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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON. D. C, APKLL 8, 1882.
Beautiful faces are those that -wear,
It matters little if dark or fair-Whole-souled
honesty printed there.
Beautiful eyes are those that show,
Like crvEtal pane where heart-fires glow,
Beautiful thoughts that burn below.
Beautiful lips are thoc whoso words
Leap from the heart like songs of birds,
Yet whose utterance prudence girds.
Beautifuniands are those that do
"Work that is earnest, brave and true,
Moment by moment the long day through.
Beautiful feet are those that go
On kindly ministries to and fro
Down lowliest wayn, If God wills it bo.
Beautiful shoulders arc those that bear
Ceaseless burdens of homely care,
"With patient grace and daily prayer.
Beautiful lives are those that bless
Silent rivers of happiness,
"Whose fountains but few may guess.
Beautiful twilight, at set of sun,
Beautiful goal, with race well won,
j.-jfBcjiuJiful rest, with work well done.
it tfB$tvliful graves, where grasses creep,
Where brown leaves fall, where drifts Ho deep
Over worn-out hands oh, beautiful sleep!
.lleV Fllcn P. Atlcrton,
-Tf dt .
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington, D. C.
Correspondence solicited to this column. Com
munications addressed to tho Rural Department
of TiirXational TiiiBi'Nn, 015 Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. C, will be appreciated.
The conductor of Rural Topics is very
desirous that the publisher of TnE National
Tkibuxe should bo placed in possession of
the address of either the Master, Secretary,
or Lecturer of each and every Subordinate
Granpe, so that a copy of the paper may be
furnished for perusal by its members. It
is proposed to make the paper a welcome
visitor to the home of every member of the
Order, and the Rural Topics column -will, if
possible, be kept up to the progressive plane
of other departments of the paper.
Hedges, and How to Grow Them.
Hedges, or live fimces, as they are sometimes
and very properly termed, have long been
held in estimation both, on account of their
great utility as efficient protectors from
depredators and their beauty as ornamental
features of the landscape. For farm fences
hedges have never become popular to any
great extent, mainly on account of the labor
required to keep them in good condition
during summer, -when other farming opera
tions considered of more importance demand
For defensive farm hedges there are only
two plants which have been considered
entirely satisfactory. These are the Osage
orange and the honey locust. The Osage
orange (Madura aurantiaca) is preferred in
all localities where it will stand the winter,
which it will do except in the extreme
Northern States. Its merits for this pur
pose are that it is cheaply produced, of rapid
growth, thickens its branches freely when
clipped, haa formidable thorns, is not liable
to be injured by insects, is not eaten by
cattle, and will grow in any kind of soil of
ordinary fertility. Tho hoSey locust (Glc
diltcJlia iriaeanthos) is somewhat hardier
than the Osage orange; it has formidable
thorns, and in every respect is equally well
adapted for growing into a strong hedge as
the last-named plant.
Raising the Plants. Seeds or young plants
of either of the above are easily obtained.
It is veiy difficult to form a good hedge by
sowing the seeds at once in the hedge row,
or on the position which the hedge is in
tended to occupy. The casualties of growth
will invariably produce many weak plants,
which interfere with tho uniformity of
growth, which is absolutely essential in
starting an efficient hedge. It is therefore
ine practice to sow tne seeds in rowsm
properly prepared ground, and after the
plants have made one year's growth they
are lifted and assorted as to size before final
setting in the hedge row, and an equality of
growth may thus at once be established.
Young plants can be supplied by most
nurserymen in large quantities and at such
low prices that it is more economical to pur
chase plants than to grow them from, seed
on a small scale.
