Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TEIBTJNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, NOVEMBER 26, 1881.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
TO CARE TOR MIM WHO HAS DORNC THC EATTLC, AND FOR HIS
VIDOAf AND ORFHANi." AaRAHAm LINCOLN.
Terms to Subscribers, Payable in Advance:
ONE COPY, ONE YEAR
FIVE COPIES "
ONE COPY THREE MONTHS ----- 50
ONE CCFY SIX MONTHS ----- 75
TEN COPIES, (with extra copy to getter-up 6f club,) 12.50
A SPECIMEN NUMBER of our paper sent tpee on request.
TERMS FOR ADVERTISING furnished upon application.
jcst-TO SUBSCRIBERS. When changing your
ADDRESS PLEASE GIVE FORMER AS WELL AS PRESENT
ADDRESS, WITH COUNTY AND STATE.
esrTAKE NOTICE. !n sending money for sub
scriptions BY MAIL, NEVER INCLOSE THE CURRENCY
EXCEPT IN A REGISTERED LETTER. A POSTAL MONEY
-ORDER OR A DRAFT ON NEW YORK IS THE BEST FORM
OF REMITTANCE. LOSSES BY MAIL WILL BE MOST
SURELY AVOIDED IF THESE DIRECTIONS ARE FOL
LOWED. 3 NO RESPONSIBILITY IS ASSUMED FOR SUBSCRIP
TIONS PAID TO AGENTS, WHICH MUST BE AT THE RISK
OF THE SUBSCRIBER.
;- JG3-C0MMUN1CATI0NS, SUBSCRIPTIONS, AND LETTERS
s UPON ALL BUSINESS MATTERS RELATING TO THE
NATIONAL TRIBUNE; must be addressed to
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE,
Washington, D. C.
Whe MhUmud f&ribum.
The valimty cf the pubuc oeet of the United States,
AUTHORIZES BY l'-tt, r.ciu?iG debts incurred for payment of
PENSIONS AND BCU.sTlt-S I OR SERVICES IN SUPPRESSING INSURREC
TION OR REBELL-ON, SnALL f.OT fch QUESTIONED." SEC. 4, ART.
X CONSTITUTION Or" THE UNITED STATES.
.- m, t, ti--..i -t I-i Office es treonJ-cli'i rnitUr.
WASHINGTON, D. C, NOVEMBER 26, 1SS1.
Realizing the deep interest felt all over the
country in the trial of the assassin of the late
President Garfield, we have devoted much of our
space to a report of the proceedings had during
the last week. Matters of less importance have
thus been necessarily crowded out, hut will
3ppear so soon as the requisite space can he
Last week wesuggestedthata National Reunion
of ex-soldiers and sailors, under the auspices of
the Grand Army of the Republic, be held in this
city on the 30th of May next Decoration Day.
"We shall be glad to receive exi)ressions of opin
ion concerning the proposed gathering, from our
friends of the Army and Navy generally, and
especially from those who are members of the
organization referrred to.
The Congress of the United States would
never dare to pass an act declaring that all claims
for interest upon the bonded debt must be pre
sented within a certain time, otherwise the
amount accrued to be forfeited to the Govern
ment; there would be a bondholders rebellion
instanter if such a bill were even introduced for
And yet a claimant for pension, having an
equally just debt against the Government, is
forced to submit to the operations of a statute of
limitation which deprives him of at least a part
of what is his honest due. The principle being
the same, we think it should be made applicable
to the bondholder :is well as the soldier.
Dukixg the last ten years or so Congress
has expended more than $100,000,000 osten
sibty to improve our rivers and harbors; that is,
to remove obstructions, so that, in case of a for
eign war, the enemy's fleet could sail all over the
country without running aground or meeting
with other serious natural obstacles.
We think it is now time for our law makers to
take steps to prevent the occupation of our ter
ritorv by a foreign foe.
Let us have a Navy to compare with our great
ness as a Nation, and sea-coast defenses supplied
with a proper and modern armament. The time
may come when we shall need them. It is best
to be on the safe side, prepared for any emerg
ency that may arise.
