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THE NATIONAL TBIBUNE: WASHINGTON, X. C, JANXTABY 7, 1882
TRIAL OF THE ASSASSIN.
On the 10th ulto. the court met as usual, but
owing to the death of the wife of Mr. Hobbs, one
of the jurors, was adjourned over until Wednes
day. Mr. Hobhs Was permitted to go to his
home, accompanied by a bailiff.
On Wednesday, the 21st, the court convened at
ten o'clock, and Dr. McLean Hamilton was re
called, and his cross-examination proceeded with,
but developed no new features in the case.
Dr. Worcester, of Boston, whose examination
on the part of the defence was commenced some
weeks ago, and closed abruptly, because he in
sisted on Mr. Scoville defining what he meant, in
one of his questions, by the word " inspiration,''
was called to the witness stand on the part of
the prosecution. He stated, in reply to questions
by the District Attorney, that he nad examined
the prisoner at the jail, and that he had been also
in daily attendance at the court room for several
weeks past, and had carefully watched the pris
oner's conduct during that time, and heard what
he said ; he thought he was sane.
The Prisoner. How much pay do you expect
to get" for that opinion, Doctor? I think that is
worth about $500. If you go to Corkhill he will
give you a little slip for that amount. I am sure
I do not think the opinion is worth one snap to
this jury: but probably Corkhill will pay you
$500 for it
The witness was asked whether, assuming these
propositions contained in a hypothetical question
put to be true, the prisoner was sane or insane
on the 2d of July last?
The Prisoner (interrupting) Allow me to say
right here, that Colonel Corkhill has made a very
clear outward statement of the transaction, but
what does he know about the spiritual pressure
on me? The act is a matter for the Lord and fbr
this jury and the court and me to pass upon.
Here is this quartette the Lord, and the Court,
and the jury, and me. That is a mere outward
statement of the transaction. The spiritual
causes forcing me to act are entirely unstated.
The Witness (replying to the question) In my
opinion he was sane.
The witness was further examined as to his
change of opinion on the question of insanity,
and said, it had been caused by his observation
and examination of the prisoner.
Thursday. The first witness examined was Dr.
Theodore Damon, of Auburn, X. Y. He stated
that he had been summoned to testify for the
defense. For two years up to June last he had
been superintendent of the asylum for insane
criminals at Albany. He had made a personal
examination of the prisoner; had noticed the
prisoner in court, and had heard his testimony.
From personal examination and observation of
the prisoner, was of the opinion that the prisoner
The District Attorney then propounded to the
witness a hypothetical question, assuming to be
true all the evidence brought forward by the
prosecution, and asked the opinion of the witness
as to the sanity of the prisoner at the tinie of the j
shootinjr of President Garfield
The Witness It is my opinion that he was
The Prisoner On the theory that what he
says is correct; but it is incorrect, and your
opinion is of no account. The trouble with that
is, that two-thirds of it is false.
The cross-examination was without incident.
Upon re-direct examination the witness being
asked the reason for his conclusion that prisoner
was sane, stated that his conclusion was based
upon his examination of the prisoner and from
his testimony. Witness saw nothing in the pris
oner that was not the result of his natural char
acter, early 'training, and the life he had led.
By the Court Yon have been asked whether
a man might be impelled, to the commission of
an act he knew to be wrong by an insane delu
sion. Could he be so impelled without an insane
delusion by an irresistible impulse to do what
The Witness I suppose that takes place in a
fit of passion, where there is no deliberation, and
where up to the moment of the act the person
knew what was right and wrong.
Can there be any sane irresistible impulse in
the absence of a delusion?
The Witness In the absence of an express de
lusion there may be, but my own belief is that
there exists an unexpressed delusion in the misd
of the actor.
