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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, JANUARY 7, 1882.
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WASHINGTON, D. C, JANUARY 7, 1882.
Regulab subscribers who receive extra copies
of The National Tribune will please distrib
ute them among their soldier friends.
If you wish the business of the Pension Office
advanced so your claim can be settled within a
reasonable time, write to your Member of Con
gress and Senators to vote for an appropriation
BofBcient to employ at least 500 more clerks.
Colonel Dudley wants them he means busi
ness; all he needs is the means, and claims will
be speedily brought up to date.
Give him your support, and at once.
These are probably not less than 1,000,000
men yet living who served honorably in the
Union army during the war of the rebellion.
One million ballots when voting time comes will
count, and the soldier element can dictate legis
lation if it will act unitedly. Then pass the
word along the line: Dress on the colors and for
ward ! Elect none but friends to office.
The New York Tribune is demanding the
lepeal of the Arrears of Pension Act This move
on the part of that crooked journal is almost
equal to going on Jeff. Davis's bail bond.
The New York Herald, Tribune, Pot, and
Titncs are clamoring for the repeal of the Arrears
of Pension Act Let every ex-soldier in the land
spot them as enemies.
Commissioner Dudley told the correspondent
of the New York Herald that the frauds upon
the Pension Office would not exceed one-tenth j
of one per cent., but the Herald keeps on lying
all the same about the "Arrears Act."
January 7, 1S82, we were in Virginia, a
musket upon our shoulder, doing guard duty.
Then our enemies were in front of us. To-day
we are on duty, but not as we were twenty years
ago. Now we are guarding our old comrades in
arms against the malicious attacks of such white
livered patriots and snarling curs as the editors
of the New York Tribune, Herald, Times, and
other papers of that ilk.
Austria, England, Germany, Denmark, Nor
way, Russia, France and the Uuited States have
entered into an alliance, offensive and defensive,
against the North Pole.
The advance guard of the attacking column
has already started npon an expedition to the
eoast of the frozen ocean, and will be followed by
other detachments so soon as a sufficient number
of scientific cranks can be gathered in from
Our great American cranks, who are supposed
to be favorable to the undertaking, are at present
engaged in editing the New York Tribune, Herald,
Post, Harper's Warklu, and other journals oppos
ing the "soldier element," When the Arrears bill
is repealed they will probably join the expedi
tionary forces by proxy, providing they can steal
eoough froin the Government to pay expenses.-
We publish elsewhere an official statement
showing the number and character of pension
claims allowed since the present Commissioner
took charge of the office.
The figures prove that Colonel Dudley is push
ing things ae rapidly as possible. It- took him
some time to get the force in working order, but
now he hopes to get through with a larger num
ber of cases each succeeding month.
Subscribe for The National Tmbuse. the
,besi Soldiers' paper xa the country.
Three Lies in a IiUnip.
Speaking of the Arrears of Pension Act, the
New York Herald says :
" The Herald has on many occasions called at
tention to the enormity of the act which is now
in operation, and which was signed by President
Hayes after it had been vetoed by his predeces
sor, called the ' Pensions Arrears Act.' The his
tory of modern legislation does not show any
more shameful and barefaced swindle. This was
passed as "a measure of justice to the soldiers"
at a time when the Republican party was court
ing the soldier's vote. It was never thoroughly
From the foregoing it may be easily perceived
that the Herald is rapidly adding to its reputa
tion as a first class liar. In the first place, the
act signed by Mr. Hayes, to which reference is
made, had never " been vetoed by his (Hayes's)
predecessor" nor by any one else.
It was the first measure of the kind ever passed
by Congress and Mr. Hayes was therefore the
first President who had the opportunity of act
ing upon it.
In the second place, the bill originated in a
Democratic House, was voted for by members of
both political parties, every northern Democrat
present, with, we think, three exceptions, answer
ing in the affirmative when the roll was called,
and, nearly a year afterwards, came up in the
Senate, when it was passed by an almost unani
mous vote, only Senators Davis and Hereford of
"West Virginia, McCreary of Kentucky, and
Saulsbury of Delaware, voting against the bill.
