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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, B. C.y DECEMBER 10, 1881.
-When the trees arcreathcd with blossoms,
And the raptured, feathered throng
Greet the sweet spring's welcomed coming
Willi their adulating song;
In his field apace the farmer
ctrikes the furrows wide and deep,
From his hand the golden kernels
Casting forth with generous sweep.
When the sultry sun of summer
Shimmers down on all the land,
Through the days it toils unceasing
With its soft and plastic hand ;
Toils with him to make the harvest,
Bringing fleecy clouds of rain ;
And the fertile vapor rising
In the dew returns again.
With the sunshine he has labored
Till the autumn comes amain ;
And he reaps the ripened harvest
Bending on the golden plain;
Autumn with her lap overflowing
With her gifts of all the year,
And her song is sweet and tender
In her promise of good cheer.
When the winter rules the country,
AVraps the fields in icy sleep,
In the barns the stock is feeding
Horse and kine and fleecy sheep
Snug within his happy palace
What cares he how wild it blows?
He enjoys the year's completeness,
Summer's sun and whirling snows.
He may rest, for he has answered
To the world's incessant prayer
Give us bread, oh Lord, and daily
By his toil and watchful care;
And the glad ships spread their pinions
With the harvest, east and west,
Where the hungry nations waiting,
Break the bread and call him blest.
Hudson Tultlcs in Young Folks' Rural.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington, D. C.
Correspondence is solicited to this column. Commu
nications addressed to the Rural Department of The
National Tkibune, 615 Fifteenth Street, Washington,
D. C, will be appreciated.
Pathology of SrLENic Fever in Cattle.
"We have, in a former number, given an extract
from Dr. Cameron's lecture on the microscopic
organisms which connect themselves with chicken
cholera. The following remarks on splenic fever
are from the same source; the great importance
to be attached to these explanations lies in the
probability that the fatal diseases of animals may
be greatly modified, if indeed their usual fatal
endings may not be altogether prevented.
The organism, Bacillus anthracis, gives rise to
splenic fever in cattle. M. Pasteur found that it
too could be cultivated in chicken-broth. In its
case, however, a preliminary difficulty was ex
perienced. The class of organisms to which the
bacillus belongs multiply themselves in two
ways: by subdivision of their cells into other
cells, which rapidly attain the dimensions of the
standard cells; and, secondly, by a process analo
gous to flowering in the higher classes of plants,
resulting in the production of spores or seeds.
So tenacious of life are these spores in the case of
the bacillus of splenic fever, that AL Pasteur has
found them in full vitality in pits in which oxen
and sheep that had died of the disease had been
buried for ten years. He has proved, too, that
when thus buried, swallowed by earth-worms in
the soil from whicli these derive their nourish
ment, they are brought by them to the surface,
and may thus give rise to fresh outbreaks of the
disease. He found that this was the case in an
instance where a bullock had been buried in a
pit over six feet deep. His proofs were absolutely
conclusive. He placed sheep on the ground, and
they took the disease. He separated the bacillus
germs from the earth by washing it, and multi
plying them by cultivation, found that by
inoculation they produced the disease. He found
them especially in the casts brought to the
surface by earth-worms, and in the contents of
their digestive organs; and he found further,
that in districts where the soil was of such a
nature that earth-worms were rare, the disease,
when accidentally imported, was not found to
Baron Seebach narrates various circumstances
which had induced him to think that the
enormous losses from splenic fever on his estate
were due to the propagation of the disease from
the graves of dead animals. 3ut what confirmed
him in his suspicions was this: a sheep which
had died of the disease had been buried in the
corner of a field on which a crop of corn had
subsequently been grown, and which, the follow
ing year, was sown witli clover. The attention
of the Baron had been accidentally directed to
the place at the time; and one day, in passing,
he remarked that the clover had grown with
exceptional luxuriance over the spot. A few
days later he noticed that some one had stolen
the clover which grew at that corner of the field.
The next day, a woman on his property came to
him weeping, to tell him that her goat had just
died, and her cow was very ill. The disease was
found to be splenic fever; and the woman
confessed it was she who had stolen the clover
and gave it to the unfortunate goat and cow.
But to return to M. Pasteur and his experi
ments in cultivating the bacillus of this disease.
He was not the man to allow himself to be foiled
by the perversity with which this organism
insisted, when artificial cultivated, on running
to spores. He found that by maintaining his
chicken-broth at a temperature of about 110
Fahr., he could prevent spores from being devel
oped, and induce the organism to multiply itself
by subdivision, like its congener in fowl-cholera.