"We have in preparation a series of interesting
sketches of "Western army life, and of various
battles fought by the armies of the Cumberland
and Tennessee, to be published during the
The sketch "Some Historic Places" on the
first page in this issue of The National
Tribune will be continued through several
Next week "Incidents of Hospital Life,"
something about Camp Convalescent, and other
interesting matters will be given.
A statute of limitations ought never to be
set up by the United States in bar of an honest
debt; at least not until the Government is pre
pared to go into bankruptcy.
"What is commonly known as the "Arrears of
Pension Act," should be amended by striking out
the clause which limited the time during which
claims enild be tiled under it.
Statutes of limitation, when they relate to
, pensions and bounties, are in derogation of the
right of those who are a fleeted thereby.
Subscribe for The National Tribune, the
best Soldiers' paper in the country.
The Amount Of It.
One hundred and twenty millions of dollars
Yes, Mr. Bondholder, that is about the amount
of it; but the sum would have been less by
nearly if not quite two-thirds had you not forced
Congress to pass unjust laws by means of which
thousands of claimants were wrongfully deprived
of several years' pension. You have nobody to
blame but yourselves for being confronted with
such an array of figures. The contract with the
soldier was that himself, if disabled in the service
of the United States, or his widow and minor
children in case of his death, should be paid
pension from date of discharge in the first in
stance or from date of his decease in the second.
You procured the enactment of laws modify
ing this contract. "What is known as the "Ar
rears Act" simply repealed those laws. The
original contract is now in force, so far as con
cerns claims filed prior to July 1, 1880, and the
money due under it must be paid to the last dol
lar, just as surely as the interest and principal
of the Government bonds you hold must be paid.
You can accomplish nothing by growling. Your
just debt to those who saved the Union will
have to be liquidated all the same.
A Discreditable Business.,. Z- gJS '
The New York Herald of recent date, in an
article headed "How to Deal with Pension
Arrears," among other foolish things said, re
"If we are to pay the arrears of pensions out
of the surplus revenues we must either delay
very greatly the payment of just claims or in
crease the burden of taxation considerably, or
"We have italicized that portion of the above to
which we specially take exception, viz., the
words "just claims," by the use of which the
Herald evidently intends to' convey the impres
sion that claims under the Arrears act are unjust.
Such an intimation is as cruel as it is false.
The Arrears act would never have become a
necessity had the bondholders, of whose interests
the Herald seems disposed to assume the cham
pionship, been honest in their dealings with
the soldiers, their widows and orphans.
But for the fact that Congress, listening to
the seductive voice of wealth as represented
by the Goulds and Astors and Vanderbilts,
and possibly the Herald, passed acts depriving
those entitled under the law to the full amount
of pensions due by virtue of contracts made
with them by the Government when they en
listed, the xension roll would never have ex
ceeded S35.0G0,000 or $40,000,000 per annum.
It was the barefaced attempt on the part of
the rich to swindle the cripple, the widow and
orphan to cheat those who gave their man
hood and their supports to assist in putting
down the rebellion--that trebled the amount.
It was the withholding from pensioners large
sums of money justly due that has brought
the country thus face to face with an estimate
of $120,000,000 as the probable amount neces
sary to liquidate the sums so kept back and
meet current payments.
And now the Herald virtually proposes that
instead of liquidating that honest debt the
attempted theft of it by the bondholders shall
Ruining the Country.
Soldiers were paid in greatly depreciated cur
rency during the war; they were taxed at home
while they were fighting at the front to sustain
the Government; settlement of their just claims
was often delayed for years and no interest al
lowed upon the amounts finally found to be due
them respectively; Congress passed statutes of
limitation, which in some instances wronged
them out of hundreds and even thousands of dol
lars; yet now, when the Government, grown
ashamed of its treatment of its defenders repeals
the unjust law in one instance by enacting the
"Arrears of Pension Act," all the money kings of
the country take up arms and say, "if we are
forced to pay to the pensioners the money we
have owed them for live, ten or more years, and
from which we have been deriving a handsome
profit, the country will be ruined." "We advise
the money kings to remember that but for the
pensioners of to-day the country would have
been ruined in 18G1.
