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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
UNITED STATES VS. GUITEAU
TRIAL OF THE ASSASSIN CONTINUED.
The Prisoner Finishes His Story Testimony Upon the
Question or Insauity What the Experts
Say tfuitcnu's Interruptions, &c.
The cross-examination of Guiteau was long
and tedious. In response to interrogatories put
by the prosecution lie rehearsed pretty much
everything testified in chief, and rarely contra
dicted himself. He clung to his former state
ment that he was inspired hy Deity to remove
the4President, but when he came to attempt to
explain the nature of his inspiration he only suc
ceeded in assisting in his own conviction.
He said he never had the slightest idea of re
moving Secretary Blaine; that he had not made
tip his mind to remove the President on the 23d
of May, but that the pressure upon his mind con
tinued, and about the 1st of June his mind was
made up as to the inspiration of the act and the
necessity for it. Did not regard the removal as
murder; all his natural feelings were against the
act; but felt that Deity would take care of him.
Speaking of the sources from whence he de
rived his money i', "uuy the pistol Guiteau said
that he had no trouble in borrowing, and con
tinued: "And here, Judge, I will tell how I go
about it. Perhaps you may want to learn, as you
are an older man than I am. I generally approach
a man in an open, frank, square manner and say,
I want to borrow $25 to-day.' I never tell what
I want it for. If the man has got it he gives it
on the impulse on the moment."
In defining his idea of murder Guiteau said:
"When two men quarrel and one kills the other,
that is murder. But when men stand up and
shoot each other like our boys shot the rebels
down during the war, to save the American peo
ple, they were in the right"
Upon Thursday the cross-examination was re
sumed after Guiteau had made a verbal appeal
for money to aid in his defense. ' The prisoner
said he had always been a man of peace; was
naturally eowardly and always kept away from
physical danger ; was morally brave and deter
mined when sure that
THE DEITY WAS BACK OF HIM.
The assaults on his life by Mason and Jones were
murderous ; they were not inspired ; they should
be punished because they made an assault on a
citizen of the Republic; they violated the laws of
this District. The only way they can mitigate
their offenses is by showing they were inspired
Friday the case was resumed at the usual hour,
the prisoner still being under cross-examination.
He maintained that he was a man of destiny, and
expressed himself as fully satisfied with the way
the Deity had conducted things. In speaking of
the Oneida Community he said: "Just imagine
yourself in hell, trying to get out, ladies and gen
tlemen, and you can form some idea of my ex
perience in that Community."
In response to a question by Judge Porter
whether he believed in a personal devil, the pris
oner replied: "Yes, I do. I have an article in
my little book on that subject, Judge. By the
way, it would be a good thing for you to read."
At one point of the examination, Judge Porter
plying him too closely with questions, Guiteau
fairly yelled, "If you will keep your mouth shut
and give me a chance, I will tell you all about
it" He then went on to detail the circumstances
attending his following Blaine and Garfield to
Wormley's as testified on direct examination.
The testimony was gone over so often by coun
sel that Guiteau seemed to lose all patience and
refused to answer further, but evidently having
reconsidered the matter he cried to his inquisitor,
" If your head is so thick that you cannot retain
these facts, I will endeavor to beat them in for
The prisoner, in response to the concluding
questions put by Judge Porter, said that when he
shot the President he never aimed at any partic
ular place, and that since the shooting he had
felt remorse for the act so far as his personal feel
ings were concerned.
After his discharge by the prosecution he was
examined briefly by his own counsel, but his
testimony was substantially as he had already
given it, and a little after two p. m. he was per
mitted to leave the stand which he had occupied
for three days. The general conclusion of those
who heard his testimony wa3 that he had com
pletely ruined whatever chance for escape he may
bavehad he having satisfied even the doubt
ing ones that he was at least sane enough to know
the nature of the offense for which he was being
tried, and capable of distinguishing between
right and wrong.
The next witness called upon the question of
insanity was Dr. Alexander Neil, of Columbus,
Ohio, who testified that he met the prisoner in
Columbus in 1878; he was attempting to lecture
on theology, and was selling an inspired volume
of his own authorship: he called on witness to
sell a book ; he said it was one of the finest lit
erary works ever produced by an inspired pen;
the witness introduced him to several gentlemen;
witness had had some experience with cases of
insanity; from conversation with the prisoner
thought him a lunatic.
Cross-examined: Had three or four conversa
tions, from three minutes to half an hour, with
the prisoner ; he met him casually on the streets,
and a crowd generally gathered around; had
never had any occasion to examine his condition
with reference to his responsibility for commit
Several other witnesses were called, but not
answering, the court adjourned.
