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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, FEBRUARY 25, 1882.
who practice it should be treated as other viola
tors of the law. The crime is not any more tol
erable because it is practiced under the guise of
religion, and in a remote region of the country,
and it is absurd to send a resident of New York
to the penitentiary for an offense which in Utah
is allowed to go unpunished.
A good deal has been said in the newspapers
about the secret preparations which the Mor
mons are alleged to be making to defend their
so-called rights by force of arms. We do not
credit these reports. Certainly any overt act on
their part, in the present state ol popular feeling,
would be simply an invitation to destruc
tion. Our little army of Regulars could be
reinforced at short notice by thousands of volun
teers who wore the blue in the late war
and have not yet forgotten how to win
battles! The struggle would be short and
decisive ; but it is not to be desired. This fair
land of ours have seen enough bloodshed, and
no one wishes to see the sins of the Mormon
leaders visited on their misguided followers. It
will be time enough to resort to gunpowder when
the wisest legislation that Congress can devise
shall have proved inoperative.
But that legislation should be provided as
speedily as possible. There can be no excuse for
delay, and we should be loth to believe that the
influence of Delegate Cannon even if it be true
that he has been probing into the private morals
of our legislators was mightier with our Nation
al Assembly than that of the good men and vir
tuous women of the land. We are sure there is
not a veteran in all the country who would not
shoulder his musket again, to save the Republic
from such dishonor, nor a soldier's widow who
would not rather send her first born to the field
than see the sanctity of home polluted. It is but
a question of a little time. We must rid the
country of this Mormon monster peacibly if we
can, forcibly if we must!
The National Tribune is the only paper in
the country that has not hesitated to meet the
slanderers of the pension claimants on their own
ground, and disprove their charges out of their
own mouths. The facts and figures with which
it has invariably supported its arguments, invite,
like a stone wall, the destruction of all who try
to batter them down.
.Referring to the Pension Arrears Act, which
it denounces in the infamous language of Senator
Beck, the New York Sun is pleased to observe
that "after the official exposures of its prodigious
cost, the ignorance of Congressmen on this sub
ject can no longer exist." The Sun seems to
think the fact that pensions are a charge upon
the Treasury a sufficient reason for opposing
them. With still greater reason it might oppose
the payment of interest on the public debt or
the redemption of the bonds themselves, for these
are by far the heaviest items of Government ex
pense. Twenty years ago this Government asked
the soldier to give his life for it : is it now going
to ask him to forgive it its debt to him on the
contemptible plea that it can't afford to discharge
General Sherman will leave Washington March
1st for a tour of inspection of the Departments of
Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, and will probably
visit the Yosemite Valley and San Francisco before
returning. He will be accompanied by General
Poe and Colonel Morrow of his staff.
The President gave his first state dinner on the
evening of the lGth instant to the diplomatic corps.
Thirty-seven persons were present. The floral ship
sent from Boston to President Garfield for his in
auguration, freshly rigged and loaded with flowers,
had the place of honor among the decorations of
the dinner table.
Colonel A. B. Meachum, for many years promi
nent in connection with Indian affairs in Colorado,
died in Washington last week.
A conference was held at the Navy Department
last week concerning the proposed reorganization
of the navy. Secretary Hunt, many prominent
naval officers, and the congressional Commttees on
Naval Affairs were present. It was agreed that the
necessities of the service required prompt and
liberal action on the part of Congress, and Repre
sentative Harris submitted the draft of a proposed
bill providing for increasing and improving the
navy. It contemplates the construction of large
sized fast cruisers, at a total cost of about $9,500,000,
and includes one vessel of not less than 5,780
tons, two of not less than 4,500 tons, two of not
less than 3,050 tons, one ram, one torpedo gun
boat, one cruising torpedo-boat, and one harbor
torpedo-boat. The bill also authorizes the Secre
tary of the Navy to employ an expert in naval
architecture, steam engineering, and ordnance, for
ins assistance auu auvice m tne matter.
The Joint Congressional Committee on the Libra
ry has reported in favor of purchasing the Rocham
beau collection of Revolutionary letters, documents,
&.c, at a cost of $20,000, there being between 1,700
and 1,800 papers, all originals.