Jones, the would-be assassin of the assassin
Guiteau, is a crank, it is said; but whether he is
or not, the law should give him a good turn in
prison, to teach him, and others similarly inclined,
that in this country the courts are the only legal
instruments for the punishment of crime. He
should be severely punished, not simply because
he shot at Guiteau, (whose wretched life is not
worth a penny i, but because of the flagrant vio
lation of law of which he was guilty in doing so.
Perhaps after all it might be best to compro
mise with public opinion, in the case of Guiteau,
by confining the assassin and his two would-be
slayers, Mason and Jones, all three fully armed,
in the same cell, and compelling them lofightuntil
but one remained alive, that one to he tried and
hanged according to the forms of law. The
country would thus be well rid of three equally
dangerous members of society who are not quali
fied for admission to an asylum for the insane.
Brave men and good citizens do not counte
nance mob violence and murder; therefore, those
citizens who advocate lynch law or assist in exe
cuting it, are cowards and bad members of so:et.
For Grand Army matters eec eighth page.
A Crank's Idea.
A Boston crank, set in motion by Commissioner
Dudley's estimate of $120,000,000 to pay pensions
during the coming fiscal year, has turned out a
letter, published in Tuesday's New York Herald,
in which he proposes that the necessary amount
to meet the annual payments in the future be
borrowed on terminable annuities each year.
"We think that inasmuch as the greater por
tion, nearly if not quite two-thirds, of the sum
above specified consists of money wrongfully
withheld from pensioners and upon which they
can draw no interest, the more honorable, and,
in fact, only decent course for the Government
to pursue is to pay the whole with as little delay
as possible. "We want no Boston male or female
money shaving shop opened in behalf of the pen
sioners of the United States. Nor do men with
one foot already in the grave by reason of wounds
or disease contracted in the service of their coun
try want to be made the subjects, in any way, of
grave-yard insurance or any other hobby which
the anti-pension idea may germinate.
The Boston crank's plan might be made to
work we admit as much but meantime, before
it could be set in motion the pensioners would be
all dead. yThat is probably the result which the
suggestion aims at; as it would be quite credit
able to the country to finally cheat the ex-soldiers
and sailors out of the $50,000,000 or $60,000,000,
the payment of which, though long deferred, was
provided for by the Arrears act.
Is it not about time that Mason, Guiteau's
would-be murderer, had a trial ? If he is in
sane, and therefore innocent in the eyes of the
law, of course he should be sent to an asylum
for unfortunate creatures like himself. If he is
guilty, he should be punished, that the vindica
tion of the majesty of the law may be complete.
The New York Herald objects to the surplus
revenues of the Government being used to pay
to the soldiers the millions of dollars due them
for back pensions which, through ill-advised leg
islation, the bondholders have been enabled to
dishonestly withhold from them for years. The
Herald is sensational has always been so but
we fear that in thus objecting it is acting in good
faith as the organ of the money kings.
We say let the bondholders wait for their
interest if any class of the Government's credi
tors must be put oilthe moneys due pensioners
under the Arrears and all other acts ought to
In Wisconsin the other day an alleged crim
inal who had been brought up for judicial exam
ination was seized by a mob of law-breakers,
forcibly dragged from the court-house before any
hearing haheen given him, and brutally mur
dered. NoJiijiuunity wherf sueli proceedings
are tolerated' can be considered a safe place for
even the best of men to live in. The ruffian ele
ment too strongly predominates ; and if that same
element has the power to murder whomsoever it
pleases with impunity, law-abiding people had
best give it a wide berth, lest they, too, should
become the victims of its Nihilistic doctrines.
"We presume "Winslow, the Boston forger, the
Newark banl:,olhcers who recently failed for over
$2,000,000, Vanderbilt, Jay Gould, and others of
that ilk, object to the payment of the enormous
sum of $120,000,000 justly due, but for years
wrongfully withheld from the pensioners of the
country, and politicians can probably be found
who will listen to their objections. And yet every
dollar due under the Arrears of Tension Act must
be paid if the Government would pr serve its good
name for honorable dealing with its defenders.