The Prisoner These experts, allow me to say,
are high-toned, respectable "men : but, with all
say that they hang more correcting j
-as many men as the doctors kill,
There is no question about General Garfield be-
ing alive to-day, whatever my motive might have I
been, if the doctors had not killed him. But the
Lord allowed the doctors to finish the work I be
gan because he wanted him to go ; and he did
not go before his time anyway. IVe have all got
to go ; it is a question of time.
At this point D. McLean Shaw wras recalled by
Mr. Scoville and the witness was greeted by the
prisoner with This is the man who told the lie
about Booth. AVe have your record, Shaw, over (
there in New Jersey, where you were indicted
1 z "VT T t 1 i t
for perjury. You only got off on a technical
He was cross-examined regarding an alleged
charge of perjury upon which he had been tried
After he had made an explanation ef the cir-
cumstanceSj under permission, of the Court he was
discharged, no new facts having been brought out. j
Thursday, Mr. Chas. H. Reed, of Chicago, en
tered the case as assistant counsel.
The first witness put upon the stand was Wm.
A. Edwards, of Brooklyn, N. Y., who testified to
having heard prisoner say to Mr. Shaw that he,
Guiteau, intended to become notorious like Booth. !
Mr. Keed then cross-examined the witness:
The conversation occurred about the 2d of March,
1872, in the morning, before 11 o'clock. Mr. Shaw
was mistaken when he said so one else was pres
ent during the conversation, but Mr. Shaw is a
very excitable man when on the witness stand.
"Witness was telegraphed for by District Attor
ney Corkhill to appear in this case as a witness.
Witness talked to Mr. Shaw about the conver
sation on the evening of that day. He said that
such talk as Guiteau uttered didn't sound well ;
that people would regard the whole outfit as
bloodthirsty. Shaw said that no one would pay
any attention to what he said ; prisoner often
said queer things; witness always regarded him
as a queer fellow. He was a pretty thorough
liar; spoke of his immense losses by the Chicago
fire; always exaggerated and magnified; he did
many mean things bilked people on every oc
casion. Witness did not attach any importance
to Guiteau's threat of imitating Booth ; believed
him to be too careful of himself to do any such
thing, or anything else to jeopardize him.
uOh, what's the good of keeping this up!"
called out Guiteau, at this juncture. "Every
thing the witness is saying is a lie. My counsel
is too serions on this matter. Let him go. This
thing is a farce. This fellow was nothing but a
clerk in Shaw's ofiice. Do you suppose that I'd
talk to such a numbskull on business. He ain't
no good ; the Court ought to kick him out of the
Mr. Reed remonstrated quietly with Guiteau,
but the latter said: " Oh, you make too much out
of it Give him a kick and let him go! "
By Col. Corkhill The prisoner overheard wit
ness telling Mr. Shaw that his Booth talk sound-
ed bloodthirsty, and told him, witness, that it
was impudent on his part to discuss his conver
sation. Witness has loaned 1 lie prisoner money.
It was never returned.
Guiteau "You never loaned me a cent; you
Dr.S. lLTalford was next called, andtestified: Is
a resident of Middletown, N. Y.; is a physician.
Has made insanity a specialty for seven years. Is
superintendent of the State Homeopathic Asy
lum for the insane. Is a lecturer upon insanity
in the Hahnuemann Medical College of Philadel
phia: has treated over 1,000 cases of insanity.
Has met with cases of insane persons who have
committed and attemped murder. The charac
teristics of that form of insanity are hallucina
tions and great excitement; the patients have
always spoken of their purposes before carrying
or attempting to carry them out; witness has
examined the prisoner personally twice and
watched his movements and manner in the court.
Witness told prisoner that he was an expert ;
found him natural, quiet, pleasant and straight
forward in his statements in the first interview.
In the second, he declined to answer some ques
tions of the witness. Witness, taking all things
into consideration, thought the prisoner was per
fectlysaneonthe2ddayofJuly,whenheinurdered the President; even from the hypothetical case
oi the delense.
