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THE yTATIOJEAIi TBIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, MARCH 18, 1S82.
"Where the KoponHHlty IJpg.
There are how ponding on tlic files of the j
Pension Bureau, as we liave frequently
shown, more than two hundred and sixty
thousand unadjusted claims. Some of these
have been there for years, and unless some
thing is done and. nothing can be done
unless Congress authorizes the employment
of additional clerks and appropriates the
money with which to pay them to expedite
their settlement, several years must elapse
before they can receive attention. At the
risk of being charged with appealing to sen
timent a crime which the matter-of-fact
generation which has grown up since the
war is not disposed to tolerate we venture
io raise a question or two as to the effect
which this delay must necessarily have upon
the interests of the claimants. We all know
what widespread suffering would rcsnlt if,
from any cause, the payment of interest on
the public debt should be suspended, or
h rough the lack of a proper clerical force in
the Treasury Department a quarter of a
million of the Government's creditors should
be unable to secure a settlement of their
claims. The newspapers would be filled
with savage attacks on the parsimony of
Congress and the Avail of the widow and the.
orphan would be brought to the attention of
that body by the infuriated editor, in italics
and double leads. And yet we fail to see
that such a state of things would be any
more lamentable than which it is reasonable
to suppose has been brought about by the
delinquency of the National Legislature in
failing to provide the necessary machinery
for the prompt settlement of these deferred
pension claims. The families of onr ex
soldicis and sailors have to be fed and
clothed as well as those of the bondholders,
and if the means be not forthcoming we
Riisnt that they feel the pangs of hunger
and poverty quite as keenly as would the
latter. As a matter of fact this delay on the
part of the Government in paying over to
these claimants the pension money that is
due them has entailed a vast amount of
unnecessary suffering upon a class which
more than any other is entitled to its care
and support. It lias deprived the children
of the soldier, in many cases, of the educa
tional advantages which should have been
.theirs: it has robbed many a home of the
small comforts with which our veterans
should be surrounded during their declining
years, and too often it has compelled the
cripple and the invalid to engage in a hand-to-hand
struggle with Poverty for his daily
bread. Scarcely a day goes by that docs not
furnish an illustration of the cruel effect of
this default on the part of the Government.
The majority of applicants for pensions
WHAT CONGRESS IS DOING.
The feature of the week in Congress was the
passage by the Hone of the anti-polygamy
hill. As it has previously passed the Senate
it now only requires the signal tire of the
President, which it will no doubt receive,
before becoming a law. The provisions of the
bill are very stringent. It provides that
a'iy man who marries more than one wife in
any Territory of t'ie Uinted States shall he
declared gu'lry of polygamy and punished by
a fine of $.100 and imprisonment for five year";
that if any male person m axy Tcrrit ry co
habits witn more than one woman he f-haM he
punished by a fine, ot $TK) and his mouths im
prisonment: prtlyeamists can be challenged
for such practices, when drawn j.s jurors in
REVIEW OF THE WEEK.
As we foreslndowed in the last issue of The
National Tr.iiitwi:, the Pjesidcnt sent to the
Senate on Monday the name of .Judge Samuel
Match ford, of New York, to tho -vacancy as
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, which
ex-Senator Conkling and Senator Edmunds
declined. He was promptly confirmed. Judgo
Match ford i a native of New York and sixty
two years of age. lie r- a Columbia College
graduate, and was in oarJy life private secretary
to Wm. II. Seward when the latter was gov
ernor. JIo subsequently studied law and soon
acquired a large practice In lfSf.7 ho was
appointed to tho i'nitetl State judgeship for
the Southern District of New York, and in
167r President. Haves appointed him judge of
select the other five members to co-operate with
the committee already named by tho Demo
The municipal authorities of Baltimoro have
decided to substitute electric light for gas in
illuminating the business portion of the city.
prosecutions of bigamy or polygamy, and re- the second circuit, embracing the State of Con
jecte.i as incompetent jmors: legitimatizes j nc.-ticul, New Yoik, and Vermont. His clow
any issue ot Mormon marriages which shall turn to the Supreme Cmrt is a well deserved
have been born before January 1, 1SJ ; declares' compliment to a distinguished jurM. The
tnat no polyganiist shall been entitled to a oto j Utters of Mr. Coi.klhu and Senator Edmunds
many Territory or be eligible as a candidate j declining the Associate Juticeshipof the Su
loranyolhco of public trust; declares all reg- preme Court have been made nublic. Mr.
UrMTlnll O.wl rA . - -if- . - -r-r. . . I ,. . .. -
" """"" cjL-ution omeers in utau acant,
the duties of which are to be performed in
future by persons selected by a board of (ivo
persons to be annointed bv tlm President,
threo to bo of one political party the raemln rs
of tho board to receive a salary of $3,000 each
per annum. Some objection was made to the
passage of the bill on the Democratic side of
the House on the ground of its alleged uncon
stitutionality, but there were only forty-two
ncgativo votes on its passage.
