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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, PEBBUAEY 11, 1882.
Peace smiles o'er hamlet and city,
Peace broods o'er mountain and stream,
Our tears of anguish and pity
Are a half-forgotten dream.
The tempest of battle U ended,
4nd our dear delivered land
Stands free in the sunshine splendid,
No stain upon her hand.
"What shall we do to honor
Her dauntless sons to-day,
Who shed the glory upon her,
Striking her chains away?
Fair floats the banner o'er her
What did not her children give !
They cast their lives before her,
Dying tliat she might live.
Remember them, praise them, love them,
The noble hearts, and brave !
May earth lie lightly above them
In many a nameless grave !
Great was their high endeavor,
Great in their glorious need ;
Honor our heroes forever!
Serve them with word and deed.
Celia Thaxler. in Sword and Pen.
COLE THE PIRATE.
HIS ATTEMPT TO CAPTURE THE MICHIGAN
From the Tytfadelphia Press.
" Captain Carter, why in thunder didn't you
hang this man to the yard-arm? "
The situation was thrilling on board the man-of-war
Michigan when this forcible question was
put to its chief officer by General Heintzelman,
commander of the military district of Ohio. As
the event was the closing scene in one of the most
startling occurrences of the war, it is now of great
historical interest. A picture of it has, I believe,
never been drawn, nor has the story of the trans
actions that preceded it ever been fully told.
During the latter part of September, 1864, when
this event took place, the Michigan lay moored in
Sandusky Bay, the guard-ship of the great lakes
and of the prison for confederate officers on John
son's Island, in Lake Erie. She looked clear and
clean on the day in question, and about noon her
guns announced the arrival of Major-General
John A. Dix, Major-General Heintzelman, and
Major-General Hitehcock, commissioners for the
exchange of Federal prisoners. They had come
to investigate the matters which just then ar
rested the attention of the whole country, and
provoked General Heintzelman's angry interro
gation of Captain Carter, for the life of the man
who had caused the disturbance.
On the deck of the vessel, beside the principal
officers of the ship, stood the three distinguished
Generals above mentioned. There was one other
man present, and he was naturally the central
figure of the group. He was a prisoner, and had
been brought from the ward-room to the quarter
deck to be catechised by the three officers who
had been summoned to inquire into his conduct,
and to ascertain if possible the extent of the con
spiracy his capture had disclosed and defeated.
As he stood before his accusers there was in his
manner an air of indifference as to his fate that
amounted almost to bravado. He was a small
man, hardly of medium size, but his well propor
tioned, closely knit frame was sturdy and vigor
.ous. He had a full round face, and his features
were fairly good. His countenance, however, bore
a stolid and determined expression, which was
augmented by the cold light of his gray eyes.
His hair and moustache were red, but his general
appearance was not objectionable. He seemed to
he cast in genteel mould, and every lineament of
iis face and every line of his form bespoke pluck,
courage, and endurance.
General Hitchcock opened the investigation by
"Major Cole, what part did the twelve citizens
of Sandusky whom you have accused play in the
"None whatever," replied the confederate offi
cer, "they are entirely innocent. They knew
nothing of my plans and less of my acts."
"Then why did you accuse them?"
" That the men under my command might be
warned of my capture and escape in the commo
tion the arre3t of these men would cause."
It was this acknowledgment by Major C. H.
Gole, a captured confederate officer, that forced
from General Heintzelman the demand :
"Captain Carter, why in thunder didn't you
hang this man to the yard-arm?"
The officer addressed did not directly answer,
except by saying that he regarded Major Cole
merely as a prisoner of war.
There is in the faithful history which this im
pressive scene introduces that which surpasses
any conception of the imagination.
I very recently saw the man whom General
Heintzelman would have thus had summarily
punished. He was afterwards sentenced to death
for acts committed just preceding the scene I
have described, and, for a year, he lay in prison
under the shadow of the gallows. He is now,
after a life of marvellous experience, a citizen of
the State of Texas, largely interested in the de
velopment of its railroad system. He rarely ever
talks of the matters which brought him so prom
inently before the American people during the
war, and had I not secured a good thread of the
narrative from another source, I doubtless would
never have heard from his lips the remarkable
story of hazard and adventure which for years
marked his life. Nearly two decades have passed
since he stood a prisoner upon the deck of the
Michigan. His red moustache is now streaked
with gray, and the abundant growth of hair is
In response to persistent questioning he de
tailed to me what follows, which is given as
nearly as possible in his own language :
"There was much in the scene on the steamer
that September day which no man knew but
myself, and therefore could not appreciate. In
teresting, suggestive, and dramatic as was the
situation to the others, it was doubly so to me.
