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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, DECEMBER 31, 1881.
In the Senate of the United States, December 20,
1SS1, Mr. Blair, of New Hampshire, asked, and by
unanimous consent, obtained leave to bring m the
following bill; which was read twice and referred
to the Committee on Pensions.
A. bill to protect pension money from attachment
and lew or seizure nuder process of law, and the
amount of the same money when invested in a
J3c it enacted, &, That no sum of money due or to
become due to any pensioner, or in possession of the
pensioner, shall be liable to attachment, levy, or
seizure by or under any legal or equitable process
whatever, whether the same remains with the Pen
sion Office or any officer or agent thereof, or is in
course of transmission to the pensioner entitled
thereto, nor shall the same be so liable when invest
ed in a. homestead for the pensioner or his family;
but 211 such money, and the amount of the same
when so invested, shall inure wholly to the benefit
of the pensioner and his family during his lifetime,
and to his widow and minor children after his decease.
The Bridgeport (Conn.) Farmer says: Mr. Henry
M. Capper, of Darien, a former reporter for this
paper, is the author of a simple and yet very effect
ive device for the use of one-legged persons who are
unable, from any cause, to wear an artificial limb.
The arrangement was born of his own necessities.
A wound received in the war made necessary the
amputation of one of his legs more than halfway
above the knee. A n artificial limb was fitted to the
stump, but subsequently it bad to be discarded, on
account of the formation of a tumor on the stump.
Then Mr. Capper used a crutch to get around with,
but recently this also had to be abandoned, on ac
count of a "partial paralysis of the muscles of the
shoulder, resulting from its use. This left him
practically helpless until he originated an entirely
new substitute for the natural limb, in the shape of
a platform, on which he sits and which is supported
by a staff. The stump of the leg is brought forward
out of the way, and does not bear any part of the
pressure. This platform part of the arrangements
may be described as affording the same sort of a
support as would be derived by the person sitting
partly on a table with the other foot resting on the
floor. Mr. Capper says it is much more comfortable
and serviceable than the usual style of artificial
limb, and this seems quite probable. He is anxious
that any erson similarly afilicted may have the
benefit of this invention, and called upon Depart
ment Commander Beers to see what could be done
about bringing it to the attention of crippled mem
bers of the Grand Army.
Commander Beers, Department of Connecticut.
G. A. 11.. in sending the foregoing and requesting its
publication, commends the device, which he has
seen, highly, and closes by saying:
"To the above we are authorized to add, that Mr.
Capper, who was a member of the Tenth Connecticut
Volunteers, docs not intend to get his device patented
but desires every soldier who was crippled as he is
to have the benefit of his invention, and to that end
will send to any person who will enclose a stamp for
a reply, directions to enable him to have the device
manufactured at his own home. Mr. Capper is not
a manufacturer or dealer in limbs, and asks no
compensation. He will reap a sufficient reward if
he is able, in any way. to assist or relieve his com
rades in arms from suffering or distress. His address
is Box 43, Darien, Connecticut.
A PENSION NOT A GRATUITY.
In the 45th Congress, 2d session, Hon. Goldsmith
W. Hewitt, of Alabama, from the Committee on In
valid Pensions, in Report No. 64, used the following
The pensions of soldiers disabled in the line of
duty are in no sense a gratuity, but are supported
by contract made by the Government with them at
the date of their enlistment, that if disabled they
should have a pension. The consideration is the
service and blood of the soldier. The parties were
competent to contract. The subject-matter of the
contract was neither in contravention of law nor of
public policy, but was expressly authorized by law
and promotive of the public good. It has every in
gredient of a contract, as defined by all the law
books. The pension was predicated on the sole con
dition of the soldier s disability in the line of duty,
and upon the happening of which condition the en
gagement of the Government became a perfect vest
ed richt. and was the property of the soldier as
mucli as any Dona wmen ne may nave iieiu oa me
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have owned. This view of the nature of an invalid
pension is supported by the opinion of that great
and learned lawyer William Wirt. When Attorney -General,
in lt25, in speaking ef an invalid pension,
"It i bottomed only on the single condition that
the husband and father shall die in the service of
his country, on the happening of which condition
the public engagement becomes a debt which is as
much property of the Avidow and children as any
bond which the deceased may have left them by his
Lipphieott's Maqazhie for Januarv opens with an I
ticle on Seville; by S. P. Scott, which is historical ,
well as descriptive, and beautifully illustrated, j
Animal pets are the subject of a delightful and char
acteristic paper by Dr. Felix L. Oswald. Edward
C. Bruce writes about ''Railway Stations," and
Richard T. Fay discusses "Our Common Schools."