On Monday, March 13. in the Senate a bill was
introduced for the ascertainment of the French
spoliation claims. A bill was passed authoriz
ing the Postmaster-General to adjust certain
losses of postmasters by fire, burglary, &c.
Mr. Garland, from tho Committee on the
Judiciary, reported a bill amending tho stat
utes relating to a quorum of the Supremo
Court of the United States caluidar. Lit pro
vides that a majority of the couifc shall consti
tute a quorum, instead of six justices as at
present, and prohibits any justice from sitting
on a esse or appeal on which he has acted in a
The remainder of the day was devoted to
the consideration of the tariff commission bill.
The Committee on Indian Allans reported a
bill to provido for the allotment of lands in
severalty to Indians on reservations and to ex
tend the civil and criminal laws of the rc-peot-
Conkling savs. under date of March 3d: "Ab
sence prevented prompt acknowledgment of
your two ostiemcd letters, which were fcnnd
awaiting my return from Utica. Tho high
and unexpected honor yon proffer by selecting
mo as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
of tho United States is greatly valued. It will
ever bo matter of pride and satisfaction that
you and the Senate deemed mo fit for so grave
and exalted a trust. But for reasons which
you would not fail to appreciate 1 am con
strained to decline. Although urgent demands
on my time just now prevonfc my accepting
your cordial invitation to pats a few days with
you in Washington, let me hold this as n
pleasure deferred but not lost."
In his first letter, dated March Gth, Mr. Ed
munds said: "I have received through the
Secretary of Slate your very flattering offer of
the appointment of Associate Justice of tho
Supreme Court. I thank you sincerely for this
highly valued proof of your good opinion, but
1 feel for reasons that I have expressed to Mr.
Fielinghuysen Hint I ought not to accept it.
1 shall cherish this mark of your kindness and
good opinion though I did not need this proof
of it as one of the most pleasant of my life. '
On the 11th, Mr. Edmunds, who had evi
dently been urged to aecpt, wroto as follor.-s:
"I am deeply touched at tho manifest consid
eration you have shown me in connection with'
t he Associate Justiceship but further reflection
Mrs. Lincoln-, widow of the late President
Lincoln, has drawn frora tho ponsion offico in
Chicago $15,000, the amount of pension re
cently granted her by Congress.
Three thousand Maryland miners arc on a
strike, and operations have been snspended in
tne mining districts of Allegany county.
Tnn New Jersey legislature has passed a bill
authorizing tho purchase of a portrait of the
Into President Garfield to bo hung in tho State
In a speech in tho Houso on Thursday,
Judge Taylor, of Ohio, (who represents Presi
dent Garfield's district) contended that the
passage of the Chinese immigration bill would
be a violation of (ho letter and spirit of our
treaty with China.
during tho voyage to Lima the ex-Sonator
treated Mrs. Christiancy with cruelty. Objec
tion has been urged by counsel for defense to
Dr. John P. Gray, the principal of tho
medical experts called by tho Government in
the Guiteau case, was shot by a lunatic at the
asylum in Utica, of which h6 iftprcsidont. The
ball entered the left cheek, an 1 passed directly
through, coming out near the corner of the
mouth. The vonnd is ecriofis, but not dangerous.
TrtE draft of a bill has been prepared by
the Territorial Committees of both Houses for
the admission of Dakota as a State in the
In ms speech from tho throne in opening
tho Canadian Legislature the Liontcnant
Governor alluded to the recent attempt to
assassinate Queen Victoria, and in tho same
connection spoke of "the crime which removed
from this world a great citizen, the President
of tho United States."
no states and lerntones to each Indian to has not enabled me to change the. views I ex-
w n ii mnnc am cr. n.-v.-..! ,.-;.!,:., . i.:.. i. ...,.!
.. ........j ... v. niiVJIV-U 1111111 lutll IJUI1IJU
aries. Tho orders for the allotments are to
be made by the President of (he United States
in his discretion, but the bill prescribes that
1(50 acres of agricultural land shall be patented
to each head of a fnmilv l H) acres to cadi
single person over eighteen years ?f ace and cadi
orphan child. The lands thus acquiied by tho
Indians are to be inalienable and free from
taxation for twenty-five years.
piesscd to Mr. Frelinghuyscn."