"I, of course, knew of the coming of the offi
cers, and as I sat in the ward-room waiting to be
summoned on deck, I thought over much that
had trauspired, and conjectured as to the future.
While in a deep reverie I felt the shock of the
discharge of the guns. I knew it was the salute
in honor of the arrival of the distinguished offi
cers who were coming aboard to ascertain, if pos
sible, who beside myself was engaged in the at
tempt to capture the Michigan. They expected,
as I afterwards learned, to connect the 'Knights
of the Golden Circle,' and other political organ
izations, with our scheme for the release of the
confederate prisoners and the establishment of
confederate authority in the Northwest.
"I was quietly smoking my segar when the
officer came below to escort me on deck. Al
though my government had acted promptly in
notifying the Federal authorities that I must be
treated only as a prisoner of war, and that they
would hold two Union officers as ransoms for me,
to be dealt with and treated as I was by the Fed
eral authorities, I had no expectation of saving
my life. As I rose to accompany the guard on
deck, the thought flashed through my mind : 'I
may yet accord plish the object of my mission or,
at least, sell my life dearly.'
" The conclusion was that could I destroy the
ship, the confederate officers on Johnson's Island
might then release themselves, for there were only
GOO soldiers guarding them, and 1,500 navy re
volvers were in the possession of the confederate
officers confined there.
"I knew that in going forward we had to pass
directly over the magazine. I pulled vigorously
at my segar to get it well lighted, then taking it
from my mouth, I held it by my side, and in
passing dropped it in the little air-hole which
opened into the magazine I therefore reached
the deck expecting that every moment the pow
der would explode and that the ship and all on
board would be scattered to the four winds.
Can you imagine a feeling of suspense more ab
sorbing than that which jiossessed me while I
was being questioned by the three Union Gen
erals? You may also judge what was my men
tal reply when General Heintzelman asked Cap
tain Carter why he had not hung me to the yard
"I was," said he to me, when reluctantly speak
ing of the incidents above related and those to
follow, "a member of the Fifth Tennessee con
federate regiment, of which my brother was col
onel. " I was summoned to Richmond, and there reg
ularly commissioned by the confederate govern
ment as a military officer in its secret service,
and with several others sent to report to the Hon.
Jake Thompson, formerly Secretary of the In
terior under Buchanan, but who was then the ac
credited head of the confederate government,
with headquarters in Canada. I was assigned to
the command of the Department of Ohio, with
headquarters at Sandusky.
"Major Tom Hinds, now a judge at Bowling
Green, Kentucky, had the State of Illinois, with
his headquarters at Chic3go. Major Castleman
had Indiana, with his headquarters at Centralia.
At all of these places we had Northern allies
working in conjunction with us.
"At Camp Douglass, near Chicago, there were
about 8,000 confederate prisoners; at Camp Chase,
near Columbus, Ohio, about 8,000 more, and at
Camp Morton, near Indianapolis, about 4,000.
On Johnson's Island, in Sandusky Bay, there were
about 3,200 confederate officers confined. The
object was to simultaneously release all these
prisoners, and officer the men in the other three
camps with the officers on Johnson's Island.
" The time selected for making the assault upon
these camps was to be gauged by General Early's
attack upon Washington, so as to make it impos
sible for any of the troops to be sent North to
reinforce the limited number of Federal soldiers
then in the Northwest. There were not enough
there to materially interfere with our plans.
" If you will remember, the Democratic National
Convention was held at Chicago about that time,
and it was first intended to take advantage of its
meeting to make the attack. We had 4,000 men
in Chicago, while the convention was in session,
ready to do the work. Early's delay in striking
Washington, and the arguments of our Northern
allies that the attack should be deferred, caused
"I have always thought the delay was a mis
take, for there certainly was never a time when
there was such a feeling in the Northwest against
the war, and such a necessity for troops at the
front, as in July, 1864.
" The Northwest was selected as the basis of
our operations because there was great rebellion
there against conscriptions and the people were
generally tired of the war. Then, too, we had
bolder and stronger friends in that section than
in the East. Those who were willing to do and
dare more to aid us.
