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THE NATIONAL, TBIBIIKE: WAS$pNQT(mjD. C, APBXL 1, 1882.
A SPRING SONG.
Tho blithsomc Spring is coming
.And the mellow sunlight falls
"Where the golden i,ccs arc humming
In their honeysuckle halls
Whero the coaxing little song-blrda
Woo their mates amid tho trees,
And the music of their love-words
Pass like echoes on the breeze.
Young flowers with dew nro laden-Tell-tale
relics of the sighs
Of somo little fairy maiden
"Who was courted 'neath the skies
"When mortal folks were sleeping.
And through leafy flower and dell
Sly, merry stars were peeping
Watchers who will never tell.
Skies of Summer may be brighter,
Fairer flowers beneath them grow,
And its breezy touch bo lighter
Than the Spring winds' vigorous blow
But Springtime kills the cold days;
Decks the meadows and the bowers;
And when dying, in its old days,
Leaves us summer and its flowers.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
WASHINGTON, D. O.
Correspondence Is solicited to this colnmu. Com
munication addressed to the Rural Department
of Terrs National TniBCKn, CIS Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. C, vriil be appreciated.
Tho conductor of Rural Topics is very
lesiron3 tbat the publisher of Tite NATIONAL,
TuinruE should be placed in possession of
the address of cither the Master, Secretary,
or Lecturer of ech aiid every Subordinate
Graufee, eo that a copy of Ite paper may he
iomi.bed for perusal by its iceRibers. It
is proposed to make the paper a welceme
visitor to the home of every meraber of tho
Order, and the Evral Topics column will, if
7!Rible, be kept up to the progressive plan
of other departments of the paper.
Grafting: its Purposes. Grafting is
employed as a method of propagating or in
creasing plants which will not reproduce
themselves in all their characteristics from
reerl, and which are difficult topropaate by
cuttinc?. For instance, if it is desired to
multiply the Newtofrn pippin apple or tho
Seckel pear, we will be unable to do so by
sowing the seeds of these respective fruits;
neither can they be profitably increased by
the same process with which we propagate a
willow by cuttings of the young branches ;
therefore grafting is resorted to as a ready
means of multiplying the particular varieties
Grafting is also employed as a means of
adding vigor to weak or slender growing
plants. This is accomplished hy choosing a
stock of well-known vigorous growth. For
instance, weak growing roses, snch as La
Pactole, when grafted upon strong growing
briars or other equally vigorous kinds, pro
duce better growths and finer flowers than
they do when raised from cuttings. Tkis
practice of grafting with the special purpose
of imparting greater vigor is not systemat
ically applied to fruiting plants, although
some cultivators of the grape-vine hara
found great advantages to bo derived by
grafting certain comparatively weak grow
ing varieties, such as the Delaware, upon
more robust kinds, such as the Clinton.
The grafting of grapes is now being ex
tensively practiced in Europe, ' tho stocks
used being mostly our American species and
varieties. This is done because some kinds
of our native species resist the attacks of
the phylloxera or root louse, so destructive
to the vines of Europe.
Again, grafting is employed for an oppo
site purpose to the last mentioned that is,
for the repression of vigorous growth, and
through that to hasten and increase the pro
duction of fruit. This is in some cases
" known as the dwarfing process, and results
in securing technically-called dwarf trees.
Instances may be noted, such as the dwarf
pear, which is produced by grafting pear
shoots on quince stocks, and the dwarf
cherry, which is produced by grafting our
large fruited cherries upon a weaker grow
ing European species known as the Mahalab
cherry. This process is in accordance with
a well-established law in vegetable physi
logy. that repression of growth is favorable
to early maturity.
Grafting is also usefully employed in test
ing seedling fruits, in so far that by grafting
a shoot of a young seedling apple upon an
old bearing apple tree the process will cause
an earlier ' fruiting condition of the shoot
thus grafted as compared with the fruiting
condition of the seedling. It is a common
observation that seedling orange and lemon
trees will not bear fruit until they are
grafted. This is not, however, strictly true;
the grafting of these with scionB from bear
ing plants will have a tendency to hasten
the fruiting period and insure a good variety
of fruit, provided the scion has been ob
tained from a good kind, but it does not
follow that seedling oranges or lemons will
not fruit if time is allowed for tlaem to do
eo. Some of the finest oranges in the groves
of Florida are from seedlings which hare
never been grafted. Allowing seedings to
fruit is the only way to get improved
Grafting is only successful when the stock
and scion are nearly related. It can only be
pradically useful with varieties of the samo
epecics, species of tho samo genus, or genera
of the same natural order. In the latter
claps there are many exceptions, and in all
the results are very varied.