On Tuesday in the Senate tho House bill was
reported back from tho Committee on Com
merce to repeal discriminating duties on ta
and coffee, tho product of tho Netherlands,
with an amendment rrnking tho measure a
general one. A joint resolution was pascd
appropriating $100,003 additional for the iclicf
of the Mississippi flood .sufferers. Mr. Call
addressed the Senate upon Chi la and Peru
Mb. John Ru.-sell Young, of tho Now
York Herald editorial staff, who, it will be
recollected, accompanied Cencral Grant in his
trawls abroad, and subsequently published an
account of his tour entitled "General Grant's
Travels Aiouud the World," has been appointed
United Slates Minister to China. Mr. Young
began life as a copy-holder in the office of the
The now residence being erected for Samuol
J. Tilden, on tho site of his former mansion, 15
Gramcrcy Patk, will cost about half a million
dollars.- The. materials nscd are Scotch red
sandstono, Bellcvillo broirnstone, and Maino
granite. The front is elaborately carvod and
the architecture is a mixture of Gothic and
Mr. Charles O'Conor, the distinguished
lawyer of New York, is engaged in the prepar
ation of a work which will, it is understood,
prove a valuable coniiibution to the legal and
political literature of tho country.
vrTirtn t1itnfl sk.; L-.Jll-2.j . .r.n
" """ uuaiuusicu arc may as mmaUercas.nrcx?nted br the ndi r,.,i;.."
li "k ' ri " ' --wj.-xbb IdMIMIIJ J1
deserving of national support as those whose
names have been on tho pension rolls ever
since the close of the war, yet cases aro being
constantly reported where soldiers who
served during the whole of tho rebellion
Trith conspicuous gallantry have died in
actual want after struggling vainly for years
to obtain the pittance due them from the
Government. It is enough to melt an icicle
like Senator Beck to think that after all the
sacrifices which were made to preserve tho
Union, the authors of these sacrifices should
be compelled to wage a single-handed con
test with paupcry. It rather aggravates
than excuses the negligence of Congress to
pretend that in making a general provision
for the pensioning of those who arc fit sub
jects for the Nation's care it discharged its
whole duty. To authorize sucli a payment
without at the same time providing effective
machinery therefor is a hollow mockery of
equity and justice. Ignorance might excuse
such a procedure, but nothing short of igno
rance could, and it is notorious that Congress
is -thoroughly informed as to the causes
which obstruct the operation of the pension
laws. It has been demoastrated time and
again that the lack of proper clerical force in
the Pension Bureau makes it a physical
impoasibility to pass upon claims as rapidly
as tiicy are presented and that so far as
concerns the claimants whose applications
cannot be reached, it amounts virtually to a
nullification of these pension laws for the
time being. Yet in spite of all this Congress
refuses to apply any remedy, indifferent,
apparently, as to when this class of the
Government's creditors receive their money.
Jt is impossible to reconcile its position with
that which it has always taken in regard to
-the propriety of paying pensions at all, for if
the Government is under any obligation
whatever to support its ex-defenders, it is
bound to do so without unnecessary delay,
and certainly a delay which is due solely to
the want of n sufficient number of clerks
to dispatch the business of the Pension
Burean cannot he termed unavoidable. It is
clear, therefore, that for whatever discomfort.
suffering, and fliMrew the tardy operation of j
tne pension laws may entail upon the two
hundred and sixty-odd thousand claimants
who still remain to be heard, Congress must
be held strictly accountable, and our cx
loldicrs should sec to it that their Reprcsent
itivcs and Senators are made to feel the
weight of responsibility which rests upon
ia favor of settling tho controversy y tho
united States and recommending a Congress
of the governments of North, South, and Cen
tral America in Washington to secure a settle
ment of all questions bete, ecu them.
In its new uniform, The National Tmn
rxn is :is handsome as a drum major, but it
6 no holiday compaign for which it has en-
isted. It has undertaken to obtain justice ! samc PrP0!C
On Wednesday Mr. Mahonc presented a con
current resolution for a rebate on manufac
tured tobacco, provided a bill is pissed for a
reduction of tho tax on tobacco. A bill was
passei appropriating .20,000 lor the erection of
a memorial column to commemorate the battle
of Monmouth. N. J. The IV-t-Oitice appro
priation bill was further considered and 'several
On Thursday Mr. Anthony presented a memo
rial from 300 officers, lino and btaff. in the
navy, representing all grades of rank, prot -sting
against the restoration of officers v. ho have
been dismissed for drunkenness, been forcibly
retired, or who have resigned to escape court
martial. On motion of Mr. Edmunds, the
names of the petitioners were ordered to be
printed with the memorial. Tun resolution,
as amended by the Hmi.se. inerp:siii flSVn.
propriation for the Misisvjpi flnodjSPfyri r;
from $100,000 to $!50,00u, was concanVd in
Bills for the election of public Iriirdings at
Denver, Col., and Tcrro Haute lnd., were
passed. Tho Post-Oflicoapp:. priation bill was
further considered; several amendmer.ts weie
adopted, one increasing the appropriation Jor
special facilities from 500,000 to -Hi30,000.