In preparing the ground for a hedge row
a breadth of four feet will be amply suffi
cient. This should bo plowed as deeply as
practicable and then harrowed until the sur
face is smooth and level. The line for set
ting the plants can be made by runniug out
a deep, perfectly straight furrow with a
plow and set tho plants against tho land
side, which, if carefully and neatly done,
will make a fairly accurate line, but the
preferable method is to set a lino where the
hedge is intended to be and make a trench
with a spade. This trench may be one foot
in width and the same in depth, which will
afford proper facility for setting the plants
and covering the roots. The best distance
to set the plants is from ten to fourteen
inches apart and in a single row. On poor
soils or for a merely ornamental hedge the
closer distance may be adopted, and for a
strong fence or in rich soils tho wider
distance will not be too great The soil
should in all cases be firmly pressed around
the roots, and after the plants are set and
straightened the tops should be cut down
to within a couple of inches of the ground.
The perfection of a hedge, even with the
best plants or in tho best soils, depends alto
gether upon the treatment it receives during
the first years of its growth. Neglect in
pruning during this period can seldom be
completely remedied by after treatment,
short of cutting the plants down and start
ing anew, and to early neglect when young
may be attributed most of the failures in
forming good hedges.
To bo continued.
Tree Agents. The rural paragraphia is
greatly indebted to that useful class called
tree peddlers. They afford an opportunity for
so many items showing up their doings
and how they manage to swindle the honest
farmer out of his scanty earnings. These
exposures, however, do not appear to hurt
the peddler's vocation, for the simple reason
that the class of farmers who patronize these
traveling dealers are not newspaper readers,
so that the timely warning which might
save them from making bad bargains never
meet their eyes. On the other hand, it must
be conceded that tree planting and fruit
raising has been greatly encouraged by the
operations of energetic tree agents, so-called.
.That they make their customers pay pretty
'dearly for the goods they fuchase is only
in keeping with the practice of all other
kinds of agents who come in between tho
producer and consumer. The true remedy
iB to deal directly with the nurseryman
who has a reputation to maintain, and whose
representations can therefore be relied upon-
Corx F6R Fodder. As supplementary
food for live-stock during winter, corn fod
der is oftentimes of great value, but tho
sowing is very commonly delayed until lato
in rammer, and in consequence it is allowed
to stand so lato that the curing is but im
perfectly performed, owing to the moist and
cloudy weather, or it may be caught by frost
and rendered worthless before it has reached
sufficient maturity. All this can be avoided
by sowing early, and thus it can be cut and
cured rapidly in good harvesting weather,
and at onco secured for winter use.
It is best to sow in drills in good land, and
cultivate thoroughly, so as to maintain a
continued healthy growth ; the object is to
grow large succulent foliage, not small wiry
stalks which are woody and innutritions. A
crop of corn fodder is also of great import
ance when pastures begin to dry up and fail
to afford food for grazing stock, as a supply
of green food can be cut and fed to the ani
mals until the pasture has recuperated.
The greatest defect in tho average farmer
is that of keeping too scanty a supply of
live-stock. The key-note of high farming is
feeding stock and making manure.
Gkowixg Trees for Timber. There is
a vast amount of writing, just at this time,
about tho evils resulting, and to result, upon
what is termed "'the wholesale destruction
of our forests," and the consequent necessity
for tho immediate planting of trees to re
place those which are being removed. The
Government has published official docu
ments showing what has been done in other
countries when the timber supply failed,
but so far as can be learned there is a total
absence of practical advice or suggestions as
to the proper methods of raising timber trees
on a scale commensurate with tho subject as
presented in this country.
These remarks have been suggested by a
letter which has been received from a reader
of Tiie National Tribune, and from which
we insert the following extract: "I also
would like to plant a belt of trees to shelter
house and outbuildings, and do not know
what best to plant. Evergreen trees I fear
will not thrive in so bleak a place. Tho
Catalpa tree is highly praised; so is the Osage
orange; both of these do well hereabouts,
but they aro crooked growing trees. I think
the yellow locust will do well ; they are not
so much troubled by insects as formerly,
and grow rapidly. Can you offer any sug
gestions or advise me how best to proceed?"
