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THE NATIONAL TBEBUNE: WASHINGTON, D.'C, JANUARY 14, 1882.
The National Tribune
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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE,
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he qff&iiattxl rihnnq.
The validity of tme public debt of the United States,
authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of
pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrec
tion or rebellion, shall not be questioned." sec. 4, art.
XIV. Constitution of the United States.
Zstrred t the 'Wuhiagtot City Fott-OScc as eccnd-cUit Bitter.
WASHINGTON, D. C, JANUARY 14, 1882.
Desiring to extend the usefulness of our paper
to the widest possible extent, and in order that
no ex-soldier or other person interested in matters
growing out of the war of the rebellion may have
reasonable excuse for not taking it, we have con
cluded to fix the subscription price, until March
31, 1882, at one dollar per annum.
Those who have heretofore sent one dollar and
fifty cents for a single subscription, by sending
half a dollar more with an additional name and
address, will be granted an additional copy, thus
bringing their individual subscription down to
one dollar for fifty-two numbers. Those wishing
to become subscribers, should, in view of the
above offer, send on their one dollar at once, and
those who have already sent one dollar and fifty
cents, should, without delay, remit the remaining
half dollar with another subscriber before the
new year commences.
As equalization of bounties means S8J per
month to every ex-soldier for all the time actually
served, previous payments to be deducted. For
instance, if John Smith served three years, and
received at the close of the war $200 bounty, he
would, under the proposed law, be entitled to
$100 more j or if Brown enlisted, and was dis
charged by reason of disability resulting from
disease, instead of wounds, before two years'
service, so that he got no bounty, or, having en
listed for less than two years, received none,
in either of these cases he would become, under
an equalization act. entitled to $8$ per month
for the time served, whether the same was one,
two, three, or more months.
TVhile we were at the front fighting to main
tain the supremacy of the Government those
who are now advocating the repeal of the Arrears
of Pension Act and opposing the passage of an
act to equalize bounties were, as a class, at home
coining money out of our blood and sufferings.
Nothing less than seven per cent, interest in
gold on bonds free from taxation would satisfy
them then : now they eagerly snatch at a chance
to get three and a-half or four per cent, on their
investment in bonds. Then they considered the
Government as at their mercy financially, and
insisted upon not only their pound of flesh but
the blood also. Now the Nation is rich and pros
perous, and can, if need be, borrow any amount
of money abroad at the very lowest rates, and
their patriotism has increased with the finan
cial progress of the country.
Looking over the past, we think their course
would seem at this present time more patriotic
had they made easier terms for their debtor
when easier terms were sorely needed.
And while we were at the front doing the
fighting those same Shylocks were at home
passing resolutions of undying affection for us,
complimenting our valor, and solemnly pledging
themselves to ever remember our sacrifices aud
sufferings, and to care for the disal iled, and widows
and ort)hans of the dead. Like the Mississippi
boatman who after an explosion found himself
floating down the river upon a dark night with
nothing between himself and a watery grave
but a single plank, they were most " infernally
good so long as te danger lasted" in promises.
The war was scarcely over, however, before they
began to cry "Good-bye, soldier! the country is
safe;" thus patterning after the boatman who,
when his feet struck bottom, exclaimed, "Good
bye, Lord; I'm all right now," as he struck out
for home and a new job.
Subscribe for The National Tribune.
Equalization of Bounties.
A bill to equalize bounties was passed by Con
gress, just in the closing hours of the last session,
not long after the war, but failed to become a law
for want of the President's approval. The measure
was then opposed, as it is being opposed now by the
money kings. They said, as they now say, that
to pay all claims under such an act would bank
rupt the Government. They clamored for the
payment of their bonds and interest thereon, and
insisted that the soldiers wait for the amounts
justly due them until the Nation should be in a
more prosperous condition financially.
Not wishing to bring on a bondholder's rebel
lion so soon after the close of a bloody war, the
Executive gave heed to their objections, and, as
we have intimated, vetoed the measure.
