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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, DECEMBER 24, 1881.
BY W. D. GALLAGHER.
Stand up-crcct ! Then hast the form
And likened of thy Gol !-who more?
A fcoul as dauntless 'mid the storm
Of daily lifo, a heart as warm
And pure as breast e'er bore.
"What then? Thou art as true a man
As moves the human mass among;
As much a pait of the great plan
Tliat with creation's dawn began,
As any of the throng.
"Who is thine enemy ? the high
In station, or in wealth the chief?
The great, who coldly pass thee by,
With proud step and averted eye?
Nay! nurse not such belief.
If true unto thyself thou wast,
What were the proud one's scorn to thee?
A feather, which thou mightest cast
Aside, as idly as the blast
The light leaf from the tree.
No; uncurbed passions low desires
Absence of noble self-respect
Death, in the breast's consuming fire,
To that high nature which aspires
Forever, till thus checked :
These are thine enemies thy worst ;
They chain thee to thy lowly lot
Thy labor and thy life accurst.
Oh, stand erect! and from them burst,
And longer suffer not !
Thou art thyself thine enemy!
The great! wkat ketter they than thou?
As theirs, is not thy will as free?
Has God with equal favors thee
Neglected to endow?
True, wealth thou hast not; 'tis but dust!
Nor place, uncertain as the wind!
But that thou hast which, with thy crust
And water, may despise the lust
Of both a noble mind.
With this, and passions under ban,
True faith, and holy trust in God,
Thou art the peer of any man.
Look up, then, that thy little span
Of life may be well tred !
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington, D. C.
Correspondence is solicited to this column. Commu
nications addressed to the Rural Department of The
National, Tribune, 615 Fifteenth Street, Washington,
D. C, will be appreciated.
TO PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY.
The conductor of Rural Topics is very desirous
that the publisher of The National Tribune
should be placed in possession of the address of
either the Master, Secretary, or Lecturer of each
and every Subordinate Grange, so that a copy of
the paper may be furnished for perusal by its
members. It is proposed to make the paper a
welcome visitor to the home of every member of
the Order, and the Rural Topics column will, if
possible, be kept up to the progressive plane of
other departments of the paper.
Pyrethkum as an Insecticide. The Per
sian insect powder, which has been for many
years used in destroying insects in dwellings, is
now becoming of great importance for the de
struction of most, if not all, insects which injure
the crops of the farm, orchard, and garden. It
is .expected to take the place of Paris-green and
London-purple, which are dangerous poisons to
all animal life, whereas the pyrethrum powder
is entirely harmless to vertebrate animals.
Persian insect powder consists of the powdered
flowers of Pyrethrum roseum,an herbaceous plant,
a native of the Caucasus Mountains. Of late
years another article called Dalmatian insect
powder has been introduced and found to be
equally effective, if, indeed, not more potent than
the Persian. This Dalmation article is the pow
dered blossoms of Pyrethrum cincrariie folium,
and is now cultivated to a considerable extent in
California, where the powder is manufactured
and sold under the name of "Buhach." This
powder is reputed as being of superior quality
to the imported article. The value of these
powders as insecticides is said to depend upon a
volatile oil, so that they deteriorate by long
standing or exposure. The California article can
be had comparatively fresh, so that its value is
not impaired by undergoing long transportation.
Professor C. Y. Iiiley. Kntomologist of the
United States Agricultural Department, lias
during the past three years experimented largely
with the powder on many species of injurious
insects, and he has recently published several
articles on its preparation and use, which we find
in the American Naturalist, and from which it is
proposed to make copious extracts from time to
time, being convinced that there are but few
subjects of more importance to the farmer and
gardener than that of the best method of destroy
ing the insects which injure their crops.
Professor liiley remarks that, while he fully
appreciates the value of the powder as a general
insecticide, he does not consider it a universal
remedy for all insects, as has sometimes been
stated. .No such universal remedy exists, and
pyrethrum has its disadvantages as has any
other insecticide now in use. The following are
its more serious disadvantages : 1. The action of
the powder, in whatever form it may be applied,
is not a permanent one in the open air. If it is
applied to a plant it immediately affects the
insects on that plant with which it comes in
contact, but it will prove perfectly harmless to all
insects which come on to the plant half an hour
(or even less) after the application. 2. The pow
der acts in the opon air unless, perhaps, applied
in very large quantities only upon actual con
tact with the insect. If it is applied to the uppei
side of a cotton leaf the worms that may be on
the under side are not affected by it. 3. It, has
no effect on insect eggs, nor on pupa; that are in
any way piotected or hardened.
