Newspaper Page Text
the NATroyAii Turemo:; Washington', d. c, maech 11, 1882.
DO YE NEXTE THYNGE,"
From nn old English parsonaga
Down by the sea,
There came in the twilight
A message for nie.
Its quaint Saxon legend,
Hath, as it seems to me,
Teachings from heaven;
And on through the hours,
The quiet -words ring,
Like n low inspiration,
"Do ye ncxto thynge."
Many a questioning,
Many a fear,
Many a doubt
Hath it quieted here.
Moment by moment,
Let down from heaven,
Guidanco, are given,
rear not to-morrow,
Child of the King;
Trust them with;Jesus!
"Do ye acxto thvntre"
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington, D. O.
Correspondence Is solicited to this column. Com
Kmnlcations addressed to the Rural Department
of The National Tbibune, 615 Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. C, will be appreciated.
The conductor of Rural Topics is very
desirous that tlie publisher of The National
Tbibune should be placed in possession of
the address of either the Master, Secretary,
or Lecturer of each and every Subordinate
Grange, so that a copy of the paper may be
furnished for perusal by its members. It
is proposed to make the paper a welcome
visitor to the home of every member of the
Order, and the Rural Topics column will, if
possible, be kept up to the progressive plane
of other departments of the paper.
The Cassava Plant. This plant is
now being much extolled as a source of
starch, for the manufacture of glucose, for
which purpose it is to take the place of In
dian corn. Its culture is strongly advised
in Florida and California, and in the way of
answer to several inquiries which have
reached us the following remarks upon the
plant, or plants, as there are two, the sweet
and bitter, may be useful as reference. The
Bitter Cassava, botanically, Manihot titilissi-
ma, is a straggling, crooked growing shrub,
which, attains a height of from six td eight
feet. It is a native of the "West Indies and
South America, but long introduced into
the East Indies and other tropical regions
for the sake of its fleshy roots, which furnish
the starchy product called Tapioca. The
roots are bitter and contain a poisonous sub
stance which is said to be hydrocyanic acid.
This is separated by rasping the roots to
a pulp, which is placed in coarse bags, and
the poisonous juice expelled by heavy pres
lure. This juice has sometimes been used
by the Indians to poison their arrows.
The pulp, after being pressed, has parted
with the greater portion of the poisonous
juice, and what remains is dissipated by
baking the squeezed pulp upon heated iron
plates; it there becomes friable and is then
brdken into small pieces ana stored for use.
5o volatile, is this poisonous principle, that
tvhen the fresh root is cut into slices and
exposed for several hours to the direct rays
Df the sun, cattle eat it with perfect safety.
The Indians also partake of the root after
roasting it in hot ashes without any previous
The process of drying on hot plates lessens
Ihe nutritive value of the product, as many
sf the starch colls are thus broken, and dex
trin is produced, but it is essential in order
to get rid of the poisonous acid.
The fecula, or starch, is prepared by tor
refying and granulating on hot plates; the
grains burst and agglomerate in irregular
$um-like masses, and in this condition is
known as Tapiocn.
Brazilian arrow-root is the fecula that de
posits from the expressed juice when it is
dlowed to settle; it is known as Cassava
lour, or Mandiocca meal. An intoxicating
beverage called Piwarrie is made by chew
ing Cassava cakes, or dried pulp, and placing
the masticated material into a vessel to fer
nent, after which it is boiled for use.
The juice of the root, concentrated by
soiling, which also dispels all injurious
properties, under the name of Cassareep,
brms the basis of the West India dish called
epper-pot. It is highly antiseptic, and
neat which has been boiled in it will be
preserved for a much longer period than can
e done by any other culiuary process. In
tonlh America . a sauce called Arube id
irepgred by boiling down the fresh jnice
eibre the starch is precipitated ; this is con
jentraUd to a yellowish paste and seasoned
cith peppers; it is kept in stone jars, and is
ised as a relish to fish. Tucupi sauce is
nade from the juice after the starch has
een separated, boiled and seasoned wittf
uppers and small fishes; it is used :n a
iquid form, and tastes like essence of an
hovies. The Sweet Cassava Manihot Aipi) is sup
posed by some to be merely a variety of the
receding. Its roots are sweet and whole
ome, and are eaten when cooked as any
ither edible vegetable. With the OTrpnMnn
if the poisonous quality, the products of the
veetand the bitter cassavas are precisely
like. The bitter plant is most cultivated
ccause n is most productive.
ing potash, such as purchased dung, appear
to be more suitable.
4. That although potash, phosphoric acid, ,
ana nitrogen, are the chief manure-ingredients
in farm-yard dung, the manure from
artificial foods and in artificial manures, still
the difference in form with which these sub
stances are met greatly affect their value.
The present method of analyzing manures
does not properly recognize these distinc
tions, and the valuations founded upon these
analyses axe altogether false and erroneous.
Home-made Phosphate. The State geo
logist of Vermont gives the following method
of preparing phosphates: "Get one barrel
(240 pounds) of bone meal ground fine, then
provide a large tub, say one-half of a molas
ses hogshead; now put into this tub one
half of the barrel of bone meal; tben put in
sufficient water to moisten up the meal;
then pour in three gallons, or forty -two
pounds, sulphuric acid ; stir the mass well
with a hoe until every particle of bone has
come in contact with the acid; then let'it
remain over night in the tub ; in the morn
ing put in ths other half barrel of bone meal,
and stir it thoroughly. This will dry it fit
for use, and this amount is all that we get
in one ton of the best fertilizers we buy.
