Newspaper Page Text
GARFIELD AND ROSECRANS.
1 Extraordinary Letters Contalnliis Tery Dif
Tfa Xew York Herald of Friday, 10 inst.,
:b!i,hes a letter 'written by General Garfield
u January, 1SS0, which it will be seen differ
widely in the views expressed from those
nbodied in a letter to Governor Chase in 1S63,
is to excite astonishment and regret. Tlie
Herald says that it is informed " that the orig
inal of this letter the one dated January, 16S0,
in the handwriting of General Garfield, is now
in the pusession of parties of the highest re
spectability," but that, "not having seen the
original," it is "not prepared to pronounce it
genuine." Our readers can make their own
House of Representatives,
Washington, D. C, Jan. 10, 18S0.
my Dear General Yours of the 20th De
cember came just as. I was leaving for Ohio, or
it would have been answered sooner.
I have tried for some time to get hold of the
article in the New York Sun, to which you
refer, and have not yet been able to do so.
1 have been told its substance by two or
threo persons who have seen it. I can only
say, in absence of the article iteelf, that any
charge, whether it comes from Dana or any
other liar, to the effect that I was in any sense
untrue to you or unfaithful to our friendship
has no particle of truth in it.
On my way from your army to Washington
I met Mr. Stanton at Louisville, and when ho
denounced you in vigorous language I rebuked
him, and earnestly defended you against his
assaults. I did tho same, as you remember, in
the House of Representatives very soon after I
entered that body.
If you will send me Dana's article or if I can
find a copy of it I will, if you think best, write
and publish a reply.
It is true that I was an occasional corres
pondent of Secretary Chase. Several times,
while I was your chief of staff, he wrote mo in
regard to the progress of the war and asked my
opinions on various questions connected with
it, but I fearlessly challenge all the rascals in
the world to publish any such letters written
by me. They are welcome to all the capital
they can make out of them. With kindest
regards I am, as ever, your friend,
- 1T J. A. GARFIELD.
To General Bosecrans.
Following is General Garfield's letter referred
Headq'es Dep't of the Cumberland,
Nashville, July 27, 1S63.
My Dear Governor: I have for a Ions?
wiuu aiutu lo write to you, not only to ac
knowledge your last kind letter, but also to
say some things confidentially on the move
ments in this department; but I havo refrained
hitherto lest I do injustice to a good man and
say to you things which were better left un
said. We have now, however, reached a point
upon which I feel it proper, and also duo to
that kind opinion which 1 believe you have
had of me, to acquaint you with the condition
I cannot conceal from you the fact that I
nave been greatly tried and dissatisfied with
the slow progress wo have made in this depart
ment since the battle of Stone River. I will
say in the outset that it would be in tho
highest degree unjust to say that the 162 days
which elapsed between the Wtin r c-
River and the next advance ef this armv wore
spent in idleness or trilling. During that
period was performed the enormous and highly
important labor which made the Army of the
Cumberland what it is in many respects by
far the best the country has ever known. But
for many weeks prior to our lute movement I
coula not but feel that there was not that live
and earnest determination to fling the great
weight of this army into tho scale and make
it? power felt in crushing tho shell of the re
bellion. I have no words ro teU mil to?-J. hnrr
restive and unsatisfied a spirit' I waited and
plead for striking a sturdy blow. 1 could not
justly say we were in any condition to advance
till the early days of -May. At that timo the
THE yATKXSTAL. TRIBUNE; WASHINGTON, P. C, MARCH 11, 1882:
WHAT CONGRESS IS DOING.
Business in both Houses of Congress is in a
more advanced shape than is usual at this stage
of the session, and as many matters of import
ance have been disposed of, there is no excuse for
further delay in the matter of passing the nec
essary bill to properly equip tho Pension Bu
reau, in order that tho long standing claims of
those entitled to pensions for wounds received
in preserving the Union on many a hard-fought
battle-field may bo adjudicated, and tho bene
ficiaries bo awarded tho money to which they
are entitled under tho Arrears of Pension Act.
Among tho bills that have already passed tho
Houso are tho Fortifications, annronriatins
$375,000, as against $575,000 last year; tho Mil
itary Academy, $328,S37, as against $322,135
last year; the Post-office bill, involving $43,
530,300, an increase of somo $2,(500,000 over last
year. The Consular and Diplomatic bill has
also passed tho House, appropriating $1,965,530
as against $1,192,435 last year; tho Indian bill,
which calls for $-1,920,430, as against $1,597,566
in 1881. The immediate deficiency bill has
passed, and appropriates $2,270,000, while
tho Army bill is finished and will bo reported
rrom the llouso Committee at an early day.
The Senate has also passed the Chineso immi
gration bill, and the agricultural appropriation
bill has passed the Housed.
The week has been a busy one in both Houses.
In tho Senate on Thursday, March 5, a res
olution introduced by Mr. Gorman wasadopted,
directing the Postmaster-General to report in
detail the amount oxpended during tho fiscal
year ending June 30, 1S31, for special facilities
for fast mail service, showing tho list of com
panies receiving tho same, also statement of
contracts awarded, the character of the addi
tional service to bo performed, etc.
The resolutions providing for an inquiry into
the Chili-Peru diplomatic correspondence were
amended and adopted.
On Friday the greater part of tho session was
consumed in hearing speeches on the Chineso
bill by Messrs. Farley, Jones, Saulsbury, Bayard,
and others. An amendment was proposed to
limit Chinese emmigration to a period of ten
years. The bill went over until Monday, to
which time the Senate adjourned.
A bill was passed directing the Secretary of
the Navy to detail an officer of the imw tn
compile for publication the official records of
fees of masters, chief engineers, and pilots, was
passed. Leave was granted the Foreign Affairs
Committee to conduct their investigations of
the Chili-Peruvian affair during the sessions
ot the House.
