAL.
THE ASSASSIN AT THE BAR OF JUSTICE.
Examination of the Witnesses Against Him The Mur
derer Takes Charge or His Own Case He Ls
Put Down by the Court, Ac, Ac.
son, as defendant's counsel. He said that in con
sequence of a little misunderstanding between
them on the first day of the trial, the impression
had gone forth that the relations between Mr.
Robinson and himself were unpleasant. This
was not true. The most cordial relations existed,
and this he hoped the country would understand.
Guiteau, whose hands had been clutching nerv
ously at the arms of his chair, sprang hastily to
his feet and shouted, in his disagreeable, rasping
"Your Honor, I object to Mr. Robinson's ap
pearing in this case."
The Court "Sit down, sir."
" Your Honor, I believe "
The Court "Sit down, prisoner. I wish to say
that hereafter you must preserve order. As to
your assisting in your own defense, you must
confine yourself to consultation with your counsel
Guiteau Excitedly and pounding the table
" But I must be heard. You said, your Honor,
that I could assist in my defense. I have a right
to demand it. I have prepared a speech and pro
pose to make it "
The Court " You must sit down, sir, or I will
order your removal from the court-room pending
the progress of your trial.
"sir down, sir, sit dowx."
Guiteau " But I propose to be heard. I will
speak. I desire to be heard by the country. The
country is bigger than this court-room, and yon
and the country shall hear me."
The Court " Prisoner, you must be quiet.
Guiteau (defiantly, his eyes rolling wildly, and
endeavoring to shake off his counsel and the offi
cers who were endeavoring to force him into his
chair) "You have no right to forbid my speak
ing. I know more about my case than any one
else. I want Robinson off this case, anyhow. If
he had any decency or respect for himself he
would get off. I will assist in my own defense,
and I want this Court to understand it." The
wretch mumbled to himself and refused to be
pacified for a brief spell and then devoted himself
to writing. At this time District Attorney Cork
hill was out of the room. His opening argument
was being waited for. Suddenly, just before
Col. Corkhill appeared, Guiteau paused in his
writing, looked up at the Court and said slowly :
" Your Honor, I come here as the agent of the .
Deity in this matter. I did not come on my
hands and knees. This is the view I hope your
Honor will take of this matter." He became
suddenly silent then and sank back into his
ehair with a scowl.
At about half past ten Colonel Corkhill, U. S.
statement of the facts to be established by the
Towards the close of his remarks he was inter
rupted by the prisoner, whereupon the Court
said : " It is within the province of this Court,,
and I shall order the removal of the prisoner if
he interrupts the proceedings again. The prison
er must keep quiet." To which Guiteau re
sponded: "All right your Honor, I will endeavor
hereafter to control my feelings. I will not in
terrupt again. I could not help it, for
" I TAKE A DEEP INTEREST IN THIS CASE."
When Col. Corkhill concluded Mr. Robinson, .
for the defease, waived an opening, and Secretary
Blaine was called to the witness stand, testify
ing substantially as follows : Was intimately ac
quainted with James A. Garfield from 1863 up
to the time of his death; saw the defendant, Gui
teau, frequently in the months of March, April,
and May last ; not so frequently in May as in the
two previous months ; was with President Gar
field at the time of the shooting; on the night of
July 1, was at the Executive Mansion with Pres
ident Garfield, transacting official business until
midnight. When about leaving the Presidents
suggested that he call again early in the mornings
as there might be other Executive matters to con
sult about before leaving the city; called the next
morning as requested, not later than three min--utes
past 9 o'clock ; was detained some little time
with the President in the Cabinet-room said IK
brary ; then set out with the President for the
Baltimore and Potomac depot. The President ac
companied witness in the carriage of t&e Depart
ment of State, and the children followed in the
President's carriage. When the carriage stopped
at the B-street entrace of the depot, the President,
alighted first and turned to bid witness good-bye,.
Witness expressed a desire to accompany him to
the train, and with arms linked they entered tho
depot together. On entering, the President paused;
Continued q Fifth jioe.