Manukial Value of Foods. The char
acter of the food will affect the quality of
the manure even more than the character of
the animal. A diet of corn fodder aud straw,
ior instance, can yield only a poor manure,
because these foods contain very little nitro
gen or phosphates. A diet including a lib
eral amount of oil-cake or beans will, on
the other hand, yield a valuable manure,
these foods being rich in nitrogen and ash
constituents. A common mode in Europe of
increasing the supply of rich manure is by
the consumption of purchased food by th
animals on the farm.
Walnut or Ebonized (Cold Laid) Case as ctesirede 5 Octaves, 10 Sets Keeds, 27 Stops,
jxjc, ueuvcrca on ooara cars ?$&&
here, with Stool, JDooTc and Music (a K M1
suiuji,vi,v! jsiusivuovuijibj jar ijjSjlix !ffy Jg q
The Jerusalem Artichoke. The bo
tanical name of this plant is given as Hclian
thus lulcrosus. It is a hardy perennial, having
an annual stem which reaches to a height of
8 or 10 feet, and closely resembles the sun
flower. It is stated to be a native of Brazil,
hut it is 'Surmised txTbe a cultivated form of
a wild species which is found in some of our
western States, and known as HeUanthus lo
ronicoides. This plant has numerous creep
ing roots, which produce tubers, like the
common potato; these tubers are of a longish,
slightly flattened shape, and are considered to
be more nutritious than those of the potato,
and when properly cooked they are well
flavored, and may be eaten by invalids when
other vegetables are denied them. They are
used in soups, and they make fine pickles
who partially boiled, sliced into half-inch
thicknesses, and placed in vinegar. Most
kinds of live slock will eat them, and swine
are particularly fond of them. In flavor
they do not equal the common potato, but
from the productiveness of the plant and its
suitability to warm and dry -climates, ic
seems probable that it may become of suffi
cient importance to secure attention, in se
lecting particularly valuable varieties with
improvement of flavor.
The-stema of-the plant contain a useful
fiber, anti- the leavesaresaid to contain nitre'
a chemical substance in fimnri fn iio ,,ih i
which is called Timlin, a starchy substance,
which is rendered of a yellowish tint by
An analysis of the tubers is given, as fol
lows: starch 30, albumen 10, sugar (uncrys
tullizable) 133, gum 12, fixed oil 1, Woody
fibre 12, inorganic matter 27, water 770.
Although not generally cultivated by
farmers in this country, yet in the agcrcgate
large quantities are giown as food for live
stock. They are planted in rows like the
common potato; a greater distance is, how
ever, allowed between the rows, to admit of
cultivation as the stalks rise in height. By
cutting off the flowers as they appear, the
size as well as the quality of th6 tubers will
be increased. They are not easily destroyed ,
uv iiusi, ana in nui, Joose soil will yield a
large crop, and are not easily eradicated
unless great care is exercised in harvesting
urn t m im-lflllill
.t-r. . n. . r1air.Kc-:ifYSTL-i.ii. h 4i 11 n . lj , 'Wiv? w
n-K-,iil . -illN ill-mi.. -limi!M5a!', ! 1 t.T3 1 JJ, rj? . WlA '. I'iiM.'l
K&WH " mZS3&?5Z!&xzxI7X7?-t9& ' X f
m 'ss Mmmmmm,m
m fc t ( e -i iii'ifi ruiTciJi it . uiu -msrvTzm Jiir .i l t. l-i i 'i uri. j i
S,K,fCSION CUAltANttEEID OH MONEY BSF5TJDED
"t""x"n.fcn,y5Pnjonnii.Ivl Upiopnitly rcfuna jo.i the SUM tv.tli i.uorLst. j.'otb's?
SnmnTn ?MS5,n'llTJ,bj i?Vn PIacI"r, 3 orf:i nt COO, is to luavo It introduce.1 intocrwy
All ttat u iiakttl of tlio nurch.-mcra after clnn? tlin Inrni.
ok friends to Ecoil nnd licar Us musicalcirccts, liavinsruoacents.
from the first one Introduced.
menta lairtnai. icindiy uri:
no warcroorns In lars-o pith-
Ten to speak for itself and tindwonbfrorasatiiUcil purcliasers, ivluch. 1 am prouutosay
m,u', . r TlSt!! BEETHOVETT CASE.
iii.lSfJL.75 Inches: "SUV iG JncLcsj l;t'iitn. 'Jl inches. Is. as tho cnt ehos. the mot
SSPil? e.ver made. Iho Tiew is of a Walnut cjsc, highly polished, and ornamented
ith KOld.but whon preferred, you can order an ebonized ca.o in puro black. Inlay orna
xneBtatlons In pold, which pi oducc n. fino effect, now ery fu-hlonablo, and w furnished
SLI,n.Bamoipnc0, "hc" flnlerinp.tiicciry (Jerinitclrvhlch case is wanted. Tho designs
t ?T Uo "mI no c0 " bcantif ul was cvir nut upon the ma-rljet for any such money, evea
Si ?w na$y,m,iica? scd J1" Pther 'lhTs-was put in them, ifead tho ollownp
.- pt. " ?i Rwtl? ??d Stor CoinWnatlojisj carcfuRy, and then tflvo this moro than liberal
ontfM.n'VnbylircriU(JO,lc- ,'f'o W orld ian aot ctjual this JJeaullfiil OrSau for
anytnuie like tho money asked. .
.. . . Ten (10)-I?nll Sets Golden ITonno Reefls. H
It contains 0 UCtavcS, 10 full SCls of GOLDE.,- To.-fr.rK Uv.y.v.. nn follows (It ?.Tnnunl
h.XiA 7n.Xt -. . irrtK' "J-P""1"'' " 'etc limo; :: Itulclana, lect lone; (!)
Air'rli. Sn?! .(JJ i rench Horn, feet totict () tianinhOiic. 8 icct tones (?)