Dr. Henry P. Stern testified that he was sup
erintendent of the Retreat for tho Insane at Hart
ford, Conn.: he had attended from 800 to 1,000
cases and had treated cases outside; he examined
the prisoner four times at the jail in reference to
his physical and mental condition.
"I want to say here," interrupted Guiteau.
"that lam not any more insane than Mr. Davidge
is. I won't say anything about Corkhill because
I think he is a crank, but I am not any more in
sane than Mr. Davidge. What I want these ex
perts to say is whether or not I was insane on
the 2d of July and for thirty days before that
time. What do they know about the condition
of my mind at that time? That is what I want
The Witness I went to the prison in company
with Drs. Earl, Callender, and one or two others.
We examined the prisoner first in regard to the
shape of the head, and we noticed the symmetry
of the head. We examined his eyes, and it was
noticed that there was a difference in the size of
the pupils, and that the iris responded more
quickly to the effect of light in one eye than in
the other. We also noticed that there was a
slight deviation in the axis of one of the eyes.
The face was examined. The mouth was ex
amined. The tongue was examined in regard to
its condition, its cleanliness, and whether there
was any tremulousness on the surface. There
was none discovered. It was noticed that there
was a slight deflection of the tongue, on the left
siae, out tnat is not an uncommon tmng. liie
prisoner removed his clothing and undei clothing.
We examined as to his heart. There was found
a slight sou filet, a slight abnormal sound in the
beat of the heart. There was no disease noticed.
The pulse was, on the first occasion, above the
nornml condition eightv-eight beats to the min
ute. On the second occasion it was seventy-eight
or eighty. The prisoner explained that he had
not been well for the last three days, attributing
his feverishness to change of diet, in connection
with the Thanksgiving anniversaiy.
The District Attorney Bid he in those inter
views say anything about his having committed
the murder under the inspiration of the Deity?
The Witness He did. He said that having
done the act under the belief that he was inspired
by God to do it, he was entitled to an acquittal if
the jury believed that hebelieved he was inspired.
I could not take the statement of an individual
under indictment for crime, in itself and by itself,
as an evidence of insanity. From my observa
tions and examinations I think the prisoner is
sane. In the propositions laid down in the hypo
thetical case put by the District Attorney I see
no evidence of insanity.
The cross-examination was continued at great
length, and was rather tedious. Mr. Scoville pro
pounded some questions as to witness' belief in
irresistible impulses, when the prisoner burst
forth again: "When you get into the domain of
spiritelogy yos. are in the dark, Doctor. You
can't tell what kind of a spirit will take posses
sion of a man's mind and impel him to an act.
I don't care about your head or antecedents.
The whole thing rests on the spirit that gets in, to
you. A man may be perfectly insane at the time
of the commission of an act, and an hour after
be sane. (After a pause) I wouldn't go to the
depot again and shoot President Garfield for a
million dollars, from the mind I have on me now
and an hour after the act was committed. And
yet for thirty days prior I would have shot him
j at any time I could. If I knew that I were to
i be shot dead the next minute I could not have
j resisted it. That is all there's to it. I have said
i it about fifty times.
The Court (severely ) Then don't say it again.
The Prisoner I say it because the whole the
ory of the prosecution is ridiculous.
Mr. Scoville stated that he would not be able
to complete his cross-examination of the witness.
nJ3 . 4.1. .. j . n -T- t a . .
aim at me suggestion oi tne .District Attorney,
the court (at 2:55 o'clock) adjourned.
THE NEW YORK SUB-TREASURY.
Thomas C. Acton, the new Assistant United
States Treasurer, took charge of his office January
3d. He appointed Joseph M. Flovd. formerlv
chief clerk in the assay office, as his cashier The
-. . .. i i
sub-treasury was the scene of much activity, oc
casioned by the presence of a committee appoint
ed by Secretary Folger to examine into the ac
counts of the ofiice and to count the money.