The operation known as budding is subject
to the same laws as that of grafting.
Inarching is also another method of reach
ing the same results.
Failures is Making Lawns. Numer
ous reasons may be assigned for failures in
getting a good set of grass on a lawn, such
as poor, shallow soil, bad eecd, dry seasons,
want of timely cutting, and conseqnent over
growth of weeds; but perhaps the moro fre
quent of all reasons for failuro is the perni
cious practice of sowing oats or similar grains
with the seed. This Is doneso it is main
tained by those who favor the practice in
order to shade tho grass, but why grass
should require shading more than oats is
not explained; with equal propriety it
might be said that Indian corn should be
planted in order to shade the oats.
What the young grass plant really requires
is moisture in the soil, and any stronger
growing plant, such as the oat, only tends to
decrease the moisture, and thus injures the
graNS crop. There is no difficulty whatever
in seenrinjj good thick set lawns If the proper
kinds of grass are used and nothing else, and
sown at the proper time. In northern locali
ties spring is the best season, and in more
southern regions the "months of August and
September will be best
It is not unusual for spring sown lawns to
require mowing in from four to six weeks
after Sowing, and a good looking lawn se
cured in two months; but this cannot be
expected where oats or any other grain is
mixed with the seed.
Ornamental Trees for Lawns A pre
vailing error in planting lawns of not more
than one or two acres in extent is that of se
lecting trees of the largest growth, which
soon become a serious evil, and one which is
not easily remedied except by their entire
removal, which is sometimes, although re
luctantly, done. Ornamental grounds depend
quite as much for their beauty on the stretch
of unobstructed grassy lawn as upon trees
and shrubs. The skillful combination of
trees and grass forms the art of landscape
gardening, so far as planting is concerned,
and no small part of this art consists in the
selection of trees, which, both in form and
size of growth, are best adapted to the size
and disposition of the grounds-to be orna
mented. The following list embraces only medium
sirxd trees, well fitted for limited lawns and
Acer campestre, the European field maple,
is one of the most desirable of small trees
for its dense foliage and symmetrical habit
of growth. Acer palmalum, an elegant Japan
species. Acer polymorphum, also from Japan ;
there are numerous elegant varieties of this
specits, all highly interesting and ornamen
tal. Acer striatum, the striped barked maple
or Jloocswood, is a native species, conspicu
ous in winter on account of its beautifully
striped bark. Ccrcis Canadensis, the Judas
tree, vn-Yl known for its early spring flower
ing and handsome summer foliage. Cormis
Jlorida, tho large flowering dogwood. Cormis
mttncule, the Cornelian cherry; the variegated
form of this species is one of the finttof all
hnrdy variegated Jretfrd trees. Xhcphcrdia
ar?r,itr, ib Buffalo-berry, has an abundance
of vrtriet fruit, which are sometimes eaten
for taeir acidity. Fagvz sylvatica asplenifolia,
the cnt-lexftrd beach, is a very unique orna
mental plant. Chionanthvs virginica, the.
fringe tree, has curious flowers, as if cut out
of white paper. Jlale.v'a Mnmtera, the silver
bell or snow-drop tree, so named from its
numerous bell-like flowers. Koirculcria jmni
culata,ti Japan plant, having finely pinnated
leaves, yellow flowers, and bladdery seed
vessels. Magnolia glauca, the fragrant swamp
magnolia. Magnolias, conxpicua, Soulangcana,
and Lcnne, are spring flowering kinds of
mnch beauty. Flclca trifoliata, tho hop tree,
both useful and ornamental. Fyrus pruni
folia, the Siberian crab apple; there are sev
eral varieties of this species, mostly compact
growing trees of medium size, well adapted
for ornamenting lawns, and at the same time
yielding useful fruits.
Currant Borer. In some parts of the
country the culture of currant bushes has
been abandoned on account of their con
tinued destruction by a small caterpillar
which bores into the center of the young
branches and frequently attacks older stems.
