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THE NATIONAL TBIBUNE: WASHINGTON. D. C, FEBRUARY 11, 1882.
THE OLD FARM.
BY CJ.AKA B. TROWBRIDGE.
Out in the meadow, the ! .
Old and gray, and fronting the West.
Many a callow thither flics
Twittering under the evening skies,
In the old chimneys builds her nest.
h how the sounds make our old hearts swell !
Send them again on an eager quest;
Bid the sweet winds of heaven tell
Those we have loved so long and well
Come again home to the dear old nest.
When the gray evening, cool and still,
Hushes the brain and heart to rest,
Memory comes with a joyous thrill,
Brings the young children back at will,
Calls them all home to the gray old nest.
Patient we wait till the golden morn
Rise on our weariness half-confessed ;
'Till, with the darkness gone,
Hope shall arise with another dawn,
And a new day to the sad old nest.
Soon shall we see all the eager East
Bright with the Day-star, at heaven's behest ;
Soon from the bondage of clay released,
Rise to the Palace, the King's own feast,
Birds of flight from the last year's nest.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington, D. C.
Correspondence Is solicited to this column. Commu
nications addressed to the Rural Department of The
National Tribunb, 615 Fifteenth Street, Washington,
D. C, -will be appreciated.
The conductor of Rural Topics is very desirous
that the publisher of The National Tribune
should be placed in possession of the address of
either the Master, Secretary, or Lecturer of each
and every Subordinate Grange, so that a copy of
the paper may fee furnished for perusal by its
members. It is proposed to make the paper a
welcome visitor to the home of every member of
the Order, and the Rural Topics column mil, if
possible, be kept up to the progressive plane of
other departments of the paper.
Grapes. In introducing a new grape is it
considered the highest praise that can be given,
to state that it is as good as the Catawba and as
hardy as the Corcord. From this standard of
comparison the idea is conveyed that the Catawba
is a tender variety, which is not, strictly speak
ing, the case. As ordinarily understood, hardi
ness means the amount of cold which a plant
will endure without injury, and mainly depend
ing upon latitude or elevation ; but in regard to
our native grapes, hardiness is indicated by their
freedom from mildew and other injuries to their
foliage during summer, which enfeebles their
vitality, checks their growth so as to prevent
maturity of the young shoots, which are then
readily destroyed by frosts during winter. Thus
it happens that while the Catawba is hardy on
the hillsides which borders lakes in western
New York, it is tender (in the sense of fruit pro
duction) in many parts of Pennsylvania, Mary
land, and Virginia. And what is true of the
Catawba is also true of all the best varieties,
such, as the Iona, Delaware, Eumelan, Walter,
Diana, Croton, and many others they can only
be grown in certain localities. But the strong
leaved varieties, such as Concord, Hartford Pro
lific, Ives, Martha, Perkins, and many others
with robust foliage and coarse fruits, are culti
vated everywhere because they will grow every
where, and not because they are selected for their
superior quality of fruit.
The truth probably is that all native grapes
are about as hardy as the Concord, provided the
testis made in localities favorable to their growth.
TVhen these localities are found anywhere within
thelimit of grape-vins growth, all are alike hardy
and productive. Of course we exclude varieties
of southern origin, such as the Scuppernong, and
also various seedlings which have originated in
the southern States from southern forms of other
species besides those of which the Scuppernong
is a type.
To be strictly conscientious in the matter of
introducing a new grape to the public, it is not
enough simply to state that is hardy ; the limits
of sfs hardiness is the main point of importance,
and in justice to purchasers this should be men
tioned so far as known. To a certain extent this
matter has now nearly remedied itself, as the effort
to possess new grapes merely on their announce
ment a3 such, is not so active as formerly, owing
to constant and grevious disappointments in the
fruits failing to come up to their described value.
Ozone Preservative. Prof. E. B. Warder,
a well-known chemist of Cincinnati, has branded
the "ozone preservative," advertised all over the
country, as a deception and fraud. He says the
black powder which, on being burned in a closed
room is to pervade it with this t:new" preserva
tive agent, is dry and tasteless, and has a distinct
smell of cinnamon; it burns with a pale blue
flame and the emission of the familiar ordor of
the first ignition of a sulphur match. On analy
sis it was found to consist of sulphur 93.7 parts,
carbon 4.6. and other matter of no importance
making up the small residue of 1.7 per cent.
