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FROM THE PACIFIC COAST.
SOME INTERESTING REMINISCENCES.
-3eff Davis's Governor of Nevada Generals Miller and
Hosecrans-Gallfornia Veterans The Soldiers'
Home and tlio Grand Army,
Correspondence of The National. Tuique.
Silt: During the stormy times of the civil war
thousands of men on the Pacific coast were ready
to shoulder arms for the preservation of the
Union, but the lack of an overland railroad
Tendered it inconvenient for the Government to
avail itself of these proffered services. There
"was also an aggressive rebel clement on this
coast that required watching. A plot to capture
the banking institutions of San Jose, in this
State, was formed by a party of Southern sym
pathizers, but was discovered in time, and the
would-be guerrillas were surprised in their
mountain camp and all of them killed or cap
tured. Still another conspiracy of a more daring
and comprehensive nature is said to have been
formed, having in view the capture of Virginia
Oity, in Nevada, and the seizure of all the gold
and silver there, as well as the great Bonanza
mines, which were then producing countless
millions of precious metals. I have been in
formed that General David S. Terry, of the con
federate army and of Broderick duel fame, once
visited Nevada in disguise during the war and
debated this important project with prominent
rebel sympathizers in the State, at the same time
-exhibiting his commission as Governor of Ne
vada, SIGNED BY JEFF. DAVIS.
A gentleman whose recent business it was to
make historical investigations among the pris
oners of Nevada has so stated to me, and as
-General Terry is now a resident of Californiavhe
will doubtless have no hesitancy in throwing au
thentic light on the subject For such reasons
.as this it would not have been very advisable
for the Government to have accepted many
troops from this State or coast. Loyal men were
-needed quite as badly here as at the front. Still,
a few troops were raised. One regiment did
some fighting in New Mexico or "Western Texas.
The battalion known as the First California
regiment became a portion of an eastern regi
ment, and fought at the bloody battle of Ball's
Bluff, where General Baker was killed. Captain
E. J. Jerome, of this city, was assistant adjutant
general of the command, and personally aided
in rescuing the body of his fallen commander
ftom the enemy. With such a slight military
showing, however, the Pacific coast now includes
in its population a strong martial element, the
number of veterans being roughly estimated at
20,000, half of whom reside in California. They
represent every loyal State in the Union. Among
them can be found officers or men of innumerable
eastern regiments. "When the war ended these
men gradually drifted to this coast, where they
have permanently settled, and many of them are
amoQg the most enterprising and influential citi
zens we have. San Francisco is represented in
GENERAL W. S. ROSECRANS,
well known to the country at large. His popu
larity in the Democratic party is very great.
Our most prominent United States Senator,
elected by the Republican party, is a soldier in
every sense of the word, and for the practical in
terest he shows in the welfare of his comrades
in arms deserves the sincerest encomiums. I
Tefer to General John F. Miller. He is no carpet
knight. Of the most respectable Virginia par
en tige, he was born in Indiana. At the out
break of the civil war he was a member of the
Indiana Senate, having studied and practiced
law with great success and attained much promi
nence for a man only thirty years of age. He
offered his services to Governor Morton aud was
immediately commissioned colonel of the Twenty
ninth Indiana infantry. He was soon advanced
to the command of a brigade in the Army of the
Cumberland, and served with distinction. His
courage was unquestioned, and was combined
with rare military skill. At the battle of Stone
River he was ordered to charge across that stream
and drive John C. Breckinridge from a strong
intrenched position. Placing himself at the front
of his brigade, he led the desperate charge in
person, routing the enemy and achieving a bril
liant triumph that had a vast influence on the
fortunes of that bloody conflict For thiR
daring exploit, in performing which he was se
verely wounded, he was complimented in general
orders and created a brigadier-general. After
much other severe service he led another auda
cious charge at Liberty Gap in June, 1863, driv
m , the enemy in panic and confusion, but again
p; ing the penalty of his brave devotion to duty.
a- the supreme moment of victory a musket
.. destroyed his left eye and lodged in the
. es of his forehead, where it remained for
r lve years, and was only finally extracted at
ib. peril of his life. At the battle of Nashville
.cimanded a division of troops, and for his
igi tal courage and efficiency was complimented
in general orders and brevetted a major-general.
U ihe close of the war he was offered high
'i.ik in the Regular Army, but declined, it
ad as a citizen of California has acquired great
v tilth in honorable commercial pursuits. Three
"TO CARE FOR HIM
times he has served as a irresidential elector,
and he was one of the most prominent mem
bers of the late constitutional convention of this
State. In Napa Valley, which is so lovely and
romantic that travelers have compared it to
the Vale of Cashmere, he owns a country-seat
that is widely noted for elegance and beauty.