He found that when this was accomplished,
precisely the same results followed exposure to
the atmosphere as had followed in the other case,
but with much greater rapidity; that the organ
ism could be tamed; that a virus could be
produced of any desired degree of attenuation ;
and that when it was suffinientlv attenuated.
inoculated upon sheep or cattle, it gave rise only
to trifling constitutional results, but at the same
time wrought such a change in the system of the
animal as protected it against subsequent attacks
of splenic ferer just as effectually as was known
to be the case when an animal recovered from
the natural disease.
In May last, at Melun, before a number of
scientific authorities, fifty sheep were taken,
twenty-five inoculated with the attenuated or
tamed organism, and ear-marked, and the others
1 eft untouched. A fortnight afterwards the whole
number were inoculated with splenic fever. On
the twenty-five previously inoculated with the
attenuated bacillus, no result followed ; as to the
others, within fifty hours the whole number
were dead of splenic fever. A similar public test
undertaken in July exhibited precisely similar
consequences. Since then, many thousands of
animals havebeen inoeulated with the attenuated
virus, and the commercial results of the experi
ment will soon speak for themselves.
Vines ox "Walls. The opinion is somewhat
prevalent that vines on walls encourage, and in
deed produce, dampness. Close observance, how
ever, proves the fact that walls covered with close
growing vines are even drier than where no such
covering exists. The thicket of leaves acts as a
thatch which throws off rains and keeps the walls
dry; they have also the further effect of prevent
ing Avails from being heated by the sun, so that,
in the case of dwellings where the walls are cov
ered during summer the rooms are perceptibly
cooler in consequence. The ivy, (Hedcra Helix),
in climates suited to it, is probably the finest
evergreen plant for covering walls, but the per
sistency of its foliage has been objected too, inas
much as it prevents the sun from warming the
walls during clear days in winter. A vine which
possesses an abundance of foliage in summer and
is deciduous in winter is therefore to be preferred,
and we have no knowledge of any plant which
will meet these requirements so well as Amjwloj)
sis tricuspidata, a Japan plant, sometimes called
Japan ivy, also, (for some unexplained reason),
known as Boston ivy. This plant is nearly allied
to the well-known climbing plant, the "Virginia
creeper, or American ivy, which adorns and en
livens the landscape with its rich autumn colors.
The Japan species has exceedingly delicate foli
age when young, although the leaves become
larger, and are supported upon longer footstalks
with age ; but at all times it clings tenaciously
to walls, requiring no helping support, as its ten
drils clasp the slightest inequality or projection ;
the short tendrils end in bulbous looking points
which adhere to objects as if glued or gummed.
Its foliage does not present the autumn brillian
cy of our native species, although it occasionally
becomes well colored. It also appears to have a
tendency to lose portions of the shoots during
winter, but blanks of this kind are speedily cov
ered with a new growth which is always more
beautiful than the old.
Exglish Agricultural Statistics. The
following extracts are from the Report of the En
glish Board of Trade. In Great Britain the area
reported to be cultivated in 18S1 amounts to
32,212,000 acres as compared with 32,102,000
acres in 1S80, an increase of 110,000 in all. The
area under grain crops is 8,848,000 acres only as
compared with 8,876,000 acres in 1880, a decrease
of 28,000 acres. The area under green crops is
3,510,000 acres as compared with 3,476,000, an
increase of 34,000 acres only. The area under
clover and grasses under rotation is 4,342,000
acres, a decrease of 92,000 acres; and the area un
der arable lands altogether is 17,568,000 acres as
compared with 17,675,000 in 1880, a decrease of
107,000 acres. The increase in permanent pas
ture, on the other hand, is 216,000 acres from
14,427,000 acres in 18S0 to 14,643,000 acres in the
present year. A movement which has gone on
without interruption for some time, and whicli
has increased the area under permanent pasture
from 12,435,000 acres in 1871 to 14,427,000 acres
in 1880, while the arable fell from 18,403,000 to
17,675,000 acres, has thus been continued during
the present year. This continued decrease in
arable land and increase of permanent pasture is
unanimously ascribed to the low prices of grain
and the pressure of American competition.