This all happened something like twelve years
ago, since which time we have paid off nearly if
not quite one-half of the National debt, includ
ing more than a billion of dollars in interest to
the bondholders. During all this period the sol
diers have waited until the present, or until
death stepped in to settle the account between
the Government and themselves.
The time has now arrived when both justice
and common honesty demand that the claims,
payment of which has been so long delayed,
shall be settled. The Government is amply able
to pay every dollar, without increasing taxation
or in any manner interfering with the gradual
reduction of the public debt. The United States
were never so prosperous as at present, never
before has the Treasury been burdened with
such an immense surplus of money, and we in
sist that it is the plain duty of Congress during
this session to pass an act equalizing bounties,
and thus deal as justly with the men who saved
the Union as those have been dealt with who,
taking advantage of the necessities of the hour
loaned it money at high rates of interest and
grew rich from its misfortunes.
The Great American Sheep Tick.
The New York Tribune is the accredited organ
of Jay Gould, the railroad manipulator. It
favors the monopolists who compel farmers to
pay exorbitant freight rates for the transporta
tion of their productions, and is the mouthpiece
ef the money kings who are grinding the labor
ing classes into the dust. It is the paper that
published a letter recommending the assassina
tion of General Grant while he was President ;
it is the paper that most vindictively hounded
the late President Garfield with the charge of
official dishonesty and corruption ; it is the paper
that, on the eve of the rebellion, advocated the
policy of letting the "wayward sisters depart in
peace," and it is the paper which is now classing
the men who saved the Union among thieves,
swindlers, and per urers. Figuratively speaking,
it is the great American journalistic Sheep Tick.
It burrows its repulsive head in the body politic,
keeping its rear well exposed, and sucks out the
life-blood, leaving a tumefaction where it has
been to mark its presence. It is now working
upon Congress, endeavoring to create a festering
sore that shall induce that body to repeal the
Arrears of Pension Act. We doubt the success
of its endeavor : but yet, knowing its persistency,
which is equal to that of its diminutive name
sake the sheep tick 'we urge all who desire to
see justice maintained to unite with us in scotch
ing the pest by exposing it to the blistering sun
of public opinion and an honest people's wrath.
Several bills have been introduced in Congress
providing pensions to soldiers of the Mexican
But for the opposition being developed on the
part of the money kings, one of the measures
would doubtless be made a law before the end
of the present session.
As things are, however, nothing except a united
effort by those interested, aided by all who de
sire to see justice done to a brave and meritorious
class of citizens, can save from defeat a measure
whose justice cannot be successfully assailed.
It is a burning shame that the men who gave
us California, Texas, and other valuable territory
who added thousands of millions of dollars to
the wealth of the country should be compelled,
year after year, to petition the Government for
the small pittance of 8 per month to assist in
keeping them comfortable during the remainder
of their rapidly-declining lives. We say it is a
shame and a disgrace, and venture the assertion
that the time will yet come when the Nation will
desire to forget that such treatment was ever
meted out to those who so nobly sustained its
flag on foreign soil, and brought such untold
riches into its overflowing coffers.
It js an old saying that "you may lead a horse
to water, but cannot force him to drink." You
may, however, elect a man to Congress, and then
A Political Jeremy Diddler.
That Carl Schurz should advocate the repeal of
the Arrears of Pension Act is not to be wondered
at. He was the "Tickle-me-Tommy " of the late
John A. Bentley, and urged the passage of the
infamous Sixty Surgeon Bill to the extent of his
ability. He is the Jeremy Diddler of American
politics always endeavoring to "raise the wind."
During certain seasons he has a set price for his
performances $200 per night and expenses.