Second Auditor of the Treasury Ferriss has writ
ten a letter to the chairman of the Committee on
Military Affairs of the Senate, recommending a
change in the laws relative to bounties, providing
that all claims for bounty that have been disallowed
in whole or in part may be re-opened and re-examined
by the accounting officers of the Treasury,
providing such disallowed claims or any part there
of would be allowed if now for the first time con
sidered. He also recommends that the provisions
of bounty act of April 22, 1S72, be extended to the
widow, children, and widowed mothers of deceased
COLONEL J. M. VANDERSLICE.
Colonel .). M. Yanderslice, Commander of the
Department of Pennsylvania, G. A. R., who resides
in Philadelphia, was on Tuesday elected to the
common council bvthe voters of the Twenty-eighth
Ward of that city This is a flattering but at the
same time just recognition of the Colonel's ability
as well as an evidence of the fact that those who know
him best fully appreciate his value as a servant of
the public. In Grand Army matters he has always
been found possessed of sound views and a pro
gressive spirit which have enabled him to do more
?or the organization than perhaps any other man
hi his State. A brave soldier duringthe war and
at all tunes a faithful citizen, there is no doubt hut
in the discharge of the new duties imposed upon
Jnm he will acquit himself creditably and in a man
ner that can but prove acceptable to those who
placed him m power and to the municipality the
interests of which he has thus been called to in
WHAT CONGRESS .IS DOING.
At last Congress has settled down to business.
The Senate has passed the Edmunds anti-polygamy
bill, and the House has passed the new apportion
In the Senate on Thursday, the 16th hist., Sen
ator Plumb, of Kansas, introduced a bill to se
cure to certain meritorious soldiers of the late war
an honorable discharge from the service, and to
provide for the payment of the salary and bounty
due to such soldiers. The discussion of the Ed
munds anti-polygamy bill occupied the remainder
of the session. It was very vigorously opposed
from the Democratic side, Senators Morgan, Pendle
ton, and Call leading the attack, and Senator Brown
succeeded in securing the adoption of au amend
ment providing that but three out of the five mem
bers to be appointed by the President as the Com
mission to govern the Territory of Utah tempora
rily, should be of the same political party. Numer
ous other amendments were offered, but voted down,
and finally the bill was ordered to be engrossed for
a third reading, and passed without further objec
tion. In the Senate on Friday, the 17th inst., among
the bills passed were those appropriating $100,000
for the improvement of the harbor at Galveston,
Tex., and providing for the final expenses of taking
the tenth census, and reimbursing Paymaster G. W.
Candee, of the 17. S. Army, in the sum of $2,050,
which was stolen from him in the fall of 1869.
In the Senate, on Monday, the 20th inst, the
House apportionment bill was favorably reported
from Committee. Mr. Call introduced a resolution
for the convening of a Peace Congress in Washington,
to prevent the further dismemberment of Peru.
The bill to place General Grant on the retired list,
of the army, was taken up and debated at length.
It was opposed by Mr. Vest, and advocated by Mr.
Logan. When the pensions arrears resolution
came up as unfinished business, Mr. McPherson
offered and advocated a substitute, declaring that
the Senate adheres to the principle that pensions
shall be computed from the time of disability, and
directing the Pensions Committee to bring in a bill
by which the business of the Pension Bureau may
he expedited and frwds detected and punished.
In the Senate on Tuesday several resolutions were
presented, among which were two bulky packages
by Mr. Dawes tastily decorated with ribbons, in
closing numerous petitions for the better observance
of treaty stipulations with the Indians, asking that
they be given lauds in severalty, &c. He said that
a year ago he had presented a like number of peti
tions to the same effect.
Messrs. Plumb, teller, and others depicted the
fiendishuess of the Indians and their breaking of
every treaty obligation. After discussion the de
bate terminated by the reference of the petitions
to the Committee on Indian Affairs.
On motion of Mr. Hale, the Senate (at 1:45) took
up the House apportionment bill.
After remarks by Messrs. Ingalls and Hoar, the
bill passed by a rlva voce vote.
The resolution declaring that the law granting
arrears of pensions ought not to be repealed and
the amendments thereto again came up as the un
Mr. Beck gave notice of an amendment directing
provision to be made for keeping posted up in post
offices printed lists of the names of all pensioners
and pension applicants. !v:c. so as to detect frauds.
A motion to limit the amendment declaring in
favor of pensions to the soldiers of the Mexican and
Indian wars so as to omit the word " needy,' and
apply it only to those disabled in the line ol their
duty, was discussed and rejected ayes. 15: noes, 36.