These disadvantages render pyrethrum in some
respects inferior to arsenical poisons; but, on the
Oifcer hand, it has the one overshadowing ad
vantage that it Is perfectly harmless to plants or
to higher animals: and if the cultivation of the
plant m this country should prove a success, and
the price of the powder become low enough, the
above-mentioned disadvantages can l.p overcome
to a certain degree by copious and repeated ap
plications. In a closed room the effect of pyrelhrum ob
insects is by far more powerful than out-doors.
Different species of insects are differently affected
by the powder. Some resist its action most
effectually; of such are very hairy caterpillars,
and especially spiders of all kiuds; while others,
especially all hymenoptera, succumb most
readily. In no case are the insects killed in
stantly by pyrethrum ; they are rendered per
fectly helpless a few minutes after application,
but do not die till some time afterward, the
period ranging from several hours to two or even
three days, according to the species. Many
insects that have been treated with pyrethruin
show signs of intense paiu, while in others the
outward symptoms are much less marked. Dif
ferences in temperature and other meteorological
changes do not appear to have any influence on
the effect of pyrethrum.
The modes of application will be considered
in our next.
Keeping Lawns. There is nothing that dis
figures a lawn so much as the annual grasses
which invariably intrude during summer, es
pecially on lawns that are occasionally watered,
or in seasons of frequent rains; water and heat
give them such luxuriance that the finer grasses
are choked out of existence ; and as these sum
mer grasses are killed by the first frost, brown
patches make their appearance and the lawn pre
sents a thing of "shreds and patches'' instead of
the lively green so desirable when all the sur
rounding deciduous vegetation shows the "sere
and yellow leaf."
If these brown patches are removed by an iron
toothed rake, and the spaces thus left bare receive
a slight covering of an inch in depth of fine soil,
then sow somewhat thickly with blue grass seed,
(Poa praiensis,) aud smooth it with the roller, or
rake it lightly over, they will again become green
in due time.
To keep a lawn in permanently good condi
tion, it is necessary to top dress it with manure
at least each alternate year; a compost of well
rotted manure mixed with good surface soil is
the best application. This should be spread
evenly over the surface previous to hard freez
ing, breaking it up with a rake so that the finer
particles may disappear through the leaves ; per
haps there is no better mode of making a lawn
unsightly during winter than by covering it with
rough, strawy fresh manure.
MEDICAGO Sativa (Lucerne, Alfalfa, or Chili
Clover). This forage plant, orhiually from the
south of Europe, has been cultivated from time
immemorial, and to some extent in each of the
four-quarters of the globe. It succeeds in warm
climates where other popular forage plants can
not be successfully cultivated; hence its wide
dissemination and the high esteem in which it is
held in semi-tropical countries. It is a plant not
well adapted to take a place in modern systems
of rotative cropping, owing to the time it requires
to obtain its best maturity, which is not under
three years from the time of sowing, but as a com
pensation it can be maintained in permanent
utility for 15 or '20 years, if occasionally assisted
by surface manuring. It is particularly valuable
for eoiering sloping surfaces in fields that are
subject to washing or being cut by heavy rain
falls. Being a deep-rooting plant it holds on to
its position with great tenacity, and its tough
roots and thick growth of steins prevent the re
moval of soil from denudation by water.
It flourishes in greatest perfection in open,
fiiable, rich soils that admit the easy penetration
of its perpendicular roofs; but even on poor clayey
or gravelly surfaces it may be encouraged to grow
by mulching and covering with strawy manure
until the roots gain strength, and the' will ulti
mately reach downwards where they will be
measurably uninfluenced by ordinary dry sea
sons, and furnish green food for cattle when other
plants may fail.
It stalls into growth at a very early period in
spring, and yields pasturage in advance of the
usually cultivated grasses or clovers. It is most
valuable as a green forage plant, although it can
also be made into hay if cut immediately after it
commences to blossom; if cut earlier than this,
it will be soft and indifferent ; if much later,
hard and unpalatable, woody and innutritions.