Mr. Browne stated that ho had been directed
by the Committee on Invalid Pensions to ask
that the evenings of Moudav and Friday of
next week bo set aside for the 'consideration of
private pension claims on the calendar, but
objection was made by Mr. Turner of Kentucky.
A large number of bills of a private character,
including several for the adjustment of pension
claims, were introduced and appropriately
commutation of tho death sentence against the
Wii ist conspirators to penal servitude lor life,
, u.'s " hK"Iy to provo successful. Theo.
r ?., se on Satunljlv '1 Mil introduced
y Mr. lower was passed, granting a pension
to the widow of Lieutenant-Colonel Edward
Murray, late of the Fifth New York Heavy
Artillery. This bill has been twice previously
reported favorably to the House, tho applica
tion having been also made- at tho Pension
Buieau, and should long ago have been dis
The bill for the retirement of trado dollars
from circulation was taken up, but objection
being made at this timo to its consideration by
Mr. Randall, it was laid over.
Mr. Hiscoek presented tho conference report
on the urgency deficiency bill, and in reply to
an inquiry said that the. net increase 111010'
amount appropriated a. the bill left tho House.
was about $156,297. The report was adopted.
The bill extending the time for filing claims
for horses and eouinments lost bv ollieerq nnH
enlisted men during tho war was reported
back by the Committeo on War Claims. Tho
remainder of the day was devoted to the con
sideration of the diplomatic and consular bill
(in Committee of the Whole, and after the
adoption of several amendments the committee
rose and reported to the House, but without
reaching a vote an adjournment was ordered.
Tlfiivn itiipfcen1 'T'K.ii-.
(lore Kullak. tho distinMi,.i n :..:i
ll ;i,,1S4er' 1S fk';ul- Twu daring aeronauts
Kh ! m'0SS th0 El,"Hsh oljIlul iu- il
n Z, aS itiU mt0 the seu llh Jni, fn
jjou. lJR.y Vl.cre reStMird by a passing
"'","r:---Emigration from Germany to
? f II1 btates this yT promises to be
gi eater than over before in the same pc-
vV.7T" . 1press f Austria visited Queen
jctona at Windsor Castle. -The vacancy in
il 1 ul'B?IofV0,UInoilStscd by the death of
1 ,, r. 11 1 1 was Jost at sea in a Walloon, has
been filled by the election of Col. Miles, con
fix a,ei'Trho nwesaary snm required for
tjie establishment of a Prussian legation at the
atican has been voted. The Kingdom of
Servia has been recognized by Italy and Gor
m ."!: .there arc rumois of a revolutionary
spirit having developed itself in Bus-Poland.
Aloro arrests of supposed Nihilists havo
been made at Odessa and a secret press has
been discovered. Mr. Forster, in a speech,
declared that the English government had de-
luuuiueu tnat neirlinr lnnAnA
should mar the. land r,ot
. . .-. ...,
tho same month
REYIEW OF THE WEEK.
In the Senate on Saturday last the nomina
tion of Roscoe Conkling to the Associate
Justiceship of the Supreme Court was con
firmed in executive session, receiving only
twelvo negative votes. The discussion was
brief, Senators Morrill and Hawley speaking
m opposition to the confirmation. There was,
however, no attack made upon Mr. Conkling's
character. The result did not surprise the
friends of the ex-Senator, iror did his declina
tion of the office, which he tendered to the
President on Monday. He -declined to make
any explanation as to his reasons for refusing
tho office, but it is evident that ho does not pro
pose to withdraw from politics. It is intimated
that a similar honor was subsequently offered
to Senator Edmunds and that he also declined,
and it is now said to be possible that the name
of Judge Blatehford, of New York, maybe sent
to the Senate to fill the vacancy.
imports decreased 3,000,000 and ex
ercised 2,100,000 as compared with
last year. Hessv TTolfmnn.
Ex-Senator Sargent has been confirmed by
tho Senato as United States Minister to Germany.
On Monday in tho House the consideration
of the consular and diplomatic bill was re
sumed, and after somo objection it was passed
by a vote of yeas 170, navs 30.
Under the call of States Mr. Bclford intro
duced a concurrent resolution in relation to
outrages upon the Jews in Russia, and asking
ior the intervention of the Czar in their behalf.
Among tho numerous private bills introduced
several were for tho adjustment of pension
claims. It was decided that until otherwise
ordered the evening session of Friday of each
week be devoted to the exclusive consideration
of bills on the Private Calendar reported from
tho Committee on Invalid Pensions. A bill
ivoc tincciil .illsx...:. jr
... j.v,u "1'uniui; lanncrs or otliers pro
ducing tobacco to sell their own or tenants'
production without license. Among the peti
tions presented was one from tho ex-soldiers
the war of the rebellion, the compilation to be nn(1. citizens of Jackson county, Kansas, pro-
maoc unaer tno direction of tho Secretary of 1K against the repeal of the arrears of
strin.es began to draw sharply upon the rebels,
both on the Mississinni and in the Fntf Tt,,.
began to foarYor the safety of Yicksburg, and
before the middle of May they began quietly
Tho Senate was not in session on Saturday.
On Monday a bill was reported from the
Judiciary Committee to establish a uniform sys
tem of bankruptcy throughout the United
States. The discussion of the Chinese bill was
continued, and several forcible speeches wero
Mr. Teller reported favorably tho House bill
to pension Mrs. Garfield, with -in amendment,
including Mrs. Polk and Mrs. Tyler. The
amounts are .i5,000 por annum from September
Mr. Vest roportcd favorably from the Com
mittee 011 Commerce a bill to incorporate the
Jnteroccanic Ship Railway Company (com
monly known as the Fads bill). ThcMll pro
vides for a guarantee by the United States of a
dividend oi 6 per cent, per annum for fifteen
years on $50,000,000 of the capital stock of the
company, ana stipulates that in return tho
company shall transport gratis for ninety-nine
years the mails, war vessels, and other prop
erty of the United States; and shall transport
American merchant vessels for onc-haif tho
rate charged by tho company. The total stock
of the company, as proposed, is $75,000,000.