These insects are most partial to the red cur
rant, yet the black currant, and even tho
gooseberry, is sometimes attacked. N.ot only
do tho broken stems, so weakened as to be
unable to stand upright, but also the sickly
appearance of the foliage, tell of tlu prc&enco
generally give the needed information, a3 the
affected ones bend the mora feadflyf The
hollews in the stalk give evidence of their
previous or present work.
The best remedy is to cut off tho infested
parts and bnrn them. This should be done
early in May; if later, sprue of the earliest
moths might escape; if earlier, the primer
could not discriminate so well between
healthy and diseased stems.
Forwarding Lima Beans. Mr. Benja
min G. Smith said, that having been quite
successful in the cultivation of this vegeta
ble he had been frequently asked for his
method. He sows the seed about the mid
dle of April, (being careful to place the eye
down,) in what are known as "cucumber
boxes " filled with loam, five seeds in each.
Tho boxes are without bottoms, six inches
in height, seven inches square at the top,
and eight inches square at the lower part,
and are made of half-inch stuff. They cost
six dollars aad a half per hundred, and his
have already been in use ten years, ne was
first to use them to forward Lima beans, and
finds them invaluable for this purpose.
When the beans are planted the boxes are
placed in the-cold grapery. (A greenhouse
or a glass covered frame would answer the
same purpose.) When the plants are about
two fcst high the ground is prepared and
the poles are set out, and a hole large enough
to receive the box is made at the foot of each.
A box is then lifted on a shovel and placed
in the hole and tho shovel withdrawn. The
box is then removed by lifting up; the ob
ject of making tho top an inch smaller than
tho bottom bring to permit this. It is not
advisable to set ont the young plants before
tie lt of- Juno (in tho vicinity of Boston),
but this is as arly as the seed can be planted
mt doers, end by forwarding in this way live
weeks can bo gained, and the beans can be
hafi fresh frm the garden from the middle
of August to fho middle of October. The
Lima bean is a tropical plant and requires a
long sesson. Any surplus can bo dried for
winter nee, and when soaked can hardly be
dlstinfTiished from fresh beans. In saving
the seed the earliest beans should be care
fully selected. Young cucumber and melon
plante can be forwarded in the samo man
ner. Transactions Mats. Horticultural Society.
m i t.
Pxonies. The fashionable flower gardens
of the present day are gorgeous in their sum
mer array of what are absurdly termed foli
age plants, such as coleus, achyranthus, and
alterntntheras, and similar tender plants,
wnich require carofnl nursing during win
ter, and cannot bo risked in the flower gar
den until fine summer weather prevails.
Depending entirely upon the beauty of foli
age, they become somewhat monotonous in
appearance, and when tho first hoar frost of
antumfe blackons' their tender shoots, their
interest is gone, and their removal causes
but lifctlo regret
Tho time honored mixed flower border,
wherrrBes, flowering shrubs of various kinds,
chrysMJthemnms, phloxes, pa;onies,and many
other hardy flowering plants were arranged,
was hotw devoid of interest; each recurring
week wiUiiMfcl the development of new
bwmtie; fading flowers and opening blos
moms mweedei each other in quick progres
sion, ad the flower border was daily wel
comed as a "thing of beauty" and a "joy
Foremost among these gay old-fashioned
flowers are the herbaceous prconies. A re
cent writer on these plants remarks that " it
is surprising that so noble a flower, almost
rivaling the rose in brilliancy of color and
perfection of bloom and tho Ehododcndron
in stately growth, should be so neglected."
The psconies possess everything that is de
sirable as an ornamental flowering herbace
ous plant ; they are perfectly hardy, and are
able to take eire of themselves; the colors
of the flowers are varied and the double
flowering kinds have among them flowers of
great size and perfect in form as a full blos
somed rose; tho white varieties are singu
larly beautiful and attractive, and brighten
the garden in June beyond all other hardy
Their improvement has not been neglect
ed ; many flue varieties have been produced
of late years, all of which may be secured at
very reasonable cost. A few of the best
named varieties are Fcstiva, a fine white
flower. Fitpillionacca, the largest and best
white. Modi sic, line formed, rose color.
