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THE NATIONAL TRIBUTE: WASHINGTON, D. C, JANUARY 7, 18S2.
A WINTER'S NIGHT,
The air is numb and dead with cold,
My footsteps crash and crush the snow,
My beard cracks frozen, and I behold
My breath like smoke, yet on I go.
How hushed and restful lies the land!
The moon lights up old pine trees round,
Longing for friencHy death they stand,
And point with branches to the ground.
Frost, freeze my heart too ! In my breast
Freeze the rclellious heats and pains,
That once even there, even there be rest,
As here on these nocturnal plains.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
"Washington, D. C.
Correspondence is solicited to this column. Commu
nications addressed to the Rural Department of The
National Tribune, 615 Fifteenth Street, "Washington,
D. C, will be appreciated.
The conductor of Rural Topics is very desirous
that the publisher of The National Tribune
should he placed in possession of the address of
either the Master, Secretary, or Lecturer of each
and every Subordinate Grange, so that a copy of
the paper may be furnished for perusal by its
members. It is proposed to make the paper a
welcome visitor to the home of every member of
the Order, and the Rural Topics column will, if
possible, be kept up to the progressive plane of
other departments of the paper.
Pyrethrum as ax Insecticide (continued).
2. Application of Pyrethrum in Fumes. The pow
der burns freely, giving off considerable smoke
and an odor which is not unpleasant. It will
burn more slowly when made into cones by wet
ting and molding. In a closed room the fumes
from a small quantity will soon kill or render
inactive ordinary flies and mosquitoes and will
be found a most convenient protection against
these last where no bars are available. A series
of experiments made under our direction indi
cates that the fumes affect all insects, but most
quickly those of soft and delicate structure.
This method is impracticable on a large scale
in the field but will be found very effective
against insects infesting furs, feathers. herbaria,
books, &c. Sucli can easily be got rid of by en
closing the infested objects in a tight box or case
and then fumigating them. This method will
also prove useful in greenhouses, and, with suit
able instruments, we see no reason why it should
not be applied to underground pests that attack
the roots of plants.
3. Alcoholic Extract of Pyrcthrum Powder. The
extract is easily obtained by taking a flask fitted
with a cork and a long and vertical glass tube.
Into this flask the alcohol and Pyrethrum are
introduced and heated over a steam tank or other
apparatus. The distillate, condensing in the ver
tical tube, runs back, and, at the end of an hour
or two the alcohol may be drained off and the
extract is ready for use. Another method of ob
taining the extract is by repercolation after the
manner prescribed in the American Pharmaco
poeia. The former method seems to more thor
oughly extract the oil than the latter; at least
we found that the residuum of a quantity of Py
rethruni from which the extract was obtained by
repercolation had not lost a great deal of power.
The first method is apparently more expensive
than the other, but the extract is in either case
more expensive than the other preparations,
though very conveniently preserved and han
dled. The extract may be greatly diluted with water
and then applied by means of any atomizer.
Professor E. A. Smith of Tuscaloosa, Ala., found
that, diluted with water, at the rate of one part
of the extract to fifteen of water, and sprayed on
the leaves, it kills cotton worms that have come
in contact with the solution in a few minutes.
The mixture in the proportion of one part of the
extract to twenty parts of water was equally
efficacious, and even at the rate of one to forty it
killed two-thirds of the worms upon which it
was sprayed in fifteen or twenty minutes, and the
remainder were subsequently disabled. In still
weaker solution, or at the rate of one to fifty, it
loses in efficacy, but still kills some of the worms
and disables others. Professor Smith experi
mented with the extract obtained by distillation,
and other series of experiments with the same
method was carried on last year by Professor E.
"W. Jones, of Oxford, Miss. He diluted his ex
tract with twenty times its volume of water and
applied it by means of an atomizer on the cotton
worm and the boll worm with perfect success.
Mr. E. A Schwarz tried, last summer, the extract
obtained by repercolation and found that ten
drachms of the extract, stirred up in two gallons
of water and applied by means of Whitman's
fountain pump was sufficient to kill all cotton
worms on the plants. Four drachms of the ex
tract to the same amount of water was sufficient
to kill the very young worms.