" The 4,000 men in Chicago the time the con
vention met were not all regular confederates,
but many of them were Northern friends ready
to assist the confederate authorities commis
sioned to do the work.
"I think that the action of the convention in
declaring the war a failure was, unknown to it,
calculated to further increase the discontent then
being manifested in various sections of the coun
try. The La Crosse Democrat was established at
La Crosse, Wisconsin, for a like purpose, and
Jake Thompson gave Brick Pomeroy confederate
money to establish it. The temper of the paper,
however, was so violent and abusive that it
injured rather than aided our cause.
"When I was assigned to the command at
Sandusky, of course the confederate authorities
recognized the fact that the capture of the man-of-war
Michigan was of vital importance to their
scheme. My instructions, therefore, were to turn
my earnest attention to that duty.
"I went down to Erie, where she was lying
before she was sent up as guard-ship to the pris
oners on Johuson's Island. Through friends I
made the acquaintance of the officers, entertained
them handsomely, and was invited to the ship,
so that when it came to Sandusky I was always
a welcome guest aboard of her.
"I established myself in Sandusky as an oil
speculator, organized the Mount Hope Ofc Com
pany and located a well near Titusville, Pennsyl
vania. I put about $8,000 of confederate gold
into the organization of the company. Judge
Filmore, of Buffalo, was made president, and I
was elected secretary. This gave me a business
standing, and my position as secretary and prac
tical manager of the company readily accounted
for the travel it was necessary for me to do in
furtherance of my military duty. It also ex
plained the abundance of money I had and my
willingness to spend it.
Soon after I reported to Mr. Thompson for
duty I received from him some $60,000 in gold,
a portion of which was deposited to my credit in
the bank of Sandusky. There was also an ac
count kept in Philadelphia with Drexel & Co., in
the name of John Bell, and I had still another at
Belmont, N. Y. The confederacy had plenty of
means in its secret-service fund. I believe there
was something like $6,000,000 altogether to the
credit of the confederate commissioner and his
colleague. Most of it was deposited in the bank
"I, of course, turned my attention to cultivat
ing the acquaintance of officers of the steamer
Michigan, and all military officers stationed at
Sandusky or who came there, as a prerequisite to
success in releasing the confederate prisoners. I
wined and dined the officers continually, and
was on excellent footing with them.
"This was all very well in its way, but I soon
found it necessary to have some men in my em
ploy on board the Michigan, and also on John
son's Island. As the United States Government
wanted both seamen and soldiers, two confeder
ates were enlisted as seamen and sent aboard the
Michigan. Ten of our men were enlisted as sol
diers and went on duty as members of the regi
ment stationed on Johnson's Island. Besides my
good social relations with the officers, you see I
was in a position to be fully posted as to what
was going on, both on the vessel and on the Isl
and. The men I had enlisted as Federal soldiers
were necessarily of infinite value in communi
cating our purposes and their progress to the
confederate officers, and also in getting arms to
"There were, of course, very many ludicrous,
interesting and even thrilling incidents attending
the days, weeks, and months of our preparations
for the assaults. It would take a volume to re
cord them all. We had to keep up constant com
munication with Mr. Thompson, the representa
tive of the confederate government in Canada,
from whom we received all our orders. This was
the more important, as each confederate com
mander in the States acted independently of all
the rest. Thompson was a man of great nerve.
Just such a bold, aggressive spirit as Secretary
Stanton. If he had been Secretary of War, as
Stanton was, he would have given you just the
same kind of an administration.
"Not long before our plans were completed,
Mr. Thompson, at one of our conferences in Can
ada, said he should like to visit and look over
the steamer Michigan before we attacked her,
and also personally inspect the details of my plan
upon the ground.
"'If you think it safe, Mr. Thompson, I should
be exceedingly glad to have you do so.'
"He did not reply, and we parted without my
knowing what his intentions were. A few days
after, while sitting in my room at the West
House, Sandusky, the servant came up and said :
"'Your aunt is in the parlor, and would like
to see you.'
"I told Miss Davis, my assistant, to go down
and invite her up. Of course, I knew it was not
my aunt, but I was never taken by surprise at
anything, and was always on my guard. I sup
posed possibly it was a female courier with orders
" Miss Davis went down to the parlor and in
a moment returned with an elderly lady, nicely
dressed in a style that well became her age.