In answer to the above it may be stated
that the best method of starting a grove of
trees as contemplated by our correspondent
is to prepare the ground as if for corn plant
ing, and plant the trees in rows like corn,
allowing the plants to stand four feet apart
each way; they should be cultivated for
three or four years, or until they get a good
start. This thick planting is the proper
plan to establish a forest, after which the
duties of the forester consists in cultivating,
pruning, and thinning the trees as may be
required. The object gained by thick plant
ing is, that the trees protect each other, and
having but little space in which to spread they
are drawn up straight, and thus form good
stems. Should any of the plants'-assume a
crooked, irregular growth after a year or two,
they should be sawed off near to the root, and
a straight, upward growth then will be de
veloped. Any pruning required will have for its
objeet, the encouragement of a distinct lead
ing shoot to the tree. If side shoots appear to
be interfering with the central growth, they
will require to be cut back or entirely re
moved. After a few years, thinning will bo
necessary ; this includes the entire removal
of one-half of the trees; these will be largo
enough for fire wood, or perhaps fencing
purposes. Each year will add to tho value
of the trees to be removed, and ultimately
tire thinnings will become profitable.
As to the kind of trees best adapted, much
depends upon the ultimate object sought to
be obtained. If merely a grove for imme
diate shelter, then tho more rapid growing
trees should predominate, such as the silver
maple, Carolina poplar, ash-leaved maple,
yellow locust, white ash, catalpa, Osage
orange, and wild cherry. But mixed with
these, such trees a3 the sugar maple, black
walnut, chestnut, oaks, &c, may bo intro
duced, and so arranged that tho grove may
ultimately present only one or moro kind of
trees, as may be selected. Trees managed
in this way, on ordinary good soil, will as
tonish those who suppose that half a century
is required before a forest tree can reach
anything like useful dimensions.
"When a grove of deciduous trees has be
come well established, the hardier kinds of
evergreen trees, such as firs and pines, may
be set on the sheltered sides. All evergreen
trees succeed best under shelter when they
are young, or until they are largo enough to
shelter each other.
The Lentil. The common lentil is a
legume of the greatest antiquity, being in
esteem in the days of the patriarchs, and
one of the earliest cultivated food plants.
It is still extensively cultivated throughout
th East Indies, Egypt, Persia, and Syria,
for tho sake of its small seeds, which are
cooked in various ways boiled into soup,
or parched and made into flour, in which
latter state it is often sold as a nutritious
medicinal article of diet under various
names, such as ravalenta, ervalenta, &c
Esten entire, the seeds aro considered to be
rather indigestible, but when deprived of
their skins they are recommended as a rem
edy for indigestion; lentil powder, thus
prepared, has been prescribed for every kind
of indigestion and biliouB disorder. Like
other leguminous seeds, lentils contain
much caseine, and constitute one of the most
nutritious of vegetable products, 100 parts
by analysis yielding: water, 14.0; caseine,
2G.0 ; starch,- 33.0 ; sugar, 2.0 ; gum, 7.0 ;
Fat, 2.0; woody fibre, 12.5; mineral mat
There are several varieties in cultivation.
The Yellow Lentil has smaller seeds than
the species, but it is considered of superior
quality. One variety, known as tho Small
Lentil, ia mostly grown as a forage plant;
for this purpose tho seeds are sown thinly in
drills which are about a foot apart, and the
plante left about five or six inches from each
other in the rows, as they have a branching
habit of crowth. Th cfmo nf n,i
cured for hay when tho earliest seed pods
aw nearly of full size. This hav is consirl-
ered to be very nutritious for live stock, but
it does not produce larcely ner acre. Tho
botanical name of the Lentil is Ervum Lens. J
Planting Cotton. A writer in Home
and Farm says that in river bottoms, where
land is very rich, cotton should bo checked
4 by 4 feet, which will give 2,700 hills to the
acre. One hundred bolls of cotton will weigh
a pound. Any of tho improved varieties of
cotton, well cultivated, in a good season, will
mature 250 bolls, or 2h pounds per stalk.