Ambrose' Verschaffilt, verv fine, sweet scented.
f 'iWntllcjii, fragrant white. Dclicatissima,
delicate flesh color. Ilmnci, very double,
rose color. Charles Verdier, fine shaped,
cupped like a dahlia. Fttlgida, free flower
ing crimson, and DclacMi, a fine dark crim
Sweet-scented Vernal Grasp. This
European grass is present in many pastures
and hay meadows, but it yields only a scanty
portion of herbage, and i? not particularly
Well relished by animals, although it is eaten
along with other grasses. 11 has been sown
in cow and sheep pastures for tho purpose of
giving ,i sweet flavor to butter and mutton,
a proceeding which has not proved very
effective. When cut for hay it emits a
! pleasant sweet scent during the process of
drying, owing to the presence of a fragrant
resinous principle called coumarin, the same
that gives fragrance to the Tonka bean, and
the Melilot. This fragrance being developed
during tho drying process, is tberofore not
imparted to secretions resulting from eating
tho green herbage.
Lemon Juice. The London Lancet says
1 that, few people know the valus of lemon-
juice. A piece of lemon bound upon a corn
will cure it in a few days; it should be re
newed night and morning. A free use of
lemon-juice and sugar will always relieve a
cough. Most people feel poorly in the
spring, but if they would eat a lemon before
breakfast every day for a week with or
without sugar, as they like they would
find it better than any medicine.
Selection of Vegetables. Peter B.
Mead, formerly editor of tho Horticulturist,
writing on vegetables in the Rural New
Yorker, gives tho following list as best:
The earliest kinds of corn are tho Dolly
Dutton, Tom Thumb, and Early Marblehead.
These have small ears, and at best can only
furnish a taste until better come. Noxt to
the earliest is the Triumph, and after that
tho Washington Market, by some called tho
Egyptian. For a late sort tho Stowell's
Evergreen is not surpassed. Of bush
squashes there is nono so good as the green
striped Bergen. It is fit to eat when not
much larger than a walnut, and continues
good until late. Next in order is the Sum
mer Crook-neck and the Scollop or Patty
Pan. These must bo eaten when young, or
before the shell gets hard. For running
squashes tho Hubbard or the Perfect Gem
are tho best.
Among peas Bliss' American Wonder is'
the best dwarf. To follow this the Alpha
may be selected, which is scarcely suq)assed
in excellence by any pea, early or late. Add
to these tho Champion of England, and for
the small garden wc need nothing more.
These three kinds, if sown at the .same time,
will follow each other in regular succession.
Of cucumbers the little Early Russian is
not surpassed in quality, is very productive,
and tho edible part equals that of many
kinds more than twice its size. Another
good variety is the White Spine.
The tomato list is very extended. The
Acme is one of tho best and most useful in
Of peppers, the Cayenne is grown for red
pepper and the Bird or Chili for pepper-
sauce, and the Sweet Mountain will do for
If confined to one kind of lettuce I should
grow the Tom Thumb, an early small
headed variety, with a delicious, nutty
flavor. Adding another, it would be tho Bos
ton Market or the Golden Stono Head, and
for summer use the American Gathering is
tho best of all. The last does not make so
solid a head as tho preceding, but it is very
tender, fine flavored, and altogether a beau
tiful plant With late sowings it is better
to be sown in drills where it is to remain
And be thinned out
Of radishes, the French Breakfast radish
is the only one that will be needed in tho
small garden, except that the Scarlet Chinese
may be sown in the fall for use in winter.
It will keep as well as a turnip.
Forest Tree Planting. pints regard.
ing the value of different kinds 6f timber
are of much interest to those who are about
to plant forest t, trees. So far as belts and
clumps of trees are introduced solely for
shelter and their ameliorating influences on
local climates, any rapid growing tree will
answer the requirements; but when these
requirements can be equally well secured
aud at the same time valuable timber trees
employed which may "at some time bo
profitably removed .as growth compels a
thinning out of the trees a judicious selec
tion of the kinds is commendable. As fur
nishing an item in this connection, it is
sttited that tho black birch is rapidly coming
into use as a substitute for walnut. " Tho
birch is a close-grained and handsome wood,
which can be easily stained to resemble wal
nut. It is just as easy io work, and is suit
able for nearly if not all the purposes to
which black walnut is at present applied.
Birch is susceptible of a beautiful polish
equal to any wood now used in the manu
facture of furniture. As with most other
trees, Ihere is a great diflcrenco in the color
and qualities of fheir timber, according to
the soils and situations in which fhey grow.
Where the land is high and dry tho wood
Is firm and clear, but if the land is low and
wet the wood of this birch has a tendency
to bs soft and of a bluish color.