U hCUrgency deficiency bill was reported from
tho Committee on Conference, and the report
concurred In. -The remainder of th.s session
was devoted to the consideration of the bill to
enforce treaty stipulations with the Chinese
upon which subject Mr. Slater. Mr. Cameron
Mr George, Mr. Call, Mr. Teller, and others,
addressed the Senate.
away lorees to anl P.mhi-.rtnn i
an advance, but not, till .Tim ,i;i
wwienu .uosecraii3 begin seriously to meditate
an immediate movement. The army had
grown anxious, with the exception of its lead
ing generals, who stenitd blind to the ad
vantages of the. hour. In the first wek of the
month a council of war was called, and out of
eighteen generals whose opinion was asked
seventeen wore opposed to an advance.
I was the only one who urged upon the Gen
eral the imperitive necessity of striking a blow
at once, while Bragg was weaker and we
stronger than ever before. I wrote a careful
review of tho opinions of the generals, and ex
hibited the (act, gathered from ample data, that
ve could throw 65,000 payonets aud sabres
Bgainst Bragg's 41,000, allowing tho most lib-
- .wur ji.s iorce. xnis paper was
drawn up on the 6th of June. After its pre
sentation and a full canvassing of the situation
&n advance was- agreed upon ; but it was de
layed through days, which seemed like months
AmP U- tb,e -'Kb. when it was begun aud
. ended with what results you know. The wis
dom of the movement was not only vindicated,
but the seventeen dissenting generals were
rompellcd to confess that if the movement had
been made ten days earlier, while the weather
was propitious, the army of Bragg would, iq
all human probability, no longer exist. I shall
never cease to regret the sad delay which lost
as so great au opportunity to inflict a mortal
blow upon tho centre of the rebellion. The
work 0: t spelling Bragg iroin Middle Tenues
jee occupied nine days, aud ended July 3, leav
ing his troops in a most disheartened and de
aioralizfd condition, while our army, with a
.osiof leas than one thousand men, was. in a
rew days fuller of potential fight than ever be
bre. On the ISth inst. the bridges were rebuilt
md the cars wcrfi in full communication from
:he Cumberland to theTenuessee. I havosince
men urged, with all the earnestness I possess,
1 rapid advance while Bragg's army was shat
tered and under cover, and before Johnston
irid he could effect a junction. Thus far the
ieucral has been singularly disinclined to
frasp the situation with a strong hand and
aiake the advantage his own. I write this
-ith more sorrow than I can tell vou, for I
love every bone in his body, and, next to my
iesire to see the rebellion blasted, is my anx-
icij 10 see him blessed. But even the breadth
Mr. Frye, in the Senate on Tuesday, intro
duced a bill for the relief of American ship
ping, and spoke at length on the subject. A
bill was passed authorising the Secretary of
ar to use hospital tents for the use of the
Mifforers from tho Mississippi River overflow
The Chinese bill was again discussed. The
joint resolution granting the use of articles
tents, &c, to the Grand Army of :ho Republic'
Department of Pennsylvania, at Gettysburg, in'
July, 1SS2, was read a second time, and referred
to tho Committee on Military Affairs. This
jui.-aauju ji;. uvvn passed uv tne iioube 1
iij. jiuiiiua mmjiniccu a mil apj
.?i.uii ior tne purpose of cnablsrifr il.o -... "
tary of the Interior to ka.se a suitable buihiin
or buildings for additional accommodations for
the Pension Bureau.
On Tuesday in tho House the Senate bill
appropriating &20.00U for tho erection of a
statue to Chief Justice John Marshall was
passed. The Committee on Appropriations was
directed to consider the measures of relief
necessary for tho Mississippi ilood victims. A
proposition to appoint a special committee t
attend the celebration of the 200th anniversary
of the discovery of the Mississippi River wns
adopted. The agricultural appropriation bill
was briefly considered. It appropriates $39(i,
PS0, an increase of $71,350 over the appropria
tion of last year. The Senate bill providing
tents. &c., for relief of flood sufferers was
In tho House on Wednesday" bills were re
ported from the Committee oil Naval Affairs
for the construction of vessels of war for the
navy, and from the Committee on Post Roads
for a mail service bctu-.-en tim T'n ;,..! f..r.
and foreign ports. A bill was passed appropri
ating $250,000 for the mirehaseof the. Frned.
man's Bank Building in Washington for public
purposes, the said sum to be distributed among
the creditors of that defunct institution. A
.bill was passed appropriating $7,500 for tho
'election of a statue in the citv of Washington
to the memory of James A. Garfield.
On Thursday a bill was reported from tho
Committee on Military A flairs providing that
when any comnii.-siuned officer of the army,
below the rank of major, shall have served
under one commission for 20 consecutive years,
he shall be entitled to receive the pav aiid al
lowance of the grade next above that in which
he shall have so served. The ranuiiniW nC thn
day "s session was consumed principally in con
sidering the agricultural bill, which, after bung
amended, was passed.
wi. .-."" . ";
.iiu, on account 01 Doing ennente, was respited
lrom execution for complicity in the assassina
tion 01 uio zap, died in childbirth. A bill
to1 exclude atheists from both houses of Parlia
ment Jias boon introduced in the Houso of
jjonib. mo death of the Earl of Wilton is
announced. A conference has been held in
London looking to tho restoration of silver to
its place in the currency of all nations Ne
gotiations arc in progress for a commercial
convention between Franco and England.