During 1i session of Congress The Nation
al Tribune will publish all bills and resolu
tions introduced which relate to pensions, boun
ties, &c, and also give the names of all Senators
and members voting for, and of those who vote
against each measure. Soldiers who wish to keep
fully posted in the matter should subscribe to
The National Tribune without delay.
The money power is arraying itself in opposi
tion to the pensioners of the country. There will
be no presidential election for three years the
soldier vole will not be needed until 1884 and
so between the two political parties of the day,
and the importunities of the bondholders for a
reduction of the pension list, the poor soldiers
who lost health or limbs in their country's ser
vice must sutler.
Every pensioner and claimant for pension
should watch the course of Senators and mem
bers of Congress in reference to bills affecting
their interests, in order that when the proper
time comes, friends may be remembered and op
ponents not forgotten.
The late Mr. MacVcagh is absent in the flesh,
but present in spirit. That is, he has skedaddled,
but his resignation has not been accepted by the
President, as was recently erroneously staled.
The money kings may buy the Government's
bonds, but they cannot purchase the soldiers'
votes; and the vote of the poorest pensioner is as
effective as that of a Gould or Vanderbilt.
It will be a nice thing for a soldier to know
how his Senator or member Yoted on a pension
or bounty bill when he becomes a candidate for
We take the side of tho ssldior erery time.
Desiring to extend the usefulness of our paper
to the widest possible extent, and in order that
no ex-soldier or other person interested in matters
"rowing out of the war of the rebellion may have
reasonable excuse for not taking it, we have con
cluded to fix the subscription price, until January
1, at one dollar per annum.
Those who have heretofore sent one dollar and
fifty cents for a single subscription, by sending
half a dollar more with an additional name and
address, will be granted an additional copy, thus
bringing their individual subscription down to
one dollar for fifty-two numbers. Those wishing
to become subscribers, should, in view of the
above olfer, send on their one dollar at once, and
those who have already sent one dollar and fifty
cents, should, without delay, remit the remaining
half dollar with another subscriber before the
new year commences.
The Government will withhold a soldier's
pension for years, and, when shame compels a
settlement, pay the rmncipal only, and that
under protest from the bondholders, who are the
only parties in interest, so to speak.
A drop of blood shed in defense of the United
States is more valuable than tons of gold invest
ed in Government bonds.
No indictments yet against the Star Route
The Postmaster-General has gone to Florida
to establish a Star Route through the Everglades.
The following communication speaks for itself:
Hartford, Conn., November 18, 18S1.
Editor of The National Tribune.
Sir : I have had my attention called to an ar
ticle in your paper of the 22d ult., relative to the
employment of Gatling guns in our late civil
war. The communication in question was signed
by "One of Hancock's Brigade." The writer
who evidently wrote the article in good faith
is seriously mistaken. To my positive knowl
edge the only Gatling guns witli the army in
Virginia were a few that General Butler had on
the James river in 1864.
The guns to which your correspondent alludes
were called "coffee-mill" guns. I saw the same
guns myself, and was a soldier in the Vermont
brigade and in the same division (Baldy Smith's)
as your correspondent.
The "coffee-mill" gun does not bear the slight
est resemblance to the Gatling gun. The Gat
ling gun is the only arm in the world in which
the barrels and locks both revolve at the same
The Gatling gun may be considered as having
as many gun mechanisms as barrels, being a sys
tem of a number of independent guns revolving
together on a common axis. Each gun has its
own barrel, loading and shell-extracting devices,
as well as its own tiring-pin. Each gun is so far
independent, that it may be made inoperative
by the extraction of the loading-plunger and
firing -pin, without affecting the action of the
other guns. The loading and firing can only
take place Avhile the revolution is proceeding, as
these actions depend upon the contact of the re
volving parts with certain stationary cams on
the inside of the hollow stationary breech casing.