"When her veil was removed there stood Jake
Thompson. I was wholly taken aback, as the
disguise was perfect, and the assumption of the
character easy and graceful.
"He informed me that he came to visit the
"I immediately sent word to the steamer that
I had a lady relative who had stopped over a
train to visit me; that she had never seen a man-of-war,
and that I should like to bring her aboard.
They returned a cordial invitation, and that
afternoon Mr. Thompson and I went out to the
ship. He went all over it, and in a squeaky
voice put such questions about her construction
and arrangement as a rural female of well ad
vanced years and small opportunities for glean
ing information would be likely to propound. No
one suspected him, and the officers were exceed
ingly polite to the one they afterwards spoke of
as ' My Country Aunt.'
"It was, of course, a great risk for Mr. Thomp
son to run. It took a man of nerve and tact
to succeed. He felt a great interest in the cap
ture of the Michigan, for it was his intention to
board her soon after she was captured, and really
make her the headquarters of the civil power of
the confederacy in the Northwest."
"Our plans were finally matured and it was
decided to make the attack on Monday, the 19th
day of September. The intention was, the moment
the Michigan was captured and the confederate
officers released, to cut all the telegraph wires
leading out of Sandusky, seize a railroad train,
run down to Columbus, assist in releasing the
prisoners there, then run back to Sandusky and
establish the temporary headquarters of the con
federate department of the Northwest. General
Trimble, of Maryland, who was the ranking con
federate officer confined on Johnson's Island, was
to be made commander-in-chief, and I had in my
pocket a commission from the confederate govern
ment appointing him to that position the moment
he was released. I was supplied with other com
missions in blank, all properly signed and at
tested, to give to all other men who enlisted in
the confederate army for this service. This was
done to make them regular confederate soldiers,
so that their services would be legitimate acts of
warfare so long as they obeyed orders.
" Major Hinds, who was in command at Chicago,
and Majr Castleman, who was in command at
Centralia, were to attack Camp Douglass and
Camp Morton simultaneously with my attack
upon Johnson's Island. This would release twenty
thousand confederate soldiers, and there were
thirty-two hundred officers on Johnson's Island
ready to command them. Major Hinds at Chicago
was also charged with the duty of capturing one
of the iron steamers plying between G rand Haven,
Mich., and Milwaukee, Wis.
" Through some misunderstanding none of the
others made the attack, although I telegraphed
before leaving Detroit on the morning of the
19th to Charley Walsh, a citizen of Chicago, who
was Major Hind's assistant and is now street
commissioner of that city, as follows:
"Detkoit, September 19, 1864.
"Close out all the stock in the Mount Hope
Oil Company before three o'clock to-day. Be
prompt. C. H. Cole."
"This meant that the attack would be made
on the Michigan at five o'clock that evening.
"All dispatches relating to our military duties
were in relation to the Mount Hope Oil Com
pany, and could be easily translated into their
proper significance by any one in the secret.
"I left Sandusky for Detroit on Saturday, with
all arrangements perfected. We had previously
determined to capture the rhilo Parsons, a vessel
plying in the lake trade, for service in transport
ing our troops, etc. I was to go aboard of her at
Detroit, and the men who were to assist in her
capture were to get on at the various points at
which she touched on the Canadian shore.
"I went aboard the Parsons at four o'clock on
the evening of September 18th, and spent most
of my time with Captain Atwood, her com
mander. With the capture in view I had made
his acquaintance some time before, and frequently
came over on his vessel. She left the wharf on
the morning of the 19th and touched at her
various stopping places on the Canadian side of
the Detroit Eiver. At Windsor and at Maiden
my men got on board. Of course I never indi
cated an acquaintance with any of them. I was
in the pilot-house with Captain Atwood when
we touched at both places, so that I could note
the men as they came on and be where they
could see me. At Maiden, Atwood, observing
the unusual number of seedy-looking men get
ting aboard, said:
"'How many skedaddlers are coming on this
morning? These fellows are all well off; they
run out of the United States to escape the draft
and are now returning. They look hard, but all
of them have means and are men of position.'
" ' Yes, poor fellows,' I replied, ' they have had
a hard time.' We watched them bring on their
rickety baggage, and when all were aboard we
steamed off. J. Yates Beale, my second officer,
was in readiness for the work, and when we left
Maiden I gave him a signal to assign the men to
their positions. He did so. A fine engineer, well
armed, was placed near the engine, and one of the
men, well equipped for the work, appointed to
every important place on the boat. I was in the
pilot-house with the Captain, for I preferred to
deal with him myself. When Beale had every
thing in readiness he gave the signal and I
clapped my revolver, which I wore beneath my
overcoat, to Captain Atwood's head and said:
" ' Captain, you are my prisoner.'