On Saturday the first witness was Colonel J.
0. P. Burnside, disbursing clerk of the Post-Of-fice
Department. He testified that he lived at
Freeport from May, 1841, for six years, and afer
wards removing there again lived there for twelve
or thirteen years ; he knew L. W. Guiteau and
family : did not think he ever saw the prisoner's
mother but once ; it was in the dining-room in
the rear of her husband's store ; it was about a
year after he went there; he and John Wilson
Guiteau were chums or playmates; he under
stood that Mrs. L. W. Guiteau was an invalid ;
she looked like a confirmed invalid ; when he
saw her she was reclining in a chair ; he thought
she wore ij. whitfj cap. The witness was not
EMORY A. STOKES, OF CHICAGO,
was then called and sworn. He bowed to the
judge before beginning his testimony. He had
known the prisoner eight or ten yeais ; he had
known him in Chicago, and met him in New York
and Washington ; he could Siardly be said to be
acquainted with him ; he knew him in Chicago
as a young lawyer ; he met him on the streets in
New York ; the prisoner seemed to be in excel
lent spirits ; he handed witness his business card ;
witness thought he said his prospects were good;
he talked with him about three minutes ; he had
met him frequently in New York since then ; had
seen him particularly about the Republican
headquarters there last year ; had met him about
the committee rooms about a dozen times ; he re
membered seeing him when there was a general
gathering there ; the prisoner came up to him,
patted him on the shoulder, and said, u You are
on the right track." Witness thought he referred
to his Burlington speech. The prisoner shortly
afterwards came to witness's hotel and gave him
several copies of his (the prisoner's) speech ; the
prisoner seemed to be very proud of it ; witness
was first struck by the typography of the speech;
it appeared to be issued under the auspices of the
national committee, which seemed very curious
to witness after he read its contents; remembered
meeting the prisoner here in April ; witness met
him at the Riggs House ; he observed nothing
peculiar about his address ; his manner was one
of exaltation; witness thought the prisoner
said he was to have the Austrian mission or Paris
consulship ; the witness suggested that it was an
important place and larger perhaps than the Gov
ernment would give him ; the prisoner then re
ferred to his speech and services ; witness said,
also, that these offices were in Mr. Blaine's de
partment, and Mr. Blaine was a politician and an
able one; believe the prisoner said " I am solid
with Blaine." Witness thought the conversation
was tending to a point where he would be asked
to see Mr. Blaine, and he (witness) remarked that
his political relations with Mr. Blaine were such
that an advocacy of his would hurt the prisoner's
chances ; the prisoner did not ask him to see Mr.
Blaine ; the prisoner seemed very happy and con
fident, as though he was sure of getting some
thing which he very much desired; there was
nothing in the prisoner's conversation in New
York that led him to form any particular opin
ion as to the prisoner's mental condition. "Alto
gether, I had formed an opinion as to his mental
size," said Mr. Storrs.
Mr. Scoville asked him his opinion.
The witness disclaimed being an expert.
Being pressed as to his opinion as to the sanity
of the prisoner, Mr. Storrs, having been instructed
by the Court to answer, said : " I shall express no
opinion as to Guiteau's sanity or insanity, or as
to the degree of his mental soundness. My im
pression was that he had an illy-balanced judg
ment, an illy -balanced mind, and he did not
have what the average man calls good common
Upon cross-examination by Mr. Davidge, the
witness said he had never seen anything in Mr.
Guiteau which led him to believe that he could
not judge between right and wrong.
SENATOR DAVID DAVIS
was next put upon the stand, but his testimony
had no bearing upon the case, and he was speed
Monday, the 5th, the Court met as usual, and
the examination of the witnesses summoned as
experts was begun, after Guiteau had made the
following statement :
"Before any expert testimony begins, I desire
to make a short speech. The very point which
I want the experts to pass upon is this I have
stated it repeatedly, and will do it again : When
a man claims that he is impelled to do an illegal
act from a power beyond him, which he cannot
recall, when his moral agency is dominated I
want these experts to say whether that is sanity
James G. Kicrnan was the first witness, and
testified that he was a physician of Chicago,
having graduated in medicine in 1874; that he
was managing editor of the Chicago Medical Jic
vicio, and lecturer on medical diseases at the
Chicago Medical College.
After which Mr. Scoville read the following
hypothetical case in the form of interrogatory :
(Continued on eighth iage.)
D. O., SATUBDAY, DECEMBEE 17, 1881.
YARIOUS ITEMS OF-INTEREST
AT THE CAPITAL AND ELSEWHERE.