"Decoration under Difficulties," by Helen Campbell,
and "A trip to Tophet." are lively sketches, the for- !
mer describing the establishment of a home in a f
Western Territory, and the latter a visit to a feilver !
The number is strong in fiction.
e new serial, which is to run through six
s. opens in a very promising way, with
neof rimrarters and incidents that have
abundance of characters and incidents that have a
racv and original flavor. "A Comedy of Errois,'
"Hazel," and "The Bank Secret," are all good
stories. There are several pleasing poems in the
number. Among the matter in tile "Gossip" it a
critical notice of the Art Exhibitions now open in
Philadelphia. The last page of the number con
tains six illustrations apropos of "The Collecting
Mania." This number, commencing the new year
and a new volume, is the one most suitable with
which to begin a years' subscription.
Wide Aivake for January is certainly a holiday
: illustrations are simply magnificent, and as
le reading matter, no better selection could
have been made.
Edward Everett Hale opens the feast of good
things viith a story, "Asaph Sh cafe's Christmas,'
which is followed by more than a score of interest
ing stories, sketches, and poems, among which we
find "Their (Tub and Ours," the opening chapters
of which are calculated to please everybody who is
or hts ever been a boy: 'A Father Lost," and
Oueer Home Cmnanv." There are no less than
seven Christinas poems finely illustrated, and for
lurtlier imormauon we nuvise an 001 u-iuci. iu
subscribe for the magazine.
D. Lothrop & Co., Publishers, Boston, Mas.
The January number of the Century J'iii'itiie.
(late Scribner'.) is, if any thing, superior to the l)e
cember issue, both as regards subject-matter and
illustrations. It is pleasing and instructive through
out. Mary Hallock Foote contributes a paper on "A
Provincial Capital of Mexico,' finely illustrated by
herself: which is followed by an article upon "The
Revival of Burano Lace:' "Through One Admin
istration "' (continued), by Mrs. Burnett; "The
Caverns of Luray." "Oriental and Greek Sculp
ture:" "From Mentor to Elberon,' by Colonel A. F.
Rockwell : besides a multitude of other equally in
teresting sketches, stories, and poems, each one of
which is well worthy of perusal.
The Century Company, Publishers. New York
The Nebraska woman suffragists claim eighty of
the ninety-four newspapers of that State as their
General Sherman, who has just returned from a
visit to the training school at Fort Leavenworth.
Kansas, praises its management very highly, and
says it cannot help but prove a benefit to the army
of tho future.
Hon. William G. Le Due, late Commissioner of
Agriculture, has been elected member of the Na
tional Society of Agriculture of France. M. Eu
gene Tisseraud,the Fiench Director of Agriculture,
announcing the fact, says : " I am happy to have
this occasion to show the esteemed late Commis
sioner the high consideration of the Freneh Acad
emy of Agriculture for his great services."
Hon. William M. Springer, of Illinois, has taken
house 112 East Capitol street, where, with his
family, he will reside for the session. Mr. Springer
remained in Washington during the holiday recess
On the letters to Representatives that pass through
the House post-office the postmaster says the daily
avcrasre of postage due amounts to $5. This is
caused by the abolition of the franking privilege,
so far as private mail is concerned. Members
growl and pay, and the Post-Office revenues are
enriched that much.
The United States steamer Adams has been
ordered to Sitka to relieve the Wachusetts. The
Adams is now at Callao, but is expected to reach
Sitka about April.
Colonel Riley, of Virginia, consul to Zanzibar
under General Grant, rescued the little daughter
of Colonel Preston, of the English army, from
drowning in the Indian Ocean. He has received
information of Colonel Preston's death a few days
ago. Colonel Preston left him 5,000 in his will.
Fortune always smiles upon the brave and true.
The Boston authorities have agreed to establish
one hundred electric lights, and construct lines of
pipes in the city for telegraphic and telephonic pur
poses. A fire occured at Duraud, Pepin County, Wiscon
sin, Sunday afternoon, the entire town, with the
exception of three build ings, being destroyed. There
were in all twenty-four buildings in the village.
