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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
SOME FAMILIAR PLACES.
IN AND ABOUT THE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
The Old Capitol Prison Central Gnard-IIouse Camp
ConTftleKccnt The Toting Hero Anotlier
Incident of Hospital Life.
For The National Tribune.
"We shall never forget one little incident that
occurred in Dr. DeWitt's -ward while we were
one of its occupants.
Upon a cot not far from ours lay a member of
the Twentieth Massachusetts who had been
wounded at Groveton, the hall passing through
the shoulder just above the armpit, in its
course fearfully lacerating one of the principal
arteries. The location of the injured vessel was
such that it could not be properly taken up, and
in spite of all the appliances of surgical skill it
was apparent to even a casual observer that
the boy (he was only sixteen years of age)
could not long survive. A short time after
being brought to the hospital he was informed
that he could not live, and then he told this
story to his attendants: His father had been a
sea captain and was a man -ordinarily kind, 1 -x
when under ''.-m;. rong drink
which he was . V;iu. ou a ! i with the hi
creatioD. misi 1 ; "te. r mother of
boy, in the ;. . h tl ' 1. . mer. The -was
an only a, ,. i his father, i
knowing th ! oic s :nted many
dranliVii scei. 1 - !o mother a beating
by threatening to runaway to sea. "When the
war came the father, .Tlio had for a year or so
been a teetotaler, took to drink. His son threat
ened to enlist, and, finding the threat had no
effect, evdfetually left home secretly and did so.
Prom that time down to the date of the last
letter from his mother, who was informed of his
whereabouts, the father had remained a sober
man and kind husband. The boy showed the
letter, only some two weeks old, and said that
"if only father would keep so" he could die
content, and yet he
WOULD LIKE TO SEE THE HOME FACES,
O, so much !
Dr. ,-De Witfrimmediately-iHfclegrapked -to -the-father
stating his son's condition and received
.a response that he would start at once. Then
began a struggle with death over the boy-soldier
such as was rarely if ever before or after wit
nessed during the whole war.
The day the telegram was sent a fresh
hemorrhage occurred. Compresses were applied
but proved of only temporary use; and from
thence on and until death closed the scene, either
the doctor or a trusty assistant sat by the boy's
side staunching the flow of blood and endeavor
ing to preserve the flickering light of life in the
dark eyes until the expected one should arrive.
But alas ! the youthful soldier died shortly after
midnight; and for an hour thereafter the sur
geon walked up and down the ward in an agony
of mind, murmuring, now and then as if to him
self, "Why could not I have saved him? Too
bad. Too bad."
Next morning, between eight and nine o'clock,
the father, a fine appearing man, arrived. Dr.
DeWitt met him as he entered the ward, and as
the two walked past our cot we noticed that
tears were coursing down the cheeks of both of
them. "What followed is too sacred for the touch
of pen, and
WE DISMISS THE SOMBRE THEME
by hoping that the sacrifice of the young life
proved efficacious in the redemption of his father
for whose and a mother's sake it had been so
After nearly twenty years that sad event drifts
before our mental vision, and is now feeblv re
produced to show in part the noble and sympa
thetic nature of at least one of the many to whom
was entrusted the care of our wounded men and
brothers during the time when all the land went
sorrowing. "When the hour of his suffering and
departure from earth shall come, may he be as
tenderly and devotedly cared for as were his old
"We have only time left for a brief glance at
one or two other pictures memory has left with
us, and among them
THE OLD CAPITOL PRISON,
now a block of elegant private dwellings, one of
which is occupied by Mr. Justice Field, of the
Supreme Court of the United States.
The entire appearance of the prison has been
changed. On the east, extensive improvements
have been made, the buildings north and north
west have been torn down, and their sites now
form a part of the Capitol grounds. The old wall
and iron fence and the miniature forest that used
to stand west of the place where Wirz and other
prominent rebels were confined, are gone. It
would be difficult for one of the men who used
to stand guard in that locality to recognize it
Another historic building, the old Central
Guard House, where the victims of the Provost
guard and patrols used to bring up occasionally,
stands on Louisiana Avenue, as of yore, but
considerably altered in appearance.
Hooker's division yet lies to the westward, but
the barracks are fewer and the force has dwindled
down wonderfully since the period of which we
THE OLD CANAL,
that used to wind its muddy, filth-ladened course
from west to east through the city, has been
filled up, and streets and buildings now are to be
found where belated and top-heavy sons of Uncle
Sam were wont to bring up or down in a by-no-means
desirable bath. Another spot to be re
membered is Camp Convalescent, not far from
Alexandria, where the men discharged from
hospitals were sent, and from whence they were
distributed to their respective commands. The
camp no longer exists nor does a trace of it remain.