MiiVni ,t7'c,8..1"t oiic; (S) yioln DnUo, 4 feet tone; !) lollnn, 1 feet, tone;
V.2 ,'.. ,,,c, ' feet tone ; nl-p. Coupler Imnnonlftno, Ham .Tioiin.-. urand ExDresjiono.
ui niuiiaua, oijuuiianusana other urand
2? ifOPi ?
f2iO TSUnUBilES, A E.3i OFN
lliarn HMiiATtAn.l ,-- ., . AVA v vu JJ tjlj
Rnim. it-Tii ? 'jr i " '" "1S ,connlry' "uc wiiat wi,en tho Ktop. are used wtot?
Office, 015 Fifteenth St., (CM2en Xsaal 1;
WASHINGTON, I. C.
P. O. Deawee 325.
ed bi'mtn.,!. nnrf ;, i ,.:a rt:iv, av"'":'"v '""' '";'""Cuu imij
SPIiCai'ICATBON OP STOP WOKE. 27 IN Alili.
viMi.?jVi?,'i,',S,ralCT'M,la'.:i) SK1?'?511?- J1' nuai SuWiass, (R) Bourdon. (fl) Sataphone.a)
it J. ' -3 ,la."S.)v,'r'?,on!,, v'f; l)?lce' 10 -nn'l Erpn-ssioms CD iVencli Aorn. (12)
v. '? mxl'HVi? n,"'"?na.lI)rxho. (15) J)ulclaii.-i.(lrt) ('litrionet,(17)Voix Celesto.(lS)
7-111" a(1H.)"5J"ljiIixr,ft'.CT,I,"'ro " 21) fouplfr llannonlniie. (22)OrJhestrnl Forte ()
IHn nl ? M tTlunlcx fe'ff St:'' t25) Aul0UJatIu Valve StP' W 1Ueht PW
T'BP? 8S?lw 9n SeptrmlicrlCUi. 1CS1. m7 raetorvwas ontirrly destroyed by
Tlirco days aftorwanls, with my own hands I lifted out tho first
, , , I . T i --.', , iij tlill IWil fjl . .tl,J4JTI, I'-l !.(
AIluniL-UKl'lll Wliat Was WnniCtl. ami llllniirtnr p&iwrfrnni Imnnnil. lu-KimnliU n
H T20 days to nut on fitcam and Ctart morn niaciinicrv. In n. Inrr-i-r nni lut tnr .'.niilr.n,l t'm.toT-0-
SJVJ limn ever on tliormetrround. Tlo iirwpnt r.stiil.hminr. m-.-u n,.-.fiv i,,ninrn
S iiil anrt,is1w,W"''nouta larscrnumlx-roriMJtterln.truiiientsdailyinaii ever before XhliJ
'l Jes ueliitsiement U uni.iirpaed In Iho Iiilorr of -nterprli.e.
j -in injw ii-i-i-irir.u uiin-rsi mr iaj jii' 1.1 muvc.n (prire .woactlip ratootoTcr 1,000 per
month, and as 1 run my great woi k3 far into tho night by tho Uio of .VJO
7AL1?UT 03 EE0NI2ED (QOLD LAID) CAGE AG DESIBED.
Dimensions: Height, 75 inches. Length, IB Inches, Depth, 21 inches.
W" IYl nrilVn thll f nitll Clf tllfa tt Itntnante mn.ln l I. I . a A .tn r MM nn T ( l .
owed I or vonr rrrivfillinfTriorici'w ir trtu mirMmc piimnn'nwfii v.. - ? lv: .r.
--- . i : : -. v - i.v:: l:::.."l ,i'ilo w..j "j. ., .n.i uiLiiiiiu. a jitui'mirunHii
ui:, or. ijriuTMUi. oraer :i iii.ki iiivk. oh fn-ii. n mn in invi iiniiiim. fr-n... i.ij ... i.-. ,.-,..,..
Wlh tO bUV VOUrSelf. AVill 'itll LimttviII fh. ntfnntwm rtf VOHpfrinTiiu t,i t.to n..... ...v.. .. int..
SJDISOniT'S EL3CTBIC LIGHTS,
the only Orpin and riano Factorj in the world that uses it. lean flit nil orders promptly
for th'HFtjIens I have now with a aW-horto power engine, driving over 100 wood-workintr
ranchinci In their con'it'-tirfion.
$5 P?3 f? Bil P5 S? g9 ? 15 v tho addition of tho very la lent approved wood
tfi 6u UWB ta EfrB L L Sf I wi Umg machinery, (which no old establishment has),
vut Capital, a new factory built after Ions experience of tho wonts to do work well and
economical, nnd tho addition of puvato svntcjics and railroad tracks to the various doors
or tho factories, lain now enabled to Inidd better fuhtrumcnti for Icm money than ever
'" ' "V!, 1 , "' l"1"1"" "'- mi iiii'Jiavnnujgfioi vnesoi.iciilUCS.
s tor inrmscif crs i.iy iiianurnctory is open to visitors always. (Five) $5
noliteHtterdant. mrrt.tnll trains. If vnn ran nnf.r.-ill v.-rlm frr tn-
lenre, and I know you w 11 bo deliuhtod vnth tho instrument. If you do
uoinfjiacm a real service. Xi..LljbXKATE CATALOCJUJE FJJEE.
Address or call upon iMMEL F. BE ATT Y, Washington, New Jersey,
which it known. In China it is called. Na
gara, in India it is known as Joar or Jowar,
in Arabia as Dra, Durra, or fihurra, in Al
geria as Dra or Bcchna, in Natal as Kaffir
com, in Jaffa as Dari, and in the West in
dies as Guinea com. Botanically it differs
but little, if any, from the Sorghum sacchar
aium, the Chinese sugar-cane, except in the
greater yield of saccharine juice which is
obtained from the stems of the latter. Like
all other cereals which have been cultivated
for long periods and in many countries, the
sorghums have run into numerous Varieties,
mostly distinguishable in the varied color of
the seeds, which are white, yellowish, reddish,
or nearly black, all yielding a white flour
having a considerable nutritious value.