4. Pyrethrum in simple water solution. So far as
our experiments go, this method is by far the
simplest, most economical and efficient. The
bulk of the powder is most easily dissolved in
water, to which it at once inparts the insecticide
power. No constant stirring is necessary and
the liquid is to be applied in the same manner
as the diluted extract The finer the spray in
which the fluid is applied the more economical is
its use and the greater the chance of reaching
every insect on the plant. Experiments with
Pyrethrum in this form shows that 200 grains of
powder stirred up in two gallons of water is
amply sufficient to kill the cotton worms, except
a very few full-grown ones, but that the same
mixture is not sufficiently strong for many other
insects, as the boll worm, the larva of the Terias
nicippe and such species as are protected by dense,
long hairs. Young cotton worms can be killed
by 25 grains of the powder stirred up in two
quarts of water.
The Pyrethrum water.is most efficacious when
first made and loses power the longer it is kept.
The powder gives the water a light greenish color
which, after several hours, changes to a light
brown. On the third day a luxuriant growth of
fungus generally develops in the vessel containing
the liquid, and its efficacy is then considerably
lessened. (To be continued next week.)
Ensilage-Silos. At a recent meeting of
farmers in Massachusetts Mr. Ware, of Mar
blehead,gave an account of his experience. He
said he had built a silo this year and had put in
about 100 tons of ensilage, the product of four
acres of fodder corn, and three acres of heavy
rowen, and he was now feeding it to his cattle.
His silo, Avith the machinery to run it perfectly,
had cost about S000. The result of his observa
tion and experience was, that six cows could be
wintered on the products of a single acre, under
the silo system, whereas it took the products of
two acres of grass to winter one cow under the
olds.ystem. He Avas now feeding ten coavs, four
calves three months old, six horses, and a dozen
or more SAvine, substantially on ensilage. The
coavs giving milk had in addition two quarts of
cotton-seed meal a day. Some of his horses
had a little hay besides the ensilage, and they
Avere all thriving and doing well. His coavs had
increased the yield of milk since he put them on
ensilage. He felt that it AA'as no longer an experi
ment, but a complete success. He thought far
mers could not afford to buy hay, at the present
high prices, and if they kept stock, they must
resort to this neAV system if they wanted to carry
on their business profitably. There Avas no diffi
culty, he thought, in groAving -10 tons of fodder
to the acre.
Selection of Coavs. Dr. E. L. SturteArant,
who is a close observer and does his own think
ing, remarks that in every herd of cows there
are animals which differ Avidely among them
selves in their adaptability for profit. Each
animal has a different digestive power, different
tastes, different aptitudes from e-ery other
animal. In one animal increase of food may
result in the laying on of flesh rather than in
crease of quantity of milk yield, or, vice versa,
one animal may keep up a uniform yield of milk
under a considerable change of food, while
another animal shall respond in milk yield to
slight changes in food. The owner who care
fully studies the aptitude of each coav in his
herd ATill usually bo able to point out such coavs
as can more profitably be forced by high reeding
into large yield of milk. As there exists this indi-A-idual
difference between cows in utilizing such
food as they obtain, it follows that as a herd is
usually constituted some cows are kept at a
profit and certain other coavs at a diminished
profit, or at a loss.
Soil Analyses. One duty often assigned to
the agricultural chemist by those Aho knoAV little
either of chemistry or agriculture is to " analyze
the soil," as if the chemical analysis of the soil
would determine eA'ery question of its agricul
tural capabilities, the kind, amount, and quality
of the crops it would raise. In the early history
of the science, analysis of certain barren soils re
vealed the cause of the barrenness in the sul
phate of iron present. When this was remoA'ed
or decomposed by lime, the soil was fruitful. A
few instances of this kind gave great hopes of
benefit from soil analysis. But such instances of
barrenness from purely chemical causes are rare
and exceptional. "" "- But it is often found
that the most careful chemical analysis will not
distinguish betAveen a fertile and a barren soil.
One reason is that the barrenness may be due to
physical causes, e. g., want of drainage. Chemical
analysis can only determine the chemical condi
tions of the soil, and will not always reveal phys
ical eA-ils. Agricultural chemists now regard
the analysis of the soil as of only secondary im
portance. One duty of the chemist is to explain the facts
which are already knoAvn in agriculture. By
knowing the reason Avhy we do a thing Ave may
discover better ways of doing it, or that some
other and easier process may accomplish the
same result. We thus sift our processes and
eliminate needless elements or introduce better
But there is another benefit of knowing the
reason of our actions. When the mind compre
hends and watches the Avonderful chemical pro
cesses which are ahvays going on in earth, in air,
and in the growing crop, the body forgets half
the weariness of toil. Nothing is so wearisome
as work Avithout thought. It is a mere drudgery ,
and every man, and especially eA'ery boy hates it.