Among the prominent Democratic Senators
who voted in favor of the Arrears Act may be
named Barnum of Connecticut, David Davis of
Illinois, Butler of South Carolina, Gordon and
Hill of Georgia, Kernan of New York, Wallace
of Pennsylvania, McPherson of New Jersey,
Voorhees and McDonald of Indiana, Cockrell of
Missouri, Thunnan of Ohio ; and that these men
favored it is sufficient to show that it was by no
means a party measure, but one which all good
and just minded men felt compelled to support
regardless of their partisan affiliations.
"When the editor of the Herald intimates that
the act was intended to catch the soldier's vote
he assails the integrity of every one of the gentle
men we have named as well as of every Republi
can and Democrat who voted in favor of the bill.
Again, the Herald says the bill was never
thoroughly debated. This is the third lie con
tained in the dozen lines we have quoted from
that mendacious sheet.
The matter was fully considered, and in the
Senate was thoroughly discussed by Senators
Ingalls, Ferry. Hoar, McMillan, Blaine, Morrill,
Paddock, Dawes, Howe, and others from the
Republican side, and by Senators Voorhees,
Eaton, Thurman, Kernan, Hereford, Saulsbury,
and other leading Democrats. There was no
difference of opinion as to the justice of the pro
posed measure, nor was any opposition to it made
upon the ground that it was unjust except by
Senator Saulsbury, who thought ample justice
had been done the soldiers, and was opposed to
the payment of any further gratuities to them.
Upon this point Mr. Saulsbury was replied to by
Senator Kernan of New York, and a Democrat,
who said :
Mr. Kernan. Mr. President, I differ with my
friend entirely. If I thought this was a gra
tuity I should vote against the bill. I regard it
as discharging a just obligation to a class of peo
ple who ought to be dealt with justly. How can
the Senator from Delaware say that it is a gratu
ity? There was a statute of limitations shorter
than exists in my State for ordinary debts. A
class of pensioners were unable to perfect their
claims within the five years prescribed. I have
their letters here in my drawer ; numbers of them
letters from widows who could not find the officer
to whom to give the certificate that their husband
was dead. That class of cases exist. 1 am for
waiving that statute in such cases, and if I shall
ever vote for enforcing it, as I would against some
claims, it will be in regard to a different class of
claims from these.
I admit there is heavy taxation, and I will join
with my friend in economy ; but I will strike the
first blow somewhere besides cutting these peo
ple off by a short statute of limitations. We
have plenty of opportunities here to save by the
million, and I hope we shall do so. I do not
mean to vote for gratuities, because I think they
are unjust to the tax-payers; but I will vote to
pay an obligation incurred to these people who
are lame and sick, and to their representatives,
when they prove their claim to it. I will not do
this on the theory of a gratuity, but on the prin
ciple that we are fulfilling an obligation which
ever lias been held by the people of this country
to be of the most sacred character.
Following Mr. Kernan's remarks the vote was
taken, and the bill passed by an overwhelming
majority, only four nays being recorded against
it, as already stated.
These are the plain facts of the case, as the offi
cial record will show. We therefore suggest to
the editor of the Herald to either stop lying alto
gether; or if that be impossible, to get at least a
grain of truth to mix with his superabundance
of falsehood, so as to add at least a shadow of
plausibility to his infamous attacks, not only
upon the ex-soldiers of the country, but also
upon the Honorable Senators and Representa
tives in Congress who have proved their friends.
The editor of the New York Tribune is either
hysterical or else sorely afflicted with wind on
the stomach. We suggest extract of valerian or
cranesbill tea. Any old woman (Carl Schruz,
for instance) can instruct him as to quantity and
fVoquency of the doses. Meantime he should
not meddle with the Arrears of Pension Act.
A Malicious Slander.
The New York Herald says the Arrears of Pen
sion Act "was passed by Congress under the spur
of unworthy motives ; " that the Pension Arrears
Act is ''dishonest, unneccssaryt unpatriotic."
In answer to this we reply : "When such men
as Senators Edmunds of Vermont, David Davis
of Hlinois, Plumb of Kansas, Hoar of Massa
chusetts, Ferry of Michigan, "Windom of Min
nesota, and ex-Senators Matthews of Ohio,
Burnside of Rhode Island, Blaine of Maine, Conk
ling of New York, vote for a measure, Republi
cans may well be satisfied that it is a just and
proper one to become a law. And when such
leaders as ex-Senators Barnum of Connecticut,
"Wallace of Pennsylvania, Thurman of Ohio, Ker
nan of New York, McDonald of Indiana, and Gor
don of Georgia, and such well-known party men
as Senators McPherson of New Jersey, Voorhees
of Indiana, Butler of South Carolina, Hill of
Georgia, and Jones of Florida, approve of the ac
tion of their brethren of the opposition, Demo
crats may rest assured that the matter involves
no question of partisanship.