Appi.es. The following-named varieties,
according to tho catalogue of the American
Promological Society, are generally ap
proved in tho States designated: At the
North and East the Baldwin, Duchess of
Oldenburgh, Early Harvest, Fame use, Grar-
enstein, Uubbardston, Sweet Bough, Red
Astrachan, Rhode Island Greening, and Tal
man Sweet, have a large and strong vote.
In the Western States: Ben Davis, Carolina
Red June, Early Harvest, Gilpin, Jonathan,
Maiden's Blush, Red Astrachan, Rawle's
Janet, Smith's Cider, and "Winesap, are pop
ular varieties. In the South the most gen
erally approved apples are Ben Davis, Buck
ingham, Carolina Red June, Early Harvest,
Green Cheese, Horse, Julian, Mangum, Red
Astrachan, Nickajack, Shockley, Sops of
Wine, and Stevenson's Winter.
Wiiere the Timber Goes. To' make
shoe-pegs enough for American use consumes
annually 100,000 cords of timber, and to
make lucifur matches 300,000 cubic feet of
the best pine are required every year. Lasts
and boot-trees take 500,000 cords of birch,
beech, and maple, and the handles of tools
500,000 moro. The baking of bricks con
sumes 21,000,000 cords of wood, or what
would cover with forests about 50,000 acres
of land. Telegraph poles already up repre
sents 800,000 trees, and their annual repairs
consume 300,000 more. Tho ties of railroads
consume annually thirty years' growth of
75,00Q acres, and to fence all the railroads
would cost $15,000,000 with a yearly expen
diture of $15,000,000 for repairs. These are
some of the ways in which American forests
are going. Thero are others. The maun
factnrg of packing bqxes, for instance, costs,
in one year, $22,000,000. while the timber
uscdech year in making wagons and agri
cultural implements, is valued at more than
$100,000,000. Industrial World.
HAREM OF THE WEALTHIEST TURK.
We remain several days in Edremit, while
preparing for the ascent of Mount Ida, and
made excursions in tho suburbs, which con
sist chiefly of olive groves and cemeteries.
On the smooth roads that wound under the
olives we always met a variety of travelers
Turkish gentlemen on horseback, attended
by a train of servants; officers of the army,
finely mounted; caravans of camels, gypsies
driving trains of pack mules, and farmers in
their rude carts with solid wheels drawn by
oxen or buffaloes. Late ono afternoon in a
retired grove we were confronted by the
harem of tho wealthiest Turk in Edremit,
returning from a neighboring town. The
carraige held the more elderly ladies, but
1 riH vrmrxTpr nurvc: tr fliA iiTimlipr nf n limit.
! half adoxen, were mounted man fashion on
spirited horses, each of which was attended
by a Greek servant. They were dressed in
whito robes, which draped but did not con
ceal the form ; and tho yashmaks or veils
which they wore were not transparent like
those of the beauties of Consttntinople, for
the traditions of tho harem are still respect
ed in the interior of the land. At sight of
us, the portly matrons in the carraige quickly
covered their faces, but the younger Circas
sians in the saddle, slender girls of eighteen
or twenty, returned full upon us the dazzling
pomp of their beauty, that singular beauty
which dwells in cold feature, haughty spirit,
and still, luminous eyes. New York Times
THE MAJESTY OF TEXAS LAW.
There is a Justice of tho Peace out in Cros
by county. Week before last ho found a
man guiliy of shooting a bull that did not
belong to him, and fined, him $75. " Why,
Jedgc," said the doomed man, "I haven't got
no $75f I can't pay no such fine " " Tho
Stata of Texas put mo in tthis office to find
out a way to make men pay their fines.
You will cut cedar poles until you havo cut
enough to satisfy the majesty of the law,"
replied the justice. "But, Jedgo, what use
has thp State of Texas got for cedar poles ? '
" It's thiscourt who needs them cedar poles to
build a fence. I'll take the poles and settle
with the Sjtato of Texas for them." And the
poor devil is cutting cedar poles for the
State of Texas now. Texas Sifling3.
ANCIENT RACES OF AMERICA.
In a recent lecture, Prof. Newberry, draw
ing his materials from the mounds, inclos
ures and other relics of tho west, distin
guished three distinct races which preceded J
the Indians on this Continent. It was long
held that the latter wore aboriginal
autochthonous ; but as the wave of civiliza
tion pushed its way Avestward relics were
discovered of races now nearly extinct,
whoso state of culture must have been far
higher than that of their warlike conquerors.