On Friday a joint resolution of the Iowa
Legislature was introduced asking Congress to
amend the act donating public lands to the
States and Territories which may provide col
leges of agriculture and the mechanic ar's, so
that the otate may loan the funds derived from
sales of real estate n-cnrity, &c. The House
biil appropriating $I00.00 fo: continuing the
work of building Davis Island dam on tho
Ohio River was p.vscd. Mr. Loi-.-wi, from the
Military Committee, reported aiv. rsr-ly the
bill for the payment of feinal" nurses d'irsng
the war, which was indefinitely postponed.
The Post-Office hill was amended and passed.
i no lortilicauon mi was also passed.
On Monday in the House a memorial was
presented from the Legislature of Utah com
plaining of the ''baseless and monstious exag
geration under which tho people of Utah aro
placed injeopjvrdy and threatened with the de
struction of self government," fco. A bill ;vas
parsed pensioning the widow of Admiral (Jolds
borough. The anti-polygamy bill was t.,ccn
up and the point of order made that it
must receive its first consideration in Commit
tee of the Whole, as it involved an appropria
tion. This was overruled and various amend
ments were offered, pending action upon which
tho House adjourned.
The roport that Dr. McCosh was about to
rotiro from the presidency of Princeton College
Tun Grconback Convention at St. Louis has
adopted a platform demanding the abolition f
all State and national banks, and declaring it
to be tho duty of Congress tt fcjue unfandablc
full legal tender papcrfmcmey not to exceed in
amount the present interest-bearing funded
debt of tho tTnited States, to he substituted for
the national bank currency and to be used in
paying the current expense of the Government.
A dispatch from Nashville gives an account
of the murder of Captain James M. T)"'
.Depntv.Uniteil Stales .Revenue Collector .v ". -celebrated
raider of moonshiners, who
waylaid and killed near Minnville. Tenn.
His assassins were concealed behind a pi
logs, covered with freshly cut cedar bon....,
and wore armed with riiotcuns and pistol..
Vickers, the companion of Davi, was riding
by his side, and a man named Campbell and
others of the revenue jurty wcra followinp.
When Davis was shot off his horse Vicken
galloped back to the others, and Cmiphcll and
his paity coming up ,d,w one of tho asassiiiH
run out from tho bush and put his pistol to
Da is's head and shoot. Davis's brains wero
shot out and there were over thirty bullet holcn
in his body.
Tnn Supreme Court has decided that retired
army ofiicers are entitled to tkesanie increased
pay for length of service ire those in active
A roRMHR Government architect, seventeen
years out ;f ofiice, has presented a bill for
$100,000 for ex trail dinary services.
Thk suh-eonimiftoo of the ITnusn (7irmn;Hn-
ok the. rmnrnveiiii.tif nf tlif ViasfR:: l.. I birthday.
... .,. (,. -.v...... ... . (PV, ... ,.-.-,,-,-,, .M . I',.
agreed to report a bill appropriating .50.000,000
for tho repairs of levees, &c, on that .stream, in
a'cordance with plans recommended by the
Mississippi River Commission.
Mormon missionaries are making extraor
dinary efforts to sccuro converts to their faith
in Gaston county, Nmth Carolina.
Queen Victoria has rrritfen s letter to Sir
William Harcolirt in whicfc she oxprcsses her
deepest gratitude to all htfr subjects, both "of
highest and lowest degrea," for their words
and acts of affccHtmnto sympathy following
her recent escape frcm tho assassin's ballet.
Tho condition erf arTairs in Ireland is more
The anniversary ot the Csmr'a,
year ao was etdehnttd with im-
ziyis ceremonials nt Sh Petersburg.
reek ministry hx resigned ut.A. King
irralng a new Qtbinrt. AH Sere
iv.iuia nas been proclaimed Boy of Tunis by
tho Tunisian insurgents. -Francis Alphons'e
Wey, tho distingniRhrd French litemtenr, is
dead. France suggests the holding of an
international congTcrs for the pnrpose of regu
lating tho question as to the ownership of snh
marine cables. Tho arraignment, trial, con
viction and sentence of derith in thecn'oof
Dr. Lamson for poisoning his brother-in-law at
an English school wlEhin a period of a fow
weeks illustrates the Ccloi ity Of English justice.
The evidence vss pnrely circumstantial, bnt
was so conclusive that the jury was only hlf
an hour in reaching a TCidict. It is reported
that General Skobtleff has been arrested and
imprisoned in tho fortress at Wibia. "-Iving
Humbert's birthday was celebrated at Home,
whero he received telegrams of congratnlation
from foreign sovereigns -Alfred Tennyson
has composed a thanksgiving ode to be sung
throughout tho British Empire on tho Queen's
-Russian representatives at tho
'.crnian conns nave been instructed to sv
that tho Czar is firmly resolved to maintain
amicable relations with Germany. A bill
permitting the importation of American pork
in France has beim sribmittsfl to tho Chamber
of Deputies. Fiftyliber.il members of tho
intimacy between Haight and tho complainant
Mrs. Secretary Hunt, aided by Miss Hunt
and Miss McCook, (the Secretary being indis
posed), gave a reception to the diplomatic corps
and other prominent porsonages on Wednes
day evening. Thero was quite a brilliant
Guiteau continues to pass lm timo enter
taining callers. Among his visitors recently
was one of his numerous creditors. The assas
sin received him quietly but indicated no dis
position to adjust his long-standing indebted
ness. Hon. Willis R. Austin, president of the State
Board of Charities of Connecticut, is spending
a fow weeks in Washington.