We think the Herald ought to apologize to the
gentlemen whom we have named for the base
slanders it has hurled against their reputations.
But then we have no hopes of its doing so, for
the Herald, in addition to being a common liar,
has no sense of the proprieties of life.
Ex-soldiers should remember, when they see
the New York Tribune's scurrilous articles con
cerning the Arrears of Pension Act, that it was
that paper which virtually suggested the assassi
nation of General Grant, and which most wick
edly and without cause or mercy accused the late
President Garfield of dishonesty.
The soldiers who saved the country are now
merely receiving similar treatment to that which
the same scandalous sheet has heretofore admin
istered to almost every prominent statesman
and patriot, Republican or Democrat, who has
had to do with public affairs during the last fif
teen or twenty years.
How to Do It.
A correspondent from Indiana writes us for our
opinion as to the best plan for getting an early
expression from ex-soldiers of their views con
cerning proposed legislation affecting their inter
ests before Congress.
We suggest that every soldier who is opposed
to the repeal of the "Arrears Act," or who is in
favor of more liberal pension laws and of the
passage of the bill to equalize bounties, write to
tue Senators from his State and to his Member
of Congress without delay to that effect.
The letters should be short and to the point ;
and the more of such the Senators and Members
receive the more apt they will be to see to it that
no injustice is done the soldier and that all his
rights are accorded him.
The soldiers who fought in Mexico won for
the United States Texas, California, and we may
add Arizona and New Mexico, comprising in all
an area of 427,055,424 acres. Of this vast terri
tory there has been awarded them, providing
each one of the 100,000 soldiers has received his
land warrant, only about 16,000.000 acres.
We insist that justice requires a more benefi
cent provision for the veterans wh added so
greatly to our National wealth, and we believe
that the country can hut approve of the measure
now before Congress providing pensions to all
surviving soldiers 01 tne Mexican war. we
shall do everything in our power to urge the
matter upon the attention of our law-makers
and trust they will feel inclined, to act now,
wHIa t enmp n? H10 mTi wtmrr, tho hiU rwl-
IIAJklAU TWW V.MW VSA. WliV UAVU TW-M. WWV Wi.A SV.U
ing purposes to benefit are alive.
Foes of Examining1 Surgeons.
During the late Mr. Bentley's administration
of the Pension Office, and at his instance, the fees
of examining surgeons were reduced from two to
one dollar in each case or for each examination
We know something of the duties required of
this class of officers and have always felt that
even the two dollars was none too much to sat
isfy the demands of justice. One-half that
amount is unreasonably small, and, recognizing
this fact as we have done, Commissioner Dudley
has recommended that the former fee allowed be
re-established. We believe that by proper effort
an amendment of the law can be secured, and in
our endeavors to bring about such a desirable
result we trust we may have the hearty co-opera
tion of those who are most deeply and personally
w, , , , i
ivinu w orus. ;
General W. S. Rosecrans, who has had occasion ;
to examine The National Tribuvk, lms an- !
j.B.iwojii, u,i5 rt,u ,
tnonzecl us to use the following endorsement.
which was appended to a communication re
lating to other matters with which he ihrored m:
"From the sample numbers of your weekly,
and the plan of conducting it above the level of
party politics, I have no hesitation in wishing I
and hoping you will have a largely extended !
circulation and a protons futarc. Von j
truly, (Signed; W. S. Boseobass"
Examining Surgeons of the Pension Office ,
should writ, to tneir Member of Congress ta xe-
lation to an increase of the fees in. t-s brought
before them respectivelv.
e , ., c rn - m
Subscribe for rnr. National Tiurukk.
California Soldiers' Home.
The Executive Committee of the Veteran Sol
dier's Home Association of California are taking
steps to hold a military carnival during the
week, commencing January 30. Department
Commander S. O. Houghton of the G. A. R. re
cently presided at a meeting of ex-soldiers and
citizens at which various committees to carry
out the programme decided upon were appointed.