Seven new Cardinals aro to be created at tho
approaching Consistory at Rome. American
citizens residing in Ireland havo been notified
by Minister Lowell that they aro not exempt
" Provisions of the coercion act.
Mr. Wadstono's resolution against tho inqui
ry into tho working of the Irish land bill was
cameo oy a vote of 303 to 835. A new cot
ton exchange has been organized in Liverpool.
SERGEANT MASON'S CASE,
The trial of Sergeant Mason for shooting at
Guitcau has been concluded, and tho finding of
the court-martial is as follows : To be dishon
orably discharged tho service of the United
States, with tho loss of all pay aud allowances
now due or to become due to him, and then to
be confined at hard labor in such Tienitetitin?v
as the proper authority may direct for eight (8)
. Ur TnG ProceecJ"gs, findings, and sentence
in the foregoing case of Sergeant John A. Mason,
battery B, Second Artillery, are approved, and
the sentence will be duly executed. Subject to
the approaI of tho Secretary of War, the pen
itentiary at Albany, X. Y., is designated as the
place for the execution of so much of the sen
tence as relates to confinement, at hnnl Inhm-
He will bo held at Washington barracks until
further orders are given in regard to his dispo
sition. By command of Major-General Hancock.
Tni: six days' walking match in Now York
came to a finish en Saturday. Roweli broke
(.own on the fourth day, having overtaxed his
powers of endurance early in the contest, and
Hazael finished the winner, having made the
remarkable score unequaled in the history of
pedestrianism of 600 miles. The receipts at
the gate were nearly $50,000, and after deduct
ing all expenses the sum of $30,000 was divided
between the five men whose score reached 525
miles or upvards, Hazael receiving nearly
$1.),000. He was also presented with a diamond
A snocKixo tragedy is reported in Ohio.
A youth of seventeen who had becomo aunoved
at what ho thought the "irritations'" ofhis
invalid mother deliberately shot and killed
her while she was resting on her couch. Iu
Illinois a dissipated man killed his wife be
eause she refused longer to support him and
then killed himself.
TnE reports from the flooded country along
tho Mississippi River give a gloomy account of
the loss of lives and destruction of property.
Extending over an immense area tho desola
tion is absolutely appalling. Tho aid voted
by Congress is being expended in mitigating
the condition of the sufferers, but additional
assistance will be needed to prevent tho death
of many from exposure and starvation. Fur
ther appeals in behalf of the victims aro being
made to Congress.
A cnALLEN-GH for the "light-weight cham
pionship of America" and a purse of $1,000 has
been issued by Charles Norton, the pugilist.
In the House on Friday the Senate resolution
authorizing the use of Government vessels in
distributing supplies &C, to the Mia,iaaippi
River flood sufferers, was coiiciined iu. Tho
evening session of tho lions? was devoted
evolv&ivcly to the consideration of pension
bills. Seventy seven bills uvio passed, and at
10.05 an adjournment was ordered until Man-day.
In the Senate on Wednesday the bill' for a
committee on the alcoholic liquor question w.-is
considered, 2 motion of Mr. Bayard to have
it committed to the Finance Committee hav
ing been tabled. Further consideration was
given to the Chinese bill, the vote on several
amendments offered indicating its ultimate pas
sage. f fr- Garland introduced a bill appropriating
$lo,000,000 for building aud improving levees
on the Mississippi River.
On Thursday in tho Senate the alcoholic
liquor hill was amended by providing that not
more than three of the five members of the
commission should be wf the same polifieal
party, and that not more than thiceof th"m
buan uo prommtiouisis.
The Chinese emigration bill was further
amended. It provides that after the ( vpira
tion ol 90 days from the passiize of the act 'the
House having yet to consider the mcasur-)
the coming of Chinese lahoreis to the United
mi.Lcs hiiau oe suspended, under a penalty of
$300 and one year's imprisonment for each vio
lation of tho law by the master of any vessel
The act does not apply to Chinese students
teachers, trevelers, merchauts, and diplomatic
On Friday a resolution wasadopted directivg
the Secretary of War to use Government vessels
in distributing rations and other supplies to
the flood auffcrcrs. A bill was introduced to
aid in the construction of the Maryland and
Delaware Ship Canal. The almh.Hc 1 ,.,..
bill was passed. It provides for the appoint
ment by the President and confirmation by tho
)f my love is not snnWin. t ,v. v.;B .a mcnt by tn
- Hiuuiliu Lll tWVIil U 111.1 M.I 11 II 11 1 If J VY .. a
latal delay. Mv nersonsl rinn,.c ,..;m. r7" senate 01 a commission ot seven
iral Rosocrans are all that I could desire. Offi
::ally 1 share his councils and responsibilities
w ' i ia" dC6ir?' but 1 1)C yu to k"0
.hat this delay is against my judgment and
ay every wish. Pleasant as are my relations
icre I would rather command a battalion that
, rould follow and follow and strike and strike
than to hang Jack while such golden moments
ire passing But the General and myself bo-
heve that I can do more service in my proPcnt
jlace than in command of a division, though
t am aware that it is a position that promises
letter in the wav of promotion or popular
jredit. But if this inaction continues lone I
.hall ask to be relieved and sent somewhere
fciicre I can be part of a working army
But I do hope that you will goon hear that
;his splendid army is at least trying to do its
art in the great work. If the War Depart
nent has not always been just it has certainly
een very indulgent to this armv. But. t e.Jt
.hat the time has now come when it should
illow no plea to keep this army back from the
uost vigorous activity. I do hope that no
lopes of peace er submissive terms on tho part
if the rebels will lead the Government to delay
he draft and the vigorous prosecution of the
far. Timco Danaos et dona fcreiites. Let tho
Ration now display the majesty of its power
nd the work will bo speedily ended. I
lope you will pardon this lengthy letter, but I
ranted you to know how the case stands, and
I was unwilling to have you think me satisfied
nth tho delays here. With kindest regards,
I am, as ever, your friend,
Tr 0 n J" A- GAEFIELD.
