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THE NATIONAL TBIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, DECEMBEB 17, 1881.
A ROUSING CAMP FIRE.
John F. Reynolds Post, No. 6, oJ thiB city held
a Camp-fire Monday night, and it recalled to many
the time when camp-fires were things in dead earn
est. A light-blue hazy smoke hung over Spen
cerian Hall, corner of Seventh and L streets north
"west, caused not by the blaze of gunpowder, but
by the more genial consumption of man's solace
and comforter tobacco. Two boxes filled with
clay pipes and two of tobacco were placed near
the door, and each gallant warrior on entering
"loaded" and "fired," thus adding his mite to
the general volume. Here and there could be
seen some old war-scarred veteran with his
crutches beside him or some sleeve hanging limp
by its owner's side showing where the deadly sa
bre or fatal bullet had done its work. A military
cap, the familiar blue fatigue coat, and a medal
suspended by a couple of inches of parti-colored
ribbon showed through occasional rifts in the
smoke and gave the gathering a semi-military
appearance. The hall was well filled, represent
atives from many other Posts being present. At
half-past seven Dr. "V. W. Granger, who presided,
announced a bugle song by Col. Rogers. Captain
!Moore followed with camp-meeting song, "Oh
I'll Meet You Dar." Comrade Randolph and Mr.
Mallard then gave the scene between Brutus and
Cassius from " Julius C;esar." The recitation was
well-rendered and evoked frequent outbursts of
applause. Comrade Scott's manly voice brought
down the house with "An Old Man's Song," and
in response to long-sustained applause gave
" Moriarty." Professor Webb gave a piano solo,
and Mr. Mallard an exceedingly good comic reci
tation, entitled "Business in Mississippi." Dr.
Granger recited a little ante-bellum story, which
had for its hero General Prentiss, and which took
tremendously. Comrade Randolph followed with
a recitation written by Bret llarte at the dedica
tion exercises at Providence, R. I., last year. It
was entitled " Miss Blanche's Rose," and is in Bret
Harte's usual happy vein. Mr. Kennedy gave a
baritone solo, and was encored. General Wluttier,
a relative of the poet, of George G. Meade Post,
occupied the attention of the conipany with a few
remarks. He suggested that several Post3 should
have a hall and museum here wrorthy of the G.
A. R. Comrade Townsend then recited " The
Clown's Story," and at its conclusion Col. Rogers
said he was going to sing " Tramp, Tramp," and
wanted the boys to join in the chorus. And join
they did ! The very walls shook as the grand old
strains echoed through the hall. When the ex
citement had somewhat subsided Dr. Granger
announced that the boys could tramp upstarts
and attack the commissary. After the hard tack
had been suitably dealt with, song succeeded song
in rapid succession until the bugle sounded lights
out, which happened 'about 11.30.
IN THE SENATE. On Thursday the 8th inst.
the President pro tem. submitted the response of
the Secretary of the Interior to the Senate resolu
tion of May 9, lSal, transmitting a list of the names
of officers, clerks, and other employees on the rolls of
the Department, with the salary, date of appoint
ment and grade of office of each, the State to which
each is charged, and indicating who served in the
Union and who in the confederate armies.
Bills were introduced and referred to committees
as follows: By Mr. Pendleton To provide that the
principal officers of each of the Executive Depart- j
ments may occupy seats on the floor of the Senate j
and House of Representatives. Kererreu, on motion
of Mr. Pendleton, to special committee of ten, to he
appointed by the Chair. By 2Ir. Vest To make the
wife a competent witness iu trials for bigamy in
the Territories of the United States; referred to
Committee on Judiciary. Also, for recording of mar
riages in Territories: Committee on Territories.
By Mr. Plumb For a readjustment of the salaries
of certain postmasters in aceordauce with section S
of act of June 12, 1SGG ; to Post Offices. By Mr. Max
ey To designate, classify, and fix the salaries of
persons in the railway mail service ; to Post Offices.
By Mr. Cockerell For a classified, analytical, and
descriptive catalogue of all Government publications
from July -1, 1876, to March 4, 1SS1 ; to Printing.
Also, for the investigation and examination of the
accounts of certain land-grant railroads, in accord
ance with the decision of the Supreme Court, and
for a full report of the results thereof to Congress
the bill is identical with that reported favorably
last Eession ; to Military Affairs. Also, to extend
the time for filing claims for horses and equipments
lost by officers and enlisted men in the service of
the United States and for other purposes ; to Mili
tary Alfairs. Also, to amend certain sections of the
revised statutes. It provides that every soldier or
officer who served in the military or naval service
of the United States during the recent rebellion for
ninety days and was honorably discharged, and m
case of his death his widow and minor children,
shall be entitled to 1G0 acres of public land not
otherwise reserved or appropriated.