"We hope it will be a grand affair and bring in
most any amount of money. The object is a
worthy one and should be favored by every one
according to the depth of his or her pocket.
By direction of the Secretary of the Interior,
certain pension claims which have been hereto
fore prosecuted by Cliipman, Hosmer & Co., Hos
mer & Co., Gilmore & Co., and Chas. D. Gilmore,
have been transferred to George E. Lemon, under
certain conditions. All persons whose claims
have been in the hands of either of the above
named firms, or their successor, Mr. Gilmore,
should at once write to Mr. Lemon for full par
ticulars. See his advertisement on seventh page.
Attention is again invited to the articles
relating to the Battle of Stone River now being
published in The National Tribune.
Colonel Kniffin wields a graphic pen, is familiar
with his subject, and the interest in his narra
tive increases as progress is made towards the
Those desiring subsequent issues should send
in their subscriptions at once.
Back numbers will be furnished, so far as pos
sible, to each subscriber when request is made to
In this number we present our readers with
a picture of Surgeon T. B. Hood, Medical Referee
of the Pension Office, together with a brief sketch
of his life.
Dr. Hood is the gentleman who finally passes
upon all pension claims based upon disability,
and while his duties are difficult and perplexing,
he nevertheless has thus far succeeded in build
ing up a reputation for efficiency and fairness
second to that of no other official under the Gov
ernment. The Progressive Farmer.
We have secured the initial number of the Pro
gressive Farmer and Virginiti Home Industrialist,
published at Mount Vernon, Fairfax county, Vir
giniaj hv ylv, w. h. Snowden. It presents a neat
appearance and we wish it every success in the
field of journalism.
Every ex-soldier who is opposed to the repeal
of the Arrears of Pension law and in :fovor of a
law for equalizing bounties should write to his
Senator and Congressman to that effect.
Congress ought to appropriate a reasonable
sum of money to aid in establishinga Disabled Vet
eran's soldiers Home in California.
The Empire State of the West numbers among
its citizens soldiers from almost every state in the
Union who served under the Old Flag in Mexico
and during the war of the rebellion, and the Home
projected should therefore receive National aid.
We ask our law-makers to grant it without
Every ex-soldier should write to his Senators
and Member of Congress without delay, protest
ing against the repeal of the ''Arrears of Pensions"
HOUSE PENSION COMMITTEES.
committee 0 ialid pensions.
Thomas M. Browne, of Winchester, Indiana,
was born at New Paris, Ohio, April 19, 1629 ; re
moved to Indiana in January, 1844 : received a common-school
education ; studied law at Winchester,
and was admitted to the bar in 1849 ; was elected
prosecuting attorney for the Thirteenth Judicial
Circuit in 1855, and re-elected in 1857 and 1859;
was Secretary of the State Senate of Indiana in
1861, and represented Randolph county in that
body in 1663 ; assisted in organizing the Seventh
volunteer cavalry, and went to the field with that
regiment as its lieutenant-colonel, was promoted to
its colonelcy, and subsequently commissioned by
President Lincoln brigadier-general by brevet ; was
appointed in April, 1869, United States Attorney
for the District of Indiana, and resigned that office
August 1.1872: was elected to the Forty-fifth Forty
sixth, and Forty-seventh Congresses as a Republican.
Charles H. Joyce, of Rutland, Vermont, was
born near Andover, England, January 30, 1830;
studied law, and was admitted to the bar; was two
years State librarian, two years district attorney
for Washington county ; served in the Union army
as major and lieutenant-colonel of tho Second Ver
mont volunteers ; was a member of the State House
of Representatives in 1869, 70, and '71, and was
', Speaker of the House in 1870 and '71 ; was elected
I to the Forty-fourth, Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, and
i Forty-seventh Congresses as a Republican.