It consists of a costly villa, eleven hundred
acres of rich land and every accompaniment of
refined rural life. He is also the possessor of
a residence at Washington city. It is gratifying
VETERANS OF THE LATE WAR
to see a lighting hero of the Union army prove so
fortunate in the race of life, especially one who
has invariably evinced sympathy for less fortunate
comrades. General Miller is yet in the prime of
life, erect, energetic, and with a brilliant future
before him. As a writer, orator, soldier, thinker,
and statesman, he is one of the foremost men of the
The Grand Army of the Republic is attaining
great influence for good in California. This
Grand Army Department includes California,
Arizona, Nevada, and Oregon.
The veterans of this coast are organizing in
every direction, realizing that it is every old
soldier's duty to rally to the colors of this noble
Order, and assist in carrying out its beneficent
aims. Not alone are there able-bodied veterans
among us; we have several hundred worn-out
comrades who badly need assistance. In the
poorhouses of California there are
ONE HUNDRED AND ELEVEN MEN
who defended the flag of our country in Mexico
or in the war of the 'rebellion. In the City and
County Hospital of San Francisco, there are
thirtv-one additional veterans. To rescue these
neglected heroes from the abodes of paupers, the
Veteran Home Association of California has been
organized. To Col. J. J. Lyou, of this city, who
commanded the Twenty-first Missouri infantry,
belongs the honor of originating the project. He
began urging the matter on the attention of his
comrades in January, 1877. For various substan
tial reasons delays occurred. Last December
action was taken by Lincoln and Thomas Posts,
of -this city. Last April the Veteran Home Asso
ciation was organized, Col. C. M. Kinne, Com
mander of the Department of California, being
chosen its president During the past month
comrades Roseerans, Coly, Tharp, Holmes, and
other martial spirits, aroused public opinion on
the subject, and up to date $15,000 have been
subscribed, of which amount $600 has been given
by Lincoln Post, of this city; $2,000 by Thomas
Post, of this city; $100 by Garfield Post, (newly
organized) : and $600 by Lyon Post, of Oakland.
There is not the slightest doubt but that the
Home will ultimately be built, but it will need
to cost $100,000 or $150,000. It is to be open to
every Pacific coast veteran. As nearly all of
SERVED IN EASTERN REGIMENTS,
and as every disabled veteran on the coast, from
Omaha westward, will naturally drift to this
State and claim a haven of rest, it is only reason
able and just that the United States Government
should make a liberal appropriation in our behalf.
We do not ask the Government to purchase and
maintain the Home, but it really ought to do so,
since every other loyal quarter of the Union has
aNational Soldiers' Home, and we cannot establish
a Home simply for veterans resident in California.
The crippled comrade who happens to be a citizen
of some other Pacific State or Territory could not
be refused admission to this California asylum,
no matter what stringent rules on the subject
might be suggested. We realize that we have
embarked in a greater enterprise than we at first
contemplated, and no doubt the matter will be
forcibly brought to the attention of Congress in
IT IS A KURNING SHAME,
and a disgrace to popular institutions, that
hundreds of the men who wrested this coast from
Mexico or assisted iu the suppression of the
rebellion, are now inmates of the poorhouses and
public hospitals of Oregon and California. Well
might the enemies of the Union sneer at the fact,
did not their own sense of justice and magna
nimity impel them to heartily approve of the
Veterans' Home movement.
Not desiring to prolong my article unreason
ably, I will briefly, but with intense feeling,
declare that the affairs of the United States
Pension Office should be administered with more
ability than has been the case for years. Great
delays and difficulties have been experienced by
FRIENDLESS, DESERVING SOLDIERS,
who have vainly applied for relief, and have
suffered extremely for want of it. To give
greater effect to my remarks I will explain that
I have never applied for a pension, and hope that
I will never be under the necessity of sa doing.
I speak for thousands of neglected comrades
whose claims on the United States Government
are as indisputable as a banker's check on his
own financial institution. Justice, not charity,
is the demand of our disabled comrades.
San Francisco, Dec. 1, 1881.
Clark Mills, the sculptor took a plaster cast of
Guiteau's head recently. Mr. Scoville had it
done, as he says, to sell to help pay the expenses
of the trial. His beard was also cut oft. It is
said the cast will be used by insanity experts.
WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE,. AND FOR HIS
D. C, SATURDAY, DECEMBEK 24, 1881. NEW"
NEWS FROM ilBROAD.
