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THE NATIONAL TBIBimE: WASHINGTON. D. C, JANUARY 28, 1882.
I sit alone in the orchard's shnde,
Decking a robe for ray little maid.
Faster and faster the needle flies,
Tracing the daintiest broideries.
God's beautiful world, around, above,
Is filled with the ministry of love.
The birds and breezes, blossom and bee,
Live for each other, unselfishly.
Phebe, atilt on the locust bough,
Is all too busy to heed me now.
Four little nestlings crying for food
Had ever mother such hungry brood?
One of God's sparrows, singing for me,
Voices his faith in sweet melody.
Winds gently whisper of coming bliss,
Till apple boughs bend and daisies kiss.
In feathery beauty, the golden rod
Beckons the bee with a royal nod.
Kind Mother Earth on her tawny breast
Has taken the cradled grain to rest.
My hands lie empty, my work is done,
But my heart enfolds thee, little one.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington, D. C.
Correspondence is solicited to this colums. Commu
nications addressed to the Rural Department of The
National Tribune, 615 Fifteenth Street, Washington,
D. C, will be appreciated.
The conductor of Bund Topics is very desirous
that the publisher of The National Tribune
should he placed in possession of the address of
either the Master, Secretary, or Lecturer of each
and every Subordinate Grange, so that a copy of
the paper may be furnished for perusal by its
members. It is proposed to make the paper a
welcome visitor to the home of every member of
the Order, and the Bund Topics column will, if
possible, be kept up to the progressive plane of
other departments of the paper.
Ostrich Farming. This comparatively new
industry is being prosecuted to a considerable
extent in South Africa, and, it is said, with profit.
There is no apparent reason why these birds
should not be imported and "farmed" in Texas
and other States after establishing the climatic
and other conditions necessary to success. "We
have recently perused a work on ostrich farm
ing by J. De Mosenthal, which was printed at
London a few years ago, and from which we
take a few extracts which we think may interest
some of our readers:
"Although ostrich farming as at present sys
tematically carried out in South Africa is of
comparatively recent date, yet more than a cen
tury ago travelers mentioned that many farmers
at the Cape had a number of tame ostriches on
their farms which supplied their owners with
plumes which were used in driving away mos
quitoes, and it has long been known that various
tribes in Central Africa cateh and keep ostriches
for the sake of their plumes, which they barter
with, traders, and thus find their way into Egypt.
But it is only within the last few years that the
subject has come to engage serious attention. In
1859 the Acclimatisation Society of Paris offered
premiums for the successful domestication of
the ostrich in Algeria or Senegal and for breed
ing ostriches in Europe. The first of such
measures was to some extent successfully car
ried out at Hamma, Algeria, by SI. Hardy, who
received the premium. About the same time
Prince Pemidoff commenced similar experiments
near Florence, which resulted in his rearing, for
the first time in Europe, two young ones in 1859
and six the following year. The example thus
set was ere long followed in other parts of Europe,
notably at Marseilles, Grenoble, and Madrid, and
it soon became demonstrated that there is no
great difficulty in inducing ostriches to hatch
eggs in confinement and rear their young.
"It would seem that the first instance of do
mesticated ostriches hatching their eggs in Cape
Colony was about 18G6, and from that time to
the present the new industry of ostrich farming
has spread and thriven more or less throughout
"The Cape Argus in 1870 published a commu
nication from Mr. "W. Kinnear, who had twenty
nine ostriches on eight acres of garden ground,
which he sowed with lucerne, in order to pro
vide food for his birds. Other breeders have
given their birds the run of their lands, trusting
to careful herds and the attractions of a daily
feed of corn at the homestead. Mr. "White, of
Albany, at one time gave an inclosure of 500
acres to twenty-three young ostriches. Mr. Mur
ray, of Colesburg, had ninety birds within 1,000
acres fenced in, and he has now an inclosure of
nearly 5,000 acres for his larger flocks. It may
be considered a settled law of ostrich farming
that free space and good fences are essential to
success. Sheds and houses are also necessary,
not only for safe-keeping, artificial hatching,
and feather-gathering, but also for shelter from
the cold and wet. The grazing ground best
suited for the ostrich is that in which the soil or
plants are rich in alkalies. "When this is not the
case the needful element must be supplied.