William Cullkn, of Ottawa, Illinois, was bora
in the north of Ireland March 4, 1826. When a
(.Mld hig parenta came to the Tjiitod States and lo-
eated in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania., where be received
?,V?blicI i001 educf ion; IJHnofe in
-j an( ocated on a farm; was sheriff of La Salle
county and held other local offices; has been for
many vears joint owner and senior editor of the
j Ottawa RpvMi:iii. Was elected to Congress as a
Ossian Ray, of Lancaster, New Hampshire, was
born at Hinesburg, Vermont, December 13, 1835;
studied law and was admitted to tho bar in 1857.
and has practiced his profession since that time'
1Tf,a hcId variou-s county and State offices, and was
r. r.DaVes, of Marietta. Ohio, s bom July 4,
1P38: cntv.vfid the Union service in 1861 as captain
the Sixth Wisconsin volunteers, and during the
Was elected as a Republican.
A- K- Pettinone, of Greeneville, Tenn., was
born in Ohio, and received his education at Hiram
College ana the University of Michigan. Entered
the Union army as a private Ln iSGi; acd was suo
cessfully promoted until he became major of the
Twentieth Wisconsin. Resumed the practice of the
law at the close of the war in 1865, locating at
Greencville. Was elected as a Republican.
A. K. Parker, of Potsdam, N. Y., was born
in Vermont in 1831, but has been a resident of St.
Lawrence county over forty years. Is a lawyer,
and 1ms served in the New York State Legislature
for several terms. Elected as a Republican.
John B. Rick, of Fremont, Ohio, is a physician
and served on the medical staff during the rebellion
as assistant surgeon of the Tenth and surgeon of the
Seventy-second Ohio. He was subsequently surgeon-in-chief
of division in the Fifteenth Armv Corps
and of the district of Memphis. Was eleeted'to Con
gress as a Republican.
Jas. W. Wadsworth, of Geneseo, X. Y., was
elected to fill a vacancy caused bv the election of
Hon. E. G. Lapham to the Senate. '
Mr. Wadsworth is a son of the late General Jas.
S. Wadsworth, killed in the Wilderness campaign
in 1864, and served upon his father's staff for a short
time during the early part of the war. Has held
various State offices, and elected to Congress as a
C. C. Matson, of Greencastle, Ind., was born
April 25, 1811 ; enlisted as a private in the Sixteenth
Indiana infantry (Seventy-first volunteers), serving
until October, I860, through various grades, up to
that of colonel of the latter regiment. After the
war studied law, and has since practiced his pro
fession, having been several times elected prosecut
ing attorney of different courts in his native State.
Was elected to Congress as a Democrat.
John William Caldwbll, of Russellvillc, was
born at Russellvillc, Kentucky, January 15, 1838;
entered the rebel army September 20, 1861, as a
captain ; was promoted to major, lieutenant-colonel,
and colonel of the Ninth Kentucky regiment of
infantry, General John C Breckinridge's brigade,
and served with that brigade during the entire war;
was elected to the Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, and
and Forty-seventh Congresses as a Democrat.
Charles Bryson Si.monton, of Covington, was
born in Tipton county, Tennessee, September 8, 1638;
graduated at Erskine College, South Carolina, in
August, 1859 ; enlisted as a private in the rebel
service in April, 1861; was subsequently elected
second lieutenant, and afterward captain; was
severely wounded at the battle of Perryville, Oc
tober 8, 1862, and disabled from any further active
duty during the war; was a member of the House
of Representatives of Tennessee in 1S77 and 1878;
at one time edited a paper published at Covington,
Tennessee; and was elected to Congress as a Demo
crat. George C. Cabell, of Danville, Virginia, was
born January 25, 1837 ; commenced the practice of
law at Danville in 1853; April 23, 1861, he volun
terred as a private soldier in the rebel army ; was
commissioned major in June, 1861, by Governor
Letcher, and assigned to the Eighteenth Virginia
infantry, Colonel Withers, Pickett's divLson, Long
street's Corps ; participated in most of the battles
fought by that portion of the Army of Northern
Virginia to whieh he was attached; was twice
wounded, and left the army at the close of the war
with the rank of colonel ; after the war, returned
to the practice of his profession ; was elected to the
Forty-fourth and Forty-fifth Congresses, and was
ro-elected to the Forty-sixth and Forty-seventh
Congresses as a Democrat.
L. C. Latham, of Greenville, North Carolina,
was born at Plymouth, in that State, in 18-10 ; grad
uated at the North Carolina University in 1859;
then attended law school at Harvard University,
Massachusetts. He entered the rebel army in 1861,
and was made captain and afterwards major of the
First North Carolina regiment. He surrendered at
Appomattox; and was elected to Congress as a
Benton McMillin, of
was born in Kentuckv in
1845; commenced the
practice of the law in Tennessee in 1871; held
various State offices, and was elected to Congress as
COMMITTEE OS PENSIONS.