Additional proposition by way of enlarging the
scope of the declarations of the resolution were
suggested, one by Mr. Hoar providing that those
of the Mexican and Indian war soldiers who in
curred disabilities under the Fourteenth Amend
ment and have nor asked to have their disabilities
removed shall not be included with the pensioned.
Mr. Hawlcy and Mr. Bayard commented upon
the" imprudence of the Sena'e committing itself, by
votes upon the amendments, in favor of or against
legislation of a character at variance with that
treated of by the resolution as submitted.
After remaiks by Messrs. Williams and Ingalls a
motion by Mr. Hawley to lay the whole subject on
the table was carried yeas, 26 : noes, 23.
The following was the vote :
Ayes. Messrs. Anthony. Bayard. Beck, Cameron
of Pennsylvania, Cameron of Wisconsin, Cockrell,
Coke, Conger, Davis of West Virginia, Gorman,
Jioar, Jactson, Johnston. Joneser t lorida. Lapham,
Mitchell, Morgan, Morrill. Piatt, Pugh, Ransom,
Rollins, Sawyer, Slater, Vance, and Windoni 26.
Xoes. Messrs. Allison, Blair Brown, Butler, Call,
Davis of Illinois, Dawes, G rover. Hampton, Harris,
Harrison, Ingalls, Logan, McDill, Maxey, Plumb,
Saunders, Teller, Van Wyck, Vest, Voorhees, Wal
ker, and Williams 23.
On motion of Mr. Logan the Grant retirement
bill was taken up and laid over as the unfinished
business for Thursday.
The chair submitted messages from the Presi
dent, including a communication enclosing one
from the Commissioner of Pensions, recommending
that more adequate provision be made for the pay
ment of the expense of obtaining evidence of the
extent of the disability of pensioners and pension
applicants residing in foreign countries.
At 4:50, after a thirty-minute executive session,
the Senate adjourned until Thursday.
In the House on Thursday, the 16th inst., the bill
granting a pension of $5,000 a year to Mrs. Lucretia
R. Garfield was passed. The attention of the House
was called to the fact that the Senate had passed a
bill pensioning at the same rate all the widows of
ex-Presidents, but no action was taken on the sug
gestion. The rest of the session was occupied with
the consideration of the apportionment bill, and
after a long debate it was so amended as to fix the
number of representatives hereafter at 325, an in
crease of 32 over the present number. The vote on
the amendment was 162 yeas to 101 nays, the Dem
ocrats as a rule voting in the negative. Among the
petitions presented was one from the honorably
discharged soldiers and sailors of Blair county, Pa.,
and of members of Stephen Potts Post, Grand Army
of the Republic, praying Congress to establish a
Soldiers' Home at Erie, Pa.
In the House, on Thursday, the 17th inst., the
apportionment bill was further considered and
passed without the formality of a yea and nay vote.
The only bill of consequence reported from the
committees was the regular agricultural appropria
In the House ou Saturday, the 18th instant, the
immediate deficiency bill (appropriating $1,822,983)
was considered in Committee of the Whole, and
after the adoption of amendments providing for the
rental of a building in Washington for the postal
money-order department and striking out the clause
for the payment of $600 as salary to the Deputy
Commissioner of Pensions and $500 to the chief
clerk, was reported back to the House and passed.
The Senate bill appropriating $10,000 for the base
and pedestal of a monument to the late Rear-Admiral
Dupout was also passed. Among the commu
nications presented was a resolution of the Utah
Legislature protesting against the passage by Con
gress of the anti-polygamy bill.
In the House, on Monday, the 20th, Mr. Randall
introduced a bill providing that all public buildings
shall be constructed of materials found in the State
where the building is to be erected. Mr. Cox's bill
to promote the efficiency of the Life Saving Service,
as well as that refunding the Japanese indemnity,
amounting to ! .770,31 1, except $251,000, to be paid
to the officers and crew of the U. S. Steamer Wyo
ming, was taken up and passed. There was a night
session, but no business of importance was trans
acted. On Tuesday, the morning hour having been dis
pensed with, tbe House (at 12:35) went into Com
mittee of the Whole (Mr. Calkins in the chair), on
the post-office appropriation bill. The clause under
consideration was that appropriating 10,655,000 for
transportation, by railroad routes, of the Tinted
States mails. There were three proposed amend
ments pending, the first being that o tiered by Mr.
