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title: 'The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, March 25, 1882, Page 7, Image 7',
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THE NATIONAL TKIBUNE: WASHING-TOST. T). C. MARCH 25. 1882.
Like n damask rose you see,
Or like a blossom on a tic
Or like the dainty flower in Mrfy,
Or like the morning to the day.
Or like thcMin, or like, the shade;
Or like the gpurd which Jonah made;
Even such is man, whose thread is spun,
Drawn out and out, and so is done.
The rose withers, the blossom blostclh,
The flower f.ule. the morning hasteth,
Tlic sun sets, the shadow flics,
The gourd consumes, the man he dies.
Like the grass that's newly sprung,
Or like that tale that's new begun,
Or like that bird that's here to-day,
Or like the pearled dew in May,
Or'likc an hour, or like a span,
Or l!ke the singing of the swan;
Even such is man, who lives by breath,
Is here, now there, in life and death.
The grass withers, the tulo is ended.
tThc b'ird is flown, the dew's ascended,
.. .The bourns .fljori, the span not long,
The swan's near death, man's life is done.
Like to tha bnhhlo In tho brook,
Or in a glass much like a look,
Or like the shuttle in weaver's hand,
Or like the writing on the sand,
Or like a thought, or like a dream,
Or like the gliding of the stream :
Even such is man, who lives by breath,
Is here, now there, in life and death.
The bubble's out, the look forgot.
The shuttle's flung, the writing's blot,
The thought is past, tho dream is gone,
The waters glide, man's life is done.
Like an arrow from a bow,
Or like a swift course of water flow,
Or like the time 'twixt flood and eb,
Or like the spider's tender web,
Or like a race, or like a goal,
Or like the dealing of a dole;
Even such is man, whose biittle state,
I? always subject unto fate.
The arrow shot, the flood soon spent.
The time no time, the web soon rent,
The race soon run, the goal soon won,
The dole soon dealt, man's life soon done.
Like to the lightning from the sky,
Or like a post that quick doth hie.
Or like a quaver in a song,
Or like a journey three days long,
Or like snow when summer's come,
Or like a pear, or like a plum ;
Even such is man, who heaps up sorrow,
Lives but this day and dies to-morrow.
The lightning's past, the post must go,
The song is fchort, the journey so,
The pear doth rot, the plum doth fall,
The snow dissolves, and so must all.
Mr. Donovan, from an old Irish manusa ipt.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
"Washington; D. C.
Correspondence Issolicited to this column. Com
munications addressed to the Uural Department
of The National Tribune, 615 Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. C, will be appreciated.
The conductor of Purtil Topics is very
desirous that the publisherof TheKatioxal
Tbibuxe should be placed in possession of
the address of either the Master, Secretary,
or Lecturer of each and every Subordinate
Grange, so that a copy of the paper may be
furnished for perusal by its members. It
is proposed to make the paper a welcome,
visitor to the home of everv member of the
Order, and the Sural Topics coiumn will, if
possible, be kept up to the progressive plane
of other departments of tie paper.
Seasonable Operations and Hixts.
Tomatoes, egg-plants, peppers, &c, should
be removed from the seed-bed when tho
plants have made several leaves, or when
about two inches high, and transplanted
either in a glazed frame in some sheltered
spot, where arrangements can be made for
covering them on cold nights and protect
them from drying cold winds. They should
be planted so that the lower leaves will
touch the surface of the ground, and set
about'two inches apart. To prevent them
from growing weak and tall, a knife may be
run down occasionally in the soil between
the plants. This will also prepare them for
final transplanting, as each plant will then
have an adhering maS3 of soil thickly per
meated with roots.
There is nothing to be gained by sowing
or planting crops before the soil and season
are fitted for them, but fresh, vegetables are
so great a luxury that many persons prefer to
make early plantings even at the risk of
failure. Early varieties of sweet corn, bush or
string beans, squash, or vegetable marrow, and
cucumbers may now be sown with hopes of
success, except in extremely rigorous regions.