Upon the conclusion of morning business, Mr.
Morrill's tariff commission bill was taken up. and
Mr. Morrill addressed the Senate thereon, after
which the Senate adjourned until Monday.
The House was not in session, having previously
adjourned from Wednesday until Friday.
Fbiday, December 9.
The HOUSE met at the usual hour Senate not
The proceedings opened with the reception of a
message from the Senate, announcing the passage of
the resolution granting Mrs. Garfield the franking
privilege, and the appointment of a select commit
tee to take suitable steps toward eulogistic ceremo- '
nies concerning the assassination of the late Presi- j
dent Garfield. j
Mr. Robeson, of New Jersey, secured recognition '
and called attention to the fact that he had previ- I
ously announced that he would move that when the I
House adjourned to-day it would be to meet on '
Tuesday next. He said further that as that would ',
cut off Monday, the regular bill day, he hoped that '
the House would allow members to unload them
selves of accumulating bills and resolutions Tues
day. This proposition was unanimously agreed to.
Speaker Keifer then swore in Congressman Mills,
of Texas, and announced Messrs. A. Herr Smith, of
Pennsylvania ; Ryan, of Kansas; Paul, of Virginia;
Cox, of South Carolina, and McKenzie, of Kentucky,
as the Committee on Mileage.
Mr. Robinson suggested as a matter that needed
immediate attention, the appointment of a select
committee to join with a like committee of the Sen
ate in auditing the accounts of expenses incurred by
the assassination and burial of President Garfield.
This was objected to as out of order and went
The Chair then announced the following select
committee of the House to join with the Senate
committee iu arranging for the Garfield eulogistic
ceremonies: MoKinley, of Ohio; raobeco, ol Uali- !
fornia; Belford, of Colorado ; Wait, of Connecticut ; !
Forney, of Alabama; Dunn, of Arkansas; Martin of j
Delaware ; Davidson, of Florida ; Stephens, of Geor
gia; Cannon, of Illinois: Orfch. of Indiana: Kassou.
of Iowa; Anderson, of Kansas; Carlisle, of Ken- j
tacky; Gibson, of Louisiana; Dingley, of Maine;
y -V.1 . -aryiaiM ; Harris, of Massachusetts;
H1?0.1 "clugan; Dunnell, of Minnesota: Hooker,
of Mississippi ; Ford, of Missouri ; Valentine, of Ne-
;i,;. hriT p-! "1Ti:auai.iiai, ot ewiiamp
"""' " ' -w jersey; Vance, of .North Caro
lina; George, of Oregon; O'Neill, of Pennsylvania;
Chaee, of lihode Island; Aiken, of South Carolina
Pettiboue, of Tennessee; Mills, of Texas; Joyce, of
Vermont; lucker, of Virginia; Wilson, of West
irgznia, s.vJL llhsuos, of Wisconsin.
The annual report of the late Gerk Adams, and
an account and inventory of his effects as transferred
to Clerk McPherson was submitted. It showed
everything to be in a highly satisfactory condition.
Indefinite leave of absence was granted Mr. Phis
ter, of Kentucky, on account of the death of his
father, and to Mr. Carlisle, of the same State, on ac
count of important business.
The House then, at 12:20 o'clock, on motion of
Mr. Robeson, adjourned until next Tuesday at
The SENATE convened at tho usual hour. But
little business was transacted.
A communication was received from the Secretary
of War, transmitting reports relative to the proposed
new building for a Tension Office in Washington.
Referred to flic Committee on Appropriations.
The Chair submitted a memorial from the Legis
lature of Minnesota for an appropriation for the im
provement of the Mississippi River from St. An
thony's Falls to New Orleans. Referred to the Spec
ial Committee on Mississippi River Improvement.
Messrs. Edmunds and Hampton presented peti
tions for the abolition of the tax on bank checks.
Referred to the Committee on Finance.
A number of bills were introduced and referred to
committees, among which was the following:
By Mr. Harrison : For delivery to the Society of
the Army of the Cumberland of condemned cannon
to aid in the erection of a statue of Gen. Garfield.
To Military Affairs.