Sulphur is yellow, but this powder is black ; and
the microscope shows that this transmission is
effected by covering, or glazing as it were, the
particles of sulphur with very finely divided
carbon, probably lamp-black ; then, the color of
the sulphur being thus securely masked, its odor
is concealed also by a little oil of cinnamon ; and
the mixture is sold at about thirty times the cost
of the sulphur, its most expensive and only really
ToiiAcco? A Belgian paper states that " every
year 'in Tlmringia there is consumed a thousand
tons of beet leaves transformed into tobacco. The
same leaves, as well as those of chicory and of the
cabbage, undergo the same metamorphosis at
Madebourg and in the Palatinate. Vevay cigars
are of the same."
Probably this is one way of utilizing the by
products of the sugar-from-beet industry in Eu
rope. SOLANUM Fendleri. This wild potato is
found growing in some of the western plains.
Dr. Palmer of the Smithsonian Institution
brought a quantity of the tubers to the Eastern
States in 1869 for the purpose of testing their
value under cultivation. In his remarks upon
the "Food Products of the North American In
dians " he mentions that he found the plant in
great abundance in that portion of northern
New Mexico lying between Fort Wingate and
Fort Defiance. The Navajo Indians inhabit this
section, and this native potato forms one of their
chief articles of diet in winter. The women dig
the roots with whatever implements they can
get, often using a strong, smooth piece of wood
with a wedge-shaped end. The plant grows in
low, rich spots, and by spring the earth is torn
up in every conceivable direction in search for
potatoes. The tubers are quite small, one-half
to three-quarters of an inch in diameter, of good
taste, and somewhat like a boiled chesnut.
Three years of cultivation did not perceptibly
increase the size of the tubers, and during a wet
season they were considerably affected with rot.
It was also expected that a new race of potatoes
might be obtained by hybridizing with the com
mon cultivated sort, but no perfect flowers could
be secured from the wild species, and in conse
quence no improvements in this line could be
The Patuxent Strawberry. This straw
berry was first sent out by the Agricultural De
partment at Washington some twelve years ago,
and for several years afterwards it formed part
of the yearly distributions of that office. It was
selected for its exquisite flavor and sweetness.
It is in favorable localities a very productive
variety, few kinds excelling it in the quantity
produced, and it is especially noted for the great
uniformity in the size of its fruit, the last pick
ings being scarcely inferior to the first in respect
to size and appearance.
The editor of Funics Fruit Recorder, who ap
pears to possess a special faculty for picking out
the "wheat from the chaff" among the per
plexities of fruit lists, has the following remarks
in reference to this strawberry:
" Were we called upon to name the strawberry
that could come the nearest to our ideal of a
perfect berry, in shape, color, size, and flavor, it
would be this sort. It is what might be called
oblongish-conical in shape, averaging 1 to If
inches long and 1 to II inches through j color,
rich glossy scarlet; flavor, spicy, sweet, and de
licious, and very juicy. No small berries, averag
ing good size right through, and yields a very
large crop. Easily picked and hulled. For table
use or eating out of hand it has no superior on
Common Names of Plants. The use of
what are known as common names to plants is a
frequent source of annoyance. A correspondent 1
asks if it is a fact, that by wrapping a piece of
tough mutton or beef in the leaves of the papaw
tree that it will become succulent and tender in
the course of a few hours. Having seen this
statement, the trial was made with freshly
gathered leaves, but without any effect whatever.
The leaves used were those of the Asimina
triloba, or common papaw, whichis common on
the banks of streams, and on low rich soils
throughout the Middle and Western States.
This property of disintegrating animal fibres
is attributed to the Carica Papaya, a tropical
plant, also known as the papaw tree. This tTee
is a native of South America, but widely dis
persed in the West and East Indies and Southern
Florida. It is said that the juice of this tree
causes a separation of the muscular fibres. By
some it is maintained that this effect is secured
by merely suspending meat beneath the foliage
of the tree during the night ; others place greater
reliance in wrapping the tmeat in the leaves for
a few hours, with a portion of the fruit of the
When the juice of this papaw is treated with
water the greater part dissolves ; but there re
mains a substance insoluble, which has a greasy
appearance; it softens in the air and becomes
viscid, brown, and semi-transparent. When
thrown on burning coals it melts, and drops of
grease exude, which emit the noise of meat
roasting, and produces a smoke which has the
odor of fat volatilized, and leaves behind no
residue. The substance is fibrine, which is rarely
found in vegetables.