Instead of planting for a large supply at once,
it should be the rule to make successive
plantings, so that the crops may follow each
other, and thus keep a constant supply of
tender, succulent vegetables. Repeating the
plantings when the plants of the preced
ing appear above ground will insure a
good succession. Lima beans, okra, and
melon seeds will not vegetate until the soil
is warm. Preparation may be made for
Lima beans by inserting the poles, digging
the soil deeply around them, mixing in a
portion of rotted manure, and forming
slightly rounded hills, so that the ground
will the sooner become dry and warm for
Seeds of rhubarb and asparagus should be
sown early, but where plants are obtainable
they are preferable to begin with in forming
plantations of limited extent in the house
garden. Old roots of rhubarb can be lifted
and divided into many plants. The soil can
hardly be over-manured for this crop. The
same is true as regards asparagus; estab
lished bens of the last will be much benefited
by an application of guano just as growth
Strawberries sneceed best when planted
in strong loamy soil deeply worked. They
should be planted as early as the ground is
in condition for working. Plant them in a
shallow furrow made with hoe or plow, not
over two inches in depth; in setting' the
plants press the soil firmly about the roots,
but avoid covering the top or bud. Old or
fruiting plantations should not be disturbed
by hoe or cultivator until tho crop is
gathered. Formerly it was a general prac
tice to dig or fork the ground about the
plants in spring, but such disturbance of the
surface roots at this season is known to bo
very detrimental to the crop. Deep culture
of the soil is injurious to this crop after
planting; a mere scraping of the soil to pre-
vent the growth of weeds is sufficient.
In setting out raspberry plants especial
care must be given so that the young buds
from which young shoots or canes are to be
produced are not too deeply buried. Many
failures result from carelessness in this re
gard. The old stem should ' be cut off close
to the ground; it is of no ArrtHer use, and
any attempt to have fruit from"it;wil only
be futile and disastrous to the growth of
Dwarf pear trees are exceedingly interest-
ing as well as profitable objects of culture
where space i3 limited; aud there is no more
pleasing occupation for fruit amateurs than
is afforded by attending to a choice collec
tion of pear trees which are grafted on
quince stocks. To derive full benefit from
them a rich toil is indispensable, and good
treatment necessary at all stages of their
existence. In planting these it is essential
to cover the whole of the quince stock and
about an inch of the pear stem to prevent
borers from getting a lodgment in the quince
stock, which they are very likely to do if
any portion of it is exposed. Deep planting
in this case is not injurious, as roots will
be produced from all parts of tho quince
In planting trees of any kind the tops
should be severely pruned. Even with the
greatest care in lifting, only a portion of the
roots can be secured. In the ordinary prac
tice of lifting trees the roots are subjected to
much mutilation, and the branches or shoots
should be reduced, so as to correspond, to
some degree, with the loss of roots. The
older the tree is when moved, the greater
will be the relative loss of roots. For this
reason, young trees are better for general
planting than older ones. In the case of
fruit trees, such as the apple, pear, plum,
and cherry, what are known in nurseries as
two-year old trees should be selected.
Peaches are exceptional ; few planters would
accept two-year old trees of these as a gift;
one-year old trees are best, aud these should
be pruned, so as to appear like walking
canes, when planted.
Young planters invariably make the mis-
take, it they can, ol
tree3. Tho experience of others in this
matter seems of no avail; they must buy
their own experience, and it is oftentimes
very costly. The same pruning rules apply
to grapes; whether one year old or two year
old plants are used, they should be pruned
close down, leaving only two or three buds
on the plant. Nursery-grown trees are usu
ally subjected to one or more removals before
they are considered saleable, the object being
to encourage the formation of roots near the
stem; trees thus prepared can be removed
without much risk of failure. This practice
is more particularly directed to some kinds
of ornamental and shade frees, such as the
Tulip tree, Sugar maple, &c, the Silver ma
ple, most of the Poplars, and all trees which
make many fibrous roots when young, are
known as easily transplanted trees. When
nursery-grown trees are not easily obtained,
aud substitutes are selected in the nearest
woodlands and forests, the safest method is
to carefully remove the selected tree, with
all the roots possible, and after it is properly
planted, saw off the stem on a level with .the
ground. A cluster of young shoots will then
be produced, the best one of which is selected
and all the others removed, and in a few
years a fine tree will result.'
Deciduous trees should be planted as early
as practicable in spring, but evergreen species
are removed with greatest success just as
their buds commence growth. This is also
the best time to prune evergreens when they
require it. Hedges of Arborvitaj, Norway
spruce, Hemlock spruce, and boxwoor,edg-
ings should receive their principal shearings
just as spring growth commences ; they wll
then speedily put on a fresh growth, but if
clipping is delayed until growth has well
advanced, the plants will probably be disfig
ured during the entire season.