It is doubtful whether this so-called rice
corn will produce more forage or more seed
than the Chinese sugar-cane. Its dissemina
tion at this time may prove very unfortunate,
now that the efforts to produce sugar from
the best sorghums are so flattering, as the
varieties will readily cross with each other
to the great injury of the sugar-producing
qualities. Cane growers should see to it
tThfftfG TbC;thi3 inferior and non-sugar
producing plant be introduced into districts
where this ugar industry is in progress of
New Potatoes. G. Cowing, of Muncie,
E2? ?&? H tt P Ei H3.W&& lia
fill u v u ?
B SE83 WliUaiJclBieiU !8$3S Reliable Publishing House, bvartur the aitenttoa
crcterj man. woman nd child in America who en reMl Soms months jfne- -w Artrrrtiii tr, .t,.r.ii i.nnv. fnr s int T.
iiueipiisorttiatnffcrliiieacouraKed into now iftsbe another collection, nearly tlouble the mie nf those previomlr ulrcrtlsed. nil mach
nMtfr anl hanilsomcr. Th rullowltiK new Imoks are each published in acat pamphlet form, handioraely illustrated, aod printed
rrom larse, clear trnc on not paper. The v are not little short storiei. but aro vatmhin httnit mmntftn inni- nnmi nm nthr wnr h
uriir-i. auu iu ciuui'imiiiiu lurm woum coi at least ti.cueaen. ne tciu set
the inremost writcM of Enrone and Amrrli
Ten In Number, &y naii.poit pj, upon receipt of Ony 25 cents mpottajc uampt.
tend the entire lixt.
The titles are as follows :
1. ENOCH AlttlKX AS!) OTHER MEHS. T.r Alfre.1 Tea.
nyvti. This charming Inwk contain) all finest worki of th ceie
Irai.M l'ot Laureate ot Iln-laml.
2. niSTI.NtJCISIIEU VE0PI.H. This mot IntcreJtlnR -work
conain the htstonei cf all tho celebrated Statecmen, Authors,
roer. Hdito", Clrjraien, Fiaanclers, etc., of tho present dar,
illustrated with llMlco irtraiu.
3. t;ii: insToitY xno jisteht or roano?r Tm.tcs.
A ccmplcto EncrclopsMia of useful knoKlcd;c, descrfblns the
jiroc of manuractureof all the Ciirnnon and ftrailiar things
whica we ro cverr day aronnd us, likewise the culture and man
ner if CTowth of all kinds of foreicn fruits, nuts, splees, etc., with
13 Kiss Unlock, author
. THK IilCUEI. niSU. Anorel.
of " John Hullfax. Gentleman." etc.
5. AMOS DAUT05. A nol. B7 Georje Eliot, author of
" Adam llede." ' The Mill on the Flos," etc.
6. C.11TIH AUCK'S ITGICT. Anorel. By M. T. Caldor,
the cc'eliratnl Anicricin author. of " East Lynr.e," etc.
7. IIE.VHY IIESEM,. Anarcl. KyMri. Henry Wood, author
8. llKrr.nariOStor.theilyjteryoftheMUl. AnAmcricaa
norel. By ilirearct Ulount.
9. A (iir.DED Sf5. A norel. Ey the settlor af ' Do
Thornp." " Madolin's Lorer."ctc.
10. V.UVE EYLS AND GOLDE.T HAIR. Anorel. ByAnnls
luotais, aumor 01 naying ior uigu siaees, etc.
-yx ... .1.-. - ... .. . . T 7. o " "'".iiJWI .VHilK T'lVIICB UCJVICI XWCU.l-U.l. V.tU9 ,u
mHuraw woks now win mrnisn enjoyment ror tne wtiole ramlly fir monthi o come, to av nothincof the valuable information.
uininsiyii Ien vaiUaniO BOOKS tor 25 Cents! Don't mu the chance I Sendor
you Tlllderire from them.
-.. ... . '. ibii iuiuqmiu uuuna u
ivmi!. .ik rtii'V' ,!,'?' ra not perfectly vatistlrd. we mil refund yoor money and maXe yon a present of
.fc;;v;,M;r.f nve&ets .
-. - -...a - -iw.iw.rui ..hi. h..viiiu ii.ur vt iijiir anguiwrs 10 ouy onl set eacn, JOU
rellalillty, wo refor to any newspaper publisher in New York, and to the Commercial Ager,
aio wiU-lmowa. Address,
A to our
Agnciei. a we have been Ion? etAhHshedan4
can get your own took free.
F. M. LUPTON, Publlshor. 2? Park Place, New York.
KC THREE SPLENDID PREMIUMS
hLLl POSITIVELY 'CIVEN AWAY!!
?rV,.b.C?,DD?"d.for ,roml'"i '"! fairdeallns, wUhinf? to In
.rcte iu already enormous c rculatlon and lnirn.1.. it .,. .v.
ouMorit-ryiBtelHgeptiAmcricaa citizen, nowmaitmhe
SalrirS'Vv-f'At'aji Hi- l0s "a
Ensilage and Silos Described. En
silage is a perishable food, preserved in a
succulent condition for any length of time
through the exclusion of air; and the method
employed to exclude air is by pressure in a
silo. The silo is an airtight receptacle into
which the green fodder is placed, when the
mass is pressed down by great weight to ex
pel the air and complete the isolation. It is
the principle employed in the canning of
green succulent vegetables applied on a
large scale, and in a less perfect manner.