The loss is now estimated at $25,000, on which there
was a small insurance. A high wind prevailed at
the time, and the village was swept away in a very
short time. The fire was caused by a defective flue
in the Ecker house.
We should rather incline to the belief that the fire
was simply a manifestation of mob violence. It was
certainly acting without restraint.
The grand jurv of the Court of General Sessions
in the city of New York have made a presentment
in court deprecating tho running of stages and street
cars without a conductor, and advising the taking of
some action to compel the car companies to have a
conductor on each car, in addition tothe driver.
Senator Sherman has offered to give ten acres of
land in Mansfield, Ohio, or forty acres about a mile
out of the town, as a site for the Wittenberg College,
if the trustees will remove it there.
Ex-Senator Thurman was looking at his boxes in
which his private books and paper. had been packed
in his old committee room. He saw that the letter
ing on the boxes was " How. A. G. Thurman. Keep
dry.'' Turning to a friend he said. "Who the
deuce would ever think of giving me such advice
Judge Gray is the sixth Justice appointed to the
Supreme Court of the United States from Massachu
setts, his predecessors being William Cushing, Levi
Lincoln. John Qumcy Adams. Joseph Story, and B.
R. Curtis. Judges Lincoln and Adams, however,
declined their appointments.
The Senate sub -committee having in charge the
investigation of the alleged crookedness in the ex
penditures of the Treasury contingent fund, under
the management of Mr. Pitney, are still busily at
Ex-Supervising Architect Mullett has filed an ap
plication for the position of Superintendent of the
Federal buildings now in course of construction,
and is understood to have the support of General
Grant for the position.
The Navy Department has received the report of
the board of survey concerning the damages sus
tained by the flagship Tenncsee from the collision
with the stenner Western Texas in New York har
bor, last Thursday. The board find that all the
blame for the collision belongs to the Western Texas,
as the Tennessee was lying at anchor and had all
her proper night signals displayed, in accordance
with the law and regulation.. The board also re-
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port that k will rPquire flve or six weeks to repair
the Tennessee s damage, at an estimated cost of
The Tombstone (Arizona) Epitaph has just re
J ceived news from Campas, Soiiora, of the murder of
j two Mexicans by a roving baud of Indians. After
committing the murder the Indians started for the
mountains, and at last accounts had not been cap
tured. Later news is to the effect that the same
! band had murdered seven more men between Tepa
! che and San Laripa. It is thought the latter were
I employees of the Chicago Mining Company, as they
j are working near where the Indians are supposed to
have passed. 1 lie settlers m that section are greatly
excited over these murders.
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JTrA 6vW SShabSS'SkS
The steamer Eureka, which has arrived at Port
out of the mines during the present season,
The United States grand jury sitting at Omaha,
Neb., has indicted August Arndt for threatening
Judge Dundy's life. The same party, Arndt. is also
suspected of having been the murderer of Colonel
Smith, clerk of the United States court of the same
Frederick Laner. the well-known hrewr-r nf JiwA.
ing, Pa., has failed.
Liabilities, $300,000; assets
near Green Bay, and is sai
e lias a very line larm
said to be one of the most
methodical agriculturalists in the country,
Mr. Horace Gray, the newly-appointed Justice of
the Supreme Court, is mere than six feet tall, and
stout in proportion. Ho is a bachelor.
A Bath (Maine) fisherman claims to have caught
over 4,000,000 porgies this season.
A bill to abolish the whipping post has been in
troduced in the Legislature of Virginia by a colored
Governor Long has tendered to Wm. G. Russell,
of Boston, the chief-justiceship of the Massachusetts
supreme court, in place of Judge Horace Gray, who
has just been confirmed as Justice of the United
States Supreme uouri, 111 place 01 me laiejusuce
Clifford, of Maine.
The sum of $3,!?6 has been subscribed in Rhode
Island for the statue which it is proposed to erect
to the memory of the late General A. E. Burnside.
There is every indication that the amount necessary
to secure the memorial, which will be a credit to
the State, will be raided early in the new vear. The
veterans as yet have made no organized effort to
rase fuads for the statue.
A large number of vacancies in the United States
legations abroad remain to be filled by President
The contested election cases will be pushed to an
early decision by Chairman Calkins.