Lawns and grass plats.are much benefited
by rolling after the winter frosts. If annual
grasses gained a foothold last summer there
will now be many ugly bare spots. The
dead grasses should be raked off and a
sprinkling of good soil thrown upon the
bare places, then sow them pretty thickly
with blue grass seed, settling tho whole
thoroughly by rolling with a heavy roller.
A great feature in preserving fresh looking
lawns is that of cutting the grass very early'
and often during the firrit six weeks of
growtn. nis causes the plants to spread
and form a thick surface, and increases their
ability to withstand the dry days and
scorching suns of summer.
Satisfactory lawns depend much upon the
care with which they were made. A deeply
loosened soil is the first essential, and it
should be moderately enriched. "When
thoroughly worked and pulverized sow the
following mixture, the quantities mentioned
being sufficient for one acre. One bushel
Red Top, (Agroslis vulgaris)-, two bushels
June, or Blue Grass, (Poapratense) ; one quart
Timothy, (Phlcum pratense) ; and two pounds
White clover, (Trifolium repens). These
quantities should be well mixed before sow
ing, and unless the ground is particularly
fine on the surface, it will receive sufficient
covering by passing a roller over it after
House Plants.-TIio application, or rather
the mis-application of water, kills moro pot
plants than anything else. It is also a mat
ter which does not admit of being formulated
into definite rules, so much depends upon
individual circumstances and surroundings.
When a plant is wet, it docs not, of course,
require water, yet many persons water their
plaints daily regardless of individual wants.
When a plant is dry, sufficient water should
be given so that it will reach every root, and
penetrate every portion of tho soil in the
pot, yet many persons merely sprinkle the
surface, which is constantly damp, while
the great bulk of tho soil is parched. The
condition of the plant must also be consid
ered in watering. Plants in luxuriant
growth, and those, which have filled the
pots with roots, will require more water
than will thoso which are feeblo in growth
have been recently re-potted and have their
roots surrounded with soil in which there
are no roots. The application of water is a
factor of controlling influence in the man
agement of plants in pots.
House plants are much subject .to be at
tacked by the aphis, or green fly. The ordin
ary method of destroying these insects in
greenhouses is by fumigation from burning
tobacco, but this is not practicable in the
case of plants in parlors and dwelling rooms.
There is no application which is at onco so
effectual in killing these insects and so
cleanly, as that of dusting the plants with
pyrethruni or Persian insect powder; if pre
ferable, the plants may be removed to a
convenient place and sprinkled with water
in which the powder has been mixed ; a tea
spoonful of the powder in two or more gal
lons of water will prove effectual.
Boot Chops. The present short supply
of potatoes will encourage the planting of a
large area this year, and with an ordinarily
propitious season the importation of potitoes
will cease, with small liklihood of ever beimr
crops ia that of imperfect preparation of the
Tl I 1 TY1 fl TTT )I1110I Ar nli ahI. w a i. . A. .
land previous to planting. To begin with,
the land should be plowed in the fall, unites
it is of :i light windy character, when fall
plowing may not be so absolutely essential.
It should be cross plowed in spring, and
harrowed to a fine tilth with a deep toothed
harrow, pulverizing the ground in a thorough
maimer. Furrows are then opened thirty
inches apart by running the plough twice in
thc same furrow, in opposite directions, thus
throwing the surface into ridges. The pota
toes are planted in the bottom of tho furrows,
and after planting covered with a light coat
ing of well rotted manure, or a heavier
dressing of uurotted manure ; then the fur
rows aro closed by splitting the ridges,
which are finished by passing over them
with a harrow. The ground for parsnips,
turnips, carrots, and mangels should be
similarly prepared, but instead of being
sown in the open furrow, they are sown on
the ride after harrowinc. in other words,
when the notato nlantim? is finished it is in
a proper state for sowing the seeds of the
above roots, minus the potatoes. The after-
cultivation consists in thinning the plants
to twelve or fifteen inches apart, keeping
down weeds, and stirring the ground between
the rows at least once in two weeks, and the
dryer the season the more strictly should
thi3 frequent surface stirring bo enforced.