AVhen properly managed it is a valuable aux
iliary in supplying food for live stock on the
Frosts axd Insects. It is generally con
sidered that a very severe winter is destructive
to insect life, and so it probably is to some extent
in the case of those who hibernate near the
j surface, but the greater number get down sufri-
ciently deep to be out of the reach of injury
from frost. Plowing or digging up the ground
in the fall has the effect of destroying many
iusect lame by bringing them to the surface,
where they are killed by the exposure. If closely
followed up and the ground turned over two or
three tirsfts during the winter, taking advantage
of such thaws as may occur, or even turning
over the frozen soil with picks or crowbars, very
little insect lite will be leit. Ot course such a
proceeding would only be advisable in special
cases. For instance, we have known an orchard
of plum-trees which were relieved of thecurculio
by a frequent turning of the soil below and
around the trees during winter, a dressing of salt
having been applied to the surface after each
All kinds of snails, slugs, wire-worms, borers,
and larvae will suffer under such treatment; and
if no other benefit should be derived, the labor
involved will be amply compensated by the in
creased fertility of the soil thus aerated and
Celkry Growing in Michigan. The Ga
zette, at Kalamazoo, thus describes the culture
practiced by the grow ers there :
Not alone from the iucre;ised area will there
be a larger quantity of celery in after years, but
there is being more raised from the same land
each year, as the gardeners become proficient in
raising it, for it is comparatively a new industry
for Kalamazoo. Instead of the rows being five
or six feat apart, as ihe books advise, they are
raising it successfully three feet apart., aud in
stead of five and six inches apart in the rows, it
ih raided half that distance, and as close as one's
lingers for the last or winter crop, so double the
crop is raised from the same land.
Gardeners who have read books on celery rais
ing say Kalamazoo men can teach the authors
their A B C's in that business. Peter Hender
son, the great New York gardener, advises to
store it for winter by packing in shallow trenches,
covering with lumber, marsh hay, ecc. J. TV.
Wilson estimates that it would cost him $:00 for
lumber to secure his crop in that manner. The
winter crop is now being harvested. The Kala
mazoo way is to dig about two feet below the
surface; then board up about two feet above;
then on a frame six feet high, 12 foot boards meet
and slant down the sides, with windows, all of
which is banked and covered with manure. They
are usually built 24 feet wide, and 40, 75 or 100
feet long. W the building is 50 feet long it will
hold 50,000 celery ; 100 feet long, 100,000, etc.
It is built on upland, if possible, for marsh is too
damp and cold. "When first put in the houses it
is green, but bleaches in a few weeks. They pack
as close as it will stand, putting boards every
few feet to prevent heating and rotting. People
can keep their own celery as well as apples or
potatoes, by putting some marsh soil in the bot
tom of a barrel, packing the celery, root down,
not sideways, and keeping where it will not
freeze. It is desirable to keep it growing. The
sprouts may run over the top of the barrel but
will be no disadvantage. Put in green, and
it will bleach, and you can wash, trim, as you
wisn tor tne table. Une ol tne most annoying
jobs in the business is the tying in half-dozen
bunches. The long-felt want is for some Yankee
to invent a self-binder.
Education. Every parent must have re
marked the pleasure which children take in the
acquisition of a brood of chickens. The keeping
of these domestic birds calls forth one of the fac
ulties of the young which demands cultivation.
The same desire which prompts to observing the
new brood, if carried onwards, would make them
naturalists aud accurate observers of insects and
birds. One of the most valuable mental acquire
ments is the power of discriminating among
things which differ in many minute points, but
whose general similarity of appearance usually
deceives the common mind into a belief of their
identity. The study of insects, in this point of
view, is most peculiarly adapted to youth. In
this study the knowledge of things should go
along with that of words. If names perish, says
Linmeus, the knowledge of things perishes also.
To name a plant, or an insect, or a bird, or a
quadruped rightly, is one step towards an accur
ate knoweldge of it, though it is not the knowl
edge itself. It is the means, and not the end, in
natural history as in every other science.
Darwin on Earth-Worms. ""Worms pre
pare the ground in an excellent manner for the
growth of fibrous-rooted plants and for seedlings
of all kinds. They periodically expose the mould
to the air, and sift it so that no stones lamer
than the particles which they can swallow are
left in it. Thev mingle the whole intimafelv
together, like a gardener who prepares fine soil
for his choicest plants. In this state it is well
fitted to retain moisture and to absorb all solu
able substances, as well as for the process of nitri
fication. The bones of dead animals, the harder
parts of insects, the shells of land -molluscs,
leaves, twigs, &c, are before long all buried be
neath the accumulated castings of worms, and
are thus brought in a more or less decayed state
within reach of the roots of plants. Worms
likewise drag an infinite number of dead leaves
and other parts of plants into their burrows,
partly for the sake of plugging them up and
partly as food.