"'What's the matter, Cole?' he asked, in great
"'You are my prisoner. I take possession of
this ship in the name of the Confederate States
Government. Go below.'
The arrest of the captain was immediately
followed by the capture of the men by other
soldiers. When they were all secured we sent
them below, put the hatches downand were safe
from any interruption from that quarter. As
soon as possible the passengers were assured that
they should not be molested. The American
flag was then hauled down and the stars and bars
run up, with the announcement :
" This flag is a guarantee of protection to wo
men and children."
"This assurance was sacredly kept, although
it cost some effort. The regular confederate
soldiers who were with me were perfect gentle
men, but some of those hired from Philadelphia,
New York, and other cities, were not. It was
necessary to put some of them overboard to make
good the promise given when the confederate
flag was hoisted. They went.
"About half-past twelve, after we had every
thing running smoothly on the Parsons, we
sighted Put-in-Bay Island. The Island Queen,
bound for Cleveland, was lying at the wharf
unloading freight. She carried a large number
of passengers, among them three hundred un
armed soldiers, going to Cleveland to get mus
tered out. We run alongside of her, made fast
and captured her, as we had done the Parsons,
giving and keeping the same assurances of pro
tection to passengers, especially women and
children. We then steered the two steamers
toward Fighting Island, and put the passengers
ashore. There was no possible means of escape,
and therefore no danger that they would give
warning. We then steamed off toward the
Michigan, which lay in sight."
"Were your men well armed?"
"Yes. They had plenty of first-class revolvers,
and each man carried a hatchet. When I was
on trial they undertook to put a false construction
upon the object for which these weapons were
carried. They were simply to be used in case of
a fight, to resist boarders who might undertake
to attack the vessel in small boats. As forcibly
as I would have protected the passengers of the
ships and the women and children, so would I
have forbidden any cruelty or other acts not
well recognized as legitimate in modern warfare.
"Before going to Detroit I had arranged to
give the officers of the Michigan an entertain
ment on board that evening at five o'clock, and
had sent the wine and other requisites to the
vessel before I left Sandusky. Therefore my
coming on board that day excited no suspicion.
I left the Parsons in a small boat and rowed
directly to the Michigan. Our plan was to cap
ture the ship by strategy. Consequently I had
arranged this entertainment so as to be on board
when the work was done. The men selected to
make the capture were to come out from the
shore in small boats, ostensibly fistnng, and sur
round the Michigan. When I went aboard they
were to draw nearer to the ship, and at a given
signal from me they were to board her, put down
the hatches, and the vessel would be ours with
out firing a gun. Everything worked like a
charm, but I was sanguine of success and de
layed giving the signal just one moment too long.
I was captured myself, instead of capturing the
Michigan. Looking back upon the whole thing
now it seems like a divine interposition in behalf
of the Union cause. The guns of the Michigan
were always shotted, and I carried on my person
primers with which to fire them. Had we cap
tured her, our demand for the surrender of the
island with the prisoners on it could not have
been refused. With the only armed vessel on
the lakes in our possession, the towns and cities
on their banks would have been virtually at our
mercy. With the Parsons and Island Queen we
had captured, and the Georgian we had purchased
some time before, and which was now plying
along the Canada shore loadedj.with arms, we
had ample transportation facilities, and with an
iron vessel on Lake 'Michigan the whole com
merce of the lakes would have been absolutely
at our command. With a confederate army of
20,000 men added to this water advantage sta
tioned in a section where our cause had many
friends, and where discontent at the war was
daily spreading, this would have given us an
advantage that could not have been overthrown.
" There were the men all ready and wondering
why the signal was not given. There were the
Parsons and Island Queen lying in sight in the
hands of friends. On Johnson's Island were our
three thousand Confederate officers well informed
of our plans, with fifteen hundred navy revolvers
distributed among them, and but sixhundred
soldiers guarding them. The Michigan was the
only enemy on the lakes and the only one that
could be gotten there.
" I was in the ward-room drinking wine with the
officers, and was just making an excuse to go on
deck to give the signal when an officer from
Johnson's Island stepped aboard the Michigan
and approaching me, said :
" Captain Cole, you are my prisoner."