This -iill make G,750 pounds of seed cotton
per acre, if each hill has a good stalk. To
do this requires care in planting and care in
cultivating, but it can bo done. The great
advantage of checked 'cotton is that it re
quires less 4ioeing.
Tiie Ciiinese Potato. Twenty -five
years ago this plant was introduced as a
wonderful production designed to supersede
tho common notato as well as the sweet
potato, as it was said to combine all the good
qualities of these popular roots with others
peculiarly its own. The botanical name of
this plant is Dioscorca Batatas. It has a
tuberous root, with a twining stem, which
grows from 20 to 30 feet in a season. It is
said to bo extensively cultivated in China
and Japan for its tubers, which are used for
food, and take the same place in consump
tion as our potatoes do hero.
The tubers, or roots, aro long, rather slen
der, and of unequal thickness ; they contain
a large quantity of starch and mucilaginous
matter; they aro very white, and when
cooked are very palatable, and are preferred
by many persons to tho sweet potato, which
they somewhat resemble in taste; they aro a
nutritious and wholesomo food.
Various attempts have been made to popu
larize the cultivation of this plant in this
country, but, although it is excellent food,
its growth is too protracted and tho yield
too scant to make its culture profitable.
It is of easy culluro and the roots are
quite hardy. They remain in tho ground
for several years, gradually increasing in
size. The stem is of such rapid and slender
growth, and the foliage so ornamental, that
the plant is frequently used as a summer
covering for arbors and lattice work.
A great -drawback to its culture is the
depth to which the roots penetrate, which
renders their removal a costly operation. It
is stated that in China thero aro varieties
which form roots quite close to the surface,
aud are also moro productive, but these have
not yet been introduced into this country.
Creese Making. In cheddar cheese
making in England acidity is systematically
developed in tho curd when the whey has
been removed from it by keeping tho curd
warm and piled up in heaps. In other sys
tems it has been more or less unconsciously
employed, as in the Cheshire, by warming
the curd in an oven ; in tho Derby, by leav
ing the newly formed cheese uusalted for a
day or so, or, in some cases, by leaving a lit
tle curd of ono day to mix with that of tho
next; and in the Stilton by leaving tho curd
to drain slowly, without pressure, for a time.
By a judicious employment of acidity, Eng
lish cheese makers claim to secure a quicker
ripening cheese and one whoso flavor is moro
Yield of Oranges. A. B. Clark, post
master at Orange, will this season gather
10,000 boxes of oranges about 256,000 oran
ges from six acres of orchard planted six
years ago last summer to trees budded with
tho Wilson's Best. This, so far as we ki.ow,
is the best yield of fruit ever reported in
this State age of trees considered. If tho
fruit is sold at $2.50 per box it will net about
$500 per acre, which is certainly good enough,
although some people might grumble and say
an orange orchard don't pay. Riverside (Cal.)
Anotiier Remedy for tite Curculio
or Plum-Weevil. The Elmira Husband
man states that a farmer near that city re
ports complete success in protecting plums
from tho curculio by tho use of air-slacked
lime. For two years ho applied the limo
after tho insect had begun its ravages and
had fair crops. Last year he distributed tho
lime earlier, and secured complete immunity
from the curculio. The trees wore so heavily
laden that props would not sustain the limbs
and they broke over the supports. The plan
is very simple: all that is required is to
scatter air-slacked lime freely over the tree,
covering the foliage and fruit
A new danger is said to
have appeared in feeding "sugar meal,"
which is sold by tho glucoso factories, for
fodder. This me.al is supposed to be tho
non-starchy part of corn, and to have come
in contact with nothing but water in tho
course of its preparation. If this were truo
there ought to be no harm in feeding it when
fresh. The fact is, that in tho vicinity of
Buffalo, New York, it has gained the reputa
tion of sour meal, from its strong acid taste.