"The leaves which are dragged into the bur
rows as food, after being torn into the finest
shreds, partially digested, and saturated with
the intestinal and urinary secretions, are com
mingled with much earth. This earth forms the
dark-colored, rich humus which almost every
where covers the surface of the land with a fairly
well-defined layer or mantle. Von Hensen placed
two worms in a vessel IS inches in diameter,
which was filled with sand, on which fallen leaves
were strewed, and these were soon dragged into
tneir ourrows to a tteptn ot 6 inches. After about
six weeks an almost uniform layer of sand 4
inches in thickness, was converted into humus
by having passed through the alimentary canals
of these two worms. It is believed by some per
sons that worm-burrows, which often penetrate
the ground almost perpendicularly to a depth of 5
or 6 feet, materially aid iu its drainage, notwith
standing that the viscid castings piled over the
mouths of the burrows prevent or check the rain
water from directly entering. They allow the
air to penetrate deeply into the ground. They
also greatly facilitate the downward passage of
roots of moderate size ; and these will be nourished
by the humus with which the burrows are lined.
Many seeds owe their germination to having been
covered by castings; and others, buried to a con
siderable depth beneath accumulated costings, lie
dormant, until at some future time they are ac
cidentally uncovered and germinate.
"Worms are poorly provided with sense
organs, for they cannot be said to see, although
they can just distinguish between light and
darkness; they are completely deaf, and have
only a feeble power ot smell ; the sense of touch
alone is well developed. They can therefore
learn little of the outside world, and it is surpris
ing that they should exhibit some skill in lining
their burrows with their castings and with leaves
and in the case of some species in piling up their
castings into tower-like constructions. But it is
far more surprising that they should apparently
exhibit some degree of intelligence instead of a
mere blind instinctive impulse, in their manner
of plugging up the mouths of their burrows.
They act in nearly the same Avay as would a
man who had to close a cylindrical tube with
different kinds of leaves, petioles, triangles of
paper, &c, for they commonly seize such objec's
by their pointed ends. But with thin objects a
certain number are drawn in by their broader
ends. They do not act in the same unvarying
manner in all cases, as do most of the lower ani
mals; for instauce, they do not drag in leaves by
their footstalks, unless the basal part of the blade
is its narrow as the apex, or narrower than it is.
" When we behold a wide, turf-covered ex
panse, we should remember that its smoothness,
on which so much of its beauty depends, is mainly
due to all the inequalities having been slowly
leveled by worms. It is a marvelous reflection
that the whole of the superficial mould over any
such expanse has passed, and will again pass,
every few years, through the bodies of worms.
The plough is one of the most ancient and most
valuable of man's inventions; but long before he
existed the land was in fact regularly ploughed,
and still continues to be thus ploughed by earth
worms. It may be doubted whether there are
many other animals which have played so im
portant a part in the history of the world as has
these lowly organized creatures. Some other ani
mals, however, still more lowly organized, namely
corals, have done far more conspicuous work in
having constructed innumerable reefs and islands
in the great oceans; but these are almost confined
to the tropical zones."
Good Luck. It is astonishing how deep
rooted superstitions are. They are as hard to
weed out as Canada thistles. The delusion of
lucky days is by no means confined to sailors.
Many will not begin any important work on
Friday; and many there are who quietly observe
these superstitions who are ashamed to own it.
This, indeed, is the most hopeful sign about it.
A farmer in Our presence lately observed, " I have
been farming fifteen years in Indiana and have
never failed in producing a good com crop."
"You have been very lucky," said his neighbor.
"Not at all," replied the first. "Good soil, good
seed properly planted, and good cultivation se
cures a good corn crop luck has nothing to do
with it. Providence is not unjust. He helps
those who help themselves best." Indiana Farmer.