Cultivating Meadows. It is customary to
cultivate corn, tobacco, cotton, potatoes, &c, but
the stirring of the soil over the roots of wheat,
barley, oats, rye, or any of the fodder grasses, is
seldom thought of, and still less frequently prac
ticed. The first -mentioned group of plants are
grown in rows, so as to admit of such culture of
the soil as may be considered necessary, but
mostly the cereals are sown broadcast over the
surface, although the drilling system at least,
with the wheat crop is the prevailing method
which is adopted by the best farmers, and it is
very generally the opinion of those who have
experimented in this line, that by seeding thin
and then cultivating between the rows, a much
stronger and healthier growth would result, and
in due time a correspondingly improved crop.
Cultivation can also be extended, and with muck
advantage, to old root-bound meadows. This is
effected by running a subsoil plough through
the tough sod any time during winter or early
spring, which will loosen the understrata of soil,
with but little of disturbance of the upper sur
face, and with marked increase in the growth of
the grasses. A heavy roller should be passed
over the surface after the plowing is completed,
to reader it smooth and compact.
Management of Peach Trees. On this
subject a successful fruit grower writes as fol
"I commenced the shortening-in system of
pruning the peach when the trees were six years
old, and by trying a few trees the first season.
The result was so very satisfactory the trees so
pruned yielding nearly as much in quantity and
the fruit of double and sometimes treble the size
that I went over nearly the whole orchard the
following season. A few trees have been left
without pruning until the present, for the sake
of experiment, although, after two years' experi
ence, there was no doubt in my mind about its
beneficial effects. The benefits accruing are
treble: first, an increased market value of the
fruit; second, a more handsome, vigorous, and
healthy tree ; and, third, a great saving of labor
and time in thinning the fruit. We all know
what an unsightly object an old peach-tree be
comes when left to itself. A few long, lean, skel
eton branches, with nearly all the foliage and
fruit at the extreme ends, will correctly describe
them. All this can be remedied, and handsome,
round, compact heads, well filled with foliage
and fruit throughout, secured by the simple pro
cess of shortening-in. I usually choose mild
weather in the late fall or winter in which to
perform the work. Early spring is just as good
a time, only our duties are more pressing then,
and if put off until that time is very apt to be
neglected. Occasionally I have found it of great
advantage to cut back some of the longest
branches to where they are an inch to an inch
and one-half in diameter, but usually it is only
necessary to shorten the new growth from one
half to two-thirds shortening the longer
growths the most. My trees so treated exhibit
all the beauty and vigor of form and growth at
twelve years of age usually seen in trees of four
and five years. When the season for thinning
the fruit arrives, I find it takes only about one
third the time to do it. This of itself would pay
if there were no other benefits, as at that time
we are driven with all kinds of work, and are
apt to neglect, or, at best, slight, this very neces
sary labor. For I hold that no man who raises
peaches for market can afford to let his trees
mature a great mass of small, inferior fruit,
which will bring next to nothing, when, by
judicious thinning, he can get the highest mar
ket price. On my younger orchards I have
commenced cutting back at four years from
setting, but shortening only the leading shoots
the first season."
Rock-Work in Gardens. A small rock
work may be made a very interesting feature in
the pleasure garden. We do not mean by this
an effort to imitate natural rocks or rocky scen
ery, which is seldom satisfactory when attempt
ed, and is always costly. We mean, simply, to
cover over a slight mound of soil with pieces of
rocks, leaving interstices between them, where
plants may be inserted ; or a more elaborate out
line may be made by adding cement and small
stones, or, preferably, clinkers from coal-burning
furnaces, and with these materials forming a se
ries of plant-pockets. Many of our charming
native plants will flourish when planted among
stones and small rocks, that would not succeed
in the more open and exposed flower beds. The
trailing arbutus, the partridge-berry, the dog's
tooth violet, blood root, Gentians, and Pyrolas,
may be mentioned as indicative of the kind
of plants which may be placed on a rock-work
such as we have in view. We will not quarrel
with those who may consider that this does not
deserve the name of rock-work, as, strictly speak
ing, it has but little of pretension in that way.
For early blossoms, crocus, snowdrops, some of
the smaller narcissus, and tulips, may be planted,
and ferns, and even mosses from the woods, will
here find a suitable habitat.