These seasons only occur, however, during presi
dential campaigns, when he lets himself out to
the highest bidder no bid of less than the
amount above indicated being considered. As
editor of the New York Post he is a fitting co
laborer of the New York Tribune's chief. We
sincerely commend him to the execration, which
he justly deserves, of every man whose patriot
ism caused him to lift a hand in defence of the
Union upon the field of honor. Schurz, though
he wore our uniform, was simply an adventurer,
a political free lance, devoid of patriotic impulses
or sympathy for those with whom he fought, and
ignorant of even the commonest principles of jus
tice, else he would not now class his old comrades
(who, though of humble rank, are nevertheless
the peers of the noblest in the land) among
thieves, swindlers and knaves, as he does when
clamoring for the repeal of the Arrears of Pen
Camp-fires and Army Reunions.
The National Tribune is always glad to
receive reports of Camp-fires, Army Eeunions,
meetings of the G. A. R., and other matters of
special interest to ex-soldiers, but desires them
at' the earliest possible moment. The editor is
continually in receipt of such reports, some of
them two or three months old, and therefore not
to be considered as news. We ask that our
friends will oblige us by being more prompt,
and then their communications will be made
We invite attention to the official ratings of
the Pension Office, which we now publish for the
first time. This one item is worth to pensioners
and claimants a year's subscription to The
During the war it is to be presumed that only
the best soldiers in the ranks received promotion ;
and yet a man who enlisted and who, under the
law, became entitled to three hundred dollars
bounty, more or less, according to date and time
of enlistment, was deprived of so much thereof
as had not already been paid in the event of his
being made a commissioned officer.
The act for the equalization of bounties should,
when passed, include a proposition to pay
bounties to all who were in the ranks, for the
time so served, regardless of their subsequent
promotion. This is a matter of simple justice.
To-DA Y, as a people, we are the richest and most
powerful on the earth. Our Government has
given millions of dollars in the shape of lands to
build railroads throughout the western country,
and will doubtless give millions more to enrich
corporations and individuals; and while thus
donating to those who have profited by our ac
quisition of territory from Mexico, we say it is
but just that the claims of those who made those
acquisitions for us be remembered.
Let the Mexican veterans be pensioned, and at
Write to your Senators and Members of Con
gress to advocate and vote for the bill to equalize
bounties. Do not delay.
All the soldiers want all we want, is that
same even handed justice and strict carrying out
of contracts which is accorded by the Govern
ment to the holders of its bonds. We ask noth
ing more, nor will those who saved the Union
from disruption be satisfied with less.
A bill has been introduced to repeal the Ar
rears of Pension Act. If you are opposed to it,
write to your Member of Congress without delay
and tell him so.
Write to your Member of Congress, if you are
opposed to the repeal of the Arrears Act, in favor
of a passage of a bill to equalize bounties, and
one to pension Mexican veterans, and tell him
so ; then read The National Tribune to learn
how he votes upon these measures.
The Car of Procrastination, with its freight,
is too frequently switched oft upon the unreturn
ing track of Never.
Last week we adverted to the necessity of
the employment of a larger clerical force in the
Pension Office. At least five hundred additional
appointments should be made ; and if our friends
and those who are interested will come to our
assistance by sending on their subscriptions we
persuade him to vote in the right direction, even
if his inclinations are the other way. To do this ) will do our part towards bringing about the de
it is onlv necessarv to work unitcdlv.civinK can- sirable result
didates for office to understand that they are but
the servants of the people, and must obey the
popular will, or be retired to private life. The
" soldier element " is yet far too powerful to be
disregarded with impunity, except in the South.
The sooner our northern and western statesmen
are made to understand this fact, the better it
will be for themselves, as well as for the pen
sioners and other just creditors of the Govern
ment whose interests it is their dutv to subsen e.
One Dollar sent us before March 31st, 1882,
secures The National Tribune for one vear.
In response to a large number of inquiries we
take occasion to state that in all cases filed in the
Pension Office since June 19, 1S78, the fees are
payable, not by the Government but by the
claimant ; and such fees are not contingent upon
success, but are collectable when the claim is
filed. This is due to the late John A. Bentley,
who secured ihe repeal of the old law, which
provided fees only in case of succees.
Subscribe to The National Tribune, the
soldiers advocate and friend.
Pension Office Ratings.