Worms in Land. Lately there has been
much said about the agency of worms in
raising the surface of the soil by means of
their castings, and the effects which they
produce in burying ruins of buildings, and
in covering up stones in fields, &c.
Doubtless something may be due to the
worms, but there is a far more powerful
agent at work over a large portion of the
globe, and that is frost. In various parts of
this country where battles were fought
during the revolutionary Avar, bullets are
found at a certain uniform depth from the
surface, aud that depth depends entiiely
upon the depth which frosts penetrate. Soil
when frozen expands aud becomes sufficiently
loose or porous, so that stones and metallic
bodies gradually sink until they reach the
limit of no frost, where they remain.
"Whether or not this phenomena of stone
burying by natural agencies is as prevalent
in tropical climates as it is in temperate
climates, we have no means at hand of
estimating, but in tho absence of frost we
would not expect to find the sinkage of
stones so marked as it undoubtedly is in
When to cut Gkass. Some of the
correspondents of the Kcio England Home
stead arc going for Superintendent Sanborn
of the College Farm for claiming that grass
should not be cut until it is in bloom, in a
very sharp way. One of them says:
"After reading Prof. Sanborn's writings, I
must say that I am very much astonished
that any practical farmer, and certainly a
professor in a State college, should advocate
the cutting of grass in bloom or a few days
subsequently. I have had fifty years' ex
perience in cutting and feeding hay. Many
seasons much of it was cut too late. Our
present crop gives the best satisfaction of
any lifter fed, and four-fifths of it was cut
in June. From iny experience I am satis
fied that 1,500 pounds of timothy cut one
week previous to bloom will make more
butter, beef or mutton than 2,000 pounds
one week subsequent to bloom. Nine tons
are cntioo late where one is cut too early.
There was an article in the Homestead, I
'think two years ago last summer, purporting
to be tho experiments of a German chemist
with grass, claiming that if cut while green,
83 per cent, was nutriment ; when in blossom,
(52 per cent. ; and when seed is fully formed,
or ripe, 31 per cent, nutriment. I am no
chemist, but think that article worth more
than any other I ever read. If that is near
a fair representation of the value of grass in
the different stages, Prof. Sanborn is ad
vocating the waste of millions in the Middle
and Eastern States. I hope he will repent
and be converted from tho error of his
Crop Estimates. Cereal estimates of
the Department of Agriculture of the crops
of 1881, as compared with those of 1880, show
a reduction of 31 per cent, in corn, 22 in
wheat, 27 in rye, and 9 in barley. The pro
duct of oats was about 1,400,000 bushels less
than the previous year. Aggregate product,
all cereals, 2,003,029,570 bushels, against
2,718,193,501 decrease, 24 per cent. Values
are, in rouud millions, as follows: Corn,
3759,000,000 ; wheat, $453,000,600 ; oats, $1 93,-
000,000; rye, $19,000,000; barley, $33,000,000;
buckwheat,. $8,000,000. Total, $1,405,000,000,
$1,301,000,000 in 18S0. Thus it
appears that while the aggregate yield of all
crops in 1881 was one-fourth less than in
1S80, tho total value was over $100,000,000
Preserving Wood. The Builder states
that M. Loatal, a French railway contractor,
recommends quicklime as a preservative for
timber. He puts tho sleepers into pits, and
covers them with quicklime, which is slowly
slacked with water. Timber for mines must
be left for eight days before it is completely
impregnated. It becomes extremely hard
and tough, and is said never to rot. Beech
wood, prepared in tho same manner, has
been used in several iron works for hammers
and other tools, and is reputed to be as hard
as iron, without the loss of the ehisticity
peculiar to it. According to the Kurze
BcrieUc, lime slacked in a solution of chlo
ride of calcium is used at Strasburg as a fire
proof and waterproof coating for wood.
The Pomegeanite Tho Pomegranite,
(Punica Granattim,) is a small tree, seldom
reaching more than 20 feet in height; it is a
native of Northern Africa and Western Asia.
Tho ancients called it tho Carthagenian
apple because it was first known to grow in
the vicinity of Carthage. It is cultivated in
many warm climates for the sake of its
fruits, and in temperate climates as an or
namental plant for tho beauty of its flowers
as well as that of its fruits, even where the
latter do not attain perfection of ripeness.
The fruit is held in high esteem on account
of its delicious, cooling, and refreshing pulp.