Let the boy know that in handling the hoe, hold
ing the ploAv, in harrowing and cultivating, he is
providing the conditions of Avonderful chemical
changes. Let him understand these changes, the
chemistiy of plant-groAvth, of ripening of grains
and fruits, Avhy the bitter and austere apple of
July becomes the golden pippin of September.
Let such thoughts fill his brain, and the Aveariness
of the body is forgotten. Glorified and loATing
nature walks by his side in the fields of toil, un
folding her Avonderful mysteries, and loneliness
and discontent have fled.
Farmers Should Organize. A mutual in
terchange of ideas, an intelligent co-operative
action on the part of those whose interests are
identical, is much needed. Farmers must move
with the age keep up with the other professions
not years behind. IndiA'idual effort can accom
plish but little. Organization is Avhat moves
the world. Combinations of capitalists go be
fore legislatures and get all they ask, or prevent
Avhat they do not desire. Were Ave farmers ever
known to organize and ask the legislature for
special privileges, or to prevent the enactment
of class laws against our interests? Farmers
should not be legal food for other organizations
to feed upon, Avithout preparing to devour in
return for self-protection. They can at least be
just to others, and at the same time generous to
themselves, if they Avill but combine and Avork
together for their interests as other classes do.
The more intelligence, the more successful and
better -will the organization be. Agricultural
papers are doing much to stimulate and build up
the industrial interests of the State, and they
should be encouraged and sustained; but "aface-to-fdce
talk" will do more good in an hour to
educate and impress upon the mind facts and
principles than all the articles read in a paper
during the year. Hence, farmers should organ
ize, give their experience to each other, read,
talk, counsel, advise, become more intelligent,
and be better prepared to govern and direct the
affairs of State and Nation.
Natural Objects. To define the differences
between the pleasures derivable from the works
of nature and those of man, is a difficult subject.
Natural objects are common and obA'ious,and are
imbued Avith a habitual and universal interest,
Avithout being vulgar. Familiarity with them
does not breed contempt, as it does in the works
of man. They form an ideal class ; their repeated
impression on the mind, in as many different cir
cumstances, groAvs up into a sentiment. The
reason is, that Ave refer them generally and col
lectively to ourselves as links and mementos of
our various being ; Avhereas, Ave refer the works
of art respectively to those by AA'hom they are
made, or to AA'hom they belong. This distracts
the mind in looking at them, and gives a petty
and unpoetical character to what Ave feel relating
Heating Poavers of Woods. The folloAving
is given as the relative values of different kinds
of American Avood: Shellbark hickory being
taken as the higest standard, 100; pig-nut, 95;
White oak, 84; Avhite ash, 77; dog-AVOod, 75;
scrub-oak, 73; Avhite hazel, 72; apple tree, 70;
red oak, G9; Avhite beach, 65; black Avalnut, 6G;
black birch, 02; yellow oak, 60; hard maple, 59;
AA-hite elm, 58; red ceder, 56; Avild cherry, 55;
yellow pine, 44 ; chestnut, 52 ; yelloAV poplar, 52 ;
butternut, 51; birch, 49; white pine, 42. Some
woods are softer and lighter than others, the
hard and heavier kinds haATing their fibers more
densely packed together. But the same species of
wood may vary in density, according to the con
ditions of its groAvth. Those Avoods which groAV
in forests, or in rich, wet grounds, are less consol
idated than such as stand in open fields, or groAV
slowly upon dry soils. There are two stages in
the burning of Avood : in the first, the heat comes
chiefly from flame, in the secomd from red-hot
coals. Soft Avoods are much more active in the
first stage than hard, and hard Avoods more active
in the second stage than soft. The soft Avoods
burn with a voluminous flame, and leave but
little coal, while the hard woods produce less
flame and yield a larger mass of coal.
Planting Trees. The following is an extract
taken from a small Avork called " The Complete
English Gardener," printed in London in 1682.