We are authorized by the Honorable Commissioner of Pensions to publish the following officially
revised and corrected ratings in Pension cases :
Rates and Disabilities Specified by Irw.
Loss of both hands
Total disability in both hands
Loss of both feet
Total disability in both feet
Total blindness ; : ;
Loss of sight of one eye, the other having previously
Loss of one hand and one foot
Total disabilitv in one hand and one foot
Any disability equivalent to the loss of a hand or foot...
Any disability incapacitating for the performance of
anv manual labor.
Any disability resulting in a condition requiring the
regular aid and attendance of another person
Ixxss of leg at hip ioint
Loss of leg above the knee, resulting in a disability pre
venting the use of an artificial limb
Loss of leg at or above the knee, or arm at or above
Loss of one hand or one foot
Permanent disability in one hand or one foot, or any
disability equivalent thereto
Rates According to Hank for "Total" Disability.
Lieutenant-Colonel and officers of higher rank in
military service and marine corps $30 00
Captain and all officers of higher rank, Com
mander, Surgeon, Paymaster, and Chief
Engineer, and officers ranking with Com
mander in navy 30 00
Major in the military service and marine corps... 25 00
Lieutenant and officers ranking with Lieutenant
and Passed Assistant Surgeon, navy 25 00
Captain, (military and marine corps) 20 00
Chaplain (in the army and navy) 20 00
Provost-Marshal 20 00
Professor of mathematics, (navy) 20 00
Master, Assistant Surgeon, and Assistant Pay
master (navy) 20 00
First Lieutenant (military and marine corps) 17 00
Acting assistant or contract surgeon 17 00
Deputy Provost-Marshal 17 00
Second Lieutenant, (military and marine corps).. 15 00
Enrolling officer 15 00
First Assistant,Engincer, Ensign and Pilot (navy) 15 00
Cadet midshipman, passed midshipman, mid
shipman, clerks of admirals, clerks of .pay
masters, clerks of the officers commanding
vessels, second and third assistant enginees,
master's mate and all warrant officers in
navy 10 00
Privates and non commissioned officers (military
and marine corps)
Petty officers and seamen (navy)
Bates Fixed by Offiee for Certain Disabilities not
Specified, by Law.
Total disability for the performance of manual
labor, requiring the aid and attendance of
another person, but not so great as to be re
garded as total and permanent helplessness.. $31 25
Single hernia, (ordinary cases) f-i 00
Double hernia, " ' 6 00
Deafness in one ear, (J total private) 1 00
Slight deafness in both ears, or total deafness in
one ear and slight deafness of the other,
total 2 00
Severe deafness in both ears; or total deafness in
one ear and severe deafness of the other,
total ." -l 00
Severe deafness, nearly total, total 6 00
Loss of sight of one eye the sight of the other
not being affected, total 4 00
Loss of index finger, total 3 00
ABSOLUTISM PROCLAIMED IN PRUSSIA.
An imperial rescript, dated January 4, counter
signed by Prince Bismarck, has been addressed to
the Pi uphill Ministry. It auVS : Tile rjgbfc 0f the
King to direct the government and policy of Prussia
in accordance with his own judgment is restricted,
not abrogated, by the constitution. The official
acts of the King require the counter-signature of a
minister and are carried out by his minister; but
they remain the official acts of the King, in whose
resolve they originate, and who in them gives con
stitutional expression to his will. Therefore it is
not permissible to represent their exercise as pro
ceeding from responsible ministers. The Prussian
constitution is the expression of the monarchical
tradition of this country, whose development rests
on the living relations of its Kings to the people.
These relations cannot be transferred to ministers,
because they appertain to the power of the King,
and their maintenance is necessary for Prussia. It
is therefore my will that in Prussia, and also in the
legislative bodies of the Empire, no doubt will be
allowed to attach to my constitutional right or
that of my successors to personally direct the
policy of the government. It is the duty of my
ministers to support my constitutional rights by
protecting them from doubt and obscurity, and I
expect the same from all officials who have taken
the oath of loyalty to me. I am far from wishing
to restrict the freedom of elections but the func
tionaries intrusted with the execution of my official
acts are bound to support the policy of my govern
ment, even at the elections. 1 shall acknowledge
the faithful discharge of this duty, and shall ex
pect all officials remembering their oath of alle
giance to hold aloof, even at the elections, from all
agitation against rny government.