Beforo it is eaten the seed are removed and
the pulp sprinkled with sugar and rosewator
Several varieties aro cultivated, some being
sweet aud vinous, and others acid, or of a
bitter, astringent taste, and the color of the
pulp is much redder in somo than in others.
The rind of the fruit contains tannin, and is
used in tanning leather; it is said to give
the yellow color to morocco leather. Tho
bark of the root is used in medicine; it
abounds in a peculiar acrid principle called
jmnicin. The bark was used by the ancients
as a vermifuge, and it is still used as a spe
cific against the tape-worm. The flowers
of wine is
lion. Its culture is. therefore, of great an
tiquity. Axalyzixc. Beet It is stated that, M.
Desprez, ou his farm of Cappellc, near Lille,
France, has established a laboratory especially
to control the richness of the root cultivated
qn 250 acres, grown simply for seed ; some
2,000 to 3,000 analyses can be made daily,
and the beet found richest in sugar is kept
for seed; from 12 to 15 per cent, of sugar is
anticipated; roots yielding less are thrown
., It is not explained how a beet that has
been cut to pieces, for the purpose of analy
ses can afterwards be kept for seed; it is
evident that the statement needs revision, as
do many of the statements issued from labor
I ' -Details in Silk Culture Mr. L. S.
Grozier, of Corinth, Miss., in remarks on silk
culture, lii'ures ui as follows: The numhr-r
of trees to the acre range from 100 to o 10 ;
the former number if tho soil is to be culti
vated betweon the trees in other crops.
Three hundred and forty trees after four
years will furnish enough leaves to feed
S0,000 worms, which will make 200 pounds
of cocoons, worth from 50 cents to 75 cents
per pound, or from one dollar to one dollar
and a half dry. One hand can attend to
40,000 worms, which will produce 100 pounds
of cocoons, worth from ?50 to ?75. Three
hands, with a little extra help the last week,
can attend to 200.000 worms, which will pro
duce 1,000 pounds of cocoons, worth from
$500 to 5750. Eggs are worth from ?5 to
?G per ounce, or $1 per 1,000,-10.000 worms
being obtained from one ounce of
Fourteen pounds of leaves on an avoragc will
make one pound of silk, which, reeled, is
worth from $G to $9 per pound. One-half
pound of silk can be reeled by an average
hand per day, who can learn in three months'
time, reeling an hour each day. The general
success of silk growers from Kansas to North
Carolina, from Texas to Florida, proves that
the raising of the silk worm is to be an im
portant addition to the other products of the
Fertilizers and Crops. At a meeting
of the Deer Creek Farmers' Club, Harford
county, Maryland, Mr. Castner spoke as fol
lows: Mr. Castner said that if they wanted to
improve their farms rapidly they must
adopt his plan of plowing down clover sod
every two years. At that time it is in its
prime, and furnishes more vegetable matter
to tho soil than when older. What is needed
in our soils is vegetable matter. He thought
the time had como wben farming cannot be
successful without the use of chemical fer
tilizers. With them you can improve land
quicker, cheaper, and raiso better crops than
with anything except clover. The chief
elements of fertility are phosphoric acid,
potash, soda, magnesia, and a little ammonia.
Nature will supply all the ammonia needed,
but the rest must be obtained from some
chemical fertilizer. In bone you only sup
rplyono kind of plant food, phosphate of
lime, which is slowly convertible intophps
phoric acid by the action of the elements.
With chemical fertilizers you can raise more
and better wheat at a smaller outlay than
with barnyard manure more and better t
wheat also than with Peruvian guano. Mr.
Ofistner's rotation is to plow sod for corn,
follow the corn with oats the next spring,
sow wheat after the oats, and the following
spring sow clover. He mows or pastures
the clover tho first year, pastures it the next,
aud the following year plows it down for
corn again. He sows somo timothy with
his clover, but would not if the clover were
sure to take root without it, as he regards
clover better to use, but not to sell, than
timothy. He applies his chemical fertilizers
with a drill for wheat, and also with a wheat
drill for corn, using 400 pounds to the acre
for corn and 300 for wheat. For two years he
has been using South Carolina rock and pot
ash, and the result has been so satisfactory
that last fall he put in his entire wheat crop
with it. The cost is $2G a ton. Bone will
not improve land as well as a properly pre
pared phosphate, and there is just as much
adulteration in bone as in anything else. If
you buy any phosphates, he said, you buy
South Carolina rock at phosphate prices, be
cause it enters into the composition of all
the better chemical fertilizers. He had used
it alongside of high grade and reliable phos
phates, and could see no difference. He used
ho fertilizer for oats, as under his system
none is needed, and he raises good crops.