It has been found that wire fences are sufficient
for an ostrich inclosure. It is an erroneous idea
that because the ostrich is a very long-legged
bird it would require a very high fence to keep
it in bounds. Such is not the case ; a substantial,
ordinary wire fence is quite high enough. An
ostrich in motion does not rise upon the wing;
he skims, as it were, along the surface of the
ground ; and if he meets with any obstacle, such
as a fence, he will skirt along it, but never attempt
to cross it, although he will cross a creek, the
two banks of which are nearly on a level, by
flying. The ostrich is a solitary bird, and of
lonely, shy habits. Ostriches are never found in
large troops like other game; seldom more than
six are seen together, and they run more fre
quently in pairs or singly. Their sense of smell
is very acute, as well as their sight, and their
powers of digestion are astonishing. Concluded
in next number.
Raisins in California. About 150,000
boxes of raisins will be made in California from
the last year's crop of grapes ; these are valued
at $500,000. The progress of this industry has
been remarkable. In the reports of 1878 the
assessors made no mention of it. It is expected
that this crop will be doubled next year. In
some favored localities as high as $700 per acre
has been realized. One great advantage of this
kind of fruit crop is that half a million of dollars
may be produced from 1,500 acres of land, while
to realize this aggregate value in wheat would
require 25,000 acres of first-class land to be
planted and well cultivated.
Agricultural Colleges. From the dis
tinguishing appellation of these colleges it is
logically to be inferred that their peculiar duties
are those of educating and fitting their students
to be proficient in the science and art of farming.
The endowments granted by Congress for sup
porting these institutions were given for the
purpose of educating farmers so that they might
make profits by cultivating (he aud without
diminishing the fertility of the soil. The argu
ments which influenced Congress to pass the land
grants for this purpose were largely based upon
submitted facts showing that the average yields
of farming lands were gradually diminishing in
quantity and that the soil was rapidly being
exhausted of plant nutriment. To arrest this
somewhat alarming tendency towards spoliation
of arable lands it was deemed advisable to en
courage institutions where the results of scientific
investigations upon plant growth would be ex
emplified and their practical application so
clearly illustrated to all who could happily avail
themselves of this education that the profits of
farming would become sufficiently great and
decided as to allure young men thus liberally
educated to abandon all other pursuits and give
their preference to that of farming.
So much for intentions. Now, what are the
results: On every hand complaints are heard
that the graduates from these colleges seldom
become farmers, they adopt other professions.
From this fact it would appear that their educa
tion has led to different results from those which
were anticipated; they may have acquired
knowledge which would be useful on a farm,
but they find that in other channels the practical
application of this knowledge is better rewarded
than they have reason to expect from the profits
It has been alleged that this repulsion to
farming by these graduates arises from the cir
cumstance that most of the farming conducted
on college lands is badly managed, and is carried
on at a loss, and that the accounts of many of
these colleges show that the funds for their sup
port is seriously taxed for the support of the
farm. Hence it is not surprising that graduates
from such institutions should shun a profession
which has been clearly demonstrated to be un
profitable. This evil should be remedied, where
it exists, and if the college faculty have not the
talent to farm profitably, let the farm be rented
to a capable farmer, whose example would be for
good to the students, and convince them that
farming is profitable.
Cotton-seed Oil. The extraction of oil from
cotton seed is developing an industry of vast
importance and profit to the manufacturer, as
well as to the producer of cotton. A few years
ago, when this industry was first introduced,
cotton seed was worth six dollars per ton ; now,
when oil mills have increased, the value of the
seed has increased to twelve dollars a ton. As
each bale of cotton represents half a ton of seed,
it follows that the farmer who sells his seed adds
six dollars to the value of each bale of cotton
which he produces.
A ton of seed yields thirty-five gallons of oil,
and the cake or meal which is left after pressure
is worth eighteen dollars per ton for cattle food
or for fertilizing the land, for both of which
purposes it is more valuable than the seed before
the oil is extracted. About 180,000 tons of seed
was worked up during the past year, yielding
G.300,000 gallons of oil, which, at 40 cents a
gallon, represents a value of $2,520,000.
Factories for refining the crude oil are also in
successful operation. The refining process adds
about 50 per cent, to the value of the oil. A
refinery in Montgomery, Alabama, works up
5,000 gallons a day.