The establishment of another court, to consist of
fifteen judges, will probably be. recommended by the
American Bar Association, for Hie relief of the
Dr. McDonald, a witness in rhe Guileau trial.
I gave the most positive expert testimony against the
prisoner, duiteau gave out, for publication, a
Christmas appeal to the American people, staling
his patriotic motive in executing the divine in
struction to remove General Garfield, and express
ing the expectation of becoming President.
No report of the findings or proceedings of the
court-martial in the case of Lieutenant Flipper has
yet reached the War Department.
An exodus of colored people from South Carolina
has commenced. Their destination is said to be
GRAND ARMY NOTES.
Paragraph 1 of General Order No. 11, just issued
from Headquarters, Department of New York, G. A.
R., states :
The annual meetiug of this Department will be
held at Syracuse, January 25th and 2Gth, 18S2. Ar
rangements are now in progress looking toward se
curing reduced railroad and hotel rates to delegates
and others attending the same, full particulars of
which will be given in next General Order.
Sedgwick Post, No. 16, Department of Michigan,
has elected the following officers: P. O, Orville M.
Bush; S. V. O, John H. Chase; J. V. C., Leonard
Simmons; Adjutant, Win J. Griffith; Q. M., Wm.
A. Lewis ; Sergeant, Ira R. Eunis ; Chaplain, W. W.
Quigley; O. D., Wm. Phillips; O. G., Andrew J.
Rose; S. M., Nathan Vliet: Q. M. S., Harvey S.
Briggs; Delegate to Department Encampment, Wm.
Commander Geo. W. Hooker, Department of Ver
mont, G. A. R., in General Order No. G, just issued,
urges upon officers of the various Posts prompt com
pliance with the requirements of the order as to for
warding reports, &c. He also urges that all Posts
may be represented at the coming Department Encampment.
THE THIRD OHIO INFANTRY,
The first Reunion of the Third Ohio Infantry was
held in 1876' at which time a regimental association
was organized. Reunions have been held annually
evGr since. The next Reunion will be held in Octo
ber next on the anniversary of the battle of Perry
ville. The present officers are President, Odin
Burt; Vice-President, A. W. Wintermute; Treas
urer, J. G. Blue, and Secretary, J. Warren Frazier.
The roll contains the names of and post-office ad
dresses of about 380 of the boys, and name, date,
and place of death of as many as could be ascer
tained since the organization. The secretary an
swers all inquiries of the whereabouts of members,
ahd sends invitations to each annual Reunion to all
DEATH OF AN EX-ARMY SURGEON.
Dr. James M. Shearer died at his residence in
Dillsburg, Pa., at one o'clock on the 14th iust. On
account of injuries received while on duty in the
field during the late war he was transferred to a po
sition in Lincoln general hospital in this city. He
was afterwards vi.iting surgeon to the Veteran Re
serves, and subsequently was a long time surgeon in
charge of the Soldiers' Rest here. He was also sur
geon of President Lincoln's body guard and acting
surgeon of the 12th Regular infantry. He removed
in December, I860, to Dillsburg, at which place he
continued to practice his profession until stricken
down by disease.
CONTESTED SEATS IN THE HOUSE.
The briefs of contestants in the disputed elec
tions to the House are being printed as rapidly as
possible. The Elections Committee has authority
to sit during the recess and will probably have
several sessions before Congress again meets. Major
Calkins, the chairman, proposes to rush these cases
as fast as possible. There are twenty-one contested
seats, and the labor of hearing and considering the
vast amount of testimony involved is simply im
mense. Nevertheless, Major Calkins expects to
have the committee reports on a majority, if not
all, of the cases ready by April 1. The following is
a list of the contestants:
From Alabama James Gillett vs. Thomas H.
Henderson : William M. Lowe vs. Joseph Wheeler :
A. A. Mabeson vs. William C. Oats: Paul Strobach
vs. Hillera A. Herbert ; James Q. Smith vs. Charles
Florida Horatio Bisbee vs. Jesse J. Finlev.
Iowa J. C. Cook vs. M. E. Cutts.
Louisiana B. H. Lannier vs. J. Floyd
Alexander Smith vs. E. W. Robertson.
Maine Samuel J. Anderson vs. Thomas B. Reed.
Mississippi George M. Buchanan vs. Van H.
Manning: John R. Lynch vs. J. R. Chalmers.
Missouri Sessinghouse v.. R. G. Frost.