An unusual amount of cholera infantum has
lately prevailed in a city in the western part
of Now York State, which is claimed to be
due to the acid in tho milk of tho cows fed
on this meal. Cheese makers have had such
bad luck in making cheese, whioh they claim,
also, is duo to tho acid in tho meal, that they
have, in many instances, rofused to receive
milk from dairies where this ia fed
Essex Breed of Swine. Tho good
qualities of this breed are stated as follows:
They aro very peaceable and quiet, scarcely
over attempting to root; aro very fond of a
grass and vegetable diet, and on a full sup
ply of fallen fruit and grass thsj will always
be fat and growing and at any time fit for
the butcher, whether they aro young or old.
Their skin is thin, ears small, and faces short,
and they have a very small proportion of
waste when slaughtered. Their flesh is find
grained, with a large proportion of ham and
shoulder. Some may object to their color,
but their clean, plum-colored skin covers a
healthy carcass, and the color is only scurf
deep, for they dress as white as tho whitest
breeds. They are prolific breeders and good
mothers. In fact thero aro no amiable traits
possessed by the swine family that are
Licking in the Essex.
Grafting Peaches on Plums. It has
recently been suggested that the disease
called "yellows" in peaches may be obviated
by grafting or otherwise working them on
plum stocks. We do not know how far this
may be a remedy for tho disease in qnestion,
but many years ago wc tried this method in
order to get rid of the borer, which is ono of
tho pests of tho peach tree, but it was not
satisfactory. It was found that tho peach
stems thickened more rapidly than those of
tho plums; tho connection between the two
was thus imperfect, and as tho trees formed
good heads they broke apart at the graft. A
severe storm of wind and rain to which they
were exposed at a time when thoy were
heavy with fruit and foliage, prostrated
ninety per cent, of them in a few minutes.
Culture of the Tea Plant. "The
evidence that tea can be grown in this coun
try seems to be accumulating,'' is the com
mencement of a short notice which we find
in an exchange about a small tea nursery in
some Southern State. "Wo may expect that,
by aud by, the announcement will be made
that " evidence is accumulating that rice and
cotton can bo grown ia this conntry." It was
settled more than fifty years ago that tea can
be grown over a large portion of this country.
Throughout Virginia and States southward
the tea plant is grown as an ornamental
shrub, and hundreds of families have for
many years grown and manufactured tea for
domestic consumption. Teas made in Geor-
.gia.md otbcr states have, at various times
during the past twenty years, been sent to
experts for examination, and have, in most
cases, been favorably reported upon; al
though few if any of these samples have
como up to the standard of commercial teas,
yet" they have been pronounced as of fair
quality in yielding a palatable beverage.
That the tea plant can be grown and that
fairly good teas can be made in this coun
try, are facts which need not longer be con
sidered matters of dispute ; but whether teas
can be grown of standard qualities to meet
the requirements of commerce, and in suffi
cient quantities, and at a cost which will be
profitable to the grower, aro questions which
have not been answered, and to ascertain
.iacts in reference to these details is the pur
pose and the necessity of further experiments.
Of course tea can be made wherever tho
tea plant grows, but tho quality depends
much upon the climate. Tho best teas aro
mado in regions whero there is little or no
frost. Tho young leaves of early spring
growth make the finest teas, and this crop
can be relied upon from all growing plants;
but many crops or pickings of young leaves
arc required during tho season to mako it a
profitable industry, and in this factor we
will probably find the limit to successful tea
culture in tho United States. Hot, damp
climates aro best for tea culture. The rain
fall in the most profitable tea growing dis
tricts of India is from 80 to 100 inches per
annum, and it is doubtful whether tea can
be profitably grown in this country in any
district whero the rainfall is below sixty
inches yearly, and that, too, must be pretty
equally diffused over tho spring and summer
months. Of courso systematic irrigation
may tako the place of rainfall. The capa
bility of growing the plant is not now a
question of consideration in experimental
tea culture in this country.