These races, respectively known as mound
builders, tho house-builders and the Aztecs,
occupied the whole region of tho Mississippi
valley and the table-lands of the west,
together with the arable fields of Mexico,
Central America, and Peru. From the con
figuration of the skeleton, and from the
sculptures exhumed in their mounds it was
apparent that they were of physical type very
unlike their conquerors, the Indians, and
equally unlike any of the Asiatic races.
Remains of vast fortifications and large
inclosures which musthave contained public
buildings were discovered. They were
builders of cities, workers of mines, and
manufacturers of woven fabrics, although
but few traces of their skill in the latter
department were found in tho mounds of
sepnlture that they left behind when driven
out by their barbaric enemies. Prof. New
berry argued from the shape of some of
these inclosures representing animals now
extinct that their occupation of tho country
was contemporary with the mastodon, of
which tho Indian has only preserved vague
traditions. It was evident that they possessed
large and populous cities, so numerous as to
bo within sight of each other in some sec
tions of tho country, and he was inclined to
regard certain, tribes of Indians in the west
as probably their lineal decendauts.
TRAFFIC IN CHINESE WOMEN.
An Australian Chinaman, when anxious
to have a wife of his own nation, sends a let
ter to an agsnt in Hong Kong. The follow
ing is a condensed translation of one of these
enistles: "I want a wife. She must bo a
maiden under twenty years of age, and must
not havo left her father's house. She must
have never read a book, and her eyelashes
must be half an inch in length. Her teeth
must be as Sparkling as the pearls of Ceylon.
Her breath must be like unto tho scentB of
the magnificent odorous groves of Java, and
her attire must bo from tho silken weavers
of the Ka-Li-Chinjr, which are on tho banks
of the greatest river in the world the over
flowing Yang-fse-Kiang." Tho prico of a
Chinese woman delivered in Sydney is 38,
but two Chinese women only cost 52, there
fore the heathen Chinesn import the women
in couples. The importer never sees his
women beforo they arrive, and then ho gen
erally selects the best looking one. Tho
other is shown around to a number of well-to-do
Chinamen, and, after fhey have ia-
sp'ected her, she is submitted to what may
be called public auction. At a recent sale
at Sydney a young girl, aged about 19, was
offered, aud after some spirited bidding, she
was purchased by a wealthy Chinese store
keeper, whose place of business is in one of
the leading towns of New South Wales, for
.120. The melancholy aspect of the Celes
tial girl, as she went away in company with
the man who purchased her, was deplorable
to the last degree. North China Herald.
Being almost wholy uneducated, the Ve
netian lady is naturally an inveterate gossip.
Her tongue wags eternally, and can only
wag about the small talk of her native
town, for all beyond it is an unknown
world to her. Every afternoon she goes to
a reception of a friend, when she is not her
self receiving: At these receptions there
are twenty or thirty women, and one or two
stray men. Each fresh arrival is handed
round to be kissed by all the ladies, and
when a visitor goes tho'se who remain pick
her 'to pieces as crows do carrion. Strangers
and in this they include even Italians
who are not Venetians they regard with
distrust and dislike. They appear to be on
friendly terms with them, but behind their
backs they sneer and jeer at them. No
matter how long they may have resided here,
the lino of demarkation is kept up. As the
Venetian ladies talk patois among them
selves, and as many of them are unable to
talk anything else they never get over a
feeling of awkwardness and constraint
when with those whose language is the
pure Italian. When not either at home or
visiting, the ladies are seated on the Piazza
of St Marc, whero they meet the men of
their acquaintance and interchange notes.
WHAT A WOMAN CAN DO.
After Joseph Mnseer, of Lewisburg, (Me.,)
failed in business and became poor his wife
put her wit3 to work as to ways and means
to make a living. She organized an improve
ment party of one, got herself a knitting
machine, and went to work herself at knit
ting. She soon found that she got more
work than one machino could do, and she
bought another and another, until now she
has a regular knitting factory, and is doing
a profitable business.
STRANGE THINGS IN FLORIDA.