FIFTY THOUSAND STAR-ROUTE BIDS.
Bids for contracts for star-route service in nearly
all the territory west of the Mississippi River were
received at the Post Office Department up to 3 p. m.
Saturday. About 50,000 bids were put in altogether.
The opening of bids commenced Monday, and will
continue until all are opened. The Department
was thronged on that day with western Members of
Congress and others interested directly or indirectly
in the mail service to be contracted for.
TWO IMPORTANT DECISIONS.
The Postmaster -General has decided that the
Commissioner of Pensions may furnish members of
Congress with departmental" postage stamps or
franked envelopes, in whicli the latter can forward
communications from the Pension Office containing
an official statement of the condition of claims pre
sented by the constituents of such members.
The Secretary of the Treasury has decided that
whenever a manufacturer of grain-bags, made from
imported materials, shall reserve to himself the
benefit of drawback, under section 3019 of the Re
vised Statutes, by an appropriate and permanent
inscription upon each bag, he shall be permitted to
make the export entry and receive the drawback
upon compliance with the existing general regula
tions relating to exportatious for drawbacks under
said law, and he shall be deemed the exporter of
such bags, whoever may be the owner of the bags
and the grain therein shipped to foreign ports.
- i -
! $31 25
$25 00 i 31 25
i 31 25
20 00 , 31 25
15 00 :
31 25 1
20 00 1 21 00
25 oo ;
15 00 ' 24 00
Loss of great toe, total $4 00
Loss of thumb, y, total 4 00
Loss of finger (not index) or toe (not great) 2 00
Anchylosis of elbow joint, total 8 00
Ratings for Widows, Dependent Relatives, aiid
Under Special Acts of Congress.
All widows of persons serving in the Army or
Navy in War of 1S61, the same rate to which
the soldier would have been entitled for total
disability, according to rank, and $2 addi
tional for each child under 1G years of age,
from July 25, 1866.
Dependent mothers, fathers, or brothers and sis
ters under 16 years of age, are rated the same
as widows, with the exception of the $2 addi
tional. Soldiers and sailors who served sixty days in the
1812 War. From February 14, 1871 $S (
Widows of such soldiers and sailors, if married to
them prior to February 17, 1815, and have not
since remarried. From February 14, 1871 8 00
Soldiers and sailors who served fourteen days, or
who were in an engagement in 1812 War.
From March 9, 1878 8 00
Widows of such, without regard to date of mar
riage 8 00
Grades of Total Disability.
First. The loss of both hands ; the loss of both feet;
total blindness ; or any disability which is of a degree
to compel the regular aid and attendance of another
person, constitutes Total disability of the First grade.
Second. The loss of one hand and one foot, or the
loss of a leg at or above the knee, or an arm at or above
the elbow, or a disability which disables for the perform
ance of any manual labor is Total disability of Second
Tliird. The loss of one hand or one foot, or a disa
bility which, in its relations to manual labor, is equiva
1 ml thereto, is Total disability of the Third grade.
Grades are classified as
2d, Total, 1st grade.
3d, Total, 2d grade.
4th, Total, 3d grade.
If on the pension roll at $50 June 16, 18S0.
fThe amounts carried out are in the $8 grade only,
except the first and third in the above list.
Last week Commander Fisher, of Zabriskie Post,
of Jersey City, N. J., installed the newly elected
officers of Van Houten Post of the same place. Some
350 persons were present to witness the ceremonies,
which were u an interesting character throughout.