But this should not be given a conspicuous po
sition on the lawn ; it is not in 'keeping with
elaborate flower beds and smooth shaven grass.
Let it be located in some secluded spot, shut in
on all sides by shrubbery, and if partially
shaded by trees so much the better, and reached
by a winding path or walk, and no principle of
good taste will be violated.
Large Yields of Corn. Professor Beal, of
the Agricultural College, Lansing, Mich., says
that " the average yield of corn in many of the
best States for this cereal does not exceed 40
bushels per acre. A hundred bushels to the
acre was once thought incredible, but now it is
nothing extraordinary. During the past summer
on Long Island, on the farm belonging to the
editor of the Rural New Yorker, a yield of four
acres averaged 113.69 bushels of shelled corn per
acre. The largest yield of any one acre was
159.37 bushels of shelled corn. The variety is
known as the Chester County Mammoth. Another
field of about seven-eighths of an acre of Blount
corn yielded at the rate of 134.44 bushels of
shelled corn per acre. E. F. Bowditch, Farming
ham, Mass., the past season had a field of 111
acres which yielded on the average 109J bushels
of shelled corn of prime quality per acre. The
cost per bushel of ears was 16 cents. The
largest yield on one acre to my knowledge is that
of Dr. Parker, of South Carolina. The yield
was 200 bushels and 2 quarts of shelled corn
per acre. The land was underdrained, highly
manured, highly cultivated, closely planted, and
Experiment in Deep Plowing. In 1868
an experiment was made by the director of the
experimental farm of Eastern Russia in growing
the sugar beet on two plots of ground, each
containing six hectares, or about 14 1 acres. One
of the lots, designated A, was plowed to the
depth of nine inches; the other, designated B,
was plowed nine inches deep, then, in the same
furrow, five inches deeper, and then stirred,
without turning over, to a further depth of seven
inches, making in all a depth of twenty-one
inches. In other respects the lots were treated
alike, both receiving the same manures. The
result was, that A produced eighty-two measures
of roots, and B one hundred and ninety measures.
The proportion of saccharine matter in the pro
duct of A was 11.15 per cent.; in that of B 15.22
per cent. Consequently, the crop of B contained
more than three times the amount of sugar that
was found in the product of A.
Purification of Milk. Milk, when drawn
from the cow, often contains taints and odors
introduced by the cow from an impure atmos
phere she has been compelled to breathe, from
impure or filthy water she has drunk, and from
improper food she has eaten. These taints and
odors may be called natural taints and odors;
the three last may always be avoided by proper
care in furnishing the cow pure air to breathe,
pure water to drink, and suitable food to eat;
but the first (the animal odor) is always present
whenever the milk is drawn from the cow, but
always varied in intensity or degree of ofiensive
ness by the condition of the atmosphere, the
temperature of the atmosphere, the condition of
the cow in regard to sickness or health, the food
she eats, the water she drinks, the air she
breathes, and last, but not least, by the treat
ment she receives. Nearly, if not all, these
natural taints and odors may be expelled from
the milk by heating it to 140 as soon as it is
drawn from the cow, and then aerating it while
Rot in Grapes. Evidence seems to be accu
mulating that grape rot is caused by fungus
growth on the surface of the berries. Placing
the bunches in paper bags is said to prevent them
from rot, provided that they are covered before
the fungus attacks them. To make sure of suc
cess it should be done very soon after the berries
are formed ; it is therefore necessary to provide
bags large enough to allow for the expansion of
the bunch. The effect of the covering is some
what to retard the ripening of the fruit, which,
in some cases, may be an advantage.
The Cuthrert Raspberry. This is one of
the most robust in growth, hardiest, and prolific
of good fruit of all our raspberries. When prop
erly managed, by summer pruning the young
canes during their growth, it becomes as robust
and sturdy as a diminutive tree, and supports
itself firmly without the assistance of stakes.
The treatment of raspberry plantations has much
improved of late years. As the culture of crops
extend, appliances and methods are reduced to
the most economical and systematic basis, and
growers of so-called small fruits have not been
behind hand in this respect.
Feeding Corn to Horses. When com on
the ear is fed to herses, they masticate it much
more slowly than if the corn was shelled. As a
consequence, that on the ear is better digested.