Exhaustion of the Soil. This expression
in the language of practice has a relative mean
ing, and signifies a reduction of producing power
below the point of remuneration. A soil is said
to be exhausted when the cost of cropping is more
tlian the crops are worth. In this sense the idea
is very indefinite, since a soil may refuse to grow
one crop, and yet may give good returns of an
other, and because a crop that remunerates in
the vicinity of active demand for it, may be
worthless at a little distance, on account of the
difficulties of transportation. The speedy and
absolute exhaustion of a soil once fertile, that
has been so much discussed by speculative wri
ters, is found in their writings only, and does not
exist in agriculture. A soil may be cropped be
low the point of remuneration, but the sterility
thus induced is of a kind that easily yields to
rest or other meliorating agencies, and is far from
resembling in its permanence that which depends
upon original poverty of constitution. Prof. S.
The Spirit of the Grange. The following
sentences are from an address by the secretary of
the Virginia State Grange :
"It is my purpose to show why I think the
principles of the Grange are indestructible, and
thereby present some reasons why farmers who
are not members should unite with us, and why
those who are members should be true Patrons.
"The principles of the Grange are indestruct
ible because they are the very essence of a high
moral and patriotic sentiment. Everywhere in
the Grange one is met with the unfeigned recogni
tion and acknowledgment of Deity. Our Manual
points to the worship of God. The Grange can
not die, because the principles on which it is
founded are indestructible. The Order is based
on the goodness of God faith in the richness and
certainty of the Divine promise, that harvest shall
surely follow seed-time. It is with an abiding
faith in the purity of our purposes that we are
patiently and trustfully planting the seed which
in due time will bring forth the fruit : On earth
peace, goodwill toward men.' "
Clean Orchards for Winter. The soil for
some distance from the stems of orchard trees
should be clean and pulverized previous to the
snows of winter; otherwise, in many localities,
much injury may be done by mice eating the
bark. These animals find a comfortable shelter
and cover for their depredations in the rough
grass and decaying stems of weeds, and they are
rarely troublesome where the ground is made
clean and smooth.
Reasoning Timber. The hest method of
seasoning timber is to cut the tree at anv time
between the end of October and the end of March,
and. if pine wood, to raise the log or tree on cross
pieces about one foot above the ground. Laid in
this manner for two years, then sawed into boards
and piled in an airy shed for one year, it will be
fit ior the carpenter. For hard-wooded trees,
they should be girdled by removing bark and
wood to the depth of two inches at the point
where they are to be cut and felled. Let this be
done in the fall, twelve mouths before felling;
by this time they will have lost two-fifths of
their weight, and be fit for sawing up at once.
This is an economical mode of securing timber
for immediate use, and a great saving in the uost
of transportation, losing as it will two-fifths of its
weight in drying before being cut.
The Best Time to Cut Timber. It is main
tained that the fall of the year is the best time to
fell timber, because at that period there is the
least sap in the tree, and it is well known that
moisture is a principal cause of decay ; therefore
it seems evident that when timber is cut at the
time when vegetation is least active, and the
trees naturally most free of moisture, it will be
in the best state for preservation. The foliage of
trees is the medium through which they are
mainly relieved of their sap ; the leaves are con
tinually exhaling moisture, more or less, which
is drawn from the sap-vessels of the plant. In
the early part of the season, when growth is most
active, the roots suck moisture from the soil,
which is impelled or drawn through the trunk
and branches by the leaves, and is exhaled by
them, or extracted by evaporation. As the sun
becomes more powerful, and the water in the soil
less copious, growth is less vigorous, and the sup
ply of water through the roots is not so abundant,
but the leaves are still at work extracting moist
ure, until there is no longer any supply, the wood
becomes hard and solid and the leaves perish.
The tree is then naturally most destitute of
water, and timber felled at that time will obvi
ously be more durable, if this reasoning is correct,
than if cut at any other period of the year.
This Claim House Estab
lished in 1865!
GEORGE E. LEMON,
Atto r n ey-at-Law,
OFFICES, 015 Fifteenth St., (Citizens' National Ban,)
WASHINGTON, D. C.
P. O. Drawer 325.
If wounded, injured, or have contracted any disease,
however slight the disability, apply at nce. Thousands
"Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fathers,
and minor brothers and sisters, iii the order named, are
War of 1812.
All surviving officers and soldiers of this war, whetiwx
in the Military or Naval service of the United States, wfc
served fourteen (14) days; or, if in a battle or skirmish,
for a less period, and the widows of such who have no&
remarried, arc entitled to a pension of eight dollars a
month. Proof of loyalty is no longer required in these
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than formerly, a3
many are now entitled to a higher rate than they receive.