THE AMERICAN HOG IN FRANCE.
Minister Morton telegraphs to Secretary
Frelinghuysen from Paris under dato of
March 29: "The pork bill passed yester
day, provides for inspection in France by
experts appointed by tho Minister of Com
merce, who shall have the right to prescribe
mode of examination. This last clause,
which was introduced by amendment, has
in view the re-cstablishmentof micrographic
examination. Our friends and former min
ister of commerce opposed it."
1 m ' i
COMING TO THE POINT.
Comment is often mado on the curiosity
of people in the agricultural districts, but it
is only right and proper that an honest far
mer who is addressed by a perfect stranger
should weigh the subject well before giving
a'rixy valuable information. Tho other day
a -Dctroiter, who was engineering a horse and
buggy over a muddy highway in the western
part of this county, met a farmer and called
"Do you folks fly when yon go to town? "
The farmer put down the rail he was lift
ing up, took a chew of "shorts," and advanc
ing nearer, he calmly inquired:
"Want to sell that boss?"
" "Want to buy a mate to him ?w
""Want to trade that buggy for a wagon ?"
" Buying butter to ship?"
''Speculating in 'tatersany?"
"Anything new in Detroit?"
"ITavn't heard of auy thing."
"Traveled very far to-day ? "
" About twelve miles."
"Going to tho city to-night?"
" Yes, if I can get there. Now, then, do
you folks out hero along the line of this
infernal river of mud fly when you go to
Tho man looked all around, heaved a
sigh, and broke oil' a twig to pick his teeth
"Stiangcr, what kind of a flying machine
are you peddling, and what's your very low
est figures for cash ?"
SEALING THE SEPULCHRE.
In his will, tho late Charles Brewer, of
Pittsburg, Pa., requested that after the death
of his nicco, Miss Mary C. Hem, of Alle
ghany, his private burial vault in the Alle
ghany Cemetery, in Lawreuceville, should
be hermetically sealed, and tho key thrown
into tho Alleghany river. Miss Hern died
in September, 1877, but tho executor took
the responsibility of not complying with Mr.
Brewer's request ttntil the last shelf in the
vault should bo occupied. This happened a
few days ago, when Mrs. Frances Hern Burn
side, another nieco of Mr. Brewer, was placed
in the vault, which will now bo sealed in
accordance with Mr. Brewer's wish and the
key thrown into the Alleghany river, or dis
posed of in some equally effectual manner.
PRIVATE MAD-HOUSES IN ENGLAND
It seems incredible, yet it is nevertheless
truo, says DcmorcsPs Monthly, that all that is
needed to send a person to a lunatic asylum
in England is the certificate of two physi
cians alleging insanity. It has been proved
beyond all peradventure that perfectly sane
men aud women have been incarcerated in
private lunatic asylums by relatives who
found them disagreeable or who wished to
get possession of their property. It is true
thero is a Royal Commission, empowered to
examine every case that is called to their
attention, but even this does not protect a
sane person against involuntary imprison
ment. Tho purchased testimony of two ir
responsible doctors, without any further
examination, is all that is needed. A Mr.
Elliot recently escaped from a private luna
tic asylum in England, and he succeeded in
not only proving himself sane, but that a
number of persons in the Bame institution
were of perfectly sound minds.
"Seat? for shop girls," certainly. 'A great
many of our nice young men understand the
art of so adjusting their knees that an excel
lent seat for shop girls is the result.
WIT AND HUMOR.
If a two-wheeled vehicle is a bicycle, and
a three-wheeled a tricycle, it does not follow
that a one-wheeled is an icicle. It i3 a
On being asked what he thought fire-flies
were made for, a little boy answered, " I
think God made them for candles to light
tho little frogs to bed."