A horse requires more time to eat corn on the
ear than if fed either meal or shelled corn. If
the horse cannot have time to masticate a full
feed of unshelled corn, then it is best to feed some
Nutritive Food. We are often asked to
name a plant that will grow well, and furnish
nutritive food for stock, on poor, sandy and grav
elly soils. We do not know of any plant which
will meet these requirements. Even the best
grasses when grown on manured land give a
more nutritive fodder, richer, especially in albu
minoids, than when grown upon unmanured or
poorly manured land. The difference is some
times as great as ten per cent.
S3ioke as a Protection against Frost. In
localities where late frosts occasionally injure the
young growths and blossoms of orchard trees and
vineyards, it is a good practice to have on hand
distributed over the orchard at proper distances
a quantity of dried brush with old, damp hay
or straw, or dry weeds of any kind, so as to be
available for making a fire and producing a dense
smoke when frosty nights occur. A single night's
freezing often destroys what would have been a
valuable crop if the trees had been protected by
a mantle of smoke for one night only. This is
an old and time-worthy expedient, not so often
employed as it might be in saving crops.
The Death of the Water Lily. I am
always in hope of seeing one of these beautiful
lilies in the act of dying; it is so lovely a flower
death there is no pain in it. When the seed
ripens in the lily-cap and her bloom is over, she
does not cast her seed to the four winds of
heaven to decay or grow as incident may de
termine, but she slowly turns her pale face and
rests it upon the water, while the seeds sink in
a golden shower back to the parent stem, far be
neath the water ; thus they never leave their
parent lake, but remain there forever. E.
FROST-BITES AND CHILBLAINS.
Probably no other forms of accident or injury
come upon us so unexpectedly as those due to
excessive cold. As a general thing we are not
aware that a part is being frozen until the
mischief is already done. This is due to the fact
that one of the effects of severe cold is to destroy
the sensitiveness of the parts exposed. Surgeons
make use of this fact in small operations and
cool the parts by artificial cold. The ears, the
nose, sometimes the cheeks, and the hands and
feet are the parts most liable to be frozen. One
of the first effects of freezing is to stop the
circulation of the blood, and any part in which
the circulation is checked by other means is all
the more likely to be frozen. The old-fashioned
skates, held on by numerous tight straps across
the ieet, are dangerous on this account, as to
keep them in place the straps are drawn so
tightly as to impede the circulation in the feet,
and frost-bitten feet are often the consequence.
Though the operation of freezing is painless, a
sudden thawing is attended with inflammation
and great pain. The thawing should be very
slow, in order that the circulation in the parts
may be restored gradually. For this reason it is
advised to rub the frozen parts with snow, br, in
the absence of that, with water made as cold as
possible with ice. It is said that in Russia,
when one observes that another's face or nose is
being frozen, it is an act of common politeness to
catch up a handful of snow and apply it to the
face of the unfortunate, even if he is a stranger.
In cases of severe freezing, besides gradual
thawing by the use of snow or ice, a physician
should bf called, as it may be that proper pre
cautions are needed to prevent mortification of
the parts. It is not necessary for the feet to be
actually frozen to produce chilblains. The term
frost-bitten is usually applied to such cases.
Children often suffer greatly from getting their
feet very cold and then going to the fire to warm
them. The circulation is disturbed and the parts
remain exceedingly sensitive to future changes
of cold and heat. Chilblains vary from a slight
inflammation to severe cases in which the skin
breaks and even ulcers are formed. Of course,
such cases require professional treatment. To
allay the intense itching and pain of ordinary
chilblains, a great number of applications huve
been used. An ounce of sulphate of zinc (white
vitriol) in a pint of water, or an ounce of sal
ammoniac dissolved in half a pint each of vinegar
and alcohol are among the washes often used.
It is stated, on good authority, though we have
not had occasion to try it, that the application of
ordinary kerosene oil is very efficacious in allay
ing the itching and pain. American Agriculturist.
This Claim House Estab
lished in 18651
GEORGE E. LEMON,
OFFICES, 615 Fifteenth St., (Citizens' National Bank,)
WASHINGTON, D. C.
P. O. Drawer 325.
If wounded, injured, or have contracted any disease,
however slight the disability, apply at once. Thousands
"Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fathers,
and minor brothers and sisters, in the order named, are
War of 1812.