Each loading apparatus and firing-pin and ejector
belongs to its own barrel, with which it is in
constant alignment. Each operation of loading,
firing, and ejecting, covers a certain part of the
circle of revolution, being completed as to each
barrel by one circuit. One circuit delivers a vol
ley of balls equal in number to 1 1 at of the barrels.
The guns are usually made with ten barrels, and
their late of fire is upwards of 1,000 shots per
minute Lyman R. In graham.
AToc The machine guns to which our corre
spondent "One or Hancoek's&Brigade" referred
cons'sted of a single barrel mounted upon a
carriage, the firing mechanism of the weapon
consisting of a crank",. &c. The cartridges were"
fed from a hopper at the breech. The barrel
could be elevated or depressed or moved laterally
so as to sweep the front, commanding the arc of
a circle. It was a misnomer to term them
ANOTHER VIOLATOR OF LAW.
On Saturday last, after the adjournment of the
court, and while the assa-sin Guiteau was being
conveyed to the jail, a man by the name of "Wil
liam Jones, living in the county a few miles from
the city, rode up along side the prison van and
shot at its occupant. The bullet passed through
the side of the conveyance, cut the sleeve of the
prisoner's coat, and dropped upon the flooring,
where it was subsequently discovered. Jones is
reported as a man of some property, half crazy,
and" on the day of the shooting was considerably
under the influence of liquor.
The driver of the prison van appears to have
been badly scared, as were the policeman and
guard accompanying him. There was gross neg
ligence on the part of the guard, or Jones would
never have been allowed near enough to attempt
the violation of law of which he is guilty.
The would-be assassin of the assassin was
traced to his abiding place, arrested, given a
hearing on Monday, and committed in default of
5,000 bail to await further action, which was
had Tuesday by his waiving an examination and
giving bail in the required sum to await the ac
tion of the grand jury.
ED. WILLIAMS LYNCHED.
A special from Durand, Wis., gives the partic
ulars of the lynching of Ed. "Williams, one of the
murderers of the Coleman brothers. He was
caught in Hall county, Neb., and conveyed to Du
rand. In court ho pleaded not guilty to the
charge of murder. The court-room was crowded
and several men were outside. "Williams had
scarcely entered his plea and asked for time to pro
cure witnesses when a noose was thrown over his
neck. Those inside the court-room shoved him
to a window, while those outside pulled the rope
and he was dragged some forty rod3 to a tree and
hanged until ho yr& dead.
The Secretary of the Interior had submitted to
him recently by General Walker, late Superin
intendent of the Census, a table based on the
total population of States, 49,371,3-10, and the
number of members of the House of Representa
tives at 293, as at present constituted, which gives
one Representative to every 1G9,050 of population.
Upon this basis States will be represented in the
Forty-eighth Congress by the same number as at
present, with the following exceptions: Arkan
sas, California, Michigan, Mississippi, South Car
olina, and "West Virginia, would gain one each ;
Minnesota and Nebraska, two each; Kansas
and Texas three each ; while Alabama, Illinois,
Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New
Hampshire, Ohio, Tennessee, and Vermont, would
lose one each, Pennsylvania would lose two, and
New York would lose three.
President Arthur has not accepted the resig
nation of Mr. MacVcagh as the head of the De
partment of Justice. The case stands this way :
Mr. MacVeagh has unqualifiedly and peremp
torily resigned, without any savin"- clause or
contingency, and has left "Washington and taken
leave of his duties. He considers himself as
severed completely from the office of Attorney
General, and that he is now simply a private cit
izen ; but President Arthur has cot accepted Mr.
The revenue from whisky alone during the
coming fiscal year, will, it is thought, amount to
$150,000,000. It is possible that Congress may
reduce the tax on account of this enormous
Judge Nott, of the Court of Claims, is in a
very feeble state, and his friends are apprehensive
of serious results.
His Majesty the King of Sia-m has made prom
ise to Hon. Jonn A. Halderman, our consul-general
in that remote kingdom, to present through
him to the National Museum at "Washington a
series of articles illustrating the life, manners,
and customs of the Siamese people. This collec
tion is now being made by the King's secretary,
and it promises to be a rare and valuable gift.