This committee consisted of E. O. Graves, chief
j of the Redemption Agency ; H. A. Whitney, as-
sistant cashier of the United States Treasury
, Office, and William B. Morgan, assistant chief of
1 the Public Moneys Division. The committee
reached New York on Saturday, accompanied by
thirteen gentlemen from the Treasury Depart
ment, who were to assist them in their labors.
They begun work about nine o'clock on the morn
ing of the 3d, and were to count about eight hun
dred tons of silver, amounting to about $26,000,
000, of which $16,000,000 is in silver dollars and
the rest in subsidiary coin ; $57,000,000 in gold
and $5,000,000 in United States notes and- silver
certificates. It is thought the labor of the com
mittee will last three weeks.
A BID FOR AN ASSASSIN.
From the New York Tribune, January S, 1ST.").
To the Editor of the Tribune.
Sir : Now that Kellogg proposes to decide who
shall belong to the Louisiana Legislature, and is
backed by the United States army, might not
President Grant better decide who shall belong
to the next Congress, and enforce his decision by
five or six regiments of United States troops, com
manded by that truthful and just man General
Sheridan, and remove all regularly elected mem
bers to make place for the Caseys orDents? If he
insists on fighting it out on this line some one
WILL play BRUTUS TO HIS CESAR without
FAIL, WHICH, BY THE WAY, WOULD BE A GREAT
BLESSING TO THE COUNTRY. J. H. H.
New York, January 7, 1875.
And the paper that published the above is now
fighting the soldiers and eudeavoriug to rob them
of their pensions.
The success which, lias thus far attended our reduction of rates- to One Dol
lar leads us to extend the time until March 31r 1882. ONE DOLLAR mailed
us before March 31 will secure The National Tribute for one year. Seuehon,
your subscriptions at once.
Sample Copies Free -Send For One,.
Tfae National Tribune,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
THE WAR NOT OYER.
The allusion made by several Washington cor
respondent to a recent difficulty between General
S. G. Burbridge and Hon. J. C. S. Blackburn has
only a small modicum of truth. The facts are as
follows: Dr. W. T. Ousley, assistant surgeon of the
Fifth Kentucky cavalry during the war, a modest,
quiet man, called, upon General Burbridge about
the 20th of the month to solicit his intlueuce in
obtaining a clerkship in one of the Depannents.
General Burbridge had known him during the war,
and took quite an interest in assisting him. He also
referred him to the Representative of his (Ousley s)
district, witn auvice 10 can on Jitm ana jisjc lor his i
influence. The following letter from Ousley ex- J
plains the interview that took place at the Capitol. '
On reception of Ousley's letter. General Burbridge, ;
by advice of his friends, wrote Blackburn the letter j
printed below, which lie delivered, in person to a j
doorkeeper at the House, by whom it was at once
handed to Blackburn :
OUSLEY TO BUKBItlDGK.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 20, 1681.
General S. G. Burbridge.
Dear Sir: Having sought your influence to
secure a position in the Government service, be
cause you know my record as a Union man and a
soldier, you suggested 1 had better first see the
Representative from my district in Congress, Hon.
J. C. S. Blackburn. 1 went to him and stated my
wishes, when he told me he would not befriend me
or any one on your recommendation or friendship,
and that his district was dotted over with graves of
men you had murdered during the late war, and
tho fact that you had recommended me would
make him further than ever from aiding me ; that
such had been your course in Kentucky you were
afraid to go or live there. This conversation oc
curred to-day, about 11:30 a. m., in the hall of the
House of liepresentativrs. I was much surprised,
as you had spoken respectfully of him. showing not
the slightest pergonal or political ill-will. I make
this communication to you purely because, after
calm reflection, I think it my duty to do so.
Yours, respectfully, W. T. Ousley.
BURBRIDGE TO BLACKBURN.
Washington, Dec. 21, 1SS1.