A communication from the President of the United
States transmitting in response to Senate resolution
of May 17, 1881, the report of the Secretary of State
touching the Geneva convention for the relief of the
wounded in war was received and referred to the
Committee on Foreign Relations.
Mr. Hill, of Georgia, from the Committee on Priv
ileges and Elections, reported back certain memori
als from members of tho New York Legislature af
fecting the right of the present Senators from that
State to occupy seats in the Chamber, and asked
that they be tabled and the committee discharged
from their further consideration.
Upon request of Mr. Garland report was allowed
to lie over under the rule.
The tariff commission bill was then taken up and
debated by Senators Garland, Beck, and Morrill.
Subsequently, on motion of the last-named, all the
bills on the subject were referred to the Committee
The civil service reform bill of Mr. Pendleton was
then taken up and laid over as the unfinished busi
ness for to-morrow.
Mr. Grover introduced a bill authorizing full pay to
Lieutenant Schwatka, U. S. A., while on leave to
serve in command of the Franklin search expedition
in the Arctic Ocean. Referred to Committee on
Mr. Davis, of Illinois, introduced a bill to establish
a court of appeals. Referred to Committee on Judi
ciary. Sir. Davis, of West Virginia, introduced a bill to
repeal certain laws relating to the payment of in
definite appropriations. This bill was introduced
by Mr. Davis in the last Congress, and passed the
Senate. It makes the larger number of the so-called
indefinite or permanent appropriations specific ap
propriations. Referred to Committee on Appropri
ations. Mr. Cameron, of Pennsylvania, introduced a bill
which appropriates $200,000, to be distributed pro
portionately among the officers and crew of the
United States steamer Montauk.
The bills and joint resolutions introduced num
bered over eighty.
At half-past two o'clock the Senate went into Ex
ecutive session, confirmed the nomination of Hon.
Frederick P. Freelinghuysen, of New Jersey, to be
Secretary of State, and a few minutes later ad
Mr. Hoar, from the Committee on Rules, reported
back thG resolution for a select committee of seven,
to be appointed by the Chair, on the extension of
the suffrage to women, or the removal of their legal
disabilities. He asked unanimous consent for the
present consideration of the resolution.
Mr. Vest objected.
Mr. Ransom submitted a resolution constituting a
select committee of five to inquire and "report as to
the condition of the Potomac river front of the city
of Washington ; the navigability of said river; the
effect of oridges across the same upon navigation,
floods and the health of the city, and what action
ought to be taken in the premises; with power to
send for persons and papers, examine witnesses and
employ a clerk and stenographer, if necessary.
Adopted, and Messrs. Ransom, Jones of Nevada,
Kellogg, Conger, and Vest were constituted by the
Chair the committee.
Bills were introduced and referred to committees
as stated :
By Mr. Dawes To amend Revised Statutes in re
lation to the sale of spirituous liquors to Indians,
and for other purposes ; to Judiciary. By Mr. Vest
To incorporate the Inter-Oceanic Ship Railway Com
pany, and for other purposes; to Commerce. By Mr.
Slater To increase the water supply of the city of
Washington ; to District of Columbia. Mr. Logan,
from the Committee on Military Affairs, reported,
with amendments, the bill to place Gen. Grant on
the army retired list ; placed on the calendar. Mr.
Maxey, of the committee, said the report just made
was not unanimous, and he would indicate his objec
tions to it at the proper time.
Mr. Edmunds submitted a resolution requesting
the President, if iu his opinion not incompatible
with the public interest, to communicate to the Sen
ate all the correspondence between the Government
of the United States and its diplomatic agents in
Peru and Chili, respectively, occurring since the 1st
of April, 1879, touching public affairs in or between
those States, and also such correspondence on the
subject as may be in possession of the Department.
Agreed to without dissent.
The report of the Committee on Privileges and
Elections upon the memorials affecting the title of
the New York Senators to their seats, was laid on
the table, after a statement by Mr. Garland that,
upon examination, he saw nothing to. dissent from
in the report.
This action was regarded as finally settling the
At 1:15 p. m. the bill to regulate and improve the
civil service was taken up, and Mr. Pendleton ad
dressed the Senate.
In the HOUSE Mr. Taylor offered a resolution,
which was unanimously adopted, for the appoint
ment of a select committee, of eleven members, to
audit all claims for services and expenses growiug
out of the illness and burial of the late President
Garfield. Also, to consider what allowance, pension
or privilege shall be granted tne widow and lamily
of the late President.