The seed is hulled before pressure, and the
hulls are used as fuel at the mills, and the ashes
from the hulls command a high price for fertil
Uses of Cottonseed Oil. It is used largely
as an illuminating oil, being the best for head
lights and reflectors. It is used as an adultera
tion of linseed oil, and is pronounced by painters
preferable to the linseed itself. It is used for
packing fish, and especially sardines, in this coun
try. It is used as a substitute for lard in cook
ing. It is made into what is called cotton but
ter, and in this shape it is supplanting lard. For
kitchen uses it is said to be cleaner, healthier,
and better than lard, and it is much cheaper.
Two pieces of steak, one fried with lard and the
other with cotton butter, cannot be told apait,
and the latter, which is not absorbed in the steak,
can be poured back into the can and used again,
being just as clear and pure as before it was puu
over the fire. It is conceded that much of the
salad oil sold in America is cotton-seed oil refined
up to the highest point and put up in fancy
bottles and sold at high prices. Since the excel
lent qualities of this oil have been demonstrated,
it is not denied by those who deal in the article
that the finer salad oils owe their character to
this native product.
Chicken Cholera. Many people, I find, are
very careless in regard to their fowls, and if one
of their flock, by some chance, happens to take a
particle of contagion into its stomach and con
tracts the disease, this first bird, when it dies, is
allowed to remain where its fellows can feed upon
its flesh. There is no more certain method of
communicating the disease than this, and it is
not surprising that, within the next week or
two, three-fourths of the flock are either sick or
"When taken at the beginning of an outbreak,
the disinfection is a very easy matter. Three
ounces of commercial sulphuric acid are added
to four gallons of water, and all droppings of the
sick fowls are thoroughly saturated with the
mixture by sprinkling from a common watering
pot. If this is properly done, it almost invaria
bly stops the disease, but if other cases occur
the disinfection must be repeated. If many
fowls have died, the well ones of the flock must
be placed by themselves on a fresh run ; or, in
case none is at hand, the old one may be safely
disinfected with the same solution.
The solution of sulphuric acid, first recom
mended by Pasteur, is absolutely certain in its
effect; it destroys the germs of the disease, and
accomplishes this within an hour or two after
coming into contact with them. It should not
be forgotten, of course, that sulphuric acid should
on no account be allowed to touch the hands or
clothes, but when diluted to the extent recom
mended above it is perfectly safe. If enough
water is added by the druggist to the three
ounces of acid to make the whole measure a pint or
quart, it may be carried with much less danger
of accident. D. E. Salmon, in the Breeder's Gazette.
Value of Ensilage. "Ensilage is easier to
digest, requiring less vital energy to support and
sustain the digestive apparatus, consequently less
food is consumed for that purpose. The water
required by the animals is warm, no food is lost
in raising the temperature of the water drank,
with dry food. Chemical changes have taken
place in the silo which fit the food for easy di
gestion. Transformations have taken place, viz.:
of starch and crude cellulose into glucose, ren
dering the material more nutritious. I did not
say anything has been added to its intrinsic nu
tritive elements (others have put such words in
my mouth), but that there has been an increase
in the amount of Assimilable nutritive elements.
" Hon. Eowland B. Hazard, of Rhode Island, has
just returned from Europe. He visited M. Goffart,
the pioneer of ensilage, and found that all which
has been reported by Burtin was true; that M.
Goffart was keeping over seventy head of cattle
in excellent condition upon a dry, sandy plain,
which, under the ordinary methods, would have
scantily sustained one-eighth of the number.
" There were over 100 silos built last year, and
the ensilage fed out during the past winter. Not
one person but what will cheerfully corroborate
my statements as to substantial results. "When
two men swore they saw the Irish prisoner steal
the piece of bacon, he brought in ten men who
swore they did not see him steal it; upon which
the Dutch justice acquitted him, saying : " Ten
mans' vort ish petter as two."
"So it is in the ensilage discussion; hundreds
who have tried the system approve it and endorse
the statements made by me and others. On the
other hand, many otherwise very learned men
insist upon telling what they have not seen, and
expect the American people to believe them. As
there are upwards of two thousand silos which
have been constructed this season, it is evident
that the American people are not very much
like the justice "'in their appreciation of value
of evidence." J. M. Bailey, in Southern Planter
Large Apple Orchard. On the bottom
lands of the Oconee River, near Gainsville, Geor
gia, on the estate of Mrs. J. M. O'Neil, there is a
thrifty apple orchard of 600 acres planted exclu
sively with one variety, the Shockley. The en
tire crop is sold to local distillers for the manu
facture of apple-brandy. Some distilling estab
lishments in the vicinity use 20,000 bushels of
apples during the season. The fruit is collected
by beating it from the tree with poles until the
surface of the ground is covered with the scarlet
product. It is then gathered up in wagons and
conveyed to the distillery, where it is heaped up
in huge piles containing from one thousand to
eight thousand bushels.