Robeson, providing that the mails shall be carried
without extra charge upon the fastest trains run
over the railroad by which they are carried when
the Postmaster-General shall deem it desir-
To this, Mr. Cannon, of Illinois, offered an amend
ment providing that if the railroad companies shall
fail to carry the mails on their fastest trains, their
compensation shall be reduced 50 per cent.
As a substitute for Mr. Robeson's amendment, Mr.
Holraan offered a proviso that all land-grant rail
roads which have received in excess of three thous
and acres per mile, shall receive only 50 per cent,
of the compensation allowed to other railroad com
panies for carrying the mails. Mr. Holmau's sub
stitute was rejected 65 to 89.
The amendment offered by Mr. Cannon was ac
cepted by Mr. Robeson, and Mr. Robeson's amend
ment as thus amended was agreed to S5 to 69.
The clause appropriating $SOO,000 tor inland trans
portation by steamboat routes having been reached,
Mr. Singleton, of Illinois, offered a proviso prohibit
ing the discontinuance of steambort mail-service on
the Mississippi River between St. Louis, Mo., and
St. Paul. Minn., so long as the navigation of that
river remains open.
After a long discussion the amendment was ruled
out on a point of order.
Mr. Hooker offered an amendment providing that
the Postmaster-General shall not have the power to
.discontinue any mail-service on any of the rivers of
the United States, unless the service can be better
performed by railroads or star routes, which was
ruled out on a point of order.
The clause relating to star-route transportation
having been reached, Mr. Updegraff, of Ohio, offered
an amendment providing that when a mail con
tractor refuses to perform his contract, the Postmaster-General
shall have authority to make a tem
porary contract without advertisemant, which was
ruled out on a point of order.
Various other amendments were offered and ruled
out, and, after some little discussion, the committee
arose, whereupon, after a brief debate, the House,
upon motion of Mr. Hiscock, adjourned until Thurs
day. PITHY AND TO THE POINT,
One of the most pithy, practical, and pointed
arguments that has yet been made in support of the
Ingalls resolution declaring that the pensions
arrears act ought not to be repealed was that pre
sented by Senator Call, of Florida, a Democrat,
during his speech in the Senate last week. He said :
"I do not share in the unfriendly criticisms
against claim or pension agents which are some
times made. In my service on the Committee on
Pensions in the Senate there was no evidence ever
presented, in my knowledge, showing a want of
fidelity to their clients or a willful participation in
frauds on the Government. Those who came before
the committee were representatives of large num
bers of these claims, and came there with testimo
nials of good character. They were evidently busi
ness men of intelligence. Neither can I perceive
that tbe Senators who supported the existing law
are subject to any just censure. There can be no
question that the obligation of the State to take
care of a pensioner commenced with the period of
. his disability : and, in case of widows, children, and
dependents, with the period of death in the service
of the State. Whether this could better be done
by arrears of pension or by an increase of pension
for the future is an open question, and the respective
economy of the two methods is a point which is not
even now ascertained.
' In the whole of this discussion on the subject
of arrears of pension there has been nothing in the
animadversions and unfriendly criticisms upon the
law and those who passed it; nothing of argument,
nothing except simply the fact of the enormous
amount to which the pension laws have settled.
"It is pefectly clear tome that the State being
able to do so. the duty and obligation to support
soldiers who had sacrificed their ability to support
themselves at tiie command of the State ani under
a pledge from the whole body of the people that
they should be provided for cannot be controverted,
and this duty and obligation could not be performed
otherwise thau by recognizing in some form the
fact that the obligation commenced at the period of
disability or death.
"If the friends of the soldier supported him from
the period of discharge to the time when his pension
was granted, then they only did what the Govern
ment was bound to do. and did it because of the
Government's default in performing its obligation.
Hence it is evident that no blame can be attached
to those Avho voted to affirm an obligation both in
law, morals, and in good policy. The question of
one or another method of performing this obligation
or is evidently a question of method only; and
there was but one method before Congress or the
country at the time.
' Whether the method of arrears or the method
of future inci ease is better for the pensioner is a
question of pure argument and reason, Avhich can
not be varied or affected by sympathy for the sol
dier or the cause for which he fought, nor by any
consideration of economy on the part of the Gov
ernment. But these considerations do not touch
the resolution as it stands ; certainly the repeal of
the act now could not be justified without either
showing that the State was unable to pay, and the
burden unreasonable in its exactions upon the in
dustries of the people, or by substituting a better
law for the increase for the future of the pension f
those who have not received the arrears under the
" Neither of these things having been done or at
tempted, it would certainly be ungracious in this
state of facts for this repeal to be effected by South
ern votes while the votes of the Northern States are
opposed to its repeal.