Oregon S. W. McPowell vs. M. C. George.
South Carolina C. J. Stolbrand vs. D. Wyatt
Aiken ; Samuel Lee vs. John S. Richardson : E. W.
M. Mackey vs. M. P. O'Connor; Robert Smalls v..
George D. Tillman.
Utah George Q. Cannon vs. Allen G
Virginia J. T. Stovall vs. George C.
Cabell : S.
P. Bailey vs. John F. Barbour.
Major Calkins says the committee have not
passed upon the Utah case, as was rumored. None
of the cases filetl have received further attention
than classification and filing.
A PENSION FRAUD CASE,
An interesting case was before Justice Bundy on
Saturday, involving an attempted fraud on the Pen
sion Office. Peyton Randolph, a colored messenger
in the Navy Department, was charged by the Com
missioner of Pension- with presenting a false claim
for a pension. The evidence brought to light a very
ingenious fraud. The defendant was a claimant
for a pension on the ground of a wound in his left
foot. He had some difficulty in netting proof, and so
he resorted to the method of writing letters himself
to him.elf, and having them mailed from Shreveport,
La. .He also represented himelf as George Fox, the
second surgeon in his regiment, and went before
Notary Public Bragg, of the Navy Department, and
made an affidavit that he, Peyton Randolph, was
entitled to a pension, and this affidavit and others
were placed on file in the Pension Office. Mr.
Bragg testified that Randolph was the Mr. Fox who
made the affidavit before him. A number of let
ters, addres.-ed to himself and signed with fictitious
names, were also identified as Randolph's hand
writing. The defendant was committed to jail in
default of $1,000 bonds to await the action of the
grand jury. Randolph claimed to be on intimate
terms with Secretary Hunt, Senator Kellogg, and
other prominent men in Louisiana. He was es
corted about the city by a marshal to get bail, but
did not succeed ,
THE TIMBER CENSUS.
The Census Office has issued bulletins showing
that in the State of Minnesota there was standing
on the .'51st of May, lt-0, C, 100,000,000 feet of mer
chantable pine: in Mississippi, 23,075,009,000 feet;
in Alabama, 21,192,000,000 feet; in Florida, 661f.
000,000 feet, and in Texas, G7,oXs,500,000 feet. Dur
ing the vear ended May 31, 1SS0, there wjis cut in
Minnesota. 540,997,01)0 feet (including 187,t"3fi,000
shingles and S8,0b,000 lathsj ; in Mississippi, lir,
775,000 feet; in Alabama, 245,390,000 feet (including
77,500,000 feet, estimated, grown in Alabama and
sawed in Western Florida); in Florida, 20S,05 1,000
feet (excluding 77,500,000 feet grown in Alabama),
and in Texas, 274,410.000 feet (including 30,290,000
WHO GOT THE MONEY?
The Kalamazoo Daily Telegraph publishes an in
terview with two ex-officers of the Michigan cavalry
regiment, who were engaged in the capture of Jeff.
Davis, recently described by General Johnston in
the Philadelphia Press. One of the officers state
that a soldier of the Fourth Michigan Cavalry, at
Richmond, identified Davis' horse and took pos
session of it, finding saddle-bags and holsters filled
with gold coin. The soldier buried the gold, and a
year or more after the war returned and recovered
the money, brought it North, and gave numerous
pieces to members of his regiment.
The sum was originally S14.000, being part of the
money divided among the confederate president's
retinue at Abbeyville, when crowded by Federal
cavalry. An officer of another regiment states t hat
subsequent to the capture of Davis a large sum of
specie, understood to be .$0,000 or more, from a
confederate specie train, was discovered by the
soldiers in a house near the ferry, where the fugi
tive president and a wagon train crossed the river
into Georgia. The money was scattered among the
soldiers and lost.
The royal baron of beef which graced Queen Vic
toria's table on Christmas day weighed about 300
pounds. It was cut from a prime red and white
Shorthorn, fed by the Duke of Connaught at Bag
shot Park, which fetched 73 at her Majesty's re
cent sale at Shaw Farm. The huge joint was roasted
j at Windsor Castle and forwarded to Osborne.
Russian military authorities are contemplating
the organization of settlements on the Chinese fron
tier of Siberia.
Twenty-three Nihilists recently arrested are be
lieved to be among the leaders of the terrorist party
in Russia. Their trial will take place before a spe
cial sitting of the Senate.