Aspirants for Office Appointments- 4 Presidential Bull.
The Iron-Clad Oath An Industrious Senator.
A Tidal-Wave in the House, &c.
General C. W. Pavey, of Moint Vernon, HI., is
at the Ebbitt House. General Pavey's friends
are pressing him for the internal revenue col
lectorship of the Cairo (111.) district. He was a
gallant Union soldier, fought valiantly, was
captured, and suffered all the horrors of a twenty
three months' incarceration in rebel prisons, re
sulting in impairment of his health for life.
Presidents perpetrate bulls in their messages,
whereby they demonstrate that they are but
human, like the rest of us. Fol instance: Presi
dent Taylor gravely informed his fellow-citizens
that "We are at peace with all the world and th
rest of mankind." President Arthur "trnetrate?"
a milder Milesian taurus, as follows . " Of the
$15,000,000 of fractional currency still outstand
ing only abit $80,000 have been redeemed."
Speaker Keifer is the fortunate owner of much
land in Nebraska which is rabidly increasing in
value, and he is in consequence thereof a prospec
The Democrats want to do away with the
iron-clad oath. They never did like it. But
why didn't they repeal it when they controlled
both Houses of Congress.
Senator Beck, of the Dark and Bloody Ground,
objects to the law giving settlers who can take
the iron-clad oath an additional 160 acres of land
as homestead, and wants it changed.
Dr. O. M. Long, of Jacksorville, 111., surgeon
in the Union army during the war and eleven
years consul at Panama by appointment of Pres
ident Grant, is an applicant for reappointment
in the consular service. He retired under Mr.
Thirty-seven of the one hundred and fifty
members of the Iowa Legislature were bom in
Ohio, and ten others lived the.re before going to
lo 3. Sixiv three oi' Die o:;f A Madrid a;:d four
teen members who are over thirty-six years old
were Union soldiers in the rebellion.
Senator Cockrell, of Missouri, is a very indus
trious man. Lastweekheintroduced thirty-three
Hon. Thomas J. Henderson, Kepresentative in
Congress from Princeton (111.) District, iB in
receipt of scores of letters, commending, in the
wannest terms, his action in introducing in the
House the resolution passed unanimously, direct
ing that all the maimed Union soldiers, employees
of that body, should be retained in the positions
they hold. General Henderson represents the
district represented in the House for many years
by Owen Lovejoy.
Indiana was assigned five places about the
House one in the Clerk's office, at $2,000 a year,
and four in the doorkeeper's office one on the
soldiers' roll, one at $1,200, one at $1,000, and one
at $900. In drawing lots for them, Mr. DeMotte
got the $2,000 clerkship, for which he recommends
Captain McKee, of Logansport, Ind. General
Browne drew the place on the soldiers' roll, and
recommends J. R. Whittaker, of Wayne county,
Indiana, a one-legged soldier. The other places
went to the Hons. Pierce, Steel, and Heilman,
respectively. They have not decided whom they
The number of bills introduced into the House
on Tuesday was about 750, and the call of States
is less than half completed. It is a regular tidal
Colonel James McLeer, the one-armed soldier
postmaster of Brooklyn, N. Y., is a guest at
Willard's. The gallant Colonel is an applicant
for reappointment, and is likely to succeed. The
Grand Army of the Republic back the Colonel in
The bill reported by Mr. Logan, recently, from
the Senate Committe on Military Affairs, to pro
vide for placing Gen. Grant on the army retired
list, reads, as amended by the committee, as
"Be it enacted, c, That in recognition of the
eminent services of Ulysses S. Grant, late General
of the Army, the President be, and hereby is,
authorized to nominate, and, by and with the
advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint him
to the army, with the rank and grade of general,
to be placed on the retired list, with pay accord
ingly. All laws and parts of laws, in conflict
herewith, are suspended for this purpose only."
The bill passed the committee by a party vote
of five against three: Senators Logan, Cameron,
of Pennsylvania, Harrison, Sewell, and Hawley,
in the affirmative; Cockrell, Maxe3r, and Grover,
in the negative; and nampton absent.
The President has adopted the following rules
in regard to the reception of visitors at the White
House: Monday, Wednesday, and Thursday from
10 a. m. to 1. p.m.; Tuesday and Friday (Cabinet
days), Senators and member., only from 10 a m.
to 12 m. Saturday has been set aside for office
business, and on that day no one will be received
by the President.
General and Mrs. Grant will visit President
Arthur at the White House about New Yeiw's
Day. They will remain a month.