"Wo approach Thee, O Lord, under the
auspices of the Essex County Agricultural
Society," was the modest phrase with which
the clergyman offered the opening prayer at
a Massachusetts fair.
" Ma," said a girl who had j U3t commenced
her lessons in geography, "whereabouts
shall I find the state of matrimony ? " " Oh,"
replied the mother, "you will find that to be
one of the united states."
A New Jersey horse doctor attempted to
prescribe for a man and succeeded in killing
him. This proves that man hasn't the con
stitution of a horse.
Said a mother to her naughty little boy,
" When you went to the cupboard to steal
those tarts weren't you afraid of something?"
"Yes, ma'am, afraid I couldn't find the
"Yes mamma, I took three bonfons out of
the drawer." " That was very naughty, my
child, but I shall forgive you because yon
confessed it." " Then give mo the other,
mamma, for I really took only two."
Said tho man as he lay crushed under the
falling wall, " For heaven's sake get me out
of hero." " Aro you suffering much pain ?"
they asked. "Yes," he replied, " but I don't
mind about that. It's the row my wife will
mako about my coming homo so late that
A master workman in China makes about
one hundred and fifty dollars a year andean
support his family for one hundred and
twenty dollars. This allows him thirty dol
lars for pool, beer, the circus, dime novels
and other mental recreation. But his wife
never wears a sealskin sacquo.
"Coming events, etc." North Country
magnate (to tenant farmer) "Well, Mr.
Cluff, so we're going to have an election.
How do you hum? what do you think
about it?" Dalesman (warily) " Think
about it, sir? Whaav, I think I shall be
shakin' hands wi' some jrreat folks very
shortly !" Punch.
In a western town recently the " star" who
shoots an apple off a man's head, missed his
cue and killed the apple-holder. The audi
ence was so delighted that it demanded an
encore and tho manager camo forward and
said that owing to the prodigious expense of
shipping a corpse east they would be obliged
to reluctantly forego a repetition.
General Phil Cook laughingly tells how a
Georgia Congressman was astonished to find,
over his mantelpiece, neatly framed, the
marriage certificate of his landlady. The
momber thus admonished is one of the best
of men, and, as he has no intent of marry
ing outside of Georgia, he is puzzled to know
why he should have been the object of so
much unnecessary solicitude. Washington
A Scotch minister was once busy catechis
ing his young parishioners before the con
gregation, when he put tho first question to
a stout girl whose father kept a public house :
"What is your name?" No reply. The
question having been repeated, the girl re
plied, " Nane o' yer fun, Mr. Minister ; ye ken
my name weel eneach. D'ye no say when
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Terms and S3
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CLAIMS I CLAIMS I
This Claim House Established
in 1S65 1
GKEOEGKE E. LEM02ST,
Ofllce, 613 Fifteenth St., (Citizen's 5atIonal Ban,)
WASHINGTON, D, O.
P. O. DBAWEB 325.
m - cTT
If wounded, Injured, or havo contracted any dis
ease, however slight the disability, applyAfratfce.
Thousands entitled. , 3f
Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fa
thers, and minor brothers and sisters, in tho order
named, arc entitled.
War of 1812.
Al surviving officers and soldiers of this war,
whether in the Military or Naval service of tho
United States, who served fourteen (14) days ;.or, if
in a battle or skirmish, for a less period-and" tho
widows of such who have not remarried, are en
titled to a pension of eiplit dollars a month. Proof
of loyalty is no longer required ia these claims.
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than former
ly, and many arc now entitled to a higher rate than
From and after January, 1SS1, 1 shall make no
charRcs for my services in claims for increase of
pension, where no new disability is alleged, unless
successful in procuring the increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped
from the pension roll, or whose names have been
stricken therefrom by reason of failure to draw
their pension for a period of three years, or by
reason of re-enlistment, may have their pensions
renewed by corresponding with this House.