As regards grain crops the most important fact,
apart from the slight decrease in the total, seems
to be that there has been a diminution of the area
under both wheat and barley, and an increase of
the area under oats. The total under wheat is
2,806,000 acres, a decrease of 103,000 acres from
1880; and under barley 2,442,000 acres, a decrease
of 25,000 acres from 1S80; while under oats the
total is 2,901,000 acres, an increase of 104,000
acres over 1880. Among the minor crops there
is an increase of 14,000 acres in the area under
beans, and a decrease of 18,000 acres under peas.
As regards green crops, the most important vari
ations, apart from the small increase already no
ticed, appear to be an increase of 28,000 acres in
potatoes, 11,000 acres in turnips, and 8,000 acres
in vetches, and a decrease of 18,000 acres in the
area under cabbage, kohl rabi, and rape. There
is also a diminution from 8,985 acres to 6,534
under flax, and from 66,698 acres to 64,943 acres
In Ireland there is a decrease of 53,000 acres in
the cultivated area. Grain crops have increased
altogether 10,000 acres, the increase being mainly
the oat crop. Green crops have increased 21,000
acres, and this is due to the large increase of 34,
000 acres u.ider potatoes, as there is a slight de
crease of other green crops. The decrease in per
manent pasture amounts to 170,000 acres, and
there is a diminution of 10,000 acres in the area
Taking the figures of 1881 as the basis, the re
sult shows that, in the United Kingdom, there is
a cultivated area in all of 47,646,000 acres, as com
pared with a total area of 77,829,000 acres, so that
61 per cent, of the area is cultivated.
Preserving Shingles. The large number
of buildings the roofs of which the farmer is com
pelled to keep tight, makes it a question of im
portance as to how he can best preserve the
shingle, and do it at a cost that will make it
f The split and shaved shingle of a hundred
years ago, that came from the old growth of pine,
were quite a different article from the sawed pine
shingle from the sapling pine of to-day. While
the former would keep a roof tight thirty or forty
years, the latter will keep one tight not much
more than one-quarter of that period.
Various methods have been devised to make
the shingle of the present day more lasting.
Dipping them in hot lime water, or coal tar, is prac
ticed by some, and is found to be very benefi-
cial ; but it is very disagreeable work to lay them,
and carpenters are not inclined to encourage the
practice. Some lime the roofs after the shingles
have been laid a year or two. No doubt this is
very beneficial to that portion of the shingle that
it touches. It is now the practice of some to
paint the roofs, as well as the other portion of
the buildings. A great variety of paints are
used. While some use wiiite lead and linseed
oil, others use various kinds of mineral paints
with cheap fish oil. Some of these are good,
while others are almost worthless.
About thirteen years ago there was a paint
made of ground slate, mixed with coal tar, and
probably some other substance, which, when
properly put on, proved to be not only fire-proof,
but a great preserver of the shingles, keeping
them without any perceptible change for more
than ten years ; but this soon went out of style,
if not out of use, probably because it was so much
trouble to put it on properly that the work was
improperly done. To do the work well, it was
necessary to apply this preparation so hot that it
would penetrate the shingles, and make a sur
face as hard as slate-stone. Probably tiie time
will come when shingles will be dipped in some
material that will not be disagreeable to the car
penters, and yet preserve them from decay.
When this can be done at the mill where the
shingles are sawed, and they can go to market all
prepared, it will be a step of progress in the
right direction, and will meet a want that at
present is felt by all owners of buildings. Mass.
Transplanting Trees Durixg "Winter
The system of removing large trees with balls of
frozen earth is frequently recommended and
occasionally practiced, but seldom with success.
No amount of soil, frozen or otherwise, will com
pensate for the destruction of roots, and to remove
all the soil occupied by them is simply imprac
ticable. The larger and older the tree, the fur
ther will the roots extend, and consequently the
fewer of them can be secured in a limited space.
There is a great w7ant of discriminating judg
ment shown in the matter of lifting and trans
planting large trees. It seems to be an opinion
held by some persons that, provided they lift a
ton or twTo of soil, success must be certain. Ex
perience proves that but a small percentage of
such removals ultimately live ; they sometimes
linger for years in a stunted or comatose state,
and finally die. In many, perhaps in most cases,
the tree could be saved by a heroic pruning ope
ration, cutting the branches severely so as to re
duce the tree to a mere stump. To secure a
healthy continued growth, the branches must be
reduced in a corresponding ratio with the reduc
tion of the root. It is roots, then, and not soil,
that ought to be removed ; and the roots can best
be traced and secured when both the soil and the
air are free of frost. In any case success will
mostly depend upon the discriminate pruning of
the branches, and this must be left to the judg
ment of a competent and experienced planter.