A shark recently captured near Tampa
had seven rows of teeth, and weighed 700
pounds. A Fort Ogden man has a contract
to deliver 5,000 alligator hides to a St. Louis
firm by May 1. Dr. Wilcox has discovered
two more teeth belonging to his maitodon,
which weigh about ten pounds, and are said
to be smooth and handsome. They measure
five by six inches. Capt. Richard Boot, of
Old Tampa, has grafted in a grape-fruit
tree six varieties of the citrus family, and
growing from the same stump we find the
shaddock, lemon, lime, citron, sweet and
sour oranges. Capt. C. A. Bryan, of Talla
hassee, has a strange but beautiful anomaly
in his flower garden. A large rose bloomed
on one of his bushes, and when the leaves
bef an to.fall from it four small but com
plete roses appeared in the centre and now
on tho end of the stem where the large rose
grew maybe seen four fully-developed roses,
not larger than a gold dollar. Jacksonville
When a couple make up their minds to get
married it may called a tie vote.
$tyO A WEEK. S12 a clay at home easily mado
j fy Costly Outfit free. Address True & Co.,
When I say cure I do not mean merely to stop
them for a time and then have them return again.
I mean a radical cure. I have mado the disease of
FITS, EPILEPSY OB FALLING SICKNESS
a life-long study. I warrant my remedy to cure
tho worst cases. Because other. have failed is. no
reason for not now receiving a cure. Send at once
for a treatise and a Free Bottle of my infallible
remedy. Give Express and Post-office. It costs
you nothing for a trial, and I will cure you. Ad-
Dr. H. G. ROOT, 1S3 Pearl St., Now York.
15 to $j
per day at home. Samples worth
&5 free. Address Stisson & Co.,
n t? V? W V
FARMERS, Mcchnnicfs, Mill Owners, Minors,
Merchant!, fcc., will find in Moom's Uni
versal Assistant and Complete Mechanic, a
work containing 1,016 page. 5C0 engravings, -161
tables, and ovrr 1,000,000 Industrial Facts, Calcu
lations, Processes, Secrets, Rules, Ac., of rare
utility in 200 Trades. A $3 book freo by mail for
S2 50, worth Its weight in gold to any Mechanic,
Farmer, or Busine?s Man. Agents Wanted. Sure
sale everywhere for all time. For 111. Contents,
Terms, and Catalogue of 3,000 Standard Books,
address National Book Co., 73 Bcekman Street,
nn a week in your own town. Terms and S3
DO outfit free. 9 Address II. ILvllett &. Co.,
AGENTS WANTED. The grandest scherao
of a lifetime; profits larger than havo ever
heen mado by agents at any business; adapted
for any condition of life; old and young, mar
ried and single, all make- money faster than
ever before. Business strictly honorable; no
competition; no capital required. Seize, this
golden chance Trithout delay. Send your ad
dress on postal to-day for fnll particulars.
Address GEO. De LjLBA, 757 Broadwav, New
ffTHfJM E3 fls5
15c. bsres clears out lata, Mice, Roache3,!
Oar lrr ELCOTWC MEDI
CATED PADS CBITMiMrlj eK DIs
. W Uto ic trooh &ih la thorn t
t.M htm aa freo Trial a4 art NO
PAY nlii7CT l On lfftitk. Sir.
felaat PaJ tf ctrre llrprpl, ItUmmSllim,
Mreranrt Kidney DIia, IIUi, Lai M
fipi, Ailhraa, Lana Back, -ifor, Xfnooi
Debility, and mmy otfcar 4Utiet. rrlea
$ 1 .50 to S3.CO. Bok, c. fM-
Aaar EtTKCTnic pad nrr co.,
U TTJUTta St.) Erc8ljn,Jf. I.
I y 1 ys
M "?,? - ri ". .
fJFlies. Aats, hosouitoes, lied-Hurs Incis
rakunk.Weal, CreTri.O'UM.i Chi?mivnL-F.
CLAIMS I CLAIMS I
This Claim House Established
in 1865 I
GEOPtGE E. LEMON,
OfUce, Glii Fifteenth St., (Citizen's National Bank,)
WASHINGTON, C C.
P. O. Dbawhb 325.
If -wounded, injured, or havo contracted any db
eaie, however slight the disability, apply at once.
WldowB, minor children, dependent mothers, fa
thers, and minor brothers and sisters, in tho order
named, ore entitled.
War of 1812.
All surviving; officers and soldiers of this war.
Whether in the Military or Naval service of the
United States, who served fourteen (11; days ; or, if
j ina battle or skirmish, for a less period," and tho
I widows of such who have not remarried, are en
titles to a pension of eiejht dollara a month. Proof
of loyalty is no longer required iu these claims.