The land is mostly under cultivation at present,
and has been for years ; buildings have sprung up
here, there, and everywhere, and all things
betoken that a new era has dawned in the Old
Dominion. And yet what a miserable place
wasn war time. Canvas tents arrayed in divi
sions according to States, pitched upon the low
ground that could never get dry, the scrubby
cedar bushes that used to be made into floors and
bsds in those days, the scanty grub, the want of
system, (or, rather, too much of it,) in everything,
well, we are heartily glad Camp Convalescent
has been gone so long that it is almost forgotten.
There are, doubtless, thousands of others who are
" " 1 to know that it no longer finds a
, -... . map of the present.
To be continued.)
! MISSION TO PERU.
diplomatic mission to Peru in
r : h, it is reported, the State Depart-
.. Jr. ,..h C which.it is said, is for
Jvrt purpose of investigating the unhappy state
ol affairs following the late jug-handle war be
tween Chili and Peru, is certainly a fixed fact,
inasmuch as the party left here last Friday night
at nine o'clock, for New York, whence they
sailed at noon on Saturday, in the steamer Colon,
The party consisted of Hon. "William H. Tres
cott, of South Carolina, Special Commissioner;
his son, and Mr. Miguel T. Dooley, of this city,
who goes as Secretary and Interpreter. Assistant
Secretary of State "Walker Blaine also accom
panied the party, and they will be absent at
least five months.
-j . .J:- - , . -.rT r . -v r- . T-r'
Tne irrana lurv, among otners, nave niec
following indictments : Four against Mr. Fred
erick B. Lilley, late deputy Sixth Auditor. First,
for violating section 1781, Revised Statutes, by
aiding to procure a contract with the United
States for carrying the mail for George F. Brott;
second, accepting a bribe for procuring said con
tract ; third, violating section 5493 and assisting
in supporting a claim against the United States ;
fourth, receiving money paid for the purpose of
George F. Brott was indicted, first, for offering
and promising money to an officer of the United
States to influence his official action in securing
a contract; and, second, for giving and bestowing
money to and upon an officer of the United States.
THE PRESIDENT OF PERU A PRISONER.
A letter from Panama says : Calderon, for some
time provisional President of Peru, is now, with
his Minister of Foreign Affairs, Galvez, a prisoner
in Chilian hands. He was arrested on the 6th
instant as he was returning from mass, and was
allowed a few minutes in which to prepare for a
visit to Chili, the length of which he nor no one
else can tell. He was then taken to the palace,
where he had a private interview with Admiral
Lynch, sent on a special train to Callao, and there
placed on board the iron-clad Almirante Cochran.
He was courteously treated, and was told he
might take his family with him (he was recently
married), and jany friends he desired to accom
pany him. The first favor he declined, but the
second he accepted, and selected several who
share his exile. The reasons alleged for this
arbitrary act are not yet public, but Admiral
Lynch is understood to have acted under orders
No one in Lima supposes it is done out of de
fiance to the United States on account of the at
titude assumed toward the Chilians by General
Hurlbut. There are surmises that it was be
cause Calderon disregarded Lynch's order pro
hibiting the exercises of any other authority
within the Chilian lines than that of the Chilian
commander or government. Others say that the
new government of Mr. Santa Maria believes
Pierola to be the strongest man in the country,
and has banished Calderon to make way for him.
The removal of Calderon makes room, however,
for Montero, who has announced his acceptance
of the vice-presidency of the provisional govern
ment, provided he is :iM.ivd of the support of
the United St:ut.
THE GARFIELD MEMORIAL PEW.
Mr. Robert A. "Whin h-.uui has made for the
ladies of the Christian Church an elegant solid
silver plate, which has been already placed
on the pew of the late President Gaifield, in that
edifice. The plate is perfectly plain, in the
shape of a shield, and is inscribed "James A.
Garfield. Born November 19, 1831. Died Sep
tember 19, 1881 ." The name is engraved in circle
and is a facsimile of the late President's signature,
Svhile the remainder of the inscription is in black
letters. The pew has been kept draped in mourn
ing since the President's death, and will be kept
in mourning in the future, (and be known as the
Garfield memorial pew.)
D. C, SATUBDAT, DECEMBER 10, 1881.
OFFICERS OF THEJSOUSE.
A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF EACH.