GLEANINGS FROM THE ATLANTIC CABLE.
The Monroe Doctrine in England (Seizure of Arms in
Ireland A False Prophet in' Egypt The
French Census Lost atSea, Ac.
London, December 17. ThefZYjnes in its lead
ing article this morning on Sir. Blaine's dis
patches, already quoted from, rter saying that
"the letter of the law is on the Me of England,"
continues as follows: "The country which seeks
to set it aside may fairly ask ;to propose some
equivalent. If international good faith is to
count for nothing, with what show of reason can
England be required to allowfthe highway be
tween two oceans to be placedtunder American
control, and in war and peacealike to be com
manded by American guns? Jlr. Blaine must
remember that freedom of passage between the
two oceans can in no possible fevent become an
exclusively American right. Tie whole world
has an interest in the maintenance of the free
use of great highways."
Dublin, December 18. Articles seized to-day
comprised eight hand grenades; two parcels of
dynamite, each parcel being in acase resembling
a box of rifle-cartridges, but larger, twenty-six
Enfield breach-loading rifles, six revolvers, five
thousand rifle cartridges, five hundred revolver
cartridges, and twenty-eight pounds of gunpow
der, with a list of names of officers belonging to
some organization. Two brothers named Whelan
and a man named Ryan were arrested.
Vienna, December 18. A correct list of the
victims of the King Theatre firefhas been issued
by the police. It gives the total number of
victims as 794, of whom the bodies of 144 have
been legally identified. .J
Cairo, December 19. Serious troubles have
broken out in the Soudan. A false prophet, with
fifteen hundred followers, has totally annihilated
Governor Fashoda's force of three hundred and
fifty Egyptians and killed the Governor.
Paris, December 19. A.cnsusof France was
taken yesterday. It is-eBtrnticexrao'38,500)00.'f
A dispatch from Algeria says: "It is reported
that 400 persons were drowned by the bursting
of the dam at Perregoux."
Eight Nihilists have beon arrested in St Peters
burg. The police seized a quantity of bombs
concealed in oranges.
The London Observer thinks that America is
only acting in regard to Panama as other nations
would act in her place.
An explosion has occurred in a colliery at
Bolton, England, by which forty lives are believed
to have been lost.
Marie, aged 13, the youngest daughter of the
Emperor of Austria, when asked what she desired
most as a Christmas present, said she would like
permission to adopt one of the children made
orphans by the Ring Theatre fire. Her request
brought tears to the eyes of all present and
greatly affected her father.
A London dispatch says: Captain Townshend,
of the British bark William J. Foley, from
Charlottetown, P. E. I., has arrived at Liverpool,
and reports that he met on the 6th inst a boat
containing the master and eighteen of the crew
of the Bath City, which had been abandoned on
the 3d inst. All hands had left the vessel in two
boats. One boat containing eight persons capsized
and four were drowned. Four in the other boat
died from exposure. Captain Ivey and one man
died after being rescued. The remainder of
the crew have been sent to the hospital badly
SOLDIERS' HOME BAZAAR.
The Fair being held in Boston to raise funds
for the Massachusetts Home for Disabled Union
ex-Soldiers and Sailors is proving a great success.
Contributions have been made from all parts of
the State, and also from other sections, of the
country, and it is to be hoped that enough money
may be raised to accomplish the objects for which
it is intended.
DEATH OF JOHN W. FORNEY.
Col. John W. Forney, one of the most noted
newspaper men in the United States, and editor
of Forney's Chronicle during the war, died in Phil
adelphia last Friday, at the age of 64.
Describing the affecting farewells to the dead
journalist just before the funeral, the Philadel
phia Record says : "Among those who were early
in taking their leave of the remains were Gen
eral Sickles, General E. B. Hart, and ex-Speaker
RandaU. General Sickles looked for some time
upon the face of the dead, and then, moving his
crutches, he bent over the casket, kissed the
pallid brow, and remarked in an undertone to
Mr. Randall, as he brushed away his tears : 'We
will soon be there, too, old fellow.' General
Hancock, who came in late, stood for some mo
ments at the head of the casket, his eyes suffused
The attention of the custom-house authorities
in Boston has been called to the fact that 1,771
cases of rifles were shipped on the steamer Iowa,
which cleared from this port on Thursday last
for Liverpool. On the manifest they appear as
"hardware." and as such were printed in the
published list of exports.
WIDOW AND ORPHANS.