Hon. S. P. Chabe.
The old reliable firm of H. O. Wilkinson &
lo. aro doing a larger business than ovnr hnfn
'(1 jewelry and household novelties, and their
jmjinue Kuccess can only be accounted for
ry their tfxir dealings with their customers.
V. r. JSapttft WeeUy, January 19, 18S2,
Ml ' "
lied oh rpa
Gen. ChaJs. F. Sedgwick, of Rlmm rn
"anteday, aged 87. ' '
1 i . f 1 . ... -"J. iJWD
more man mur 01 wnom shall be of the same
political party, nor be advocates of prohibition
tO hold office not exceeding two years, who
shall investigate the alcoholic liquor traffic
its relations to revenue and taxation and its
general economic, criminal, moral, and scien
tific aspects, in connection with pauperism
crime, social vice, the public health ;m,i ,..,'
ral welfare, and who shall inqniro as to tho
practical resuus 01 license and prohibitory leg
islation. Tho commissioners are to serve with
out salary, and to report within eighteen
months after the passage of (he act. An appro
priation of $10,000 is made for tneir expenses.
Thero was no session of the Senate on Satur
In the Hoitse on Thursday a bill was re
ported from the Committee on Naval Affairs
providing for tho construction of a number of
war vessels. The contested election case of
McDowell vs. George of Oregon, was disposed
of in favor of the Sitting member. Tho consu
lar and diplomatic appropriation bill, which
appropriates $1,193,530, was taken up. Mr
Whitthorne spoke in favor of the measure
arguing that tho growth and development of
tho trade of the country was such as to demand
and deserve the consideration of the American
statesman, and contended that the i.n.rncp.i
peace congress was not only proper but vitally
important. Mr. Kasson defended the Secretary
?Li ,t?'. 1rel,,nghl,yfien from a criticism
Sg m hy Mr Whitthorne. Mr. McLano
criticised our present diplomatic system, and
the European Missions to those at Londoit
Pans Berlin and St. Petersburg, and that the
ministers at those points should be accredited
to whatever places the President might direct.
He also spoke of the consular service, declaring
that it was supported by taxing the American
ship owners, which interest was already seri
ously impaired by other taxation.
ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF THE
intense excitement was caused iu
Saturday l.-et. when iiitelMene.
was received there of a hold attempt to assassi
nate Queon Victoria. Some of the features of
the caso were not -mlike thoiu attending tho
killing of President Garfield, but, happily, tho
a&xwMn failed of his work, the bullet imbed
ding itself in the ground near her Majesty's car
riage. Tno .shooting occurred at the Winder
Bail way station while the IJuei n was ciossin"
the platform. She arrived at the station from
Buckingham Palace- at 5:25 p. m.. and upon
ali-hting from tho train walked across tho
phVform to her carriage in waiting. John
Brows, thecoachman, had already taken hisseat
on tho box when a man, who had taken up a
posjiiuu at me entrance ot the station yard
among the spectator, raised a pistol quickly,
and fired dirccilyat the()ueen. Before he could
fire a second shot he u.m -.eized and disarmed
and roughly bandit d by the. excited crowd be
fore he could be taki 11 m charge by the police.
Several Eton .scholar. weic conspicuous in their
attempt to lynch the would-be murderer, who
is described as a miserably-dressed and wretched-locking
object. The a.s-.as.sin gave tho name
of Bohert .Mac Lean, and his occupation that of
a grocer's assistant. He is thought by many
persons to be insane. He has been identified 113
a man who frequented the vicinity of Windsor
Castle last summer and acted in a suspicious
manner. The Queen sustained no serious
shock, and proceeded directly to tho castle in
her carriage. Intelligence of the attempted
assassination was speedily telegraphed through
out the world, and elicited expressions of In
dignation at the act of the would-be-murderer
and thankfulness that the Queen escaped in
jury. Following so quickly upon tho moial
wounding of our own President, the news
created considerable feeling throughout the
United States, and there was a universal feel
ing of horror at the detestable act. This is tho
fifth attempt made- upon the lic of Victoria.
On Friday MaeLcan was committed to answer
the chargo of high treason.
A case was presented to Mr. Lincoln, while
Resident, where the War Department had re
fused to make payment for services actually
rendered because the officer had not been mus
tered. It was in the case of Captain Bowry.
Sir. Lincoln wrote upon the papers, in his own
hand, as may be seen in tho pay accounts of
Major Rochester, in the oflico of the Socond
Auditor of tho Treasury, as follows:
I rciacmbor nothing of this case. I desire
that it shall ho investigated, and that Captain
Bowry ho paid for the services actually ren-
dei . Tho Govermix.nf ennnnf nOVi..l
ices aud reluse payment for them.
A. Lincoln. '
were returned to him, Avith tho
it Captain Bowry had not been
the service prior to February G,
10(1 for which nav was claimed
being anterior thereto. Under date of August,
lSb'2, President Lincoln replied to this "red
tape" suggestion as follows:
I did not ask for information as to whethor
this man has been mustered into the service.
Have we accepted his actual services? If wo
have, let him bo paid for them, unless there is
positive law against it. A. Lincoln.
In Philadelphia on Saturday a mass meet
ing was held to protest against the persecution
of the Jews in Bussi.a, at which ex-Minister
John Welsh presided.
Miss Alice Wuioht, a young and charming
soubrette actress, fell from a hotel window in
Cleveland, Ohio, and' was found a corpse in the
court -yard below. Siie had appeared at the
matinee performance only a few hours before
her tragic death.
General McDowell has informed the Adjutant-General
of the Array that no trouble from
Indians is apprehended on account of the exe
cution of the scouts ia Arizona.