During tho dobate in the House on the Chi
neso bill Mr. Page sent to the clerk's desk and
had read tho celebrated "Moroy" letter and
President Garfield's letter of denial. While ho
said it was impossible for Garfield to kavo over
written such an infamous letter, yet it embod
ied the sentiments expressed by the advocates
of Chinese immigration.
Tho Commissioners for the District of Colum
bia have directed an inspection to bo made into
the condition of all buildings used for public
assemblies, hotels, asylums, and other institu
tions not exclusively used by the United States.
A correspondent suggests that a one-cent
subscription be started for tho benefit of Ser
geant Mason's family, who arc said to bo with
out means of support. A general response to
this would, it is believed, yield a largo sum in
Saint Patricks' day was celebrated at the
National Capital by a parade of tho various
Irish societies in full uniform. Each organi
zation was headed by mounted officers and a
band of music, and the display was a Tery
crcditablo one. In tho evening a grand ban
quet was held. Instead of tho anow and sleet
that usually characterise! the weather on St.
Patrick's day, tho sun shone brightly, and the
temperature was Bke that of May.
The Senate Post-Office Committee has agreed
to report a bill appropriating $2,500,000 per
annum to pay for fast ocean mail service in
iron steamships built in America and owned
and manned by Americans. One-fifth of the
amount is to bo paid to vessels sailing from tho
Pacific coast, and tho remainder divided equally
-bdtween vessels sailing from Baltimoro and
Hon. Alex. H. Stepjicns entertained a nnm
hcr of friends at a dinner party on Thursday
evening, amojig them Hon. David Davis and
Attorney-General Brewster. Mr. Stephens is
in tne enjoyment of excellent health.
General and Mrs. Grant will arrive at the
White House next week. Their sons Ulysses
and Jesso, and son-in-law, Mr. Sartoris, are' now
in this city, and Mrs. Sartoris (neoelly Grant)
is expected here also.
Senator and Mrs. Edmunds expect soon to
take their daughter on a southern tour for the
benefit of her health.
FIRST TO PREPARE FOR VAR.
A few evenings since Dr. M. P. Hanson read
an interesting sketch before E. IJ. Woleott Post,
the depositions on tho ground of alleged nndua I No. 1, Grard Army of the Republic, of Milwau
kee, which we reproduce from the Sunday Tel-
tgrffph of that city, as follows :
It is bslieved unA is undoubtedly true, that
the first military company organized, in the
free States, which direct .reference to the coin
ing rebellion, was organized in Milwaukee in
the early part of January, 1?G1. Doctor Alfred
Castlcman, Albert Grant, since dead ., and ono
other person now living in tho city, were the
primo movers in that prophetic enterprise.
The nucleus of tho Union rifles, which ucnfc
into Col. J. C. Starkweather's First Wisconsin
regiment as company R, was gathered in an
office on Wisconsin street. Tho company was
recruited by votine in choice members, and
theroforo its increase was not rapid. A young
law student in Mr. O. H. Waldo's office by tho
nameofPettibone was one of tho first mem
bers ; he afterwards went into ono of the Wis
consin regimonts as major. G. W. Frederick,
one of Booth's rescuers, was another. He after
wards went into the First cavalry as a lieuten
ant. E. D. Luxton was another. He wa3
afterwards major in the Second Wisconsin
cavalry. It is believed that George Westover,
now of Chicago, then a law student, was an
early member of tho eorapany. Thero aro
probably many more residing in this vicinity
who are not remembered as belonging to that
organization at An early date. The company
was soon obliged to remove to Bowman's Hall
on Milwaukee street, for larger quarters, and
they continued to kold meetings weekly, or
oftcner, at that plare, for recruiting and drill,
until they wero called into service. About tho
middle Of February the company was tendered
by ifs then captain to Mr. Lincoln, to be pres
ent for duty at his inauguration, provided
transportation could be furnished. The reply
recoiTed from Mr. Lincoln, or his secretary,
was something of a snub. He evidently did
not believe "there was going to be much of a
shower;" nevertheless the company grew so
that when Mr. Lincoln did waut them, they
had enrolled about sixty members. Some not;
being prepared to leave their homes at that
time, withdrew, leaving thirty-six. By tho
exertions of the retiring members, the com
pany was filled up in four days for muster. At
a meeting at Bowman's Hall on the evening
after the all for troops was r eceived, the cap
tain of th companyresigned his position on
account of sickness in hi-, family, and Henry
Mitchell, captain of tho Revenue Cutter Brown,
which had lain np here that winter, was elected
captAin of the Union Rifles on the recommen.
dation of Doctor Castlcman, with whom Capt.