The Speaker, Clerk, Scrgeant-.it-A rns. Doorkeeper, and
Postmaster All Union Ex-Solfters Some of
Them Disabled in thu'prvjice.
We give below brief sketches; of the new
officers of the House of Representatives chosen
on Monday last.
THE NEW SPEAKER.
General Joseph W. Keifer, the tew Speaker of the
House, was born in Bethel Township, Clark county,
Ohio, January 30, 1836. His early education was
obtained in the common schocls and at Antioch
College, and until 1836 he labored upon a farm,
near Springfield. In the latter year he began the
study of law, and two years later was admitted to
the bar. He opened an office in Springfield, and,
though brought into competition with such men
as Samuel Shellabarger, Sampson Mason, and
Charles Anthony, from the very first week he
entered upon a paying practice. When the first
call for troops was made in 1831 General Keifer
closed his office, hastened to Columbus, and just
twelve days after the call was issued he was
chosen major of the Third Ohio Infantry. When
the regiment was reorganized in June, 1861, as a
three years' regiment, General Keifer was again
chosen as major.
FOR HIS CONDUCT AT BiClt MOUNTAIN,
West Yu rinia, in July, 1861, and at Cheat Moun
tain and LiKwai ii in September, General Keifer
received the commendation of his superiors. His
energy and practical good sense attracted much
attention, aud General Reynolds said "there was
not a cowpath in all that region with which he
was not thoroughly acquainted." In November,
1861, General Keifer's regiment was ordered to
Kentucky. Early in 1862 he was made lieutenant-colonel,
and during General O. M.
Mitchell's brilliant campaign aljoivt Huntsville
and along the Memphis and Chaileston Railroad
he bore a conspicuous part. In the fall he was
made colonel of Che One hundred and tenth Ohio
Regiment. During the last Jf of the war he
served in West Virginia aygrginia, most of
$t1tixRtt-csAmrt?co f.btiilTftn'&r'jn.etitly ,
won high praise for his gallant conduct. He was
for a short time, however, in New York city with
a part of his command to assist in enforcing the
draft of 1S63. He was wounded four times.
TWO OF HIS WOUNDS WERE SLIGHT
and did not keep him out of his saddle for an
hour, but at the battle of the Wilderness both
bones of his left forearm were shattered by a mus
ket ball. He remained on the field until the con
flict was ended, but his wound soon proved to
be so dangerous that he was compelled to spend
a short time at home. On August 26, 1864,
against the advice of his physicians, he set out to
rejoin the army. He fought with obstinate
courage at Opequan, and was among the first to
enter Winchester at the heels of the flying foe.
At Cedar Creek he commanded a division, and
there he did such valuable service that he was
made a brevet brigadier-general. -General Keifer's
Corps was remarkably successful during the last
four months of the war, and he was made a brevet
major-general for his services. At the close of
the war General Keifer returned to Springfield
and the law. Soon after he was appointed lieutenant-colonel
of the Twenty-sixth United States
Infantry, but declined. He was a member of the
Ohio Senate in 1868 and 1869, commander of the
Grand Army of the Republic in Ohio from 1868
to 1870, and a trustee of the Ohio Soldiers' and
Sailors' Orphans' Home from 1870 to 1878, and
has been a trustee of Antioch College since 1873.
He was a delegate to the Cincinnati Convention
in 1876, and'was elected to the Forty-fifth, Forty
sixth, and Forty-seventh Congresses by good
pluralities. General Keifer is possessed of a
robust physical constitution and is a ready
Colonel George W. Hooker, of Brattleboro, Yt., is
a native of Londonderry, Windham county, Ver
mont, and is about forty-three years of age. He
was in early youth a traveling salesman for Bos
ton firms. He enlisted as a private in company
F, Fourteenth Vermont Volunteers, September
6, 1861 ; was promoted to sergeant-major Decem
ber 16,1861; to second lieutenant, company F,
April 21, 1862 ; first lieutenant August 1, 1862 ;
to captain and assistant adjutant-general Sep
tember 2, 1864. He was severely wounded June
3, 1864, in action at Cold Harbor, and was bre
vetted lieutenant-colonel for gallant and merito
rious conduct in the field, and honorably mustered
out January 4, 1866. He served with the Army of
the Potomac in the field during the whole period of
service. He has been actively engaged in various
business enterprises ever since he left the service,
and has accumulated a handsome fortune. He
is exceedinlgy liberal in supporting public and
charitable institutions, and highly esteemed by
all his neighbors and acquaintances. Colonel
Hooker was assistant secretary of the National
Republican Committee in 18S0. He contributed
liberally toward the payment of the legitimate
exjjenses of the late presidential campaign and
gave six months of his valuable services to the
The first ballot for Doorkeeper resulted in the
choice of Walter P. Brownlow, of Tennessee, who
received 123 votes against 13 for Edward Jardine,
of New York, and 3 scattering.