The nlants nr nrn. l. ,
y "j.'ag.uea irom cuttings
nade of the stem, prepared and planted in a
aanner similar to that employed in the cul
ture of the sugar-cane. A warm, dry soil is
Bsential; in wet soils the roots decay or
re worthless. The most careful cultivat6rs
epress the flowering buds, so as to increase
he size and vigor of the leaves, upon which
epends the greater increase in the size of
Fertilizers. Dr. J. B. Lawes vfhose
rperimente in the use and action of mflnnMO
nd their relative values as plant food have
.vow,muWUluJf umi continuously
wducted than any others on record thus
tates certain conclusions which have been
1.. That a superphosphate has given a con
flcrable increase to each crop of a rotation,
though used without any other manure,
ir a period of thirty years.
2. That, in consequence of gTain contain
ig large quantities of nitrogen and phos
horic acid and small quantities of potash,
lanures containing soluble nitrogen, as am-
ussxa u. xuixic acw,are specially applica-
!e to these crops.
Q f Iio --i,, ...
"' ""v"" "ops containing large quan
hes of pobsh, such as roots, potatoes; ana"
V, are sold off the iarm, jm
Apples as Food for Stock. In no sin
gle particular does farming in Britain differ
so widely frdm the general methods of farm
ing in America, than in that of th6 winter
feeding of animals. In Britain an ample
supply of turnips and other roots is an im
perative requirement of the system of farm
ing wnicn is there practiced. Over a large
extent of this country, hay and straw, with
more or less grain, constitute the entire food
for horses, cattle, and sheep during the win
ter months, and constipation, loss of appetite
and loss of flesh is the result. On the con
trary, the British farmer, by making succu
lent roots the" basis of his cattle food, pre
pares beasts for the butcher if "he so deRi
and maintains a healthy condition in young
and growing animals throughout the winter
months. In many parts of this country tur
nips are a doubtful and precarious crop, and
it has been frequently suggested that more
attention should be given to the production
of nutritious apples as food for live stork
during winter. It is maintained that-stock
6f all kinds greedily eat apples, and that
this food is as good as the same quantity of
turnips, and can be grown at less cost. An
other advantage is that the apple tree will
grdw on lands not well adapted to tillage,
and -when fairly established requires but
little care, and that not of a costly character.
As to the best varieties of apples for this
purpose, is a question which most horticul
tural societies could decide for their section
Egyptian or Rice Corn. Considerable
inquiry has been directed to this grain on
account of various notices which have ap
peared during the last few years highly
entollmg it as a superior article for cattle
-sj ana tor chicken food ; also for meal,
Sr" ? ke the plQCe of buckwheat
for cakes and wheat flour for bread making.
This proves to be only one of the many
varieties of Sorghum vutgate, or Indian Millet.
It a nMive of India, wher6 it has long been
duliiva ted for its seeds, which ar6 used as
auuo, wwer waoe or ground into flour. The
extent of its culture in warm countries is
made evident from the various name by
inn., a careiui cultivator and a reliable au
thority, offers V.q following notes on some
of tho newer potatoes:
Malchlas. Tho tubers of this variety are
white, of large size, and remarkably hand
some, productive, and of excellent quality.
Kipens in August, and is a strong grower.
The Grange.---The tubers of this variety
are generally long and slightly flattened, of
large size, and produce in great abundance.
Skin, russet in color; pink eyes, slightly de
pressed; quality good. Ripens in August.
Promises to be a most profitable variety.
Mammoth Pearl This proves to be one of
the best flavored, largest, most beautiful and
profitable potatoes ever cultivated. Tubers
white, uniformly large, smooth, and regular
in shape. A strong grower and very pro
ductive. Ripens in August.
Davidson's Seedling. This variety origi
nated in this vicinity, and promises to be of
great vajue. It is of excellent quality;
tubers uniformly large and smooth, round
or flattened; eyes even with surface. It
ripens in August, and occasional tubers are
reported which weigh four pounds each.
McCormick or Late lloosicr. This is also
an Indiana variety, and one destined to be
come very popular. Peachblow in mm.
parison with it is a weak grower. Finished
digging it November 2d, when, in a majority
of cases, plants of it would each average 3
feet in height, 5 feet in diameter, with stalks
an inch thick at base. In vigorous growth
it exceeds any other variety, and in ordinary
seasons will probably be able to whip the
bugs and perfect a crop without the applica
tion of Paris green. Its tubers are uni
formly of the largest size; slightly depressed
in color like Peachblow, but two weeks
earlier than that variety ; of the best quality,
and the most productive sort grown this
Fruits for Illinois. The Alton Hor
ticultural Society recommend the following
fruits: Apples for winter: Ben Davis, Jon
athan, Rome Beauty, Smith's Cider, "Winesap,
Gilpin, and Bellflower; the latter on rich
bottom land. For earl v. Sods of Winn. "RVo..
wick Codling, Astrachan, Red June and
Harvest. For fall, Maiden's Blush and
Pennsylvania Red Streak.
Pears: for dwarf trees, Duchess and Bart
lett, Flemish Beauty and Seckel.
Peaches: Crawford, Stump, Smock, Old
Mixon free, Heath. Trees should be cut
back one-third to one-half of the young wood
Grapes : the Concord, more largely planted
than all others.
Th( TttliSlItif nf iKAnlfl a.klt.i.A j ....
this Crfctot on hSvZZZ. . f,iThf "?.1"XU "I!:
...r. w.-i V --......., " . ih'ic uu ica vcai
ur ii.-uiiiinncss ana iair iimiini. ihin .a i.
- .... . ."-.i """"n .i.
iu I.HVUI4UUU imu inirouuce it Into the
fcr: Upon r-
enpt of only
centtt in pust
age stamp, ne
frill JCTliX ThO
on fn.it for
a tid to exery
ilLlE 1.1 tvm. I Tl T I . . 7 .. .