The Select Committeo of the nouse on the
payment of pension, bounty, and back pay,
have, it is understood, agreed to report favor
ably Whitthorne's bill to pay invalid pension
ers of tho Mexican and Indian wars, wh.isf
names were stricken from the pen- ion roii
during tho late war; hut subsequently ronton ti,
the amount of back pension monev which
w&uld havo accrued in the interim.
Tho Secretary of the Treasury will rdwn.
on presentation, the bonds embr.ueri ii. i!-e
107th call, maturing March 13, without rebate
Our new minister to Berlin, ex-Senator Sar
gent, was entertained with a complimentary
banquet in this city by ex-Senator Mitchell.
About seventy guests were present.
Lieuteimnt-Gcneral Sheridan, who has been
on a visit to Washington, has gone to Chicago
whore he has just celebrated his fifty-first
Among recent callera at the Whito Houso
were Generals W. S. Hancock and O. O. How
ard, and Governors Porter, of Indiana, and
Hall, of Delaware.
Senator Hawley has accepted an invitation
to deliver the memorial address at Gettysburg
on Memorial day.
Hon. John C. 2fcw, Assistant Secretary of
tho Treasury, has entered upon his duties.
The decreaso of the nublic debt for Fobrnnrv
was about $9,000,000.
Tho Choctaw Nation, through its represent
atives, ex-Governor Wright and Mr. Stanley,
haspresentedaclaim of $100,000 against the
General Sherman, accompanied by General
loo and Colonel Morrow of his staff, and
several ladies, have gone on a tour of inspection
& Texjm frontier of 3iexi,.0. it i.s prob
able that the trip will be extended through
the losemite Valley to San Franciaco.
Mrs. Harlan, wife of Associate Justice Har
lan of the Supremo Court, is quite ill at her
residence in this city.
The Grand Jury has found indictments in
tho star route cases, charging conspiracy to
defraud the United States against John W.
Dorsey,.John R. Miner, John M. Peck, Stephen
W Dorsey, Henry M. Va:lle, J. L. Sanderson,
Ihomas J. Brady, and Wni. II. Turner. Fifty
one witnesses have been summoned to testify.
The Senate Committee on Military Affairs
has agreed to report back the nomination of
General Bufus In calls to he. Oi!nrt(.rmtir.
a recommendation that it be
Demonstrations have been mado in San
Francisco aud other California cities against
Chinese immigration and resolutions indicative
of strong feeling on the subject wero adopted
at large meetings.
General Grant will be the miest nf Pm??ldt.t
Arthur nt the Whito House next week.
Tho Christiancy divorce case continues to
drag its slow length along. A commission has
been issued to take the testimony of several
witnesses in Xew York.
Tho House Committeo on Foreign Affairs
has begun the investigation of alleged abstrac
tion of certain papers from the files of tho
Georoe Hendkix is supposed to havo been
the persou who mutilated the Andre monu
ment. Ho was arrested but discharged in the
criminal proceedings, but has since been sued
in a civil court at tho irrigation of Mr. Field.
CAMPAIGNS OF THE CIVIL WAR.
Chailes Sciihncr's Sons are engaged in pub
lishing a series entitled "Campaigns of the
Civil War," written hy prominent actors in the
great struggle, and volumo VI, now before us,
gives a concise and decidedly graphic and
interesting account of the Chancellorsville aud
Gettysburg campaigns. The author, General
Abner Donbleday, i.s doubtless remembered by
many of our readers as commander of the Third
division. First Corps, at Gettysburg, and in
command of the corps during the first day's
battle. We hare not space at this time to
review the work as we would like to do, but,
Iming read it carefully, can truly say that it
forms a valuable addition to tho literature of
the war, as do all the preceding volumes of the
series, an advertisement f which appears in
From tho liing witnesses and actors aro
thus gathered up many interesting facta which
have heretofore escaped publicity, and, iu
addition to a plain narrative of events we are
further informed as to the individual opinions
of the writers, which are frequently of consid
erable historical value, especially when taken
in connection with the subject-matter upon
which they are expressed.
Not only volume VI but tho entire series
ought to bo in the hands of every ex-soldier.
The volumes are neatly aud substantially
bound, the typography is excellent, and with
the maps contained each ouo is worth more
man tho price, one dollar, at which it is sold.
Each is complete in itself, which is anothor
advantage to bo -considered by those wishiii"
Address Charles Scribner's Sons, Publishers,
Nearly $30,000 have been subscribed to the
Russian refugees fund in New York. - '
Sheriff Hopkins, of Barry county, Mis-i
sourij was assassinated a few days ago.
Another effort is to be made by those who
havo a feeling of revcrenco for the Old South
Church at Boston to savo the historic structure
from demolition. The debt on it now amounts
to $205,000, but it is thought if half that amount
is secured the balance can be easily arranged.
auc .iiiiijiiuiu legislature 13 consuionng a
bill to provide glass ballot-boxes to prevent
frauds at elections. They are wanted badly.
The New Jersey Legislature has passed a bill
over the Governor's veto authorizing the Cen
tral R11I way Company of that State to increase
its capital stock.
Nearly thirty -six million passengers were
carried in five months on one of the ow York
elevated railroad lines.
The Grand Jury of the United States Dis
trict Court of Hvw York has found an indict
ment against ex-Special Treasury Agent, Gen.
X. M. Curtis, charging him with collecting
political assessments for campaign purposes.
David Navazxo the "fat bcv." atreH pi
ye.iri, and weighing 700 pounds, died at Pitts-
oi auiau pox.
General I. F. Butlek in a recent interview
declared that he knows nothing about being
letained ascounsrl to argue tho Guitenu cat
before the. higher court, except what he had
seen in the newspapers.
