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THE NATIONAL TKIBUE: WASHINGTON, D. C, DECEMBER 31, 1881.
: TRIAL OF THE ASSASSIN.
December 12th. The first witness was Dr. E.
C. Spitzka, who testified substantially as follows:
That he was a physician ; had made a specialty
of the branches of nervous and mental diseases
for nearly six years, and had been called as an
expert in insanity cases twenty-five or six times;
had examined the prisoner, and pronounced him
insane, and from the hypothetical ease stated
should consider him to have been so when he
fired the fatal shot.
On cross-examination, counsel for the Govern
' ment having brought out the fact that witness
was a veterinary surgeon, the latter replied: "I
have no reason to be ashamed of it. The question
has been asked before from suggestions coming
from a certain quarter."
Mr. Davidge having asked whether the witness
had practiced veterinary surgery, the witness
said, with some asperity : " I never have treated
any animal but the ass, and that animal had two
Mr. Davidge having asked more questions on
the same subject, the witness made a reference
to "asses who ask stupid questions."
Being asked if he was not an expert and did
not hold himself out to testify in insanity cases,
the witness said: "I am willing to testify to
questions in insanity where I receive a respect
able fee. In this case, however, I don't receive
enough to take me to Jersey City. If I had de
sired to sell niy service I would now have been
sitting behind you" (referring to Mr. Davidge),
"because I had an opportunity of going as an
expert for the prosecution."
Proceeding with his testimony the witness ex
plained a diagram which he had made of Gui
teau's head, saying that the shape indicated
Witness having testified to his having written
a certain article which appeared in the Medical
Record, the same was handed him for identifica
tion. While he was examining it Guiteau broke
in with: "I see that crank, Talmage, of the
Brooklyn Tabernacle, has been doing up the
business in a sensational style. I believe he is
the man who has been before his synod several
times for lying. He is also said to be a tender
for a house of prostitution. He is a nice man to
criticise me. I have got my eyes on two or
three others of these cranks. The high-toned,
decent part of the American people are settling
down in a quiet way in this matter, but there
are a few cranks who persist in talking about it."
When witness resumed his testimony he gave
his views concerning experts in insanity cases, by
saying that one of the principal defects in the
system consisted in the habit of calling expert
"witnesses for a side and not by the court.
Considerable time was occupied by the District
Attorney in criticising the article referred to, but
the testimony of the witness remained unshaken
Tuesday Dr. Spitzka's examination was con
cluded, and Dr. Fordyce Barker, the next witness
called on behalf of the prosecution, testified that
he considered the prisoner sane.
L. T. Goble, W. P. Keteham, and 0. D. Phelps,
testified to incidents in the prisoner's life of no
special importance or interest, the latter stating
that he had practiced law in Chicago, where he
was a member of the firm of Reynolds & Phelps.
The prisoner had engaged that firm to bring a
suit against the Oneida Community for four or
five thousand dollars which the prisoner claimed
to have deposited with the community. After
some time he found that the prisoner had lied,
.and he told him so. Laughter.
The Prisoner Phelps is the man who is lying.
I talked with Mr. Reynolds about my suit with
the Oneida Community ; but I never talked with
"Phelps. He used to be a lawyer, but he is now a
curbstone-broker in New York. He hangs around
the Equitable Life Insurance building. He is
like English and Shaw and all that kind of folks.
They are dead-beats and perjurers.
The witness went on to state that he also met
the prisoner in Chicago in 1875, when the witness
"was managing editor of the Inter-Ocean.
" Yes," the prisoner broke in, " that was when
the Inter-Ocean was played out, and that was how
Phelps got the job."
The witness stated that the prisoner came to
the office having some sort of scheme in his head
for publishing the New York Herald and the
Chicago Inter-Ocean simultaneously. Witness
told him about the Associated Press arrange
ments, from which all the valuable news was ob
tained. The prisoner had not known anything
about it, and then he gave up the idea. Subse
quently the prisoner proposed to purchase the
Inter-Ocean, and showed the witness a long list
of the names of men who had subscribed to make
the purchase. The prisoner knew much more
about the stockholders of the paper than the wit
The Prisoner You were only a sub, and a very
small one at that Laughter.
The Witness He wanted that I should accept
the position of editor-in-chief on the paper to be
established under these new auspices, and he
showed me the introductory editorial that was
so appear in the first issue. He brought in a
number of articles to have published, and I think
one of them (after long labor and immense revis
ion) was published.