PENSIONS AND PENSIONERS.
In the Senate on Tuesday Mr. Davis, of West
Yirginia, submitted a resolution directing the
Secretary of the Interior to furnish as early as
practicable a statement showing first what frauds,
if any, have been discovered in the payment of
pensions, the nature and character thereof, under
the various pension acts; whether in the Pension
Office, by pension agents, or in any bureau of any
department from which information relating to
the granting of pensions is obtained, and what
legislation, if any, he can recommend to protect
the Government from such fraudulent claims,
and the honest pensioner from fraud and extor
tion; second, what amount of arrearages has been
paid under the "arrears acts" of 1879 up to Jan
uary 1, 1882, with the number of cases added to
the pension roll, and of applications now pend
ing under said acts ; third, the estimated amount
that will be required annually to pay the settled
and pending cases under said acts ; the estimated
t total. cobts of the arrearages of pensions; the an
nual .'-mount after the arrearages have been de
termined, of the regular pension roll, and the
total cost. Tabled and ordered to be printed.
EXPENSES OF GARFIELD'S TLLNESS,
On Monday Senator Edmunds introduced a
bill which authorities the Secretary of the Treas
ury to audit, adj ust, and defray the necessary
reasonable and extraordinary expenses and lia
bilities incurred by or on behalf of the late
James A. Garfield, President of the United States,
resulting from the assault committed upon him
in his character as President on the second day
of July, 1881.
There is a proviso that the aggregate sum al
lowed and paid under this act shall not exceed
$100,000. The second section appropriates $100,
000, or as much thereof as shall be necessary to
carry out the provisions of the act. The third
f section provides that the act shall be in force for
one year next after its passage and no longer.
MR. BLAINE'S SUCCESSOR.
On Monday the President sent to the Senate
the nomination of Fre 'erickT. Frelinghuysen to
be Secretary of State and the same was at once
Mr. Frelinghuysen was formerly a Senator
from his State. New Jersey, is a man of fine abil
ity, and with his experience in public affairs will
doubtless make a good officer.
A PLEASANT INCIDENT
The following little incident is related of Hon.
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, the new Secretary of
It occurred during the winter so famous for its
heavy sleets, about five years ago, and it was
during one of the worst of these storms. A poor
Irish woman was struggling along I street to
wards her home, with a heavy bundle in her
arms ; she was slipping and falling, and seemed
quite unable to make headway against the sting
ing gale. The Senator was coming from his door
to his carriage, on his way to a State dinner, when
he saw her. He stopped, and then went towards
her, saying, with the greatest courtesy he would
have shown the most exalted lady in the land :
"You seem to have trouble getting along?"
" God knows I have, sir," she answered, almost
" Well, step into my carriage here, and tell my
man where to drive you."
And then he fairly ran back to the house to
escape the storm of blessings that fell with true
Irish warmth athwart the storm.
GENERAL H. B. BANNING.
General H. B. Banning died suddenly Satur
day morning at his home in Cumminsville, Ohio.
Born at Mount Vernon, Ohio, on the 10th of
November, 1834, he was educated in the common
schools and studied and practiced law in his
native town until the outbreak of the war. He
was a Douglas Democrat in 1860, and was one of
the first to enlist in the spring of 1S61 as a
private soldier. Promoted successively to the
rank of captain, major, lieutenant-colonel, col
onel, and brevet brigadier-general, he continued
in the service until the end of the Avar, having
distinguished himself at the battle of Chicka
mauga. When he returned home the citizens
of Knox county elected him to the Ohio Legis
lature in 1863 and again in 18G7. He removed
to Cincinnati in 1869 and practiced law. He
was elected to the Forty-third Congress as a
Representative from Ohio, running as a liberal
Republican and defeating ex-President Hayes,
who rau as a Republican. He was re-elected to
the Forty-fourth Congress as a Democrat.
A BLISS-FULL THREAT.
Dr. Bliss was recently interviewed regarding
Dr. Boynton's letter, endorsed by Mrs. Garfield,
referred to elsewhere, and seemed somewhat
perturbed over the recent, status given the affair.
The fact of Mrs. Garfield's seeming to turn upon
him caused him more regret than any other
feature. The Doetr said, that if Drs. Baxter,
and Bowii'Mi rnmijiitwl in their persistence to
vaje a war. ir niiM weessitate the publication
of s Mne private m 'ii.-is h:arinr 0)i the. can that
would r fl'M iiumm iw.- iuitrv. aud surely do
these :mi;ijni-tio driu! u' good. WV wonder
if the. dr,-V Unv;fi li iw any connection with
the alleged itM'iilttiiMf in stocks?, of which the
country heard so nup-h during Gen. Garfield's
SEBIES. VOIh 1., N-18.