Mitchell had boarded during the winter. W.
M. Graham belongci to that company, and was
one of the first soldiers from Wisconsin to lay
khis lifts oj the 'alter of liberty for all men."
The records of that company wero turned over
to Captain Mitchell and by his death they have
been lost. It is known that most of those en
rolled in that company went into the army in
some capacity very early in war.
SENATOR EDMUNDS'S ARMY BILL,
A bill was introduced in the Senate on Tues
day by Mr. Edmunds to promote the efficiency
of the army by the retirement of officers, vol
untary or otherwise, after certain perioels of
service Jt provides that hereafter all officers
of the army who by reason of a reduction of
the army, or who at their own request, or by
direction of tho President may bo retired, shall
he entitled to the following compensation for
their services : After ten years' scrvico a bonus
of one ycaT's full pay of their rank ; after fif
teen years' service, a bonus of two years' full
pay; after twenty years' service, pension of
DEATH OF COLONEL SHEARS.
Tho death of Colonel Henry Shears occurred
recently in Florida, whero he had gone to re
side foT the winter. He had a creditable mil
itary record. He was appointed Cantain of
Company A, Thirty-ninth regiment, (100 day
men), May in, 1861; was appointed lieatenant
colonel of the Forty-eighth regiment, January
25, 1365, and served till January 13, 1S66, when
he was appointed colonel, and was finally mus
tered out March 2 1, 1S6G. He resided atXorth
Lake, Waukesha county, Wis., and for a num
ber of years past kept a popular summer resort.
In the House on Tuesday tho anti-polj-gamy
bill was passed yeas 100, nays -l-, The Senate
anti-Chineso bill was then taken up and dis
cussed until tho hour of adjournment.
It is estimated that more than eighty square
miles of territory have been inundated by the
Hoods in the Mississippi valley and that the
numbers of sufferers will reach 00,000.
Cot?sfl for Sergeant Mami is endeavoring
to get the case into the civil courts, and has
prepared a petition for a writ of habeas corpus
With that purpose in icw. Judge Wylie dis
missed the petition, butafterwards reronsidercd
hih decision, and allowed counsel to withdraw
papers in order that ho 111:13' present them in
bine. In the meantime Mason baa been sent
i the Albany pnU nthry. A dispatch from
New York ftatcs that before the court-martial
wis ordered Gen. Hancock offered to surren
der Mason to the civil authorities, but General
Ayeis decided that the cae should be deal
with by tho miliarj' authorities. This fact,
it is said, disposes of the grou'id on which the
habeas coi pus writ was invoked. Mr. Rice, of
Ohio, offered a bill in the House on Wednesday
directing tho Judiciary Committee to inquire
whether tho conviction of Mison bj- tho mili
tary court and the proceedings thoreundor arc
not in violation of tho laws and Constitution,
and authorizing the committee to send for
persons and papers. Tho resolution was referred.
British Parliament have signed a memorial in
favor of greater leniency rotvnrd the impris
oned "suspects" in Ireland.-- ucen Victoria
and the Princess Eeatrico are in France.
The fact that Count Von Moltko, Chief Mar
shal of the German Empire, will shortly go on
a furlough to Switzerland, is regarded as an
indication that there are no fears of peace be
ing broken. The Czar has been informed
that tho Nihil'sts intend to abandon their pol
icy of assassination. This is important to the
Czar, if true. "
Tho President gavo a social dinner on Wed
nesday evening at tho Whito House at which
a small but brilliant company was present,
one-half full pay of their rank; after twentv-
fivc years' service, pension of tw-o-thirds' full
prxy; after thirty years' service, pension of
three-fourth? full pay; after thirty-frve years'
service, pension of four-fifths' full pay; after
forty years' scrvico, pension of fall pay.
Officers who havo served as such during the
war of tho rebellion, either as officers or enlisted
men in the volunteer or regular forces of tho
United States, and who mav now bo servinz in
Wie regular army, shall ho eutitlferi to count
tlirir regular and volunteer service toward re
tirement. The bill further provides that no officer be
low tho grade of a general officer shall be al
lowed to servo alter having attained tho age of
sixty-two years. General officers may be con
tinned in the service after tho age of sixty-two
nt tho pleasure of the President.
The bill also provides that all officers who
may hereafter bo retired on account of disabil
rfy of wounds rereived in action or'diseaso con
tracted in tho line of duty shall bo entitled to
pon$ion, which shall be fixed by a hoard of offi
cers convened for that purpose, fife pensions
thus allowed to bo determined according to tho
amount and degree of disability and without
reference to length of scrvico.
It is also provided that hereafter there
shall be no fixed number of officers on the re
tired list of tho army.