The Italian government is considering the subject
of Papal guarantees in order to prevent foreign interference.
The fund for feeding the prisoners arrested in
Ireland amounts to 9,000. Dublin is to be pro
It is said that tho police have obtained an import
ant clue in the case of the theft of Lord Crawford's
Forty persons have already died from effects of the
injuries received in the church panic at Warsaw.
A memorial chapel will be erected by the Empe
ror of Austria on the site of the Ring Theatre.
In a church at Warsaw a Jew attempted to pick a
man's pocket. Being detected he cried "Fire!" in
order to escape during the confusion. A panic en
sued and twelve persons were crushed to death,
thirty dying afterwards of their injuries. The peo
ple became excited, and in a riot destroyed the
houses of several Jews.
The London Daily Telegraph's correspondent at St.
Petersburg says: "A plot has been discovered for
the assassination of the Czar in Karavanian street,
which it was expected he would traverse while pro
ceeding from the palace to the Michael Riding
School on the occasion of the recent fete of St.
George. It has not yet been possible to obtain full
details as to the plans of the conspirators, who were
all arrested a few days ago at a meeting of revolu
tionists in the outskirts of the town. From infor
mation which the police possess it is authoritatively
stated that nothing could have saved the life of the
Czar had he passed along the street when he was
expected to pass.
Great Britain employs in underground occupa
tions ho fewer than 37S,151 persons, and the length
of the galleries where the mining is carried on is
found to be 58,744 miles.
The timber on Prince Wittgenstein's estate in
Russia is estimated at $5,000,000.
The first part of the money indemnity for the
cession of Kuidja has been paid to Russia by the
It is believe that the coronation of the Czar will
take place earlier than was expected.
The Khedive, in opening the Assembly of Nota
bles, at Cairo, dwelt on the necessity of respect for
All the Tunisian tribes except the Onergamas,
who are now isolated on the Tripoli tan frontier,
have submitted to the French.
Appeals have been taken in sixtv per cent, of the
land cases in Ireland decided by the assistant com
missioners. Dublin and nine
under the arms act.
other counties are proclaimed
New docks for transatlantic steamers are to be
constructed at Havre.
German papers comment suspiciously on the
recent measures for the reorganization of the
A dispatch from Gratz says that a nun detained
against her will leaped over a convent wall into a
stream and was rescued.
Sir Robert Lush, one of the Lords Justices of Ap
peal, is dead.
One of the persons sentenced in England for
bribery has been released on account of ill health.
The Dublin Gazette publishes a proclamation
placing the city and county of Dublin and nine
other counties under the arms act.
A Ruian expedition to take scientific observa
tions at the mouth of the Lena during the years
12-'&3 started from St. Petersburg recently.
The Loudon standard's Dublin dispatch reports
that the Privy Council has determined to proclaim
Dublin anew, making it illegal to poses arms
without a license. The "Sustentation Fund" for
the political prisoners now amounts to 9,000. It
is understood that the suspects imprisoned in Kil
mainham jail will henceforth receive one substan
tial meal per day, to be furnished out of the fund.
Catholic priests are circulating in Ireland copies of
Bishop Nulty's letter to the priests of his diocese
(Meath). stating that land is the common property
I oi all.
1 The Mormon missionaries in London held a con
ference recently. Mormonism in London has been
unsuccessful, but many converts have been made
in the provinces. It is proposed to take the con
verts to Utah early in 18b2. Some of the elders
will remain to proselytize. A number of them will
return to Utah. Fifteen hundred converts have
been made in England since August.
The London Standard'- corespondent at Berlin
says : " Emigration in 1&&2 promises to become more
colossal than that of 1SS1. Fourteen thousand
tickets have already been taken for transportation
by vessels leaving Bremen for America in the
spring. Almost an equal number of emigrants will
go from Hamburg."
The Xovosti, of St. Petersburg, says: "The mili
tary authorities are considering the subject of the
organization of military settlements on the Chinese
frontier of Siberia. It is proposed to exempt the
peasants there from the payment of taxes and to
furnish them with arms.