During the progress of removal he will acquaint
himself with the probable degree of root mutila
tion, he will also recognize the kind, age, and
health of tree operate! upon, and these factors
will have a special influence in controlling the
future management of. and care to be given to,
the plant. Occasionally, we meet with instances
where success is all that could be desired, and
that too, in the absence of any special knowl
edge of the matters involved ; but such instances
are not to be taken as infallible precedents ; all
practice not founded upon principle is empirical ;
it may be successful because it may by chance be
in accordance with natural lavs; but this being
unknown, and not recognizee no continuance of
success can be ensured, and all future efforts are
involved in uncertainty.
PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY.
The fifteenth annual session of the National
Grange of the above Order was held in this city
last week, and although a secret Order, the doors
were thrown open, and many friends of the Pa
trons and other citizens wrere admitted during
the delivery of the opening address of the Master
of the Grange.
Colonel J. P. Thompson, of Washington, one of
the founders of the Order, welcomed the members
to the old home and birth-place of the Order in
an eloquent address which was well received.
The Order originated in this city, and the first
Grange was organized during the fall of 1867, and
with one exception all of the original members
were present at this meeting.
S. H. Ellis, of Ohio, chaplain of the Grange, re
sponded to the address of welcome, and in his
remarks he paid a well-deserved tribute to the
founders for their action at the seventh annual
session, in turning over the National Grange
which up to that time had been solely in their
hands to the assembled representatives of the
great Order which they had built up, with all
its funds and advantages, and its unequalled
organization which they had established in every
State. An act so unselfish, so noble, and so un
common, as the world goes, that it should ever
be held in grateful remembrance, and cause the
names and deeds of those truly worthy brothers
to be reverenced and held up as examples in the
homes of all true Patrons all over our land.
W. M. Blair, of Nova Scotia, and Worthy Mas
ter of the Dominion Grange, of Canada, and the
accredited fraternal delegate from that body to
the National Grange, was then introduced, and
in a short but most earnest and excellent address
expressed his great pleasure at being present, and
assured the National Grange of the fraternal feel
ings that existed among the patrons of Canada for
the parent organization on this side the imagi
nary national lines. He told of the good solid
progress in the Grange work in his jurisdiction;
that they were sending the Grange and Grange
principles with the new settlers to their far west
ern plains, and it was aiding not only in build
ing up their vast territory, but was forming pub
lic sentiment and greatly aiding in the legisla
tion of the whole country in the interests of the
Mr. Blair's remarks met with hearty applause.
He is an able speaker, a member of the Dominion
Parliament, and is a well qualified and worthy
representative of the Order..
The address of the Master of the Grange, Hon.
J. J. Woodman, of Michigan, was an able and
valuable document, admitted by all to be one of
the best papers ever submitted to the body, and
was listened to with the closest attention. He ex
plained with considerable detail the duties of the
National Grange, in regard to devising measures
for the good of the whole Order. Farmers were
told that they are not only owners of the soil
they cultivate, but their own readers, thinkers,
and executors ; the crowning glory of which has
culminated in their demand for more elevated
social and intellectual life, the cultivation of a
noble manhood and womanhood amoug them
selves, and by organization and co-operation en
deavor to dignify labor, honor their profession,
protect their rights, and maintain their equality
Although we represent a class, yet it is an in
dustrial and wealth producing class, upon which
the prosperity of all other industries and interests
depend. We produce more wrealth, and contri
bute more to commerce, more for the education
of the masses, and more for the support of the
Government and its institutions than all other
interests combined. Upon the prosperity of ag
riculture depends the welfare, if not the very ex
istence of all other interests, and the strength and
perpetuity of the Government. When the soil
yields an abundant harvest every channel of
business is electrified into life, but a partial fail
ure of crops, as the returns of the present year
indicate, operates like the dying away of the
stream which furnishes the propelling power of
the mill, the machinery moves slower, and much
of it will stop altogether.
He urged that a more lively interest be taken in
Grange lectures; also that the Grange press should
be encouraged and anrply supported by the Or
der. In treating upon the transportation question,
allusion was made to the Grange as having taken
the initiatory in the movement against the "tyr
anny of monopolies," and that it stands to-day
before the world vindicated in its acts by the
ablest statesmen and jurists of the country. Sen
ator Windom has recently spoken upon this great
question in words of no uncertain meaning, and
the countiy will be disappointed in him if his
voice is not again heard in the Senate Chamber
for the right.