Tho "Maimed Union Soldiers' League of
Washington" was organized on Wednesday
nigiit. About 100 veterans of the war, each of
whom had lost an.arm or a leg, were enrolled.
Capt. Bon. F. Worrell was chosen president
and other officers wero eleeted. Tho object of
tli e association is the mutual benefit of mem
bers, to promote the interest of all honorably
discharged and disabled soldiers and sailors,
and to keep alivo the recollections of tho
principles for which they fought. This is tho
third association of the kind in the country,
the other two being in BrookIjn ihid Phila
delphia. The fact is worth noting in this con
nection that in Germany disabled veterans are
not only penaioned but provided with govern
Ad'ixa under instructions from tho Depart
ment of State, MiuiMer Lowell has asked from
tho British government a speedy trial for all
American citizens imprisoned in Ireland.
In the House on Wednesday a bill was passed
appropriating .$291,001) for the payment of cer
tain private claims. A bill was passed appro
priating $150,000 for the relief of tho sufferers
by the Mississippi River overflow and strength
ening the levees, this being an amendment of
the Senate bill appropriating -f 100,000 for the
The Chinese bill was further
or the pensioner at tho hands of a parsimo
ious Congns, and it will fight it out on this
me, no matter how many .summers it may
Evratv subscriber to Tun National
1:ibi;xe who appreciates the value of its
ibois i:i the interest of the soldier, should
ndeavor to add another name to our rolls,
iric National Th trunk should be in the
anils of every man who wore tliu Blue in
ie grand struggle for the Union.
Until June 30, $1 per year.
discnsied, and the. remainder of tho session
was consumed in discussing a question of privi
lege arising out of a reprimand ailmiuistercd
by the Speaker to Mr. Money, of Mississippi,
for speaking out of order.
In the nouse on Thursday the Chinese'im
migration bill was taken npaud speeches made
in favor of its passage by Measis. Willis. Cas-
siuy and lilount, an4 Taylor in opposition.
On Friday tho bill extending tho northern
boundary of Kansas wah passed. The remain
der of the session was devoted to the considera
tion of bills on the private calendar.
Bills for Jhe relief of Paymaster Maynadior
and Majoi J. W. Candee wero defeated.
Whim: the situation is not materially altcrol
along tho upper CQiirsc of tho Mississippi River
it continues to grow worse in Louisiana. The
loss of property is very large and but for the
Government assistance the sufferings of the
people would have been very severe.
An Illinois farmer killed his fifteen year
old hired boy and then cut his own throat.
Many years ago Sarah Burr inherited an
estate in Haw York, which was then valueless.
It is now in tho heart of the city and worth
millions. Miss Burr, who has just died, left
$'1,000,000 to public institutions in New York
Tiis correspondence between tho State De
partment and the American Logation at Lon
don shows that tho British government is dis
posed to enforce the coercion act without regard
to the protests sent from this bide of the ocean.
At a meeting of the Democratic Congress
ional Committee, General W. S. Rosccrans,
chairman of the committee, was elected chair
man of the executive committee, and ho and
Mr. Flower, of Xew York, wero authorized to
the Justices of the Supremo Court
and their wives. Tho gentlemen tvere, received
by General Arthur in the Rsd Parlor and tho
la2ji.s in tho Green Parlor, where a maid
brought from Ohio by Mrs. Garfield, and re
tained as lady's maid ror the lady guests of
the President, was in attendance. President
Arthur escorted Mrs. Justice Miller to tho
table. Among others present wero .Tustico
Bradley and Mrs. Brewster, Jnstice Matthews
and Miss Frclinghuysen, Justice Gray, Secre
tary Folgcr, Justice Field, Mrs. Matthews,
Chief Justice Waite, Mrs. Fild, Justice Har
lan, Miss Folger, Senator Edmunds, Attorney
General Brewster, Justico Woods, Mrs. Ed
munds, Justice Miller, and Mrs. Woods. 32m
dinner lasted frnm half-past aoven until half
past ten. Six varieties of w4ne were serred.
The Houso Elections Committco is making
fair progress in tho twenty-two contested elec
tion cases. Eight havo been considered and
A letter has been received at the Stato De
partment from Lieutenant Harbor giving an
account of the preparations for his journey to
Irkutsk to continue the search for Lieutenant
Chipp of tho .Teannetto polar expedition.
Lord George Francis Montague, son of the
late Duke of Manchester, and third secretary
of tho British Logation, died in this city, of
diphtheria, in his twenty-cighih year, Tho re
mains have been removed to England for
The Committco on Ways and Moans of the
nouse havo virtually abandoned the Carlisle
internal revenue bill. A bill will soon be pre
pared extending the time in-which distilled
spirits shall remain in bond, t remove the tax
on matches, to repeal the proprietary stamp as
well as the tax on bank deposits, and-tho stamp
acton bank checks.