The selection of Colonel Walter P. Brownlow
for Doorkeeper was a wise one. He is a nexhev
of the celebrated Parson Brownlow, was a soldier
in the Union army, and has been a pronounced
and consistent Republican. It was determined
by the Southern Republicans to ask for but one
position, and that of Doorkeeper was chosen
as the one which would give them the greatest
amount of patronage. For this there were sev
eral applicants, but after looking the field over it
was believed that Colonel Brownlow would be
the most available candidate, and the others
withdrew. Colonel Brownlow was therefore nomi
mated on the first ballot. Colonel Brownlow is
the editor of the Jonesboro, Tennessee, Herald,
and controls a number of Republican county pa
pers in Eastern Tennessee. He is a courteous
gentleman, of good executive ability, and will
no doubt make a faithful and efficient Door
keeper. THE CLERK.
Edward McPherson was born in Gettysburg,
Pa., in 1831, and was graduated from Pennsylva
nia College in 1848. For several years he was
engaged in the printing business, and in 1851 be
came editor of a paper in Harrisburg, continuing
in that place until ill health compelled him to
turn his attention to agricultural pursuits. In
1858 he was elected to the Thirty-sixth Congress,
and was re-elected in 1860. During the early
part of the war he served as a volunteer aid on
the Staff of General McCall of the Pennsyl
vania Reserves. In 1863 he was appointed
Deputy Commissioner of Internal Revenue, serv
ing in that capacity until his election to the
Clerkship of the House of Representatives in the
Thirty-eighth Congress. He was re-elected to that
position in the two succeeding Congi esses. Mr.
McPherson has published several political works,
including a " Political History of the United States
During the Great Rebellion," political manuals
for several years, and other statistical productions.
After his last term as Clerk to the House of Rep
resentatives he was editor for a time, and until
quite recently, of the Philadelphia Press. He
presided at the Hayes convention.
.Cantain. Harry Sherwood, the Postmaster,, be
longed to the 'Fourth MichigaricavalryrAt-the
battle of Chicamauga he lost a leg. He was Post
master of the House of Representatives for sev
eral years before the Democrats obtained the ma
jority. He was turned out to make room for a
confederate soldier. After being ousted as Post
master he was made assistant to the architect of
Frederick D. Power, selected to do the gospel
business for the House is best known as the au
thor of an eloquent sermon upon the shooting of
the late President wherein he said: "Had there
been no Stalwart contest against the prerogatives
of the Executive there would have been no such
assault on the President's life.''
The Stalwarts having now taken him under
their wing he may possibly change his views.
OLD SOLDIERS TO BE RETAINED.
On motion of General Henderson, of niinois,
seconded by Mr. Updegraff, of Iowa, the following
resolution was unanimously adopted on the first
day of the session :
Resolved , That the following named honorably
discharged Union soldiers, minus a leg or an arm
or both, and now borne on the soldiers' roll,
House of Representatives United States, be re
tained by the Doorkeeper of the House on said
roll, subject, however, to dismissal for a just and
sufficient cause; D. H. Decker, both arms off,
Ohio; John Ryan, one leg off, Pennsylvania;
James J. McConnell, one leg off, Indiana ; Hugh
Lewis, one arm off, Wisconsin ; John Rome, one
arm off, New Jersey ; Captain J. W. White, one
arm off, Ohio. (Three of these maimed soldiers
are Republicans and three Democrats.)
A FRIEND OF THE SOLDIER.
Hon. Ben Le Fevre, of Ohio, the friend of the
soldier, is again in his place in the National House
of Representatives, and, as usual, vigorously look
ing after and pressing the claims of former com
rades in the army before the Commissioner of
Pensions. To this, and in all matters pertain
ing to the soldier's interest, General Le Fevre
is most untiring and devoted. Having himself
passed through the ordeal and experienced all
the hardships of army life enlisting at his
country's call in 1861 and faithfully continuing
until the end of the war he knows all the
sufferings endured and appreciates the claims
of the soldier upon the Government. Therefore
he has great regard for him, and wounds and
disability are the only testimonials required to
at once secure the General's sympathy and aid.