This 600 acres of apple trees is undoubtedly
one of the largest apple orchards in the world
and it may safely be presumed that no other
orchard of this extent can be found, which, like
this, is planted with one variety only.
The Shockley apple is a native of Georgia.
The tree is of vigorous growth and very produc
tive. The fruit is of medium size and of beauti
ful color, being deeply blushed with scarlet and
crimson, having scattered clusters of minute gray
dots over its surface. It has a rich, saccharine,
mildly sub-acid juice, and keeps in good condi
tion till May or June. It is a valuable variety
for the section of country where it originated.
FISHING IN A CORN-FIELD,
In Colorado is a ten-acre field, which is no
more nor less than a subterranean lake covered
with soil about eighteen inches deep. On the
soil is cultivated a field of corn, which produces
thirty bushels to the acre. If any one will take
the trouble to dig a hole the depth of a spade
handle he will find it to fill with water, and by
using a hook and line fish four or five inches
long may be caught. The fish have neither
scales nor eyes and are perch-like in shape. The
ground is a black marl in nature, and in all
probability was at one time an open body of
water, on which accumulated vegetable matter,
which has been increased from time to time un
til now it has a crust sufficiently strong and rich
to produce fine corn, although it has to be culti
vated by hand, as it is not strong enough to bear
the weight of a horse.
While harvesting the hands catch great strings
of fish by making a hole through the earth. A
person rising on his heel and coming down sud
denly can see the growing corn shake all around
him. Anyone having sufficient strength to drive
a rail through the crust will find on releasing it
that it will disappear altogether. Territorial
The province of New Brunswick now has
within sixteen miles of 1,000 miles of railway in
operation, said to be a greater mileage, in pro
portion to population, than that of any other
province, state, or country. New Brunswick has
mere miles of road than Portugal, Denmark or
Norway, and nearly as many as Holland, and
more than either New Hampshire, Connecticut
or Vermont. There are eleven lines of road in
the province, the Chatham branch, nine miles in
length, being the shortest, and the Inter-colonial,
343 miles, the longest.
You lazy loon, if dainty pigeons
Up to his mouth well roasted flew,
He would not taste them, no, not he,
Unless well carved and served up, too !
THE VANDERBILT MANSION.
The great railroad magnate, TV. H. Vanderbilt,
had his house-warming in New York recently.
It was also made t!.e occasion of the first recep
tion to Mr. and Mrs. Seward "Webb, who were
recently married. Mrs. Webb was Miss Lelia
Vanderbilt, and she has just returned from her
wedding journey. The reception began at 3
o'clock and ended at 6. Between 200 and 300
people called in the course of the afternoon. A
wide awning, carpeted and lighted by gas jets,
extended from the porch to the curb. "Within
the curtains were drawn and the gas was lighted.
A few baskets and vases of roses were placed
here and there, but no attempt was made at ex
tensive decoration, the brilliant ornamentation
of the parlors making it unnecessary. Delmonico
served a collation. An orchestra played in the
balcony. Mr. and Mrs. Vanderbilt and Dr. and
Mrs. "Webb received the visitors in the great
Mr. Vandexbilts house is the most elegant
private residence, inside and out, in New York
city. The building comprises three houses. A
central porch divides the building into two sec
tions. The south section is Mr. Vanderbilt's
own residence. It is 84 feet front by 115 feet
deep, and four stories in height. The north sec
tion is 74 feet front by 105 feet deep, and is
divided into two houses. The one next to Mr.
Vanderbilt's will be occupied by Mrs. Sloane,
and the corner one by Mrs. Shepherd, daughters
of Mr. Vanderbilt. Only Mr. Vanderbilt's sec
tion is at present completed, although all will
soon be finished.
To the right as one enters the main hall is the
wide staircase with bronze banisters. The first
landing opens on a gallery which runs around
the aquarelle room. On the second floor, the
room in the northeast corner is the family parlor.