A remark rle crime was committed in
Bo,ton on Monday. .Mrs. Harriet Pell was
approached, in broad daylight, just as she was
about entering herdweliing.and fatallystabbed
iu the throat by an unknown man.
A .man named I J. S. Seuddcr has been ar
rested at Burlington, Iowa, for sending out
circulars appealing lor money to bu used, as he
alleged, in the defense of Guiteau. He claimed
that Guiteau had been used as a tool in the
hands of a political ring and that if ho was
aided by money the fact could bo establised.
The circular wjis signed by an assumed name
and the monoj received appropriated by Scud
dor to his own uses.
The Iowa legislature has passed a bill to
amend the State constitution, giving the right
of suffrage to women.
On Friday a bill was introduced appropriat
ing $3,113,000 for the improvement of the
Mississippi River, and $2,500,000 for tho repair
of the loYees. Tho bill to reduce tho license
OTHER FOREIGN NEWS.
A cable dispatch from London, received yes
terday reports the outlook in Europe as peace
ful, and indicates that the Pan-Slavist agita
tion is not likely to produce any disturbance
between Russia and Austria. Gen. Skoheleff is
reported as having been sharply repro'ved by
the Czar for his indiscreet speech to the Ser
vian students. In a friendly interview with
Count Ignatiefi'Skoheleii'is reported as having
been surprised at the excitement caused by his
uttorances.nnd he is yet reported as since havimr
made another speech of a similar character.
The first cable of tho American Telegranh and
Cable Co. litis been repaired and communica
tions between Nova Scotia and London thereby
re-established. A demand for 2f,000,000
francs for maintaining lhe army of occupation
in Roumauia has been made by the Russian
government. Thirteen of tho Nihilistic con
spirators havo been condemned to death and
the remainder will be sent to Siberia. The
Lord Mayor of Loudon advises the unemployed
men of that city to emigrate to Canada. A
rumor prevails at St. Petersburg that Karl Ig
natieff will resign. Bismarck is said (r. h.
much annoyed at the opposition to the tobacco
monopoly bill. An adventuiess named Pear-
aux who has been personating Lord Clinton iu
England has been committed lor trial. It is
understood that Queen Victoria will issuo a
proclamation returning thanks for tho sympa
thy manifested for her escape from tho'assas-
sin's bullet. A case of official ill treatment
of American travelers on tho frontier of France
and Belgium is reported. Mr. Forster upon
returning to Dublin was hissed by a great
crowd that gathered at tho depot. Tho men
arrested for stealing the body of tho late Lord
Crawford have been released for want of evi
dence. Efforts aro being mado to secure a
MILES O'REILLY" MEMORIAL.
The -0011111151100 of Dahlgren Post, No. 113,
Grand Army of.tho Ronublic. annotated for
tins purpose of erecting a monument over the
remains, in Cypress Hill Cemetery, of General
Charles G. Halpino ("Miles O'Reilly"), have
selected a design somewhat similar to what
has been erected or built to commemorate
tho memory of Horace Gree.103-, Thomas
Mooro, Humboldt, Paine, and others. Tho
dedication, which is intended to take place
on Tuesday, May 30 (Decoration Day),
promises to bo one of tho main features
of the observances of ceremonies of the day.
Tho Grand Marshal and his staff, with several
Posts of tho Grand Army, have signified their
intention of joining Dahlgren Post in doing
honor to tho memory of tho deceased, All
intonding subscribers towards this object aro
earnestly requested to forward their subscrip
tions without delay to tho chairman or secre
tary of the "Miles O'Reilly" Monument Fund,
at the headquarters of Dahlgren Post, No. 113,
Grand Army of tho Republic, Nos. -18 to 52
urcnaru street, JNew lork city.
A case is now before the United States Court
of Virginia, growing out of tho Emancipation
Proclamation of President Lincoln, of peculiar
interest. In 1SP.3 a sale of slaves was made,
and a part of tho purchase-money paid, and
bond given for tho residue, a claim to recovor
which is now set up. Defendant pleads that
it was a confederate contract, if a contract at
all, und that tho negroes wero free at the time
the salo was made.
A ripple was caused in business circles in
Baltimore by the announcement that two of
the bondsmen of Colonel Harrison Adreon had
withdrawn and notified the Postmaster-General
of their action. Colonel Adreon, in a state
ment, explains their course by stating that the
withdrawal of the bonds was because he did
not chose to permit himself to be dictated to in
tho matter of discharging or employing the
force under him. Ilecamo to Washington at
.onco and renewed his bond. Colonel Adreon
is a man of largo wealth, and has given emi
nent satisfaction since his appointment as Post
master of Baltimore.
DEATH OF MAJOR LORENZO LORAIN,
Major Lorenzo Lorain, First Artillery, who
was here only a short timo ago on sick leave,
died Monday morning, at Baltimore, of Bright's
disease of the kidneys. Major Lorain was a
native of Pennsylvania, from which State ho
went to West Point in 1S52, whence he grad
uated in ltffiG, when ho wa.s appointed second
lieutenant in tho Third Artillery. He was
promoted to first lieutenant in tho same regi
ment January 2, 1P00, and to captain February
28, 1802, and hecamo mnjor of tho First Artil
lery March 15, 1861. In lSfil ho commanded
his battery (L) at tho battle of Blackburn's
Ford, which preceded tho battle of Bull Run,
and was brovottod captain for gallantry in that
action. Ho further distinguished himself dur
ing tho war, aud won the brovet of major for
gallantry. Much of tho timo since tho re
bellion Major Lorain has been on duty at the
Artillery School at Fortress Mouroo, and was
only ruliefcd from thero when his health failed
him last year. Ho was fifty-one years of ago.
and his remains will bo cent to West Point for
The Popo has telegraphed, in tho Latin lan
guage, his blessing on tho Provincial Council
now iu session in Cincinnati.