The accumulated experience of the tAVO centu
ries Avhich have passed since it was written can
add but little of value to the adA-ice given :
" Let not your apple or pear trees stand nearer
then 20 feet, although the ground be poor ; but
in good ground, 25, 30, or 40 feet asunder, and, in
so doing, one tree Avill be as good as two or three;
but if any shall think this distance too much,
then they may plant cherries and plumb trees
amongst. I mean a cherry or plumb tree between
every four apple or pear trees. Take notice, that
if you observe this order, your cherry trees will
be past the best in twenty years' time, AA'hich, if
they be then stocked up, your apple trees will be
in very handsome posture; if your ground be
very Avet, it Avill be Avorth your labor to make
some sufficient drains to drain the water to some
pond or ditch; also, if your ground be not good
or rich of itself, it Avill be your best course to be
stoAv a quantity of good mould to every tree; for,
according to the goodness of the ground, or cost
you bestoAV, you may expect your profit. Take
notice, that dung is not good toiaj1" next the roots
of your trees, except it be converted to mould,
but then it is better being mixed AA'ith earth. You
are also to prune the tops of every tree you
plant, the neglect whereof doth sometimes occasion
the loss of your trees; if your trees be small, and
are well rooted, then you may top them the less ;
butifof a considerable size, take off the more of his
head, there will be theless danger of miscarriage;
and, in planting, spread the roots, and let your tree
stand as shallow as you may conveniently, and
in ease any roots do incline too much downward,
then lay them so as to spread near the upper crust
of the ground, Avhere the roots receiA'e speediest
virtue both from the sun and showers, only you
are to have a little care of them the first year, in
case of a dry spring or summer; and, in such a
case, it Avill be Avell Avorth your labor to lay a lit
tle horse litter, or the like stuff, round about
the tree the compass of the.root, and in so doing,
one Avatering will be better than two or three
Maturation of Fruits. The maturation, as
it is called, or the SAveetening of winter fruits,
Avhen stored up for their preserA'ation in straAV, is
the result of a true fermentation. Unripe apples
and pears contain a considerable amount of starch,
which becomes converted into sugar by the nitro
genous constituent of the juice passing into a
state of decomposition, and transmitting its own
mutations to the particles of starch in contact
Avith it. Liehig.
Sweet Bay Tree. The SAveetBay (Laurus
nobilis) was very highly prized by the ancient
Greeks and Romans. It is, therefore, a classic
plant. It Avas the emblem of victory, and the
victorious Avere crowned Avith it; it also formed
the chief adornment to their great poets, hence
the title -poet-laureate. The most eminent of
the Caisars wore it almost continually ; and such
Avasits celebrity, that a sprig of it popularly be
stoAved Avas looked upon as a high honor. It is a
native of Italy and Greece. Its leaves are ever
green, diffuse an agreeable odor when bruised,
andhaA'e a pleasant aromatic, slightly bitter taste.
The dried figs which are imported are usually
packed with these leaATes. The plant is tendei
north of latitude 38, but is a fine shrub for the
conservatory in Avinter.
Keeping Grapes. By the use of strong ma
nilla paper bags, grapes may be kept on the vines
in splendid condition long after the season for
grapes out of doors has gone by. Passing through
the vines, October 31st, three Aveeks after the
frosts compelled me to gather the crop, and after
the leaves had all fallen, I found a few clusters
protected by bags, that had been overlooked, be
neath the leaves. Clusters of the Lady grape
were slightly faded, and the quality not im
proved. The Brighton appeared as fresh, bright,
and beautiful as I ever saw it, with bloom un
disturbed, the color a dark rich maroon. I have
never eaten such rare specimens of this fine
grape, and yet the freezing had been severe.
They Avere the nearest approach to a raisin I ever
saAV on Arines. The juices near the skin had con
densed, and there was a temptation to cheAV the
skin to secure the rare flaA'or. It Avould seem
that by the use of such stout paper bags Ave may
keep grapes on the vines several Aveeks later than
other Avise would be possible, and that in this way
Ave may enjoy ripe specimens of kinds that other
AA'ise would not mature. Green's Fruit Grower.
California Big Things. The big pump
kins of California have acquired a Avorld-Avide
reputation not unlike that enjoyed by the sea
serpent. The unprejudiced observer, hoAvever.
readily appreciates the fact that Avhen a Avell
organized pumpkin has ten month's time to groAV
instead of three or four, it has every reason to
give a corresponding account of its steAvardship.
But while a laudable ambition to excel may re
sult in the production of three-hundred-pound
pumpkins, it is but fair to say they are not the
rule; being inconvenient to handle, and, like
other organisms exceeding a certain age, inclined
to be hard and tough. The same is true of mam
moth beets, carrots, and turnips, which, when
left out in the field during a mild Avinter, con
tinue incontinently to grow and develop until
the time comes to put in another crop. The
same may be stated in regard to monstrous
fruits; the large California pears being often
times tasteless, and are discarded as being unfit
to eat by those who are accustomed to the care
fully groAvn and smaller, although infinitely
higher flavored fruits Avhich have been produced
in cooler climates.