Hon. J. C. S. Blackburn, M. C. Seventh District
Sir: The enclosed copy of a commurication from
Dr. W. T. Ousley, late assistant surgeon Fifth Ken
tucky cavalry, was handed me yesterday, and, hay- ;
mg given the subject calm consideration, I am still i
unable to understand why you should be willing to ,
reopen the wounds occasioned by a bloody civil strife j
in which we both bore a part. I hold myself respon-
sible now, as I did at the time to which you so graph- .
icallv allude, to the United States Government. I
whose servant I was, for every act of my adminis
tration of the high ofiice to which I was assigned
by President Lincoln. The graves to which you
refer are hardly sufficiently numerous to dot the
district over, but each is filled, not by a peaceable
citizen of Kentucky nor by a confederate soldier,
but by a nondescript, whose trade was rapine and
murder. So odious were they to confederate officers
that General Lyon, in a letter addressed to me over
his own signature, which I now have, proposed to
me, while I was in command in Kentucky, to fur
nish troops to co-operate with an equal number of
my own men to exterminate the guerrilla bands
that infested the State. General Sherman, in a let
ter written to me on June 24, 1864, styles guerrillas
"murderers and horse thieves," and m 1867, when 7
inclosing to me a copy of his letter of 1864. wrote as
Washington. Dec. 19, 1S6T.
General S. G. Burbridge, of Kentucky.
Dear General : I now have the pleasure to in
close you a copy of a letter I addressed you on the
21st ef June, 1H64, when you were commanding in
Kentucky, subject to my orders. The instructions
contained were commands to you, binding on you
under tho Articles of War, for which you are no more
responsible than for the execution of any other. I
alone am responsible, and I have no fear but my or
ders were right and appropriate. I hear the people
of Kentucky blame you for your acts, under these
orders. If so, they aie very foolish, for some of
them should be thankful that you were too lenient.
I recall with pleasure your eariy effort in the cause i
of your country in 1861, you being one of the first '
Keutuckians to take up arms in delense of our com
mon nationality. I remember you also when com
manding a brigade during all the operations at
Vickshurg, and also when commanding in Ken
tucky when I was engaged down in Georgia. For
these services you are entitled to the thanks and
gratitude of every well wisher ol his country, and I
doubt not you will receive tliem.
Respectfully, your friend.
W. T. Sherman,
My conduct in Kentucky was also fully indorsed
by President Lincoln, Secretary Stanton, Salmon P.
Chase, Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge, and all true
Union men. On the 4th of January, lboo, the
Union State Convention, in session at Frankfort,
magiamimously adopted the following resolution:
"Kexohed, That this convention recommend to the
President of the United States that General S. G.
Burbridge, as a reward for hi? gallant servicer in
the field and for able administration of the affairs '
of this military district, be appointed a brigadier
general in the Regular army of the United States.'
I have been thus explicit in order that you may
understand that, instead of murder being committed
by nie, I was, in the legitimate performance of my
official duty, endeavoring, at a time when the civil
law was powerless, to maintain peace in the State.
Not a man was put to death by my order without
first having Veen tried and condemned by a regularly
organized court-martial. These courts were com
posed of officers in high standing in the army and
who are to-daj- among the honored citizens of the
State. I have the honor to request, therefore, that
in future your comments upon my official acts in
Kentucky will be of such a character as will not
class me with the criminals whom it was mv object
to exterminate. I am, very respectfully, vour obe
dient servant. S. G. Burbeidge.
General Burbridge, who is an inspector in the
Post-Office, has declined to be interviewed regard
ing the published accounts of a quarrel between
him and Congressman Blackburn, saying the mat
ter would all be brought out later on."
Nashville has eleven
sixty persons, and turns
out 11,000,000 cigars an-
Hon. Edward Joy Morris, ex-Congressman and
ex-Miuister to Turkey, died in Philadelphia Sasur-darv.