' Mr. Robeson offered a resolution for the appoint
ment of the following select committees: On the
census; on reform in the civil service; on the law
respecting the election of President and Vice-President;
on epidemic diseases; on the inter-oceanic
ship canal ; on the payment of pensions, bounty, and
Mr. Knott objected to the resolution on the ground
that the majority of those committees were unnec
essary. On motion of Mr. Sherwin, a resolution was adopt
ed for the appointment of the Committee on the
A large number of bills were introduced, the titles
of which are given elsewhere, after which the House
adjourned until Friday.
In the SENATE Mr. Allison, from the Com
mittee on Appropriations, reported favorably the
bill supplying the accidental omission of the word
"and" in the clause of the sundry civil appropria
tion act of the" last Congress, making an appropria
tion for a new pension building. He explained that
the omission had restricted the appropriation of
$200,000 then made to the purchase of a site, al
though it was intended to apply also to the pur
chase of a new building.
Laid on the table at the suggestion of Mr. Ed
munds, to enable inquiry to be made as to the suf
ficiency of the appropriation.
On motion of Mr. Sherman, the commitee on tho
Garfield memorial services was increased by tho
addition of two members, namely, Messrs. Conger
Bills were introduced and referred to committees
as stated : Bv Mr. Ingalls For a public building
for Government offices at Atchison, Kan. By Mr.
Camden For a further appropriation to continue
the improvement of the Ohio river in West Vir
ginia; also, in relation to steamboat inspectors;
also, for the construction of two ice-breakers in the
Ohio river, near Parkersburg, W. Va. By Mr. Davis
(W. Va.) For a court-house and post-office build
ings at Clarksburg, W. Va. By Mr. Edmunds For
ascertaining and settling privato land claims in cer
tain States and Territories. By Mr. Hawley To
authorize the President to make the necessary ar
rangements to carry into effect any convention be
tween the United States and Nicaragua for the
adjustment of claims which may bo duly concluded
between the two governments. By Mr. Plumb
Joint resolution for the relief of the Kansas City,
Fort Scott and Gulf Railroad Company,
At the close of the morning business iu the Sen
ate the subject of the presidential succession was
brought up and Mr. Beck addressed the Senate to
illustrate the urgency for legislative action.
The Senate Committee on Appropriations to-day
took up the Thurman resolution, directiug an in
vestigation of the expenditure of contingent funds
by the various Departments. The subject was re
ferred to a sub-committee of five, consisting of Alli
son (chairman), Logan, Hale, Davis of West Vir
ginia, and Cockrell, with instructions to obtain from
the Departments such facts as are needed, and es
pecially to get the testimony taken by the Treasury
committee that investigated Pitnoy and have it
printed. There was some discussion about the
mode of conducting the investigation, the Demo
crats urging that it be done with open doors, but
this question was not decided. The sub-committee
is to do the work of investigation and report back
to the full committee. They will begin work im
mediately. After transacting some further unim
portant business the Senate adjourned.
SOMETHING ABOUT PENSIONS.
A correspondent sends us tho following article
concerning pensions :
The first pension law passed by Congress was that
of April 10, 180G, and was entitled "An act to pro
vide for persons who were disabled by known wounds
received in the Revolutionary war." This was fol
lowed by an act concerning invalid pensioners, and
was approved April 25, 1S0S, the object of which was
to provide for payment of State pensioners of the
Revolution by the United States, and for invalids
disabled subsequent to the Revolution.
An act to raise an additional military force, ap
proved Jan. 11, 1812, to provide for invalids of the war
of 1812. stated that " if any officer, non-commissioned
officer, musician, or private shall be disabled by
wounds or otherwise while in the line of his duty in
public service, he shall be placed on the list of inva
lids of the United States."
By act of April 16, 1816, the widows of the sol
diers of the war of 1812 were added to the list of
those entitled to pensions. In case the widow was
not living the children under 16 were entitled.
An act supplemental to tho "Act for the relief of
surviving officers and soldiers of the Revolution,
and approved June 7, 1832," made an increase in the
amount of pension previously paid, said increase to
continue during lifo.
Act of July 4, 1836, provides "five years half pay
to widows or orphans of those who have died since
April 20, 1S18, in the service of the United States or
of wounds received in the service." This act was at
expiration renewed from time to time until bj' act
of February 3, 1853, " all those surviving widows
who.bave been or may be granted and allowed five
years half pay under the provision of any law or
laws of the United States, be and they are hereby
granted a continuance of such half pay during life."