As to the political status of the Order, he de
clared that it was not partisan, and that it was
never intended and cannot be made to serve the
special interests of any political party ; yet to
prohibit the discussion of all questions relating
to public policy would be to defeat some af the
very objects of the organization.
In the concluding remarks, referring to the
extent of the work, he mentioned that it seems
quite impossible to refer to all the questions in
this communication which are likely to come
before you at this session. I have called your
attention only to those which I deem most im
portant to the general welfare of agriculture and
whicli relate directly to the work of our organiza
tion. The field for work is broad, and it is your
duty to explore it well, and originate and recom
mend measures for carrying forward the work so
well begun, and accomplishing the great pur
poses for which we are organized. Let the mem
bers of our Order understand and feel that the
social, literary and refining influences and finan
cial benefits of the Subordinate Grange do not
constitute all of the objects and purposes of our
Order, but we aim to make our influence rise
above and reach beyond all these, and benefit
" our country and mankind."
The Treasurer's report showed that the finan
cial condition of the Grange was very satisfactory ;
the proportion of income to expenses was such
as indicated a very perceptible yearly improver
ment. It is understood that the National Grange
is, financially, in "very comfortable circum
stances." The Secretary's report was also encouraging ;
about sixty new Granges had been organized
during the year, many dormant Granges had
been reorganized, and the membership increasing.
The reports from the States on the general
condition of the Order were very elaborate, and
showed prosperity. In Texas alone 4,000 had
been added to the membership during the year.
'lbe reports ol the various committees were
instructive and able documents ; they could not
be contained in an entire number of The
National Tribune. The following extract is
from the report of the Agricultural Committee:
"It is a fact, supported by incontestible proof,
that agriculture pays for more than its just share
of taxes for the support of goverment; and it is
equally true that its products are cheapened in
the hands of producers that they may yield
larger percentages of profit to the various in
terests intervening before ultimate use. Let us
confess in full sincerity, and with plain under
standing of the facts, that these exactions on
agriculture and its products are in nowise
singular or strange, but rather the inevitable
consequence of folly displayed by farmers them
selves. They have tilled the fields, cared for
their flocks, garnered the harvests, and marketed
the increase without reference to influences con
stantly tending to reduce their part in the re
wards. They had yielded to the direction and
dictation of other interests with astonishing self
abnegation until at last the prevailing sentiment
relegates them to the soil as fixtures too low in
the scale of intelligence to deserve part or share
in the administration of affairs. In politics they
are willing, obsequious slaves, ready always to
heed the behests of party leaders. Thev slorifv
and worship party idols, and at the polls debase
manhood in perfunctory articulation of the party
shibboleth, then go to their labor hampered and
worried by hardships invited by their ballots."
During the session the Hon. George B. Loring,
Commissioner of Agriculture, addressed the
members. He expressed his great interest in the
work of the Grange, desired the support and co
operation of its members, and expressed his
desire to place the great interest of agriculture
on the plane in our Government care and keep
ing to which it of right was entitled. The en
largement of the Department and control of such
interests as now antagonize agriculture was of
vastly more importance than the political aspect
which might be made to couple with these ques
tions. The mining, manufacturing, transporta
tion and labor statistics should be combined in
the separate bureaus of the Government in some
form. He thought it would be a benefit to have
a tabulated rate of freight and fares kept, show
ing the workings of the railroad systems in dif
ferent States in connection with agricultural in
terests. Transportation, both bv land and water,
is closely allied to agriculture. "
After a harmonious and highly useful meeting
the Grange adjourned. The next annual session
will be held at Indianapolis.
This Claim House Estab
lished in 18651
GEORGE E. LEMON,
OFFICES, G15 Fifteenth St., (Citizens' Xational Bank,)
WASHINGTON, D. C.
P. O. Drawer 325.
If wounded, injured, or have contracted any disease,
however slight the disability, apply at encc. Thousands
"Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fathers,
and minor brothers and sisters, in the order named, aro
. War of 1812.
All surviving officers and soldiers of this war, whether
in the Military or Naval service of the United Suites, who
served fourteen (11) days; or, if in a battle or skirmish,
for a less period, and the widows of such who have not
remarried, are entitled to a pension ot eight dollars a
month. Proof of loyalty is no longer required in these
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than formerly, and
many are now entitled to a higher rate tlian they receive.