DECREASE OF THE NATIONAL DEBT.
The public debt statement for December is
just issued. It shows a decrease in the debt for
the month of 812,793.623.56; decrease since June
30. $75,107,094.39; total debt, less decrease, $1,
065 ,401,717.09 ; cash in Treasury, 253,377,989,77 ;
goM certificates, 5,133,120; silver cirtifieates,
68,675,230; currency certificates, $9,590,000 ; legal-tenders
outstanding, 346,681,016; refunding
certificates, .$575,250; fractional currency, $7,075,
926.92 : available cash, $156,369,524.53.
BILLS BEFORE CONGRESS
Of the public bills 40 are for amendments
the Pension laws, and of these 13 are for grant
ing Mexican war pensions. There are 13 bills
affecting the Patent laws, 18 concerning the
Navy and Marine Corps, 23 on the public lands
29 about the various Indian tribes, 27 about cus
tomes duties, .14 concerning United States Courts,
13 about the coinage, 3 about United States
bonds, 13 in regard to the national banks, 12
affecting the army, 31 relate to the Post-Oflice,
23 to railroads, 39 to internal revenue laws, 46 to
the different Territories, 11 to treaties with for
eign nations and 23 about free ships and shipping
The Adjutant General's Office undertook some
years since to prepare as a supplement of the offi
cial reports of the late war. now being printed,. 3
collection of portraits of all the general officers
commissioned by President Lincoln, 1361 to 1365
inclusive, and circulars requesting them were
sent out In return over 500 photographs have
already been received, many of them accompa
nied by the military record of the original. Con
gress will be asked to make an appropriation to
perfect and publish this collection.
l "n " Ti qin "t t "nfAVT
xili vJxHjT-lli -Hi I J Hi lV8 i) IN
WASHINGTON, D. C,
Attorney -at -Law and Solicitor of
United States and
Established in 1SG5.
CAN I OBTAIN A PATENT?
Send a rough sketch or (if you can) a model of youi
Invention to George E. Lemon, Washington, D. C,
and a Preliminary; Examination will be made of ali
United States Patents of the same class of inventions,
and you will be advised whether or not a patent can be
Far thfis Preliminary Examination No Charge is Made.
WHAT WILL A PATENT COST?
If you are advised that your invention is patentable.
send 20, to pay Government application foe of $15, and
5 for the drawings required by the Government. This
amount is payable when the application is made. ThL?
is all of the expense, unless a patent is allowed. "When
allowed the attorney's fee ($25) and the final Government
fee ($20) is payable.
By these temis yoa know beforeliand, for vothingl
whether you are going to get a patent or not, and no
attorney's fee is cliarged unless you do get a patent.
An attorney whose fee depends on his success in obtain
ing the patent will not advise you that your invention
is patentable, unless it really is patentable, so far as his
best judgment can aid in determining the question;
hence, you can rely on the advice given after a prelimi
nary examination is had.
DESIGN PATENTS and the REGISTRATION OF
LABELS and TRADE-MARKS secured.
CAVEATS prepared and filed.
Applications for the REISSUE OF PATENTS care
fuHy and skillfully prepared and promptly prosecuted.
Applicatioiis in revivor of rejected, abandoned, or for
feited cases mnde. Very often valuable inventions are
saved in these classes of cases.
If you have undertaken to secure your own patent
and failed, a skillful handling of the case may lead to
success. Send me a written request addressed to the
Commissioner of Patents that lie recognize Geokge E.
Legion, of "Washington, D. C, as your attorney in the
se, givg the title of the invention and about the bite
of fildmr your application. An examination will be made
of the case, and you will be informed whether or not a
patent can be obtained. This examination and report
wM cost you nothing.
Interference Contests arising within the Patent
Office between two or more rival claimants to the same
subject-matter of invention, attended to.
Appeal Remedies pursued in relief from adverse
Seaeches made for title to inventions.