Insect-eating Birds. A speaker at the
annual meeting of the Illinois State Horticul
tural, summed up his observations on the food
of Illinois birds as follows: In the orchard in
fested by the canker-AVorm, 64 per cent, of the
birds and 60 per cent, of the species Avere found
eating them. Forty-five per cent, of the food of
all the birds taken together consisted of the
worms. They constituted 40 per cent, of the
food of the robin, 23 per cent, of the food of the
brown thrush, 60 per cent, of that of the blue
bird, 75 per cent, of that of the chickadee, 66 per
cent, of that of the summer Avarbler, 100 per
cent, of that of the cedar bird, and similarly
large proportions of the food of the grosbeak,
indigo bird, bunting, orchard oriole, king bird,
red-headed Avoodpecker, and cuckoo. The most
useful bird in an orchard is the cedar bird, and
the next the black-throated bunting, Avhich made
up in numbers what it lacked in exclusive devo
tion to the worms. The usefulness of the thrush
and the blue bird Avas Aery considerably impaired
by their attacks upon carniverous beetles, Avhich
made 15 per cent, of their food. It was proved
that the beetles take about 16 per cent, of their
food from the canker Avorms.
Best Time to Paint. Experiments shoAv
that paint on surfaces exposed to the sun will be
much more durable if applied in autumn or
spring, than if put on in hot weather. In coM
weather it dries siOAAiy, forms a hard, glossy coat,
tough, like glass; while, if applied in warm
weather, the oil strikes into the wood, leaving
the paint so dry that it is rapidly beaten off by
Vegetable Manures. There are numerous
plants employed for ploAving under in the green
state for manures. -Vhile these are not so ener
getic in their action as are animal manures, yet
they are invaluable as a cheap means of reno
Aating wornout lands where other manures are
not available. Clover is one of the main crops
grown for this purpose, but there are soils so
poor as to be unfitted to grow clover indeed
the soil is already in good condition when it
brings a good crop of clover. Clover is there
fore to be employed as a green manure in keep
ing up the fertility of a soil that is previously
fertile rather than a means of bringing a poor
soil into a fertile state. On poor, wornout,
gravelly soils, where clover could not exist,
recourse must be had to other crops, and of
these rye is one of the best; buckwheat Avill
also produce a good turning-in crop on ex
tremely light, sandy soils. Green manures of
this kind not only add fertilizing substances to
the soil, but they also improve its physical
character. A light soil is someAvhat consolidated
and rendered more retentive of moisture, while
a stiff soil is melloAved and loosened. After two
or three of these green crops have been turned
under the soil will be able to bear more A'aluable
crops. Clover may then be introduced, and when
a good crop of this forage plant can be secured
and plowed under, the land may be kept in good
condition if judiciously cropped.
There are but few soils so poor that they can
not be improved by this method of green manur
ing. Kye Avill groAV during the fall and early
spring on land so poor and thin that it could
not support a crop of anything green during the
dry and warm summer months. This is an ad
vantage which rye has above all plants that are
merely annuals. Fast-growing grasses may also
be soAvn in the fall for plowing under in spring.
Of these the Italian rye grass is perhaps the
best. The primary object is to secure a growth
during the cool months of the year to begin
with, and this growth being turned under in
spring will enable an immediate sowing of
another crop to make sufficient progress so as to
furnish another manuring by midsummer. In
this manner a start towards improvement by
green manuring can be made on the poorest soils.
Ink Spots. If soaked in warm milk before the
ink has a chance to dry, the spot may usually be
removed. If it has dried in, rub table salt
upon it, and drop lemon juice upon the salt.
White soap diluted Avith vinegar is likeAvise a
good thing to take out ink spots.
Bread Making. Complaint is often made
that flour made from spring wheat is very slow
to " rise."' Breadmakers can " hurry up " the flour
by kneading in a little butter Avith it.
Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
Thomas Jlaynes Bayly.
Sorrows remembered sweeten present joys.
Pollok's Course of Time.
In her first passion woman loves her lover;
In all the others, all she loves is love. Byron.
A man's best things are nearest him,
Lie elose about his feet.
Richard Monckton Jlilens.
This Claim House Estab
lished in 1865!
GEOEGE E. LEMON,
OFFICESjGlo Fifteenth St., (Citizens' National Bank,)
WASHINGTON, D. C.
P. O. Drawer 325.
If wounded, injured, or have contracted any disease,
however slight the disability, apply at mce. Thousands
"Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fathers,
and minor brothers and sisters, iii the order named, are
War of 1812.