,'-.':, -""-!: smunoio iTtMnluin. a((!trs.- 1.
o ul I iilnu, containing clRhteen superior colors, with bruh
ifi1' ;"rD,,J'e weeks of fcinatinc and profitable employ,
invntti.old and ounc. 2.An Imparted Ger.min liar.
iiuil'lct, a favonto tiiusicnl instrument, upon which all may
??l ?. u,'l3JrIar'" I'"' pmetiee. 3. Jnnniicfio Macm-tlo
iimi, Jljeralofwhli-h arc packed in ticatwood box, with jointid
b.mbo,. n!i polCt ,,k line nnd Mccl Iwwlr. riaee the flh in a
iiynl ofyiatcr and thiy will rnn f.ir the hoo't when nreented as
11 allre. l.cincmber. t?e end all thco splendid preinhtnn free
to-ajiroco ei.dmi; :5 cents for a three months' suhtcrlption to
ourpa,Kr. Thk richet or tiik HnAnrit is a l.irse ar.d hand
J ,ti ,11: t,lcoIum"- tJlMifrarl Llterarv ind Tamily paper,
contalnil? henal and Short Stories, Stctchf. Poem. i'4fut
htiown-.-e arm nn,i Household llint, Siorin, 1'uiiles and
Game, firtliponns, Witamt Humor, and crcrythln; to instruct,
amufe a,d di-liKht tlia whole family. Tata advsntaSo of this
prcat finr and get the prtatrst bargain of tho ason. Toll all
illr.r n JJ"" ,hfy caa nn,Y cct th0 P"11' lorr an'1 fa7
'U... ,. cf "r tub IIciBTit. three months for only
,fj ?'r 1. l'"ioe "P'cnillJ rreralums fre. For $1.00 wo will
rend r.e subscription, with thv- three premioms free to each.
, uK, "-'I'm guaranteed or money rrftinded. M to v ir
rclianilir up refer lo nnr nubllihrr In Km Y.ir 1.1.....
II. MOOKE publhhen V I'urk Mac Xot Yor
i wX is"1 It riv'Wslsd
As an cxpcriment.and
to influence new sub
scribers, we offer fo send
the Thibunk XndTak-
mer everj' week, for six
"''i "" iiiai, vn rc
ceipt of sixofle-cent
stamps to pay postage
en six consecutive num
bers, (send two three
cent stamps, if ones are
not convenient). Regu
lar price. Jii.coperyear.
Established n years.
tnent tobc found in
anir tcceTily iu tJie
l'rof. Thomas Mce
Jian for thirty years
the highest recognized
authority on Agricultu
ral and Horticultural
matters in the United
The Xadics and
Onr Uret ELECTRIC MEDI
CATED PADS euro nearly all Ilia.
. Wo hay so madi faith In them a
n.l thm en Kro TrlaJ and ask NO
PAY onlfn they euro In One Mouth. Dif.
fitit rds to enro Prsppsla, nhetiraatlsm,
Urerand Kidney Dlseasos, PHm. Lun; Dis.
eases, Asthma, T.araa Itaet, iue, Kerreci
llrlilllty, and many other dlneasti. lTico
SI.50tuS3.09. Hook. Ae.. free,
-addreif KliVfTllIC PAD Tl'F'T CO.,
Wrre St., BrooVljn,.K. T.
Clients arc "Uist
;'-lrfJr,'?"7' "? ''? receipts. Tcl&
... .,M. . Hirj, -ifc to imow, ana ans
wers all. their west tons. How to knit, crochet,
make all manner of fancy work, cook, take care of the
sick, dress well and economically, care of children, eco
nomy in house work, and keeps them posted on every
thing new. J
.?.;' Column is complete with stones ofad
ventttre, by land and sea-pure and wholesome home
,,;'w'i continued or tcnsatioiutl matUr
The best of American humorists, JLTose Winner,
is a regular contributor, and his letters are to be fount!
' I II te if C "rnS- I)('ict:ti,'c Sketches, exposes
"."'-." ":"f"-f ""uus jiiu numDucs. uur miscel a
If wounded. Injured, or have contracted any dis
ease, however sliKUt the disability, apply at once.
Thousands entitled. w.
Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fa
thers, and minor brothers and waters, in the order
named, are entitled.
War of 1812.
All surviving- officers and soldiers of this war,
Tt hutl,,c.1? tho Military or Naval service of tho
United States, who served fourteen (1 1) days or if
,-,wUI rr km?ish. fr te period, ai'id t'ho
widows of such who have not remarried, are en
titled to a pension of ei.tjla dollars a month. Proof
of loyalty is no longer required iu these claims.
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than former
ly, and many are now entitled to a higher rate than
From and after January, 1831, 1 shall make no
charges for my services in claims for increase of
pension where no new disability is alleged, unless
successful In procuring the increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
r1Si!onere -who ,ve been unjustly dropped
irom the pension roll, or -wiir.i... m, .,..., i. i.'
.stricken therefrom by reason of failure to draw
wen ti.sion ior a penoa ot three years, or by
reason ofre-enlistmentj may have their pensiona
renewed by corresponding with this House.
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment In an
other, Is not a bar to pension in cases where tho
wound, disease, or injury was incurred while in the
service of the United States, and in the line of
Survivors of all wars from 17S0to March 3, 1SS
and certain heirs, are entitled to one hundred and
sixty acres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of the late war not entitled.
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highe
market rates, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War.
Bation money promptly collected, .
Amounts due collected without unnecessary d
furlough Cm3CaDn0tbe coUected without the
r 'fjHorses Lost in Service.
ac1d1? ?f thl9, ?cter promptly attended to.
Many claims of this character have been erro
neotwlj' rejected. Correspondence in such cases is"
respectfully invited. .
Bounty and Pay.