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment In an
other, is not a bar to pension in cases where tho
wound, disease, or injury was incurred while in tho
service of tho United States, and in the line of
Survivors of all wars from 1700 to March 3, 1855,
and certain heirs, are entitled to fri hundred and
sixty acres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of the lato war not entitled.
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest
market rates, and assignments perfected,
Prisoners of War,
Eatlon money promptly collected,
Amounts due collected without unnecessary de
lay. Such claims cannot be collected without the
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to."
Many claims of this character have been erro
neously rejected. Correspondence in such cases is
respectfully invited. ' " '
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in
States not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special at
tention, provided they were tiled before January 1,
1S60. If not filed prior to that dato they are barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to the above wo prosecute Military
and Naval claimsof everydescription, procure Pat
ents, Trade-Marks, Copyrights, attend to busi
ness before tho General Land Oilice and other Bu
reaus of the Interior Department, and all the De
partments of the Government.
AVc invite correspondence from all interested, as
suring them of the utmost promptitude, energy,
and thoroughness in all matters intrusted to our
GEORGE E. LEMON,
As this may reach the hands of some persons un
acquainted with this House, we append hereto, aa
specimens of the testimony in our possession,
copiesof letters from several gentlemen of political
and military distinction, and widely known
throughout the United States:
Enr.viDnnE, Ir.t,., Oclobcr2l, 1S73.
I take great pleasure in recommending Captain
Oconee E. Ltmos, now of "Washington, D. O., to
all persons who may have claims to settle or other
buisnes-. to prosecute before the Departments at
"Washington. 1 know him to be throughly quali
fied, we! I ufouainted with the laws, and with De
partment rule5 m all matters growing out of tho
late war, opoc'ally in the Paymaster's and Quar
termaster's Oflices. I have had occasion to employ
him for friends of mine, also, in the soliciting of
Patents, and have found him very active and suc
cessful. As a gallant officer during the war and an
honorable and successful practitioner, I recommend,
him strongly to all who may need his services.
S. A. HOELBUT, M. C,
Fourth Congressional District Illinois,
Late Major-General U.S. Vols,
Citizens' NArcosAti Bask,
Washington, D. C, January 17, 1S79.
Captain George E. Lkmon, attorney and agent
for the collection of war claims at Washington city,
is a thorough, able, and exceedingly well-informed
man of business, of high character, and entirely
responsible. I believe that the interests of all
having war claims requiring adjustment cannot bo
confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CEESWELL.
House of Representatives,
Washington, D. C, March, lb75.
From several years acquaintance with Captain
Geokge E. Lemon of this city, I cheerfully com
mend him as a gentleman of integrity and well
qualified to attend to tho collection of bounty and
other claims against the Government. His expe
rience hi that line givo him superior advantages.
W. P. SPEAGUE, M. 0., '
Fifteenth Distrktvt Ohio
JAS. D. STKAWBIUDGE, M. 0.,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania,
House op Representatives1,
Washington, D. C, March 1, 1ST8.
We, tho undersigned, having an acquaintance
with Captain George E. Lemon for the past few
years, and a knowlcdgo of the systematic manner
in which he conducts his extensive business, andof
his reliability for fair and honorable dealings con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend him to
A. V. RICE. Chairman
Committee on Invalid Pensions. House Ren
W. F. SLEMONS. M. C,
Second District of Ark.
W. P. LYNDE, M. C,
Fourth District of Wis.
B. W. TOWNSHEXP, M. C.
Nineteenth District of JK.
JJST-Any person desiring Information as to my
standing and responsibility will, on request, be fur
nisdied with a satisfactory reference in his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
GEOUGE E. LEMOX, Att'y atLaw
WASHINGTON, D. C.
4 Send skctclt or model for Preliminary Examina
tion aHd Opinion as to Patentability, for which Jfo
Chargo is made. If reported 'Jpifoentable,' no
charge for services Unless Successful, Send fox
Pamphlet of Instructions. J.-Jiuit. JTJfl-
ESTABLISHED Rt 180&