In case the widow was not living the children (un
der 16 years of age) of said soldier were entitled to
As an inducement to those who might be per
suaded to enlist in the war then existing between
the United States and the Republic of Mexico, it was
on May 13, 1846, enacted " That the Volunteers who
may be received into the service of the United States
by virtue of the provisions of this act, and who shall,
be wounded or otherwise disabled in the service,
shall be entitled to all benefits which may be con
ferred on'' persons wounded in the service of the
By act of February 2, 18 IS, the widows of Revolu
tionary soldiers were granted special favors.
April 1, 1S64, the pensions of tho soldiers of the
Revolutionary war were increased.
February 18, 1867, the pensions of the widews of
the soldiers of the Revolutionary war were increased
to the same annual amount previously paid to the
Between the passage of the first pension law in
1806 and the commencement of the war of 1S61
there were various "acts" of minor importance
mostly in keeping with preceediug enactments.
On July 22, 1861, an act was passed "to authorize
the employment of volunteers to aid in enforcing
the laws and protecting public property," and it was
further enacted that "any volunteer who maybe re
ceived into the service of the United States under this
act, and who may be wounded or otherwise disabled
in the service, shall l)e entitled to the benefit which
have been or may be conferred on persons disabled
in the regular service, and the widow, if there be
one, and if not, the legal heirs of such as died or may
be killed in service, in addition to all arrears of pay
and allowance, shall receive the sum of one hundred
In order to " provide pensions to invalids in the
war of the rebellion and their relatives," &c, on
July 14, 1S62, it was enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the United States in
Congress assembled, "That if any officer, non
commissioned officer, musician, or private of the
army, including regulars, volunteers, and militia,
or any officer, warrant or petty officer, seaman, or
dinary seaman, flotillamau, marine clerk, landsman,
pilot, or other persons in the navy or marine corps
has been since the 4th of March, 1861, or shall here
after be disabled by reason of any wound received
or disease contracted while in the service of the
United States and in the line duty, he shall upon
making due proof of the fact, according to such
forms and regulations as are or may be provided by
or in pursuance of law, be placed upon the list of in
valid pensioners of the Unted States, and be entitled
to receive for the highest rate of disabilitv such
pensions as is hereafter provided in such cases, and
for an inferior disability an amount proportionate
to the highest disability." This act also provides
pensions for the widows and children of soldiers and
sailors "who have died since the 4th day of March,
1861, or who shall hereafter die by reason of any
wound received or disease contracted in the service
of the United States in said war." Provision was
also made for dependent parents, and also for de
pendent brothers and sisters under 16 years of age.
From the foregoing brief extract from the pension
laws of the United States it will be seeu that with
the exception of the Revolutionary war, when the
country was not able to pay its troops, much less
pensions, it has been the custom of the Government
at the commencement of a war to make a special
enactment providing pensions as an inducement to
aid in procuring enlistments in a service where limb
and life would be placed at risk, the Government
being conscious that the regular pay offered was less
than that offered to men in ordinary health in their
War is, to say the least, very unsafe business. The
soldier may not enter battle clothed in a coat of
mail ; nor can he wait to put on his gum shoes be
fore starting on his long and muddy march ; or hold
up an open umbrella to shelter his person from tho
cold and unwelcome rain. The result is that disease
and death make sad havoc in the ranks.
In the twenty -four battles of the Revolution
7,S33 Americans fell in battle. Iu the Mexican war
100,45 1 men we$e mustered into the service , of which
number 9,749 were discharged for disability, and the
number of those who were killed in battle and died
of disease amounted to 12,S96. Making more than
one-fifth of the entire number in said Avar.
During the war of the rebellion, according to the
report of the Adjutant-General, United States Army,
the number of enlisted men and commissioned of
ficers amounted to the grand total of 2,335,9 12. The
number of those who died in the service amounted
to 303,504. 74,707 men were discharged, disabled by
consumption, diarrhoea and dysentery, debility,
rheumatism, and heart disease. Of the vast num
ber of those who wore wounded or contracted dis
ease in the service, and who continued in the ser
vice until discharged, and who have since died,
and, we may add, who may yet die from said causes,
we can of course give no estimate.
During, and at the close of the late war, the Gov
ernment was hard pressed for money, and while
borrowing at a high rate of interest it increased its
war debt with great rapidity. Under these circum
stances many who were entitled to pensions, but who
had some means, declined to apply. Of those, not a
few continued to engage in their usual pursuits
until totally unable to work, and then, having ap
plied for a pension, found that sickness and doath
worked faster than tho Pension Department. Thoy
have gone to the " other shore," leaving their widows
and children behind to work up the claims.