All surviving officers and soldiers of this war, whether
in the Military or Naval service of the United States, who
served fourteen (li) days; or, if in a battle or skirmish,
for a less period, and the widows of such who have not
remarried, are entitled to a pension of eight dollars a
month. Proof of loyalty is no longer required in these
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more literal now than formerly, and
many are noAV entitled to a higher rate than they receive.
From and after January, 1881, 1 shall make no charges
for my services in claims for increase of peivsion, where no
new disability is alleged, unless successful in procuring
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped from the
pensien roll, or whose names have been stricken there
from by reason of failure to draw their pension for a pe
riod of three years, or by reason of re-enlistment, may
have their pensions renewed by corresponding Avith this
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in another,
is not a bar to pension in cases where the wound, disease,
or injury was incurred while in the service of the United
States, and in the line of duty.
Survivors of all wars from 1790, to March 3, 1855. and
certain heirs are entitled to one hundred and sixty acres
of land, if not already received. Soldiers of the late war
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest mar
ket rates, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War.
Bation money promptly collected.
Amounts clue collected without unnecessary delay.
Luch claims ;annct be collected without Hie furlough.
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims Oj. this character promptly attended to. Many
claims of this character have been erroneously rejected.
Correspondence in such cases is respectfully invited.
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in States
not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special attention,
provided thev were filed before January 1, 1880. If not
filed prior to that date they are barred by statute of limi
tation. In addition to the above we prosecute Military and
Naval claims of every description, procure Patents.Trade
Marks. Copvrights, attend to business before the General
Land Office and other Bureaus of the Interior Depart
ment, and all the Departments of the Government-
"We invite correspondence from all interested, assuring
them of the utmost promptitude, energy, and thorough
ness in all matters intrusted to our hands.
GEORGE E. LEMON.
As this may reach the hands of some persons unac
quainted with this House, we append hereto, as speci
mens of the testimonials in our possession, copies of let
ters from several gentlemen of Political and Military
distinction, and widely knoAvn throughout the United
Belvibere, III., October 24, 1875.
I take great pleasure in recommending Captain Georgx
E. Lemon, now of "Washington, D. C, to all persons who
may have claims to settle or other business to prosecute
before the Departments at "Washington. I know him to
he thoroughly qualified, well acquainted with the laws,
and with Department rules in all matters growing'out
of the late war, especially in the Paymaster's and Quar
termaster's Offices. I have had occasion to employ him
for friends of mine, also, in the soliciting of Patents, and
have found him very active, well-informed and success
ful. As a gallant officer during the war, and an hon
orable and successful practitioner, I recommend him
strongly to all who may need his services.
S. A. HURLBUT, M..C,
Fourth Congressional District, Illinois.
Late Major-General, UfS. Vols.
Citizens' National Bask,
"Washington, D. C, January 17, 1879.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and agent for th
collection of war claims at Washington city is a thor
ough, able, and exceedingly well-informed man of busi
ness, of high character, and entirely responsible. I be
lieve that the interests of all having war claims requiring
adjustment cannot be confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CRESWELL,
W. F. ROACH,
House op Representatives,
"Washington, D. C, Mar.ch , 1875.
FromseA'eral years' acquaintance with Captain George
E, Lemon of this city, I cheerfully .commend him as ft
gentleman of integrity and worth, and well qualified to
attend to the collection of Bounty and other claimf
against the Government. His experience in that lint
give him superior advantages.
"W. P. SPRAGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRA"WBRIDGE, M. C,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
House op Representatives,
"Washington, D. C, March 1, 1878.
"We, the undersigned, having an acquaintance with
Captain George E. Lemon for the past few years, and a
knowledge of the systematic manner in which he con
ducts his extensive business and of his reliability for fail
and honorable dealings connected therewith, cheerfully
commend him to claimants generally.
A. V. RICE, Chairman,
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Reps.
"W. F. SLEMONS. M. C,
Seeond District of Ark.
W. P. LYNDE, M. C,
Fourth District of Wis.
R. "W. TOWNSHEND, M. C,
Nineteenth District of III.
J!3r Any person desiring information as to my stand
ing and responsibility will, on request, be furnished with
a satisfactory reference in his vicinity or Congressional
George E. Lemon, Att'yatLaw,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Send sketch or model for Preliminary Examination
and Opinion as to Patentability, for which No Charge
is made. If reported patentable, no charge for servicea
Unless Successful. Send for Pamphlet of Instructions.
ESTABLISHED IK" 1865.