The Prisoner You thought it was a splendid
work of art. It was a column article on the sub
ject of suicide. I wrote it off-hand, and you
thought it was very finely done.
The witness went on to relate various other of
his interviews with the prisoner in Chicago, Bos
ton, and New York, and said that he never no
ticed anything about him that led him to believe
that the prisoner was of unsound mind, or that
he did not know -what he was about all the time.
On cross-examination he was asked whether
the prisoner was a man of ordinary prudence and
judgment. His reply was: "Of extraordinary
prudence and judgment of the Colonel Seller's
Mr. Scoville Explain yourself.
The Witness Colonel Sellers is the type of a
character who has more or less egotism, and who
is constantly getting up schemes that are to make
great fortunes for himself and friends a genial,
good-natured fellow, differing, however, from this
man, who, instead of being genial and good-natured,
has the most unbounded selfish disposition
that I have ever met.
The prisoner (contemptuously) That is the
best you can do, is it? That indicates your
The witness further stated on cross-examination
that he had expressed the opinion that the
prisoner ought to be hung.
Wednesday. Dr. John L. Withrow, of Boston,
testified that in 1877 or 1878 he became acquainted
with the prisoner, but never saw anything in his
conduct to indicate insanity. While this witness
was giving his testimony Guiteau interrupted and
" I want to let you all know that when I was
in Boston I attended Dr. Withrow's church, was a
member of the Y. M. C. A. and the Christian
Union, and always associated with high-toned
Christian people. I state this, Corkhill, to knock
your ' total depravity ' theory in the head. More
over, I want to say that I see the object you have
in bringing these witnesses here. It is to prove
whether or not I was sane when I fired the fatal
shot Whether I was or not makes no difference.
My defense is, that I was deprived of my free
agency at that time and could not help it. I am
here not to falsify to save my neck. I want j u stice
and vindication, and leave my life in the hands
of the Lord, this court, and the jury. I'll tell
them more when I get up to address them. This
is only an incidental speech."
C. A. Bryan, of Brooklyn, N. Y., testified to
having loaned Guiteau money; whereupon he
was contradicted by the prisoner, who said :
"You lie! I want to state here, once for all, if
a witness comes here and lies about me, I will
tell him he is mistaken, I will tell him he has
falsified; I will tell him he is a liar! and if he
persists, I will call him an in fernal whelp. That's
as far as I'll go, and it's equivalent to the bar
room profanity of consigning a man below."
From all that he knew or saw of Guiteau the
witness did not think him an insane man, but,
on the contrary, a very shrewd one.
Thursday. H. M. Collins testified that he
knew the prisoner about the year 1873, and at
that time he was in witness' opinion perfectly
competent to judge between right and wrong.
J. M. Justice, a lawyer of Logansport, Ind.,
the next witness, testified that about June, 1878,
he met the prisoner in Logansport. The pris
oner stopped at William Jones's boarding-house,
about a square and a half from the witness' resi
dence. Witness saw the prisoner daily for about
" I was in Logansport about two days and a
half," said the prisoner. " I never saw you be
fore; don't know you, and don't care about you."
The witness said the prisoner was there selling
a life of Mr. Moody.
" I never saw any life of Mr. Moody," said the
prisoner, "though I have known him very well
for ten or twelve years. The fact is you have
got some one else mixed up with me."
The prisoner commenced to denounce the wit
ness. ' Can you swear that I am the man ? " he
"I think you are the man," replied the wit
ness. " Can you swear so ? " shouted the prisoner,
"I can swear so."
" Then you are a liar."
" I will look up your record," added Guiteau.
" You probably belong to the Shaw combination.
You infernal whelp ; you coming here and trying
to pass me off as a book agent."
The witness was asked by Mr. Corkhill whether
Guiteau left the town in the day-time or the night
time, but he could not remember.
"I left in the day-time, like any decent man,"
said the prisoner, and continuing he declared
that the witness should have to bring the book,
which he claimed he (the prisoner) had left at
Logansport, or stand convicted as a liar. The
witness having referred to his house in Logans
port, the prisner looked up and said: "I didn't
suppose you had brains enough to own any
property. You must have swindled somebody
out of it."
The witness believed the prisoner was sane
and knew the difference between right and wrong.
Mr. Scoville asked that the witness should
send to Logansport and produce the book re
"Corkhill will pay your bill," said the pris
oner. "You go round to Corkhill and he will
give you a note, and you take it to the Treasury
and they will pay you. Charge it to the Guiteau
trial, $100, book agent, for lying."