"Mr. President, I am opposed to the repeal of a
law founded in public justice, unassailed by argu
ment, because a public clamor has been raised as to
the amount which it takes from the Treasury. So
long as that amount is not an unreasonable burden
upon the industries of the country there is no
ground of argument which should he heard in the
American Senate. When a law recognizes an obli
gation of the highest and most sacred chara"ter,
there is no ground upon which its repeal should be
advocated here, because, within the limits of the
ability of the people and the Government to pay, it
is a large and even an enormous transaction.
"1 consider that the system of pensions, the sup
port of the disabled soldier or citizen who has sacri
ficed his ability to support himself and his family
at the command of the State and in obedience to the
will of the people, is a ground of public law and of
public policy which is not only well founded in the
necessities of the country but in the history of all
past legislation and of all former governments."
WHAT IS GOING ON ABROAD,
The Spanish Pilgrimage to Rome, which was to
have taken place under Carlist auspices, will now
probably be organized under the direction of com
mittees composed of Catholics of all political beliefs.
The political situation in Spain at the present
moment is a very curious one. Sagasta, the liberal
Premier, has the Carlists, who are only outwardly
loyal, to contend against on the one hand, and on
the other the active leaders of his own party, who
resent the influence which the Court shows for the
Bourbon Generals in the official appointments. Re
publicanism is a very slow growth among the
hidalgos. The Russian General Skobeleff's re
cent anti-German speech has created a great sensa
tion at Berlin, and the Emperor is reported as say
ing that "if such wanton provocations continued he
would be compelled to resort to energetic measures.''
Forty lives were lost by a colliery explosion in
Durham county, England, on the 16th instant, but
it is passed by in the daily press as a very common
place incident Mr. Gladstone has made another
speech in explanation of his views concerning home
rule. He thinks the decentralization of Parliament
should be a cardinal rule of policy ; that local in
stitutions are a source of great strength, and that
the only limit which in principle is necessary to
them is adequate provision for the supremacy of
the central authority. As for Ireland, the trouble
is, he intimated, that the Irish party will not guar
antee that adequate provision. The London papers
score Mr. Gladstone heavily for what they seem to
regard as a change of policy. The Jewish relief
fund in London has reached the sum of $250,000.
The new Egyptian ministry have decided to
abolish slavery and suppress the slave trade in
Soudan. Pfeister Brothers, a large banking
house of Munich, have failed for $1,000,000. In
the House of Commons on Monday Mr. Gladstone
introduced his new rules for closiug debate under
a suspension of the rules.
REVIEW OF THE WEEK.
It is an old adage that misfortunes never come
singly and it has frequently been observed that
remarkable crimes and accidents occur in groups.
The astrologers have turned this coincidence of
similar events to good account by ascribing it to
the effect of planetary phenomena upon terrestrial
affairs, but we fancy they will have some difficulty
in explaining the calamities that befell the thriving
little town of Chester, Pennsylvania, (where Mr.
Roach's big ship-yards are situated,) ou Thursday
night and Friday morning of last week. On the
former date Col. Hyatt's famous military academy
building caught fire and was totally destroyed.
The flames spread so rapidly that the cadets scarcely
had time to throw their effects out of the windows,
and iu the midst of a fierce winter storm they were
forced to seek shelter in the private houses of the
town. The session of the academy has of course
been suspended and the cadets sent to their homes.
The losses are in the neighborhood of $150,000 but
fortunately there was no sacrifice of human life, as
occurred early next morning in the same town, when
the firemen were again called out by an alarm of
fire from Prof. Jackson's fireworks factory in the
old family mansion of Admiral Porter. At the out
break of the conflagration several slight explosions
occurred and the firemen hesitated to approach the
building, but on being assured by one of the work
men that the danger was passed, since nothing was
left to exp'ode, they returned to begin work on it.