It is finished in ebony, inlaid with ivory. The
walls are covered with a dark blue silk brocade,
and the ceiling is divided in small panels, with
paintings of children at play. The next room
on Fifth avenue is Mrs. Vanderbilt's bedroom,
furnished by Alard of Paris. The walls are of
white marble, hung with silk, and the ceiling is
covered with the painting "Awakening of Au
rora," by Lefebvre. The frieze is of rosewood
and mahogany. The room is 26 feet square. Mr.
Vanderbilt's room, adjoining, is finished in rose
wood, inlaid with satin wood. His dressing
room is wainscotted eight feet high in glass
opalescent tiles of blue, gold and silver tints
and gilded on the backs. The bath-tubs and
basins are of mahogany and silver, and are con
cealed by sliding plate-glass mirrors. The large
room on Fifty-first street is a library, fitted up
in mahogany and stamped leather. The bed
room intended for Miss Lelia, now Mrs. "Webb, is
fitted with rosewood, inlaid with mother of pearl.
The mirrors are painted with an imitation of
lacework through which chrildren's heads peep.
Between 600 and 700 men were employed for
a year and a half on the interior decorations.
Sixty sculptors were brought here from Europe
and kept at work for two years. The total cost,
including the furniture, is said to have been
A MONEY KING SXUBBED.
The house does not show to advantage at
present, and ought not, in justice to the plans
and intentions of its proprietor and the artists
who have been engaged upon its details, now be
described. Over 1,500 invitations had been sent
out by the hostess, but not more than one-half
of the guests responded. It was noticeable that
neither of the old Knickerbocker families, such
as the Astors and Eoosevelts, honored the occasion
by their presence.
A FISH-EATING PEOPLE,
The Japanese eat very little meat. With a
population of 30,000,000, the whole country con
tains less than one million head of cattle. Of these
less than 600,000 are fit for food. It follows there
are but two head of cattle for every hundred Jap
anese, whereas there are seventy-three head of
cattle for every hundred Americans, men, women,
and children. About one-half of the cattle
slaughtered in Japan is eaten by the foreign pop
ulation, and the residue is consumed by the Jap
anese army and navy. Consul-General Van Bu
ren reports that the people live mainly upon fish,
which includes cod, salmon, mackerel, herring,
carp, eels, skate, mullet, and catfish, while plaice
are plentiful and cheap. The consul also states
that one-half of the people eat fish every day,
and the rest two or three times a week. So as
to secure a variety, many of the fishes are eaten
raw. The Japanese, however, live mainly on
vegetable food. They have an acorn which grows
on a small bush four feet high, and is plentiful,
cheap, and veiy nutritious This nut, it is said,
should be naturalized in this country, as it has
the merit of being free from bitter and astring
ent qualities. The Japanese, however, are not
a strong people. They are a small and feeble
race physically, as compared with Europeans.
They have, however, a high civilization of their
own, and are intelligent and industrious. The
meat-eating races are, after all, the most virile
and vigorous. It is the beef and mutton-eating
Englishman and American, who consumes so
much animal food, which are populating the
earth. The rice and fish-eating nations of the
East are not distinguished for either bodily or
mental vigor. DcmorcsVs Magazine.
It has been frequently said that there is very
little justice in law. An extraordinary and
melancholy example of the truth of this is re
ported, from the English town of Leek. Two
farmers living near that place were convicted
upon the evidence of the prosecutor of commit
ting an outrageous assault upon him, and sen
tenced to ten years' penal servitude. The pros
ecutor has ju3t died leaving a full confession
that the injuries received were inflicted by him
self in the hope of extorting money from the ac
cused persons and their friends. In the mean
time, one of the innocent convicts who has a de
pendent wife and nine children, has lain in jail
and near death through imprisonment and de
spair. It is a slight consolation to know that the
memory of the heartless man whose confession
has been made public is held in such utter
loathing by the community that the utmost dif
ficulty was experienced in hiring men to carry
his body to the grave.
This Claim House Estab
lished in 1865!
GEORGE E. LEMON,
OFFICES,, G15 Fifteenth St., (Citizens' Xational Bant,)
WASHINGTON, D. C.
P. O. Drawer 325.
If wounded, injured, or have contracted nny disease,
however slight the disability, apply at once. Thousands
Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fathers,
and minor brothers and sisters, in the order named, are
War of 1812.