To one who has applied for a pension and who
finds the annoying delay paused by the time con
sumed examining the military and hospital records,
and the sworn testimony of officers and comrades
and others, the statement that anyone not entitled
ever receives a pension seems difficult of belief.
As regards payment of pensions there can be no hon
orable withdrawal. They must be paid and that as
speedily as possible. Where the disability has ex
isted ever since the war, the pay should bo commen
surate with the length of time of tho disability.
The amount of money required to meet these obli
gations is a matter of minor importance. It is gen
erally admitted, that, under Providence, the loyal
soldiers and sailors in the late war made it possible
for the entire country to attain its present prosper
The active participants in that struggle are now
waiting patiently to see if the repeated promises of
the Government are to be kept ; if its " word to them
shall provo 'as good as its bonds.'" It is suggested
that pension-fund bonds, to a sufficient amount, be
issued, the proceeds of which shall be applied to the
immediate settlement of approved claims. Whether
this or some other plan be adopted to provide the
necessary amount, it is to be hoped that some method
will beat once devised for a speedy adjustment of
claims for pensions.
SOLDIERS' HOME PENSIONS.
Upon this subject Commissioner Dudley, in his re
port, says :
Much annoyanee and unpleasant friction has been
caused by the imperfect legislation upon the subject
of the payment of pensions of inmates of the Nation
al Military Home by the pension agents, to the treas
urer of said home.
The act of February 26, 1881, provides that such
payments shall be made upon the execution by
such treasurer of good and sufficient bonds to the
satisfaction of the board of managers.
The statute, making such inmates amenable to
the rules and regulations prescribed for the govern
ing of the army, is thought by many to be uncon
stitutional, and that such inmates cannot be consid
ered in the light of eulisted men, else the right to
pension ceases during such enlistment if the pay of
an enlisted man is received, to which if enlisted
they would be entitled, and consequently the prac
tice of summarily and voluntarily leaving such
home just previous to pension pay day, and declar
ing themselves no longer inmates has been frequently-
resorted to, greatly to the annoyance of the pen
sion agent and to the detriment of the discipline of
the Home, and consequent damage to the welfare of
It is to be hoped that Congress will thoroughly
inquire into this matter, and cure such defects of
legislation as permit this unpleasant friction, to the
end that there may be harmonious action between
the Pension Office, its agents, and the Home, and so
promote the well being of the defenders of the Na
tion intrusted to their care.
GRAND ARMY MATTERS.
A new Post, G. A. R., to be known as Gordon
Granger Post, No. 64, has been organized at Grinnell,
Iowa. The following officers were elected: J.H.Ham
lin, Commander ; G. B. Griswold, Senior Vice-Commander;
A. J. Preston, Junior Vice-Commander; J.
H. Hiller, Adjutant; G. M. Worthington, Surgeon;
J. H. Smith, Chaplain ; J. P. Park, Quartermaster ;
O. Osburn, Officer of the Day ; J. R. Matchet, Sergeant-Major
; J. B. Rouse, Quartermaster-Sergeant ;
F. Chase, Officer of the Guard.
A new Post, G. A. R., to be known as Harrison
Post, No. 231, has been established at Buffalo Mills,
Department of Pennsylvania. It was organized
with thirty-three charter members, with eight ap
plications for membership pending.
Mansfield Post, No. 54, of Palmyra, Neb., held a
pleasant Camp-fire recently, at which okc hundred
and twenty-five old veterans put in their appear
ance. Songs, incidents of army life, and a bountiful
supper made up the prominent features of the occasion.
A GOOD IDEA.
The Commander of the Grand Army of the Repub
lic, Department of Nebraska, has issued a circular
inviting sealed proposals from cities, towns, and vil
lages in that State desirous of securing the location
of the Soldier's Reunion for 1882.
The locality making the most advantageous prop
osition will be fixed upon as the place of meeting.
RETURN OF LETTERS TO WRITER.