11 surviving officers and soldiers of this war, whether
in the Military or Naval service of the United States, who
served fourteen (11) days; or, if in a battle er skirmish,
for a less period, and the widows of such who have not
remarried, are entitled to a pension of eight dollars a
month. Proof of loyalty is no longer required in theeo
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than formerly, and
many are now entitled to a higher rate tlian they receive.
From and after January, 18S1. 1 shall make no charges
for rav services in claims for increase of pension, where no
new disability is alleged, unless successful in procuring
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners w!io have been unjustly dropped from the
pensien roll, or whose names have been stricken there
from by reason of failure to draw their pension for a pe
riod of three years, or by reason of re-enlistment may
have their pensions renewed by corresponding with thlj
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in another,
is not a bar to pension in cases where the wound, disease,
or injury was incurred while in the service of the United
States, and in the line of duty.
Survivors of all wars from 1790, to March 3, 1855. and
certain heirs are entitled to one hundred and sixty acres
of land, if not already received. Soldiers of the late we?
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest mar
ket rates, and assignment perfected.
Prisoners of War.
Ration money promptly collected.
Amounts clue collected without unnecessary delay,
t-uch claims ,-annct be collected without the furlough.
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims oi this character promptly attended to. Many
claims of tais character have been erroneously rejected.
Correspondence in such cases is respectfully invited.
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in States
not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special attention,
provided they were filed before January 1, 18SO. If not
tiled prior to that date they are barred by statute of limi
tation. In addition to the above we prosecute Military and
Naval claims of every description, procure Patents.Trade
Marks. Copyrights, attend to business before the General
Land Office and other Bureaus of the Interior Depart
ment, and all the Departments of the Government
"We invite correspondence from all interested, assuring
them of the utmost promptitude, energy, and thorough
ness in all matters intrusted to our hands.
GEORGE E. LEMON.
As this may reach the hands of some persona une
quainted with this House, we append hereto, as spec!
mens of the testimonials in our possession, copies of let
ters from several gentlemen of Political and Military
distinction, and widely known throughout the United
Belvidere, Iix., October 24, 1875.
I take great pleasure in recommending Captain Geoegm
E. Lemon, now of "Washington, D. C, to all persons who
may have claims to settle or other business to prosecute
before the Departments at "Washington. I know him to
be thoroughly qualified, well acquainted with the laws,
and with Department rules in all matters growing out
of the late war, especially in the Paymaster's and Quar
termaster's Offices. I have had occasion to employ him
for friends of mine, also, in the soliciting of Patents, and
have found him very active, well-informed and success
ful. As a gallant officer during the war, and an hon
orable and successful practitioner, I recommend Mm
stronglv to all who may need his services.
S. A. HURLBUT, M. C,
Fourth Congressional District, Illinois.
Late Major-General, U. S. YoU.
Citizens' National Bank,
"Washington, D. C, January 17, 1879.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and agent for th
collection of war claims at "Washington city is a thor
ough, able, and exceedingly well-informed man of busi
ness, of high character, and entirely responsible. I be
lieve that the interests of all having war claims requiring
adjustment cannot be confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CBESWELL,
"W. F. ROACH,
House of Representatives,
"Washington, D. C, March , 1S75.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain Georgi
E, Lemon of this city, I cheerfully commend him as ft
gentleman of integrity and worth, and well qualified to
attend to the collection of Bounty and other claliss
against the Government. His experience in that Una
give him superior advantages.
' "W. P. SPRAGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRAVv'BRIDGE, M. C,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
nousE of Representatives,
"Washington, D. C, March 1, 1878.
"We, the undersigned, having an acquaintance with
Captain George E. Lemon for the past few years, and
knowledge of the systematic manner in which he con
ducts his extensive business and of his reliability for falx
and honorable dealings connected therewith, cheerfully
commend him to claimants generallv.
A. V. RICE,Chainnan,
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Heps.
"W. F. SLEMONS. M. C,
Second District of Ark.
"W. P. LYNDE. M. C,
Fourth District of Wis.
R. W". TOWNSHEND, M. C,
Nineteenth District of III.
4 Any person desiring information as to my stand
ing and responsibility will, on request, be furnished with
a satisfactory reference in his vicinity or Congressional
George E, Lemon3 Att'y at Law,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Send sketch or model for Preliminary Examination
and Opinion as to Patentability, for which No Charge
fcflmade. If reported patentable, no charge for seryicea
Unless Successful. Send for Pamphlet of Instructions.
ESTABLISHED IN 1865.