Argument was had on Wednesday in the
Christiancy divorce case as to the relevancy of
taking depositions of witnesses in Detroit to
impugn the credibility of a witness named
THANKS TO SENATOR INGALLS.
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
ScnuvLnnviLLn, N. Y., March 11.
Headq'rs Frank Norton Tost, No. 116,
Department of New York, G. A. R.
At ajrcgular meeting of Frank Norton Post,
No. 116, G. A. R., it was
Resolved, That our grateful and heartfelt
thanks bo tenderrd to Senator Ingalls for his
nohle efforts in behalf of tho disabled soldiers
in tho lato war, for the preservation of Onr
Country in tho timo of her extreme peril, and
for his dofeaco of tho ponsion arrears bin.
Such act-ion ou his part assures us that the ox
soldior is not yot forgotten, and that his toils
aad privations were not endured in vain.
Resolved, That a copy of theso resolutions bo
sent to Senator Ingalls, and also a copy bo sent
to TnE National Tribune.
Nathan Munn, Ciias. H. Pease,
Adjutant. Rost Commander.
THE NATIONAL RIFLES' FAIR.
The National Rifles' fair was opened in Mason
ic Temple, this city, Wednesday evening under
the most flattering auspices. The decorations
are unique and brilliant, the interior repre
senting a camp scene. The walls are covered
with bine to simulate the sky, and the spaces
between each tent aro tilled with rustic scats
and bushes. The picturesque effect is height
ened by the stage setting, which represents an
encampment, and great guns protruding be
tween tho shrubbery complete the novel and
striking picture. Senator Hawley was tho
orator of tho eveniug on tho oscasion of tho
opening, and delivered a brief but highly felic
THE SOLDIERS' FRIENDECOGNIZED.
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
Argtle, N. Y., March II. At tho annual
meeting of tho Veteran Assseiation of Argyle,
Now York, a resolution of thanks was tendered
Hon. J. J. Ingalls, Hon. Daniel W. Voorhecs,
and Hon. George G. Vest, U. S. Senators, for
the noble and patriotic stand taken by them in
opposing the repeal of tho arrears of pension
act. A copy of tho resolution, signed by the
soldiers, was forwarded to Hon. J. J. Ingalls.
Let other veteran associations do likcwhe, and
manifest a proper appreciation of every effort
made in behalf of the soldier.
Baltimore is to havo a new Catholic journal,
edited by Mr. Wm. P. Meany, long a member
of tho editorial staff" of tho Daily iVeics of that
city. A large corps of able and experienced
writers will bo employed on tho now paper,
which promises to cover thoroughly all eccle
siastical matters of interest and importance, do
voting special attention to church news withia
the limits of tho Archdiocese of Baltimore.
MISMANAGEMENT OF THE SOLDIERS'
General Sturgis, Governor of the Soldiers'
Homo, near this city, has made an official
exposure of a disgraceful scandal in connection
with the management of the institution. Tho
Home is supported by inonej-s deducted from
the small pay of soldiers, and is in every sense
their property. General Sturgis recommends
tho building of A hall for intellectual exercises,
and also the construction of bowling alleys and
Among the category of abuses in connection
with the management, he states that the choic
est products of the vegetable and fruit gardens
are regularly delivered threo times a week to
two members of the Board of Commissioners at
their residences in this city; dairy products
nro delivered to one member of tho board ; tho
hot -houses and flower-garden apppar to bo
maintained for tho sple benefit of two members
of tho board, nono of the flowers being elisrrfb
Uted in tho Homo or hospital. Mechanics em
ployed at the institution were frequently di
rected to perform other work not connected
with the Home, and other abuses were de
scribed, showing an urgent necessity for re
form. Tho two Commissioners alluded to by
Genoral Sturgis as having been guilty of tho
abuses mentioned, arc Surgeon-General Barne3
end Commissary-General Macfeely. General
Barnes is President of the Board.
day. Archbij&hgp Gibbons and Bisltpp Peale
officiajtcd. Thirty priests wero in attendance.
Hundreds of people wore turned away from
Haight, who on a former occasion testified that j tho doors, unablo to obtain admittance.
The April number of DcmoresVs Monthly
Magazine has four Easter cards of roses in oil
colors, which are really gems of art, two steel
engravings, and numerous illustrations. The
contents ara varied and interesting. "Tho
Admiral's Ward," hy Mrs. Alexander, grows
in interest as it progresses; ''Society Life,"
by Jennie June, is an excellent article, and
twenty-four others aro not inferior in merit.
There are also " Current Topics of the Day,"
"Table Work," "Kitchen," and "Fashions for
One of tho most impressive funeral pageants Spring," leaving nothing more to be desired
ever witnessed in this city was that of Father for a family magazine, and the prico at two
floyle, held ativMatthoVs Church oji Thurs- dollars a year placet within tho reach of
Colonel Cook has withdrawn from the prose
cution in the star-route cases.