Commissioner Raum, of the Internal Revenue
Bureau, says his idea of civil-service reform is a
term of four years for subordinate officers, clerks,
and employees. He also favors pensions to wid
ows of persons who lose their lives in the revenue
Tobacco brought the Government during
the year revenue to the amount of $42,854,
991.31. The largest collections oi revenues were
made in the First Ohio and Fifth niinois districts.
SEBIES -yoi,. i., N-o. 17.
ORGANIZATION-ELECTION OF OFFICERS.
Proceedings in the Senate and House Heading of the
President's 3Icssage Introduction of Bills.
Getting Ready for Work, etc.
Congress convened at 12 m. on Monday. Im
mediately after prayer in the Senate the creden
tials of W. W. Windom were laid before the
body, and after they were read Senator Hoar
escorted Mr. Windom to the stand and he was
Senator Anthony offered a resolution that the
regular hour of meeting of the Senate be 12
o'clock m. Adopted.
Also a resolution appointing a committee to
wait on the President and inform him that the
Senate was in session and ready to receive any
communication he might desire to make.
Senator Sharon offered a resolution appointing
a joint committee to take public action relative
to the death of the late President James A. Gar
After the introduction of a large number of
bills and resolutions, which will be referred to
hereafter as they are brought up, an adjourn
ment until Tuesday was had to await the arrival
of the President's message.
The House was the chief centre of attraction.
The first business entered jipon was the election
of a Speaker, and upon ballot General J. W.
Keifer, of Ohio, was chosen. The business next
in order was the swearing in of new members.
The members-elect holding certificates were
called up to the Speaker s desk, where the oath
was administered to each.
The election of officers was next proceed with,
and resulted as follows : For Clerk, Hon. Edward
McPherson, of Pennsylvania ; Doorkeeper, Colonel
W. P. Brownlow, of Tennessee ; Sergeant-at-Arms,
General G. W. Hooker, of Vermont ; Postmaster,
Henry D. Sherwood, of Michigan ; Chaplain, Rev.
Frederick D. Power, of Washington.
Owing to the fact that the President's message
was not ready for transmission the House ad
journed, after completing its organization, with
out transacting any business of general interest.
Tuesday's proceedings in the Senate were de
void of special interest, most of the session hav
ing been consumed in listening io tho reading of
the President's message. A number of bills and
resolutions were introduced, among them the fol
lowing: By Mr. Saunders : For the admission of Dako
ta as a State.
By Mr. Ingalls: Granting the franking privi
lege to Lucretia R. Garfield.
By Mr. Pendleton : To regulate and improve
the civil service of the United States.
Also : A bill to prevent extortion from persons
in the public service, and bribery and coercion
by such persons.
By Mr. Windom : To enable the people of the
Territory of Dakota to form a State Government
and for their admission as a State.
Mr. Beck offered a resolution calling for a com
mittee to inquire into the succession in case of
the death or inability of the President,
Mr. Edmunds called up his resolution in refer
ence to the continuance of the Senate commit
tees, after which and some little discussion the
In the House after the reading of the Journal
Mr. Haskell offered a resolution " That Allan G.
Campbell, Delegate-elect from Utah Territory, i3
entitled to be sworn in as a delegate to this House
on a prima-fucie case," which created considerable
discussion and resulted in the matter being laid
over for future consideration.
The members next proceeded to select by lot
their seats for the session, after which the Presi
dent's message was read and the House adjourned
until Friday, to give the Speaker an opportunity
to arrange the committees.
On Wednesday the Senate met as usual. A
portion of the morning hour was consumed in
an uninteresting discussion upon the propriety
of dispensing with the reading at length of com
munications from heads of Departments addressed
to the President of the Senate, the question aris
ing upon a communication from the Secretary of
War in relation to accommodations for the in
creased clerical force in the Surgeon General's
The President pro tern, ruled that, in accord
ance with the practice of his predecessor, the pa
per would be read at length, unless otherwise or
dered, and after remarks by Senators upon differ
ent interpretations of what had been the practice
heretofore, a vote was taken, when a single re
sponse was given both in the negative and affirm
ative. The Chair caused some little merriment by ob
serving that as the vote was a tie he was obliged
to exercise his constitutional prerogative, and
would vote aye. The reading then proceeded.
A large number of bills of a private nature,
mainly for individual relief, were introduced and
referred, after which the Senate adjourned.
Eugene G. Barnard, a clerk in the Treasury De
partment, charged with illegally prosecuting a
pension claim, has been held in $2,000 bail to
await the action of the grand jury. The law pro
hibits any person in Government employ from
prosecuting not only pensions, but all other
claims against the United States.