The witness said when he saw the prisoner
there was a free expression about his eyes that
differed from his present appearance. Now he
had a suppressed look about the eyes.
I don't think I am suppressed this morning,"
said the prisoner, laughing. "I think I am
pretty lively this morning, sir."
"What do you mean by a suppressed look?"
asked Mr. Scoville.
" I mean that it indicates to me fear in the
court room, if you want my answer."
" I don't think I feel fearful, sir," said the pris
oner, "I don't think a man who has God Al
mighty behind him need be fearful. I can defy
the world if necessary. I dreamt last night that
somebody shot me, but didn't hurt me. I ain't
afraid of being shot I am in charge of the Met
ropolitan police here, and of the National guards
at jail. There's been some crank work here dur
ing the last few days all on account of this man
Corkhill digging up my record. It has made a
feeling against me. The first thing you know
the Almighty will take that man (indicating Mr.
Corkhill) below. He's too stinking too live. You
are a low, dirty whelp," said the prisoner, turn
ing to Mr. Corkhill. " That's my opinion of you,
Corkhill, you are a low, dirty whelp, and God
Almighty will get even with you, you and your
Mrs. Ann Dunmire, the prisoner's divorced
wife, testified to her marriage and that she had
Her further examination was suspended to
await the arrival of the record.
Dr. Noble Young, of this city, testified that he
had examined the prisoner and considered him
Upon cross-examination, the witness being
asked as to Guiteau's statement in jail, that if
the President died it would confirm his belief
that he was inspired, the prisoner, interrupting,
"I said it the President recovered, it would
show that the Lord had countermanded his order,
just as he did in the case of Abraham. He com
manded him to kill his son, and then counter
manded the order. The Lord will take care of
it, too, gentlemen. I am entirely satisfied with
the way the Deity has taken care of this case so
At this point Mrs. Scoville desired to ask
witness a question, and permission was granted
her by the court, when the prisoner said to his
sister, rather roughly :
" They have as much as these people can do to
stand me, without having interruptions from
Mr. Scoville objecting, the questions were not
As Mr. Scoville continued to question the
witness, the prisoner said :
"You are about as stupid a man, Scoville, this
morning, as I ever knew. I guess that lecture
last night was too much for you. If it had been
a good night, you would probably have had a
packed house. You had better do it again."
General J. S. Reynolds, of Hlinois, testified to
an interview with the prisoner July 18, in the jail.
He also testified that the prisoner said there was
no malice in the crime ; that his act had been a
patriotic one. On the 18th, the witness told him
that the President would recover, and the prisoner
seemed much disappointed ; he showed him pa
pers giving the sentiments uttered by prominent
stalwart leaders regarding the crime, and the
prisoner seemed much stupefied; he said he
thought these men would defend him; he was
astounded that they should look at this act merely
as a bloody assassination, as they had been de
nouncing General Garfield and making him out
" I want to say," interrupted the prisoner, "that
General Reynolds was the first man to open my
eyes about Corkhill. Why, he says, he's just as
bitter as gall on you. The whole thing was a
gigantic lie from beginning to end. If you expect
to succeed by lying, Corkhill, you will find out
you can't do it. God Almighty will strike you
dead, just as He did Ananias and Sapphira."
Friday. Guiteau opened the proceedings by
saying, "I understand Gen. Reynolds is sick. I
wonder if Corkhill is. Got more than they want
ed yesterday, I guess. It is about time for Cork
bill to get sick and stay sick."
He had scarcely resumed his seat when the
District Attorney and officers of the court entered,
and court being opened, the record of divorce of
Guiteau's ex-Avife was introduced, after which
General Reynolds was recalled to the stand.
Witness stated he had no intention or idea of
playing the spy on Guiteau; he merely wTanted
to ascertain from him if there were any accom
plices in the crime, there being a sort of semi
suspicion that it might be a socialistic plot; wit
ness learned for a certainty, through his inter
views and visits, that there were no accomplices ;
witness knew that Col. Corkhill had all the facts
that he had produced.
Mr. Scoville asked to see the papers which
Gen. Reynolds read from yesterday. He looked
over them and read a few more questions which
the prisoner had put to the witness on the occas
ion of his visit in the jail. They were of no ad
ditional interest He also asked for the news
paper slips witness had read to the prisoner.