RECEPTION TO GEN. KEIFER,
The reception tendered to General J. W. Keifer
by the Ohio Republican Association Friday night
drew out one of the largest crowds ever gathered
in the spacious hall of Masonic Temple. At eight
o'clock precisely General Keifer entered the hall,
escorted by Judge Lawrence, the president of the
association, and Representatives Butterworth and
Updegraff, and, while the band played "Hail to
the Chief," was conducted to the stand at the up
per end of the hall. The stage was occupied by
Senators Sherman, Logan, Pendleton, Ferry,
Saunders, and Beck; Representatives Robeson,
Dunnell, Orth, Cannon, Van Aernam, Heilman,
Burrows, Williams, Hooker, Young, Hiscock,
Reed, Butterworth, Updegraff, and ex-Speaker
Randall ; Governor and Mrs. Foster, Mrs. Senator
Logan, Mrs. Keifer, Mrs. Judge Lawrence, Mrs.
Stone of Chicago, Commissioner and Mrs. Mc
Farland, Colonel Bond of the Ohio State Journal,
and a host of other notables. The affair wa3 a
pleasant one throughout.
The London Standard of the 19th, in a leading
article on Mr. Blaine's dispatches, says: "Mr.
Blaine's dispatches on the Clayton-Bulwer treaty
is a stain on an honorable ambition which has
repeatedly induced Congress to uphold the prin
ciples of international law. Hitherto America
has never yet been faithless in what she promised,
and it is humiliating to such a nation to see its
Government adopting such arguments. Mr.
Blaine's allusion to the rightful claim of the
United States to priority on the American Conti
nent cannot be regarded as a serious proposition.
Every commercial State, Great Britain more than
all together, has rights and interests in the
Panama Canal the moment that it is opened for
The Telegraph calls the dispatch a spread-eagle
production, and says Earl Granville would
never be excused if he admitted Mr. Blaine's
The Post sees in Mr. Blaine's phrase, a clumsy
disguise, and a desire to convert the canal into
an American water-way, and says a conservative
government would- neve? lesd itself- to the
abrogation of the treaty, and the dispatch pre
sumes on the Liberals being in office.
The President on Tuesday sent in the name of
ex-Senator Howe, of Wisconsin, to be Postmaster-General,
and the nomination was at once
confirmed. Judge Howe is a Republican. For
seventeen years consecutively he served in the
Senate, and at the time of his appointment to
a Cabinet place was one of the Monetary Com
mission appointed by the late President Gar
fiald to confer with the Europeaa Powers at
Paris with a view to settling the standards of
gold and silver. He served as a prominent
member of the Judiciary Committee of the
Senate, and became conspicuous during the
days of reconstruction on the Johnson impeach
ment trial. It remains to be seen what kind
of a chief he will make for the Post-Office De
partment His long public life gives him un
doubted qualifications, but the bent of his
mind is judicial rather than business, and the
place he most desired to have, the Department
of Justice, is now filled by Brewster.
The President has also filled the vacancy on
the Supreme Bench created by the death of Jus
tice Clifford. He nominated Judge Horace Gray,
the well-known jurist of Massachusetts. Judge
Gray is about fifty-two years old and unmarried.
He graduated from Harvard college at the age of
sixteen years. He traveled extensively in Eu
rope, and afterward took a regular course in the
Harvard law school, and read law with the pres
ent Judge Lowell. He was admitted to the bar
in February, 1851. His first official position was
that of reporter of decisions of the supreme court
of Massachusetts, which he held from 1854 to
1861, when he resigned. He was appointed asso
ciate justice of the supreme court in 1864, and
gradually rose, until, upon the death of Justice
Chapman in 1873, he was appointed his successor.
In early manhood he attended, as a delegate, the
first State convention of the Freesoil party, and
was actively associated with Charles Sumner, C.
F. Adams, Henry Wilson, S. C. Phillips, J. G.
Palfrey, and other prominent men in that move
ment Mr. Theodore Mills, who took the cast of Gui
teau's head on Sunday last, says: The measure
ment of' the head showed that the circumference
was twenty-three and one-fourth inches, self
esteem six and one-half inches and firmness six
and one-fourth inches. In his examination of
the prisoner he found that the faculties on the
left side of the head appeared to be normal and
well developed, but the right side was almost
flat, as though diseased. The front of the head
was also found to be one inch shorter than be
hind, and he declared it altogether the mo3t cu
rious shaped head he has ever seen.
Among the bills introduced in the House of
Representatives last Monday, was one to place
the name of Ordnance Sergeant Robert Hunt on
the retired list. Sergeant Hunt enlisted in 1840,
served through the Mexican war and part of the
rebellion, and has been an ordnance sergeant
since 1863. He is now stationed at the Water
town Arsenal, Massachusetts.