Spruce Gum. Forty thousand dollars'
worth of chewing gum is gathered in the
Stale of Maine every year. In Oxford
county is a man who makes it his business
to collect spruce gum. Every year he buys
from seven to nine tons. Tho gum is found
chiefly in tho region about Umbagog Lake
and about Rangely lakes. A number of
men do nothing else in the winter season
except collect gum. With snowshoes, axe,
and a Sheboygan, on which is packed tho
gum, they spend days and nights in the
woods. Tho clear, pure lumps of gum aro
sold in their native state, tho best bringing
one dollar per pound. Scientific American.
HOW AMERICAN GIRLS KISS.
The Maine girl, tall and ruddy, says a
writer in the Atlanta Constitution, kisses as
though she wore taking an impression in
the chewing-gum of her native State. The
Massachusetts girl kisses in the Greek style,
flavored with brown bread. Tho New York
girl goes at it as if she were dabbling in a
Wall street speculation. The kiss of the
Now Jersey girl is fiery as a taste of apple
jack, better known as Jersey lightning.
Little Delaware's girls are as soft as peaches
which grow there. A Maryland kiss is as rich
and juicy as a terrapin stew. In the Old
Dominion you are met with a genuine hos
pitality; the girls kiss as though they
wanted you to stay. The Ohio girl is de
scribed as possessing tho comprehensive
qualities of the Ohio man she wants all
she can get and gets all sho can. A Louis
iana kiss is said to bo like eating sugar cane,
while North Carolina girls stick like tar.
afford a yellow dye, and a kind
s-ornetimes made of J he fruits,
writings the vine, tho tin, and
granite are generally mentioned
INTEMPERANCE AT THE TABLE.
Ten persons die prematurely of too much
food where one dies of too much drink.
Thousands eat themselves into fever, bowel
disease, dyspepsia, throat affections and
other maladies. The stomach is the reser
vior which supplies the whole body. A fever,
an inflammation, or some other malady, ap
pears. There you will find the source of the
case. I am acquainted with the table habits
of a large number of persons. They have
all eaten too much food. Nearly all too
much in quanity, but all have eaten food too
highly concentrated. Yesterday I saw a
dyspeptic friend eating pears at a fruit stand.
He said with a smile, "I go a few Bartletts
half a dozen times a day." Certain dietetic
reformers seem to think if they eat coarse
bread and ripe fruits, a neck is all right.
! Fm,i Hour oread, pies and cakes are great
evils. A friend who has decayed teeth,
dyspepsia and a disagreeable eruption, all
produced by excessive eating of improper
food, declared in response to my remon
strance : " But I never eat more thau I want."
Every person wants the quantity he has
been in the habit of eating. If he could
digest well two pounds a day, but eat four
pounds, he wants the latter quantity. A man
may want a glass of spirits on rising. He is
in the habit of drinking at that time.
The body is strengthened by what it can
digest and assimilate. Every ounce more
than this is mischievious. The large eater
is always hungry. The man who eats just
enough suffers little from hunger. Pardon
a word of my own experience. During many
years of practice at my profession I had but
little muscular exercise, I ate enormously.
An hour's postponement of my dinner was
painful. Now I can omit a dinner altogether
without inconvenience. I have lost twenty
pounds in weight but feel a great deal
younger. (More than half the thin people
would gain flesh by eating less.) I have only
one dietetic rule from which I never depart.
This rule, kind reader, I commend toj'ou:
Always take on your plate, before you begin
to eat, everything you arc going to eat.
Thus you avoid a desert, and are pretty sure
not to cat too much. This simple rule has
been worth thousands to me. Yes, I think
there are persons why eat too little, but
where there is one such person there are
hundreds who eat too much. When in this
country of plenty a person is found who eats
too little, it is, generally speaking, by eating
fine flour bread and other unnutriciotis
trash. Fine flour bread is but little bet
ter than sawdust. If you eat oatmeal,
cracked wheat, and beef, you will be sup
prised to find how little food you require.