From and after January, 18S1, 1 shall make no charges
for my services in claims for increase of pension, where no
new disability is alleged, unless successful in procuring'
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped from the
pensien roll, or whose names have been stricken there
from by reason of failure to draw their pension for a pe
riod of three years, or by reason of re-enlistment, may
have their pensions renewed by corresponding with this
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in another,
is not a bar to pension in cases where the wound, disease,
or injury was incurred while in the service of the United
States, and in the line of duty.
Survivors of all wars from 1790, to March 3, 1853, and
certain heirs are entitled to one hundred and sixty acres
of land, if not already received. Soldiers of the late war
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest mar
ket rates, and assignments perfected.
1 correspondence invited.
Prisoners of War.
Bation money promptly collected.
Amounts clue collected without unnecessary delay.
:ucli claims :annct be collected without the furlough.
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims ol this character promptly attended to. Many
claims of this character have been erroneously rejected.
Correspondence in such cases is respectfully invited.
Bounty and Pay
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by theArmy in States
not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special attention,
provided they were filed before January 1, 18S0. If not
filed prior to that date they are barred by statute of limi
tation. In addition to the above we prosecute Military and
Naval claims of every description, procure Patents,Trade
Marks, Copyrights, attend to business before the General
Land Office and other Bureaus of the Interior Depart
ment, and all the Departments of the Government.
We invite correspondence from all interested, assuring
them of the utmost promptitude, energy, and thorough
ness in all matters intrusted to our hands.
GEORGE E. LEMON.
As this may reach the hands of some persons unao
quainted with this House, we append hereto, as speci
mens of the testimonials in our possession, copies of let
ters from several gentlemen of Political and Military
distinction, and widely known throughout the United
Belvidere, III., October 21, 1S75.
I take great pleasure hi recommending Captain Georg2
E. Lemox, now of "Washington, D. C, to all persons who
may have claims to settle or other business "to prosecute
before the Departments at Washington. I know him to
be thoroughly qualified, well acquainted with the laws,
and with Department rules in all matters growing out
of the late war, especially in the Paymaster's and Quar
termaster's Offices. I have had occasion to employ him
for friends of mine, also, in the soliciting of Patents, aHd
have found him very active, well-informed and success
ful. As a gallant officer during the war, and an hon
orable and successful practitioner, I recommend him
strongly to all who may need his services.
S. A. HTJRLBUT, M. C,
Fourth Congressional District, Illinois.
Late Major-General, U. S. Volz,
Citizens' National Bank
Washington, D. C, January 17, 1879.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and agent for the
collection of war claims at Washington city is a thor
ough, able, and exceedingly well-informed man of busi
ness, of high character, and entirely responsible. I be
lieve that the interests of all having war claims requiring
adjustment cannot be confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CRESWELL,
W. F. ROACH,
House of Representatives,
TrlciiTvnTnv T C 1Ft..j.7 1QTK
r rom several years' acquaintance with Captain Geo RGB
E, Lemon of this city, I cheerfully commend him as a
gentleman of integrity and worth, and well qualified tc
attend to the collection of Bounty and other claim?
against the Government. His experience in that ling
give him superior advantages.
W. P. SPRAGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRAWBRIDGE, M. C,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania,
Hot;se op Representatives,
Washington, D. C, March 1, 1878.
We, the undersigned, having an acquaintance with
Captain George E. Lemon for the past few years, and a
knowledge of the systematic manner in which he con
ducts his extensive business and of his reliabilitv for fahr
and honorable dealings connected therewith, cheerfully
commend him to claimants generallv.
A. V. RICE, 'Chairman,
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Heps.
W. F. SLEMONS, M. C,
Second District of Ark.
W. P. LYNDE, M. C,
Fourth District of Wis.
R, W. TOWNSHEND,MC.,
Nineteenth District oflU.
&tT Any person desiring information as to my stand
ing and responsibility will, on request, bo furnished witis,
a satisfactory reference in his vicinity or Congressional
George E. Lemon, Att'yatLaw,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Send sketch or model for Preliminarv Examination
and Opinion as to Patentability, for which !No Charge
is made. If reported patentable, no charge for services
Unless Successful. Send for Pamphlet of Instructions.
ESTABLISHED IN 1865.