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws aro more liberal now than former
ly, and many are now entitled to a higher rate than
j they receive.
From and after January, 1831, 1 shall make no
charses for my services in claims for increase of
pension, where no new disability is alleged, nplent
successful in procuring the increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioner.! who have been unjustly dropped
from the pension roll, or whose names have been
stricken therefrom by reason of failure to draw
their pension for a period of three years, ot by
reason of re-enlistment, may have their pensiond
renewed by corresponding with this House.
from one recriment or vessel and enlistment in an
other, is not a bar to pension in canes where the
wound, disease, or injury was incurred while in tho
service of the United States, and in the bn of
Survivors of all wars from 17Oto March 3, 1S55,
and certain heirs, are entitled to one hundred and
sixty ncres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of the late war not entitled.
Land warrants purchased for cash at the'bJgheal
market rates, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War. ,
Bation money promptly collected.
Amounts due collected without unnecessary de
lay. Such claims cannot he collected without the
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to.
Many claims of this character have been erro
neously rejected. Correspondence in such, cases ia
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in
States not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special at
tention, provided they were filed before January 1,
18a0. if not filed prior to that date they are barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to the abovo we prosecute Military
and Naval claimsof every description, procure Pat
ents, Trade-Marks, Copyrights, attend to busi
ness before the General Land Office and other Bu
reaus of the Interior Department, and all the De
partments of tho Government.
We invite correspondence from all Interested, as
suring them of the utmost promptitude, energy,
and thoroughness in all matters intrusted to our
GEORGE E LEMON,
As this may reach the hands of some persons un
acquainted with this House, we append hereto, as
specimens of the testimony" in our possesion,
copies of letters from several gentlemen of political
and military distinction, and widely known
throughout the United States:
Belviders, III., October 24, 1S75.
I take great pleasure in recommending Captain
George E. Lemon, now of Washington, D. C to
all persons who may have claims to settle or other
bulsness to prosecute before the Departments at
Washington. I know him to be throughly quali
fied, well acquainted with the laws, and with De
partment rules in all matters growing out of the
late war, especially in the Paymaster's and Quar
termaster's Offices.. I have had occasion to employ
him for friends of mine, also, in the toIiciting of
Patents, and have found him very active and suc
cessful. As a gallant officer during the war and an
honorable aud successful practitioner, I recommend
him strongly to all who may need his services.
S. A. HURLBUT, M.C.,
Fourth Congressional District Illinois,
Late Jlajor-Gcneral U. S. Fois.
Citizens' National Bank,
Washington. D. C, January 17, 1S79.
Captain Geouge E. Lesion, attorney and agent
for thecollection of war claims at Washington city,
is a thorough, uble, and exceedingly well-informed
man of business, of high character, and entirely
responsible. I believe that the interests of all
having war claims requiring adjustment cannot bo
confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CRESWELL.
HOCSE OF REPnESENTATIVES,
Washington, D. C, MarcJi , 1&75.
. From several years' acquaintance with Captain
Geoi:gk E. Lesion of this city, I cheerfully com
mend him as a gentleman of integrity and well
qualified to attend to the collection of bounty and
other claims against the Government. His expe
rience in that- line give him superior advantages.
W. P. SPRAGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRAWBRIDGE, M. J.,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
House op Repeksentattveh,
Washington, I. C, JfureA 11878.
We, tho undersigned, having an acqiuuntauco
with Captain Ghonon E. Lesion for the past few
years, and a knowledge of the systematic manner
in which he conducts his extensive business, and of
his reliability for fair and honorable dealings con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend him. to
A. V. RIOE, Chairman
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Beps.
W. F. SLEMONS. M. C,
Stand District of Ark.
W. P. LYNDE, M. C,
Fimrth District of Wis.
B. W. TOWNS 1IKND, M. C.
Nineteenth District of IU.
fftf-Any person desiring information as to my
standing and responsibility will, on request, le fur
nished with a satisfactory reference in his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
GEOItGE E. L5DXOX, Att'yatliuw
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Send sketch or model for Preliminary Examina
tion and Opinion as to Patentability, for which No
Charge ia made. If reported patentable, no
charge for services Unless SucceasfuL Send far
Pamphlet of Instructions.
ESTABLISHED IN 1805.