They were the telegrams of sympathy for Presi
dent Garfield and the horror for Guiteau's crime
from Conkling, Grant, Logan, and others. When
the letter from Grant was read, in which the lat
ter spoke of his son Fred having told him Gui
teau was a dead-beat from Chicago, Guiteau
called out: "That's a lie. A sweet-scented youth
Fred. Grant is! He is too lazy to earn a decent
living, and beats off his father. He is a dead-
L beat, not I. Those men were hot against me at
that time. They are cooled off now, and will
come up to me like high-toned friends.
" It's no use talking," continued the assassin,
"I had to remove Garfield. I was just thinking
about it this morning. Why, I was astonished
to think of it It was the most audacious act a
man could do : to go into that depot and shoot
the President of the United States, surrounded
by his Cabinet and friends. It was only the Di
vine inspiration that kept me up. I wouldn't do
it again for '$1,000,000, but I was desperate and
my free agency was destroyed. Now, that's all
there is about it, and you couldn't make any
more out of it if you all talked for six years."
Mrs. Anna Dunmire, the divorced wife of the
prisoner, was next called, and took the stand.
Guiteau looked up at her for the first time,
and then recommenced writing. Just as the
witness was about to testify a large number of
ladies arose and left the room, which caused
considerable delay. Guiteau, seeing the ladies
leaving, called out:
"I don't think there'll be any smut in this
ease. There's no necessity for it unless that
pernicious whelp Corkhill drags it out It's a
shame to bring this lady here. I haven't seen
her for eight years and know nothing about
her. All that I want to say about her is that
I wish her well. She is married now and has
children. Corkhill, you are a hog. The idea
of bringing a lady here to have her record
raked up ; for it will be if she tries to harm
me. I want to say here that I intend to ask
as a special personal favor President Arthur to
bounce you. I intend to tell him that there
are lots of lawyers in New York who have
helped the Republican party, and who would
fill your place a hundred thousand times better
than you. I will demand it from him ; as I made
him President, he cannot refuse me, you per
Witness was married to the prisoner in Chi
cago in 1869 ; was married by Rev. Mr. Barclay;
resided in Chicago until the fall of 1871 ; the
prisoner was engaged in the law business at
that time ; went from Chicago to New York in
October, 1871; resided there until the fall of
1873 ; prisoner worked for the election of Gree
ley; told witness that if Greeley was elected
he would have the Chilian mission; witness
never saw anything about the prisoner that in
Guiteau was very much irritated by Scoville's
cross-examination of Mrs. Dunmire. "Scoville,
you are a consummate jackass! A ten-year-old
boy could manage this case better than you.
You have no sense at all. I will drive you out
of the case altogether. I have to do all the
heavy work, but your insufferable egotism and
vanity keep you in it You laughing very
heartily you haven't been of any account since
that lecture. You had better go home and go
Dr. A. J. Hamilton testified that he had made
diseases of the mind and nervous system a
specialty for the last nine years ; had examined
Guiteau and found nothing to indicate insanity.
A.t two o'clock the court adjourned over until
A recent ruling of the Po3t-Office Department
is that postage-stamps with a piece torn off will
not be received for postage.
Samuel Waldo, of Perry Centre, who was
a "minute man" in the war of 1812, still uses
the old tin canteen for drinking purposes which
he carried at Lundy's Lane.
There is a weekly sale in Paris of toads, which
are brought in casks filled with damp moss. One
hundred good toads are worth from 60 to 70 shil
lings. These are bought for gardens to destroy
The Greeks held garlic in such abhorrence that
those who partook of it were regarded as profane.
The Romans, on the contrary, gave it to their
soldiers, with an idea that it excited their courage,
and to their laborers to strengthen them.
Among the Chinese no relics are more valuable
than the boots that have been worn by a magis
trate. If he resigns and leaves the city, a crowd
accompanies him from his residence to the gates,
where his boots are drawn off with great ceremony,
to be preserved in the hall of justice.
In India the spoken languages are said to be
243 ; including dialects there are 540. The Bible
is partly translated in 70 or 80. There is a Chris
tian literature in not more than half a dozen
leading languages. The use of English is rapidly
gaining ground. When educated Hindoos meet
or correspond they prefer English.
"Father," asked Johnny, "what is a log?"
"A log, my son," replied Brown, stealing a glance
at Mrs. B., to see if she was listening for his an
swer, "a log, my son, is a big piece of wood or
timber. Why do you ask, Johnny?" "It tells
in this story about heaving the log, and it says
the ship went fourteen knots an hour. What
does it mean by knots, father?" Knots, Johnny
knots? Why, you have seen a log almost al
ways covered with knots haven't you? Well
that's what it means fourteen of them the
ship got by fourteen of them in an hour. That's
all, Johnny," said Brown, with a sigh of relief
that he had got out of it so easily. Boston Tran
No one is so accursed by fate,
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But some heart, though unknown,
Responds unto his own.