Acting Postmaster-General Hatton has made the
following ruling : "The sender of any request matter,
subject to first-class rates (see section 456, P. L. & R. ), j
has the right to lengthen or shorten the time orgin- i
ally named on the envelope after which a letter, if i
not delivered, shall be returned to him, provided it i
IT J 7 A A L .7 J 1 J !
remain on uatvtrg t ; i, auu pu-,im.uHuia , been selectccl by thc (;nui(1 Anny of tlie Eepublic
SJHOUIU UUC.Y SUUU "VULU rtumuiu,), auu i,Limi ao f Tnn .,, e f 10 r P 111 Cft fill- nushllrtsfvr rtf W.-.W
directed, without additional charge for postage. The i n,.! it, w r wh ;.,n;fi,i i,; u.;i!i.,r,,
to accept the place if tendered him, but his friends
Visitors to the White House will not be allowed
in the future to enter the East Room except under
tho escort of an usher, as has always Ieen the cus
tom in visiting the other rooms on the first floor.
This rule is a very commendable one and wo hopo
to hear of its strict enforcement.
It is said that President Arthur will not entertain
at the White House this winter and there will not
be any fete occasions as past winters have witnessed
there. His sisters, Mrs. McElroy and Mrs. Morton,
and sister-in-law, Mrs. Arthur, will visit him during
It is rumored that Senator David Davis will bo
married shortly to a most attractive lady from Len
nox, Massachusetts. She is the sister of his first
wife, and if the report be truo, he is to be sincerely
General John T. Wilder, formerly of Indianapolis,
Indiana, whose gallant exploit at Mission Ridgo
with his mounted infantry won notice even on that
field, where every man was a hero, is in tho city.
He comes strongly endorsed by his Statespeople for
reappointment to the position of postmaster at Chat
tanooga, Tcnn., which office he now holds.
Among the distinguished foreigners now in tho
city is Count Andrassy of Austria. He proposes to
speud the gay season here, and then later " tour"
through the country.
Colonel William Roy, commander General Mower
Post, No. 1, G. A. R., at New Orleans, and commander
of the Boys in Blue of tho Department of Louisiana,
is in the city and an applicant for the United States
marshalship of that district. The Colonel haa al
ways been as bold and fearless a Republican jus ho
was a soldier in command of an Indiana regiment,
and is made of just the stuff for a United States
General Tom Browne, of Indiana, is being strongly
urged by his friends for the chairmanship of tho
Committee on Invalid Pensions. General Browno
was a gallant soldier, and has long been one of tho
most prominent figures in Indiana politics. Ho
would bring to that position a clear head, lino legal
ability, and great industry. It is currently reported
that he will get this committee.
The Post-Office savings bank bill will probably bo
considered Jit the present session of Congress. There
is very much to be said in its favor, and it is to bo
hoped Congress may order si trial to be made.
Colonel Brownlow has appointed Colonel William
Irving, of the Thirty-eigth Ohio Veteran Volunteers,
on the soldiers' roll. The Colonel served through
out the war, and lost his left leg and received two
flesh wounds in a desperate charge on the confeder
ate lines at Atlanta. He is now a citizen of Topeka,
Kan., and was recommended by the Kansas delega
tion. The bill extending the franking privilege to tho
widow of the late President Garfield w;is passed by
the Senate unanimously last week, being the first
bill passed by that body this session.
Forty-two men of the old crew of the frigate Tren
ton were transferred from the " Guard Ho," at New
York, to the Portsmouth, to come arouud to Wash
ington. It is a singular fact, as alleged by a mem
ber of the crew, that only three of the forty-two men
It is rumored that the young Iowa Stalwart, Act
ing Postmaster-Genend Hatton, is likely to become
Postmaster-Genertd in fact.
The United States steamer Despatch left tho
Washington Navy Yard on the 12th for St. Johns,
Porto Rico, with instructions to make a survey of
Samana Bay. She will return-in May.
The Secretary of State has made public the corre
spondence with Minister Hurlbut and Kilpatriek in
Peru and Chili under date of November 22, Both,
are somewhat sharply criticised upon their unau
thorized action, which has resulted in placing onr
relations with those rexmblies in such an unsatis
factory condition as to lequire the services of a spe
It is currently reported and believed that Postmaster-General
James will be superseded January
1st. Who his successor will be is not known, al
though some knowing ones intimate that First
Assistant Postmaster-Gen eral Hatton is the Presi
Guiteau has announced that he intends lecturing
when his trial is ended.
The Japanese government has decided to recall
Minister Yoshida, since his experience and abilities
can Be put to more profitable use in the conduct of
affairs at Yeddo. He has been in Washington as tho
representative of his government seven years, and
his friendliness will doubtless do much toward
strengthening the cordial relations existing between
the United States and Japan.
The President will, in a short time, accept the
resignation of Attorney-General MacYeiigh by nom
inating his successor.