As they did so another explosion took place which
completely demolished the factory, wrecked the
surrounding 1 ouscs, and of the crowd that the fire
had attracted to the spot killed and injured nearly
a hundred persons. Sixteen or seventeen people
were killed outright and many have since died of
their wounds, the death-roll footing up more than
twenty. The cause of the explosion has not been
fully ascertained. The proprietor of the factory
maintains that it contained no" material capable of
producing such havoc, and among the stories circu
lated is one that a manufacturer of Greek fire, who
formerly occupied the building, left the explosives
stored away in an attic. It is much against Prof.
Jackson, however, that a similar explosion occurred
at his factory in Philadelphia, some years ago, and
seventeen lives were lost by the fatality. A good
sized moral concerning the location of fireworks fac
tories in the heart of a city might evidently be
drawn from the accident.
The prosperous city of Haverhill, Mass., was vis
ited on the night of Friday, the 17th instant, by a
conflagration which destroyed the greater part of
its business centre and caused a loss of between two
l and three million dollars. The principal industry
of the place was the manufacture of boots an l shoes,
over eighty firms being engaged in that business,
and the fire throws 2,000 people out of employment.
Virginia, the principal theatre of the late war,
has j list had a little rebellion of her own to suppress.
For some time past the famous oyster beds at the
mouth of the Rappahannock river have been in
fested with oyster pirates, who drove off the local
dredgers by force. Their vessels were well armed
with cannon, and on several occasions they fired
upon parsing boats. The local authorities being
powerless to deal with the marauders, appealed to
Governor Cameron, who straightway called out the
Norfolk militia, chartered and armed a couple of
steamboats, and proceeded to the scene of the re-
1 belhon. He arrived there just before daybreak on
I the morning of the 17th inst.. and after a hot chase
) succeeded in capturing the whole of the pirate fleet
i to the number of seven vessels, and lodged the
J captains and crews snugly in jail. And then he
went back to Richmond to look after the fight in
j the Legislature between his Readjuster friends and
The railway kings have locked crowns again.
1 Presidents Garrett. Vanderbilt. and Gowen," are
disputing the purchase of the New Jersey Central
J Railroad with Jay Gould. Mr. Garrett" wants it
, in order to secure a New York connection; Gowen
j and Vanderbilt want it in order to preserve the
independence of the Reading Railroad; and Jay
Gould wants it in the interest of the Pennsylvania
Railroad, to head oft a dangerous rivalry. Evi
dently somebody is going to be disappointed.
Fresh light has been shed on the Peruvian diplo
matic imbroglio, by the publication of the Ship
herd correspondence, which shows that Mr. Blaine
instructed Minister Hurlbut to have nothing to do
with Shipherd and his guano company, and that
General Hurlbut notified Shipherd accordingly.
Shipherd seems to have used the names of some of
the most prominent men in the country notably
General Grant without their authority, as backers
of his scheme, and without regard to their politics.
Congressman Hewitt, a cast-iron Democrat, is out
in a card denying all connection with the swindle.
Mrs. Sco vii.le, the sister of Guiteau, has written
i a letter to Mi's. Garfield, imploring her to take pity
on the assassin, but lias received no answer. 31rs.
Garfield said to a friend that she entertained no
malice toward him, while for his relatives she
cherished none but feelings of pity; but she added,
that for his great crime Guiteau must answer to
God and the American people.
The Earl of Granville's reply to Mr. Blaine's
I interpretation of the Clayton - Bulwer treaty, as
affecting American interests m the Panama Canal,
has been given to the public. In a letter to the
British Minister at Washington, dated January 7,
13S2, he lays down the proposition, that not merely
the American continent, but the whole civilized
worll, is interested in the construction of a water
way between the two oceans, and that all nations
should be permitted to enjoy their proper shares in
the benefits to be expected from so great an enter
prise. One of the most interesting incidents i political
affairs that has recently been brought to public
attention Avas the introduction, in the Virginia
Legislature, last week, of a resolution censuring
Senator Mahoue for absenting himself from Con
gress in order to look after Readjuster interests at
Richmond. The resolution was supported by the
Democrats and the Readjuster friends of State
Auditor Massey, who wants to be his own successor,
contrary to the wishes of Mahoue. The resolution
created a great sensation, but failed to pass, and
the General will, doubtless, win his fight.
The Sprague divorce suit is in a fair way of being
settled at last. Governor and Mrs. Sprague with
draw all the charges contained iu their cross bills,
and the former assents to the granting of a divorce
to the latter, on the ground of desertion, he retain
ing custody ot his son Willie, and she retaining
control other three daughters.