Copies of Patents furnished at the regular Govern
ment rates, (23 cents each, if subsequent to 1366. Pre
vious patents, not printed, at cost of making copies.)
Copies or Official Records furnished.
Opinions rendered as to scope, validity, and infringe
ment of Patents.
In fact, any information relating to Patents and to
property rights in inventions promptly furnished on tlie
most reasonable terms.
Remember this oflice haa been In successful operation
since 1S65, and you therefore reap the benefits of experi
ence. Address, with stamp for reply,
GEORGE E. LEMON,
WASHINGTON I. C.
SF Reference given to actual clier.te la almost e:
county in the United States.
..vsSak- ,.. vmtawN x
MARCH "ji. '
Answers to Correspondents.
We are obliged to answer certain Inquiries of the sma
mature in each issue of onr paper. While we cheerfully
Ornish information to subscribers In this column we-
.Tuggest that much labor, time, and expense may be saved
I both to ourselves and to our correspondents, if the latter-
anu otner sunbera would keep &. file of the paper,
rrhcy could then, at any t!sne, fcurn to ihe file and proba
bV find the very inquiry answered about which they
would have written to us. "We trust that eaeh and every
subscriber will profit hr thvs-suggcsticn.
J- K. O., Warfield, TKv. A hill hiss been intro
duced to peitoionjoiaicrs of the Mbricnn war, and
is- yet penrfin-. W are stronglyi rufavor of its pas
sage, and shall do everything in our; ower to have
it inado a kiw
4- E" y-DA?VIL1E r-x. Wc suppose banks have
tne right to charge for collection of pension checks
if they are stingy enougivto do so ; buf such checks
ought to he rsadiV taken,.as theypnssin Xew York,
where redeemable as gold.
F S'' f;?W'r,X- T-By mang application
under oath to the Commissioner of Pensions, show
ing that the pension certificate is destroyed or with
held, the so! her cnu get-a permit to draw his pen
sion without his certi.icate. If i0 certificate U
rcillr destroyed, a new one may bo obtained. If
you will stidf all the facts, name of soldier, and of
party who has his certificate, with life residence we
will advise you further,: '
J. W. II., Orient, Iowa. When. alh the evidence
is m, a claim ought to be reached for action within
from four to six months after medical examination
of the elairaant.
P. H. V,'., East Ljtjbrty, O. All the laws regard
ing pensions, bounties, &c, are to be found in the
Revised S&uutes of T&e United States. Thev may
also be had of booksellers dealing in Government
publications. So may blank forms. &c. The De
partment.- furnish Wanks to claimants, but not tc
T. J. yt.t Troy. Ala. Under oxifting laws, mxI
diers of the Mexican war are entitled to warrant for
160 acres of land.
C4. W B. The soldier collects, his- pension. The
chock hz-sent direct to him. The aitornev does not
even get; the certificate.
G.W. O., Richfield. MrciL It is impossiMo to
give the number of the last pension claim settled.
They are takeii up for final seuuement as soon as
they can. bereached after the testimon v has all been
filed, without regard to nuznher.
J. L. F., Rsedsville, Pa. Aa ex-soldier can lo
cate his homestead by an agent or attornev, but he
must occupy, in person, within, six months rom the
date of locating the land
L. B., St. Johnsville.. N. Y. The bill to repeal
the Arrears of Pension Act introduced in Congress,,
provides in substance that pensions shall eomnience
from date of filing application. It would, therefore-,
if passed, cut ofF arrears accruing from, discharge U
said date of filing. 2. It usually takes about three
years to settle a claha for wnsien, counting fraca.
date of Sling.
A. J. P. The pension for a captain is $20- per
month; for a first lieutenant, $17: and for a sec
ond lieutenant. $15 per month; for a privat-e or
non-commissioned ofiicer,$8; but a disability equiv
alent to the loss of a leg or arm entitles a private to
as high as $13 per month, which sum may be divid
ed for any lesser disability, according to the degree
E. S. YV, Rochester, .Minx. The appropriation
ffer pensions ha? not been expended,, and pavments
are being made as usual. You ought to hear from
your ciaim m tne course ol a month or so.