Collection promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in
States not in Insurrection.
Claims of tliis character will receive special at
tention, provided they were liled Imtore Januarv 1
1SS0. If not filed prior to that date they are barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to the above we prosecute Military
and Naval claims of every description, procure Pat
ents, Trade-Marks. Copyrights, attend to busi
ness before the General Land Oilice and other Bu
reaus of the Interior Department, and all the De
partments of tho Government.
"We invite correspondence from all interested as
suring them of the utmoat promptitude, enersry
and thoroughness in all matters intrusted to our
GEORGE Es LEMON,
NEW .I!r.er.n,fr?SHnF, for n ,nrF "nn Tn
M?f1Pfl! J!LJ,;!t!T''A" SIWM":'r"talnlns
QTp 2UMiitmu Sonus, and rl.nrmli.tr In-
ll'l i V",rl' n"'t''avo cnniplrto
neons stones, several every week, arc complete and
Outer1 SVr of J& wkknown &
iff.--7 JlUe tt'irt J. JTolmes, j; T. Trow-
Ifies JJnrfrrfl. nrl nlKi
XBXBVyjS-AlfJD J'AJtMZB, JPMlada.. Fa.
fconipnnlmcnt. Tlio wlec-
. ,----- ---'. Jill1 INCH '
flult. (ft J4n '""crs: SonprB frntn new OtvrnH.
WHIJf lOUs Io'p. .Mnrcltw ,&x, anil if p.irchn ((
,jr til iii-ul lorin Avnujii coil ntmu..
l"r.ua ,,ni ho.,,,,1 , merohmt for only Six Thrro C,..,i
erN i$)5 cd j97 rtoII StrJctAcw York ' UbUah"
OlSR LADSSS' CASKET.
Itc. b0VAirIrtn?r rtiif 17nd Hf:A TOMtstliAr, I
!!il0G'. rU.t8 Wosquitoea. Bed-Bucs. InsectaJ
J&ftfflflk LAMP $$&s$M AZh
w i - .ivwitrsfjKr xtzm: jj w-fu?
- ii 1 ri a jiwu-tis-a-tosji
As this may reach the hands of some persons un
acquainted with this House, we append hereto, aa
specimens of the testimony in our iiossessfon,
copies of letters from several gentlemen of political
and military distinction, and widely known
throughout the United States :
Belvidebe, IiX, OdooerSl, 1S73.
I take great pleasure in recommending Captain
George E. Lemox, npw of "Washiinjton, D. C. to
all persons who may have claims to settle or other
buisness to prosecute before the Departments at;
AVashinKton. I know him to be throughlv quali
fied, well acquainted with the laws, and with De
partment rules In all matters growing out of tho
late war, especially in the Paymaster's and Quar
termaster's Offices. I have had occasion to employ
him for friends of mine, also, in the soliciting of
Patents, and have found him very active and suc
cessful. As a gallant officer during-tlis war and an
honorable and successful practitioner, 1 recommend
hnn strongly to all who may need his services.
S. A. IIURLBUT, M. C,
jFburtft Congressional District Illinois,
Late Major-General U. S. Vols.
HlMni r- flk
"-" ".-t. ortiiF
CuiiiXARY Vjcgetables. The same So
ciety report upon vegetables as follows: The
Jersey Wakefield cabbage, the beat for first
planting. The black-seeded Simpson lettuce
is an acquisition. Foriadishes: the Wood's
Early Frame and Long Scarlet. Cucumbers:
the White Spine for forcing, aud Green
Prolific for pickles. The tomatoes approved
were Acme and Perfection. The Early Ohio
potato -was highly mentioned.
"When 1 say cure I do not mean merely to stop
them for a tmio and then have them return ngain
I mean a radical euro. I have made tho disoase of
FITS, EPILEPSY OR FALLING SICKNESS
n life-long htudy. I warrant my remedy to euro
the worM oases. Because others, havo failed is no
reason for not now receiving a cure. Send at onro
for a trauibo and a Free Bottle of my infalliblo
remedy. Give Express nnd Post-office. It costs
you nothing for a trial, nnd lwill cure you. Ad
dress Dn. II. G. ROOT, 183 Pearl St., New York.
r,lrs.rx- MIlK S .Pods and ratalofruea In
irx, cltrat"1 "AMM71' in tho United SQitos, and
rHiiUsM r'nlM.vktn.l T AnA
J-ciiK-rnvd Dnrnci-s. 2Fino Dcrncru, CJIotto Kcerilts, 2
ii.,0.?!. v "iT" "S?TKt f "lies. 2 Worsted Needles, a
iiatton NctHlIr.t. Tiip.-.o needles arc best qnnliry in a lino
tvw2" i,.1,0.cc.0..cas?,nn,, nro very afrnerivc AX
IItY COM,AK Kl'TTOVt A tiiVirrfisrniMsi
OHAlk.H, rmitaininf; thn ijnnVn I'rayer, it occunies a
KTini'ii nnr iioj in i. . . ,
VI i-.. i " "" j i n imo sjecaic, yet rnagni
fjinp to Pitch nn vstcnt as to thou- tjio Jrd'ii Vraver
r.l'l'f0' . '. . 'l"s I'i:. TWO KKAUTlFtJI.
sjisi.iNt i.a.iii Kninrv; nr -
11 fn f rA I Ast1nA jvv.l
rich ilosmns. willilt nn i.imn.in,i iivn-u -cn, i,.i
sonio indeed. A OI.NlHJRKLI.A. TIIIMIiLK CASK
pniitalnlnp a Oold rinte.l Thiml.le. Tho enso U nintJo of
lifrlitinutul run in n mould, covered and lined Tvithelvet
nndsilknnd iselft.-ai.tlv onihroidcred with silk Hosaof
irvc,,l,?-,i.,it.Vrll'ni1'10 isor fioI'1 PXATi: nnd
wa MC1IA1 LFKI.Kany name or initial desired. Y.mi
CmzENs' ICatioxai. Bank,
Washington, D. C, January 17, ISTy.