The grand jury have at last indicted the alleged
star route plunderers, including General Brady and
ex-Senator Dorsey, and Colonel Bliss says they can
have a trial in April if they are ready then.
The latest reports from the West bring intelli
gence of almost unprecedented floods in the Ohio
and Mississippi rivers and their tributaries. At
Cincinnati and Louisville great damage was done
to property, the water backing up into the ware
houses along the river front ; and in the neighbor
ing country washing away bridges and cutting off
railway communications. At Helena, Arkansas,
the people have had a hard struggle to keep up the
levees and prevent the entire inundation of the
city, and the inhabitants of the surrounding coun
try ha e been compelled to abandon their planta
tions and fiee for their lives. Representative Dunn,
of Aikansas, introduced a resolution in the House,
on Monday, authorizing the Secretary of War to
issue rations to the refugees, the number of-whom
he estimates at 300,000.
The bill introduced in the House by Representa
tive Kelley in regard to prize money appropriates
$906,120, or so much thereof as may be found to be
due the officers, seamen, and marines of Admiral
Farragut's fleet for captures made in the Mississippi
River at New Orleans April 25, 1862.
THE CROPS OF 1881,
The statistics of the cereal crops of 1831, just com
piled by the Agricultural Department, show a much
greater reduction in yield than hitherto reported.
The aggregate of corn estimates is 1,191,916,000
bushels, grown upon 64,262,025 acres, 1S.6 bushels
per acre. This is a reduction of 31 per cent, from
the crop of 1360. The wheat crop aggregates 330,
230,090 bushels, a reduction of 22 per cent., grown
upon 37,709,020 acres, a yield of 10.1 bushels per
acre, the lowest rate of yield yet reported for the
entire crop; rye, 20,701,950 bushels, a reduction of
27 per cent., area l,7s9,100 acres, yieluing 2-1.7
bushels per acre; barley, 41,161,330 bushels, a re
duction of 9 per cent., grown on 1,967,510 acres, or
the rate of 20.9 bushels per acre. The product of
oats is 116,-181,000 bushels,' against 417,8h5,380 in
1S30. The acreage is 10,831,000, and the yield 24.7
bushels per acre. Buckwheat, 9,486,200 bushels,
grown on 623,315 acres, yielding 11.1 bushels per
acre. Tne aggregate product of all coreals is 2,063,
029,570 bushels, against 2 710,193,501. a decrease of
24 per cent. The aggregate value of cereals grown
in 18S1 is greater than the total valuation of 1SS0.
Corn and oats, mainly consumed at home, and used
interchangeably, are most affected by the failure of
maize. The average value of corn has advanced
from 39.6 cents in 1860 to 63.6 cents in 1SS1 ; oats
from 36 to 46.4 cents. Wheat has advanced from
an average of 95 cents to $1.19 per bushel. The
values are in round millions as follows : Corn, 759;
wheat, 453; oats, 193; rye, 19; barley, 33: buck
wheat, 8: total, 1,465 against 1,361 in 1S60.
DR, J. B, G. BAXTER.
We clip the following complimentary notice of a
faithful public servant from the Washington cor
respondence of the Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph :
"Dr. J. B. G. Baxter, of Black River Falls. Jack
son county, is a medical reviewer in the Pension
Office. He represented his assembly district in
1369, after which he came on here where his valu
able services as a medical expert in the matter of
gunshot wounds and diseases contracted in army
life were quickly accepted by the Pension Office.
Dr. Baxter went to the war as assistant surgeon of
the Third Wisconsin infantry. Wheu its gallant
colonel, General Charles S. Hamilton, of Milwaukee,
was made a brigdier-general in December, 1361,
unwilling to lose the company and practical expe
rience of his friend, he had Dr. Baxter appointed
brigade surgeon and attached to his staff. This
rank, which vas not conferred until after a severe
examination of a week's duration, with that of
lieutenant-colonel by brevet, Dr. Baxter retained
until his discharge in October, 1865. In December,
1362, the doctor went with General Banks down to
New Orleans, where he was placed in charge of
Jackson Barracks hospital, just below the city,
which had a capacity of three thousand beds for
patients, in addition to rooms for the attendants, it
being the largest hospital under control of one sur
geon in the service. In this responsible position
Baxter remained until the close of the war, and
here, in August, 163, he contracted the yellow
fever, which very nearly ended his life and left
him permanently disabled from its effects.