J. B. P.. O. There are no homesteads provided
for ex-soldiers who served during the rebellion. In
proving up a claim, however, under the general iaw.
they are entitled to credit for the time served,
which will be deducted from the five years required
for settlement; providing, however, that there mxie
be at least one years' actual residence on the land.
G. W. B.. Woostee, O. If a pensioner dies and not
from disease or injuries contracted or incurred in ser
vice, his widow is not entitled to pension, nor is any
one else on his account. 2. If a widow made applica
tion prior to July 1, 1SSO, she is entitled from date of
soldiers death. If soldier had in his lifetime filed
an application, and she completes the same, she will
then be entitled to draw from date of his discharge
A. B. E., Rochester, Minx. The Second Audi
tor's Office is a long ways behind in the settlement
of claims. Your case ought to be reached, however,
sometime during the winter.
J. hi. S., Crapo, Mich. The new declaration
called for will not debar you from arrears of pen
sion when your claim is allowed. It is considered
as an amendment to the original application.
J. R., Kendalls, Wis. It takes several months
to reach a claimfor examination after the last proofs
are filed. You should hear from your case before a
L. S., Yorktowx, Tex. Only one land warrant
of 150 acres is provided for service in the Mexican
J. 31. J., Rich Pond, ". Y. See answer to J. W.
H. above. Y'our attorney will be notified if more
testimony is required. He will be duly informed
by the Department.
G. W. B. "Woostee, O. We cannot furnish th -desired
information. You should write to the P at
master'at the county seat of Johnson county, wi o
will doubtless satisfy your inquiries.
G. T. B. We understand a list is now beiu;r ' -
pared showing the names of all ex-rebels in ol
and the salary enjoyed by each. When made $- -He
wv shall publish it.
H. H., Packersville, Conn. The grand total
of troops furnished the Union army during the re
bellion is 2,859.132. Reduced to a uniform thrje
years' standard, the number is 2,320,172.
A. M.. High Bridge, X.
has not run out.
Y. The appropriation
The present post-office addresses of the following
named persons are desired by subscribers to Tile
2ATr02SAX Tkibune. Any one able to give infor
mation touching their whereabouts will confer a
favor by corresponding with us :
1. Dr. Cannon, late Surgeon of the Thirteenth Illi
2. H. C. Eoark, Company F. One Hundred and
Twentieth Illinois infantry.
3. Ezra E. Goodwin, Assistant Surgeon. Sixty-ninth
1. Lieutenant Cross, Company G, Third United
States Heavy Artillery (colored).
5. General J. L. Keenan, formerly Major Sixth Mis
6. Colonel Edward Wynkoop, First Colorado cavalry.
7. Joseph Brown, Fifth Iowa cavalry ; also H. A.
Place, Company B, Ninety-ninth Ohio infantry.
S. Svjrgeon Webster, of the Ninth New Hampshire
9. Dr. Boswell Bothrock, Dr. llosack, Samuel Stahl,
and George Fox, all of the Seventy-eighth Penn
sylvania, who were captured at Signal Station,
near Chickamaugua, September, 1863. Also of Cap
tain Armstrong, Eighty-fourth Ohio.
Remaining answers next week.
ARE SOLDIERS CATTLE?
It is now proposed to brand the left breasts of re
cruits in the British army with a small crown, with
a view to the prevention of desertion which, accord
ing to the official returns, has assumed alarming
proportions. In order that the brand may not be
considered a disgrace by the enlisted men, commis
sioned officers are to receive it as well. Although
this proposition appears to meet the approval of a
number of British military- critics, it is not at all
probable that it will be regarded favorably bv th
officers and men of the arm v.