The Offiria1 Messenger of St. Petersburg announces
that the Emperor has decided that twenty-three
recently arrested olitical criminals, who are be
lieved to be leader. or principal members of the
terrorist party, shall be tried together before a
special sitting of the Senate, at which representa
tives of the local communal assemblies are to be
The Italian government is considering the ques
tion of more efficaciously guaranteeing the liberty
and independence of the Pope in Rome, in order to
prevent all foreign interference tending to give the
law of guarantees an international character.
A cable dispatch from Paris announces the death
of General Berthaut, who distinguished himself in
the Franco-Prussian war and was afterwards made
Minister of War in the Dufaure Cabinet.
At Odessa, Rusoia, a military tribunal has sen
tenced a Cossack, convicted of a political crime, to
ten years' transportation with hard labor.
It is calculated that the Odessa magazines contain
a million and a-quarter of grain ready for exporta
tion and the other Black Sea ports an equal quantitv.
The total is valued at 30,000,000 roubles. The busi
ness is quiet, because of low prices in England and
The South Arklow light-ship, on the coast of Ire
land, has been run down by a four-masted vessel,
believed to be American. The men belonging to
the light-ship are supposed to have been saved.
Three steamers have left Queenstown in chase of
the vessel that caused the accident.
GRADES OF TOTAL DISABILITY AS DE
FINED BY THE PENSION OFFICE.
First. The loss of both hands; the loss of both feet;
total blindness; or any disability which is of u decree
to compel the regular aid and attendance of another
person, constitutes Total disability of the First grade.
Second. The loss of one hand and one foot, or the
los of a leg1 at or above the knee, or an arm at or above
the elbow, or a disability which disables for the perform
ance of tny manual labor is Total disability of Second
Third. The loss of one hand or one foot, or a disa
bility which, in its relations to manual labor, is equiva
lent thereto, is Total disability of the Third grade.
Grade are classified as
2d Total, 1st grade.
.'id Total, lid grade.
4th Total, 3d grade.
There i-; now on exhibition at the office of the
Artificial Incubation Company, .344 Pennsylvania
avenue, one of the most perfect incubators ever in
vented, and which will well repay a visit. The in
cubator is an apparatus about twelve feet lonir fonr
high, and three wide. At first sight it looks like an
ordinary counter, with several rows of drawers and
some queer electrical instruments placed on the top
which rather puzzles the average spectator. Nearer
examination, however, reveals many hidden mys
teries. Running the whole length of this pattern,
"Sairy Gamp," just underneath the top, is a boiler
containing 100 gallons of water. The water from
this boiler is led by pipes to a reservoir, where it is
heated and flows back. Thus a continual flow of
water is kept circulating through the boiler. Be
neath the boiler are narrow ledges, on which are
placed wire-gauze trays, containing from one hun
dred and twenty to one hundred and thirty eggs.
The eggs remain in their trays from nineteen to
twenty-one days. Every day they are taken out.
turned, and allowed to air for twenty minutes. This
is in imitation of Mother Hen, who, as everybody
who ever kept fowls knows, turns her eggs and airs
her nest regularly every day. Below the egg-trays
are vapor pans, and as soon as the chicks are hatehed
they are put in the vapor pans and kept there for
four hours. They are then wrapped in Canton flan
nel and put in the "nurseries," a series of drawers
beneath the vapor pans, and remain there three or
four days. After this they are put in coops, a tank
of hot water being placed in each coop for them to
snuggle up against and keep warm.
The poor orphans, who " never knew a mother's
love," are then ready for market. As the incubator
must be kept at an even temperature 103 to 105
a very ingenious arrangement has been contrived
to overcome any danger of overheating. A spring
runs the entire length of the incubator, just above
the hot-water pipes. This spring communicates
with an electric armature, which closes an electric
circuit when in gear. Immediately the circuit is
closed valves set in the top of the machine open and
let in a current of cold air, and close when the tem
perature falls one degree. The heat, acting on the
sensitive metal spring, causes it to expand, and as it
cools off it contracts and breaks the circuit. There
are many advantages claimed for this method of
hatching over Mother Nature, and they are such as
will readily commend themselves to practical breed
ers. The saving in cost is over 400 per cent., while
the saving in eggs and chicks is very great. The
labor, attendance, and room necessary to be devoted
for breeding purposes is reduced to a minimum.
A BIG FIRE.