"'Captain of what?' I asked with a laugh ;
'certainly no one accuses me of being a soldier."
No,' replied the officer, whom I knew well ;
' but here is a telegram saying you are a con
federate spy, and are in a conspiracy to capture
Johnson's Island. It orders your arrest. We
must, at least, take you into custody."
" Oh, that's all right," I answered, although I
felt it was all up with us. A moment later,
however, and it would have been all up with
"'Sergeant, search him!" ordered the officer.
" The sergeant began his work, and almost the
first thing he found was my commission from the
confederate government. Of course, that was
enough. I was put under arrest and closely
" What became of your men ? v
" The moment it was found I was an enemy
they demanded to know who, beside myself, were
in the conspiracy. Quick as a flash I thought:
'Here is a chance to save the men.' I named
twelve of the most prominent citizens of San
dusky I could think of, knowing that they would
be at once arrested, and suspecting that my fe
male accomplice in the city, who was watching
the bay for the signal of success, would be warn
ed of my capture and doubtless alarm the men
in the boats. I was not mistaken. The first
man arrested was Mr. West, who kept the hotel
where we stopped. She knew I had failed the
moment it occured. Quickly slipping from the
hotel she took a small boat, rowed out and gave
the alarm to the men in the fishing boats, and
they to the Parsons and Queen. Beale scuttled
the Queen and sunk her in sight of the Michigan,
and running the Parsons over to the Canada
shore sunk her too. Every man but myself es
caped. Anna Davis also got away, but she was
captured a day or two after when she came back
to bring notice from the confederate government
that they would hold two officers as a ransome
for me, and would execute them if I was dealt
with except as a confederate soldier engaged in
legitimate acts of warfare.
"After m$- arrest I was kept confined onboard
the Michigan until after General Dix, General
Heintzelman, and General Hitchcock came to
make the investigation. I was then removed to
"I had some $3,000 in gold and something over
$2,000 in greenbacks, which the Government con
fiscated, as it did the steamer Georgian after the
failure of our enterprise. Before leaving Detroit
to capture the Parsons I transferred to Anna
Davis all my interest in the Mount Hope Oil
Company, as she was a British subject and could
hold them, as I could not after the attack, whether
I was successful or unsuccessful."
TTo be continued.!
OLD GUARD IAEDALS.
The Grant Guard of the Chicago Convention,
the memorable 306, are to be made immortal in
bronze, by the presentation of a large medal to
each, prepared in St. Louis, under the direction
of Mr. Filley. A St. Louis dispatch to the World
thus describes the medal: "On the centre is a
profile head of General Grant, which is a perfect
likeness. Underneath and extending round the
head is a wreath of laurel and oak leaves.
Eound this is a slightly raised circle, outside of
which is the record of the Grant ballots arranged
in a complete circle, the number of each ballot
and the cast being set down in separate spaces.
The record begins at the exact centre of the bot
tom, when the medal is held in its proper posi
tion, and reads as follows : 304, 305, 305, 305, 305,
305, 305, 306, 306, 305, 305,304, 305, 305, 306, 306,
303, 305, 305, 306, 305, 305, 304, 305, 302, 303, 306,
307, 305, 307, 308, 309, 309, 312, 313, 306. Between
the first and thirty-sixth ballots, which meet at
the bottom of the ring, a star is engraved. After
the seventeenth, which reaches the point diam
etrically opposite the star, the numbers reverse
so that the figures can be read without turning
the medal round. Outside the record and along
the rim a wreath of fleur de lis is handsomely
worked, completing the face. On the reverse
side, inscribed in the centre circle, are these
words : ' Commemoration of the thirty-six ballots
of the Old Guard for Ulysses S. Grant for Presi
dent, Republican National Convention, Chicago,
June, 1830.' All the lines are straight save the
first and last, which curve gracefully, parallel
with the edge. Surrounding the lettering is a
simple border, completing the reverse side. At
the centre of the top is a hole in which to place
General Lucius F. Hubbard, the new Governor
of Minnesota, commanded a brigade at the battle
of Nashville. In the heat of the fight General
Thomas directed Hubbard to double-quick, in the
face of a murderous fire, to a rebel battery on a
hilltop. The charge was one of the most daring
of the war. Hubbard took the battery, but lost
many of his men and himself got an ugly wound.