All surviving officers and soldiers of this war, whether
in the Military or Naval service of the United States, who
served fourteen (11) days; or, if in a battle or skirmish,
for a less period, and the widows of such who have not
remarried, are entitled to a pension of eight dollars a
month. Proof of loyalty is no longer required in these
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than formerly, and
many are now entitled to a higher rate than they receive.
From and after January, 1881, 1 shall make no charges
for my services in claims for increase of pension, where n
new disability is alleged, unless successful in procuring
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped from the
pensien roll, or whose names have been stricken there
from by reason of failure to draw their pension for a pe
riod of three years, or by reason of re-enlistment, may
have their pensions renewed by corresponding with thJa
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in another,
is not a bar to pension in cases where the wound, disease,
or injury was incurred while in the service of the United
States, and in the line of duty.
Survivors of all wars from 1790, to 3farch 3, 1855. and
certain heirs are entitled to one hundred and sixty acres
of land, if not already received. Soldiers of the late waar
.Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest mar
ket rates, and assignment perfected.
Prisoners of War.
Ration rconey promptly collected.
Amounts due collected without unnecessary delay.
Cueh claims ;annct be collected without the furlough.
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims o. this character promptly attended to. Many
claims of tais character have been erroneously rejected
Correspondence in such cases is respectfully invited.
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in States
not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special attention,
provided they were filed before January 1, 1SSO. If not
filed prior to that date they are barred by statute of limi
tation. In addition to the alove we prosecute Military and
Naval claims of every description, procure Patents,Trade
Marks, Copyrights, attend to business before the General
Land Office and other Bureaus of the Interior Depart
ment, and all the Departments of the Government.
"We invite correspondence from all interested, assuring
them of the utmost promptitude, energy, and thorough
ness in all matters intrusted to our hands.
GEORGE E. LEMON.
As this may reach the hands of some persons unac
quainted with this House, we append hereto, as speci
mens of the testimonials in our possession, copies of let
ters irom several gentlemen ot Political anu .Military
distinction, and widely known throughout the United
Belvidere, Iix., October 24, 1875.
I take great pleasure in recommending Captain Georgs
E. Lemon, now of "Washington, D. C, to all persons who
may have claims to settle or other business to prosecute
before the Departments at "Washington. I know him to
be thoroughly qualified, well acquainted with the laws,
and with Department rules in all matters growing oui
of the late war, especially in the Paymaster's and Quar
termaster's Offices. I have had occasion to employ him
for friends of mine, also, in the soliciting of Patents, and
have found him very active, well-informed and success
ful. As a gallant officer during the war, and an hon
orable and successful practitioner, I recommend him
strongly to all who may need his services.
S. A. HURLBUT, 31. C,
Fourth Congressional District, Illinois.
Late JIajor-General, XI. S. Vol.
Citizens' National Bank,
"Washington, D. C, January 17, 1879.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and agent for th
collection of war claims at "Washington city is a thor
ough, able, and exceedingly well-informed man of busi
ness, of high character, and entirely responsible. I be
lieve that the interests of all having war claims requiring
adjustment cannot be confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CRESWELL,
VT. F. ROACH,
House of Representatives,
Washington, D. p., March , 1875.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain Geoegb
E, Lemon of this city, I cheerfully commend him as s
gentleman of integrity and worth, and well qualified to
attend to the collection of Bounty and other claim
against the Government. His experience in that lin
give him superior advantages.
W. P. SPRAGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRAWBRIDGE, M. C.j
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
House of Representatives,
"Washington, D. C, March 1, 1878.
"We, the undersigned, having an acquaintance with
Captain George E. Lemon for the past few years, and a
knowledge of the systematic manner in which he con
ducts his extensive business and of his reliability for fals
and honorable dealings connected therewith, cheerfully
commend him to claimants generallv.
A. V. RICE, 'Chairman,
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Heps.
"W. F. SLEMOXS, 31. C,
Second District of Ark.
W. P. LYNDE, M. C,
Fourth District of Wis.
R. "V. TOWNSHEND, M. C,
Nineteenth District of 10.
Anv person desiring information as to my stand
ing and responsibility will, on request, be furnished with
a satisfactorv reference in his vicinity or Congressional
George E, Lemon, Att'yat Law,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Send sketch or model for Preliminary Examination
and Opinion as to Patentability, for which No Charge
is made. If reported patentable, no charge for service t
Unless Successful. Send for Pamphlet of Instructions.
ESTABLISHED IN 18G5.