A fire broke out last Saturday night in New York
in the four-story stone building occupied as a bond
ed warehouse, at Nos. 71 to 74 South street, by Cov
ert, Acker & Co. As the fire threatened to assume
alarming proportions three alarms and a special call
were sent out, bringing a large force of firemen to
the spot. Notwithstanding their efforts the fire,
which broke out in the second story, extended
through to the third and finally burst through the
roof, but was fortunately confined to the building
in which it originated. This was stored with silks,
tobacco, spirits, and other inflammable materials, on
which the flames seized with eager avidity and held
their own. Notwithstmding the copious streams of
water with which the building was deluged it was
gutted before the flames could be subdued, and only
a few bales of tobacco and other goods could be re
moved. The loss, it was said, would probably be in
the neighborhood of $2,000,000.
SERVING ANOTHER MAN'S SENTENCE.
James Reed, of New York, has made a confession
stating that he went to the penitentiary as a substi
tute for Sherman Reed, who was sentenced to three
months' imprisonment for selling lottery tickets.
The latter had served a few days of his term when
he was admitted to bail, pendiug an appeal. The
higher court affirmed his conviction and he hired
James Reed to act as his substitute. The latter was
returned to the city, and made confession in the
court of general sessions. The officers of the peni
tentiary discovered the fraud by difference in the
appearance of the men. and when taxed with the
deception the prisoner admitted the fact.
No additional tidings from the Jeannette have
been received by the State or Navy Departments.
Secretary Hunt has instructed Capt. DeKraft, of the
Hydographic Bureau, to prepare as soon as possible
a chart showing the track of the Jeannette from the
time of leaving San Francisco onward to Herald
Island, where she was last seen by American whal
ers, and her probable course from 'that point to the
locality where she was crushed in the ice.
It is understood that when the House Committee
to audit the expenses of the illness aad funeral of
President Garfield, of which Judge Taylor, and Gar
field's successor, is chairman, meets after the recess.
Marshal Henry will go before the committee and
ask, in the name of Mrs. Garfield, that Dr. Boynton
and Mrs. Susan Edson be included in the distribu
tion of rewards to the physicians, and that Steward
Crump and the other attendants shall also receive
proper recognition. This will be urged on the
ground that they did much to mitigate the Presi
dent's sufferings in his last days.
Washington, who became President in his fifty
seventh year, selected the youngest group that ever
was collected around a President. Hamilton was
thirty-two, Knox thirty-nine, Randolph thirty-six,
and Jefferson forty-six, the average being thirty
eight years of age.
It is reported that two men charged with murder
have been lynched in Southampton county. Ya.
Secretary Kirk wood says: "It will not do a par
ticle of good for Congress to attempt a repeal of the
Arrearages of Pension bill or begin tinkering at it.
The only thing they can do is to appropriate money
to give the Commissioner of Pensions a large
enough force to act on all the cases of claims with
out delay, and at the same time put the means at
his diso.al to investigate fraudulent cases."
On Monday President Arthur will hold the usual
New Year's Levee, at the White House. In addition
to the conservatory adornments for the occasion,
flags will be brought into requisition for decorative
purposes. Preparations are now being made for the
reception, which promises to be unusually brilliant.
It is about the only event, of a social character,
which will occur at the executive mansion this
Twenty lives were lost on Monday, on the Penin
sula, at West Point. Ya., through an explosion on
the ucav steamer West Point, of the Clyde line.
The cause of the disaster has not been ascertained.
The smallpox is spreading among the Navajo In
dians. In Michigan, a gang of railroad laborers, failing
to receive their wages from a contractor, turned
their attention to tearing up rails, causing trains to
be thrown from the track.
The Government Printing Office is the busiest of
all the Departments of the Government. Nearly fif
teen hundred persons are employed. It is no place
for people who love to loaf. It is the greatest print
ing office in the world.
THE ANNUAL COINAGE.
Director Burchard estimates the amount of
gold coin now in circulation in the United States
at $140,000,000 and the silver coin at $171,500.
000. A MOTHERLY OLD HEN.
There is now at the exhibition rooms of the Arti
ficial Incubation Company, 344 Pennsylvania ave
nue, a most remarkable hen. A single egg was taken
from the incubator and placed under the hen.
She came off the next day with a solitary chick,
but, observing an immense number of chickens
hatched by the machines, she promptly claimed
them all. and they Avere given to her. She has had
with her at one time more than a thousand chick
ens, and still continues to claim every chicken now
being hatched by the machines faun. 30 to 100 per