Dio Lewis, in Golden Pule.
A GIRL OF FIFTEEN TWICE MARRIED.
The marriage of Miss Ella Shores to Mr.
Howard E. White, of Dames Quarter Dis
trict, Somerset county, on the 5th instant,
deserves more than a passing notice. Doubt
less many of our readers remember Miss
Shores as the thirteen-year-old bride of Sid
ney Shores ; if they do not, we will refresh
their memories. On the 5th of February,
18S0, the Ecv. Z. Bowen united. tHe last
named parties in marriage; on the 9th of
the, same' month Shores was arrested at his
home in Dames Quarter, and Rev. Bowen
was arrested in Mount Yernon, and taken
before' Justice A. K. Robinson, of Princes3
Anne, and committed to jail in default of
bail. Miss Shores was thirteen years of age,
and' tho step-daughter of Sidney Shores, who
was between thirty-five and forty years old.
In the first place the said Sidney had mar
ried his uncle's widow, and she had not been
dead more than two months when ho in
duced his wife's daughter by her first hus
band to marry him. Tho child was too
young to know any better, and no blame
was attached to her. In this State a penalty
of $500 is imposed upon a man for taking to
wife a step-daughter, and the minister, upon
conviction, is fined $1,500 for performing the
Both Shores and Bowen were indicted at
tho April terra of court, 1830. Both trials'
took place during the same term. Shores
was convicted, and a fine of $500 was im
posed upon him, he to stand committed
until fino and costs were paid. The convict
was a poor man, and if the terms of the sen
tence were to be carried out, it looked as
though the groom would pass the remainder
of his days in jail. Fortune favored him,
however, and ho escaped from jail on the
20th of May, 1880, and we have not heard
from him since. Mr. Bowen was tried by
jury, and acquitted on the ground that he
did not know the girl or the affinity existing
between her and Shores. The whole affair
created quite a talk at the time, and the city
papers had long and inaccurate accounts of
The marriage of Sidney and Ella was set
aside or annulled by the court. The respect
ive ages of Howard E. White and Ella, his
wife, are nineteen and fifteen years. So it
will bo seen that on the same day of the
same month, two years a,fter her first mar
riage, the said Ella was for the second time
united in tho holy bonds of matrimony, and
that her last husband is about half as old as
tho first one. Somerset (iltf.) Herald.
DYING WORDS OF NOTED PERSONS.
Dr. Goodwin, when dying, asked : " Is this
dying ? How have I dreaded as an enemy,
this smiling friend."
Eobert Wilkinson said, "Oh what has tho
Lord discovered to me this night! Oh the
glory of God and Heaven ! Oh the lovely
beauty, the happiness of paradise ! God is
all love, He is nothing but love. Oh help
me praise him ! I shall praise him forever."
"Joy," was the last word the gifted Han
nah Moore uttered on earth.
" Oh, those rays of glory ! said Mrs. Clark
son. "My God J come flying to Thee," said
Lady Alice Lucy.
"Oh the greatness of tho glory that is re
vealed to mo, said Lady Hastings.
"I feel as if I were sitting with Mary at
the feet of my Redeemer, hearing the music
of His voice, and learning of nim to be meek
and lowly," said the poetess, Mrs. Hemans.
" Oh sweet dying!" said Mrs. Talbott.
"If this be dying, it is tho pleasantest
thing imaginable." said Glenorely.
"Victory, victory, through the blood of
tho Lamb!" said Grace Bennett.
"I shall go to my father this night," said
"Children, when I am gone, sing a song of
praise to God," said the mother of the Kas-
"Do Women Dress Well?" asks Kate
Field in Our Continent They do, Kate,
they do. When a woman starts to dress she
ia certainly long enough about it to do it
CLAIMS ! CLAIMS I
in 1865 I
GrEOBGE E. LEMOS",
Offlce, CIS Fifteenth St., (Citizen's National B3ai,)
WASHINGTON, D. C.
P. O. Drawee 325.
.! nii '
If wounded, Injured, or have contracted any dis
ease, however slight the disability, apply at once.
Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fa
thers, and minor brothers and sisters, in the order
named, are entitled.
War of 1812.