The King has further promised General Halder
man to furnish a memorial stone for the "Wash
ington National Monument.
The President will take his first meal in the
White House on Tuesday next. He will eat
bis dinner in the "White House on the 29th in
stant. Secretary Kirkwood recently signed requistions
for $7,990,000, the total footing of the pension
rolls for the month of December, 18S1.
Hon. Edgar M. Marble, Commissioner of Pat
ents, has tendered his resignation, to take
effect December 1st. Mr. Marble resigns his office
in order to accept more lucrative employment as
land commissioner for the Northern Pacific Rail
General Ambrose E. Hooker, captain of the
Ninth Cavalry, arrived here recently from New
Mexico on sick leave. General Hooker was lieutenant-colonel
of the Sixth California during the
whole of the late war, and was breveted brigadier-general
for faithful service. He was ap
pointed in the Ninth Cavalry in March, 1867r
and has been actively engaged in the field for
nearly three years.
Mr. "Wagoner, of Ithaca, accused of withholding
pension money due a client, has been convicted
by the United States Court after a trial which
lasted over two days. He was once a respected
lawyer and is highly connected. He is also one
of the people's principal witnesses in the Guiteau
The National Grange has been in session in
this city during the last week considering mat
ters pertaining to the agricultural interests of
A new Post, G. A. R., has been organized at
Alliance, Ohio, to be known as Joy Post, No. 152.
Mrs. Harriet Cornelia "Wcthered Shubrick,.
widow of the late Rear-Admiral William B.
Shubrick, died last week at her residence in
this city, No. 1617 H street, in the ninety-third
year of her age.
General David Hunter, colonel, retired, is in his
eightieth year of age, and is as sprightly in ap
pearance as many officers of fifteen years his
The Kearsarge, which is having her bottom
cleaned and scraped at the Norfolk Navy-Yard,
will not be ready to leave before the 1st of De
cember. The reports of the Naval Advisory Board have
been recommitted, as Secretary Hunt is anxious
that their conclusions shall be unanimous if pos
sible. Judge Folger, Secretary of the- Treasury, has
rented the house of Commodore Well-, No.'120G
Eighteenth street, above M, fronting Connecticut
avenue, and will occupy it on the 15th of nexfc
The veterans occupying the Soldiers' and
Sailors' Home it Bath, Steuben co., N. Y. the past
summer, raised crops of very large value almost
enough to pay for their support. And yet many
of them are crippled and others almost worn out.
All honor to the old soldiers and sailors.
' THE REVISED CENSUS.
The revised and corrected returns of popula
tion show the following to be accurate: Alabama,
1,202,505; Arizona, 40,440; Arkansas, 802,525;
California, 864 094; Colorado, 191,327; Connecti
cut. 622,700; Dakota, 135 177; Delaware, 146,608;
District of Columbia, 177,624; Florida, 269,493;
' - - ..... Tit: :- .ii-.
Nevada, 62,266; New Hampshire, 346,991; New
Jevsey,'lfI3Ill(i; New Mexico, 119.565; New
York, 5.0S2 871 ; North Carolina, 1,399.750; Ohio,
3,198,062; Oregon, 174, 76S; Pennsylvania, 4.2S2,
S91 ; Rhode Island, 276,531 ; South Carolina, 995,
577; Tennessee, 1,542,359; Texas, 1,591,749; Utah,
143,963; Vermont, 332,286; Virginia, 1,512,565;
Washington Ter., 75,116; West Virginia, 618,457;
Wisconsin, 1,315,497; Wyoming, 20,7S9. Gwtnd
Georgia, 1,542,180; Idaho, 32,0 iuj xuuh., o,u ,,
871; Indiana, 1.978,301; Iowa, l,624.61o; Kansas,
996,096: Kentucky, 1,6-43,690; Louisiana. 939,-u.in-
imno fMS.936: -Maryland, 934,943; Mas
sachusetts, 1,783,085; Michigan, 1,636,937 ; Min
nesota, 780,773 ; Mississippi, 1,131,597; Missouri,
O168 38o" Montana, 39,159; Nebraska, 452,402;