From and after January, 18S1, 1 shall make no charges
for my services in claims for increase of pension, where n
new disability is alleged, unless successful in procuring
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped from, tfc
pension roll, or whose names have been stricken there
from by reason of failure to draw their pension for a pe
riod of three years, or by reason of re-enlistment, msy
have their pensions renewed by corresponding with ibis
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in auotlrea
is not a bar to pension in cases where the wound, disease,
or injury was incurred while in the service of the United
States, and in the line of duty.
Survivors of all wars from 1790, to March 3, 1855, awl
certain heirs are entitled to one hundred and sixty scves
ot land, if not already received. Soldiers of the h4e ty&c
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest mae
kel rates, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War.
Uation money promptly collected.
Amounts c'ue collected without unnecessary delay.
Mich claims .annct be collected without the furlough.
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims o; this character promptly attended to. Maay
claims of txiis character have been erroneously rejected.
Correspondence in Mice cases is respectfully invited.
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in States
not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special attention!
provided they were tiled before January 1, 1SSO. If noi
tiled prior to that date they are barred by statute of limi
tation. In addition to the above we prosecute Military ani
Naval claims of every description, procure Patents.Trade
Marks, Copyrights, attend to business before the General
Land Office and other Bureaus of the Interior Depart
ment, and all the Departments of the Government.
"We invite correspondence from all interested, assuring
them of the utmost promptitude, energy, and thorough
ness in all matters intrusted to our hands.
GEORGE E. LEMON.
As this may reach the hands of some persona ucsfr
quainted with this House, we aunend hereto, as sraef-
mens of the testimonials in our possession, copies of fet
ters from several gentlemen of Political and Military
distinction, and widely known throughout the Uniieg
Belvidere, Tix., October 24, 1S75.
T take great pleasure in recommending Captain Geossx
E. Lemon, now of 'Washington, D. C, to all persons "wfea
may have claims to settle or other business to prosectrf
before the Departments at "Washington. I know himta
be thoroughly qualified, well acquainted with the IslXhS,
and with Department rules in all matters growing coi
of the late war, especially in the Paymaster's and Quar
termaster's Oflices. I have had occasion to employ him.
for friends of mine, also, in the soliciting of Patents, ss&
have found him very active, well-informed and success
ful. As a gallant oflicer during the war, and an hon
orable and successful practitioner, I recommend bias.
strongly to all who mav need his services.
S. A. IIURLBUT, M. C.,
Fourth Congressional District, Illinois.
Late Major-General, U. S. Fc&.
Citizens' National Bank,
"Washington, D. C, January 17, 1ST?.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and agent for &
collection of war claims at "Washington city is a thor
ough, able, and exceedingly well-informed man of busi
ness, of high character, and entirely responsible. I be
lieve that the interests of all having war claims re
adjustment cannot be confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CRESWELL,
W. F. ROACH,
House ok Representatives,
Washington, D. C, March , 1875.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain Geoh7S
E, Lemon of this city, 1 cheerfully commend him as a
gentleman of integrity and worth, and well qualified s
attend to the collection of Bounty and other claisflf
against the Government. His experience in that liac
give him superior advantages.
"W. P. SPRAGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohi.
JAP. D. STRA"WBRIDGE, M. C,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
HorsK op Representatives,
,,r Washington, D. C, March 1, 1S7S.
W e, the undersigned, having an acquaintance wit
Captain George E. Lemon for the past few vears, and
knowledge of the systematic manner in which he con
ducts his extensive business anjLof his reliabilitv for fair
and honorable dealings connected therewith, cheerfully
commend him to claimants generallv.
A. V. RICE, 'CAafrnian,
Committee on Invalid Pensions. House Sept.
w. p. slemons. m. a,
Seeond District of Ark.
W. P. LYNDE, M. C
Fourth District of Wis.
11. W. TOWNSHEND, M. C,
Nineteenth District oflQ.
ft? Any person desiring information as to my stand
ing and responsibility will, on request, be furnished wish
a satisfactory reference in his vicinity -or Congressional
George E. Lemon, Att'yatLaw,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Send sketch or model for Preliminary Examination
and Opiinon as to Patentability, for -which No Chargs
is made. If reported patentable, no charge for servicea
UnleijK Successful. Send for Pamphlet of fustrucJicEe.
KSTATVMSKED IN 1865.