Captain Geohge E. Lemon, attorney and agent
for the collection of war claims at Washington city
is ii thorough, able, and exceedingly well-informed"
man of business, of high character, and entirely
responsible. I believe that the interests of all
having Avar claims requiring adjustment cannot bo
confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CKESWELL.
Hocsz of Representatives,
Washington, D. C, March , 1S75.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain
Gkodge B. Lemon of this city. I cheerfully com
mend him as a gentleman of integrity and well
qualified to attend to the collection of bounty and
other claims against the" Government. His expe
rience in that fhie sive him superior advantages
W. P. SPKAGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
JAS . sti:awjjridge, M. C,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
S a as tn.
v e tK w i-'
x iiierciiiitits. .vc. will hnd in aionre's Uni
versal Assistant and Coniplitu Mechanic, a
woik conuiitiiiig 1.QIC paros, 500 engravings, 461
Best Seed sj
send top . 1M
tiimun, uiiu over i,uuu,uuu inuuMriai lacts, Calcti
lnlions, Processes. Secrets, Rules. &c, of rare
utility in S00 Trades. A S5 book free by mail for
S250, worth its wojght in gold to any Mechanic
tiiiivi, ii Muiiii;ji iiiiiii. uitiriiLS iiTiirjir s:
sale cverywJiuru for all time.
For 111. Contents,
ffuild Inot llndu more desirable present to betov'on ft
J!."V;(!.,el,',.t!S?" C,ndcrel,n Casttcontaininirono of our
(.oldl'lated Thimliliw. usitallj .sold for a hiKher prico
"" .. ttii a 11 1 si s Lini 1 iiini'in 1 in nnr MCfiir i nn (
nrtinle we eneloso 111 our Casl.et is n llniss Case Tape line.
..Sinehcw lone: with rt spring to draw back tho tape, and
It should bo In every lad 's work IxiMtcc Jn the abovo
Illustrations we show tho exact size of tho Collar Button
".iu vim. in, uuian niu inner anieiesnro reduced ineizo
tOBavo ppaee. Upon leeeipt of thirrv eent postatro
Btaiiips(nOe.)nndtho ATTAWIEI) CEllTIFICATI-'
scwi lnrunri Slfr"l.Ml tii
Terms, nnd Catalogue of IJ.OOO Standard Hooks'
KoffVok"10841' B0K " 73 Beekmttn Street."
AGPT-S,5ANTED--Tho Rwndest schomo
f-o ahfttimo; profits larger than have ever
been made by agents at any bnsinoss; adapted
for any condition of lifd; old and young, mar
ried and single, all make money faster than
over bo.ftjre. Easiness strictly honorablo: no
competition; no capital required. Seize this
goldon cliance without delay. Send yonr ad
dress on postal to-day for full particulars.
Addres3 d0. De LAJJA, 757 Broadway, Now
xoric . mJ1
n Vvrri ilnoAiilkArl l1...
antlguaranteo them to reach you aud pive perfect satis
faction. AW reiiulroyou to Cut Out ThK CertlCetito
nntl forward tous. In order to proteet ns from persona
ordering in quantities, as wo can only afford to tend a
limited number to each neighborhood at price named.
OKRTlFIOATI-i-Upon receipt of this CerHficato
eUforAs'iri,,PI'0.Pl ,l c. ani Address i" tho United
taleL!,,r..,'.n1'c Casket contnlriUa Ril.tlio uboro
described artldex H. c. nil!1Xs.N I 4 ,C9.?
IWII.lllil.ll. ...Jin ,!...,
. ."S";Msr,H"s adverwement will ifOT APPEAR
AGAIN in this pajser. To assertaln eifco of ThiaiHa
wuittsl tako a Tliinible that fits you anTwnd u3 the
number or mark around tho otitaldo or Thimhleon a
pieco of paper and send paper to ns with order. Sivo ks
,!l'i.lV0y?JJ2T1H1 ""BraXfdonThlrablct After youhavo
f-FS.'1 a Cn?kef w" will "pectyou to showitto your
iiDlplibors and at tho t'atno limo 8hos- our Catalogues
which wo will send you, you can In this -way assist us in
wauirtfr no ciiEtomcrs for our other coods and thus
Inanycasowherowo sell troods and they aro not satis
.factory we will refund money. Wo refer to tho Dub.
Usher of any paper In this city. Addrcut
a 0. WJLSIHSQH a CQ J55 & 197IttijW St., He? Ifiik..
House of I?epkesejiTAtives,
Washington, D. C, JfurcA 1, 1S7S.
. GU tllc undersIrTncd. having an ncquaintanca
with Captain Georgk E. Lemo.v for the paat few
years, and a knowledge of the systematic manner
in which he conducts his extensive business and of
his reliability for fair and honorable dealing con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend him to
A. V. RICE. CAfjirwum
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Pens
W. F. SLEMOJTS. M. C,
Second District of Ark
W. P. LYNDE. M. C,
, bitrj District of Wis
R. W. TOWNsUIEXD. M. C
Nineteenth District of ill.
J83-Any person desiring: Information as to mv
standinB and responsibility will, on request, be fur"
nisbed with a satisfactory reference in his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
GEORGE E. XJEMOX, Att'yatlaw
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Send slcetch or model for Preliminary Examina
tion and Opinion as to Patentability, for winch Ife
Charge is made. If reported patentable, no
charge for rvices Unleaa Succossful. Send for
Pamphlet of Instruotiona. wwm
JBXJUBXJSKEID IN 18QB,