Trust no future, howe'er pleasant ;
Let the dead Past bury its dead.
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GEORGE E. LEMON
WASHINGTON, D. C,
Attorney -at -Law and Solicitor of
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Established in 1863.
CAN I OBTAIN A PATENT?
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By these terms you know beforehand, for nothing,
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An attorney whose fee depends on his success in obtain
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DESIGN PATENTS and the REGISTRATION OF
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Answers to Correspondents,
We are obliged to answer certain Inquiries of the same
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E. P. J., Jr. You are certainly entitled to a read
justment of your salary between the years 1563 and
1870, and we advise you to take immediate action
by consulting an attorney familiar with the sub
ject. P. Swett, Kas. Lose no time in sending full
particulars of the loss sustained by you from Indian
depredations to some attorney in this city, as Con
gress is expected to take such action this session
as will enable these claims to be satisfactorily adju
dicated. Several bills with this object in view have
already been presented. Prompt action is necessary.
Crown Prince. The United States does not pay
for property taken by rebels during the late war.
Mull, Jr., N. O., La. You cannot at present
recover anything for rent of your warehouse by
United States authorities during the rebellion, al
though it is thought relief will be forthcoming at
no distant date. Send your papers to an attorney
for examination and advice.
Prof. Ayee, Mossy Creek, Tenn. Claims for
property taken by the United States army and filed
prior to January 1, 18S0, can be collected if the nec
essary proof is adduced. Loyalty to the United
States from date of taking property is essential to
Bolivar. See answer to Prof. Ayre. Send date
of filing, county, and State whence propertv taken,
and name of attorney (if any) who filed the case in
the Department here, (with reasons for desiring to
revoke the authority given him), to an attorney fa
miliar with such claims, and he can no doubt advise
you as to cause of delay.
Mosher, Greene co., Tenn. Having failed to
file your claim for property taken by the Union
army prior to January 1, 1S30, it is now barred by
statute, and you must await future legislation. A
bill was introduced at the beginning of the present
session of Congress to extend the time for filing
claims of this class for two years longt r. You should
write some competent attorney.
O. W. B., Fayette co., Ky. The Quartermaster
General having rejected your property claim you
cannot recover. His decision is final, from which
there is no appeal.
Higgins, Georgetown. You should have filed
your claim with the Southern Claims Commission for
the property taken by the Federals in Alabama.
Having failed to do so, you have no present remedy,
the Commission having completed its labors and dis
solved in 1SS0.
Lesh, Atlanta. The records of the Southern
Claims Commission are in this city, and you can
learn the grounds upon which your claim was re
jected upon application to any respectable attorney
in this city.
C. W. A., South Wright, Minn. Address B. E.
Pierce, Grand Eapids, Michigan, in relation to or
ganizing a Post of the G. A. E. He will, upon re
quest, forward you necessary information.
Mary J., Chicago, Ills. The death of your hus
band of a disease contracted in the service and ag
gravated by the habitual use of intoxicating liquors
does not entitle you to the benefits of pension laws.
Sarah M. You must first be appointed guardian
of the minor children of soldier before making ap
plication for their pension.
Justice of the Peace, Des Moines, Iowa. You
cannotact as attorney for pension claims and have
affidavits in the cases executed before you, because
you must state in the jurat your disavowal of any
interest in the prosecution of the case, direct or in
direct. Johnnie Bowlen, Paris, Ills. You are a noble
boy. The Tribune appreciates your self-sacrilice
to secure for your father the paper as a Christmas
present. He will no doubt appreciate it. We are
always glad to hear from soldiers, large or small.
Fourth U. S. Inf. There is no provision in the
general pension laws granting a pension to those
who have served 20 years in the Eegular army, with
out regard to whether they contracted any disability
Remaining answers next week.
GOOD CHEAP LANDS!
Audrain County, Missouri.
Good homes and Farming lands in Missouri, near good
churches, schools, and first-class railwavs to competing
markets East, West, North, and South, for which no
bonded debt exists to burden the taxpayers.
PIMCES LOW and TERMS EASY.
UVAAU 1 i UUAlkAk ; UUUj
REAL ESTATE AGENTS,
Office established 25 years. Send for our papers and
maps free. 17-JJ
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to suit any publication with the proper title. Name of
owner, if desired, embossed on back free of charge.
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