District Attorney Corkhill has finished his
examination of tho bill of exceptions in tho
case of Guiteau. A large portion of it refers
to medical testimony, and this has been gone
ovor very carefully with Dr. Gray. It is re
garded as a somewhat remarkablo fact that
there has been no exception to any part of Dr.
Gray's testimony. The argument will take
place in the leneral Term, probably, somo time
The Fourth National Bank of Now York has
been robbed of $70,000 in cash and bonds by
one of its oldest employees, named R. H. Corn
wall. Ho is described as a "gentlemanly"
clerk. Speculations iu Wall street swallowed
up the stealings.
TnE Treasury Department report to Congress
shows, among othor things, that tho sum of
$S0O,0OO was refunded during tho past fiscal
j t.n wu jjuiauua uuiu wuuiu u.xi;o35iyo OnU 1U6-
gal customs duties wero exacted.
It seems probable that tho dis-c.iifnn jn fh
bill to appoint a commission to revise the tariff
will be protracted for several weeks, but than
it will finally pass, notwithstanding a deter
mined minority who threaten to filibuster.
Guiteau has one of his cells fitted up as an
office and derives qnite a thriving trade in
selling his photographs, inscribed with his
autogra-ph, to visitors. He has completed his
book, and Mr. Scovilleis arranging for its early
publication. Inarccent conversation, Guiteau
appeared quite cheerful and confident of secur
ing another trial. The money he is receiving
he- proposes to employ in securing counsel.
Representative Dugro, of New York, and his
, wife, are the youngest couple among Coure
ioual families, he being 2G, aud she several
years his junior.
In explanation of tho necessity for tho pur
chase of the Freedman's Bank "property Mr.
Herbert stated in the Houso that the Govern
ment now pays an annual rental to private in
dividuals in Washington of $117,000 for build
ings used by tho different Departments.
Senator Hill, who has been suffering from a
cancerous atieetion, recently submitted to a
surgical operation by which all the glands on
the left side of the throat were removed. Ho
hopes hat the disease will not reappear, but is
not disposed to conceal from himself or his
friends the doubtful charaeterof his complaint,
remarking a few days ago in spenking'of his
condition, "If I recover it is well: if I die is
is Well. I resign myself into the hands of my
Creator aud await with patience either event."
The Postmaster-General has issued an order
providing that after July 1 no allowance tor
advertising uncalled-for letters will be allowed
any postmaster except by special authority of
the First Assistant Postmaster-General.
The nouse Committee on Public Buildings
and Grounds will report in favor of appropriat
ing $200,000 to build a hall of recofds in tils
city. An equal sum would materially aid in
facilitating the auditing of soldiers' claims in
the Pension Bureau.
The Secretary cf the Treasury has directed
a suspension of the collection of taxes some
$500,000 duo the Government on Reading
Railway "pay eertifieateo."
President Arthur entertained the members
of the Cabinet and several Senators and their
wives at the Whito House on Wednesday
evening. Among othore preseut were ex -Secretary
Blaine and Mrs. Blaine, Mrs. Wadsworth,
Mrs. Freliughuyseu and Mrs. Beale.
Mr, Jeff. Chandler, of St. Louis, has been
retained as one of the counsel for the defense
in the Dorsey star-route cases.
A brilliant reception w;is given on Thursday
evening by the Secretary of State aud Mrs.
Freliughuyseu. The guests, including Presi
dent Arthur, composed the most distinguished
members of Washington society. With tho
exception of the entertainment given to Mr.
Corcoran, this is the first evening party that
tho President has attended since ho assumed
the oflico of tho Presidency..
A roport from the War Department shows
that during tho past four years it has required
an averago force of 20,000 soldiers to fight tho
Indians, or about three-fourths of tho entire
army. The expenso of maintaining these
troops was considerably more than $200,000,000.
President Arthur has authorized the use of
U. S. troops to aid the governor of Nebraska in
suppressing disturbances reported as existing
in Omaha. Tho necessary orders have been
issued to Lieut.-Gcn. Sheridan at Chicago.
The Senate will hold no executive session
until the middle of next week, when it is ex
pected all tho nominations will be acted upon
and the budget cleared.
A reception given on Thursday evening
to Senator Harrison and' Republican Members J
of the Indiana delegation in the Houso bv tho
Indiana Republican Club was an exceedingly
handsome afiair. Col. W. W. Dudley calle'd
tho assemblage to order and Mr. Harrison
mado a brief hut interesting address. Thero
was a large and fashionable attendance.
It having been discovered by somo of tho
guests at the National Hotel that Thursday
was tho sixty-seventh birthday of Vice Presi
dent pro tern. David Davis, tho ladies residing '
thero gave tho Senator a surprise party in his
parlor in tho evening. There wero numerous
gifts of beautiful llowors and tho occasion was
a very joyous one.
Information has been received at tho Stato
Dftpartment of the death of Rev. Henry High
land Garnctt, United States Minister to Li
beria. Dr. Gamett (who was born a slave in
Maryland) only sailed for Liboria a few months
ago and must havo died soon after his arrival.
Ho was educated at Oneida College, New York,
was a graduate of tho Troy Theological Semi
nary, and was said to havo been a man of forco
and ability. Ho was an ordained minister of
the Presbyterian Church.
Tho sub-conimittco of the Houso committee,
it is understood, has virtually agreed upon a
bill reducing tha Internal revenue tax in
whisky and tobacco and removing tho tax en
tirely from a number of articles. The total
reduction is estimated to aggregate about
Tho recommendation of tho Chief of the
Bureau of Equipment and Recrniting in favoi
of an increaso of 500 enlisted men in tho navy
has been indorsed by tho President aud Secre
tary f tho Navy. The draft of a bill to thi3
end is now -before the Committeo oa Appropxi.