A pleasant feature of the affair was the presenta
tion to retiring Commander Fuldee of a large and
handsomely framed engraving representing "Sher
man's March to the Sea.' After business had been
disposed of a lunch was served, which was enjoyed
by all, following which addresses, music, and reci
tations finished the eveniug's entertainment. The
following are the names of officers installed : Com
mander, William Vorrindcr; S. V. C, Thos. Wright
man; .). V. C, William B. Mason; Q. M., Charles
Lamb; Adjt., Cornelius Titers: Surgeon, M. Lamp
son, M. D.: O. D., Godfrey Dillaway: O. G.. Wil
liam Slote: S. M., Charles Carson; Q. M., S. James
Blacksh aw; Chaplain, John Yero.
GRANT AND FITZ JOHN PORTF--
jmzvi' louiv, uecember 22, 16S1.
The President, Washington, D. C.
Dear Sir : At the request of General Fitz John
Porter I have recently reviewed his trial and the
testimony furnished before the Schofield court of
inquiry held in 3S79, giving to the subject three full
days of careful reading and consideration and much
thought in the intervening time. The reading of
the whole of this record has thoroughly convinced
me that for these nineteen years I have been doing
a gallant and efficient soldier a very great injustice
in thought and sometimes in speech. I feel it in
cumbent on me now to do whatever lies in my
power to remove from him and from his family the
stain upon his good name. I feel this the more
incumbent upon me than I should if I had been a
corps commander only, or occupying any other
command in the army than the one which I did :
but as general I had it possibly in my power to
have obtained far him the hearing which he only
got at a later day, and as President I certainly had
the power to have orderd that hearing. In justifi
cation for my injustice to General Porter, I can
only state that shortly after the war closed his de
fense was brought to my attention, but I read it in
connection with a sketch of the field where his
offenses were said to have been committed, which I
now see, since perfect maps have been made by the
engineers' department of the whole field, were
totally incorrect as showing the position of the two
armies. I have read it in connection with statements
made on the other side against General Porter, and I
am afraid possiblv with some prejudice in the case,
although General Porter was a man whom I per
sonallv knew and liked before, but I got the im
pression, with nianv others, that there was a hall
hearted support of General Pope in his campaigns,
and that General Porter, while possibly not more
guiltv than others, happened to be placed in a posi
tion where he could be made responsible for his
indifference, and that the punishment was not a
severe one for such an offense. I am now convinced
that he rendered faithful, efficient, and intelligent
services, and the fact that he was retained in com
mand of a corps for months after his offences were
said to have been committed is in his favor. What
I would ask in General Porter's behalf from you is
that, if you can possibly give the time, that yon
give the subject the same study and thought that
I have given it, and then act as your judgment may
dictate. But, feeling that you will not have the
time for such an investigation (for it would take
several days' time), I would ask that the whole
matter be laid before the Attorney-General for his
examination and opinion. Hoping that you will
he able to do this much for an officer who has sui
fered for nineteen vears a punishment that never
should be inflicted upon any one but the most
guilty, 1 am, very truly yours, U. S. GKAT.
The foregoing is accompanied with a letter from
General Porter to Senator Sewell, of New Jersey,
one to the President, and the following from Gen.
St. Paul, Minx., August 26, 1S79.
Dear General: Soon after the publication ot
the report of the Schofield board you wrote to me
thanking me as one of the board for our action in
your case. I intended to reply to your letter at
once, but just then General Sheridan desired me
to accompany him on a visit to some posts in my
department, and I delayed my reply until my re
turn to St. Paul ; then, in the multitude of things
to which I had to attend, I forgot to make it. I
write now to say that it is not thanks but pardon
which I should'ask from you. For years I did you
wrong in thought, and sometimes wrong in speech.
It is true that this was through ignorance ; but I
had not the right to be so -ignorant. I might have
learned something at least of the truth had I dili
gently sought it. W you find anything in my action
as a member of the board which you can accept as
an atonement fcr the wrong which I did you J
shall be more than gratified. With great respect
and admiration, I am yours, most sincerely,
ALFPwED H. TERRY, Major-General.
Fit. John Porter, New York.