The President ha accepted the resignation of As
sistant Secretary of The Tre.'isury Upton, to take
effect on the 31st instant.
Mr. Money, of Mississippi, will introduce a bill at
an early day providing for a postal savings bank.
The bill was drawn at the Post-Office Department,
and provides that the bank shall pay ji dividend of
two per cent., which shail be invested in United
States bonds for the benefit of the depositors.
Mr. William Simpson, of New Orleans, La., haa
sender of card matter i. e., letters which bear sim
ply the name and address of the sender, without a
request to return if not delivered (see section 457y,
has the right to name a time after which, if not de
livered, such matter shall be returned to him, pro
vided it remain on delivery at least three days, and post
masters should obey such written authority, and re
turn as directed, without additional charge for post
The following bills have been introduced iu the
By Mr. Call, (dem.) of Fla. Granting pensions to
soldiers of the Mexican war and to soldiers engaged
in the Creek, Seminole, and Blackhawk Indian wars.
(This is the bill which was reported favorably from
the Senate Committee on Pensions last sessiou.) Re
ferred to the Committee on Pensions.
By Mr. Davis, (dem.) of W. Va. Authorizing the
payment of prize money to the officers of the Far
ra gut fleet for the destruction of the enemy's ves
sels in April, 1862. Referred to the Committee on
WESTERN RIVER IMPROVEMENTS.
The bill introduced in the Senate by Mr. Vest for
the improvement of the Mississippi and Missouri
rivers provides for the expenditure of ten millions
of dollars under the direction of the Engineer Corps
of the Army, one-half of the amount upon tho Mis
sissippi aud the remainder upon the Missouri, in ac
cordance with plans already recommended by the
Mississippi River Commission. The bill also author
izes the Attorney-General to institute proper pro
ceedings in the United States Courts having juris
diction for the appropriation of land and material
necessary for the prosecution of the work, the land
and material so appropriated to be duly appraised
and paid for.
ESTIMATES FOR 1883.
The book of estimates of appropriations required
for the service of the Government for the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1883, has just been completed. The
following is a recjipitulation of its contents :
Department of Slate
Department of Agriculture....
Department of Justice
5,921 ,0Si $5,531,799
$340, 102,507 $293,207,722
will work hard for him all the same.
First Assistant Secretary of State Ilitt will shortly
resign his position, it is said.
General Philip H. Sheridan has forwarded to tho
Soldiers' Bazaar, at Boston, the sword lu carried on
his famous ride from "Winchester, twenty miles
away," to his struggling army at Cedar Creek, Octo
ber li), 1S63. It is the same sword Sheridan carried
at Appomattox, Five Forks, Winchester, Cold Har
bor, Chickumauga, Wilderness, and in over lorty
other battles and engagements during the war. It
will be on exhibition during the Soldiers' Bazaar,
and will be regarded as one of the most valuable
relics of the rebellion.
I Great frauds on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa
Fe Hailroad have just been discovered. They con
sist of a combination among boss section men, board
ing-house keepers, and others along the entire line,
by which fictitious names were carried on tho pay
roll. After the January thaw the Kearsarge, Com
mander George B. White, will make a cruise up
the Mississippi .River as far as her draft will admit,
stopping at all the principal towns en route, and
enlisting all youngsters who pass the iequired ex
amination. Ex-President and Mrs. Hayes will sail for Europo
in a fortnight and will be guests of Col. J. II. Pules
ton, M. P., while they stay in London.
Two of the most important star routes in Texas,
which were reduced last ,1 une from six trips per
week each way, were, on application of Congress
man Upson, of Texas, ordered to be restored to their
former service on the 1st of the month.
It is said in creditable circles, that Mr. J. Ban
croft Davis is to succeed Mr. Hitt, as First Assistant
Secretary of State. This will leave a vacancy on
the bench "of the Court of Claims, which the quid,
mines have "accorded to Seeretiiry Hunt.
The bill introduced by Mr. Calkins, of Indiana,
in the House on Tuesday, to equalize the bounties
of soldiers who served in the late war, is the old MR
togive$8.33V per month for each month of actual
service, deducting all bounties previously received
from the United States.
Hon. James 13. Angell, United States Minister to
China, has, with his family, started on the return
home via the Suez Canal and Europe. They ex
pect to reach Ann Arbor, Mich., in February or
March, and the Minister will resume his duties as
President of the University of Michigan with the
uext college year, commencing in October.