SERIES VOL-1., N-19.
THE JEAMETTE FOUND.
WRECKED IN THE WILD NORTH SEA.
Escape of a Portion of the Crew Hopes for the Safety
of the Remainder A Long and Painful Jour
ney Assistance on the Way.
The Secretary of State received on Tuesday
afternoon the following telegram from the charge
fZ' affaires of the United States at St. Petersburg:
Secretary of State, Washington, D. C:
The Arctic steamer Jeannette was crushed in
the ice June 11 last, in north latitude 77 longi
tude 156 west The officers and crew embarked
in three boats, which were separated by wind
and fog. No. 3, with eleven men, Chief Engineer
George W. Melville commanding, reached the
mouth of the Lena River, Siberia, September 19.
Subsequently No. 1, with Captain DeLong, Dr.
Ambler, and twelve men, reached the Lena in a
pitiable condition. Prompt assistance sent. No.
2 not heard from.
Hoffman, St Petersburg.
In response to the above the following was at
Department of State,
Washington, Dec. 20, 1881.
Hoffman, Charge, St. Petersburg:
Tender hearty thanks of President to all
authorities or persons who have, in any way,
been instrumental in assisting unfortunate sur
vivors from Jeannette or furnished information
to this Government
Secretary of State.
DEATH OF DR. ISAAC I. HAYES.
Dr. Isaac I. Hayes, the Arctic explorer, died at
his home in New York city, on Saturday last,
aged forty-nine years. He was a native of
Chester, Pa., and graduated at the University of
Pennsylvania with the degree of Doctor of Medi
cine. In the same year he sailed with Dr. Kane,
in the brig Advance, on his famous voyage in
search of Sir John Franklin, and was surgeon of
the expedition- After his return, he deliverecLa
number of lectures on the polar regions, and in
July, 1860, he started on another voyage of Arctic
discovery. He reached latitude 81 deg. 37 min.,
and was then obliged to return on account of
having exhausted his supplies. In 1869 he
explored the southern coast of Greenland, in the
steamer Panther. He was a member of the New
York Legislature from 1875 to 1880.
CONFIRMATIONS BY THE SENATE.
The Senate in executive session has confirmed
the following nominations :
Timothy O. Howe, of Wisconsin, to be Postmaster-General.
Horace Gray, of Massachusetts, to be an Asso
ciate Justice of the Supreme Court.
Thomas C. Acton, Assistant United States
Treasurer at New York City.
William H. Trescott to be special envoy
extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to
the republics of Peru, Chili, and Bolivia.
SENATOR LOGAN CANED,
Last week fifteen or twenty Stalwart Hlinois
ans and Nebraskans called without warning at
Senator John A. Logan's residence on Twelfth
street and solemnly filed into the parlor, where
Mrs. Logan was entertaining some lady friends.
The Senator came in shortly, when General Geo.
H. Roberts, of Nebraska, arose, and in a very
happy little speech, presented, to Senator Logan
a cane made ironi the wood of the Constitution
as a slight token of the kindly feeling felt for
him by his Illinois and Nebraska friends. The
Senator was deeply affected, and responded, in a
feeling manner. A card attached to the cane
explained that,'" This cane of Brazilian Oak was
taken from the stern boat-davits of the United
States frigate Constitution by Captain P. Hitch
born, naval constructor, Philadelphia Navy
Yard." THE NEW ATTORNEY-GENERAL.
Benjamin Harris Brewster, successor of Wayne
MacVeagh, as Attorney -General, was born in
Salem county, N. J., October 13, 1816. His father
was a lawyer who took high rank at the Phil
adelphia bar. Mr. Brewster gradu atd at Prince
ton College, after which he studied law in Phila
delphia, where he was admitted to practice in
1838, and at once began to take a high position.
He was appointed by President Polk as a
commissioner to adjudicate the claims of the
Cherokee Indians against the United States, and
did the work well. Aside from this he has held
only one office, that of Attorney-General of
Pennsylvania, although twice he has come within
a few votes of nomination as United States Senator.
He is a gentleman of the old school, and is con
ceded to be one of the leading lawyers of the
country. He recently came into renewed promi
nence a3 counsel for the Government in the
prosecution of the Star-route cases.
Commissioner Bundy has dismissed the case of
Sullivan, a clerk in the Pension-Office Depart
ment, charged with using an official envelope for
private correspondence. He dismissed the case
on the ground of lack of jurisdiction. Sullivan
was at once arrested by Officer Revels, and being
taken to the Police Court entered into $1,000
bail J. H. Fletcher, surety.