All surviving: ofllccrs and soldiers of this war,
whether in the Military or Naval service of tho
United States, who .served fourteen (11) days; or. if
in a battle or skirmish, for a less period, and tho
widows of such who have not remarried, are en
titled to a pension of eight dollars a month. Proof
of loyalty is no longer required in these claims.
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than former
ly, and many arc now entitled to a higher rate than
From and after January, 1SSI. I shall make no
charges for my service in claims for increase of
pension, where no new disability is alleged, unless
successful in procuring the increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped
from the pension roll, or whoe names have been
stricken therefrom by reason of failure to draw
their pension for a period of three -ears, or by
reason of rp-fnl:tnieiit, may have their pensions:
renewed by corresponding with this House.
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment In an
other, is not a bar to pension in cases where tho
wound, disease, or injury was incurred while in tho
service of the United States, and in the line of
Survivors of all wars from 1700 to March 3, 1853,
and certain heir-, aro entitled to one hundred and
sixty acres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of the late war not entitled.
Land warrai-ts purchased for cash at the highest
market rates, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War.
Eation money promptly collected,
Amountsduecollected without unnecessary de
lay. Such claims cannot be collected without tha
t Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to.
Many claims of this character have been erro
neously rejected. Correspondence in such cases i3
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in
States not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special at
tention, provided they were filed before January 1,
1SS0. If not filed prior to that date they are barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to the above we prosecute Military
and Naval claims of every description, procure Pat
ents, Trade-Marks, Copyrights, attend to busi
ness before the General Land Office and other Bu
reaus of the Interior Department, and all the De
partments of the Government.
"We invite correspondence from all interested, as
suring them of the utmost promptitude, energy,
and thoroughness in all matters intrusted to our
GEORGE E, LEMON,
As this may reach tho hands of some persons un
acquainted with this House, we append hereto, na
specimens of the testimony in our possession,
copies of letters from several gentlemen of political
and military distinction, and widely known
throughout the United States:
Belvidere, III., Oclobcr24, 1S73.
I take great pleasure in recommending Captain
George E. Lemon, now of "Washington, D C., to
all persons who may have claims to settle or other
buisuess to proseoute before the Departments at
"Washington. I know him to be throughly quali
fied, well acquainted with the laws, and with De
partment rules in all matters growing out of the
late war, especially in the Paymaster's and Quar
termaster's Oitices. I have had occasion to employ
him for friends of mine, also, in the soliciting of
Patents, and have found him very active and suc
cessful. As a gallant ofiicer during the war and an
honorable aud aiieeeful practitioner, I recommend,
him strongly to all who may need his services.
S. A. HUKLBUT, M. C.
Fourth Congressional District Illinois,
Late Major-General U. S. Vols,
Citizens' National Bank,
"Washington, D. C, January 1", 1S79.
Captain Geokoe E. Lejion, attorney and agent
for the collection of war claims at Washington city,
is a thorough, able, and exceedingly well-informed
man of husinexs, of high character, and entirely
responsible. I believe that the interests of all
having war claims requiring adjustment cannot bo
confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CEE5WELL.
HorsE of Representatives,
"WasUincjton, D. C, March , lh73.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain
George IS. Lemon of this city, I cheerfully com
mend him as a gentleman of integrity nnd well
qualified to attend to the collection of bounty and
other claims against the Government. His expe
rience in that line give him superior advantages.
"W. P. SPIiAGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio
JAS. D. STRAWBKIDGE, M. C, "
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania,
House of Representatives,
Washington, D. C, March 1, 1873,
"We, tho undersigned, having an acquaintance
with Captain George E. Lemon for the past few
years, and a knowledge of the systematic manner
in which he conducts his extensive business, and of
his reliability for fair and honorable dealings con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend him to
A. V. BICE, Cliairman
Committee on Invalid Pensions. House Sen.
"W. F. SLEMONS. M. C, J
Second District of Ark
7. P. LYNDE. M. C,
Fourth District of Wis.
K. W. TOWNSHEND. 31. C
Nineteenth District of IU,
43T"Any person desiring information as to my
standing and responsibility will, on request, be fur
.niahed with a satisfactory reference in his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
GEORGE E. LEMON, Att'yataw
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Send sketch or model for Preliminary Examina
tion and Opinion as to Patentability, for which Jfo
Charge is made. If reported patentable, no
charge for services Unless Successful. Send fox
Pamphlet of Instructions.
ESTABLISHED IN 1865.