THE WAY TO DO IT.
A petition, of which the following is a copy,
signed by a large number of ex-soldiers of the First
Iowa Congressional District, has been forwarded to
their representative in Congress, Hon. Moses A.
To Hon. Moses A. McCoid, M. C, .First Congres
sional District of Iowa, Washington, D. C.
Dear Sir : AVe. who are ex-soldiers, survivors of
the late war of the rebellion, and citizens of the
First Congressional District of the State of Iowa, in
common with all patriotic citizens of our noble
State, feel a just pride in the record made by it
during the late struggle for national integrity,
' honor, and perpetuity, And in the staunch loyalty
ol our citizens.
We believe that all intelligent and truly patriotic
people in our State appreciate the blessings and
benefits that have resulted from a Nation's honor
saved and its laws maintained.
We believe, too, that it is the desire of a very
large majority of the citizens of the State of Iowa
that the General Government shall deal justly,
fairly, and liberally with the surviving defenders
of the country, and with the widows and orphans
of the heroic dead, for heroes they were, no matter
where they fell, whether in the heat and conflict
of battle, in the swamp or wilderness, in the camp
or hospital, or whether from exposure, malarial
poisoning, or from the prison-pen, they have re
turned to their homes and families with disease
iufected bodies, and have there lingered and died.
We therefore request our Senators and Represen
tatives 1st. To oppose and defeat, if possible, auy attempt
to repeal the arrears ol pensions act.
2d. To favor the passage of a bill to equalize
3d. To favor the enactment of more liberal pen
sion laws, and to grant a full pension to every sol
dier wounded in battle or captured as a prisoner of
war and confined in prison camp or pen. without
regard to the degree of disability resulting there
from. 4th. To authorize and provide for such an increase
of the clerical force of the Pension Office as shall be
deemed necessary to secure a prompt attention to
and speedy disposition of all business therein.
Mi J. C. B. Suman, of Valparaiso, Ind., who, at the
close of the war, was a brevet brigadier-general, and
in command of the Second brigade, First division,
Fourth Corps, in forwarding his subscription to The
National Tribune, says :
Valparaiso, Porter Co., Ind.,
January 13, 1382.
The Tribune was handed me yesterday of Jan
uary 7, 18S2, with the account of the advance on
and battle of Stone River, Tenn. I will here state
that at that time I was lieutenant-colonel of the
Ninth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and
said regiment was part of Hazen's brigade. The
part credited to Hazen "pushing on the ad
vance' on the Jefferson Pike from La Vergne to
Stewart Creek Bridge, was credited at the time
by him (Hazen) in his reports of the affair to
Lieutenant McCreerey, of the Forty-first Ohio, a
young man on his staff. The troops were the
Fourth Michigan Cavalry. I don't remember the
officer's name, it might have been Maxey. I
will say here that I led the advance to save the
bridge, and. think, if my memory serves me, the
regiment we struck was John T. Morgan's Fourth
Alabama Cavalry. We struck them about noon,
and I charged their pickets and pushed their main
force over the creek. We captured about a dozen
prisoners and one officer, whose rank I don't re
member now, as he was recaptured from me with
both of my orderlies in less than a half hour after
we had taken him. I don't remember that anyone
was hurt on either side. It was one of those little
dashes sudden and soon over. We saved the
bridge, but the enemy formed on the other side and
held it till Hazen came up with his artillery, when
they retired out of range. Hazen never mentioned
me in his report of the dash, he being hostile to me
because I had reflected on his conduct at Shiloh, as
you will see from my evidence before the court in
New York in the Hazen-Stanley trial. Hazen's re
ports, many of them, were unjust to his subordi
nates, and were not truthful. I served with my
regiment at Stone River, having received two severe
wounds at the grove on the pike.
The President has nominated Senator Logan's
son-in-law, Wm. F. Tucker, of Illinois, to be pay
master in the army, succeeding Major Rochester,
appointed Paymaster-General .
. . -- .
Wilson Post, G. A. R., of Baltimore, has accepted
the invitation extended by the Union Veteran
Corps, of this city, to attend their fair here on Fri
day, March 3d. That night Wilson Post will open
the ceremonies. The Post expects to bring 150 uni
formed members, and will leave Friday at 7 o'clock
j). m., arriving here at S, and returning home the
same evening. Other Baltimore Posts have been
invited and will probably accept.