Bexjamix F. Marsh, of Warsaw, Illinois, was
elected to the Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, and Forty
seventh Congresses as a Republican. He served in
the Union army during the war.
W. P. Hepburn', of Clarinda, Iowa, was born
in Ohio in 1633, and removed to Iowa in 1840, where
in 1856 he was elected prosecuting attorney, and
subsequently to various other State offices. He
entered the Union army in August, 1861, as captain
of Company B, Second Iowa cavalry ; was promoted
to major in November following, and to lieutenant
colonel of the regiment in 1863 ; served on the staff
of Major-General Rosecrans in 1862-63 as judge
advocate of the Army of the Mississippi, and for a
time of the Army of the Cumberland ; later as in
spector 01 cavalry in the Army of the Cumberland,
and iu the winter and spring of 1863-'64 commanded
the Second brigade cavalry division, Sixteenth
Army Corps ; was elected to Congress as a Rennb
lican. T. M. Rice, of Booneville, Missouri, was bora
at Mecca, Ohio, in 1829 ; his early life was spent en
a farm; was admitted to the bar in 1S54, and in
1858 removed to Missouri ; served during the war
in the Union army, which he entered in 1S61 as
first lieutenant, attached to the Fifteenth Army
Corps, and was mustered out as colonel in 1S65 ; was
elected to Congress as a Greenback Republican.
E. F. Stone, of Newburyport, Massachusetts,
graduated at Harvard in 1843, aud commenced
the practice of the law in 1847; has served in both
branches of his State Legislature, and in the war of
the rebellion, commanded the Forty-eighth Massa
chusetts volunteer militia, during its term of service.
Was elected to Congress as a Republican.
George W. Steele, of Marion, Indiana, was
born in 1839; studied law and was admitted to
the bar in February, 1861 . Enlisted in Companv H,
Eighth Indiana infantry, April 22, 1861. Was com
mLssioned first lieutenant Twelfth Indiana infan
try September. 1862, captain One Hundred and
First Indiana, September, 1S62, major, February,
1863, and lieutenant-colonel, but not mustered, the
regiment being below the minimum. His first
year's service was in the Eastern army, the last
three in the Army of the Cumberland. After the
close of the war he was commissioned first lieu
tenant in the Fourteenth United States Infantry,
and appointed regimental quartermaster in 1868.
Resigned, to take effect February 1, 1876. Was
elected to Congress as a Republican.
G. W. Webber, of Ionia, Mich., was born in
Vermont, in 1825. Is, by occupation, a business
man, engaged in farming, lumbering, manufactur
ing, mercantile pursuits, and banking. Elected to
Congress as a Republican.
Abiiam Fulkekson, of Bristol, Virginia, law
yer by profession, and served in the rebel army
during the war. Elected to Congress as a Read
justee Goldsmith W. Hkwitt, of Alabama, was born
in 1834; admitted to the bar in 1856; entered
the rebel army in June, 1661, as a private ; promoted
to captain in 1862 ; wounded at Chickamaugua, and
elected to the present Congress as a Democrat.
W. R. Cox, of Raleigh, North Carolina, is a
lawyer by profession and a planter by occupation.
He entered the rebel army early in the war as
major of the Second North Carolina, and by suc
cessive promotions became brigadier general, and
commanded his division in the last charge at Appo
mattox. Was elected to Congress as a Democrat.
W. E. Robinson, of Brooklyn, N. Y., was born
In Ireland, and came to the United States in
1836. Entered Yale College and graduated in the
school of law. Became a writers over tho signa
ture of "Richelieu" for various papers ; and in 1854
was admitted to the New York bar and practiced
his profession. In 1666 he was elected to Congress
as a Democrat, and as a Democrat also elected to
the present Congress.
J. H. Burrows, of Cainsville, Mo., was born
at Manchester, England, in 18-10. Was educated as
Quincy, Illinois, and KLeokjik, Iowa; has been a
merchant and Baptist minister and a farmer ; was
a member of State Legislature in 1870-74, also 1878
80. Was eleefcjd to Congress as a Greenback Republican.