NOTES OF FOREIGN NEWS.
PICKED UP FROM THE ATLANTIC CABLE.
Gaming Tables That Paid Wholesale Arrests In Rus
sia The Woman In The Case A Lost Bal
loonatic Fire in Vienna, &c.
The Paris correspondent of the Times says it is
reported that Prince Roland Bonaparte has' sold
his interest in the Monaco gaming tables for
920,000 nearly $5,000,000.
The cattle plague has appeared in several parts
The Novoe Vremya, of St. Petersburg, states
that during the recent disorders at Odessa the
police and Cossacks searched all the restaurants,
night houses, &c, and arrested 1,348 persons.
Advices from St. Petersburg state that the three
ofiicers Major-General Mravinski and State
Councillors Tjaeglieff and Foursoff police offi
cials who were sentenced to exile in Archangel
for three years for having neglected to take the
necessary precautions in the matter ef the Little
Sadowa street mine which so nearly proved
fatal to the Czar, have also been condemned to
the loss of all their civil rights and privileges.
Major-General Mravinski's name is strtick out of
the army list. Extenuating circumstances were
found by the jury, which was composed of mer
chants. Great surprise was manifested at the
mildness of the sentence.
The Novoe Vremya, of St. Petersburg, severely
criticises President Arthur's message on account,
of his reference to the condition of the Jews in
A dispatch from Constantinople says : Assym
Pacha, Minister of Foreign Affairs, has informed
General Wallace, the American Minister, that
Ali, who murdered Mr. Parsons, the American,
missionary, died over a year ago.
The emperor of Russia has found out who has
placed the threatening letters and proclamations
with which he has been annoyed for some time
past in his prayer book and pocket handkerchiefs.
During the last three weeks he set a watch in bis
room and caught a woman who had been in the
service of the Empress for the last eight years.
She was in the act of placing a letter in his
prayer book. This letter reminded the Emperor
that he had only a few weeks of life before him.
The woman wept and declared that she had done
this out of gratitude and with the conviction
that she was averting a catastrophe to the sov
ereign whom she loved so well. But neverthe
less she refused to give the name of the man who
supplied her wih the letters and proclamations.
There is some excitement in Madrid about the
French advance toward Morocco, and the repub
licans are working up popular sentiment for the
recovery of Gibraltar.
Mr. Blaine's dispatches on the South American
question are criticised by the London Standard
and the Fall Mall Gazette, the former hinting
that the United States wish to establish a Peru
vian protectorate, the latter saying that the Com
missioner will not support Mr. Hurlbut.
The Vienna fire is being investigated by the
Tribunal for Criminal Offenses.
DEATH OF GENERAL MARTINDALE.
A cable message from Nice, France, announces
the death of Major-General John Henry Martin
dale, who, from 1862 to 1864, was military gov
ernor of Washington. He was attorney-general
of New York in 1866-'G7, and was one of the
ablest lawyers in the State.
A LOST BALLOONATIC,
A cablegram from London states that the bal
loon which got away from Bridport on Sunday,
and went out to sea, carding Mr. Walter Powell"
M. P., for Malmesburg, is believed to have gone
down about two miles out, and the sea there is
GREAT FIRE IN VIENNA,
The Ring Theatre, formerly the Comic Opera
House, where Sara Bernhardt recently performed,
took fire at seven o'clock p. m. December 8, just
before the beginning of the opera "Les Contes
d'Hoffman." The five was caused bv the fall of
a lamp on the stage. The house was tolerably
full, and the loss of life is very great. Many
persons were injured. Sixty were savedvby
means of ladders and by jumping into cloths
held below. The greatest efforts were made to
save life. The scene was terrible, the flames
shooting up through the roof and eventually
gutting the entire building. The chief cause of
the catastrophe was that in the confusion the
iroa partition separating the stage from the audi
torium was not lowered. Thousands of people
assembled in the neighboring streets where they
could hear the cries of agony of the people at
the windows of the theatre praying to be saved.
The rapidity of the flames prevented the peopl
from taking advantage of the ordinary exife.
Only a small proportion of the audience saTed
themselves, which they did by leaping from win
dows three stories high into cloths held below.
The Vienna official report, published on the
11 th, says that the number of persons recorded
as missing, including those identified and those
not identified, is 917. The funeral ceremonies
took place on the 12th in the p-resettCS of a Yaat
concourse of people.